TlHE MICHTIGAN rDAILY
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Hirohito Democratic as Youth
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NIGHT EDITOR: CAROL ZACK
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
HE WAR CAN STILL BE LOST.
The hardest part of victory remains before
us. Keeping the peace cannot be done in one
great effort to the tune of martial music and
bold headlines. It is a matter of unremitting
vigilance which extends into every detail of our
It is not only watchfulness of our neighbors
but also of ourselves. It is not a case of major
issues like conscription, armament or even of
tariffs, so much as it is concerned with our att-
titude on living.
During this war we have learned to put the
communal good before the individual. The in-.
ternational cooperation which won the battles
is a bigger thing than those victories. If we can
keep in mind this lesson, it is worth the terrible
If we can apply it year after year in every
transaction, if we can remember the awful,
inevitable results of greed, if we can stick to-
gether for the 'rewards of peace as we have
for the exigencies of battle, then we have won
V-DAY CAME Tuesday and with it came, be-
sides the jubilation, the realization that this
country has not prepared itself to function un-
der a peacetime economy.
Not only were reconversion plans largely
non-existent, but congressmen were off on
vacation and did not plan to return until Sep-
tember 4. The war ends, production cutbacks
immediately follow, people are left without
jobs, the services make plans for discharging
millions of men and women, and Congress
goes on a vacation.
Estimates have been made that what hap-
hazard reconversion we will have will result in
eight million unemployed. A period when eight
million people face the prospect of unemploy-
ment is not a period when congressmen should
The President has the Constitutional power
to call Congress into special session. This is
a time when he should use that power.
NORWAY is today in desperate need of all
kinds and types of clothing. The Germans,
who occupied that country for five years, have
taken most of the available food, clothes, and
fuel from its courageous citizens.
"American Relief for Norway, Inc.," an or-
'ganization which has been gathering, making,
and sending food and clothing to Norway is
appealing to all students and townspeople to
contribute any and all clothes they can spare.
Men's, women's, children's, and babies' winter
and summer clothes are urgently needed. Dur-
ing the occupation the Norwegian people were
unable to obtain anything new. The women
have made dresses from curtains and old
pillow cases, darning and remaking in the
effort to look neat, but, as one woman said,
"We will get a shock when we see the fashion
papers from the United States."
There are even cases of babies being wrapped
in paper for lack of clothes and blankets. Shoes
especially are critically needed at present, for
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON - Twenty-three yeare ago,
this writer, visiting in Japan, got consider-
able first-hand information about the Emperor
from a young Japanese Quaker, Renzo Sawada,
who had been picked to accompany Hirohito,
then Crown Prince, on a trip to see the Western
Never before had a ruler of Japan left Its
shores. In the past scarcely was the Emperor
even seen by his subjects. Some idea of his
isolation can be gained from the fact that the
word "mike" means "awful"; the word "do"
means "place"; and the name "mikado" means
In the old days, priests came to worship at
the "awful place," but they never saw the Em-
peror whose other name even today is "Tenno,"
meaning "Son of Heaven." The Emperor is
synonymous with the sun and from this comes
the Japanese flag, with sixteen spreading rays
symbolic of the rising sun and the Emperor.
In those days the Mikado was the theoretical
owner of all the land and all the people and
their possessions. He was their god and protec-
tor. His lance and shield came from Ama, "the
ancestral region." Thus arose the cult of Shin-
toism which actually means "rule of the super-
iors" or "way of the gods." Even the word for
government in Japan, "matusurigoto" means
"shrine visiting" or "religion".
THUS DURING MOST of Japanese history;
in fact up until just after the arrival of Com-
mander Perry in 1852, the Mikado was an ether-
eal spiritual being, not a ruler; and it came as
a definite shock to many Japanese that their
Emperor-to-be should sail off to England and
France to absorb Western culture.
In fact, some of the more intense patriots
actually threw themselves on the railroad tracks
in front of the train carrying Hirohito to Yoko-
hama in protest against the departure.
Naturally Hirohito may have changed a lot
during the 25 years since his trip. Naturally'
also, my friend Sawada was prejudiced in his
favor. However, the story of that voyage was
one of a young man anxious to mingle with
his fellowmen, astound the Emperor-worship-
pers by wrestling on the deck with his aides,
get a bloody nose, and dance democratically
with the servants of the Duke of Atholl in the
same "Barbaric" Scotland, which, according
to Shinto priests, is made from the mud and
seafoam left over after creation of the "heav-
enly isles"- Japan.
