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August 10, 1946 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1946-08-10

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RUSSIAN
MONOPOLY

Y

1Mw A6

attis

CLOUDY,
COOLER

See Page 2

VOL. LVI, No. 28S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, AUGUST 10, 1946

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Terminal Leave
Pay Is Due Soon
Truman Signs GI Bill; Army, Navy
Announce Procedure for Payment

Russian Two-Third Rule Demand Denied;

Byrnes Condemns Attempts

To

'Dictate';

Britain Asks Halt to Jewish Immigration

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Aug. 9-President
Truman sounded a pay call today for
about 15,000,000 GI men and women
by signing the terminal leave bill
authorizing payment -- mostly in
bonds - for unused furlough time.
The War, Navy and Treasury De-
partments told them how to come
and get it.
Mr. Truman signed the measure
giving the go-ahead' for distribution
of an estimated $2,700,000,000 at a
mid-day White House ceremony at-
Full Time Job
Allowed Vets
Under GI Bill
Bradley Given Tighter
Control over Training
WASHINGTON, Aug. 9-(P)-Vet-
erans now may accept full time jobs,
while going to school under the GI
Bill of Rights, and also draw some
government subsistence allowanoe,
The Veterans Administration made
this ruling today after. studying the
bill signed Thursday by President
Truman to give Gen. Omar N. Brad-
ley, Veterans Administrator, tighter
control of training costs.
The new law prohibits payment of
subsistence allowances under the GI
Bill to veterans with dependents if
they earn more than $200 a month;
or $175 if they have no dependents.
The Veterans Administration said
this will reduce the incomes of some
veterans participating in on-the-job
training programs set up under the
GI Bill of Rights. This section per-
mits a veteran to take training, un-
der an employer, for a specific job.
The government pays his subsistence.
The bill prohibits payment of this
subsistence allowance if the veter-
an's income exceeds the new $175-
$200 limits.
But the Veterans Administration
said the new law also permits stu-
dents attending schools under the
GI Bill to work "full time" to sup-
plement government subsistence al-
lowances. This was prohibited undel
the original GI Bill. Maximum sub-
sistence allowances are $65 a& month
for single men; $90 for married vet-
erans. The government also pays
tuition.
Now veterans may accept jobs pay-
ing up to $110 a month and still draw
full government subsistence. In the
case of a married veteran this would
bring him a total of $200 a month;
and for a single man $175 a month,
the maximum allowed under the new
bill.
If he makes more than that, his
government subsistence allowance
will be cut so his maximum income
will not exceed the $175 and $200
limits. For instance, if a married vet-
eran is earning $150 while working
outside his college hours, the gov-
ernment will pay him an additional
$50 a month, the difference between
$150 and the maximum of $200.
Blbo Admits
Link with Klan
Denies Charge He Is
'Worst Man in Senate'
WASHINGTON, Aug. 9-(MP)-Sen.
Theodore Bilbo (Dem.-Miss.) said on
a nationwide radio broadcast tonight
"I am a member of the Ku Klux
Klan No. 40, called the Bilbo Klan
No. 4, Mississippi," but added:
"I attended one meeting and have
not attended it since, because I was
not in sympathy with some of the
things in it."
Bert Andrews, New York Herald-
Tribune correspondent and one of

four writers who interviewed Bilbo
on the "meet the press" program
(Mutual), asked the Senator if he
agreed with the opinion of Washing-
ton newsmen who voted him "the
worst man in the Senate" in a mag-
azine poll.
"I think the best judge of sena-
torial service in the U.S. Senate would
be the people of the state and I am
perfectly satisfied with their verdict
every time I have asked for the job
-three times," Bilbo replied.

