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August 15, 1946 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1946-08-15

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Fifty-Sixth Year

Sto (leCwi*tor




Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of 8tudent Publications.I
Editorial Staff .- .
Managing Editors .. Paul Harsha, Milton Freudenheim
City News ............................. Olyde Recht
University ............................ Natalie BagroW'
Sports ....... ............................ Jack Martin
Women's ............................... Lynne Ford
Business Staff
Business Manager ........................ Janet Cork
Telephone 23-241
Member of The-Associated Press
2hU Associated Prees is exclusively entitled to the us
forre-pulilication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newpaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
SEntered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, -
second-class 'zxxuimatter.
Subscription during the regular school year by Car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
n'ember, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945.46
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
Editorials published is The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writer only.
sPee Treaty
IJNLESS THE STATESMEN of the twenty-one
victorious United Nations who are now draft-
ing the peace treaty take fully into account the
lessons of the last two world wars and write a
modern peace treaty adapted to the twentieth
century, to the atomic' age and to the existence
of the United Nations Organization, the Paris
peace treaty will suffer the same fate as that of
Versailles and what little remains of humanity
will have to start its task all over again.
While writing the conditions for the new
world, they must consider that the second in-
dustrial revolution is sweeping the earth; rec-
ognize the fact that the mastery of atomic en-
ergy, if not properly integrated into a system of
progressive political stability, may destroy the
world; and realize that the United Nations
Organization cannot live unless the principles
of its Charter are their Bible. In other words,
the Paris Peace Treaty must not resemble the
Versailles Treaty, or other treaties of the past,
all of which were fifty years or more behind
the times-it must be a truly twentieth cen-
T*e twenty-one victorious nations can write a
peace treaty which may truly be the founda-
tion of a new permanent system of world co-
operation'if they objectively examine the reasons
for political instability in the defeated nations;
go to the roots of their economic difficulties; try
to solve them within the framework of interna-
tional planning in the UN; and hand out at the
same time firm decisions where chauvinism
must be punished and destroyed, but also be
generous where the fate of the common people
is concerned. Such a peace treaty will reflect
the spirit of the Charter of the UN, and the re-
sults achieved at the Paris Peace Conference
will be capable of integration with the structure
of the new world organization.
The peace treaty must be more of an educa-
tional instrument than a repressive or military
one. It must confer upon the United Nations,
upon UNESCO, or upon a permanent body of
the Peace Conference working within the
framew6rk of the UN, the task of teaching the
defeated nations the elementary laws of so-
cial science; educate the necessary adminis-
trative and governing personnel; inspire the
political forces of those countries with the
best achievements of the victorious natons;
and bring about social reforms which .have
been overdue for centuries.
It must be like a revolutionary manifesto of

the triumphant UN principles against the fas-
cist, semi-fascist and militaristic elements
which have controlled these countries for so
many years. Every decent citizen of these na-
tions, every farmer and worker, every true in-
tellectual must feel that the peace treaty is an
instrument of liberation, and not of enslave-
ment, for him; he must realize that the promises
of a better life, which the Allies had solemnly
made to their people during the war are being
The peace treaty must put an end to the tra-
gic cycle of human history: war, defeat, agita-
tion; agitation against conditions of previous
peace treaties, and again war; must break up
the endless chainhof the elements of hatred
wflhic.h have brought so much sorrow upon hu-