Hirohito even nanaged to deliver a public
speech to the lord mayor of London; and no
emperor in all the history of Japan had ever
delivered a public speech before. In all Japanese
history, furthermore, no emperor had purchased
an article of any shape, size or form. In Paris,
however, Hirohito insisted on going alone and
buying a necktie, and later a pearl for his
His greatest ambition, however, was to ride
on the Paris subway or "metro". Before leaving
Tokyo, Hirohito's staff had been strictly for-
bidden to let the heir to the throne ride on
any subway; but despite this, the Crown Prince
bolted most of his staff and ventured under-
ground. He insisted on buying the tickets him-
self and handed them to the fat lady guarding
But he handed them to her in a bunch, in-
stead of spreading them out fan-shape, so that
she could not punch them quickly. All of which
brought forth a storm of abuse in metro Fench
heaped on the head of the future ruler of Japan.
"Kimi," he appealed to one of his aides, "the
grandmother is talking to me. I didn't expect
so much conversation. She seemed to have her
back up." So to this large and irate lady, whom-
By Ray Dio.ro
There have been many theories advanced dur-
ing the past week as to just why the Japs picked
this week for surrendering. It is fairly obvious
that the REAL reasons are:
l) The Japs soviet too much.
2) This gave them indigestion and atomiache.
3) As a result, they got sick and tired of war
and were not able to fight to the last manchuria.
4) Besides, they were afraid of a threatened
Allied offensive being launched on a large scale.
The only notes they had on the scale were do
5) All this was done to the tune of "I Sur-
* * *
We'd like to take this opportunity to thank
various and sundry members of The Daily staff
who worked hard and lost a lot of sleep in the
process of putting out our victory extra. Among
these are Malcolm Roemer, Eunice Mintz, Lynne
Sperber, Anita Franz, Bob Goldman, Evelyn
Mills, Dick Strickland, Helen Colton, Art Kraft,
Pat Cameron, Edel Dodd, Howie Farrar, Lauren
Kinsley, Maurice Lee, Sherman Poteet and Ken
Chatters, as well as a whole slew of others who
did everything from selling the extras to fur-
nishing the staff with food during their long
soever she may have been, went the privilege
of scolding the "Son of Heaven" for the first
time in more than a thousand years.
These are some of the things which had led
many missionaries and State Department of-
ficials to the conclusion that Hirohito is lib-
eral and moderate. Unquestionably he is more
moderate than the military men around him;
perhaps also it is true that he is opposed to
However, Hirohito has now become so much
the tool of the militarists, so indelibly stamped
with the mark of fascist conquest, that it will
be extremely difficult to build a new and
democratic Japan with him in the saddle.
Some of the factors on the other side of the
balance sheet will be discussed in a future
"HE F. B. I. has been called in to investigate
how and whence this column last week pub-
lished the blueprint of the U. S. Army for gov-
erning Germany. Apparently the powers that
be don't think that the American people, who
fought this war, are entitled to know the com-
plete plan for governing Germany. . . The resig-
nation of John Winant as Ambassador to Great
Britain can be expected within 60 days. He
was not taken to Potsdam. . . The resignation
of George Messersmith as U. S. envoy to Mexico
also is in the works. . . Marriner Eccles' resigna-
tion as head of the Federal Reserve Board, is
now on President Truman's desk.
Assistant Secretary of State Will Clayton
is preparing the ground work for his interna-
tional trade conference to take place in London
sometime in October. The conference will
endeavor to combat world cartels and monop-
olies. . . Director Peron of Argentina waited
until the world was absorbed with Japanese
surrender to clap one thousand patriotic Ar-
gentines in jail. Peron always waits until the
eyes of the world are diverted before doing
an undercover knife job on democracy.
IF GENERAL MacARTHUR and Admiral Nim-
itz enter Tokyo simultaneously, it will be the
first time they have spoken or conferred since
President Roosevelt called them to Pearl Har-
bor one year ago. The two men have not been
good friends. . . During the earlier part of the
war MacArthur, then in Australia. told Nimitz
and Navy leaders that they would have to come
to Australia if they wanted to talk to him.
