See Page 2
[vz, No. 7S
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JULY 11, 1946
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Yew Reich Rule
Russia Opposes France On Ruhr
Question, Demands Central Control
By The Associated Press
PARIS, July 10-Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov flatly opposed
night any plan for Germany's future which would dismember, federalize
reduce the Reich to the status of an agricultural state.
He called for the setting, up at once of a central German administration
s a transitional step toward the establishment of a future German govern-
Ient" with which the Allies could sign a peace treaty.
In a lengthy speech to the four-power foreign ministers council, Moo-
Senate Upholds OPA GrainControl;
'U' Launches Hosing Drive for Fall
ew Language ?la
it o~ue Tme Ger
astablishmnent of a system of four-
wer interallied control over all Ger-
n industries and over the key Ruhr
ants in particular. The Ruhr now
administered' exclusively by the
)rafting of a plan to assure Ger-
a reparations deliveries to Allies
a means of furthering the "com-
te military and economic disarma-
nt" of the Reich.
/olotov's statement on the need
German centralization placed him
arely at odds with Georges Bidault,
nch President and Foreign Minis-
w Linguistic Method
monstrated by Pike
Prof. Kenneth L. Pike, linguistics
expert from the University of Okla-
homa, proved to a skeptical audience
last night that he could grasp the
essentials of an unknown language
after a bare hour of hearing it spoken.
Presented with an informant who
spoke a language unknown to him,
Prof. Pike began the demonstration,
sponsored by the Linguistics Insti-
tute, with an attempt to draw from
the informant the words for various
articles he had gathered beforehand
for' the purpose. Among these were
a rope, several leaves, rooks, and two
scarves--each of a different color.
Uses Mexican Dialect
Speaking to the informant only in
Mexteco, language of a native group
of south-western Mexico, Prof. Pike
obtained from the informant, who
could understand only his gestures,
the names of the articles presented.
He then went on to extract from the
informant names of verbs and differ-
ent ways of using them.
As he obtained answers to the
questions which he implied from the
gestures and the tones of the Mexte-
can language, Prof. 'Pike hurried to
the blackboard to set down in phonet-
ics what the informant had said. On
several occasions the informnant in-
dicated a knowledge of phonetics by
following the professor to the board
and repeating a syllable which Prof.
Pike had failed to catch.
Sums Up Methods
After 40 minutes of this gesture-
answer procedure Prof. Pike turned
from the boards and proceeded to
explain what he had accomplished.
He touched first on the sound system
which he had discovered, although in
many cases he was unsure. He said,
however, that a longer period with
the informant would have cleared up
the uncertainty which appeared. The
language structure was revealed both
by presence of suffixes and verb con-
struction, Prof Pike continued.
In summing up his methods of con-
tact with the informant, Prof. Pike
compared them with the game of
"30 Questions", except that in this
case, he said, gesture situations are
substituted for words in the attempt
to get an answer.
Of PAC Leader
POINT LOOKOUT, N.Y.- (/P) -
Sidney Hillman, 59, died Wednes-
day. An immigrant garment worker
who became a $15,000-a-year union
executive, he was a symbol of la-
bor's rising influence in national
Hillman was vice-president and
one of the founders of the CIO, head
of the CIO Political Action Commit-
tee and president of the Amalga-
mated Clothing Workers of Ameri-
He suffered an acute heart at-
tack at his Long Island summer
home and died at 7:40 a.m.
From the White House came one
of the first expressions of regret
at the passing of the political-la-
bor leader whose word had influ-
enced the selection of presidents.
"Sidney Hillman was more
than a distinguished labor lead-
er," said President Truman. "He
was a great humanitarian and an
outstanding statesman in the field
of labor-management relations."
One of Hillman's last public ac-
tions was a congratulatory telegram
sent to the President on his veto of
the OPA bill.
