YTHE MICHIGAN DAILY
FD RATHER EI} RIGHT:
Fifty- an eatt
That Sinking Feeling
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Edited and managed by students of
Michigan under the authority of the
of Student Publications.
the University of
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Editorial Staff '
Managing Editors .. Paul Harsha, Milton Freudenheim
City News ........................ Clyde Recht
Sports ...... ............................. -Jacc Martin
Women's .................................. Lynne Ford
Business Manager ........................ Janet Cork
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NIGHT EDITOR: CLYDE RECHT
Editorials Published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
When the United Nations Relief and Rehabili-
tation Administration exhausts its present re-
sources and goes out of existence about the end
of 1946, all European refugees and displaced
persons will be left to fend for themselves. The
setting up of the International Refugee Organ-
ization, planned by the United Nations Economic
and Social Council last May, must await approval
of the charter in September by the UN General
Assembly and afterwards ratification by the
Parliaments of member countries to provide
funds for the organization.
There are, it has been estimated, about 1,500,-
000 refugees and displaced persons in Europe, of
whom 850,000 are being cared for by UNRRA
at present. Some emergency steps must be taken
to provide for these almost forgotten people of
the war, who may become the forgotten dead of
Three plans have been proposed to solve this
problem-first, the establishment of a pre-
paratory commission to set the International
Refugee Organization going by Jan. 1; second,
the broadening of the activities and member-
ship of the Britain-United States sponsored
Intergovernmental Committee, to obtain finan-
cial support of other nations and take over
the refugees and displaced persons from
UNRRA; and, third, the setting up of another
agency to provide for refugees who cannot be
resettled next year.
At present, Allied armiesof occupation in
Germany and Austria are required to provide
food and shelter for refugee camps in their zones,
whil UNRRA pays administration costs. This,
although encouraging, covers only a small part
of the problem.
One of the plans should be adopted immedi-
ately, or, better still, a combination of the first
and third, for even a fairly speedy establish-
ment of IRO for settling the refugees won't do
much good if, through lack of provisions, they
don't live long enough to be settled.
The refugee question seems to be considered
outside the scope of a peace confereice, even
though keeping people alive to benefit from or
siffer uider the peace treaty seems also a prime
requisite of that peace treaty. The peace con-
ference offers the best immediate medium for
Product ion 'lock
T HE HEADS of the three big auto corpora-
tions-Ford, Chrysler, and General Motors-
have rejected flatly Walter Reuther's proposal
for a union-management conference to discuss
methods for increasing production.
Increased production methods will benefit
both management and labor as well as the
American consumer. Certainly labor can con-
tribute just as much as management to this
goal. But management, fearful of relinquish-
ing even a part of its control over industrial
decisions, is refusing labor's bid to share in the
discussion of increased production.
Henry Ford II invited the UAW to do som
thing about strikes first. But the problem of
strikes will be solved only when management
allows labor a share of the responsibility for pro-
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
LOS ANGELES-I have been away from home
" for more than two months, and I have a
feeling I should begin to try to sum up the poli-
tical impressions I have obtained, among friends
and strangers, in places unfamiliar enough to
seem new. The over-all feeling is one of deepest
pessimism. This expresses itself in oblique and
indirect ways; often in a reluctance to talk about
politics; sometimes in a kind of horrid gaiety,
in jokes about what the atomic bombs are going
to do to the world, and in a wan effort to fashion
a philosophy about the command to have another
There is a sense of a loss of grip among
common, ordinary good people. Three or four
years ago they could emit large puffs of steam
about single incidents, about whether we ought
to work with Giraud or DeGaulle, about
Reply on clts
MY RECENT EDITORIAL urging that bicycle
riding be eliminated on the campus proper
has elicited a response from a certain segment
of campus opinion.
.The entertaining but scarcely enlightening
satire of 0. G. Johnson's reply failed to make up
by phantasy what it lacked in fact.
