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August 03, 1946 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1946-08-03

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CONTROVERSIAL
REPORTER

Swit~t ~

See Page 2

VOL. LVI, No. 23S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, AUGUST 3, 1946

woommoommoo

Walter

Appointed New Dean of Students

-- r

79th Congress Is
Adjourned Early
Term Finished in Midsummer
For First Time in Eight Years
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Aug. 2-The 79th Congress, which wrestled with vast
issues of war and reconversion, passed into history tonight.
The Senate adjourned at 7:27 p.m., and the House at 5:42 p.m. (Cen-
tral Daylight Time), ending the Congress' second session which began last
Jan. 14. It was the first time in eight years that Congress hasgone home in
mid-summer.,
"It is going to be said that many things were left undone by the Con-

Senate Group
Will Continue
Profits Probe
Mortar Shell Inquiry
To Get Top Priority
WASHINGTON, Aug. 2-MP)-The
Senate War Investigating Committee
served notice tonight it will seek out
and expose any "instances of dis-
loyalty and dishonesty on the part of
public officials." .c
The committee announced its pur-
pose in a statement following a closed
session held to plan its work during
the adjournment of Congress.
May Again Named
Earlier in the day EliTha Walker,
investment banker, had told the com-
mittee aboutat unpaid $5,00 note
signed by Chairman May (Dem., Ky.)
of the House Military Committee and
linked the Congressman's name to
the affairs of Murray Garsson, muni-
tions maker, as long ago as 1941.
The committee decided against
holding further public hearings until
after Sept. 1 "except for an emer-
gency."
It annothnced that:
1. The first case to be herd pub-
licly after that date by the full com-
mittee will be on the results of its
inquiry into defective 4.2-inch mor-
tar shells which killed American sol-
diers.
Alaskan Road Studied
2. "Second priority" will be com-
pletion of its investigation of the Al-
askan Highway which will require
field studies by a subcommittee.
3. "In its public hearings, the com-
mittee will undoubtedly deal pub-
licly with cases of war procurement
in all of the principal industries."
Chairman Mead (Dem., N.Y.) has
said that these will include the auto-
motive, aircraft, aluminum and ship-
building industries.
These points would be in addition,
it said, to its investigation of "dis-
loyalty and dishonesty on the part
of public officials, and the slip-shod
business practices generally which
have tended to increase the cost of
the war."
Congress Stops
Raise In Social
Security Tax
WASHINGTON, Aug. 2-(P)-Con-
gress headed off a $2,000,000,000 rise
in 1947 old age and/survivors insur-
ance taxes today, as both Houses
shouted approval of a compromise So-
cial Security Bill freezing the tax
another year at the present one per
cent level.
As it went to the President's desk,
the measure provided approximately
$150,000,000 additional annually for
2,000,000 needy aged persons, 75,000
blind, and 772,000 dependent chil-
dren.
This would amount to about $5 a
month additional for each aged and
blind person and $3 for each depen-
dent child. Rep. Reed (Rep., N.Y.)
commented to the House "what we
are giving the old folks in this bill
wouldn't buy two meals for a mem-
ber of Congress in a Washington res-
taurant."
Moreover, Rep. Monroney (Dem.,
Okla.) said that in freezing the social
security tax for another year "Con-
gress is playing a tragic joke on it-
self. We are risking insolvency of the
social security fund, and later we will
have to take funds from the treasury

egress that should have been done,"
said Speaker Rayburn (Dem., Tex.)
in a .farewell to the House.
"In a few instances this may be
true, but on many occasions it is
better to leave things undone than
to rush them through in too much
of a hurry. There is always a new
session ahead to take care of such
matters."
Barkley Applauds Performance
In the Senate, the summation of
Democratic leader Barkley (Ky.) was
that "on the whole, a magnificent
mass of legislation was enacted."
Barkley termed this Congress "one
of the hardest working, and one of
the hardest worked."
The final business, by a coinci-
dence, could serve to illustrate the
tone of the first and second ses-
sions-:-all-out international coopera-
tion, hot disputes over domestic is-
sues.
Jurisdiction Accepted
A resolution committing the na-
tion to accept the compulsory juris
dictiont of the world court under the
United Nations - something bat-
tled to death in former years-was
passed by the Senate with only two
dissenting votes-those of Senators
Shipstead (Rep., Minn.) and Langer
(Rep., ND.).
On the domestic scene, there was
a row between the Senate and House
over increased federal benefits for
needy persons. The provision was
contained in a bill freezing the social
security tax at one per cent for em-
ployers and employes for another
year. A conference committee finally
worked out a compromise, however,
and the two chambers shouted it
through during the day on voice votes
and sent it to the President.
Reuther Attacks
Auto Production
'Monopoly Rule'
DETROIT, Aug. 2-()-A union-
sponsored labor-management confer-
ence to speed auto production-with
major producers conspicuously ab-
sent-ended today with Walter P.
Reuther charging auto's big three
with "monopoly controls."
Immediately denied in manage-
ment circles, the accusation was
made by the CIO United Auto Work-
ers' president after he and other
union officials had consulted for 90
minutes with representatives of three
companies about obstacles in the way
of faster car production.
Only Kaiser-Frazer Corp., Willys-
Overland Motors, Inc., and Stude-
baker Corp., which together turn
out a relatively small proportion of
the industry's vehicles, accepted the
UAW-CIO's invitation to discuss pro-
duction problems.
The conferees agreed a shortage of
basic raw materials was the prime
trouble, and Joseph W. Frazer, pres-
ident of Kaiser-Frazer, asked the
CIO's assistance, asserting:
"If the CIO can help us get these
materials, the CIO will help our-
selves and all of America."
No specive proposals came out of
the conference, but the companies
agreed to get together individually
with the union in cooperative ef-
forts to overcome a production lag

