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August 09, 1946 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1946-08-09

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STRONG ARM
RACKETS

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SHOWERS
WARMER

See Page 4

VOL. LVI, No. 27S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, AUGUST 9, 1946

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Hindustan Tag Day
To Help Starving
The Hindustan Association will sponsor a campus-wide tag day today
to benefit India's starving millions.
Four posts will be set up, opposite the library, under the Engine Arch,
near the League, and near the Union, where Association members will sell
tags, according to Vasant Rajadhyaksha, chairman of the tag day and presi-
dent of the Association.
Money from the drive will be sent to relief organizations to be spent
on food for India. No tags will be sold in downtown Ann Arbor.
Rajadhyaksha, in a statement yesterday, urged every student to buy a
tag to aid millions of Indians who are desperately in need of food. He cited
a report of the American Famine ┬░
Mission, made July 25, to Secretary
of Agriculture Clinton P. Anderson.
According to the report, India's
ration system affecting 160 million
people will collapse if two million tons
of food are not sent. Of this 750,000r::,.f,,i; : .,.
tons of. wheat would have to be sent
from the United States.
Student Affairs Committee per-
mission for the tag day wars grant-.
ed last week, Rajadhyaksha said.
In April the Hindustan Association .'r
made a private relief collectioni
from its members; these funds were
given to the American Relief Soci-
ety, he said.
Herbert Hoover, in a recent state-
ment, said that if we fail to main--.::-:
tain the food supplies being sent all
over the world, "then surely all of
800 million-one -third of the peoples<'t"
of the earth--are doomed." :
UNRRA and other investigatingv
agencies report famine of unprece-.;
dented magnitude threatens India.

Illolotov

Hears

Eva It s

Ch arge;

i

0

Terminal Leave Measure Signed

Brusstar Says
Graft Hearings
Will End Tod y
By WILL HAR(
Delavr ' by a series of legal spar-
ringn ches, the police commission
hearir s of graft charges against
Chief jf Police Sherman Mortenson
and Ieut. Eugene J. Gehringer, sus-
pended police officers,- will be com-
pleted today according to William
D. Brusstar, special prosecutor for the
one-man grand jury.
Central figure in a two-day contro-
versy between Brusstar and Ralph
Keyes, attorney for Gehringer, has
been Nick Theros, alleged local policy
racket operator.
Theros' Testimony Suppressed
Keyes succeeded in suppressing the
testimony of Theros yesterday when
he convinced the commission that
the witness was not protected against
charges of bribery by a grant of im-
munity issued by Cireuit Court Judge
James R. Breakey, Jr.
Told that his statements might be
held against him, Theros balked for
the second time in two days, and
was dismissed from the stand
Jury Charged with Browbeating
Charges that the one-man grand
jury investigators would "browbeat
Theros, v_ as I understand, have
sometime & 'g grand jury investi-
gations, had '. 'tol pulled on him,"
were hurled by. jrtenson's attorney,
Louis Burke, as the session closed.
Burke's remarks came after Brus-
star asked for a continuance of the
case until 2 p.m. today. The request
was subsequently granted and Brus-
star stated that he would seek a
grant of immunity for Theros to
protect him from bribery prosecu-
tion. Judge Breakey is in Bay City,
Brusstar said.
He added:
"You can take it from me that
Theros will testify tomorrow that he
paid Mortenson money."
John M. Jetter, of Toledo, .,
former owner of the United Cigar
Store; alleged horse-racing booking
house, told the commission that in
1938 and 1939, he paid Gehringer
$0 to $15 per month" for collecting
on bad checks, when Gehringer was
a detective. Jetter admitted that he
had conducted horse-racing booking
at the time.
He denied that the money was paid
under agreement for protection from
Gehringer when cross-examined by
Keyes.
'Small, Petty' Gambling
Detective GeorgeStauch testified
that Gehringer had once told him
that whatever gambling was con-
ducted in Ann Arbor was "small and
petty," but denied he had ever re-
ceived orders from either Gehringer
or Mortenson to "lay off" gambling
houses.
Japan To Get
Loan from U.S.
UraT rQNThT(N A i-(A)PLThe

