PAGE TWO .,
-TTHE MICHIGEAN DAILY'
SATURDAY, JULY 14, 1945
Sto the 6daitor
Truman Proves A bility in Poker.
The VO and A VC
- - -~~4'" I
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board of Control
of Student Publications. The Summer Daily is pub-
lished every day during the week except Monday and
. . Managing Editor
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. . . .Associate Editor
* . . . Sports Editor
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Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
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Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46
NIGHT EDITOR: CAROL ZACK
editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
THE CURRENT NEWSPAPER deliverymen's
strike in New York city has attracted nation-
wide attention. It is a matter of importance
when a considerable portion of the nation is
denied the services of the press and strike-
breaking becomes the rule. The issues involved
are worth looking into.
The Independent Deliverymen's Union de-
mand that the publishers pay an amount
equal to three per, cent of the deliverymen's
payroll to go into a welfare fund. This fund
will be administered jointly by the union and
the publishers for sick and disability benefits.
The publishers refused and referred the case
to the War Labor Board. This was a nice way
of saying no for they know the WLB will not
approve when employers refuse. But the WLB
does approve when employers agree to the wel-
fare fund. This is the point over which the de-
liverymen are striking.
The publishers propose to restore delivery.
They are threatening to use non-union deliv-
ery men and break the Independent Delivery-
men's Union. It is difficult to say which side
is right but this much is definite. If the
publishers wish to end the strike and resume
deliveries union-busting is not the way to do it.
The publishers threat to bring in war veterans
to break the picket line and "preserve the
rights for which they fought" is so much dyna-
The main issue now is whether or not the New
York newspaper publishers are going to lead the
attempt that appears to be inevitably coming to
destroy effective unionism in the United States.
A more efficient way to end the strike would
be to proceed with collective bargaining which
the WLB has sanctioned. There has been
no direct meeting between the publishers
and representatives of the union. The deliv-
erymen are willing to negotiate but the
publishers have renained silent. Evidently
strike-breaking and union busting are cheap-
"THE TIME HAS COME" reads a recent edit-
orial by Jack Weiss "for us to speak our
piece as ex-servicemen." What his speech seem-
ed to consist of was a panning of the Ameri-
can Legion and the Veterans' Organization here
on campus. If the time has come for an ex-
ser'iceman to speak, it is necessitated by Mr.
Weiss's clarion call to the Veterans of the
campus to battle here at the University by " .. .
setting up an efficient and meaningful group
I'D RATHER HE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
IT COMES AS A SHOCK to find that we can
no longer take the sleeper from New York to
Washington, but must sit up in coach or chair
car, and this after victory in Europe. There is
also going to be a coal shortage this winter. The
new Secretary of Agriculture, Mr. Anderson, has
asked that no more grain be used for making
beverage alcohol after August 1st.
All this runs counter to the neat little pat-
tern we have been carrying around in our
minds, to the effect that home front circum-
stances were going to become quite a little
easier after the end of the war in Europe, and
then there would be a fairly comfortable in-
terim period until the end of the war in Asia,
after which things were going to be a lot bet-
ter; onward and upward, step by step, through
progressively more comfortable "phases" on
the home front.
THE "PHASE" THEORY is largely eyewash.
and, especially in the crude form in which it
has been accepted by the public, shows little
understanding of the profound disturbance made
in human affairs by a major war. One does not
step out of war as out of. a swimming pool, step
by step, leaving the water behind. But our de-
sire to get on to the next and easier "phase" is
so strong in us, that we are botching the end of
the war to bring it about.
We are leaving France, and we are leaving it
hungry, and denuded of transportation (though
we enter into solemn agreements on the feeding
We are leaving Italy, and we are leaving it in
the grip of a walloping inflation, with $30-a-
month workers trying to keep afloat in a $2-a-
cake-of-soap economy; and observers note that
special, sad kind of prostitution on the streets of
Italy, which flares up only during inflations.