Inside fact is that Russia and Japan had
been fighting for about two weeks before war
was officially declared - but the shooting was
labelled border skirmishes. Tokyo didn't want
any declaration of war, while Stalin wasn't
quite ready to launch a big offensive... Tru-
man was kept informed regarding all these
incidents... Tip-off that Japan was weaken-
ing came after Russia declared war, and the
Japs did not declare war in return.
Gaylord Marsh, former U. S. consul general
in Korea, who knows the Japanese intimately,
says that if Hirohito abdicates in favor of his
son - which he thinks is probable - it will be
to defeat popular government in Japan; also to
defeat religious freedom. . . The Army is due
to cutback on almost everything except hos-
(Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
our culture? Our prewar preju-
dices have never been consistant
with the so-called "American tradi-
tion." They are completely in-
compatible with the new world we
want. However, we seem conscious-
ly to avoid cultural reconversion.
If we permit our idiotic, ego-cen-
tric false pride of non-existant
American traditional democracy to
force us to maintain prewar intol-
erances and narrownesses, we shall
We must recognize-and this isj
our last chance-that permanent real
prosperity depends directly on per-
manent real democracy.
Now is the time for decision.
WALTER LIPPMAN'S comfortable
theory that the US would be the
intermediary between the UK and
the USSR is damaged by the British
election; with Socialists in control,
the UK is more apt to be the half-way
house between plan-loving Russians
and plan-abhoring Americans.
-T.R.B., New Republic, Aug. 131
Haight's delight at the obvious slip
of the pen Mr. Richards made in his
third paragraph in writing "Blithe
Spirit" when .he meant "Quality
Street," and can envision.Mr. Haight
smugly considering that this, by itself,
is enough to weaken Mr. Richard's
case. For obviously, Mr. Haight is one
of those whose perception is focussed
solely on the "outward and visible
signs," and who is blind to the "in-
ner and spiritual meanings."
It is, however, these "inner and
spiritual meanings," which make
"Quality Street" so vastly superior
to the pat and splatter Mr. Haight
prefers. Since Mr. Haight is un-
able to see anything more in Qual-
ity Street than a cat and mouse
run-around between two moulder-
ing old maids, it will probably
amaze him to learn what can be
found of permanent philosophic
value by those whose sensitivities
have remained undulled. "Quality
Street" presents, for our contem-
plation a number of virtues. (How
out-moded! How uninteresting!"
I can hear Mr. Haight sneering.)
So out-moded, and uninteresting,
Democracy Letters to
T HE NATION now has a green light
on reconversion. Industry zooms
ahead to return to peacetime produc- Quality Street".
tion: five million cars per year, re-
frigerators and washing machines in- DOOR Mr. Haight's article in your
stead of tanks, munitions and ships. August 9th issue, merely served
The Union has chocolate bars with,
nuts. Eve'yone anticipates, with fing}- to show how slight are his preten-
ers crossed, a postwar period of new Lions to understand dramatic liter-
prosperity--the secure and lasting ature. I am grateful to Phil Rich-
prosperity which Mr. Hoover always ards for pointing out some of the
saw just around the corner. A new evidences of Mr. Haight's abysmal
era is a gauteriallyattitl ignorance. I can imagine Mr.
that he positively did not recog-
The main problem of the play con-
cerns, of course, the decision most
girls have to face:-how far can they
go in pursuit of the man of their
choice, and retain Lruth his, and their
own self-respect. Barry shows us
that he approves of a woman doing
something more than sitting back in
reluctant spinsterhood. Yet he obvi-
ously does not condone a woman's
throwing herself at the male for it is
not the gay flirt that attracts Mr.
Brown. Yet this is not the chief
message of the play. It might be if
the play ended with the third act,
as Mr. Haight would have it do.
What Barry has to say is this: When
our personal integrity is impaired we
cannot be happy even though we may
have achieved the goal at which we
aimed. And this, Mr. Haight is the
philosophy you missed in the last
There is many a play which runs
on smart lines and technical adroit-
ness which, at the curtain's drop
leaves but the memory of a laugh.
"Quality Street" gives us chuckles
perhaps, instead of laughs but it
leaves us much to ponder over,
much that is worth the pondering.
And for those whose spark of im-
agination has not been quenched
by the cold water of the material-
ism of Mr. Haight and his ilk, even
the foolishness of imagining what
would have happened if Mr. Brown
had "fallen for" Livvy.
