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VOL. LV., No. 18 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JULY 27, 1945
evr avored as New oreign ecre
PRICE FIVE CENTS
To Cast Votes
In 3 Elections
Are Ballot Issues
In today's election, the first of the
summer term, a foreign university is
to , be adopted, three Union vice-
presidents, and two sophomore rep-
resentatives to the Egineering
Council will be chosen.
Students must present their iden-
tification cards in order to vote.
From the, Universities of Athens,
Kiev, Philippines, Strasbourg, Tsing
Hua and Warsaw, students will
choose one to be the recipient of
supplies for aid in rehabilitation.
Engineering school candidates for
Union vice-president are Thomas
Donnelly, Henry Fonde and Robert
Royce. Tom Heaton and Richard
Hurd are contesting for the office
from L. S. & A., while William Crick
and Edward Miquelon, both of the
See candidates' statement of
qualifications . . . Page 5.
school of business adminstration,
are running for the combined schools'
Henry Kaminski will oppose Eu-
gene Sikorousky for the position of
sophomore representative to the En-
gineering Council. Two freshmen,
positions on the Council will go un-
contested to Everett Ellin and Her-
Eligibility for Voting
;All students are eligible to vote for
a 'foreign university, but only sopho-
mores in the school of engineering
may vote for the Councilmember.
Persons may choose only from can-
didates of the school in which they
are enrolled for the Union vice-pres-
Polling places will be open from
8:45 a. m. to 2:15 p. m. EWT (7:45
a. m. to 1:15 p. m. CWT) at the E-
gineering arch, the diagonal and be-
tween the Romance Language Build-
ing and Tappan Hall.
GUAM, Friday, July 27-()-Ra-
dio silence cloaked the activities and
whereabouts of Admiral Halsey's
Third Fleet today as Allied strikes
against the Japanese empire were
confined to land-based aerial actions.
The last report on the great Amer-
ican and British force which smashed
at the Japanese fleet remnants Tues-
day and against baseston the Inland
Sea Wednesday was contained in
yesterday's communique, which said
Wednesday's action was limited to
hitting small vessels and damaging
ground installations because of ex-
tremely bad weather.
Admiral Nimitz' communique to-
day made no mention of Halsey's
War Casualties Are
More Than Million
WASHINGTON, July 26 - (P) -
American casualties of the war now
total 1,058,842, a gain of 5,741 over
last week's report.
A breakdown showed the following
casualties for the two services, by
categories, and the comparative fig-
ures for a week ago:
Army-killed 196,918 and 194,447;
wounded 569,696 and 568,976; missing
35,708 and- 36,303; prisoners 117,898
Navy-killed 51,219 and 50,363;
wounded 72,066 and 70,072; missing
11,578 and 11,431; prisoners 3,759 and
Michigan's student body faces its first election of this sum-
mer and more significant than the results of this election will be
the degree of intelligence and participation exhibited by the stu-
Past elections have demonstrated an amazing apathy on the
part of the student body. It is this complacency transferred
into national elections that results in machine control and boss
rule. The same thing can happen in the campus election unless
there is a high degree of participation by the students.
The issues to be voted on are not minor issues. At stake
are positions on the Engineering Council, vice-presidencies of
the Union, and the selection of a foreign university for adop-
tion by the Student Organization for International Coopera-
Yet, mere casting of a ballot is not enough. What is de-
manded is intelligent voting. The Daily has undertaken to
educate the voters by making them aware of the issues to be
decided. A series of articles has been published describing the
devastated universities, one of whch will be adopted by SOIC
to aid in its reconstruction.
There can be no excuse for either non-voting or unintelli-
gent voting. This election puts the responsibility of casting a
significant ballot on each student. This election should not be
determined by a small, non-representative vote..
Further evidences of non-voting or unintelligent voting
will only point to reforms in the selection of campus officers.
Certainly the present system is democratic. Any reform could
possibly be in the opposite direction.
NOTE-In order to vote, students must claim their identifica-
tion cards in Room 2, University Hall, if they have not done so
already. -Arthur B. Gronik
'Prompt Jap Destruction
Unite As One
Dr. Burt Lectures
At Postwar Meeting
"A mere glance at the distribution
of power in the world suggests that
the British need us and we need
them as a counterpoise against the
Russians," Alfred L. Burt, professor
of history at the University of Min-
nesota, said last night in his lecture,"
"Canada as a Test of Cooperation
Between the United States and the
"We simply have to cooperate
with the British and the Russians,
despite the perverse preaching of
some of our big newspapermen and
a few of our little politicians who
apparently believe-they can hard-
ly be said to think-that our prop-
er policy is to bait the bear and
twist the lion's tail," he said at the
eighth lecture in the Conference
on the United States in the Post-
Stating that this war will leave only
three great powers in the world and
that they must cooperate to prevent
the world from falling apart, Prof.