tended by Gen. Omar N. Bradley,
Veterans Administrator, representa-
tives of service organizations and
Reps. Dwight L. Rogers (Dem.-Fla.),
Riley (Dem.-S.C.) and Emory H.
Price (Dem.-Fla.).
The first money needed for the
payments - $2,431,708,000 - was
made available yesterday by the
President's signing of an appro-
priation bill. Congress will vote
more later if, as expected, claims
exceed this amount.
The payments will be made to en-
listed personnel of the armed forces
who have served at any time between
September 8, 1939' and September
1, 1946. They will be paid, up to
a limit of 120 days, for the number
of days leave due at the rate of two
and one-half days per month, minus
the number of days actually taken.
Payment will be at the rate of the
last grade held, plus 70 cents a day
for subsistence. In the case of per-
sons with dependents in the three
highest pay grades, an additional
$1.25 a day for quarters will be al-
lowed.
The War, Navy and Treasury De-
partments gave these official in-
structions:
1. Obtain a "claim for settle-
ment, unused leave," and an. ac-
companying instruction sheet from
any post office.
2. Fill out the claim form. Any
veterans community information or
advisory center will give help, as
well as any state or county veterans
service office.
3. Swear to the truth of the state-
ments made in the form before a
notary public or other authorized
civil officer. The service will be pro-
vided free in most community in-
formation or advisory centers.
Mail the completed form, along
with a discharge certificate or cer-
tificate of service, to the appropriate
officer of the Army, Navy, Marine
Corps or Coast Guard. The officers
are listed on the back of the claim
form.
The government promised that
payments will be mailed "as soon as
possible," the service documents re-
turned.
The act limits to 60 days the
amount of leave which persons now
in the service can accumulate. The
rule formerly was 120 for officers
and that allowance was extended
to enlisted veterans in the new
legislation.
Payments will be by check for
amounts under $50 and for odd
amounts over multiples of $25. For
amounts above $50, payments will
be made in $25 bonds carrying 2%
per cent interest and coming due
five years from the date of the last
separation from service.
They can't be cashed or used earli-
er except for payment of premiums.
loans or conversion on government
life insurance.
Higher Price
Authorized for
Leather Goods
WASHINGTON, Aug. 9-)-OPA
authorized immediate leather price
increases today-30 per cent on some
kinds-and raised the possibility of
higher shoe prices.
Officials said that despite the in-
creases on leather, OPA is standing
pat on its refusal to allow higher
ceilings on raw hides.
At the request of reconversion di-
rector John R. Steelman, the Justice
Department is investigating what
Steelman termed a reported industry
"conspiracy" to hold all hides from
the market until OPA is forced to
raise or remove ceilings on hides.
OPA said the effect of the leather
increase on shoe prices will not be
known until earnings of the shoe in-
dustry have been reviewed. The
agency said that any shoe price in-

crease "will be moderate."

U.S. Discloses'
Movement Into
A merican Zone
Officials Seek Parley
With Dr. Weitzmann
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Aug. 9-Britain has ask-
ed Russia, Romania, Poland and
other European countries to halt the
exodus of Jews to Palestine "at the
source:" a Foreign Office spokesman
announced today, while admiralty
officials described reports of naval
concentrations in the Mediterranean
as "nonsense."
The request was disclosed as Gen.
Joseph T. McNarney, U.S. European
commander, declared there was a
"well-organized" evacuation of Jews
from Poland into American-occupied
Germany which he was trying to stop.
Conference Sought
British officials, meanwhile, sought
to arrange a conference with Dr.
Chaim Weizmann, president of the
World Zionist Organization, in an
effort to find a starting place with
the Jews for solving the explosive
Palestine problem.j
The Foreign Office said it was
"extremely probable, almost certain"
that Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin,
who arrived in Paris this afternoon,
would confer almost immediately with
Secretary of State James F. Byrnes
on the Palestine situation, particu-
larly on Britain's reported plans to
blockade the Holy Land by sea, land
and air against unauthorized immi-
grants.
British Request Revealed
A foreign office spokesman declar-
ed that Britain had requested Rus-
sia and Romania to do everything
possible to stop the shipment of il-
legal Jewish immigrants from Con-
stanza and other Romanian ports.
He said a ship in Romanian waters
was waiting now to load immigrants
and take them to Palestine.
Gen. McNarney said he was trying
tostop a "well-organized" movement
of Jews into the American Zone of.
Germany and estimated that, after
the UNRRA program ends, it would
cost U.S. taxpayers at least $80,000,-

