See Page 2
VOL. LVI, No. 1Si ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, AUGUST 15, 1946_
PRICE FIVE CENTS
For Support of UN
Collective Action Against War, Outlaw
Of Atom Bomb, Urged in V-J Day Talk
By WILL HARDY
The nations of the world must depend upon the United Nations as the
only means by which atomic warfare can be outlawed and international
peace secured for future generations, Sen. Arthur H. Vandenberg said in a
Victory Day address before 2,500 persons at Ferry Field yesterday afternoon.
Warning that the next war may
last only a matter of minutes, he de-
"We must collectively prepare
against war itself so far as human
wisdom and organized precaution can
drive this supreme scourge from the
lives of men. If the war comes in
spite of us, it will then be foredoomed.
"I would; have my country, as a
matter of enlightened self-concern,
give the utter fullness of its heart
and soul and strength to the magnifi-
cent adventure upon which the Uni-
ted Nations are embarked."
Can't Ignore 'Realities'
He pointed out two "realities"
which he maintained the people of
the United States could not ignore.
1. No nation can isolate and answer
the question of its national security
within its own resources;
2. Atomic warfare "must be out-
He maintained that through a per-
fected United Nations, control of the
SEN. ARTHUR VANDENBERG
. who urged UN support in an
address at Ferry Field yesterday.
escapes In jury
In Auto Crash
YONKE1 S, N.Y., Aug. 14-()-
Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, wife of the
late President, today escaped injury
in an automobile accident in which
her car and two others were involved
However, Mrs. Roosevelt's car,
which police - said she was driving,
was oe ba4d aiaged Atocoud not be
driven aw0y from the scene of the
accident, 'which was on Sawmill Ri-
ver Parkway at Palmer Avenue.
Three people were hospitalized, in-
cluding Mrs. Gertrude Jones, iden-
tified by police as an employe of Mrs.
The other two injured persons were
said to be occupants of the other cars
involved in the crash.
Another of the automobiles was so
badly damaged it could not be driven
away, police said.
Police said Mrs. Roosevelt was
driving her car from Poughkeepsie,
N.Y., toward New York City when
the collision occurred.
Police identified the driver of one
of the other cars as Albert Brooks
of Brooklyn, New York.
Mrs. Roosevelt, stood by as Mrs.
Jones was placed in an ambulance, to
be taken to a hospital at Yonkers.
Driver of the other car was not
Dr. George Shadle, who examined
Mrs. Jones, said she was suffering
from contusions and bruises and
would be kept at the hospital for ob-
Dean Iayward Keniston, of the
literary college, will speak on "The
Humanities in a Scientific World"
at 4:10 p.m. today in Rackham Am-
Prof. William Haber, of the eco-
nomics department, who was origin-
ally; scheduled to lecture yesterday
wit discuss "Security and Freedom'
at 8:10 p.m. today in Rackham Am-
phitheatre. The lecture was changed
in order not to interfere with the Ann
Arbor Victory Day Celebration.
The final lecture of the summer
session will be delivered by Dr. Ar-
thur H. Compton, chancellor of
Washington University in St. Louis,
at 8:10 p.m. tomorrow on "Atomic
Energy, A Human Asset" in Rack-
ham Lecture Hall.
Attacked in UN
NEW YORK, Aug. 14-(I)-Pol-
and demanded today that Transjor-
Rent Raises Slated
For Other Units
Only seventy league houses will be
available to women students this fall
partly because of the University
building program which has neces-
sitated the demolition of several
houses, Mary C. Bromage, assistant
dean of women in charge of sup-
plementary housing has revealed.
An added factor in the reduction
of seventy as against last semester's
listing of ninety supplementaryhous-
ing units for women has been the
return of a number of fraternity
houses to their owners, Dean Bromage
Schedule Rent Raise
A rent raise is scheduled for most
of the seventy league houses with
the opening of the fall semester.
The rent boost, she explained, is
based on the increased length of the
semester from 17 to 21 weeks in ac-
cordance with the University's re-
turn to a peace-time schedule.
"League house prices and standards
are set by the Office of the Dean of
Women," she said, pointing out that
the University has a ,rent ceiling
which it maintains with or without
the assistance of the OPA.
Open Houses Inspected
Representatives from her office
make regular inspections of all league
houses, she emphasized, accompanied
by a sanitarian from the Health
The Office of the Dean of Women
includes not only league houses in its
list of supplementary housing but
sorority annexes, graduate houses,
and Inter-Cooperative Council hous-
ing rooms in the League and in
private homes where students pay or
work for their rooms, she explained.