TENNESSEE CANDIDATE VOTES -- With all five of her children in
tow, Mrs. Leah Richardson arrives at a Memphis, Tenn., polling place
to vote for herself for governor in Tennessee's Democratic primary. She
lacked organized backing.
EYE-WITNESS STORY:
Veterans Keep Uneasy Peace
After Election Day Gun Battle

ATHENS, Tenn., Aug. 2-(P)-An
uneasy. peace settled over this town
today following a bloody, six-hour
battle which left 18 wounded as com-
bat-wise veterans forced the sur-
render of a score or more deputized
officers barricaded in the McAinn
County jail.
Dawn found this city of 6,930 with-
Willow Village
Salutes New
Social Center
The West Court Building of Willow
Village will have its official opening
with a dance and card party at 8
p.m. tonight.
The building, on Midway Boule-
vard between Clark and Holmes
Road, is being opened by the Uni-
versity for the use of married vet-
erans and their families. The de-
tainls of the opening are being
handled by the Wives of Student Vet-
erans organization.
West Court Building will provide
facilities for sewing, cooking, indoor
sports, and perhaps typing, as well
as a place to hold suppers,; dances,
parties, and lectures. Mrs. Richard
Pooley, who will be the social direc-
tor of West Court, will have her of-
fice there.
Sharfnian To Head
Wage Dispute Board
Prof. A. L. Sharfman, chairman of
the economics department, will head
an emergency board set up to con-
sider a wage dispute affecting 2,700
pullman conductors, President Tru-
man announced yesterday.
Board members serving with Prof.
Sharfman are Prof. Walton Hamilton
of the Yale University law school and
Judge Robert G. Simmons of the Ne-
braska Supreme Court.
The board was set up July 27 as a
measure to halt a threatened nation-
wide strike August 7 of pullman con-
ductors.

out any legal law enforcement of-
ficers, but with patrols of ribe-armed
veterans patrolling the streets to
maintain order.
The battle followed a bitter polit-
ical campaign which left nervesataut.
An all-veteran slate of candidates
had come forward in opposition to
the one advanced by State Senator
Paul Cantrell, head of the local
Democratic organization here for 10
years.
An eye witness to the beginning
of the trouble, which later was to
fill this town, located halfway be-
tween Knoxville and Chattanooga,
with the sound of nmusketry, was
James E. Jarvis, managing editor of
the Chattanooga Times.
Said Jarvis, "As we stood on a
crowded sidewalk across the street
from the polling place, which had
closed to start the ballot counting,
we saw the plate glass doors shat-
tered by the impact of two bodies,
those of two election officials station-
ed there by the all-GI ticket.
"These two youths were still on
their knees when Deputy Sheriff
Windy Wise strode out of the broken.
door, a pistol in his hand."
Georgia Voting
v ou
Methods Tested
BRUNSWICK, Ga., Aug. 2-(A)-
The Federal courts were asked today
to nullify the nomination of Gene
Talmadge as governor on the grounds
Georgia's unique primary system is
unocnstitutional.
Under the system of counting votes,
intended to give political dominance
to rural Georgia, Talmadge lost the
popular vote in the July 17 Demo-
cratic primary but won on the unit
vote.
The Democratic nomination is
equivalent to election.
Attorneys filing the suit in Dis-
trict Court charged the county unit
system, traditional in Georgia, is
contrary to the clause in the 14th
Amendment of the U.S. Constitu-
tion.