* *

* * *

C
Peace Delegates Refuse
ThA dm11 Albanian Unit
Debate Again Sharp as Bevin Returns;
Italy To Be Permitted To Present Case
By The Associated Press
PARIS, Aug. 9-The European Peace Conference today rejected Rus-
sia's demand for a two-thirds majority vote rule after Secretary of State
Byrnes asserted that the United States would not be dictated to. The
conference then clashed over a Yugoslav move to let Albania attend.
A torrid debate lasting until 8:07 p.m. (2:07 p.m., C.D.T.) broke out
over the proposal to admit Albania as a "consultative member." Greece
led the fight against Albania, with support from Byrnes, and the Ukraine
delegation joined with a bitter attack on the Greek speaker, Premier
Constantin Tsaldaris.
._,_ . .

ARMS CACHE OF JEWISH UNDERGROUND ARMY -A British
soldier examines rifles, two-inch mortars and boxes of cartridges in a
classroom of the Techkimoni School in Tel Aviv, Palestine. The arms
are a part of the large arsenal of the Jewish underground. army dis-
covered by British searchers in' secret cells in the basement of the
school.
Local PoliceOfficials Scheduled
To Ta ke Stand in Own Defense..

000 annually to care for
persons.
* * *

displaced1

Truman 'To Act
In Palestine Case
WASHINGTON, Aug. 9-VP)-Pres-
ident Truman said today that an
American decision on the proposed
federalization of Palestine to handle
the immigration of Jews was entire-
ly within his power and did not in-
volve any constitutional issue.
The New York Times, Mr. Truman
told a news conference, had a very
learned article on that subject this
morning which was very interesting
to -him.
But, he continued, he did not think
that the question had aiything to
do with the American Constitution
at all.
One group of State Department ad-
visors opposed to the Palestine par-
tition plan which is backed by Brit-
ain had contended that it would be
illegal under the American Consti-
tution for the President to approve
such a plan without the advice and
consent of the Senate. This group
raised the point that the Senate pre-
viously, in 1924, approved a treaty
with Britain supporting the British
mandate for all Palestine without
restrictions on where the Jews there
should live.

Chief Sherman H. Mortenson and
Detective Lt. Eugene L. Gehringer,
suspended police officials, are sched-
uled to take the stand in their own
defense this morning when the police
commission resumes their removal
hearing on bribery charges at 9 a.m.
Special Prosecutor William D.
Brusstar last night rested the case
for the prosecution after a drawn-
out afternoon and evening session at
which Nick Theros, local numbers
racketeer, told the commission that
he "gave Mortenson a total of $180
to $200" in 1941 and 1942 while he
was selling policy tickets. These
"gifts," Theros stated, were passed to
Morten1son on the street in envelopes
containing $25 to $50 apiece.
He denied that he had any agree-
ment for protection with Mortenson.
Clarence DeLuce, a Jackson Prison
convict now serving a sentence for
grand larceny, testified that in 1944
he overheard Gehringer tell Henry
Charron, operator of a local liquor
club where DeLuce worked, to stop
horse-race booking.
DeLuce stated that in this conver-
sation Gehringer said Wilson Haight,
co-owner of the United Cigar Store
where horse-race booking was also
conducted, did not want any com-
petition because he was paying for
protection.
He also testified that Mortenson
once told him (DeLuce) not to say
anything if called before the one-
man grand jury gambling investiga-
tion.
Sgt. Alfred Toney told the commis-
sion that on numerous occasions from
Bicycle Booty
Local thieves work'ed overtime
for two straight nights stripping
bicycles parked at University bi-
cycle racks at Victor Vaughan
House, it was discovered yester-
day.
Returning to the same racks on
a second night, the hoodlums re-
moved lig-t s, seat covers, and
other accesories from bicycles be-
longing b Vaughan House resi-
dents. Police have indicated that
a patrol will keep vigilance over
the location hereafter.