Bidault declared that France would
discuss centralization of the Reich
only after Germany's western bound-
aries have been fixed. The French
have asked that the Ruhr, Rhineland
and the Saar be separated from Ger-
'Germany Needs Ruhr'
Molotov declared it was "easy to
understand that without the Ruhr
Germany cannot exist as an inde-
pendent and stable state."
Proposals to federalize Germany
have been discussed as a method of
lessening the centralizing power of a
future German government. Discus-
sing these proposals Molotov said:
"There have been not a few in-
stances in which Allied authorities
in the western zones of occupation
of Germany have encouraged the idea
of a federal structure for Germany.
The attitude of Allied authorities is
one thing, whereas, a real desire of
the German people, or at least a de-
sire of the population of some part
of Gernan territory is another thing.
"We, the Soviet people, hold that it
is incorrect to impose upon the Ger-
man people a solution of this ques-
tion. Such an imposition would not
in any case produce any good if only
for the reason that it will be precari-
The Rev. David A. Blake, minister
of the Isabelle Rogers Memorial
A.M.E. church in Willow Village,
last night charged that property
owners in the vicinity of the Village
are discriminating against negro
buyers seeking homes.
He told members of the Willow
Village AVC chapter that cases of
discrimination had been reported
He also urged that the chapter
members join in concerted action to
improve electricity supply at the
Chapter Chairman Allen D. Wea-
ver distributed petitions demanding
effective price control. 3,000 signers
are sought . before the community
OPA rally next Tuesday.
Leo Skull was appointed chair-
man of a committee to investigate
establishment of a cooperative res-
taurant for students living in the
A drive to obtain "at least 400"
more rooms for fall term faculty
members and students was launched
today by University housing authori-
ties as official estimates of housing
needs were revealed by a University
If student enrollment is held down
to 17,000, it will be necessary to se-
cure 300 rooms in city residences to
provide for the increase over the
spring enrollment's 14,350, and in
addition, places are sought for 100
faculty members of "junior level"
status, for whom residences must
Through increased housing fa-
cilities, principally at Willow Vil-
lage, the University will be able to
accommodate most of the 3,500
new students expected in the fall.
The crucial point in the housing
problem will be finding rooms in
Last spring, 3,747 students lived
in private homes in the city. Rooms
for at least 4,000 will be needed if a
17,000 enrollment is to be accommo-
dated. It is extremely likely that
the housing shortage will hold en-
rollment to the 17,000 figure, unless
additional living quarters are found.
A breakdown on student residence
capacities in various units besides
privately-owned homes shows that
5,000 will be housed in residence halls,
1,600 in fraternity and sorority
houses, 2,000 in League houses and
other approved residences, 3,200 at
Willow Village and 250 in the ma-
ried veterans apartments now under
construction near University Hos-
University officials revealed 50
of 292 apartments at the vet pro-
ject will be reserved for faculty
members. Plansare tinderway to
house 20 others in the Michigan
Union and 30 in houses acquired
by the University for the business
Home-owners with rooms available
for faculty members are urged to
contact Mrs. Ethel Hastings in the
University business office immediate-
ly so that arrangements can be com-
There are approximately 900
faculty and staff members now and
the fall term additions will give
the University 1,100 members, a
ratio of about one teacher for
every 17 students.
Authority to build four additional
apartment buildings for married vet-
erans, bringing the total to twelve,
was granted yesterday by Civilian
Production Authority officials in
Washington. The new units will be
built concurrently with those already
begun, Plant 'Superintendent Walter
Elects 7 to Board
The Inter-Racial Association at its
first meeting last night in the Union
elected seven members to its execu-
IRA leaders for the summer ses-
sion will be Victorial Cordice, Chair-
man; Hanny Gross, secretary; Sam
Shepard, Clarence McGivins, Sam
Kaplan, Toyoaki Yamada and John
There will be enough places in the
legal profession for veterans now
planning to become lawyers, Dean E.
Blythe Stason of the law school pre-
dicted yesterday, commenting on the
over-crowded conditions prevalant in
the nation's law schools.