We are pulling our troops out of Europe, as
Miss Anne O'Hare McCormick has noted in the
New York Times, before anything has been
settled or decided or stabilized; and we have
even stolen a little bit of meat out of the
European relief program, hardly endugh for a
few ounces apiece here at home, but enough to
show how determined we are to prove that our
affairs must become easier once the shooting
stops; we are going to force history into our
neat little pattern, in defiance of all fact.
THAT the "phase" pattern has gripped us, like
a kind of fantasy, is shown by our enormous
effort to get the automobile industry started
again, somehow, between the days of western
and eastern victory. The automobile industry
has been given the signal to go ahead, but it
turns out now that it is short of no less than 45
critical items, such as sheet steel, tin and cad-
mium, and it has turned to Washington for help
in getting them.,
Those shortages cannot be a matter of great
surprise to competent people in the field; they
must have known; but they were not allowed to
interfere with the dream. It will be interesting
to watch the automobile industry as a barometer
of reconversion; it is in the best position of any
industry to obtain supplies, it has the most se-
cure grip on the producers of basic materials,
and if it can't obtain them, we shall know that
we tried to jump the gun.
But we are racing toward normality, in full
cry, running and stumbling, refusing even to
look at any sign-post that might delay us, and
in this, our primitive conception of war's end,
lies a very "real danger to ourselves and to the
world. For the great aftermaths of total war,
from hunger to redeployment to reconstruc-
tion, have become, in our minds, mere petty
obstacles, to be brushed aside like flies, or step-
ped around; and as a result we are continually
tieing brought up short, in mock surprise, be-
fore barriers that are plainly marked on every
map except the unreal one we have decided to
(Copkright, 1945, New York Post Syndicate)
to take a leading role in campus affairs, to fight
the good fight for peace, security and freedom."
You are correct, Mr. Weiss, in assuming that
the Veterans' Organization is not a fighting
organization. We feel that the College is do-
ing all that it can to help the Veteran on the
campus, and that we can best help them to
help us by cooperating with them. It is true
that we in the Organization are trying to help
each other by working together over the var-
ious problems which are brought in-of study-
ing, of housing. We hope to fill a need through
social and fraternal activities.
I, for one, feel that my wife and I are bene-
fitted through these social affairs. We meet
other veterans and their wives whose interests
and problems are similar to ours. In other words,
the V. O. is merely extending the helpfulness,
friendliness and cooperation of the Univer-
sity to all veterans through the Veterans' Or-
Our organization is a small one, as yet. But
we are not trying to inject any "serum of enthu-
siasm" into the arms of the veterans. We are
finished with such injections, we hope. We are
going to build up the organization so that more
veterans can enjoy its benefits, if they wish.
Nor are we creating an organization because we
think the Veterans should be "leaders on cam-
pus." If the Veterans become leaders, it will
be because we have earned that right through
our contribution to campus affairs, not because
we have joined an organization whose purpose
is to become leaders.
The Veterans Organization is strictly a cam-
pus affair. It is not affiliated with any out-
side organization, and has no other interest
than helping the University of Michigan vet-
If you think you can help us with these
aims, Mr. Weiss, we'd like to sign you up!
-Lawrence A. Welsch
Treasurer of V. O.
* ** *
THE BURTON MEMORIAL TOWER, as an
architectural structure, contributes greatly to
the inspiration I derive from this campus. Be-
sides enlivening our village skyline, its staunch
and soaring lines support the needed time piece
for many an otherwise timeless student.
But it has come to my attention of late that
ticking off the hour for the students' use is
the only way in which the tower actually co-
ordinates its activities with those of the cam-
As our activities move out of doors for the
summer, the extent to which we are to be
plagued with tonal renditions should, it seems
to me, be under our control in some way. An
impromptu recital though arising with genuine
spontaneity from the musician's soul can be
rather inconvenient. Note in particular the
performance the other evening which seriously
interfered with the attempts of a most worthy
student group to hold a meeting on the steps of
the Rackham Building.