Burt pointed out that "as we sur-
passed Britain, so Russia seems bound
to surpass us, probably within the
Speaking of Great Britain, he said,
"Strategically they are by far the
most vulnerable of the Big Three, and
therefore under the greatest com-
pulsion to cooperate."
Canada poses a special problem
in the cooperation between these
latter two countries, Prof. Burt
"Truly neither Canada nor the
United States can view its relations
with the other as falling within the
ordinary category of foreign rela-
tions, for they have taken on too
much of a domestic character," he
Speaking on "Canadian-American
Experience in Educational Coopera-
tion" in the afternoon session, Dr.
Charles E. Phillips, professor of the
history of education at Ontario Col-
lege of Education in the University
of Toronto, called for "new ventures
in educational cooperation planned
by the Canada-United States Com-
mittee on Education.
* * *
DEFEATED PRIME MINISTER-Recent picture of Winston Churchill
taken while the former British prime minister was campaigning during
ENDS 33 YEAR'S SERVICE
Prof.L Gram, Drector of
'U' Plant Extension, Retires
By The Associated Press 0
POTSDAM, July 26-The United
States, Britain and China demanded
tonight that Japan"proclaim now
the unconditional surrender of all
Japanese armed forces" or undergo
"prompt and utter destruction."
In an historic joint ultimatum,
President Truman, Generalissimo
Chiang Kai-Shek and retiring Prime
Minister Churchill asserted they
"have conferred and agreed that
Japan shall be given the opportu-
nity to end this war."
Clearly stating "our terms" under
such surrender, the proclamation de-
clared "We will not deviate from
them. There are no alternatives; we
shall brook no delay."
Greater and more terrible Allied
armed might than conquered Ger-
many now is "poised to strike the
final blows at Japan," it asserted.
The terms demanded:
Limiting Japanese sovereignty to
the four major Japanese home islands
"and such minor islands as we deter-
Exists at U. of I.
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. July 26--(R)-
Because of a drastic housing short-
age in Champaign-Urbana, the Uni-
versity of Illinois today announced
out-of-state women students who
have not previously attended the Uni-
versity would not be admitted to the
University for the 1945-46 academic
1. A permit to enter was issued
prior to July 1, 1945; 2. At least one
of their parents is an alumnus of
the University; 3. They plan to live
with'relatives in Urbana-Champaign
who do not regularly rent rooms to
mine"-carrying out the Cairo dec-
Elimination of Japanese leaders
who embarked on world conquest, and
destruction of Japanese war-making
Occupation of Japanese territory
until a new order "of peace, security
and justice" shall be established.
"We do not intend that the Japa-
nese shall be enslaved as a race or
destroyed as a nation," the procla-
mation asserted, "but stern justice
shall be meted out to all war crimi-
nals, including those who have visit-
ed cruelties upon our prisoners."
Japanese military forces, after be-
ing disarmed, "shall be permitted to
return to their homes with the op-
portunity to lead peaceful and pro-
ductive lives," the document prom-
Further, "Japan shall be permit-
ted to maintain such industries .as
will sustain her economy and permit
the payment of just reparations in
kind, but not those industries which
will enable her to rearm for war.
"The occupying forces of the Al-
lies shall be withdrawn from Japan
as soon as these objectives have been
accomplished and there has been
established in accordance with the
freely-expressed will of the Japanese
people a peacefully inclined and re-
Meet Weak Defense
MANILA, July 27 -(0)- Australian
troops, moving steadily northward
along the inland road from Balik-
papan, Borneo, are encountering
small groups of Japanese some six
miles north of the fallen enemy
strongpoint of Batochampar, it was
announced at Gen. MacArthur's
Talk on U.
"Problems in the Relations of the]
United States and Canada" will be+
discussed by Prof. Reginald G. Trot-1
ter of Queen's University, Ontario,1
as part of the Conference on the
United States in the Postwar World,
at 2:30 p. m. EWT (1:30 p. m. CWT)
today in Room 316-20 of the Union.