Richard Fink, who wheels a self-propelled ve-
hicle about the campus himself, has declared, that
what we need is more bicycle racks. Willfully or
otherwise he overlooked my basic suggestion
which was that the racks be moved to positions
at the outer edges of campus such as in front
of Angell Hall, the side of the Engine Arch, and
the side of the Natural Science Building.
Certainly many students living a consider-
able distance need to ride bicycles to school.
I see no good reason why those vehicles can
not be parked at the edge of campus.
You suggest, Richard, that it is only the
way in which bicycles are ridden which menaces
pedestrians and intimate that if everyone pro-
ceeded with care and consideration there would
be no inconvenience. How naive! Why not ob-
serve some of your fellow cyclists shooting across
the Diag most any time of day?
This fall there will be twice as many students
and twice as many bicycles on campus. Pedes-
trian traffic will be heavy enough without the
continued necessity of dodging bicycles.
I repeat, now is the time to move these racks!
whether we ought to recognize or disown Ba
doglio, etc. Every news item then seened im-
portant, because there was more hope. We
were making the earth, so we thought, into a
blessed dwelling place, and we wanted every
hedge on the great estate to run square and
But there are too many such news items to-
day; they rush past in a breakneck stampede
every morning. We learn that Britain and Amer-
ica intend to abandon UNRRA at the end of
this year, partly because they do not wish to
continue to pump supplies into Balkan countries
which Russia seems to be stripping of everything
that is movable; we learn that the world atomic
energy conference is in a deadlock; we hear
Madame Sun Yat-Sen declare that American aid
to the Chinese National Government is only en-
larging a civil war, which Chinese reactionaries
hope will bring the United States and Russia
into armed conflict.
Any one of these stories would have been the
sensation of a year not so many years ago; now
they come in a single morning. The deteriora-
tion of peace develops a sweep and momentum
of its own, and the American liberal hardly
knows at which of these controversies to grasp
as they all go flitting by. And his mood is dark,
for while he hardly dares to believe in the future,
he does not believe at all in escape any longer;
the impossibility of escape being the one lesson
that he taught himself most successfully during
the years when he was preaching international-
He is told that we must work with Great Brit-
ain; that we must try, with the help of such
nations as Brazil, etc., to make this a decent and
peaceful world; and he may come to that, but
that prospect will never arouse in him the true
passion, which once was evoked by the belief in
a really unified world. And he watches the
flashing news items, and he backs away from
them, and that is the apathy we have all noticed;
but his is a painful apathy, and it is not really
indifference to the world, except in the sense in
which it can be said that a man who has been
hit on the head is indifferent.
And the picture that remains clearest in my
mind, after two months, is just this one of
fleeing men who know it is useless to flee, of
hiding men who know there really is no cover.
It is not yet a picture of angry men who will
denand of all parties involved that once more
they try to set their feet on the road to settle-
ment and peace.
(Copyright, 1946, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent In typewritten
form to the office of the Summer Ses-
sion, Room 1213 Angell Hall by 3:30 p.m.
on the day preceding publication (11:00
SATURDAY, AUGUST 3, 1946
VOL. LVI, No. 23S
All Veterans enrolled in the Univer-
sity under Public Law 16 or 346 who
are not receiving subsistence allow-
ance are requested to report to Rm.
100 Rackham Building Monday, Aug-
ust 5, between the hours of 8:30 a.m.
and 3:00 p.m., so that action can be
taken todexpedite payment of sub-
The regular meeting of the Uni-
versity Women Veterans Association
will be held at 7:00 Monday evening,
August 5, at the Michigan League.
A discussion of the coming year's
activities will be held, and all inter-
ested service women are urged to
Professor Y. R. Chao will give a
lecture Monday, August 5 from 10:00
to 12:00 a.m. on The Structure of
the Chinese Sentence. It is under
the auspices of the Linguistic Insti-
tute, and will be in Rm. 2203 Angell
Hall. Visitors to the lectures are
There will be a lecture by Profes-
sor Y. R. Chao, given under the aus-
pices of the Linguistic Institute on
Monday, August 5 from 8:00 p.m. to
10:00 p.m. in Rm. 2203 Angell Hall.