-Henry C. Klingbell.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
WEDNESDAY NIGHT's performance of
"Naughty Marietta" was, taken as a whole,
pleasant. This in spite of the fact that the
monotonous hilarity of Victor Herbert is usually
depressing. Much of the credit for this amazing
situation must go to the choreography and pan-
tomime, which were superb. Even though the
moments of degeneracy might be picked out,
the total effect of the dancing was to save the
show. Mr. Kaminski and Mr. Markey cooperated
splendidly in the rescue; and, to a lesser extent,
so did Miss Lawton and Mr. Malitz. The orches-
tra was good and most of the singers were tol-
erable. Mr. Baker has a nice voice, but unfor-
tunately he is no actor - he has a tendency to
mumble his lines through a dead pan.
Much of this is beside the point, however,
compared to the dances. Taken alone, the
dances of Mr. Markey and Mr. Mitchell would
make the operetta worthwhile; the combina-
tion of these with many other excellent cho-
reographic snatches transforms "Naughty
Marietta" into a surprisingly pleasant evening.
Plug up your ears if you can't stand Victor
Herbert (as I can't), and you'll enjoy it.
HAVE BEEN accused repeatedly of writing
the letter signed Phil Richards, so that I might
have additional straw men to push over. This
assertion is wholly without basis and I immed-
iately disclaim any responsibility for that com-
pendium of error.
My agents inform me that it was written by
an association of outraged speech and play pro-
duction students; and that at least one of the
comments - "ABC of the theatre" - was swiped
directly from a lecture in the speech department.
To reveal any other details of this strange
document would be perhaps cruel; but it must
be confessed that such feeble sallies make it
difficult to restrain a sensation of vainglory.
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Summer Session office,
Angell Hall, by 2:30 p. mi. of the day
preceding publication (10:30 a. m. Sat-
CENTRAL WAR TIME USED IN
THE DAILY OFFICIAL
FRIDAY, AUGUST 17, 1945
VOL. LV, No. 31S
The University of Michigan Polo-
nia Club will hold its next meeting on
Tuesday, August 21st at the Interna-
tional Center, at 7:30 EWT. Plans
for a picnic will be discussed at that
State of Connecticut Civil Service
announcement for Probation Officer,
$2,100 to $3,000 per annum, has been
received in our office. For further
information call at the Bureau of Ap-
pointments, 201 Mason Hall.
Michigan State Civil Service an-
nouncements for Library Executive
II, $230 to $270 per month, has been
received in our office. For further
informationcall at the Bureau of
Appointments, 201 Mason Hall.
Detroit Civil Service announce-
ments for the following examina-
tions have been received in our office:
Zoological Instructor, $2,553 to $2,691
per year, Social Case Worker, $2,100
to $2,460 per year, Student Social
Worker, $1,734 to $1,920 per year, As-
sistant Dietitian, $1,998 to $2,130,
Dietitian, $2,262 to $2,670, and Public
Housing Aid, $2,150 to $2,553. For
further information regarding these
openings, call at the Bureau of Ap-
pointments, 201 Mason Hall.
The Angell Hall Observatory will
be open to visitors on Friday evening,
August 17, from 8:00 to 10:00 p. m.,
CWT (9:00 to 11:00 p. m., EWT) if
the sky is clear to observe the Moon
and Jupiter. Children must be ac-
companied by adults.
Attention August and October
Graduates: College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts, School of Educa-
tion, School of Music, School of Pub-
lic Health: Students are advised not
to request grades of I or X in Aug-
ust, or October. When such grades
are absolutely imperative, the work
must be made up in time to allow
your instructor to report the make-
up grade not later than noon, Aug-
ust 31, for the Summer Session, and
noon, October 26, for the Summer
Term. Grades received after that
time may defer the student's gradua-
tion until a later date.
Colleges of Literature, Science, and
the Arts, and Architecture and De-
sign; Schools of Education, Forestry,
Music, and Public Health: Each stu-
dent who has changed his address
since June registration should file a
change of address in Room 4, U. H.,
so that thedreport of this summer
work will not be misdirected.
Seniors: College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts, Schools of Educa-
tion, Music, and Public Health: Tent-
ative lists of seniors for September
and October graduation have been
posted on the bulletin board in Room
4, University Hall. If your name does
not appear, om, if included there, it
is not correctly spelled, please notify
the counter clerk.
The final clinic of the season at
the University of Michigan Fresh Air
Camp will be held Friday, August 17,
8:00 (EWT) at the Main Lodge.