Expand League Accomodations
This fall they plan to room 25
girls in League where they only plac-
ed 20 last year.
The office has acquired a dormi-
tory across' from the West Lodge
.ommunity Center which will.1old
only women veterans. The pur-
pose of the dormitory is to leave the
apartments at Willow Village for
See HOUSING, Page 4
WASHINGTON, Aug. 14-(P)-A
House committee today threatened
contempt proceedings against Ben-
jamin F. Fields, broker in surplus
government propertykafter he pro-
duced only a single notebook sheet
in response to a subpoena for the
records ofhavdeal in wire screening.
"We'll have a showdown tomor-
row," Chairman Slaughter (Dem.,
Mo.) of the Surplus Property Com-
mittee declared. He told Fields and
Ted R. Strom, a public accountant
who said he made out Fields' tax
reports, that he expected Fields to ap-
pear then with additional data.
Greece Contests Bulgarian Claim
'U' Scientists Effective
Discussing the "Vandenberg
Amendment" to the domestic
atomic energy control bill passed
by Congress, Sen. Vandenberg re-,
vealed in his address yesterday
that "pressure" from scientists had
caused him to change his position
to favor an all-civilian control
"I heard from nowhere more ve-
hemently than from Ann Arbor,"
-He referred to insistent demands
of the Association of the University
of Michigan Scientists that no-mil-
itary men be allowed on the com-
atomic bomb will be possible, provid-
ed there is sincere cooperation from
Russia. He mentioned the Soviet
government directly only twice dur-
ing his speech, but made frequent in-
direct references to Russia's activity.
Good Will Shown
Sen. Vandenberg described our of-
fer to share the atomic bomb manu-
facturing secrets as a "display of in-
ternational good will and good faith
beyond' any remote precedent or
See VANDENBERG, Page 4
Leave Pay Delayed
Terminal leave pay for former
enlisted service personnel will not
be immediately forthcoming,f it
Oswald Koch, Ann Arbor post-
master announced that the appli-
cation forms which are to be dis-
tributed through the post office
are not expected to be ready for
four to six weeks.
Nations Line Up
Hungary Pleads For
Lenient Peace Terms
By The Associated Press
PARIS, Aug. 14-Bulgaria appealed
to the 21-nation peace conference
today for the return of western
Thrace fromGreece, and drew a
stinging reply, from, the Greeks
branding her as a criminaL nation for
whom the proposed treaty draft al-
ready was too lenient.
The Ukranian Soviet Republic im-
mediately supported #ulgaria's claim
to the territory ceded to Greece after
World War I, and charged that Greek'
policy was "instigated from abroad."
Poland's delegate declared Bulgaria
deserves an "indulgent peace."
Both Hungary and Bulgaria pre-
sented their cases. Like Italy and
Romania before them, each asked
for leniency and each protested
it had not aided the Nazi war ma-
chine to the extent the Germans
Janos Gyongyosi, Hungarian min-
ister of foreign affairs, admitted his
nation had "turned against the just
cause of all peoples" in the war, but
he pleaded for reparations penalties
which would strike a balance between
Hungary's current economic burdens
and her capacity to pay.
Hungary's spokesman also declared
his nation "cannot consider" that
the award by the foreign ministers
council of Transylvania to Romania
"constitutes a definite solution," and
he assailed Czechoslovakia's expul-
sion. of .650 Humigarians living
When he finished, Foreign Minister
Jan Masaryk of Czechoslovakia de-
clared that "after the astonishing
and unprecedented declaration Qf the
Hungarian delegation, the Czecho-
slovakian delegation wants to study
it and will reply tomorrow morning."
U.S. Secretary of State Byrnes,
who will relinquish the chairman-
ship of the conference tomorrow,
announced that following the de-
bate on the Hungarian statement,
the Finnish delegation, last of the
five satellite states to appear, would
present its case.
Not only did Bulgaria call for the
return of western Thrace, a narrow
strip along the northern Aegean
coast giving Greece a common fron-
tier with Turkey, but she also as-
sailed the Greek claims for a slice
of her southern frontier regions.
