THE MICHIGAN DAILY
U.S., USSR Row on Reparations
FALSE FLASHES AND BEATS:
Urge Precautions for Accurate News
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board of Control
of Student Publications. The Summer Daily is pub-
lished every day during the week except Monday and
. . . . Managing Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
S . . . .Associate Editor
* * . . Sports Editor
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46
NIGHT EDITOR: PATRICIA CAMERON
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Spain, the Pure
FRANCO SPAIN is becoming such a tinder box
1that even its rulers and undercover angelsI
are getting nervous. The latest attempt to keep
Spain from trying to progress with the rest of
the world has come from Rome, and this one
is aimed at putting Spain back a few centuries.
Rome has asked the heirarchy in Spain to
intensify its work in quelling republican move-
ments. That is natural. But Rome is also
trying to keep Spanish youth "pure" by meth-
ods reminiscent of the eighteenth or nine-
Spanish parents have been given instructions
by the Archbishop of Valencia, the Most Rever-
end Prudencio Melo, to cloister their daughters.
Decollete dresses, or clothes that expose much
of the legs are to be strictly taboo. Girls are
not to take any excursions with men. Bathing
beaches must be separated according to sex for
the unmarried. And, for some strange reason,
girls must not go bicycling with boys.
The insistence that all films which Spaniards
see must be first approved by the Church cen-
sor has also been renewed.
The Archbishop is apparently getting wor-
ried about the moral ruin that is sweeping
Europe. He's trying to keep Spain "pure". If
he can keep her behind a few centuries, and
controlled by a fascist regime which cooper-
ates with the Church so delightfully on every
backward measure, then an anachronism will
be perpetuated in western Europe.
But we hope not.
DR. FRANK KINGDON, radio commentator
now subbing for Winchell, who attempted
to fight Dartmouth College's policy of using the
racial quota system in admitting students, found
himself gagged by the American Broadcasting
Dartmouth's original charter, granted in
1769 by George III of England, provided that
the college should not exclude "any person of
any religious denomination whatsoever from
free and equal liberty and advantage of edu-
cation, or from any of the liberties and priv-
ireges or immunities of the said College on ac-
count of his or their speculative sentiments
in religion . ."
Kingdon, who had planned to prove that the
quota system runs counter to Dartmouth's orig-
inal charter, had included in his script: "oes
this mean that George III was more interested
in safeguarding the democratic right to edu-
cation in the 18th century than the trustees
and president of Dartmouth in the 20th?"
The passage was deleted from the script.
"They just simply said that they had so many
kicks about the thing last week from both the
sponsor and network officials that it would have
to go out," Kingdon said.
By using the facilities of 'radio to battle
anti-Semitism the sponsor and the American
Broadcasting Co. might perform a great pub-
lic service. But that might be unpleasant.
That might not be good business.
DEAN WILLIAM- H.- HASTIE, of, the Howard
University Law School has been suggested
by the National Lawyers Guild for appointment
to the District of Columbia Court of Appeals
post recently vacated by Thurman Arnold. His
attainment of this position would not only be 'a
precedent-breaking blow against race discrim-
ination, since no Negro. has ever held such a
post, but would add a progressive, well-trained
jurist to the influential Circuit Court b.ench. In
- sra~a: t.+r, ...,.1tn-4 nn c. lnnr A'nd
By LEON HENDERSON
EDITOR'S NOTE: In Drew Pearson's absence, Leon
Henderson, former OPA administrator and economic
adviser to General Eisenhower, contributes a guest
WASHINGTON - Little news has escaped so
far from the deliberations of the reparations
commission which met in Moscow several weeks
before the Potsdam Big Three conference, sup-
posedly to settle what Germany is to pay. It is
generally assumed that the Potsdam decisions
on war booty, restitution and reparations were
based on the work done in Moscow by the repar-
ations commissioners - Sir Walter Monckton
for Great Britain, Ivan Maisky for Russia and
Ed Pauley for the United States.