Selma Horowitz, of Detroit, will be
the consultant. The clinic will be
devoted to a study of cabin adjust-
ment and the implications for group
therapy in a camp situation. The
camp is on Patterson Lake, near
Pickney. Students interested in
Mental Hygiene and the problems of
adjustment are welcome to attend.
The Mathematics Club will meet
Friday, August 17, at 4:15 p. m.
(EWT) in the East Conference Room
of the Rackham Building. Mr. D. K.
Kazarinoff will speak on "Sphero-
All Manuscripts to be submitted in
the Summer Hopwood contest should
be in the Hopwood Room by 4:30
p. m. EWT; this Friday afternoon,
Notice to Students in the Summer
Session Regarding Library Books:
1. Students enrolled in the eight
weeks' Summer Session who have in
their possession books drawn from
the General Library and its branches
are notified that such books are due
Tuesday, August 21.
2. The names of all such students
who have not cleared their records
at the Library by Friday, August 24,
will be sent to the Recomder's Office.
The credits of these students will be
held up until their records are clear-
ed, in compliance with regulations
established by the Regents.
Linguistic Institute. The question-
and-answer program will be held Tu-
esday, August 21, at 7 p. m. EWT
in the Rackham Amphitheatre.
Questions will be answered by
a panel of members of the In-
stitute faculty. Members of the In-
stitute are requested to leave ques-
tions on linguistic topics in Profes-
sor Fries's box in the English depart-
ment office, 3221 Angell Hall, any
time before noon Tuesday.
Doctoral Examination for Chester
Emanuel Eisinger, English Language
and Literature; thesis: "The Freehold
Concept in American Letters, 1607-
1800," Friday, August 17, 3223 Angell
Hall, at 3:00 p. m. EWT. Chairman,
W. G. Rice.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members of
the faculties and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend this examina-
tion, and he may grant permission to
Choral Union Concerts: Concerts
will be given in the Sixty-seventh an-
nual Choral Union Series next season
PAUL ROBESON, Baritone. Sat-
urday, Nov. 3.
CLEVELAND ORCHESTRA, Erich
Leinsdorf, Conductor. Sunday, Nov.
ALEXANDER UNINSKY, Pianist.
Monday, Nov. 19.
JENNIE TOUREL, Contralto. Tues-
day, Nov. 27.
DON COSSACK CHORUS, Serge
Jaroff, Conductor. Monday, Dec. 3.
BOSTON SYMPHONY ORCHES-
TRA, -Serge Koussevitzky, Conductor.
Monday, Dec. 10.
JASCHA HEIFETZ, Violinist. Fri-
day, Jan. 18.
CHICAGO SYMPHOUY ORCHES-
TRA, Desire Defauw, Conductor.
Thursday, Jan. 31.
ARTUR SCHNABEL, Pianist, Wed-
nesday, Feb. 13.
DETROIT SYMPHONY ORCHES-
TRA, Karl Krueger, Conductor. Mon-
day, March 11.
Orders for season tickets, accom-
panied by remittance to cover, will
be accepted, and filed in sequences;
and selections made accordingly.
Ticket prices are as follows:
$15.60 (Block A, Patron Tickets).
Three center sections on main floor
and in first balcony.
$13.20 (Block B). Side sections on
both main floor and in first balcony.
$10.80 (Block C). First sixteen
rows in the top balcony
$8.40 (Block C). Last six rows in
the tot, balcony.
Remittances should be made pay-
able to University Musical Society,
and mailed to Charles A. Sink, Presi-
dent, Burton Memorial Tower, Ann
Clements Library. Japan in Maps
from Columbus to Jerry (1492=1854).
Michigan Historical Collections,
160 Rackham Building. The Uni-
versity of Michigan in the war.
Museums Building, rotunda. Some
foods of the American Indian.
General Library, main corridor
cases: History of the efforts toward
Operetta. "Naughty Marietta," by
Victor Herbert and Rita Johnson
Young. School of Music and Michigan
Repertory Players, Department of
Speech. August 15-18 and August 20.
The regular Thursday tea will be
held at the International Center on
August 16 from 4 to 5:30. Honored
guests will be Professor George C.
By Crockett Johnson
Pop. Mr. O'Malley, my Fairy Godfather, is jJOHN Or/
l don't see that Pixey out there, Barnaby.
[Hello, mnboy. I've called of the