PUPPET WILL TALK-Henry Pu
Yi, (above)former puppet emperor
of Manchuria will testify in Tokyo
at the International War Crimes
trial in a few days, it was an-
nounced in Tokyo.; Long missing,
it was discovered that he had been
captured by the Russians in 1945.
They agreed to bring him to the
trial.
collet Is New
Reconversion
Administrator
WASHINGTON, Aug. 8-()-John
R. Steelman installed Judge John C.
Collet today as a close personal as-
sociate in his Office of Reconversion,
and reshuffled administrative re-
sponsibilities.
The reorganization merges the Of-
fice of Economic Stablization into
the reconversion office.
Collet, a Missouri Federal Judge,
comes into the Steelman set-up "with
no formal title or specific duties." He
headed the formerly independent
stabilization office up to the height of
the recent row over wage-price poli-
cy. He resigned at that time and was
succeeded by Chester Bowles, whom
he had backed in the battle for a
strong hold-the-line stand.
The key post in the general admin-
istrative reorganization-deputy di-
rector for production, stabilization
and war liquidation-went to Harold
Stein, 43, who was brought into the
high-policy agency when Chief Just-
ice Vinson was director of war mob-
ilization and reconversion.
Two other deputies were appoint-
ed, Steelman announced -Donald
Kingsley for fiscal policy, employ-
ment and social security, and Antho-
ny Hyde for information and reports.
A three-way division of responsi-
bility was thus achieved. Steelman
said that integration of OES and
OWMR would eliminate duplication
and cut expenses.

Vets Pensions
To Be Raised
By 20 Percent
Two and Half Billion
Allotted for Payments
By The Associate Press
WASHINGTON, Aug. 8-President
Truman today signed legislation car-
rying money to pay some 15,000,000
former and presentrenlisted men for
terminal leave they did not get.
He also signed a series of other
measures affecting ex-service men,
including one increasing veterans'
pensions by 20 per cent and another
designed to head off what Veterans
Administrator Omar N. Bradley has
described as a threatened national
scandal in veterans' training.
The appropriation for terminal
leave was signed in advance of the
bill whi hauthorized such pay-
ments. A special White House cere-
mony-possibly tomorrow-will at-
tend the signing of the latting
measure.
The legislation signed today:
1. Appropriates $2,431,708,000 to
make the terminal leave payments,
mostly in five-year bonds; $30,000,-
000 to buy special automobiles for
legless veterans; $26,000,000 addi-
tional for OPA.
2. Increases by 20 per cent the
pensions of nearly 2,000,000 veterans
of both world wars and dependents,
effective September1.
3. Sets up tighter standards for
on-the-job training for veterans,
the activity in which General Brad-
ley said scandal was threatened;
provides for inspection of such
training projects and sets pay
ceilings for veteran trainees.
4. Authorizes the Veterans Ad-
ministration to operate canteens in
hospitals and veterans hoes,' finan-
ced by a $4,000,000 revolving fund.
About 10,000 persons, to whom bene-
fit payments were suspended during
the war, were affected.
6. Allows full pensions to vet-
erans who became disabled in
peace-time service.
7. Provides re-employment rights
in their pre-war jobs to wartime per-
sonnel of the Merchant Marine, sim-
ilar to existing rights of men and
women who served in the armed
forces.
The legislation increasing veterans'
pensions also authorizes the pay-
ments of full pensions to veterans
who are hospitalized or who live in
VA institutions.
British Deny
Russian Claim
LONDON, Aug. 8-UP--The British
Government has repudiated Russia's
claim for $10,000,000,000 reparations
from Germany and called upon the
Soviet Government to agree to ad-
ministration of Germany as an eco-
nomic whole during the Allied oc-
cupation.
Britain released tonight the text
of a statement setting forth the
principles which Britain regards as
"essential" for proper execution of
the Potsdam agreement as far as
economic unity and reparations are
concerned.

Educators Speak at Rackham
In cU' Summer Lecture Series

Soviet Minister
Demands New
Voting Rules
, Says Simple Majority
{ Ruling Is Undesirable
By The Associated Press
PARIS, Aug. 8 --Soviet Foreign
Minister Molotov demanded today
!. that the European peace conference
reject voting procedure already ap-
proved by the rules committee and
: .. ;:Herber t V. Evatt of Australia heat-
~'~' .- ~. "~wely accused him of trying to use
veto power, in. action having "the
suggestion of intimidation.",
.....'..Molotov charged that Britain and
the United States had engineered a
>}''grave mistake'' in obtaining approval
} of a British amendment giving a
. simple majority as well as a two-
thirds majority the right to make
treaty recommendations to the For-
eign Ministers Council. He asked for
a strict two-thirds rule only,

Shuster Cites Need

BYRNES WEIGHS WORDS - Secretary of State James F. Byrnes (left) rests his chin on his hand as he
listens to a speech at a meeting of the General Assembly of the Peace Conference in Luxembourg Palace,
Paris. At right is James Dunn, Assistant Secretary of State.