But, as a mater of fact, the Moscow con-
ference, though it adopted an eight-point for-
mula of general guidance, did not arrive at
agreed understanding on the most important
topics. So, at Potsdam, results were produced
by high-grade horse-trading between Stalin,
Truman and Attlee, rather than by weighing
statistics and facts.
The Big Three decision did emphasize the dis-
armament of Germany through removal of in-
dustrial machinery, which was one of the ex-
cellent points in the Moscow formula. And, in
the main, both conferences fixed their attention
on Germany's disarmament, rather than seek-
ing maximum reparations. And both, finally,
avoided the disastrous Versailles attempt to fix
reparations in money terms, although Maisky,
at the beginning of the Moscow conference, did
avert to the $20,000,000,000 total discussed by
Roosevelt and Stalin at Yalta. Roosevelt had
agreed to accept $20,000,000,000 as a basis for
discussion, but Churchill remained completely
The Potsdam disagreement to remove excess
machinery from the Ruhr, and other French-
British-American-zone industrial regions, also
served to remove some of the Russian suspicion
that the British would work for a strong Ger-
many as a bulwark against Bolshevism.
But another decision, reversing the Moscow
agreement, may sow the seed of future conflict
between Russia and her Allies. Maisky, Monck-
ton and Pauley had agreed to treat Germany
as a single region for reparations purposes.
When the delegations arrived at Potsdam, how-
ever, Luther Gulick of Pauley's staff personally
gathered evidence that the Russians were re-
moving as war booty entire plants, like sewing-
machilte factories, from Berlin.
Gulick wrote a hot report to Pauley, who
told Maisky that Russia, by proceeding on a
zone basis, had destroyed the agreement. The
next day the Russians filed a memo to show
that the United States had done the same
thing in the Russian zone by grabbing labora-
tories and 1,000 German scienitsts.
So the final Big Three settlement really par-
titions Germany into two administrative parts
-a Russian zone in the East and a French-
British-American zone in the West. The USSR
sphere of influence extends unchallenged from
the Baltic to the Mediterranean, while her
three allies will have constant difficulty in har-
monizing their aims.
The formal Moscow sessions began with the
proposal by Maisky that the Yalta formula be
followed. This divided reparations into three
parts - 56 per cent for Russia, 22 per cent for
the United States and 22 per cent for Great
Britain, with reductions for each to meet the
approved claims of other allies. (Keep in mind
that France assesses her war damage at $97,-
000,000,000..) When Monckton and Pauley con-
ferred, Monckton said his government had in-
structed him to seek more than 22 per cent and
that he had a factual memo to document the
equity of the claim.
Pauley, however, told Monckton: "My an-
swer is 'No'-I'm not going to finish this con-
ference as low man."
Pauley had statistics to show that the U .S.
had borne 60 per cent of the war's cost, and he
wanted a dollar value placed on all war booty
and restitution already taken by the Russians
and the French. This argument, in the end,
Russia, in effect, will get approximately $4,-
000,000,000 worth of capital equipment removed
from Germany, which will give her roughly one-
half of such reparations.
Forced Labor Ignored
NEITHER AT MOSCOW nor Potsdam was a
decision reached on Russia's demand that
Germany deliver part of her annual production
for ten years. Nothing was said about the deli-
cate qtestion of forced labor to repair devastated
areas. Nor was a decision reached as to what
the French, the English and the Americans will
actually get in the way of reparations. Presum-
ably these will be on the agenda of the Council
of Foreign Ministers at its meeting next month.
Ambassador Pauley is making a tour of the
European capitals to explain the reparations
agreements, and his assistant on reparations,
Dr. Isadore Lubin, will return soon. When
Pauley gets back, President Truman, who was
impressed with his work at Potsdam, will prob-
bably appoint the reparations ambassador to
the post of Federal Loan Administrator.
Lond o Conference
THE WAY is now clear for staging an economic
conference of United Nations members, prob-
ably in London, the first two weeks of October.