'Post' Wisdom
To the Editor:
I should like to submit for the consideration of
your readers the following riddle from the editor-
ial page of the Saturday Evening Post.
"For some time now we've been puzzled by
this human phenomenon: So many of the
people who fight fiercely and relentlessly for
the principle of a square shake for the com-
mon man apparently have no other principles
at all."
For those of us who hate Communism with a
passion, loathe the philosophy behind Social-
THIS COLUMN stated on August 3 that wage
increases need not be inflationary unless they
made necessary an increase in the retail prices
charged by the manufacturers. The column fur-
ther contended that certain industries, having
both large past profits and the expectation of
large future profits, could well afford to grant
wage incr'eases without raising the retail price
of their products.
This above-mentioned column has been cri-
ticized by George A. Elgass and Ken Herring.
Mr. Elgass states: "Undoubtedly it is true that
some large industries are making excessive
profits and could absorb a large increase in la-
bor costs without raising prices, but this is not
the situation for industry as a whole." My col-
umn stated: "It Was the contention of the un-
ions that the expected profits of the companies
were sufficiently large to permit them to grant
wage increases without raising prices at all
In certain industries this contention of the un-
ions might have been without foundation. But
certain other industries certainly could have
granted wage increases without increasing the
price of their products."
Mr. Elgass' statement would seem to clearly
agree with mine. He has conceded the main
point in my. column, which was that certain
industries could pay higher wages without
raising prices. I make no pretense to know
what is true of "inustry as a whole," men-
tioned by Mr. Elgass. I'm not sure what his
phrase means, since financial position and
ability will vary among companies and in-
dustries. Any attempt to know the truth for
"industry as a whole" would require a more ex-
tensive survey than any that I have made, and
perhaps more extensive than Mr. Elgass has
Mr. Elgass also accuses me of attempting to
mislead when I state: "For instance, only $8
in wages is paid to the labor used in making a
$150 piece of farm equipment." He states that
wages must also be paid to the men who mine
the ore, produce the metal, and to those involved
in distribution. His statement is true, but these
wages are not paid by the manufacturer of farm
equipment. A wage increase granted by a farm
equipment producer would clearly not raise the
wages of a steel-worker, or a miner, or a retail
employe. I wish to repeat that the sole labor
costs to a producer of this piece of farm equip-
ment are $8.-
Mr. Elgass was concerned that I had not
named the type of farm equipment. It was a
tractor plow; the retail price was $156; and the
costs of labor to the producer were $8. The data
can be found in the Dec. 7, 1945 issue of FE
News, organ of'the Farm Equipment Union.
Using figures compiled by the Federal Trade
Commission, the Farm Equipment Union has
here compiled a breakdown of the retail price
on 24 different types of farm equipment. For
these 24 implements, 8% of the retail price is
labor costs; 15.9% is manufacturer's profit; and
21% is dealers' profit. A 30% wage increase in
this industry would mean a 2.4% increase in
the cost of production. With such profits as
those cited, it seems reasonable to say that this
industry could afford to pay a 30% wage increase.
Mr. Herring criticizes me for ignoring the
$120 million loss suffered by General Motors in
the first three months of this year. If Mr.
Herring investigates, he will find that not one

cent of this $120 loss will be paid by GM. The
Federil tax laws today guarantee to every
manufacturer a rate of profit equal to his
average profit for .the 1936-39 period. Thus
GM will be refunded that $120 million "loss"
taxes which it paid during the war. Mr. Herr-
ing has himself lieen misled by the very pro-
paganda which he so fears he will find in my
Mr. Herring avows his trust in "intelligent
government action." I fear that little govern-
ment action today is intelligent. When Congress
shredded OPA; filibustered the FEPC and the
anti-poll tax bills to death; and exempted the
railroads from the anti-trust laws, it was
scarcely being intelligent. It was not being in-
telligent when it guaranteed a profit to Gen-
eral Motors, and thus made it possible for this
financial giant to prolong a strike for nearly
four months in order to further its own union-
-Ray Ginger
busting aims.