1943 to 1945 money bags from the
United Cigar Store were deposited in
the police department safe overnight
for safekeeping. He added under
cross-examination that this was a
common practice since funds were
often kept there for other business
places.
Clark Withholds
Veto in Austria
VIENNA, Aug. 9-tom')-Gen. Mark
W. Clark, commander of American
forces in Austria, told the Allied
Control Council today he would as-
sure. passage of the Russian-opposed
Austrian nationalization of industry
by withholding his veto, and, the
Russian commander replied his
country reserved the right to make
the law invalid in the Soviet Zone.
The exchange was the sharpest
break yet to occur in the four-power
council over the nationalization law,
which the Russians first prodded the
Austrians to put into effect andthen
opposed bitterly because it included
property the Russians now claim as
their own.
Britain, U.S. Plan.
German Zone Unity
BERLIN Aug. 9-o )-The com-
mander of British occupation forces
in Germany declared today that only
"points of detail" remained to be
settled in British-American talks for
achieving the greatest collaboration
in the economic fusion of the British
and American zones.
Air Marshall Sir Sholto Douglas
told a news conference that the Brit-
ish-American discussions were "pro-
ceeding smoothly" in the setting up
of German administrations for food
and agriculture, trade, industry and
finance.
sle said the plans call for a com-
mon standard of food rations which
will mean increased food for Germans
in both zones, and that the economic
collaboration will include equitable
distribution of resources, both im-
ported and domestic.

This morning the conference ap-
proved by a 15 to 6 vote the Rules
Committee proposal to let treaty
recommendations be passed to the
Foreign Ministers Council by either
a two-thirds or a simple majority
vote, beating down Russian insist-
ence for only a two-thirds rule.
This vote came after Byrnes blunt-
ly asserted that the United States
would not let any of its allies "dic-
tate terms of peace to us." He ac-
cused Soviet Foreign Minister Molo-
tov of "loose and wicked talk" in
charging yesterday that an "Anglo-
Saxon bloc" had attempted to dictate
conference voting procedure.
In the afternoon meeting, Tsal-
daris branded as "entirely inadmis-
sible" any invitation to Albania, as-
serting that Albania did not partici-
pate in the war on the allied side but
took part in hostilities against
Greece.
Byrnes, indirectly supporting Tsal-
daris, said that under the Moscow
Agreement which named the 21 na-
tions to participate in the confer-
ence Albania could not be invited.,
Molotov, who had walked out of the
conference while Tsaldaris was
speaking, returned in time to hear
Byrnes make that remark.
Byrnes raised the question of
similar "consultative" member-
ships for Mexico, Cuba and Egypt,
saying that if a new class of mem-
bership was created for Albania
then requests from other states
should also be considered.
Dimitri Manuilsky of the Ukraine
quickly took the floor with a heated
personal attack on Tsaldari,, charg-
ing him with repeating here earlier
attempts to sow dissension among
the allies in UNRRA sessions and in
the United Nations Security Coun-
cil.
Other outstanding afternoonde-
velopments included the return of
British Foreign Secretary Ernest
Bevin to head his country's delega-
tion, and a decision to permit Italy
to present its case at tomorrow af-
ternoon's session.
This morningByrnes, in support
of the procedure adopted by the
Rules Committee, said:
"Whence comes this talk of
blocs? By what right do those who
vote, ballot after ballot, with the
Soviet Union call those of us who
do not' always agree with the Sov-
iet Union a bloc?"
"When the New Zealand proposal
to have all recommnendations made
by a simple majority was defeated
in the commission by a bare 11 to
9 votes, no one complained that the
proposal had been rejected by a
Soviet bloc.
"But when the Soviet proposal on
voting procedure is defeated by the
overwhelming vote of 15 to 6 here
in this conference the charge is
made that the defeat was brought
about by an Anglo-Saxon bloc.
"What loose and wicked talk this
is!"
UNRRA Chief
Warns Russia