This conference stems directly from the in-
creased stature of . the. Economic and Social
Council of the United Nations organization,
agreed upon at San Francisco, and the determin-
ation to proceed in advance of ratification of the
charter to discuss troublesome economic matters
Will Clayton, while ostensibly in London for
the UNRRA conference, quietly arranged the
economic conference, which wil discuss remov-
al of trade barriers, trade policies, cartels and
commodity agreements. The latter, which in-
clude international agreements on sugar, tin,
rubber, etc., are of extraordinary importance,
because, in the past, such undertakings by gov-
ernments really amounted to official cartels. The
American representatives will press to make
these "conversion agreements," seeking to bring
about gradual shifts in excess production ca-
pacity to scarcer commodities - an entirely new
approach. The way was cleared for such con-
version agreements to supplant inter-govern-
ment cartels at Chapultepec last spring, and
the principle has been accepted by Latin-Amer-
ican countries. The new Attlee government in
England is expected to join with the American
Will Clayton is determined to avoid clashes
such as those between Raymond Moley and Cor-
dell Hull which destroyed the London Economic
Conference in 1933.
Clayton's emergence to power in foreign
policy will be fortified by the reorganization
of the State Department, which in the past
had emphasized political decisions by foreign
service officers. In reality, there will be two
under secretaries of state - one political and
one economic. The old system of "desks" for
each foreign country will disappear, and a
functional system will replace it. Under the
new plan, the new economic under secretary
will determine policy on cartels, trade bar-
riers, reciprocal trade agreements and other
economic matters, which policies will be bind-
ing on the diplomats.
(Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
A FEW YEARS AGO a couple of prominent
gents on the U. S. front gazed into their
crystal balls, and came out with some mighty
startling predictions of things to come. PM
lists a few of these pearly words of wisdom in
a recent issue . .
"... If somebody could show me how we could
win this war by getting into it; but I have not
yet been able to find a single man in the Army
or Navy who says we could win." -Sen. Burton
K. Wheeler, Nov. 5, 1941.
. rBut what is the good of talking about
50,000 planes unless we know what we are talk-
ing about?" -Gov. Thomas E. Dewey, May 27,
"This war is lost . . . It is not within our
power today to win the war for England, even
though we throw the entire resources of our
nation into the conflict." -Charles A. Lind-
bergh, April 17, 1941.
"Nothing that Britain can do now can pull the
chestnuts out of the fire. It matters nothing
to America which group controls Europe, be it
England or Germany." -Ex-Gov. Philip F. La-
Follette, June 6, 1941.
"In my judgment, Hitler will be in control of
Russia in 30 days." -Martin Dies, June 24, 1941.
"Win or lose the war, the Stalin regime is
fairly certain to go. It is doubtful if the Com-
munist regime can withstand the shock of
such a war." -Karl H. von Wiegand, Hearst
correspondent, June 23, 1941.
"We lack the guns, tanks, planes, ammuni-
tion, without which an army can be slaughtered
like sheep. We have not the ships to transport
a mass army." -Charles E. Coughlin, Jan. 5,
"There is no righteousness in either cause.
Both are motivated by the same evil impulse,
which is greed. If we can keep both sides
fighting long enough, until they cannot fight
any more, then maybe the little people will
open their eyes." -Henry Ford, Feb. 16, 1941.
"I speak tonight because I believe that the
American people are about to commit suicide.
We are not planning to. We have no plan. We
are drifting into suicide." -Dr. Robert M. Hut-
chins. Jan. 23, 1941.
And to these men we now say, "Are you glad
you were wrong?"
To the Editor:
NOTED THIS morning that Mr. Haight's
agents (as well as the "critic" himself) are
wrong again. I am an individual, not a group.
I am sure that I am not the first letter writer
to borrow a phrase from a Ph. D.
