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July 14, 1945 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1945-07-14

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Senate Hearings
Approve Charter
Unt aninmously Recommended Treaty
To Be Reported To Senate Monday
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 13-The United Nations Charter designed to
preserve peace won approval from the Senate Foreign Relations Committee
today, without a dissenting vote, without reservation and without amend-
The committee wound up five days of public hearings at 4 p. in., deli-
berated a half hour, and voted 20 to 0 to recommend ratification.
The treaty will be formally reported to the Senate next Monday ju~t
as it. was signed by 50 nations at San Francisco, i
Debate on the Senate floor starts Monday, July 23, and may last two
<-'weeks or more.

Pacific Typhoon Cripples 21 Ships June 5;
Hits Third Fleet Skirting Southern Japan
Inflicts Damage Greater
Thean AnyEnemyAction

Some Vessels Repaired; Able To
In Carrier Sweep Against Tokyo


Preuss Will
e w
Political Scientist
Leaves gtate Dept.
Dr. Lawrence Preuss, associate
chief of the State Department Divi-
sion of International -Security and
Organization, on leave from the Uni-
versity since 1942, will return to the
political science faculty in Novem-

'ber, Prof. Everett S. Brown, chairman
of the political science department,
announced yesterday.
Dr. Preuss, granted a leave of ab-
sence to serve in the State Depart-
ment, is an outstanding authority on
international law and administration.
His works in that field have been
translated into French and German
and widely circulated in Great Brit-
Haber To Return Also
Announcement of Dr. Preuss' re-
turn to the University came a day
after it was learned that Prof. Wil-
liam Haber, on leave from the eco-
nomics department to serve in the
Office of War Mobilization and Re-
conversion, would also return here in
the fall.
Since Dr. Preuss has been on leave,
he has served in London as a mem-
ber of the United States War Crimes
Commission. In addition he attended
the Dumbarton Oaks and San Fran-
cisco Conferences in an advisory ca-
Prior to the San Francisco Con-
ference, the State Department ap-
pointed Dr. Preuss general secretary
of the United Nations Committee of
Jurists which met in Washington to
draft plans for the new International
Court. Thirty-eight nations were rep-
resented at the meeting.
Preuss' Career
Dr. Preuss has been a member of
the University faculty since 1928. He
received his Ph.D. at the University
in 1932 and was appointed an assist-
ant professor in 1934. He became an
associate professor in 1937.
Winner of the Henry Russel Award
in 1935-36, Prof. Preuss is described
by his colleagues as a "prolific writ-
er aId outstanding scholar in the
field of international law and ad-
Today Union Mixer from 2:30 to
5 p. m. EWT (1:30 to 4
p. m.+ CWT) in the Union
Today "Beethoven Concerto," a
Russian film, at 8:30 p. m.
EWT (7:30 p. in. CWT)
in Rackham Auditorium.
July 16 Rev. Claude Williams will
speak on the topic "What
Can the Churches Do
About Racial Discrimina-

Three Members absent
Three of the 23 committee mem-
bers were absent when the vote was
taken-Senators Johnson (R.-Cal.),
1919 foe of the League of Nations,
Shipstead (R.-Minn.) and Murray
Majority leader Barkley (D.-Ky.)
said the senate will consume all of
next week dealing with the Bretton
Woods world banking plan and other
piees of legislation "so we can clear
the decks for the charter."
World Security Council
The treaty sets up a World Secur-
ity Council of the five major na-
tions, U. S., USSR, Britain, France
and China, and six smaller states
charged with preventing aggression
and employing force if necessary.
The sharpest questioning of the
hearings this week was conducted by
Senator Millikin (R.-Col.) and to-
day he told reporters that the answers
"have reassured me a great deal" in
his attitude toward the whole plan.
Ratification Assured
A poll of the Senate has shown
that ratification by the necessary
two thirds majority is assured.
Committee action followed a last
day of hearings in which ratification
was recommended by a group of pub-
lic figures who frequently disagree on
other issues.
Winding up a week of testimony by
75 witnesses, the Senate foreign re-
lations committee heard approval of
the treaty by William Green, AFL
president; Philip Murray, CIO head;
John Foster Dulles, Adviser to Gov.
Thomas E. Dewey in his 1944 cam-
paign; and Norman Thomas, Social-
ist party leader.
Williams Cites
Race Problerns
Discrimination To Be
Subject of Talk Monday
"Racism and anti-semitism in
America are a product of economic
conditions, naturally and deliberately
stimulated by industrial leaders of
the north and plantation aristocrats
of the south," said Rev. Claude Wil-
liams in a recent interview.
Rev. Williams will address the In-
ter-Racial Association on the subject
"What Can the Churches Do About
Racial Discrimination?" at 7:30 p.m.
EWT (6:30 p. m. CWT) Monday at
the Michigan Union.
Liberal Groups
He stated "the liberal interfaith
groups are not speaking to America,
as for instance the National Confer-
ence of Christians and Jews. From
deep cushioned chairs, these liberal
leaders make a few most timely and
worthy resolutions, write them in
jawbreaking words, put them on slick
paper and mail them to th liberal
few in the middle class. But this is
not reaching America!"
Rev: Williams said that there had
been a group in America who had
been attempting to reach natural
workaday leaders in order to make
them cognizant of the need for lead-
As director of the People's Insti-
tute of Applied Religion, it has been
Rev. Williams' goal to combat fascist
trends in the south. Praising the ef-
forts of liberal groups who have aided
his cause, Rev. Williams nevertheless
stated that the weighty job of reach-
ing the masses must not be left un-
Workaday Preachers
"When under the guidance of the
Institute, workaday preachers learn
that the concrete issues of everyday
life are dealt with in scriptures, they
receive it most eagerly and they ex-
pound it to their negihbor," he con-
Sec. of Labor Asks
No Strike Pledge