ism, believe most union leaders should be ridden
on a rail, are suspicious of MYDA, and think
Ray Ginger is off his bean, I believe the above
has interesting connotations.
-Jack Shockley
Dog Pound
To the Editor:
Daily concerning the usability of the Uni-
versity Library gave me heart to write about
a 'public nuisance which is maintained on the
center of campus and which makes graduate
reading rooms two and four completely unsuited
for concentrated reading. I refer to the dog
pound maintained by the College of Pharmacy.'
Timing myself with a watch, I discover that
because of the incessant howling of what sound
to be hundreds of unfed dogs, I read 10 per cent
slower in the graduate reading rooms than I do
in my own home. If this is typical, it means that
silencing the dogs would give the average grad-
uate student enough extra time to study thor-
oughly the Basic Works of Aristotle or some
equivalent volume during each year's work.
To dissociate myself from the carping criti-
cism which might be inspired on this subject by
the Anti-Vivisection League, I am ready with
several friendly suggestions. If the pharmacolo-
gists will ask their druggist, I am sure he will
recommend several brands of inexpensive dog
food guaranteed to produce happy dogs. If this
does not quiet the dogs, the pharmacologists
would perform a great public service by limiting
their experiments to rabbits which make only
the slightest noise. If all else fails, arrangements
might be made to move the College of Pharma-
cy to Willow Village and to turn the present
building into a veterans' housing project.
-J A. Sessions
To the Editor:
''OUR NEGROES were killed in Monroe, Geor-
gia on July 25th by a lynch gang. No sus-
pects have been arrested although Walter White,
Secretary of NAACP, gave the names of six per-
sons linked with the murders to Attorney Gener-
al Tom Clark over two weeks ago. It would
seem that the FBI with its reputation for effcien-
cy might by this time have tracked down the
The killings are a part of a growing pattern
of terrorism against Negroes to prevent them
from using the ballot. Any successes which
Talmadge, Bilbo and their fellow Klansmen
enjoy as a result of this use of violence will
affect not only democratic gains in the South,
but weaken the fight for democracy through-
out the country.
As veterans we wish to express our determin-
ation to fight for the protection of the funda-
mental rights for which Negro and white have
fought and died. As citizens we wish to see ra-
pid prosecution of those who seek to subvert the
constitutional basis upoh which our government
is founded. The press of the nation has given
altogether too little space to this grave issue.
It is for this reason that we urge all readers
of The Michigan Daily to write to Attorney
General Clark and demand immediate action.
-Allen D. Weaver, Chairman
Willow Run Chapter
American Veterans Committee
If the reaction of an audience is any indication
of worth, the final offering of the Michigan
Repertory Players is a success.
Produced in conjunction with the School of
Music and the University Orchastra, "The Bar-
tered Bride" by Bedrich Smetana offers generoud
possibilities to the production staff and orches-
tra as well as the cast. These possibilities were
well-exploited last night, almost to the point of
The orchestra, so important as integrator and
co-ordinator in the total efforts of the company,
performed its task well. Handicapped by a
somewhat limited range of dynamics, the or-
chestra under the enthusiastic leadership of

Thor Johnson, managed nevertheless to sustain
the spirit and rhythm of the music to a high
degree. The string section, as usual, was par-
ticularly outstanding.
As for the cast, the audience last night seemed
to be almost completely captivated by the half-
witted stutterer Vasek, played by Robert Hol-
land, who spoiled his performance somewhat by
repeating the same facial expressions beyond the
point of effectiveness.
The portrayals of the leading characters,
Marie and Jenik, by Mary Jane Albright and
Charles Matheson respectively, although per-
formed with a high degree of musical prci;
ficiency, were marred by stiffness and exagger-
This same intensity was noted in the chorus,
which left nothing to be desired from tom,
standpoint of musical performance, but whose
musical-comedy mannerisms proved to be more
annoying than helpful in a total appreciation
of the production.
-Natalie Bagrow

Im. Ro,, 5, SPat. Offt-AM right s.,..8 "3 t w1 'yt

The winds of power politics blow
good to some. Last week the bene-
ficiary, long persecuted in the Moslem
world, was Christianity's eldest
daughter, Armenia. The benefactor
was atheistic Russia.
Two fast Rusian ships, packed
tight as troop transports with tens
of thousands of Armenians, have been
shuttling for the last three months
from Mediterranean ports through
the Dardanelles toward Russia. One
of the ships, the former Italian
liner Saturnia (rechristened Rossia),
brought gasps from disconsolate
Turkish citizens on Istanbul's docks;
it was the biggest vessel ever to pass
through the Bosporus.
Russian consulates throughout the
Middle East had opened their doors
to Armenian refugees, romised them
homes near Erivan, capital of the
Armenian Soviet Socialistic Republic.
Workers, poor students, intellectuals
responded quickly. By the end of
1945, 20,00 had applied in Iran, 35,-
000 in Syria and Lebanon, thousands
more in Greece, Egypt and Palestine.
... after World War I the Armen-
ians had turned tired but hopeful
eyes to the Western powers to sup-
port their plea for a sovereign, free
Armenian nation. But at Versailles
their dream faded, while the Turks
"regulated the Armenian question"
by killing over 1,000,000.
Russia grabbed the chance the
West had fumbled . . .