Prof. Trotter, who will be intro-
duced by Dean Lloyd Woodward, As-
sistant Dean of the literary college,
will be followed by a symposium di-
rected by Dean Russell A. Stevenson
of the business administration school.
Dr. Joseph E. Johnson, State De-
partment Chief of the Division of
International Security Affairs, will
discuss "American Security and
World Security" at 8:15 p. m. EWT
(7:15 p. m. CWT) today in the Rack-
ham Lecture Hall. Prof. Johnson
will be introduced by Prof. William
B. Wilcox of the history department.
Of Petaim Plot
PARIS, July 26-(R)-A surprise
witness at the treason trial of Mar-
shal Petain testified today that the
old soldier was formulating plans as
early as 1939 to become head of the
The witness, Armand Gazel, had
been counsellor of the French em-
bassy in Spain while Petain was
there as ambassador.
He appeared briefly at the end of
the fourth day of the Marshal's trial
in which two parliamentary leaders,
Pules Jeanneney and Louis Morin,
explained how Petain gained dic-
tatorial power. They charged with
moral guilt Petain and all those who
demanded an armistice.
Jeanneney said that Petain and
Pierre Laval, now- in Spanish deten-
tion ."made onmmon cause" and that
Prof. Lewis M. Gram, director of
University Plant Extension since 1930
and a member of the faculty for
almost 33 years, yesterday began a
terminal leave preceding his retire-
Known throughout the nation
for his civil engineering projects,'
On Peace Plan
WASHINGTON, July 26. .-(P)_-
Eighty-year-old Arthur Capper, who
voted against the League of Na-
tions in 1919, reversed his position to-
day and told the senate the United
Nations organization to keep the
peace "will work."
The Kansas Republican, who rare-
ly makes a speech any more, told his
colleagues on the fourth day of de-
bate on the United Nations Charter
that it had a greater chance of suc-
cess than the old league ever had.
This, he said, is because of the
realization that, unless-the Big Five
powers-particularly the Big Three
-work together in the postwar world,
"the prospects of avoiding a World
War III are slender indeed."
Senator Eastland (D.-Miss.) de-
clared the charter is a "powerful
weapon to preserve the peace," espe-
cially when viewed in conjunction
with economic world collaboration.
He went on to say he believed in
"reasonable cooperation" with Rus-
sia but declared "America's resources
must not be spent to promote com-
munism in Europe."
Eastland added that he hoped the
Potsdam Conference would result in
Prof. Grama is largely responsible
for planning the University'sf
$8,000,000 postwar building pro-
gram. He served as chairman of,
the civil engineering department.
Prof. Gram has been a member of
the faculty since 1912, havingrad-
uated from the University in 1901.
During his stay here, the University
plant was enlarged by $12,000,000
worth of facilities.
Construction projects in which
Prof. Gram took part are: the Legal
Research Building, the 2-story addi-
tion to University Hospital, Hutch-
ins Hall, the Burton Memorial Tow-
er, Rackham Graduate School, Vic-
tor Vaughn House, Eastand West
Quadrangles, the Health Service, and
the Kellogg Institute.
He developed plans for proposed
East Quadrangle, the new women's
dormitory and the married stu-
dents housing project. Beginning
construction date on these build-
ings has not been announced.
In the field of bridge building, Prof.
Gram was consultant engineer on
the Belle Isle (Detroit) bridge pro-
ject, in addition to three similar De-
troit Area projects.
Formerly a member of the Ann
Arbor City Council, Prof. Gram is
chairman of the board of directors of
the Ann Arbor Trust Co. He has
served as a member of the University
Board in Control of Athletics.
Temporarily replacing the 69-
year-old retiring expert as chair-
man of the civil engineering de-
partment is Engineering School
Dean Ivan C. Crawford.
'Japan Will Be Natioir
GUAM, July 27-(/P)-More than
350 American B-29s fire bombed three
Japanese cities today in the third
raid in four days of a blazing cam-
paign which Lt. Gen. James H. Doo-
little declared would turn Nippon
into a nation of cityless nomads.
A medium-sized force of Super-
forts struck before dawn, raining
more than 2,200 tons of incendiaries
on the industrial centers of Omuta,
Matsuyama and Tokuyama, all in
Second Raid on Omuta
It was the second fire raid on
Omuta, important chemical center
and coal port of 177,000 population
on Kyushu Island. The city pre-
viously was hit June 18.
Matsuyama and Tokuyama got
their first baptism of American fire.