WASHINGTON, July 13- (P) -
Lewis B. Schwellenbach tonight call-

JAP PRISONERS ON THE MARCH-Some of the more than 9,000 Japanese captured in fighting on Okinawa
march down a road on the island toward a dock to board a ship for transportation to a prisoners-of-war

Department of Justice Probes
Great German Chemical Trust

By The Associated Press
HOESCHT, Germany, July 13-De-
partment of Justice and the United
States group control experts delved
into seven tons of records today to
trace the worldwide industrial ma-
chinations and stockholdings of the
Frankena Says
World ELhieal
Outlook Needed
"The attitude of both youth and
the adult, both today and 2,000 years
from today, should be international,
rather than national," Prof. William
Frankena of the philosophy depart-
ment said last night at the Hillel
Speaking on the topic "An Ethics
for Youth Today," Prof. Frankena
defined a good life as one inspired
by a sense of justice, love and know-
We do not realize that other people
feel the same emotions -and experi-
ences which we feel, he asserted, say-
ing that we should understand that
every person is a center of experi-
ence. Because of this, he said, we
should be just to others, rather than
frustrate their desires or impose ours
upon them.
An ethics must command fervor
to combat the enthusiasm which fas-
cism incites, Prof. Frankena contin-
ued. If an ethics can create a re-
birth of righteousness and justice,
then it can combat Fascist ethics, he
There will be a meeting for all
students working on the staff of
the Student Directory at 2 p. m.
EWT Monday in the editorial of-
fice of the Student Publications

Great German chemical trust, I. G.
These documents may disclose all
the secrets of the corporation's intri-
cate cartel operations which gave it a
strong hold on many industries in al-
most every part of the world, includ-
ing the United States, and provided
the Nazis with a powerful organiza-
tion for industrial espionage and
Cola Edwin Pillsbury, Berkeley,
Calif., who directed military seizure
last week of 24 Farben plants in the
United States Zone of Occupation,,
said it would require months to piece
together the entire story of Farben
operations and to uncover hidden
"It is one of the most amazing
stories of modern times," Pillsbury
said. "The manner in which Farben
agents gained control of certain indu-
stries and carried on a role of domi-
nation in the world's chemical in-
dustry is almost unbelievable."
The German war machine would
have collapsed without I. G. Farben-
industrie, Pillsbury said. The investi-
gation already has disclosed that the
combine controlled practically all
German chemical production.
Aliens Enroll in
N Vew UI' Course
Fifty Michigan aliens are enrolled
in the University Correspondence
Study Department's new course in
citizenship, Mrs. Berenice H. Lee, di-
rector of the Department announced
At the request of the Immigration
and Naturalization Service Detroit
office, the Correspondence Study De-
partment is offering the course to
Michigan's 290,000 alien residents.
Course fee is $3.
Purpose of the course is to help
prepare aliens for their citizenship
examination and includes a study of
the United States Constitution and
the government of Michigan.