Publication in The Daily Official Bul-
letiis constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the office of the Summer Ses-
sion, Room 1213 Angell Hall by 3:30 p.m.
on the day preceding publication (11:00
a.m. Saturdays).
VOL. LVI, No. 31S



All Public Law 16 Veterans (pen-
sion) who have not had their final
summer interview with their Vet-
erans Administration Training Of-
ficer should appear at Room 100
Rackham Building between the dates
of August 12th and 16th.
Students having lockers at the In-
tramural Sports Building should va-
cate lockers and apply for refunds
prior to August 24. The building will
be closed during the period Aug'ust
26-September 16.
Graduate Student Council will meet
at the Rackham Building, Monday,
4ugust 19 at 7:30 p.m. It is request-
ed that all members be present.
Manuscripts for the Summer Hop-
wood Contest must be in the Hop-
wood Room, 3227 Angell Hal.l, by
4:30 p.m. this Friday.
German Departmental Library
books are due in the departmental
office by August .16 regardless of a
later date due stamped in the book.
State of Washington Civil Service
Announcements have been received
in this office for positions in:
1. Personnel
2. Social Service
3. Health
4. Clerical
For further information, call at
the Bureau of Appointments, 201
Mason Hall.
The Motion Picture Project of the
Library of Congress has openings for
students who have received special
training in motion picture program
or graduate students now receiving
special, training. For information
concerning the positions open and for
further details, call at the Bureau of
Appointments, 201 Mason Hall.
Open house at West Court, Willow
Village, Saturday night, Aug. 17-
dancing, bridge, ping pong from 8
to 11:30.
The Chicago and Southern Airlines,
Inc., are now taking applications for
the September training class for
stewardesses. Any girls who are in-
terested in stewardess training for
the airlines should call at the Bur-
eau of Appointments, 201 Mason Hall.
Professor Y. R. Cliao, of Harvard
University, will give a lecture under
the auspices of the Linguistic Insti-
tute, on Thursday, Aug. 15, at 1:00
p.m. in Rm. 308 of the Michigan
Union. His subject will be: "Chinese
Writing." The public is cordially in-
Lecture: John M. Trytten, Asist-
ant Professor of Commercial Edu-
cation on Thursday, Aug. 15 at 4:05
p.m. in the University High School
By Crockett Johnson

Auditorium. The topic will be "Op-
portunities for Teachers of Business
Subjects." The public is cordially in-
Hayward Keniston, Professor of
Romance Languages and Dean of the
College of Literature, Science and the
Arts will give a lecture on Thursday,
Aug. 15 at 4:10 pmn, in the Rackham
Amphitheatre. The topic will be "The
Humanities in a Scientific World."
The public is cordially invited to at-
Lecture: Byron 0. Hughes, Assist-
ant Professor of Education on Fri-
day, Aug. 16 at 4:05 p.m. The topic
will be "Growth and Educational
Nurture of Children." It will be
in the University High School Audi-
Lecture: Arthur H. Compton, Chan-
cellor of Washington University, on
Fr'iday, Aug. 16 at 8:10 p.m. in the
Rackham Lecture Hall. The topic
will be "Atomic Energy, A Human
Asset." The public is cordially in-
vited to attend.
Television Symposium. G. Emerson
Markham, Manager, Television Sta-
tion WRGB, Schenectady, New York;
auspices of the Department of Speech.
Helen T. Rhodes, producer, Television
Station WRGB; Lewis N. Holland,
Associate Professor of Electrical En-
gineering, Friday, Aug. 16, 10:00 a.m.
to 12:00 m., Rackham Lecture Hall.
Hearing Prolems. H. Harlan
Bloomer, Director of Speech Clinic.
Friday, Aug. 16, 1:30 to 3:00 p n.,
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Lecture: William Haber, Professor
of Economics, on Thursday, Aug. 15
at 8:10 p.m. in the Rackham Am-
phitheatre. The topic will be "Se-
curity and Freedom."
Academic Notices
Recommendations for Departmen-
tal Honors: Teach departments
wishing to recommend tentative
August graduates from the College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts, and
the Schoo) of Education for depart-
mental honors, should recommend
such students in a letter, sent to the
Registrar's Office, Room 4 University
Hall, by noon August 31.
Attention August Graduates: Col-
lege of Literature, Science, and the
Arts, School of Education, School of
Music, School of Public Health:
Students are advised not to request
grades of I or X in August. When
such grades acre absolutely imper-
ative, the work must be made up in
time to allow your instructor to re-
port the make-up grade not later
than noon, August 31. Grades re-
ceived after that time may defer the
student's graduation until a later
Doctoral Examination for Elaine
Elizabeth McDavitt, Speech; thesis:
"A History of the Theatre in Detroit,
Michigan from its Beginnings -to
1862," Thursday, Aug. 15, at 2:00
p.m. in the East Coun cil,;Room, Rack-
ham. Chairman, L. M. Eich.
Doctoral Examination for Leo John
Alunas, Education; thesis: "Genesis
of the Social Studies Movement in
American Secondary Education," on
Thursday, Aug. 15, at 7:30 p.m. in
the East Council Room, Rackham.
Chairman, O. W. Stephenson.
Math 347: Seminar in Applied
Mathematics. The final meeting this