With law school graduating classes
down to only 10 or 15 per cent of
pre-war totals during the war years,
even three years of graduating classes
twice the pre-war size would barely
fill the gap, Dean Stason pointed out.
Viewing with alarm expanded en-
rollment in his own and other law
schools, Columbia University's Dean
Young B. Smith said last week that,
". the professional schools ought
not to train more than the profession
can absorb. (A glut of lawyers)
creates unemployment and frustrat-
ed desires . . . It would be mistaken
patriotism to train too many . . . A
disappointed lawyer is just smart
enough to make trouble for everybody.,
He is likely to become a sourbelly
and a revolutionary."
Dean Stason pointed to increased
opportunities for lawyers, however.
"The ever increasing complexity of
current business and government le-
gal affairs has materially increased
placement opportunities and assured
that larger graduating classes will
readily be absorbed in active prac-
tice," Dean Stason stated. "The grand
total of. legal problems demanding
solution is greater than ever before
and is growing every year", he said.
The University law school like all
other American law schools is "inun-
dated with veterans", Dean Stason
said. Limitations on available housing
have made it impossible "to accom-
modate all who wish to enroll". "All
properly qualified Michigan residents
are being accepted by the inw school,
but there is no room for many hund-
reds of highly qualified non-residents
of the state", he said.
Michigan, Cornell, Columbia, and
other law schools which previously
admitted approximately one out of
every two applicants have been forced
to reject three out of every four.
State Vet Bonus
To. Be Financed'
By Bond Issuej
LANSING, . July 10-(P)-Legis-,
lation providing for a popular vote
next November on a $270,000,000 bond
issue to pay World War II veterans
a bonus went through the House of
Representatives today while in the
Senate 60-day emergency rent mor-
atorium bill passed and went to the
The Representatives approved the
bonus by a vote of 87 to 1.
The one vote against the bonus,
legislation was by Rep. Lewis G.
Christman of Ann Arbor who said
the issue was "ill conceived, not ,
timely, and has not been thoroughly
investigated or discussed."
The Senate vote on the rent mor-
atorium, limited to those areas where
OPA rent controls were previously in
effect, was 23 to 5.
As finally passed, the House reso-
lution provided for a $500 maximum
payment to every ex-serviceman or
woman on the. basis of $10 monthly
for domestic and $15 monthly for
Maximum to Beneficiancies
Payment would be made for ser-
vice between Sept. 16, 1940, and June
30, 1946, and the beneficiaries of de-
ceased soldiers or sailors would re-
ceive the maximum payment.
The House defeated two attempts
by Rep. James B. Stanley, Kalama-
zoo Republican, to write into the
measure some method of financing
the bond issue.
First, Stanley proposed that one-
fourth of sales tax receipts be set
aside to retire the bond. They drew
only four votes.
UNRR A Suspends
Shipments to Chin
NANKING, July 10-- (A") - China,
faced a new crisis today, that of sus-
if and when it is revived.
PROF. ARTHUR W. BROMAGE
of the Political Science Department
who will speak on "Total War and
the Presrvatiara of Democracy" at
4:10 p.m. today.
"Total War and the Preservation
of Democr'acy" will be discussed by
Prof. Arthur W. Bromage, of the
political science department in the
first of the summer lecture series
at 4:10 p.m. today in Rackham Am-
Prof. H. R. Crane, of the phy-
sics department, will speak on "Re-
cent Advances in the Physical Sci-
ences" at 8:10 p.m. today. Ralph
Barton Perry, professor of philos-
ophy at Harvard University, will lec-
ture on "What Is the Good of Sci-
ence" at 8:10 p.m. tomorrow in the
Rackham Lecture Hall.
0 i Exchange,
Committees to plan the Student
Book Exchange and to set up a series
of pre-football game pep rallies in
the fall were established, yesterday by
the second summer term meeting of
Hank Kassis, chairman of the Book
Exchange Committee said that the
Exchange will begin operationnthe
first day of the fall term to enable
students to buy and sell used books
at nominal rates.