President Says
He'll Make Full
Potsdam Report.
By The Associated Press
13-President Truman was described
today as firmly resolved against any
secret commitments in the "Big
Three" meeting starting Monday or
Tuesday at Potsdam.
As the presidential cruiser steam-
ed close to Europe, associates of the
Chief Executive said he plans to
report to Congress as soort as he gets
back home from his talks with Prime
Minister Churchill and Premier Sta-
American Cooperation
The President was understood to be
prepared to offer any reasonable
cooperation toward the rehabilita-
tion of Europe, expecting in return
assurances that the European coun-
tries will work together for adjust-
ment of issues that might carry the
germs of war. He was represented
as feeling that a primary basis of
American policy is readiness to help,
when help would be welcome, in get-
ting its friends together when they
Continuous Meetings
Meetings today between Mr. Tru-
man, Secretary of State James F.
Byrnes and Fleet Admiral William D.
Leahy, the President's personal Chief
of Staff, were almost continuous.
Tomorrow has been fixed for the
rendezvous with British warships
which will convoy the president
through British waters.
City May Change To
Central War Time
With reports reaching this city that
Detroit may soon go on Central War
Time, William Brown, mayor of Ann
Arbor said yesterday, "I believe that
if Detroit decides on CWT, we will
follow suit."
"We are so tied up with Detroit,
that it would be unwise to take any
other action," he added.

By The Associated Press
Carrier planes of the Third
Fleet's powerful task force 38
struck again at Northern Hon-
shu and Hokkaido, - the first
blow of the war at Hokkaido, north-
ernmost ofhthe main islands of Japan.
Land-based air power continued daily
hammering of enemy shipping and
ground targets from Borneo to Japan.
Navy announced typhoon June 5
damaged 21 American warships but
most were able to participate in
Third1Fleet air attack on Tokyo
July 10.
Borneo Australians, 20 miles
north of captured Balikpapan, found
enemy resistance collapsing as they
drove within nine miles of Sambo-
dja oil field.
Calcutta, India-British warships
bombarded Nicobar Islands northwest
of Sumatra while carrier planes con-
tinued attacks on Nicobars and Sum-
atra, and minesweepers cleared ap-
proaches to Malacca Straits between
Sumatra and Singapore.
OWI Funds
Set by House
Republicans; Lose Fight
To Cut Finances in Half
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 13- Hogts
Republicans lost a fight to cut the
Office of War Information's funds in
half today as Congress finally passed
a $769,364,850 bill financing U.S. war
The OWI issue was settled with
agreement between House and Senate
on $35,000,000 for the agency for the
fiscal year which started July 1. The
Senate originally had voted $39,670,-
215 and house Republicans, charging
OWl with waste, tried in vain to cut
it to $18,000,000.
A House amendment prohibiting
the War Labor Board from taking
jurisdiction over agricultural labor
was accepted by the Senate.
The last-minute flurry over this
item was one of a series which had
kept the bill in controversy for weeks.
And argument on the question
whether the Fair Employment Prac-
tices Committee should be liquidated
died yesterday with an agreement to
give it $250,000. Senate Chavez (D---
Ariz.) described the final language as
not requiring the agency to liquidate.
USO To Begin
Radio Shows
Ann Arbor's USO takes to the air
on Sunday, July 22, when it begins
a weekly one-hour radio show over
local station WPAG.'
. Talented servicemen are requested
to volunteer to perform on these reg-
ular weekly programs. Vocal or or-
chestral training is especially desired.
Of special service to local military
personnel, the USO voice recording
service has been resumed and serv-
icemen may make appointments at
10:30-12 a.m. EWT (9:30-11 a.m.
CWT) Sundays, and 7-10 p.m. EWT
(6-9 p.m. CWT) on Thursdays. The
service is free.
Jap Safe Conduct
Ship Sunk by U. S.
WASHINGTON, July 13-(P)-The
United States publicly acknowledged
tonight responsibility for the subma-
rine sinking of a Japanese relief shi