f

For Ethical Creed
"What can we say to the young
totalitarian" is the fundamental
question which faces us today, Dr.
George . N. Shuster, president of
Hunter College declared yesterday,
in a summer lecture in Rackham
Amphitheatre.
Pointing out that the young totali-.
tarian is more dangerous than the
atomic bomb, Dr. Shuster emphasized
our inability to supply him with an
ethical basis for future conduct be-
cause we have none ourselves.
Dr. Shuster, said that the Atlantic
Charter with its statement of prin-
ciples might have steered us forward
but that we have abandoned it for
"tawdry stilted phrases" which say
nothing because we have nothing to
say.
Totalitarianism is based on a loss
of all ethical principles, Dr. Shuster
stated, and without basic truths we
have no defense against it. Justice,
he continued is more useful than
atomic energy in providing for the
future. The scientist alone cannot
solve the problem of the ultimate des-
tiny of man, Dr. Shuster emphasized,
but acombination of the knowledge
of the scientist and the holiness of
the saint may help us to know the
answer.
WAA Uncovers"
Metal Racket
WASHINGTON, Aug. 8-(P)-The
War Assets Administration reported
tonight that it had uncovered big-
scale purchases on surplus govern-
ment aluminum which "would have
resulted in a corner of the market."
At least 43 persons in the south-
west were using their veterans' prior-
ity certificates, a WAA spokesman
said, to buy government aluminum.
The bulk of it subsequently was of-
fered for sale to a single midwestern
firm.
WAA said it had ordered a tem-
porary "freeze" on delivery of alum-
inum sheets by certain of its region-
al offices in Kansas, Missouri, Texas
and some other states, in order to
"review the entire situation."
The Federal Bureau of Investiga-
tion is working with WAA on the
case, the spokesman said, but WAA
is not charging criminal intent. The
certificates were properly issued to
the veterans, it is indicated, and the
investigation is still under way.
Soviet Press Claims
'Objective' Reports
LONDON, Aug. 8-(R)-The Mos-
cow radio said tonight in an English
language broadcast that "the Soviet

More Government
Regulation--Stason
The complexity of problems aris-
ing from modern scientific and tech-
nological developments prevents solu-
tion through precise rules or judicial
codes, Dean E. Blythe Stason of the
Law School declared yesterday in a
summer lecture in Rackham Amphi-
theatre.
Speaking on the legal implications
of modern science, Dean Stason said
that the only apparent solution is in-
creasingly intensive government reg-
ulation, administered through agen-
cies having wide powers to make their
own rules and having no direct re-
sponsibility to the people.
"The way is unchartered, but we
must find it," Dean Stason said, "to
assure ourselves that administration,
having virtually unlimited powers,
can be held responsible to popular
will."
A community can prescribe by law
the rules to guide its people, includ-
ing public officials, in order to pre-
serve its democratic ideals and meth-
ods, Dean Stason said.
"Operation Pigskin"
Most observers agree that the
coming season will see the finest
intercollegiate football in the
game's history. Michigan, with
one of the most "impressive"
schedules in the land, will be the
Midwestern collegiate football
capital.
For the latest reports from the
publicity camps of Michigan's
gridiron opponents, see "Oper-
ation Pigskin," a nine column
series beginning today in the
sports section on page three.

Physicians Say
y.)Y
May Must 'Rest'
Before Hearing s
WASHINGTON, Aug. 8--iR)-The
Senate War Investigating Committee
received today a physician's report
that Rep. Andrew J. May (Dem.-Ky.)
must have an "indefinite period of
rest" before there is any possibility
of his testifying in the war profits
inquiry into the Garsson munitions
combine.
At the same time it. obtained from
a former technical sergeant a writ-
ten account of how barrel bursts of
defective mortar shells knocked out
two or three gun crew. of the 86th
Chemical Mortar Division in the crit-
ical Battle of the Bulge. Other form-
er GI's told of similar bloody inci-
dents.
The committee has asked the War
Department to trace defective shells
through its contracts with companies
which manufactured 4.2 inch mortar
ammunition. Erie Basin Metal Pro-
ducts Co., one of the associated 19
firms headed by Dr. Henry Garsson
and Murray Garsson, held such a
contract but there has been no evi-
dence that it turned out defective
shells.
The report on May's condition came
in a statement attributed to his Pres-
tonsburg, Ky., physicians and dis-
tributed in a news release from the,
office of his attorney here.
The report used medical terms in
giving his condition which Webster's
new international dictionary describ-
ed. They included "myocarditis" as
inflammation of the muscular part
of the heart wall; "decompensation"
as "low power of the heart;" "hypo-
tension" as low blood pressure and
"bradycardia" as slow action of the
heart.
Committee officials indicated that
plans to question May at a tentative-
ly scheduled session early in Septem-
ber probably will be abandoned be-
cause of the doctor's report.

