THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FRIDAY, JULY 13, 1945
Rift with Left-Wing Labor
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board of Control
of Student Publications. The Summer Daily is pub-
lished every day during the week except Monday and
. . . . Managing Editor
. . . Associate Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches ciedited t it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rightsof re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered atthe Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
s -ubscriptions during the regular school year by ar-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46
NIGHT EDITOR: BOB GOLDMAN
Editorials published ir The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
HE RISE of distinct leftist elements in Ger-
many has been fostered by the Soviet high
command while the Americans and the Brit-
ish have prohibited any political activity in their
regions of control.
This would seem to indicate that the Russians
are interested in fostering progressivism through-
out Europe. They have favored Communists in
Germany, the anti-Communists elements have
claimed, by allowing them to use automobiles
in Berlin while other parties in Germany have
had no means of transportation. The Russians
also have stipulated that all parties in Germany
must be anti-Fascist and must advocate Democ-
The Americans and the British, on the other
hand, have, up to the present, prohbited any
trade union or party from organizing in their
spheres of control. Whether these two countries
really fear Russian influene or whether they fear
a dangerous post-war reaction in Germany re-
mains to be seen.
It is likely that the "Big Three" are guard-
ing against the rise of anotler Fascist dictator-
ship in the Reich: But, according to Russia's
policy, all Germans presumably are being en-
eouraged to conform to one political ideal.
Under the policy of Great Britain and the
United States, Germans are forced to remain
politically inactive. Therefore, by suppress-
ing the potential forces in Germany which
may lead to formation of a democracy, these
countries are encouraging fascism.
Fascism arises when a people are unable to
govern themselves, either because they lack
the ability or because they are deprived the
right to do so. They depend tipon a strong
leader who can guarantee their security and
satisfy their desires. In turn, the people sacri-
fiee their political freedom to the dictator.
The Allied nations must, then, encourage
the development in Germany of political
groups. By experimenting with the various
institutions of self-government, the German
people can then discover what form and kind
of government will best suit their needs after
the period of occupation.
THE LITTLE-NOTICED election of the Na-
tional Democratic Front candidate in Peru
brings to the fore the implications of the over-
throw of another reactionary government in
South America and emphasizes, by contrast, the
delinquency of Argentina in eliminating Ger-
Dr. Jose Luis Bustamante, new Peruvian pres-
ident, has promised to abolish, as one of his
first acts, all traces of censorship and has pro-
posed many reforms. Moreover, the elections
have returned. a National Democratic majority
in both houses, which will enable the president
to enact these reforms, as The Nation pointed
out in its July 7 issue.
The election kills any ambitions which reac-
tionaries in South America had of forming a
bloc to oppose democratic movements there.
They had expected the victory of General
Ureto, a candidate of the conservative Na-
tional Union Coalition and an admitted pro-
fascist at the beginning of the war.
In that elimination of Axis elements, Peru has
pointed up the failure of Argentina to conform
to the Chapultepec agreement by substituting,
for example, friendly ownership of business en-
terprises for the present enemy control. Assist-
ant Secretary of State William L. Clayton re-
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-There is more than meets the
eye behind the appointment of Carl Moran,
ex-congressman from Maine, as new assistant
secretary of labor. It probably means a gradual
movement away from left-wing labor groups and
no more "clearing it with Sidney."
Moran is one of the early New Dealers, a
forthright," hard-hitting liberal; one of the few
Democrats ever elected td Congress from the
rock-ribbed Republican state of Maine. He
joined with GOP Senator Owen Brewster, when
the latter was governor, to fight the Insull power
interests, and he, himself, came within a close
inargin of being elected a Democratic governor
After two terms in Congress Moran was ap-
pointed to the Maritime Commission, got fed
up with the dictatorial methods of Admiral
Land, and went back to Maine to run his fath-
er's insurance company.
Moran is pro-labor, will fight for labor when
it is right, but will also fight against labor
when it is wrong. No one could have had a
more pro-Roosevelt record when in Congress;
but, on the other hand, Moran is one of the
closest fgriends of labor-enemy Ed Burke,
counsel for the coal operators.
The two got to know each other when Burke
was in the House and later in the Senate from
Nebraska. And John L. Lewis would have had
fits the other night if he had looked in on a
private party where the new secretary of labor,
ILew Schwellenbach, and hs new assistant sec-
retary, Carl Moran, were entertaining Ed Burke,
representative of the bituminous coal operators
and bitter enemy of the United Mine Workers.