The topic will be on "Chinese. Syn-
tax." Visitors to the lectures are wel-
Tickets may be purchased at the
offices of the University Musical
Society, Burton Memorial Tower, at
Student Recital: Saturday evening,
August 10, at 8:30, Arthur C. Hills,
clarinetist, assisted by Beatrice Gaal,
pianist, Lee Chrisman, flute, and
William Poland, oboe, will present
a program in the Rackham Assembly
Hall.. Given in partial fulfillment of
the requirements for the degree of
Master of Music in Music Education,
the recital will include selections by
Stubbins, Saens, Delmas, Dacquin,
The public is cordially invited.
Student Recital: Philip lalpas,
organist, will present a recital Sun-
day afternoon, August 11. at 4:15 in
St. Andrew's Episcopal .Church, N.
Division Street. Mr. Malpas' program
will include: Organ Concerto in B
flat major by Handel, Toccata by
Frescobaldi, Fantasia and Fugue in
G minor by Bach, and Carillon-Sortie
The public is cordially invited.
Doctoral Examination for George
Middleton McEwen, English; thesis:
"The Emergence of Critical Impres-
sionism in England," Saturday, Aug-
ust 3, at 10:00 a.m. in Rm. 3223
Angell Hall. Chairman, C. D. Thorpe.
Doctoral Examination for Frederick
Leonard, Pharmaceutical Chemistry:
thesis; "Antispasmodics," Tuesday,
August 6, at 2:00 p.m. in Rm. 151
Chemistry Building. Chairman, F. F.
Zoology Seminar: The next meet-
ing will be held in the West Lecture
Room of the Rackham Building at
8:00 p.m., Tuesday, August 6. Mr. G.
Norman Loofbourrow will speak on
"Effects of enforced activity and noise
on reproduction in the white-footed
mouse Peromyscus leucopus novebor-
The Kamehameha School for Girls
in Honolulu has an eighth and ninth
grade English position. Candidates
should have some training in speech
correction, remedial teaching, and
be able to put on an eighth grade
play. This position is for a woman
between twenty-four and thirty years
of age with two years of teaching
experience. For further details call
the Bureau of Appointments, Miss
The Board of National Missions of
the Presbyterian Church in the Uni-
ted States of America has teaching
vacancies in Alaska, New Mexico,
Arizona, Utah in the following fields:
English, Home Economics, Music,
Mathematics and Science, Social Sci-
ence, Commercial, Arts and Crafts,
Manual Arts, Elementary, Physical
Education. Salaries consist of cash
stipend, maintenance, and traveling
expenses to field. Full details may be
had at the Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Information.
IC CoatrvJer,6 al Reporter ( I
AN ACCUSING finger was pointed at President
Truman from the campus of the University
of Michigan. Professor Sumner H. Slichter of
Harvard University might have stood tall and
straight and proud when he stated that Presi-
dent Truman was responsible for "rising labor
costs which are behind the current inflationary
Professor Slichter's argument is that the
President's actions in the steel strike caused
most unions to demand larger wage increases
than they would otherwise have asked. A ne-
cessary assumption behind this argument that
wage raises are automatically inflationary is the
belief that wages and profits stand in a fixed
relation to each other . that if wages are in-
creased, profits Imust also be proportionately
increased, or at least that profits CANNOT BE
One might well doubt that Professor Slichter
actually belives this argument. Such state-
ments as he made to The Daily are not econo-
mics; they're simply apologetics. If a man sin-
cerely believes that the functioning of our eco-
nomy depends upon maxiaum profits, he
should say it in so many words. But that was
the concealed thought in Professor Slichter's
analysis, the truth that was never revealed to
the eyes of a doubting world.