Bulgarian Foreign Minister George
Koulishev declared that Greek claims
encompassed a tenth of Bulgaria's
territory where there was "not one
Stung by these demands, Prem-
ier Constantin Tsaldaris, chief of the
Greek delegation, accused the Bul-
gars of "horrors" during their oc-
cupation of Greece for the Germans,
LONDON, Aug. 14-(,)-Britain,
striving to maintain her position in
the rich and strategic Middle East,
is rejecting a Soviet proposal which
would bar her warships from the
Dardanelles, and an Iranian protest
against presence of her troops in
Iraq, authoritative informants de-
A high government source said a
British note already had been dis-
patched to Iran refuting the protest
that presence of British Indian troops
at Basra, across the border from the
troubled Anglo-Iranian oilfields, en-
dangered Iran's sovereignty.
Unofficial quarters here specul-
ated that the action might mean re-
ferral of the question by Iran to the
A foreign Office spokesman said
Britain would reject a Russian pro-
posal that only Black Sea powers
control the Dardanelles. He said Bri-
tain took the stand that the 1936
General Revolt Called By Secret
SMILES IN DEFEAT .. . Sen. Robert M. LaFollette of Wisconsin,
former Progressive, manages a smile after being defeated by Joseph
R. McCarthy in the Republican senatorial primary election. LaFollette
was a veteran of 21 years in the Senate,
END OF A DYNASTY:
Wisconsin GOPTurns .Tables
Refuses LaFollette Nomination
Jdews Asked- to
Five Hurt When Mob
By The Associated Press
MILWAUKEE, Aug, 14-The La-
Follette name, which has had almost
magical vote-getting strength in Wis-
consin for more than half a century
and has resounded in the United
States Senate for 40 years, was eras-
ed at least temporarily from the poli-
tical boards today.
LaFollette Dynasty Ended
Destroyer of the LaFollette dynas-
ty, at least for the present, was a
37-year-old former Marine Corps
captain, Joseph R. McCarthy, who
came back from the wars to defeat
Robert M. LaFollette, Jr., for the
CHICAGO, - Aug. 14 - (/P) - The
American Medical Association said
today that enrollment in freshmen
classes of the country's medical
schools was shaping up to be the
smallest in 17 years and that 60
percent selected up to June for en-
trance were war veterans.
A report prepared by the AMA's
Council on Medical Education and
Hospitals and published in the cur-
rent issue of the AMA Journal said
that 4,666 students had been selected
up to June and that a survey showed
1,079 more would be chosen.
The report said also that the total
of 5,826 graduates for the 1945-46
year, final year in most schools of
accelerated programs in effect dur-
ing the war, was "the highest in
over 40 years."
Republican senatorial nomination in
Tuesday's primary election.
LaFollette, a veteran of 21 years
in the Senate, conceded his defeat
and sent the winner' a one-word
telegram which read: "Congratula-
tions." In a statement, LaFollette
declared he was "naturally disap-
pointed but I have no regrets or bit-
terness in my heart."
With only precincts missing out
of the 3,146 in the state, McCarthy
had a lead of 6,694 votes. The totals
for 3,085 precincts gave McCarthy
203,840 to LaFollette's 197,146. The
third candidate, Perry J. Stearns, a
Milwaukee attorney, had 29,312.
.LaFollotte's bid for the Republican
nomination after serving 12 as a
Progressive followecY dissolution of
the Wisconsin Progressive Party last'
Since the turn of the century Wis-
consin has had a LaFollette in the
governor's office or in the United
States Senate, and sometimes both.
Wisconsin's 83-year-old governor,
Walter S. Goodland, whose candidacy
was snubbed by the state Republican
organization, won renomination for
a third, term. On the basis of un-
official returns from 2,992 precincts,
the self-styled "tough old codger"
had a lead of 20,322 over a former
Progressive, Ralph M. Immell, who
resigned as the state's adjutant gen-
eral to become a candidate.
The party-endorsed candidate, Del-
bert A Kenny, ran third. The vote in
2,992 precincts was: Goodland, 187,-
033, Immell 166,711, Kenny 68,615.
The vote of two other candidates was
By The Associated Press
JERUSALEM, Aug. 14-A broad-
cast tonight by the clandestine radio
of Irgun Zvai Leumi, illegal Jewish
organization, called for a general
revolt of Palestine Jews and unifi-
cation of Irgun, Hagannah and the
Stern Gang, similar organizations,
into a single Jewish army,
The broadcast called also for an
"underground Jewish government"
and requested volunteers both for
the underground armY' and the pro-
The Irgun Zvai Leumi broadcast-
er declared "We must exert our every
strength against two enemies -the
British and time.
Before the clandestine radio,
heard in the Tel Aviv area, went on
the air, five Jews, were wounded in.