What is bound to rile the CIO regarding
the Moran appointment is that the first assist-
ant secretary of labor is an AFL man, Dan
Tracy, and the job of second assistant secre-
tary was to have been given to a CIO man,
John Gibson of Detroit. Gibson was named
just before Roosevelt died, but his name never
went to the Senate. Now Moran gets his place.
Moran will be 'a fair and impartial supporter
of labor. But his appointment undoubtedly
means an increasing rift in the already widen-
ing gap between Hannegan and Hillman.
Note-Later Moran will be made under sec-
retary of labor, superior to Tracy, the AFL as-
sistant secretary. At that time, a CIO assistant
secretary will probably be appointed.
Eisenhower's Mother . .
SAM GOLDWYN is going about the filming of
the life of General Eisenhower almost as if
it were a religious rite. It is going to be the
saga of a small town boy, the boy from Abilene
who makes good.
One of the most important characters in the
picture will be Eisenhower's mother-a lady
whose ancestors came here from Germany via
Switzerland, just as Sam Goldwyn's mother
camhe from Poland. Mrs. Eisenhower hated
war, raised her boys to love peace, and didn't
like to see Dwight go off to West Point.
NOTE-Eisenhower, carrying out his moth-
er's ideas on peace, will devote the profits
from the fili to a foundation to further the
United Nations, while Sam Goldwyn will de-
vote his profits to a foundation to combat in-
tolerance-which leads to war.
Wrangling Over Berlin...
INSIDERS who have watched the current Amer-
ican-Russian wrangling over areas in Berlin
say there is one important lesson to be gained-
in the future we must decide these questions
while our Allies' tears are hot.
That was the advice which Wendell Willkie
once gave the late president. Referring to the
way Russia and Britain were calling on us for
aid in the early part of the war, Willkie advised
"As lawyers, you and I know that it pays to
collect your fee while your client's tears are
hot. Once their case is won, they forget. So
now is the time to get commitments from our
Allies regarding what we want after the war."
Inside fact is that it was because of bicker-
ing between U. S. agencies that arrangements
for governing Berlin were not worked out
exatly one year ago. The Russians, during
the summer of 1944, were ready to arrange
the details regarding post-war Germany. The
matter had come before the European advis-
ory committee on which Ambassador Winant
sits as U. S. representative, and at that time
-"while the tears were hot"-we could have
written pretty much our own terms.
However, the war department wanted sole
authority to handle post-war Germany. They
didn't want ambassador Winant in the picture,
nor other U. S. civilian -agencies. Things drift-
ed all during the summer, until finally Secretary
of the Treasury Morgenthau brought the situa-
tion to a climax by pointing out to the presi-
dent that almost nothing had been done.
The Army then called for a showdown and
stuck to its demand that it have sole author-
ity to handle Germany after the armistice.
Roosevelt concurred. But even then nothing
was done to iron things out with the Rus-
sians-and. things dragged on until Yalta,
nearly six months later.
While there's no use crying over spilt milk,
there is one lesson to be gained from this, name-
ly-settle plans for post-war Japan now, while
Truman is in Berlin, instead of waiting until
the Pacific war is over.
NOTE-Leon Henderson was one man who
foresaw what was going to happen in Germany.
When FDR sent him over with a view to becom-
ing economic czar of Germany, he came back
to report that it would be impossible to govern
Germany if it was divided into three different
areas, coal and iron in one, agriculture in an-
other, shipping in the third.
(Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
Veterans vs. Labor
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
ANUMBER of American social philosophers of
the second grade are licking their chops in
unison, and indulging in a kind of massed-
chorus drool, as they think of what the return-
ing veteran is going to do to labor.
Proposals for deliberately setting the veteran
against labor, just in case he doesn't happen
to think of it himself, are floating about Wash-
ington. One is the suggestion that returning
veterans be allowed to work in any factory, re-
gardless of union contracts, rules, seniority, or
initiation fees. These proposals are hard to
refute (which is why they are so useful to oppo-
nents of labor); they seem superficially fair,
they are concerned with giving jobs to our
fighting men, and they are charged with the
national emotion of gratitude. Yet they cry
oat for examination.
The sponsors of some of these ideas make no
secret of the fact that they look for a sensa-
tional brawl between veterans and labor. They
expect a decline in the strength of organized
labor to follow the return of the soldier. They
do not regret this, as an incidental effect of
their job problem for veterans; they welcome
it; it is, as they say in the barber shops, the
beauty part of the idea.