There are many bogies and superstitions which
have haunted our country for generations. Men
Menac of Monopolies
DESPITE the antitrust laws which have been
in force for 50 years, with the full support
of both major political parties, a group of indus-
trial monopolies is growing up in the United
States which threatens free enterprise and the
competitive economy which has made the Nation
prosperous. What to do about it is the question.
The recent conviction of three major tobacco
companies under the Sherman Act proves that
an offender need not be a single corporation to
constitute a monopoly . . "The offense of mon-
opolization is complete," wrote Associate Judge
Wiley B. Rutledge in his opinion, "when power
is acquired to exclude competitors."
- -.an honest antitrust prosecution is a de-
fense of free enterprise and free markets. Halt-
ing the tendency toward monopoly means con-
tinuing these priceless privileges. The American
small businessman-caught between big busi-
ness and big unionism-should join the Ameri-
can consumer in more active resistance to the
whole movement toward monopoly.
-The Christian Science Monitor
used to say that potatoes should only be planted
under a full moon; but modern science has laid
that fallacy low. Men (aye; even economists)
still say that wages cannot rise without prices
also increasing. There is no logic in that state-
ment; it is a myth, a fable, an apology for large
profits. It's the sort of thing that one might ex-
pect to hear over the back fence, or around the
stove in the country store.
If the entire wage increases granted in the
recent disputes had been absorbed by the com-
panies, prices would not have risen at all and
there would be no threat of inflation. It was
the contention of the unions that the expected
profits of the companies were sufficiently large
to permit them to grant wage increases with-
out raising prices at all.
In certain industries this contention of the
unions might have been without fundation. BUT
CERTAIN OTHER INDUSTRIES CERTAINLY
COULD HAVE GRANTED WAGE INCREASES
WITHOUT INCREASING THE PRICE OF
THEIR PRODUCTS. For instance, the United
Automobile Workers contended that during 1944
General Motors had received $139 in profits be-
fore taxes for each $137 they had paid in wages.
If prices had been held constant, the wages of
labor could easily have been increased and pro-
fits decreased; but Professor Slichter contends
that this was impossible. He has made no at-
tempt to explain away the above-stated facts,
nor were they denied by General Motors.
Actually of course, the auto manufacturers
have been granted price increases on cars that
more than cover any increase in cost of pro-
duction. Thus their tremendous war-time profits
will be swelled into even greater peace-time pro-
Similarly, in the steel industry which Profes-
sor Slichter cited, the price increases on steel
would pay wage increases three times as large
as those actually granted by the steel companies.
No figures have yet been presented to prove that
such price increases were justified by any in-
crease in the costs of production.
In certain other industries the cost of labor is
but a small fraction of the cost of production.
For instance, only $8 in wages is paid to the
labor used in making a $150 piece of farm equip-
ment. The ratio of labor costs to price is even
lower in such industries as oil refining.
President Truman might actually be a bumb-
ler, a hopeless incompetent. Many people seem
to believe that he is. But a well-known econ-
omist seems to have indicted an innocent man.
Who's he shielding, anyway?
Wesley Foundation Open House in
the Lounge 9 p.m. Saturday. All
Methodist students and their friends
The Ballroom Dancing Class that
regularly meets on Tuesday night
at 7:30, will meet on Wednesday,
Notice to Veterans: All veterans
training under Public Law 346 (GI
Bill of Rights) in order to protect
their future training rights must re-
port to the Veterans Administration,
Rm. 100, Rackham Building, accord-
ing to the following schedule:
Students in the term ending Aug-
ust 9: Report Aug. 5-9.
Students in the term ending Aug-
ust 23: Report Aug. 12-17.
Students whose term ends after
August 23: Report August 19-24.
Veterans' presence is necessary to
fill out a training report and to in-
dicate whether leave is desired.
