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July 18, 1946 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1946-07-18

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CLOUDY,
WARMER

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JULY 18, 1946

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Congress 'Marks

Time'

on OPA Revision

* * * * * * * * * *
Local AVC Urges Buyers' Boycott at Rally
4 18

Dr. Newcomb
Says Congress
Ignores People
An immediate, effective buyers'
boycott of unnecessary items was
urged by AVC spokesman at a pro-
test gathering of 300 students, faculty
members and townspeople in front of
the Rackham Building yesterday af-
ternoon.
The rally was called by AVC as
part of an intensified drive to "save
OPA."
Newcomb Urges Strike
Prof. Theodore Newcomb, of the
sociology department, one of the
principal speakers, declared that in-
amuch as Congress is ignoring the
will of the majority of the people in
abolishing price control, a concerted
buyers' strike against those "directly
concerned," should be placed in
operation.
Also speaking at the rally were As-
sistant Dean of Women Mary Bro-
mage and Jack Weiss and Ed Tumin,
Chairman and Corresponding Secre-
tary of the campus AVC chapter.
Polls Show OPA Wanted
Prof. Newcomb; a member of the
sociology department and a recog-
nized authority inthe field of public
opinion analysis, said:
"This battle for the restoration of
a workable OPA bill is a basic issue
of democratic government since a
number of polls taken this week have
By The Assocated Press
Sporadic protests against rising
living costs continued today but
Michigan consumers appeared un-
willing to support an organized
meat buying strike.
Detroit retailers reported no im-
mediate reaction to a plea from
Walter Reuther, that housewives
boycott butchers for a week.
However, prices were affected
somewhat by what merchants
termed an unorganized "strike"
against meat items.
The uneasiness over spiralling
living costs was reflected Tuesday
in a series of protest meetings which
drew thousands in Detroit, Jack-
son, Grand Rapids, Pontiac, Flint
and Ann Arbor.
shown that well over sixty per cent
of the people want the continuation
of the OPA as it was on June 30."
In the struggle between public
opinion and lobbying interests the
great mass of consumers has been
able to bring relatively little pressure
to bear on their Congressman, ac-
cording to Prof. Newcomb.
"We must learn new devices for
making our voices heard, and the
most effective method is to put pres-
sure on others who are directly con-
cerned by putting into operation a
concerted buyers' strike which is
simple in operation, can be slogan-
ized, and the results of which will be
unmistakable," he said.
Asks Limited Purchasing
Ed Tumin, AVC's spokesman, asked
the assembled crowd to join in the
national AVC "buyers strike" by
limiting their purchases to absolute
necessities.
"In view of the steep increase in
meat prices, the AVC is asking all
citizens to refrain from buying meat
entirely for the next week or two in
order to bring pressure on the meat
packers," Tumin announced.
Dean Bromage, speaking on the
effects of OPA's discontinuance de-
See AVC, Page 3 -

Representatives
Are Dawdling'
Tobey Claims
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 17-A Sen-
ate-House conference on the OPA
bill virtually marked time today and
Senate Democratic leader Barkley
(Ky.) reported action unlikely before
Friday on modifications the admin-
istration seeks.
Asked whether the delay on pres-
sing to a vote on the provisions of the
OPA bill is intentional, Barkley de-
clared that "there is no significance"

EISENHOWER 'GET-TOGETHER'-A small Minocqua, Wis., resident greets General of therArmy Dwight D.
Eisenhower on the Chief of Staff's unheralded arrival in Minocqua for a; vacation with his four brothers.
Left to right: Arthur, of Kansas City, Mo.; Earl, of Chareroi, Pa.; Edgar, of Tacoma, Wash.; and Milton, of
Manhattan, Kas.

The departure of Sen. Phipstead
(Rep., Minn.) and Sen. Burton K.
Wheeler (Dem., Mont.) from the
Senate is "one of the greatest con-
tributions the United States has made
to world peace in recent months,"
Prof. Preston W. Slosson, of the
history department, declared yester-
day.
Sen. Shipstead, under the Repub-
lican label, and Sen. Wheeler, under
the Democratic label, worked for
complete isolation of America from
world affairs, he stated.
"This isolation has become impos-
sible under modern conditions and
the American public is undoubtedly
awake to the fact," Prof. Slosson
pointed out..