They were hit previously with demo-
Morrison Slated To
By The Associated Press
LONDON, July 26-Clement Attlee
vill be able to surround himself with
strong, experienced cabinet when
ie becomes prime minister, and most
>bservers favor Ernest Bevin to be-
ome his foreign secretary.
Many of the labor party leaders
Nho loom the largest for ministerial
appointments served in the wartime
oalition government that waged war
Attlee Directed War Machine
Attlee himself was deputy prime
ninister, and many times directed
he British war machine when Chur-
:hill was away from the country.
Bevin, generally favored to succeed
Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden,
was Minister of Labor and marshalled
the country's full resources in man
and womanpower during the Euro-
pean phase of the war.
Most political experts slated Her-
bert Morrison, tough old party man
from the east end, to become chan-
cellor of the Exchequer. He was Min-
ister of Home Security and Home
Secretary in the coalition.
labor Leaders Mentioned for Posts
Other experienced labor leaders and
the posts for which they are promi-
nently mentioned are:
A. V. Alexander, first lord of the
admiralty, which he heldunder the
Hugh Dalton, president of the
Board of Trade, his coaltion,post.
He also is mentioned as possible* F6r-
eign Secretary or chancellor of the
Sir Stafford Cripps, Secretary of
State for India. He was coalition
minister of airport production.
Arthur Greenwood, Home Secre-
Arthur Henderson, Secretary of
There also was speculation that two
women might be named to the cabi-
net. One is Miss Ellen Wilkinson,
former parliamentary secretary for
the home office, who is mentioned for
the Ministry of Education, or Mini-
stroy of Health. Dr. Edith Summer-
skill also may be slated for a cabi-
U. of Athens
About 80 per cent of the former
students of the University of Athens
have tuberculosis or malaria.
A school with a pre-war enroll-
ment of more than 10,000 today has
in attendance the lowest number of
students in its history. Many of the
.uudents will never be able to return.
When the Italians invaded north-
ern Greece on Holy Friday, 1940, stu-
dents left school to organize the Sac-
red Battalion. They fought through-
out the war indAlbania, France, Af-
rica, Egypt and Sicily before some
of them were able to return to
There are few professors left. Most
of them were executed, and the rest
fled to Alexandria and London.
University buildings were occupied
either by the Gestapo of German
military authorities, and some dam-
age was done.
All the books have been burned,
and food and clothing is scarce.
The scene has changed from the
days when spirited students' would
stage a strike in protest of the oust-
ing of some popular professor.
The academic life of that time
was very much like that of Michi-
gan's. Many of the students came
from foreign countries on scholar-
Campus buildings were construct-
ed in the same style as the famed
Parthenon, and the main halls were
located near the Acropolis. The
chool of Forestry was situated on a
mountain from which one could
view the whole state of Attica.
The cradle of western culture is
not so bright today. Greece was a
comparatively poor country before
the war, but now she is poverty
opening the way
porters to go into
'ADOPTION' AT UNION:
Funds for 'U Supplies To Be
raised at SOIC Dance
Damper Put oii
WASHINGTON, July 26-(I)--The
White House put a damper today on
"junket" plans of many members of
Congress who had hoped to spend
the Congressional recess touring the
In effect, the President said stay
home or pay -your own expenses un-
less the trip has formal approval of
An estimated 100 House members
had arranged official and unofficial
foreign tours between now and the
re-opening of Congress on October 8.
Just how many will be affected by
President Truman's directive on the
subject was uncertain.
Committees already authorized to
Today Campus elections.
Today Prof. Reginald G. Trot-
ter will speak at the Post-
war Conference on "Prob-
lems in the Relations of
the United States and
Canada" at 2:30 p. m.
EWT "1:30 p. m. CWT)
in Rm. 316, Union.
Today Dr. Palmer Throop will
talk on "Judaism and the
Funds for supplies to send to the
adopted foreign university will be
raised at the "Adoption Dance" to be
held from 9 p. m. to midnight EWT
(8 to 11 p. m. CWT) tomorrow in the
Featured entertainment during the
intermission will be a program of
native dances rendered by foreign
students of the University.
dance to conclude the entertain-
Announcement of the foreign uni-
versity chosen for adoption at today's
election will be made at the dance.
Chaperones for the evening will be
Mr. and Mrs. Richard Hanau, Mr. and
Mrs. A. K. Stevens, Dr. and Mrs.
Werner Striedieck and Prof. and