Thus the first point to be made in regard to
some of these proposals is that they are declara-
tions of class war. We are used to thinking
of class war as something which always origi-
nates on the labor side; but class war can origi-
nate on either side; and the gunpowder smell of
it is all over some of these suggestions.
A second point comes instantly to mind, and
that is that the real question is not whether
the veterans are going to have jobs; of course
they must have jobs; the real question is who
is going to pay for it. A fatal flaw in the
schemes sketched out above is that they call
on labor to pay for the entire job program; they
call on one class in the population to carry
the social and human cost of demobilizations.
The idea that we are going to make jobs
for veterans by putting some workers out of
work altogether is taxation with a vengeance;
it would require some Americans to give up
all of their income, every bit of it, in order
to put the soldiers to work. A fairer distribu-
tion of the after-cost of war must be at-
tempted than this crude, vaguely cannibal-
THERE is another point: the proponents of
some of these schemes seem to be able to
set up no perspective for America except one of
social strife. Their mirrors, perhaps because
they reflect the hate in their own hearts, show
them no other possibility. They are perpetual-
ly setting up social fight-cards; they are not
interested in plans which might enable us to
get along with each other. Judge Vinson's
new "economic charter," proposing that the
government shall aid business expansion and a
high wage policy and full employment, merely
gives them a headache; they turn away from it
and refresh themselves with the thought that
soon, now, somebody is going to be awful mad
at somebody, and is going to take a job away
The veterans would be well-advised to go
slowly in accepting the leadership of these
prophets of a grade-B Gotterdammerung,
who after sullenly enduring unity during the
war years, have come up with the ingenious
proposal that we shall, in effect, turn the arm-
ed forces of the United States against the
people from whose loins they have sprung.
(Copyright, 1945, N. Y. Post Syndicate)
Publication in the Daily Official Bul- I
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
hers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin shouldbe sent in typewritten
form to the Summer Session office,
Angell Hall, by 2:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (10:30 a. m. Sat-
CENTRAL WAR TIME USED IN
THE DAILY OFFICIAL
FRIDAY, JULY 13, 1945
VOL. LV, No. 8-S
Students, Summer Session. College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts:
Courses may not be elected for credit
after the end of the second week.
Saturday, July 14, is therefore the
last day on which new elections may
be approved. The willingness of an
instructor to admit a student later
will not affect the operation of this
rule. E. A. Walter.
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: Attendance re-
port cards are being distributed
through the departmental offices.
Instructors are requested to use
green cards for reporting freshmen,
and buff cards for reporting sopho-
mores and upper classmen. Reports of
freshmen and sophomores should be
sent to the Office of the Academic
Counselors, 108 Mason Hall; those
of juniors and seniors to 1220 An-
Please note especially the regula-
tions concerning three-week absen-
ces, and the time limits for dropping
courses. The rules relating to absen-
ces are printed on the attendance
cards. They may also be found on
page 22 of the 1945 Summer Term
Announcement of our College.
E. A. Walter
Try-outs for the principal roles in
Naughty Marietta will be held on Fri-
day from 2 to 4 p. m. CWT in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre. Bring
something to sing and accompanist
will be provided. Try-outs for male
and female chorus parts in Naughty-
Marietta will be held on Monday from
2 to 4 p. m. CWT in the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre. Tenors and bari-
tones are especially desired.7
A Special Matinee of "Blithe
Spirit" will be given Saturday, July
14th at 1:30 CWT in the Lydia Men-+
delssohn Theatre by the Michigan
Repertory Players of the Department
of Speech. Tickets are on sale now
in the theatre box office.
College of Literature, Science and
the Arts, Schools of Education, For-
estry, Music and Public Iealth. Stu-
dents who received marks of I or X
at the close of their last semester or
summer session of attendance will
receive a grade of E in the course or
courses unless this work is made up
by August 2. Students wishing an
extension of time beyond this date in
order to make up this work should
file a petition addressed to the ap-
propriate official in their school with
Room 4, U. H. where it will be trans-
Robert L. Williams
To All House Presidents: There
will be an important meeting of the
Interfraternity Council on Wednes-
day, July 18, at 7:15 p.m. (EWT) in
Room 306 Michigan Union. Please
Summer Session Choir: Conducted
by George Oscar Bowen, Tulsa, Okla-
homa, open to .all students who can
qualify. Rehearsals Mon., Wed.,
Thurs. and Fri. 7 to 8 p. m. Rm. 506
All men interested in trying out
for the staff of the Interfraternity
Council are asked to attend a meet-
ing of all tryouts in the office of the
Interfraternity Council on Monday,
July 16, at 3 p. m. (EWT). See your
House President for further infor-
mation, or call at the office of the
Interfraternity Council during of-
The United States Civil Service
Commission gives notice that the
closing date for acceptance of appli-
cation for Student Physical Therapy
Aide, $525 a year, and Apprentice
Physical Therapy Aide, $1752 a year,
will be July 16, 1945. Applications
must be filed with the U. S. Civil Ser-
vice Commission, Washington 25, D.