But the conveyor is unimportant, the facts
still stand. Mr. Haight may attack me all he
likes, but he$cannot cover up the obvious
errors he has made. He cannot camouflage
his obvious lack 'of knowledge of the ABC of
He may bask in his vain glory as much as he
finds time to do so; for the glory exists only
in his own mind.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
ANOTHIER false flash went out over
the wires last week to newspapers
and radio stations. Again premature
jubilation took hold of a war-weary
populace. Again questioning eye-
brows have been raised.
Apparently, the erron~ous United
Press report of Japan's surrender
was the work of a prankster or a
scoundrel. Perhaps he will be nab-
bed. If and when he is, he should
be properly punished. Dissemina-
tion of false news of momentous
import can have serious consequen-
ces. Willful dissemination of it is a
But solution of the present mys-
tery will not solve the problems
that are re-emphasized by this
The first questions asked, in and
out of the newspaper business,
when such incidents occur are:
"Why is the 'beat' valued so high-
ly? Why are newsmen willing to
risk boldly the transmission of
false news for the sake of gaining
a purposeless minute?"
There are answers.
First, the flash came into being for
a purpose that it still serves admir-
ably. It alerts editors and gives them
precious minutes in which to make
provision for an important story.
Second, the fact that a very few
news flashes have proved inaccurate
is no ground on which to outlaw
U. P. has announced it is work-
ing on a method of locking teletype
machines to prevent such unauthor-
ized tampering as occurred last week.
That's one step in the right direc-
Further measures can be taken,
especially now that the lightning
speed of radio has complicated the
difficulty. Perhaps instructions,
official or unofficial, should be giv-
en to editors and announcers in the
radio news rooms, not to broadcast
flashes. A wait of a minute or
two for the follow-up bulletin can-
not be nearly so costly as the trans-
mission .of false news.
As the events of Sunday night prov-
ed, an erroneous flash can do 'little
harm so far as the newspapers are
'concerned. The correction within
ton minutes came quickly enough to
stop the fastest editorial staff in the
land. It was not speedy enough to
stop the radio announcements which
touched off frenzied celebrations in
many cities here and abroad.
Radio's great speed has its un-
doubted virtues, but that same speed
should impose both on it and on all
news sources a watchful guard.
-Editor & Publisher, Aug. 18, 1945
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all me -
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Sumier Session office,
Angell Hall, by 2:39 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (10:30 a. m. Sat-
CENTRAL WAR TIME USED IN
THE DAILY OFFICIAL1
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 22, 1945
VOL. LV, No. 34S
The University of Michigan Polo-
nia Club will hold its next meeting on
Tuesday, August 21st at the Interna-
tional Center, at 7:30 EWT. Plans
for a picnic will be discussed at that
Aunt Ruth Buchanan still wants
Daily's for the men in service even
though the war is over. Please send
them to Aunt Ruth, Museum Build-
Student Football Tickets to the
Great Lakes, Indiana and Northwest-
ern Football Gaines: Civilian students
enrolled in the 1945 Summer Term
who are entitled to student admis-
sion to the first three University of
Michigan home football games, should
exchange their Physical Education
coupon (ticket No. 7) for their foot-
ball tickets at the Athletic Office'
Ferry Field, between 8:00 a. m. and
5:00 p. m. on the following days:'
Senior and graduate students-
Monday, August 27th.
Junior Students-Tuesday, August
Freshman Students - Thursday,
Class preference will be obtainable
only on the date indicated. Students
desiring their 'tickets in one block
should present their Physical Educa-
tion coupons together. One student
may present all of the coupons for
such a block of student tickets. Where
students of different classes desire
adjacent seats, the preference of the
lowest class will prevail.
American Society of Mechanical
Engineers. Regular meeting Wed-
nesday, August 22. Movies on the
use of the milling machine in a ma-
chine shop and a tool room. 7:30
EWT. Michigan Union.