Kassis stressed that this is a pro-
ject of major importance to the stu-
dents and will require "a great deal
of support" from the student body.
He asked that all students interested
in working on this committee, partic-
ularly those who have worked in
previous years, contact him at 6284
this week. The committee will meet
next week to make plans for the fall
and to select a salaried manager and
cashier for the Exchange.
The "Varsity" Committee, headed
by "Wink" Jaffee and Lynne Ford
will also meet next week to make
arrangements for at least three pep
rallies next fall. Students interested
in any phase of the pep rallies can
contact Lynne Ford at 5663.
The Legislature's Charity Drive
Committee headed by Lou Orlin is to
make a survey this week of the var-
ious fund-raising programs now in
effect on campus.
A couple of hours earlier the Sen-
ate had- adopted a similar exemption
for cottonseed, soy beans and pro-
ducts made from them. That vote
was 42 to 34.
Livestock Goes Off
Livestock, meat and poultry con-
trols came out of the bill yesterday
by a 49 to 26 rollcall.
Majority leader Barkley (Dem.-
Ky.) led the successful battle against
the grains amendment tonight by as-
serting that it would affect the price
of bread and other foods on every
But other attempts to write ex-
emptions into the measure were in
the offing. A number of senators
wanted specific decontrols on tobacco,
gasoline and petroleum.
Eighteen Democrats balloted to bar
controls over milk and its products.
The only Republican who voted with
Barkley was Senator Revercomb of
Barkley declined to express an opin-
ion as to whether President Truman
would reject a measure loaded down
with specific decontrols. But Mr.
Truman gave strong hint of his atti-
tude June 20, when he vetoed the
first price control extension bill.
President May Veto
Barkley warned there would "be
nothing left" to the price control leg-
islation "except plastic and metals"
if the Senate exempts broad classes
Senator McMahon (Dem.-Conn.),
supporting Barkley, observed that the
Senate was "rapidly writing a bill
that the President can do nothing
British Jewish Policy
DETROIT, July 1-(M)-Earl G.
Harrison, who was named last year
by President Truman to investigate
conditions of misplaced persons
abroad, said tonight this nation has
not carried out the President's De-
cember directive for admission of a
full quota of European refugees.
Harrison, speaking before the 78th
annual convention of B'nai B'rith
district Grand Lodge No. 6, also
assailed Great Britain for failing to
permit 100,000 Jewish refugees to
"I wish President Truman could
find time to call for a report on why
progress in carrying out his directive
has been so slow. I say with utmost
confidence we could have done bet-
ter," Harrison said.
He continued, "The thing that dis-
turbs me, as I know it disturbs others
here, is wondering whether here
again, there is not a determined re-
sistance to doing the right thing."
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 10-Administration forces scored their first major
victory in the battle to reinstate price controls tonight when the Senate
rejected, 40 to 32, a proposal to exempt all grains from price ceilings.
Previous voting lines split apart as the Senate rejected the grain amend-
ment, offered by Republican Senator Reed from the important wheat pro-
ducing State of Kansas.
Previously the chamber had tied a veto invitation to the OPA revival
bill by voting 51 to 27 to exempt milk and dairy products from price control
Army Will Need
Over '39 Force Urged
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON,' July 10 - Gen.
Dwight D. Eisenhower believes the
United States must maintain an army
of approximately 800,000 men for the
next 15 to 20 years, compared with
188,000 in 1939.
He expressed that belief today to
the House Military Committee as he
pleaded for prompt approval of legis-
lation permitting a doubling of the
officer personnel of the regular army
-from 25,000 to 50,000.
Committee Approves Bill
The committee approved the bill,
already passed by the Senate.
"I can see no possibility in the
next 15 to 20 years" of the army's
going below 800,000 men, the chief
of staff told the committee.
That figure, he explained, would
result from a gradual tapering off
from the 1,070,000 officers and men
expected to be in uniform on July 1,
Half for Air Forces .