C., not later than that date. Bureau
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
State Civil Service announcements
for Visitors, $1728 to $2028, Stenog-
rapher, $1278 to $1428, Senior Typist,
$1278 to $1428, and Junior Clerk,
$1278 to $1428, have been received in
our office. For further information
regarding the examinations call at
the Bureau of Appointments, 201
University Bureau of
To all male students in the College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts
enrolled in the Summer Term:
By action of the Board of Regents,
all male students in residence in this
College must elect Physical Educa-
tion for Men. This action has been
effective since June, 1943, and will
continue for the duration of the war.
Students may be excused from
taking the course by (1) The Uni-
versity Health Service, (2) The Dean
of the College or by his represent-
ative, (3) The Director of Physical
Education and Athletics.
Petitions for exemption by stu-
dents in this College should be ad-
dressed by freshmen and sophomores
to Professor Arthur Van Duren,
Chairman of the Academic Counsel-
ors (108 Mason Hall); by all other
students to Associate Dean E. A.
Walter (1220 Angell Hall.)
Except under very extraordinary
circumstances no petitions will be
considered after the end of the third
week of the Summer Term.
The Administrative Board of
the Colleg of Literature,
Science, and the Arts.
Friday, Jply 13. Lecture: "Teach-
ing as a Dramatic Art," William J.
Sanders, New Haven Teachers Col-
lege. 2:05 p.m. (CWT or 3:05 p.m.
(EWT). University High School
Special Three Week Sport Cour-
Short courses in physical educa-
tion for women will begin next week
on Monday, July 16. Any student in-
terested is asked to register this week
in Room 15, Barbour Gymnasium.
Sections which will be open are:
Archery-Tuesday and Thursday,
2:30 p. mn. EWT (1:30 p. m. iCWT).
Tennis-Tuesday and Thursday,
3:30 p. m. EWT (2:30 p. m. CWT).
Golf-Monday and Wednesday,
7:30 p. m. EWT (6:30 p. m. CWT).
and Wednesday, 2:30 p. m. EWT
1(1:30 p. m, CWT),
Body Conditioning-Tuesday and
Thursday, 3:30 p. m. EWT (2:30
Students, School of Education: No
cuu±re iiMaw l talLU d fnr draulifafter
Letters to the Editor
O THE EDITOR:
It was indeed gratifying to read
your lead editorial July 12. I say
this for two reasons. First, I am a
member of the American Veterans
Committee, and as such, any atten-
tion given it in the press is indica-
tive of the scope and growth attached
to it. Secondly, and more important,
it is my aim, with the help of all vets
on campus, to form a chapter of AVC
At yesterday's meeting of the Vet-
erans Organization, I introduced AVC
to those members present. A motion
was made, passed and recorded in
the minutes of the meeting to table
discussion on the feasibility of form-
ing a campus chapter until the fol-
lowing meeting. This means that
such a discussion becomes an integral
part of the next meeting's agenda.
The importance of vet attendance
at the next VO sitting, is crucial.
This chapter cannot be formed suc-
cessfully without backing.
It is not the purpose of those in-
terested in AVC to abolish VO. Nor
is it our purpose to synthesize both
these groups into one homogeneous
organization. It is felt, however, that
in view of the tragic depths to which
VO's membership has sunk, that some
blueprint must be made for rebuild-
ing veteran interest and activity on
this campus and in the community.
I suggested at the last meeting, that
AVC might very well be the panacea
for VO's membership ills.
You cannot hope to inject the ser-
um of enthusiasm in the arms of
men with mere social and fraternal
activities. Nor can you expect these
men to venture into a new under-
taking until you have something of
worth and tangibility to offer them.