Student Recital. Composition class,
Thursday, August- 15, 4:15 p.m.,
Rackham Assembly Hall.
Student Recital: On Friday after-
noon, August 16, at 2:00 in Harris
Hall there will be a wind instrument
program, assisted by Beatrice Gaal,
Marvin Bostrum and Mildred Min-
neman Andrews, pianists. The reci-
tal, sponsored by the Kappa Kappa
Psi Fraternity, will include selectionis
by Mozart, Haydn, Ewald, and Fire-
The public ,is cordially invited.
Carillon Recital- Thursday eve-
ning, Aug. 15 at 7:15 Percival Price,
University Carillonneur, will present
a recital on the Charles Baird Caril-
lon in Burton Memorial Tower. His
program will include the following-'
selections: Old Antwerp carillon
music, Sonata for 47 bells by Profes-
sor Price, and a group of popular
airs. His next recital will be present-
ed on Sunday afternoon at 3 p.m.
Events Today
Operetta. "The Bartered Bride,"
by Bedrich Smetana. Michigan Re-
pertory Players, Department of
Speech, in conjunction with the
School of Music today, Fridax, Sat-
urday, and Monday, Aug. 19, 8.30
p.m., Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
French Tea: There will be a French
formal Tea, 4:30 to 6:00 p.m., Thurs-
day, August 15. Foreign students and
their friends cordially invited.
French Tea: The last French Tea
of the Summer Session will take place
today at 4 p.m. at the International
International Center: Weekly In-
formal Tea, today, 4:30 to 6 p.m.
Foreign students and their friends
cordially invited.
Lutheran Student Association -
Open House on Thursday evening,
Aug. 15, from 8:00-10:30, at the
Center, 1304 Hill Street.
Coming Events
The last Fresh Air Camp Clinic of
the season will be held at Patterson
Lake, Main Lodge, 8:00 p.m. Friday,
August 16. Data from play therapy
and various psychological tests will
be presented in the discussion of the
case. Miss Pauline Gallob, Psychia-
tric Social Worker from Michigan
Children's Institute, will be the dis-
Visitors' Night will be held at the
main Observatory, located on the
corner of East Ann and Observatory
Streets, Friday, ,Aug. 16, from 8:30
to 10:30 p.m. Star clusters, Venus,
Jupiter and nebulae, will be shown
if the night is clear. Children must
be accompanied by adults.
Lutheran Student Association-On
Sunday afternoon at 4:00 the Luther-
an Student Association will meet at
Zion Lutheran Parish Hall and leave
from there for the home of Edith Ols-
son, Dexter Avenue, for a picnic sup-
per and short devotional service.
The regular meeting of the Uni-
versity Women's Veterans Associa-
tion will be held at 7:00 p.m. Mon-
day, Aug. 19, at the Michigan League.
Plans for the fall program will be
discussed, and all interested women
veterans are urged to attend.
Perennial Gift





I'm happy to report, m'boy, that the vote
was unanimous. The Little Men's Chowder

There was a parliamentary
shenanigan. A rider to the

Unless this condition is met,1
we'll be forced to withdrawI


/'ll wait for his answer.




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