The music from the tower bells could play
an integral part in campus activities if it
functioned with the students instead of oper-
ating with complete disregard for student
BY WILLIAM S. GOLDSTEIN
THIS IS APPARENTLY football weather for
some, for we hear that Michigan has already
started football practice. There are one or two
backward Southern schools that don't start
practicing football until fall.
* x *
We read in our favorite campus daily re-
cently that one of the more prominent mid-
Western schools is going to lower its entrance
requirements with a specific end in view, not
to mention a promising tackle and an all-state
We aren't sports authorities by any means, but
Michigan's chances of coining through the sea-
son undefeated are about as slim as an Ann
The game with Annapolis is going to be the
biggest naval engagement since a rear-
admiral's daughter dropped out of circulation.
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON - One complaint
President Truman constantly
makes to old friends in the Senate
is: "You don't know how lonely I
But the President was not lonely on
his last night in Independence, Mo.
It was one of his most enjoyable eve-
nings since he entered the White
House. Truman spent it playing poker
with old friends, all members of the
"Harpy Club," an organization of
Independence business men, founded
in 1925. The game was at the home
of Louis L. Compton, owner and
manager of an Independence bottling
Truman, as the home-town boy
who made good, was given the
honor of dealing the first hand.
It was dealer's choice and he chose
All players, nine of them, dropped
out except the President and John
Hutchinson, an Independence coal
dealer. Six cards were dealt. Hutch-
inson had two jacks showing and an-
other jack down.
The President, who had bluffed
Hutchinson into two raised, had two
queens showing and nothing down
except a nine-spot and a seven-spot.
Came the last card. Hutchinson
drew a tray, Truman a queen. That
gave the President three queens to
Hutchinson's three jacks, and he
raked in the pot.
It amounted to $1.65.
Note- Missouri friends are hop-
ing Truman will be just as good a
poker player when he sits down
with the best of all diplomatic card
sharks - Joe Stalin.
WHEN the War Department an-
nounced its demobilization plan
on May 12, it set up the 85 point re-
quirement for discharge and also an-
nounced that a revised figure would
be given within 45 days, or by June
27. It is now July 14, and millions
of men are still waiting for that an-
Meanwhile more headaches,
heartaches and resentment have
developed over discharges than
almost anything in the Army.
Some of this is unavoidable. Some,
on the other hand, seems due to
army inefficiency, including the
amount of discretion allowed indi-
vidual officers and units.
For instance, the air forces set up
a separate demobilization program in
some areas, and at Las Vegas, Nev.,
began releasing young officers by the
hundreds. There was such a surplus
of second lieutenants that those with
only 42 points were let out. First
lieutenants with only 58 points were
discharged, and captains with only
70 points were permitted to leave the
Meanwhile enlisted men who still
need 85 points to get out are burning
Part of the irregularity in ad-
ministering the point system results
from the fact that each command-
ing officer has the right to reject
a man's application for discharge-
no matter how many points he has
--by declaring him "essential." Ob-
viously certain key technical men
fall into. the category and cannot
be spared. Also it is much more
practical to use trained veto rans
than to break in new men. How-
ever, there is increasing resent-
ment from battle-scarred veterans
with points galore, some of whom
feel they are kept in the service
because of some gripe or prejudice
on the part of commanding officers.
(Copyright. 1945, Bell Syndicate)
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Summer Session office,
Angell Hall, by 2:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (10:30 a. in. Sat-
CENTRAL WAR TIME USED IN
THE DAILY OFFICIAL4
SATURDAY, JULY 13, 1945
VOL. LV, No. 9-S
Students, Summer Session, College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts:
No courses may be elected for credit
E. A. Walter
To all male students in the College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts
enrolled in the Summer Term:
By action of the Board of Regents,
all male students in residence in this
College must elect Physical Educa-
tion for Men. This action has been
effective since June, 1943, and will
continue for the duration of the war.
Students may be excused from
taking the course by (1) The Uni-
versity Health Service, (2) The Dean
of the College or by his represent-
ative, (3) The Director of Physical
Education and Athletics.