Half of the 800,000, he estimated,
would be in the air forces,
To direct such an army, Eisenhow-
er estimated, will require 80,000 of-
ficers, of whom 50,000 would be regu-
lars, 27,500 would be assigned to the
airforces, 11,000 to ground forces and
11,500 to the service forces.
Must Rise From Ranks
Many of the new officers, Eisen-
hower said, would be products of the
ROTC and officer candidate schools.
He asserted his belief that every op-
portunity should be given to men to
rise from the ranks and become offi-
cers. Only in that way, he declared,
can the army be truly democratic.
The general said he does not be-
lieve the West Point Military Acade-
my should be enlarged to provide all
the additional officers.
Ma y 'Influence'
Aid for Illinois Group'
WASHINGTON, July 10 - () -
Brig. Gen. Roswell Hardy testified to-
day that Chairman May (Dem-Ky)
of the House Military Committee ex-
erted "influence" on behalf of an
Illinois munitions combine but that
the Congressman sought only an
"equal opportunity"- for it with other
Hardy, wartime chief of the Ord-
nance Depar.tment's Ammunition Di-
vision, told the Senate War Investi-
gating Committee that May had in-
tervened on several occasions on be-
half of Batavia Metal Products Com-
pany, a dominant concern in what
Chairman Mead (Dem.-N.. has
termed a "sprawling paper empire."
In response to a question from
Senator Ferguson (Rep. - Mich.),
Hardy said he knew of no occasion
when My had sought more than an
Under Ferguson's pressing exami-
nation, Hardy related that he be-
came aware that "outside influence"
was being exercised in behalf of Ba-
tavia in late 1944 or early 1945, and
that it was "generally known" in the
Hardy's testimony was the second
reference to May during the day. His
account of May's activities was cut
short by summons to committee mem-
bers to the Senate floor for OPA roll-
Meat, Milk Exempt;
Others May Follow
GRAIN OUTLOOK GOOD:
Near Record Crops Indicated
By Dept. of Agriculture Survey
Russia Tries To Bar Canada
From Atomic Energy Talks'
WASHINGTON, July 10--(A)-A
record corn crop and near record
crops of wheat, oats, potatoes and
rice were indicated by a govern-
ment report today which said this
year's farm production outlook has
seldom been surpassed.
The condition of all crops on July
1 was the best in seven years ex-
cept for 1942. The combined acreage
of all crops has been exceeded since
1932 only in the past three years.
Further, the indicated yields per acre
of most crops are above average.
Perhaps the brightest part of the
report was the forecast for grain,
for supplies have been reduced to
dangerously low levels by exports to
341,646,000 bushels, compared with
the previous record of 3,228,000.000
in 1944. Last year's crop was 3,018,-
410,000 and production for the ten
year (1935-44) average was 2,608,-
The wheat crop was indicated at
1,090,092,000 bushels, compared with
1,033,000,000 forecast in mid-June,
a record of 1,123,143,000 produced
last year, and a ten-year average of
843,692,000. Despite the bumper crop,
wheat will be insufficient to meet
both unrestricted domestic demands
and foreign commitments for the
The winter wheat crop was put at
NEW YORK, July 10-(P)-Soviet
Russia sought unsuccessfully by in-
voking the veto today to bar Cana-
da, one of the nations which helped
build the atomic bomb, from taking
part in discussions of atomic energy
questions in the United Nations Se-
Canada's tenure at the council
table might be temporary, however,
for Soviet delegate Andrei A. Grom-
yko reserved his right to raise the
question again. He did not choose
to carry his stand on the veto to
the showdown stage at this meeting.
V. Evatt of Australia, chairman of
the Atomic Energy Commission, pro-
posed formally that Canada be in-
vited to sit with the council in dis-
cussions on atomic matters but
without a vote.
Gromyko, who invoked the veto
three times at the last council meet-
ing on the Spanish question, im-
mediately objected. He said it was
a new question requiring time for
study and asked that it be post-
Dr. Castillo Najera, council chair-