Haifa in a charge by policemen
swinging batons when a mob at-
tempted to break through barriers
to the closely-guarded harbor area.
The underground government is
needed, the broadcaster said, "t
guide our constant war against those
two adversaries." He added that
"no longer will we wage a war of'
retribution, but a constant war."
The Irgun broadcast was directed
to residents of the Tel Aviv area.
Listeners of the secret radio were
requested to stop paying taxes.to the
Palestine government and to turn
the money over, instead, to "the
Irgun Zvai Leumi War Fund."
The broadcast was one of the rst
yesterday's deportation by the Brit
ish of illegal Jewish immigrants froa
Palestine to the island of Cyprus.
Yesterday the Haganah radio de-
manded that Jews break the curfew
established in Haifa while the im-
migrant deportation ships were being
The broadcast broke an ominot
quiet that settled over the Holy Land
as British, Arabs and most Jews
nervously, awaited an expected flare-
up of violent extremist reaction to
the deportation of 1,000 Jews.
(The British news agency, Ex-
change Telegraph, reported from
Haifa that hundreds of Jews at-
tempted to march towards that
city's port area and were dispersed
in a baton charge of 'troops and
police. Five persons were reperted
(Strong reinforcements of soldiers-
and police blocked roads leading to
the waterfront as the march began,
the agency said.)
British Army fordes, estimated
variously at from 50,000 to 200,000
men, remained on the alert, manning
barbed wire barricades throughout
Jerusalem in a perimeter protecting
A telephoned threat to blow up
the general post office building in
Jerusalem forced evacuation of the
structure early tonight and served,
with the Irgun broadcast, to boost
tension throughout the nation.
LONDON, Aug. 14-(A)--President
Truman replied today to the pro-
posed plan for dividing Palestine in-
to four federal provinces, and au-
thoritative informants said he sug-
gested a larger Jewish zone which
would have more power In control-
ling its immigration.
A Foreign Office spokesman an-
nounced receipt of the Truman reply
following a meeting in which Bri-
tain's cabinet reaffirmed its interim
policy of shutting off the "under-
ground railway" of illegal Jewish im-
migration to the Holy Land. I
The contents of the American
President's note to Prime Minister
Atlee were not disclosed, but authori-
tative informants said it proposed an
World News at a Glance
(By The Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, Aug. 14-Chairman Mead (D-NY) today appointed
Senator Kilgore (D-WVa) as head of a Senate war investigating sub-
committee to inquire into pre-war activities of Col. Theodore Wyman, Jr.,
former army division engineer in Hawaii.
In line with a recommendation of the Senate-House Pearl Harbor In-
vestigating Committee, Mead said the group headed by Kilgore will inquire
into defense construction activities at Pearl Harbor before the Japanese
WASHINGTON, Aug. 14-OPA today announced higher ceiling prices
for coffee, beans and cotton clothing made from finer grade textiles.
It estimated the retail increases as 10 to 13 cents a pound on coffee,
one to two cents a pound on dry edible beans and from five to seven
percent on the clothing affected.
The agency disclosed a week ago that prices will go up 6 to 7 percent
on cotton garments made from basic grade textiles.
* * -* *
NEW YORK, Aug. 14-The permanent home of the United Nations
would be located in New York's Westchester County under recommendations,
made today by the U.N. Headquarters Commission.
The commission, preparing a final report for the Sept. 23 meeting of
the General Assembly, pared down its original list of 15 sites to five,
eliminating all areas in Connecticut.
These Westchester selections now go to the assembly which may pick
one of them or discard all the findings: and start looking for another
The five sites take in four towns - Harrison, Yorktown, Somers and
TANGIMERE, England, Aug. 14-A Royal Air Force pilot said he
exceeded the official world airplane speed record of 606 miles an hour
SAILORS WON'T SAIL:
Union Crews Begin Walkout
Against Great Lakes Shipping
CLEVELAND, Aug. 14--P)-The
CIO National Maritime Union's
Great Lakes strike headquarters said
tonight "some crews" were reported
walking off their jobs in ports along
the lakes, several hours before the,
midnight deadline of a walkout
aimed at all Great Lakes shipping.
In Chicago, Ralph Moser, who
iranf4-4raAIhimcplnf nac. iin ,nr.,, nn.
headquarters, however, that in Chi-
cago, Cleveland, Duluth and Mil-
waukee there were known instances
of men leaving their jobs. A report
of similar action at Buffalo was not
immediately confirmed here. At De-
troit the union's port agent, Charles
Monroe, said the 12:01 deadline
would be observed.