Detroit Civil Service announcement
for Farm Supervisor (Dairy & Live-
stock), $2,348 to $2,553, has been re-
ceived in our office. For further in-
formation regarding examination,.
stop in at 201 Mason Hall, Bureau
Examination Schedule. For the
schools and colleges on the eight-
Hour of Time of
8 Thursday 8-10
9 Friday 8-10
10 Thursday 2- 4
11 Friday 2- 4
1 Thursday 4- 6
2 Thursday 10-12
3 Friday 10-12
All other hours Friday 4- 6
Any deviation from the above sche-
dule may be made only by mutual
agreement between student and in-
structor, and with the approval of
the Examination Schedule Commit-
After the Summer Session, the Gen-
eral Library will be open -daily the
usual hours, 7 a. m. to 9 p. m., CWT,
except that it will close at 5 p. m.
CWT, on Saturdays, beginning Aug-
ust 25. There will be no service on
Sundays until November.
Most of the divisional libraries will
be closed or will operate on a short-
ened schedule. Hours will be posted k
on the doors. a
Jordan Hall will hold an Open .
House from 6:00 to 10:00 p. m. on h
Friday night, August 24. Entertain- V
ment will be highlighted by a cam-
pus favorite. Everybody is cordially t
Academic Notices t
Attention August and October Y
Graduates: College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts, School of Educa-
tion, School of Music, School of Pub-c
lic Health: Students are advised not
to request grades of I or X in Aug- E
ust, or October. When such grades C
are absolutely imperative, the workc
must be made up in time to allow f
your instructor to report the make- g
up grade not later than noon, Aug- r
ust 31, for the Summer Session, and
noon, October 26, for the Summer e
Term. Grades received after that
time may defer the student's gradua-
tion until a later date.c
Recommendations for Department-'
al Honors: Teaching departments 1
wishing to recommend tentative Aug-
ust graduates from the College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts, and
the School of Education for de-
partmental honors should send such t
names to the Registrar's office, Room i
4, University Hall, by noon August
31. Recommendations for tentative
October candidates should be in the
Registrar's Office by noon October,
Notice to Students in the Summer
Session Regarding Library Books:
The names of all students whor
have not cleared their recordsc
at the Library by Friday, August 24,
will be sent to the Recorder's Office.
The credits of these students will be
held up until their records are clear-
ed, in compliance with regulations
established by the Regents.
Linguistic Institute Lecture. "From
Morpheme to Utterance." Prof. Zellig
S. Harris, of the University of Penn--r
sylvania. Wednesday, August 22, 6:30
p. m. CWT (7:30' p. m. EWT), Rack-
Students, College of Engineering:]
The final day for dropping courses
without record will be Saturday, Aug-
ust 25. A course may be dropped only
with the permission of the classifier
after conference with the instructor.
Colleges of Literature, Science, and
the Arts, and Architecture and De-
sign; Schools of Education, Forestry,
Music, and Public Health: Summer
Session Students wishing a trans-
cript of this summer's work only
should file a request in Room 4, U.H.,
several days before leaving Ann Ar-
bor. Failure to file this request be-
fore the end of the session will re-
sult in a needless delay of several
Physical Education-Women Stu-
dents: Registration for the second
eight weeks of activities will be held
on Thursday and Friday, August 23
and 24, 8:30 to 12:00 and 1:30 to 4:30
in Office 15, Barbour Gymnasium.
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: Midsemester re-
ports are due not later than Saturday,
Report cards are being distributed
to all departmental offices. Green
cards are being provided for fresh-
man and sophomores and white cards
for reporting juniors and seniors. Re-
ports of freshmen and sophomores
should be sent to 108 Mason Hall;
those of juniors and seniors to 1220
Midsemester reports should name
those students, freshmen and upper-
classmen, whose standing at midse-
mester is D or E, not merely those
who receive D or E in so-called mid-
Students electing our courses, but
registered in other schools or colleges
of the University should be reported
to the school or college in which
they are registered.