Ethiopia Asks
For Colonies
From Italy
Claim Opens Paris
Peace Conference
By The Associated Press
PARIS, Aug. 2-Ethiopia asked the
peace conference today to award her
Italy's East African colonies of Eri-
trea and Somaliland, which she said
were "wrung from her by Italian ag-
gression."
The first nation to make a claim
to the 21 peace-drafting countries
against the colonial empire Maisso-
lini forged with arms, Ethiopia-
through her chief delegate Vice For-
eign Minister Aklilou Abte Wolde-
also said she expected to ieceive rep-
arations from Italy.
Ignores Decision
The Ethiopian delegate made his
country's claim for annexation of the
two colonies despite the fact that the
four-power foreign ministers council
agreed to shelve the Italian colonial
question for a year. The ministers,
however, had decided to return the
Dodecanese Islands to Greece.
Other early victims of Mussolini's
and Hitler's aggression-Czechoslo-
vakia and Poland-preceded Ethiopia
in airing their grievances and de-
manding security in the future to-
day in a plenary session in Luxem-
bourg Palace.
Argue Over Chairman
The round of speeches followed a
battle between the big and small
powers over whether the post of
conference chairman should be per-
manent or rotate among the four
major powers. The small powers
argued for a permanent chairman,
suggesting President Georges Bidault
of France, but Foreign Minister M. V.
Molotov of Russia led the opposition
to this, and the rules comnittee ad-
journed a three-hour session without
a decision.
Speech Started
With First Lie,
Expert Claims
When prehistoric man lied to pre-
historic woman, human speech be-
gan.
This probable beginning of verbal
communication was described by
Prof. Edgar H. Sturtevant of Yale
University, speaking at the first ses-
sion of the American Linguistics So-
ciety yesterday.
The first human speech, beginning
probably in the deliberate deception
of one human being by another, was
described by Prof Sturtevant as be-
ing composed largely 9f wordless
cries, like that of animals. The first
"conscious, voluntary communica-
tion," however, was probably, he con-
tinued, the result of one person's de-
sire to make another believe some-
thing which was untrue.
Human speech differs fundament-
ally from animal communication,
Prof. Sturtevant declared, in that it
is learned by imitation, whereas an-
imal. sounds are instinctive. He
pointed out that one species of an-
imal always has the same cry, re-
gardless of individual environment.
Other speakers yesterday included
Adelaide Hahn of Hunter College,
president of the Society, and Prof.
Kenneth L. Pike-of the University of
Oklahoma.
Speakers at this morning's session
will be Prof. H. Penzl of the Univer-
sity of Illinois, Prof. J. K. Yamagiwa
of the University of Michigan, Prof.

E. A. Nida and Prof. F. Frauchiger of
the University of Oklahoma, Prof. T.
A. Sebeok of the University of Indi-
ana and B. Elson and Joyce Jenkins
of the Michigan Summer Institute of
Linguistics.

Erich A Walter, associate dean of the literary college, has accepted the
appointment to succeed Dean of Students Joseph A. Bursley, who will go
on retirement furlough next Feb. 1.
Selection of Dean Walter for the position was decided upon at the July
26 meeting of the Board of Regents, but announcement was delayed by
Provost James P. Adams' office until the acceptance had been declared.'
Dean Bursley, who will reach retirement age on June 14 of next year,
* * * joined the faculty 42 years ago, in
1904, as an instructor in mechanical
engineering and has been a professor
since 1917. In 1921 he assumed the
duties of dean of students in addition
to his teaching duties. He was one of
the first in the country to hold such a
position.
Served Since 1919
Dean Walter became a member of
the faculty in 1919 as an instructor
in rhetoric, and has been associate
professor of English since 1935. From
1938 to 1945, he also seived as assist-
ant to the dean of the College of Lit-
erature, Science and the Arts and
last year was made associate dean.
His duties as assistant and assoc-
iate dean have been concerned with
supervision of the academic work of
literary college students. This has
included being chairman of the Ad-
ministrative Board which decides on
ERICH A WALTER probations, warnings and expulsions.
Accepts post as dean of students His various other duties have in-
* *cluded the chairmanship of the com-
mittees on combined curricula. He
also supervises the granting of liter-
ary college scholarships.
First Dean, of Students
Dean Bursley was chosen as the
first dean of students at the Uni-
versity when that office was created
.s in 1921 by the late President Marion
L. Burton. Although at the time the
office was established the duties were
undefined, the work now assigned to
the dean of students include the in-
spection of rooming-houses for men,
the administration of the automobile
regulation imposed by the Regents,
the auditing of the accounts of stu-
dent organizations, the supervision
of the financial affairs and of the.
rules of eligibility for participation
in extracurricular affairs other than
athletic, and the maintenance of a
personal. record card for each stu-
dent.
The dean of students is ex-officio
JOSEPH A. BURSLEY chairman of the committee on stu-
... Will retire after 25 years as dean dent affairs and of the committees
of students. on student conduct and on the Hon-
ors Convocation. He is also an ex-
officio member of the University
British General Senate, the University Council, the
dean's conference, the Board in Con-
trol Fof Student Publications, the
connittee on theatre policy and
practice, the executive committee of
the Interfraternity Council and the
Attac Unius Orientation-Period Committee.

HELPS REVITALIZE MILITIA:
Tice Named National Guard Area Director

s

By JOSEPH FREIN
Major John L. Tice, former com-
mander of Ann Arbor's NationaL
Giard unit. Comnany K. vesterday

tablish his headquarters at Saginaw,
Michigan.
In his new position, Major Tice
wil hp nnp ^f iahi.n+ dps +trnlnnp

cleus of the new Michigan division
recently was accorded the honor of
retaining its old designation in recog-
nifin of +th a hai mmokA+.np,.-

Tice has been active in National
Guard work at intervals since first
joining the local unit in 1921. In 1926,
he entered the Marine Corps, with

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