Rankin Attacks
Civiliat Control
of Atom Power
No Decision Reached
After Two-Day Debate
WASHINGTON, July 17-(A')-Rep.
John E. Rankin (Dem., Miss.), fierce-
ly attacking legislation for civilian
control of atomic energy, told the
House today "there are spies" now
inside the Oak Ridge, Tenn., atomic
plant and that investigators for the
House Committee on Un-American
Affairs are after them.
Rankin declared the bill might re-
sult in 'release of the secret of the
atom bomb to communists. The
world, he said, should be put on no-
tice that "we are going to keep this
bomb."
The way to do it, Rankin advised,
is to kill the legislation and leave the
bomb in charge of the military.
"I have never found a traitor grad-
uated- from West, Point yet," the
speaker declared.
The legislation also was assailed
by Rep. J. Parnell Thomas (Rep.,
N.J.), who said Andrei Gromyko,
Soviet representative on the United
Nations Security Council, "couldn't
have drawn a better bill for Russia."
The legislation drew stout defense
of Rep. Clare Boothe Luce (Rep.,
Conn.) who said "it allows our gov-
ernment to maintain and protect our
monopoly of atomic weapons which
otherwise might make their way into
the hands of our potential enemies."
At the end of the second day of
debate the House found itself far
from a decision on whether to vest
control of atomic energy entirely
in civilians, to give the military a
dominant voice, or to kill the legis-
lation outright.
UN Will Consider
U.S. Atom Proposal
NEW YORK, July 17-(WP)-A
United Nations Atomic Committee
agreed today to decide on a U.S. pro-
posal for an atomic development
authority before taking up Russia's
demands for an international con-
vention outlawing the production and
use of atomic weapons.
Committee No. 2 of the Atomic
Energy Commnission, charged with the
task of drafting an atomic control
plan, decided at a two-hour closed
session to begin discussions of the
U.S. proposal at its next meeting
July 24.
The delegates agreed that they
would press for a showdown on this
question as soon as possible and then
move on to Russia's proposal for the
outlawing of atomic weapons.
Russians Cannot Locate
Missing Army Officers
FRANKFURT, Germany, July 17
-(A')-The two American officers who
disappeared July 4 into the Russian

Government-Union Agreement,
Reached with Mine Supervisors

WASHINGTON, July 17-(P)-Vice
Admiral Ben C. Moreell, Federal Coal
Mines Administrator, announced to-
night a government-union agreement
covering pay and working conditions
for mine supervisory workers-the
first such agreement in the history of
the soft coal industry.
The agreement applies only to 136
supervisory workers at four western
AVC To Hold
Parade in City
'Save OPA' Drive Will
Be Continued Tuesday
Carrying their drive to "Save OPA"
to the people of Ann Arbor, the
campus chapter of AVC yesterday an-
nounced a parade and demonstration
to be held at 3:30 p.m. Tuesday in
the city.
In cooperation with the city and
Willow Run AVC chapters and local
civic organizations, the AVC parade
will march behind the Ann Arbor
High School band from the campus
downtown to the Washtenaw County
Courthouse.
At 4:10 p.m., speeches will be pre-
sented from the courthouse steps by
Prof. John L. Brum of the journalism
department, Neil Staebler, local busi-
nessman, and by representatives of
agriculture and labor in the city.
Route of the parade is from State
and Huron, down State to Packard,
down Packard to Main St., and down
Main St. to the courthouse. Vic
Baum is in charge of the parade.
The parade was planned at a meet-
ing of the campus AVC chapter yes-
terday. Also at the meeting, con-
plete reorganization of the chapter
committees was put through, with
"accent on membership", according
to Murray Gart.
HEAT WAVE COMING
Students can plan to swelter to-
day according to the weather man,
who predicts a local heat wave
which f will surpass yesterday's
high of 83 degrees. For Inter-
iochen Music Camp's solution to
the heat, see picture, page four.

Pennsylvania bituminous mines of{
the Jones and Laughlin Steel Cor-
poration but the. case has been re-
garded as a test over the long-con-
troverted issue of unionizing mine
foremen.
The coal industry for years has re-
sisted all attempts to deal with super-"
visory workers through a union, con-
tending they are part of the man-
agement.
Admiral loreell made the agree-
ment as operator of all bituminous
mines under a government seizure
order in effect for the past two
months. The pact was made with the
United Clerical, Technical and Super-
visory Workers of District 50, a
branch of the United Mine Workers
(AFL), headed by John L. Lewis.
Separate agreements also were an-
nounced covering Jones and Laugh-
lin clerical and technical workers
and clerical and technical workers of
the Industrial Colleries Corporation,
Johnstown, Pa., a subsidiary of Beth-
lehem Steel Corporation. The latter
agreement covered only the corpor-
ation's employees in its general office.
Under the pacts, the J. and L.
supervisory workers affected were
given wage increases of $1.85 a day
plus overtime after 40 hours. These'
terms are retroactive to May 22, 1946.
U' Flying Club
.Elects Officers
Openings were announced for eight
new members at last night's meeting
of the University of Michigan Flying
Club.
Walter T. Buhl and Richard Marks
were selected by drawing lots to par-
ticipate in a Dawn Patrol to Alma,
Michigan Sunday. In addition, a pic-
nic at Portage Lake was suggested
by the social chairman and approved
by the club.
Capt. Dick Illing was elected vice-
president of the club and Buhl was
elected a member of the board at the
meeting.
Besides the usual club business,
cross country flights and an interim
program for the end of the summer
session were discussed.