Truce rdered
Ino West, China
Provinces Only
Communists Block
Marine Clash Probe
PEIPING, Aug. 9-(P)--An armis-
tice on China's "western front" until
Aug. 26 was anounced today by exec-
utive truce headquarters, which
ordered Communist and government
troops in Hupeh, Honan and Shan-
si provinces to withdraw immediately
distances of 10 miles.
The truce, local in nature, has no
bearing on Manchuria or the most
recently reported heavy fighting in
Kiangsu Province north of Nanking
and Shanghai.
Truce teams headed by Col. Howell
L. Hodgkins of Rupert, Idaho, and Lt.
Col. Van R. White of Mebane, N.C.,
were placed in charge of ,field ar-
rangements.
Despite this local truce, the Chin-
ese situation continued tense.
Col. Michael F. Davis at executive
headquarters here accused the Com-
munist member of an investigating
committee of thwarting an inquiry
into the battle beween U.S. Marines
and Communists at Anping July 29.
Colonel Davis charged that the
Communist, Maj. Gen. Hwang Yi-
Feng, had frustrated every attempt to.
gain evidence relating to the con-
flict, and had refused to hear testi-
mony of Marine participants who had
been cooling their heels here three
days while waiting to testify.
Prompt Report
Promised on
May's. Condition

WASHINGTON, Aug. 9-(P)-Rep.
May's Kentucky physician promised
today to notify the Senate War In-
vestigating Committee as soon as the
congressman's condition has "improv-
ed sufficiently to testify for periods
not exceeding two hours per day."
The committee issued a statement
shortly after George Meader, its
counsel, reached Dr. George P. Arch-
er of Prestonburg, Ky., by telephone.
Dr. Archer was one of the two physi-.
cians who said yesterday that May
"must have an indefinite period of
rest, quiet and careful attention by
physicians."
Previously the committee had held
out a slim hope that May, 71-year-
old chairman of the House Military
Committee, would be able to appear
today to explain his acknowledged
wartime intervention on behalf of the
Garsson munitions combine.
Over the signature of Chairman
Mead (Dem.-N.Y.) the committee
announced that it had "requested Dr.
Archer to notify the committee when
Congressman May had improved suf-
ficiently in health to transact busi-
ness."
The statement added that Dr. Ar-
cher said that he was "unable to
predict at this time when Congress-
man May's recovery might reach that
point. He further stated that be-
cause of Congressman May's advanc-
ed age - 71 years - he doubted
whether he should be required to
testify over long periods of time
consecutively."
T'hrc ommite exaid that Archer

A CHICKEN IN EVERY POT, CAR IN EVERY GARAGE:
U.S. Reaches 'Full Employment Goal of 60,000,000 Jobs,

GENEVA, Switzerland, Aug. 9-(P)
-Director General F. H. La Guardia
of UNRRA told a news conference to-
day that if the Russians were seiz-
ing Austrian oil and food 'in their
zone he would "invoke my powers
and take it up with the proper levels."
La Guardia's statements were in
the nature of a reply to the Russian
delegate, M. I. Fenov, who earlier in
an address to the fifth meeting of
ET1NR, A ,a kn +i rt n exntin t oa

WASHINGTON, Aug. 9 -(A")- In
less than a year of peace the United
States has topped the so-called "full
employment" goal of 60,000,000 jobs,

of jobs, the report said, "in some cases
are having real difficulty finding
work."
On +int h-oi havncda. fni

ported. Only 17 per cent show labor
surpluses. In 23 per cent of the areas
employment is neither rising nor fall-
i n

area where workers are scarce.
Commerce Department officials
privately gave the opinion that the
e.n C'1C f-A.1- ..i-. -nia ciann - 1n. nni

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