The terrific force of the wind tore
the bow completely off the Cruiser
Pittsburgh but the vesel was brought
to port safely without the loss of a
Battleships Damaged
When Halsey's Third Fleet sent its
air arm over Japan July 10 the strik-
ing force included the battleships
Massachusetts and Indiana. and car-
By The Associated Press
GUAM, Saturday, July 14-Three
hundred and forty-two Japanese
planes were destroyed or damaged
and four surface craft sunk or dam=
aged in Tuesday's 1,000-plane carrier
strike at Tokyo, Adm. Chester W.
Nimitz announced in a communique
today. Even. those reports still were
rier San Jacinto, all df which had
been put out of action temporarily by
the storm. Other heavy units dam-
aged included the battleship Alabama
and the carriers Hornet, Bennington
andBelleau Wood.
Not a single ship was lost in the
cyclonic disturbance, Nimitz said. He
gave no report on lossa of life nor in-
jury to personnel from the storm.
It was the second time that Hal-
sey's ships had battled typhoons in
recent months. The previous storm
capsized three destroyers, the Mona-
ghan, Hull and Spence, in the Philip-
pines last December, with heavy loss
of life.
20 Back in Service
Nimitz reported that 20 of the
ships damaged in the June storm
were back in service and that the
Pittsburgh was being refitted. Pres-
umably other ships also were still
undergoing repairs.
The announcement, disclosed how-
ever, that most of the Job of putting
the vessels back in service had been
Other repaired ships included the
escort carrier Bougainville and tie
destroyers John Rodgers and Blue;
and three other carriers and seven
destroyers to which damage was
SOIC To. Hold
Dance, Electon
An "Adoption Dance" will be held
July 27, the day on which the entire
student body will choose a foreign
university to be adopted. This was
decided yesterday at an Executive
Council meeting of the Student Or-
ganization for "'International Cooper-
Entire proceeds of the dance will
go into the fund for supplies to send
to the adopted institution. Students
will choose the university at a cam-
pus election held during the day, and
the name of the chosen school will be
announced at the dance.
The Unitarian Student Group,
which had submitted a petition to
the Executive Council for a seat on
the Council, was admitted as the
twentieth organization represented.
Executive Council officers for the
summer term, as recently elected by
the Council are: Herbert Otto, chair-
man; Priscilla Hodges, vice-chair-
man; Jeppy Madison, secretary; Wil-
liam Akers, treasurer; and Marjory
Fisher, historian.
Information on the universities
under consideration for adoption will
be published in the Daily during the
week preceeding the election.
First Union Mixer
rT RP Up]d TnA 7r

By The Associated Press
GUAM, Saturday, July 14-A howling typhoon, ripping through the
Western Pacific at 138 miles an hour, crippled more than 21 ships of Adm.
William F. Halsey's massive Third Fleet as it skirted southern Japan June 5.
Most of the stricken vessels were repaired quickly and participated in
last Tuesday's carrier aircraft sweep against Tokyo although the storm
damage was greater than the enemy had been able to inflict in any single
Fleet Adm. Chester W. Nimitz disclosed this dramatic naval episode
last night, reporting that the damaged ships included four of the navy's
4new carriers and three of the latest

Strauss Heads Make-Up of 'Blithe Spirit'

Ivard Strauss, Technical Director
of the Try-Out Theatre in Seattle,
Washington, supervises the make-up
and art work of "Blithe Spirit" the
last two performances of which will
be given at 2:30 p. m. EWT (1:30
p. m. CWT) and 8:30 p. m. EWT
(7:30 p. m. CWT) today in the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre.
The make-up of Elvira, the mis-
chevious ghost of Charles Condo-
mine's first wife played by Annette
Chaikin, and that of Dorothy Mur-
zek as his second wife, Strauss
said in an interview, requires special
attention and skill. Instead of the
usual whitish green make-up used
for a ghost, Strauss uses his own

third act in which Miss Murzek be-
comes a member of the spiritual
world, requires a crew of five persons
working simultaneously so that she
will be ready on time, Strauss ex-
This is Strauss' first season with
the Michigan Repertory Players and
his first stay in Ann Arbor, and he
is "enjoying it very much." Strauss
commented on the excellent construc-
tion of the Lab Theatre which is not-
able for its work-shop and storage
space. It compareshadvantageously
with workshops of other schools and
community theatres, Strauss said. He
remarked on the cleanliness and care
of the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre
and its unit facility.

details of interest to the writer are
reported to him. The plays run for
18-24 performances and are sup-
ported by the admissions alone.
The theatre is a community af-
fair in which anyone can try out,
Strauss said. Since many defense
workers have arrived in Seattle,
he noted, they have found recrea-
tion in taking active parts in the
productions. Some work until 2
a. m. and then rise again at 6 a.m.
to get to work.
The casting is done primarily ac-
cording to age, Strauss said, and chil-
dren as young as ten years of age
have held important parts in the

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