Britain To Get
loan Advance
WASHINGTON, July 17-(P)-Sec-
retary of the Treasury Snyder an-
nounced tonight that $300,000,000
will be placed to the credit of Britain
tomorrow as the first advance on
the $3,750,000,000 loan.
The funds will come out of the
treasury's cash balance of more than
$12,000,000,000 and will be made
available to the British through the
Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
The British will draw drafts on the
bank as they use the money.
Snyder told a press conference he
saw no indications that British pur-
chases would add to inflationary
buying pressures in this country and
added, "they're going to use the
credit cautiously."
He said Britain would buy food
and heavy machinery.
Questioned about a report from
London that Britain plans to raise
the value of the pound in terms
of the dollar, the treasury secretary
said he had not heard of such an in-
tention. The treasury was notified in
advance by Canada before that
country raised the exchange value

to it.
The provisions of the measure were
discussed in general terms at today's
meeting.
'Dawdling' Says Tobey
The House conferees took a stand
against the specific ceiling exemp-
tions which the Senate voted but
Senator Tobey (Rep., N.H.) accused
them of "dawdling" 'and said that
"all they want to do is talk."
"Feelings are tense," he told re-
porters. "The time has come to fish
or cut bait."
Indications were that there was
only general discussion of the bill's
provisions. Rep. Spence (Dem., Ky.),
head of the House conferees, declared
that "we will make a move when the
time domes. Nobody can put the
chips, down faster than we can.."
The session finally broke up when
senators were called to the floor for
a vote on another matter.
Truman Displeased
Meanwhile there was a fresh indi-
cation of Mr. Truman's displeasure
with the measure as it stands.
The White House released a report
of the War Reconversion Advisory
Board calling for a bill which would
renew price controls for a year while
"simplifying present procedures and
liberalizing existing standards." A
White House statement releasing the
report added:
"This action shall in no wise be
construed as an endorsement of the
proposed legislation now pending be-
fore Congress."
Hoarders Hit

By CPA Order
WASHINGTON, July 17-(P)-To
prevent hoarding at the factory of
scarce household appliances and
other goods in hopes of higher prices,
the Civilian Production Administra-
tion tonight clamped stern inventory
controls on manufacturers.
The anti-withholding order limits
to a supply of 30 days or less the
stocks of nearly a score of finished
products which may be held in fac-
tories or warehouses. The rest must
be moved to market.
The goods affected include furni-
ture, refrigerators, washing machines,
electric ranges, sewing machines and
vacuum cleaners, cameras and photo-
graphic equipment and some building
materials.
Little hoarding is known to exist,
in the household goods industries
covered today, CPA Administrator
John D. Small said,
'Strikes Unwise'
Green Tells Labor
DETROIT, July 17-(P)-Strikes
in retaliation against removal of price
controls are "unwise at this time,"
William Green, president of the
American Federation of Labor. told
the Brotherhood of Maintenance of
Ways (AFL) convention today.
"The workers of the nation can-
not and will not remain passive," he
told the 700 delegates. "They must
and will have more wages if prices
increase."
"I know there is a strong feeling
among many American workers to
retaliate against profiteering and
Congressional blunders by striking,"
the AFL 'leader said.
EVENTS TODAY
Discussion, "Psychology of Soc-
ial Change", by Prof. Donald G.
Marquis, psychology department
chairman, at 4:10 p.m. in Rack-
ham Building.
Lecture, "How Technology
Changes Society," by Prof. Wil-
iam F. Ogburn, University of Chi=

IT'S HAPPENING HERE:'
Gale Compares China Under
Wartime Inflation to U.S. Now

Economic conditions in therUnited
States now are becoming more anal-
ogous to those in wartime China,
which proved a striking example of
inflation, according to Dr. Esson M.
Gale, director of the International
Center.
Dr. Gale, who has been "in and
out" of China for 38 years and has
held a number of posts with the Chin-
ese Government Salt Revenue Ad-
ministration, compared the United
States and China, in that both are
"vast continental areas" with among
the largest populations in the world
and have governments in which the
nonulace has always been accustomed

encies in the United States could
be strictly controlled by suchscentral
government organs as OPA, this was
not possible in China, he continued.
The Chinese government could do
little if anything to control prices,
and lost its chief sources of revenue
through the occupation by the enemy
of the richest territories, Dr. Gale
said.
"Furthermore," Dr. Gale pointed
out, "imports and exports were re-
duced to a trickle by the complete
coastal blockade set up by the Jap-
anese after the closing of the Burma
Road. Every factor thus contributed

REVIEW OF TEACHING:
17th Education Conference
To Plan School Improvement

The 17th annual Summer Educa-
tion Conference of the University of
Michigan will be held here next week,
July 22-26, under the sponsorship
of the School of Education, Dean
James B. Edmonson has announced.
Several hundred teachers and
school officials from Michigan and
neighboringstates are expected to

vided by the publishers of textbooks.
Approximately 50 firms have asked
for space. A special display has; also
been arranged by the University Ex-
tension Service. The program will be
opened without charge to anyone
interested in education.
First lecturer on the program will
be Prof. Preston W. Slosson, of the
history department, who will speak
of- 11 .,n- m *Ktnrno,,nn, ta chthiar+.

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