Doctoral Examination for Leo Lem-
e, Education; thesis: "Improvement
n Playing the Violin Through In-
truction in Phrasing," Wednesday,
August 22, East Council Room, Rack-
iam, at 2:00 p. m. EWT. Chairman,
W.7 C. Trow.,
By action of the Executive Board
he Chairman may invite members of
he faculties and advanced doctoral
andidates to attend this examina-
ion, and he may grant permission to
those who for sufficient reason might
wish to be present.
Faculty of College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: College of
Architecture and Design: School of
Education: School of Forestry and
Conservation: School of Music: and
School of Public Health: Class lists
for use "in reporting summer session
grades of undergraduate students en-
oiled in these units, and also grad-
uate students in the Schools of For-
estry and Conservation, Music, and
Public Health, were mailed Monday,
August 20. Any one failing to re-
ceive their lists should notify the
Registrar's Office, Miss Cuthbert,
Phone 308, and duplicates will be
prepared for them.
Faculty, College ofnEngineering:
There will be a meeting of the fac-
ulty on Friday, August 24, at 4:15
p. m., in Room 348, West Engineer-
Student Recital: Elaine Ashbey
Rathbun, pianist, will present a re-
cital Wednesday, August 22. 1945,
7:30 p. m. (CWT) in the Rackham
Assembly. A pupil of Joseph Brink-
nan, Miss Rathbun will be heard in
ompositions by Bach, Beethoven,
Sandro Fuga and Schubert.
The general public is invited.
Choral Union Concerts: Concerts
will be given in the-Sixty-seventh an-
nual Choral Union Series next season
PAUL ROBESON, Baritone. Sat-
urday, Nov. 3.
CLEVELAND ORCHESTRA, Erich
Leinsdorf, Conductor. Sunday, Nov.
ALEXANDER UNINSKY, Pianist.
Monday, Nov. 19.
JENNIE TOUREL, Contralto. Tues-
day, Nov. 27.
'DON COSSACK CHORUS, Serge
Jaroff, Conductor. Monday, Dec. 3.
BOSTON SYMPHONY ORCHES-
TRA, Serge Koussevitzky, Conductor.
Monday, Dec. 10.
JASCHA HEIFTZ, Violinist. Fri-
day, Jan. 18.
CHICAGO SYMPHOUY ORCHES-
TRA, Desire Defauw, Conductor.
Thursday, Jan. 31.
ARTUR SCINABEL, Pianist, Wed-
nesday, Feb. 13.
DETROIT SYMPHONY ORCHES-
TRA, Karl Krueger, Conductor. Mon-
day, March 11.
Orders for season tickets, accom-
panied by remittance to cover, will
be accepted, and filed in seuences;
and selections made accordingly.
Ticket prices are as follows:
$15.60 (Block A, Patron Tickets).
Three center sections on main floor
and in first balcony.
" $13.20 (Block B). Side sections on
both main floor and in first balcony.
$10.80 (Block C). First sixteen
rows in the top balcony
$8.40 (Block C). Last six rows in
the top balcony.
Remittances should be made pay-
able to University Musical Society,
and mailed to Charles A. Sink, Presi-
dent, Burton Memorial Tower, Ann
Clements Library. Japan in Maps
from Columbus to Perry (1492-1854).
Architecture Building. Student
Michigan Historical. Collections,
160 Rackham Building. The Uni-
versity of Michigan in the war
Museums Building, rotunda. Some
fnnr Ads theAmerian Tndian.
T he rain stopped and they're all out on the
terrace now. Go join them, Mr. O'Malley.
I waited an hour out there.
Wherever 1 blt kfor them
, 3 v~r r. ew - . - a
I've often argued with Barnaby about JOHNSO7
that silly Pixey he claims really exists. How cute.
I ask him, if this pink-winged creature
is around the house all the time, why
is itll never happened to meet him?
By Crockett Johnson
if, and sometimes I doubt it, your
parents actually do exist, I cannot
but conclude they're avoiding me!
Coincidence can go only so far ...
If I'm wrong, they can contact me
re.A r.t r I-nmlat.vin m'hf