AVC is such an outfit. It ree-
ognizes the failure of our fathers
to secure the victory of the last
war. It has seen the bungling
reactionary American Legion fail
to recognize the inanities of its
program. It has seen veterans, as
represented by the Legion, utilized
for the benefit, and the sole bene-
fit, of interests not even slightly
connected up with the interests of
the veterans themselves. AVC rec-
ognizes the mockery that the Le-
gion has made of the term "Ameri-
canism." Elsewise, how explain the
expulsion of vets of Japanese
American birth from several Legion
posts on the West Coast? No such
condition is or will be tolerated by
AVC. Men of all races and all
creeds are welcome to join us.
National Chairman Bolte believes
that one of the best fields for AVC
organization lies on the campuses of
America. He knows that the educated
vet recoghizes that his duties as a
citizen of the world are far greater
and far more important than the du-
ties of the average civilian.
It is a sad commentary that in this
great university, with several hundred
veterans in attendance, the turnout
was so slim at the last VO meeting.
The time, then, has come for us
to speak our piece as ex-service-
men. The time has come to set
up an - efficient and meaningful
group, to take a leading role in
campus affairs, to fight the "-good
fight for peace, security and free-
dom. The attendance of all vets
for this purpose at the next VO
meeting is imperative.
By Crockett Johnson
I'm not properly equipped for this.
I should have a rubber hammer .. .
Repeat after me ... Ah, ay, ee, oh-
He can't talk . . . I fear it's a
case of psychosomatic aphasia.
Brought on by hysteria.. And-
But he can't Ihik-
an m r eh i c evil eye on i -
That's true, in that his plight
is due to a trauma caused by
his own subconscious fear of
the harmless old superstition.
But the ailment is a real one.
To be treated scientifically-
Maybe if you
7 waved your
p magic wand-
An excellent prescription,
m'boy! My magic wand!
THE FACULTY Concert Series,
sponsored by the School of Mu-
sic, was inaugurated yesterday by the
guest appearance of the Albeneri
Trio. The excellent program, con-
sisting of Brahms, Mozart, Beetho-
ven, was enhanced by consistently
good ensemble playing. However,
acoustical difficulties did arise, since
the large auditorium was not filled to
capacity. It would have seen advis-
able to have chosen a smaller hall.
As far as independent perform-
ance is concerned, Erich Itor Kahn,
the pianist, surpassed his two col-
leagues. His style was clean, facile,
and very musical. On the other
hand, Messers. Schneider and Heif-
etz seemed to lack tonal control.
Perhaps Alexander Schneider's vio-
lin may have been the victim of
humid weather, for it was persis-
tently fiat. Moreover, Benar Ileif-
etz, the 'cellist, appeared to re-
strain his tone.
The initial composition, Brahms'
trio in C major, Op. 87, lent itself
superlatively to the well-balanced
group. Without doubt, the high-
light of the evening arrived early.
Unfortunately, the let-down came
with tle reading of the Mozart Trio
course may ae eiecte for crealL alter
Saturday, July 14. Students must
report all changes of elections at the
Registrar's Office, Room 4 University
Hall. Membership in a class does not
cease nor begin until all changes
have been thus officially registered,
Arrangements made with the instruc-
tor are not official changes.
Intermediate Swimming Class -
Women Students: Women students
in the University may enroll in an
intermediate swimming class which
will be held at the Union Pool on
Tuesday and Thursday evenings at
7:30 p.m. CWT (8:30 p.m. EWT). A
fee of 25c will be charged. Students
are required to have a health permit.
These may be obtained at the Health.
Service. Any student interested is
asked to register this week in Room
15, Barbour Gymnasium.
Tuesday, July 17: Chamber Mu-
sic Concert, Pattengill Auditorium,
Ann Arbor High School, 7:30 (CWT)
or 8:30 (EWT).
Thursday, July 19: Faculty recital,
Hill Auditorium, 7:30 (CWT) or 8:30
(EWT) Barbara Jevne, Guest, Mezzo
Soprano; David Blair McClosky, Bar-
itone; Lynne Palmer, Harpist; Eliza-
beth Green, Violinist; Joseph Brink-
man, Pianist; Benjamin Owen, Pia-
General Library, main corridor
cases. Books printed in English be-
Clements Library. Japan in Maps
from Columbus to Perry (1492-1854).
Most psychiatrists rely on a rather brutal shock
I hope this works, Mr. O'Malley. It's no
Tsk' Dropped my magic J O N ;oy