Petitions for exemption by stu-
dents in this College should be ad-
dressed by freshmen and sophomores
to Professor Arthur Van Duren,
Chairman of the Academic Counsel-
ors (108 Mason Hall); by all other
students to Associate Dean E. A.
Walter (1220 Angell Hall.)
Except undernvery extraordinary
circumstances no petitions will be
considered after the end of the third
week of the Summer Term.
The Administrative Board of
the College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts.
The United States Civil Service
Commission gives notice that the
closing date for acceptance of appli-
cation for Student Physical Therapy
Aide, $525 a year, and Apprentice
Physical Therapy Aide, $1752 a year,
will be July 16. 1945. Applications
must be filed with the U. S. Civil Ser-
vice Commission, Washington 25, D.
C., not later than that date. Bureau
To All House Presidents: There
will be an important meeting of the
Interfraternity Council on Wednes-
day, July 18, at 7:15 p.m. (EWT) in
Room 306 Michigan Union. Please
All men interested in trying out
for the staff of the Interfraternity
Council are asked to attend a meet-
ing of all tryouts in the office of the
Interfraternity Council on Monday,
July 16, at 3 p. m. (EWT). See your
House President for further infor-
mation, or call at the office of the
Interfraternity Council during of-
Linguistic Institute. There will be
a table in the League Ballroom Daily
at 11 a. m. CWT (12 noon EWT)
for members of the Institute and
their friends who wish to meet for
lunch. Note change of location.
Mail is being held at the business
office of the University for the fol-
Adams, Mrs. Mary Kendall, Nellie
Christy, Arthur E.
Dodge, E. W.
Hall, Harlow H.
Hiersch, F. A.
Mayberry, T. O.
Monroe, Dr. H. C.
Oden, E. Clarence
Phillips, F. L.
Pringle, . .
Vibrans, Franc C.
Wenzel, E. A.
Schmake, Miss G.
PRESIDENT TRUMAN'S proposal to change
the presidential succession procedure is one
to be seriously considered at this time. Should
Mr. Truman die during his present term of
office, under present statutes the Secretary
of. State would succeed to the presidency.
President Truman claims that the present
act is autocratic in that the president can
name his successor. As such, President Tru-
man maintains that it is contrary to democ-
ratic principles. He would amend the statute
so that. the speaker of the House of Repre-
sentatives would succeed to the presidency
upon the death of the president and vice-
Bu this plan also is contrary to a most basic
American principle of democracy, namely, the
theory of separation of powers. Under the sep-
aration of powers doctrine, the executive, legis-
lative, and judicial functions of government are
performed by three separate ' and distinct
branches of government. This avoids the undue
concentration of power in any one branch.
Now were President Truman's proposal to
become law, this basic system of checks and
balances would be destroyed. A legislative
official would assume the direction of admini-
stration. This legislative official would not
have been elected to perform an executive
fulnitinn. but to nerform a legislative func-
Linguistic Institute, Introduction to
Linguistic Science. "The Study of
Regional and Social Differences in
Speech." Dr. Hans Kurath, Profes-
sor of German. 6 p. m. CWT (7 p. m.
EWT), Tuesday, July 17, Rackham
Linguistic Institute Special Lecture.
"The Linguistic Position of Ugaritic,
a newly-discovered Semitic Lang-
uage." Dr. Albrecht Goetze, Laffan
Professor of Assyriology and Babylon-
ian Literature, 'Yale University. 6:30
p. m. CWT (7:30 p. m. EWT), Wed-
nesday, July 18, Rackham Amphithe-
Seminar in physical chemistry will
meet on Monday, July 16, in Room
303 Chemistry Building, at 3:15
(CWT) or 4:15 (EWT). Professor E.
F. Barker of the Physics Department
will speak on "Infrared spectra and
molecular structure." All interested
are invited to attend.
The Regular Record Concert giv-
en in the Ladies Lounge of the Rack-
ham Building will start at 7 p. m.