The office of the Veterans Admin-
istration is open from 8 a.m. to 4:00
p.m. daily and from 8:00 a.m. to noon
Seniors, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts, Schools of Edu-
cation, Music, and Public Health:
Tentative lists of seniors for Sep-
tember graduation have been posted
on the bulletin board in Rm. 4, Uni-
versity Hall. If your name does not
appear, or if included there, is not
correctly spelled, please notify the
Candidates for the Teacher's Cer-
tificate for August: A list of candi-
dates has been posted on the bulletin
board of the School of Education,
Room 1431 University Elementary
School. Any prospective candidate
whose name does not appear on this
list should call at the office of the
Recorder of the School of Educa-
tion, 1437 ' University Elementary
Doctoral Examination for Guy Nor-
man Loofbourrow, Zoology; thesis:
Effects of Enforced Activity and Noise
on Reproduction in the White Footed
Mouse Peromyscus leucopus novebor-
acensis (Fischer)'" Wednesday, Aug.
7, at 2:30 p.m. in Rm. 3091 Natural
Science. Chairman, A. E. Woodward.
CME 210: Seminar meeting on
Tuesday, August 6, in Rm. 3201 East
Engineering Building. The speakers
will be W. W. Herm: Solubility and
Drying Schedule of Saran F120, and
G. Tripathi: Enthalpy Measure-
Carillon Recital: On Sunday, after-
noon, August 4, at 3:00, Percival
Price, University Carillonneur, will
present a recital on the .Charles Baird
Carillon in Burton Memorial Tower.
His recital will include Morceau
fugue No. 7 (for Carillon) by Gheyn,
a group of French songs, Varnenoi
Ostrow by Rubinstein, and a group
Student Recital: On Wednesday
evening, August 7, at 8:30 in Hill
Auditorium, Phyllis Stevenson, or-
ganist, will present her recital in
partial fulfillment of the require-
ments for the degree of Master of
Miss Stevenson's program will in-
clude: Prelude, Fugue, and Chaconne
by Buxtehude, Two Chorale Preludes
by Bach, and Suite for Organ by De
The public is cordially invited.
Student Recital: Friday evening,
August 9, at 8:30 in Pattengill Audi-
torium, Robert G. Waltz, tenor, will
present 'a program in partial fulfill-
ment of the requirements for the de-
gree of Bachelor of Music. Mr.
Waltz's recital will include: selections
by Handel, Mozart, Brahms, Franck,
Rachmaninoff, and Hageman.
Pi Lambda Theta initiation will be
held in the Assembly Room of the
Rackhiam Building on Saturday,
August 3 at 3:00 p.m., instead of on
Tuesday, July 30, as previously an-
'The Graduate Outing Club has
planned biking and swimming for
Sunday, August 4. Those interested
should meet at the Club Rooms in
the Rackham Building at 2:30 p.m.
Sunday. Bring your lunch.
Forum: The Unrest in Palestine:
A lecture and discussion, led by the
Rev. Bernard Heller, Ph.D., author
of "The Odyssey of A Faith," former-
ly with Hillel Foundation, in the
Rackham Amphitheatre, Sunday,
August 4, at 8:15 p.m.
There will be a lecture by John W.
Studebaker, U.S. Commissioner of
Education on Monday, August 5 at
4:10 p.m. in the Rackham Lecture
Hall. The topic will be "The High
School Curriculum in a New World."
There will be a lecture by Howard
A. Meyerhoff, Professor of Geology,
Smith College, Monday, August 5 at
8:10 p.m. in the Rackham Amphi-
theatre. The topic will be "Some
Social Implications of Natural Re-,
There will be a lecture by Leonard
Koos, Professor of Secondary Educa-I
tion, University of Chicago on Tues-
day, August 6 at 4:05 p.m. in the
University High School Auditorium.
The topic will be "Should Schools
Add the Thirteenth and , Fourteenth
Louis Wirth, Professor of Sociology,
University of Chicago, will give a
lecture Tuesday, August 6 at 8:10
p.m. in the Rackham Amphitheatre.