Evatt asserted the Russian's act-
ion in reopening the voting issue
before the plenary session "amounts
to what is known in some countries
as -filibustering."
Evatt declared Molotov was trying
to enforce┬░ the same veto power in.
the peace conference that he had
in the Foreign Ministers Council.
Molotov said the British and U.S.
delegations had "joined hands" on
the simple majority amendment, and
"probably expected to facilitate re-
commendations which would be de-
sirable to them."
He asserted a majority must not
be set off against a'minority.'
.The renewed explosion threw-the
delegates into consternation at
prospects of another long, bitter
struggle in the plenary session over
the same ground covered In the
rules committee. The delegates had
expected a perfunctory approval f
decisions reached in committee.
The session adjourned at 7:10 p.m.,
with U.S. Secretary of State James
F. Byrnes, and representatives of the
Ukraine and White Russia scheduled
to speak tomorrow morning.
Yugoslav delegate Edvard Kardelj,
speaking in support of Molotov, said
that if the rules committee decision
was adopted by the conference Yugo-
slavia could continue to take part
"only with strong reservation."
British delegate A. V. Alexander,
first lord of the admiralty, then join-
ed the debate, accusing Molotov of
"further delaying action" in an at-
titude "which would prevent peace at
any time."
Panic Ensues
As Earthquakes
Hit Puerto Rieo
PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti, Aug 8-
(P) -New Caribbean earthquakes
struck heavily today at the already
shattered northeastern section of the
Dominican Republic and shook Haiti
and Puerto Rico, causing a panic in
the Puerto Rican towns of Agadilla,
Mayaguez and Moca.
The U.S. Embassy in Ciudad, Tru-
jillo, capital of the Dom~nican Re-
public, sent a request to naval district
headquarters in San Juan, Puerto
Rico, for doctors and nurses.
Fifteen doctors from Curacao, the
Netherlands West Indies, were re-
ported to have arrived at Ciudad Tru-
jillo to take care of victims of the
newtremors and ofthe preceding
earthquakes and tidal waves which
have hammered the republic at in-
tervals since last Sunday, Thirty
persons died in the earlier tragedies.
The number of casualties from the
latest shocks had not been determin-
ed.
A pilot who landed a Pan American
Airways plane at Ciudad Trujillo a
few minutes after the new tremors
struck said that everyone there "was
scared 'to death-even the Amer-
icans."
Dominican Republic
Hit By Tidal Wave
CIUDAD TRUJILLO, Dominican
Republic. Aug. 8-(PM--A new tial1

HALF A MILLION WORKERS:
CIO Bypasses Chrysler Verdict;
Reuther Announces New Policy

AGE IS WISDOM:
Seniors Surpass Sophomores
In Social Studies,_Tests Show

DETROIT, Aug. 8-(P)-A verdict
on the Chrysler wage issue was by-
passed by heads of the CIO's United
Auto Workers today in favor of a
policy to be drafted forhall the in-
dustry's more than a half million
workers.
President Walter P. Reuther an-
nounced the international executive
board had decided to work out an
"over-all policy" on wages and prices
which will be presented to the CIO's
national wage-price conference in
Washington Thursday.
The big Chrysler segment of the
UAW-CIO had demanded a reopen-
ing of wage discussions with inten-
tions of seeking a pay boost or "cost

spect to our membership and the
nation as a whole. It will be an over--
all policy-not one just to take care
of Chrysler."
The union president declined to
reveal what the recommendations
might include, nor would he discuss
his own forthcoming proposals.
Reuther said he had "some definite
opinions" but was not at liberty to
discuss them until the executive
board had acted. He said there had
been only "preliminary discussions"
today.
The auto union, Reuther said. will
urge adoption of its recommendations
by the CIO policy committee but will
not "act contrary" to CIO policy.

The average Michigan senior does
best in social studies while his soph-
omore brother is poorest in fine arts,
the results of last semester's college
testing program indicate.
The tests, identical with the Grad-
uate Record Examination, were given
last May to 518 second semester sen-
iors and 592 second semester sopho-
mores. University of Michigan stu-
dents made scores above the average
of the 2,000 seniors throughout the
country who took the examination.
Sophomores came out highest in
the biological science .test while the
seniors made their po*est score in
the physical sciences. On the whole
the average Michigan sophomore did
slightly better than' the senior norm

ed to place emphasis not so much
on formal education as on the stu-
dent's general ability, his knowledge
of concepts rather than facts.
Dr. Donahue of the Bureau of
Psychological Services, which ad-
ministered the examination, said that
apparently seniors exhibit more abil-
ity to think in the so-called "cult-
ural areas." The sophomore results
seem to indicate that subjects re-
cently studied influence the scores.
Plans to use the results of the
tests in the future counseling of stu-
dents were released by Dean Kenis-
ton. Each student will be sent his
score on the examination in a chart
form, showing- exactly where he be-

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