(CWT) Tuesday, July 17. The pro-
gram will include a Fugue, by Bach;
Quartet No. 8, by Beethoven; Violin
Concerto, by Mozart; and Symphony
No. 5 in B Fiat Major, by Schubert.
All Graduate Students are cordially
invited to attend."
Chamber Music Concert: The first
in a series of five chamber music
programs will be presented at 7:30
p. m. CWT, Tuesday, July 17, in Pat-
tengill Auditorium, Ann Arbor High
School. The program will consist
of compositions by Mozart and
Brahms, and will be played by Gil-
bert Ross and Marian Struble Free-
man, violinists, Louise Rood, violinist,
Robert Swenson, cellist, Albert Lu-
coni, clarinetist, and Joseph Brink-
Other programs in the series will
be heard at 7:30 CWT, Thursday
evenings, July 26, August 2, 9 and
and Marie Juleen Thiessen, pianists.
The general public is invited.
General Library, main corridor
cases. Books printed in English be-
Clements Library. Japan in Maps
from Columbus to Perry (1492-1854).
Architecture Building. Student
Michigan Historical Collections, 160
Rackham Building. Representative.
items in the Michigan Historical Col-
Museums Building, rotunda. Some
foods of the American Indian.
A Special Matinee of "Blithe
Spirit" will be given Saturday, July
l4th-at 1:30 CWT in the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre by the' Michigan
Repertory Players of the Department
of Speech. Tickets are on sale now
in the theatre box office.
Motion Picture. Russian film, "Bee-
thoven Concerto," with outstanding
child stars. Vladimir Shevtsov and
Maria Popovna. 7:30 p. . (CWT) or
8:30 p. mn. (EWT) Rackham Lecture
Hall. Russian dialogue, English sub-
titles; auspices of the Russian De-
partment. Admission free.
Wayne Saari will lead the discus-
sion on Recent Social Pamphlets at
the S.R.A. Saturday Luncheon at
Lane Hall this week. Those inter-
ested in attending should call Lane
Hall today for luncheon reservations.
Graduate Outing Club: The first
meeting of the Outing Club for the
summer will be held Monday, July
16 at 7:30 p. m. on the Outing Club
Room. There will be dancing and a
social hour, which will be followed
by the election of officers and the
program for the term will be planned.
All Graduate Students, Faculty, and
Alumni are cordially welcome to join.
Dr. Mischa Titiev, Professor of An-
thropology, will speak on "Nationali-
ties in the Soviet Union" at a meet-
ing of the Russky Kruzhok (Russian
Circle) in the International Center,
Monday, July 16th, at 8:00 (EWT).
Tea will be served following the
talk. Everyone interested is cordial-
Attention all students: The Post-
war Council will present a panel dis-
3ussion Tuesday, July 17, at 8:00,
in the Union on the topic, "Is There
Enough Force Behind the San Fran-
iscouCharter?" Participating will be
Prof. Swinton, of Engineering; Prof.
Holmes, of the Sociology Dep't.; and
Prof. Dorr, of the Political Science
Dep't. You are cordially invited to
The University of Michigan Polo-
nia Club will hold a meeting next
Tuesday evening at the International
"enter at 7:30 EWT. All students
of Polish descent are cordially invit-
,d to attend.
Play: "The Male Animal," Thur-
ber and Nugent. July 18 to July 21.
Polonia Club: The University of
Michigan Polonia Club will meet Tu-
esday July 17. at 6:30 (CWT) in
Some rare cases of aphasia S
don't respond to magic wand cwalloswihyour
treatment apparently.. . Well, begar must have
m'boy, I'll have to resort to bh aMr shock to
the shock method after all-
I'll consult Doctor Pavlov's great
experiments with dog neuroses-
By Crockett Johnson
Ceygh,145 h N SverP - - 4R O ET
Never mind Doctor Pavlov! 5'
Call the local veferinary!
He can TALK!
Gorgon doesn't seem to befeeing so very well
Imagine the excited buzzing at the
Well, I must be off now, Barnaby.
T _ AL _ rll, ----