The topic will be "Social Science Re-
search and the Impact of Science
By Crockett Johnson
Student Recital: Betty Jean Huser,
pianist, will present a recital in
Rackham Assembly Hall, Saturday,
August 3, at 8:30. Miss Huser's pro-
gram. will include Toccata in F sharp
minor by Bach; Sonata in E flat
major by Haydn; Sonata No. 1 by
Almand,a and Variations and Fugue
on a Theme by Handel by Brahms.
The recital is given in partial ful-
fillment of the requirements for the
degree of Master of Music.
The public is cordially invited.
Chamber Music Program: The
third in the current series of Sun-
day evening chamber music pro-
grams will include Quartet on a Folk
Theme, which was composed in 1940
by Ross Lee Finney; Quartet Move-
ment in C minor, Op. Posthumous
by Schubert, composed in 18?0; and
Quintet, Op. 57, composed in 1941
by Dmitri Shostakovich. Scheduled
for 8:30 p.m. Sunday, August 4 in the
Rackham Lecture Hall, this program
will be presented by Gilbert Ross and
Lois Porter, violinists, Louise Rood,
violist, Oliver Edel, cellist, and Lee
The program will be open to the
public without charge.
Faculty Concert Series: On Mon-
day evening, August 5, in Rackham
Lecture Hall at 8:30, Lee Pattison,
pianist, will present his fifth pro-
gram in the current series of lecture
recitals. Mr. Pattison's program will
include: Sonata quasi una fantasia,
Op. 27, No. 1, Sonata quasi una fan-
tasia, Op. 27, No. 2. Thirty-two Vari-
ations on a Theme in C minor, and
Sonata, Op. 101 by Beethoven. The
recital is open to the public without
University Symphony Orchestra:
The University Symphony Orchestra,
conducted by Thor Johnson who will
be assisted by Andrew White, bari-
tone, and Joseph Brinkman, pianist,
will present a program in Hill Audi-
torium, Tuesday evening, August 6,
French Club: The fifth meeting
of the French Club will be held Mon-
day, August 5, at 8 p.m. in Rm. 305
of the Michigan Union. Mr.-Richard
Picard, of the Romance language de-
partment, will lead a general discus-
sion on the subject: "Quel message
de l'Amerique dois-je rapporter en
France?" Group singing. Social hour.
Russian Circle (Russky Kruzhok)
will meet at 8 p.m. sharp on Tues-
day, August 6, at Rm. 206, Burton
Tower. Professor Glenn D. McGeoch
of the School of Music will speak
about'the music of Shostakovich and
Prokofieff, illustrating the talk with
recordings. Members of the Russian
Circle, Russian studentshand their
friends are invited.
International Center: Due to re-
decorating, the weekly tea dance this
Friday will be cancelled. The in-
formal tea dances will be resumed
next Friday, August 9, at 4 p.m. in
the Recreation Room of the Inter-
Phi Delta Kappa business
Monday, August 5, at 7:30
the Michigan Union.
Men's Education Club baseball ser-
ies on Tuesday, August 6 at 4:00 p.m.
at South Ferry Field.
Pi Lambda Theta picnic, Tuesday,
August 6 at 5:30 p.m. in the Women's
International Center: The All Na-
tions Club in conjunction with the
International Center resumes the
sponsorship of weekly informal record
tea dances on Friday,' August 9, at
4 p.m. in the Recreation Room of
the International Center. Foreign
students, their guests, and anyone
else interested in dancing is cordially
invited to attend.
International Center: Bridge nights
will continue in the International
Center every Wednesday evening for
th' duravtinof the~ Summer Session.,
' The petition is on the desk, Ellen.
Get as many signatures as you can.
Let's show the Mayor he can't palm
P.~ U S P.t V~.
I'm penning a short note
to His Honor. Explaining
that l amobliged to take
May the best side win, I ad.
Reminding him that i simply
cannot afford to risk losing
You didn't sign your
letter- You signed