THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FRIDAY, AUGUST 10, 1941
PSEIGE TWO FRIDAY, AUGUST 10, 1945
Omissions from Potsdam Report
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board of Control
of Student Publications. The Sumner Daily is pub-
Ushed every day during the week except Monday and
. . . . Managing Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
, . . . Associate Editor
. . . Sports Editor
. . . Business Manager
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON - Some of the important
things really happening at Potsdam but dis-
creetly omitted from the communique have now
Two of them concerned the keeping of Allied
troops in occupied Europe this winter, and the
intricate problem of setting up real democracy
in the Balkans and southern Europe. They
caused some near cat-and-dog fights and ended
Biggest fight at Potsdam was over the pro-
posal to withdraw Allied troops from a large
part of occupied Europe before winter.
This was quietly put forward by President
Truman, but met with cool reception from
Churchill. Stalin was even chillier.
Truman was referring, not to Germany, but
to the various sattelite Axis countries which
never got into the war with any enthusiasm,
plus some of the Allied countries which never
wanted to get into the war at all.
Churchill Says No . .
WHEN TRUMAN proposed that British troops
withdraw completely from Jugoslavia and
Greece (The British have as many troops in
Greece as the Germans once did), Churchill
bluntly said no.
However, Churchill did consent, after con-
siderable argument by Truman, to withdraw
most American and British troops from Italy
during the coming winter.
Incidentally, most of the Potsdam agreement
was settled while Winston Churchill was still
prime minister of England. For better or worse,
it stands as a monument to him. By the time
new Prime Minister Attlee arrived, most of the
job was finished, and, inasmuch as he had sat
in on the preceding talks, he OK'd all that
Churchill had done - with one exception-
Spain. Attlee caused the declaration against
Franco to be strengthened.
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NIGHT EDITORS: SACKS AND ZACK
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
BOTH FACULTY MEMBERS and students
have lost a friend in the passing of Prof.
Joseph Newhall Lincoln, member of the Depart-
ment of Romance Languages.
An esteemed member of the faculty, he served
as secretary to the faculty of the College of
Literature, Science and the Arts and as a mem-
ber of numerous committees.
There are many things that characterized
him, but none so much as his gentle disposition,
soft-spoken manner and reserved, distinguished
The late Prof. Lincoln was especially hospit-
able to younger people. He welcomed graduates
4n4 teaching fellows to his home and was lib-
eral with his time.
As advisor to concentrates in Spanish, he
was a sympathetic friend and counselor. To all,
he was kind and generous.
MAJOR RICHARD BONG, the greatest of
America's fighter pilots, was killed Monday
when the jet plane he was testing crashed in
Bong was testing something new ... jet pro-
pulsion is no old story with science. He was
fighting a new kind of battle, a battle for science
that, like the other battles he fought, should
The tragedy that is Bong's death is a symbol
of all the tragedy that war is. Again the life of
a young, fine American was taken . . . a life
that, in terms of years, was hardly begun.
The death of Bong was for the battle of
science, a battle to which there is no end. It
is to be hoped that the other battle he fought
will have an end, and never again a beginning.
PLANS FOR THE COLLECTION of repara-
tions from guilty Germany were announced
in the communique from the Potsdam Confer-
ence. According to the principle put forth in
the report, Russia will collect its claims and
those of Poland from the Russian zone of oc
cupation and Britain, the United States and
other countries entitled to reparations, from the
British, American and French zones.
The report goeson-to say that Germany will
le treated as a "single economic unit" in mat-
ters of trade, money, transport, communica-
tions and reparations. And Germany is to as-
sume the responsibility of administering con-
trols to carry out these objectives.
Both of these provisions sound fine. They
may even prove workable. But it is easier to
claim reparations than to collect them, and
it is a far more simple matter to hope for
economic reconstruction than to achieve it.
After the last war, a wrecked and devastated
Germany was assessed by the Allied powers.
When she made no attempt to pay her debt, a
couple of commissions were set to work to find
means of reducing the amount of reparations
without admitting to the American people that
they could not be paid.
The outcome of the reparations issue after
the last war should make us blush. German in-
dustrialists sold their bonds in this country;
later Germany repudiated the bonds. Actually
BICKERING OVER THE BALKANS also end-
ed in a stalemate. The Big Three could get
nowhere regarding the Axis satellites, except
on the non-Balkan country of Finland.
In describing the problems confronting the'
Big Three, this column reported on July 20,
1945, that Stalin last May proposed Allied rec-
ognition of Hungary, Bulgaria, Roumania and
Finland, but that Truman then was only will-
ing to recognize Finland.
The column also reported that the American
minister in Bulgaria had been held almost a
prisoner in his own legation by Soviet troops.
At Potsdam, therefore, Truman proposed that
tiey review the situation in Finland, Bulgaria,
Roumania, et al, and took up Finland first. It
was agreed that the Finnish situation was sat-
isfactory, that a stable government had been
THO U GHT...
By Ray Dixon
WE HAD NEVER MET a senator before last
Friday when Senator Ferguson came to
town. The League of Women Voters (which is
remarkably active and effective in Ann Arbor)
scheduled a little reception for the senator and
his wife in the Rackham Building and we re-
ceived an invite.
After dutifully standing in the reception
line for 20 minutes greeting his constituents,
the senator took a drink of water and pro-,
ceeded to talk in a friendly way about things
and stuff -none of which was very spectac-
ular, but most of which was interseting.
First of all, he made the perennial point about
what a wonderful place Ann Arbor is. Then he
said a little something about how most of a
Congressman's work is done in committee and
how it is often more effectively done behind
closed doors, intimating that the Mead Com-
mittee's recent investigatipn of Detroit labor
problems was of this type.
The rest of the time he talked of his trip
through Europe in May with a bunch of other
senators. We gathered that he is in favor of
Europe and against more war.
He marveled at the German's capacity to obey
orders, no matter who was giving them (telling
of how fully-armed German officers occupying
a Norwegian hotel soon after V-E day moved
out at the simple request of the hotel's owner.)
He wondered at the remarkable damage done
to German cities by the Allies.
He doubted that Pastor Nieomoller was the
man to take over as head man in Germany be-
cause of his weakened condition after. spending
eight and a half years in a concentration camp
for disagreeing with Hitler on the usefulness
of the church in the Nazi world that was to be.
After Senator Ferguson's little chat was over
we left with these impressions - 1) Ferguson
looks like his pictures, 2) a senator is in a po-
sition of having to try to please everybody, 3)
As he is on vacation, Samuel Grafton's "I'd
Rather Be Right" will not appear on this page
during the remainder of the summer session.
The Daily will resume publication of his col-
umns at the beginning of the fall term'.
formed, and Truman promised to renew dip-
lomatic relations with Finland soon.
Then came the question of Bulgaria. Stalin
said that a democratic government had been
set up, and that democratic elections were to
be held in Bulgaria.
At this point, Truman pulled a letter from
his pocket and said, in effect, "Oh yeah?" The
letter was from an Agrarian (Peasant Party)
member of the Bulgarian cabinet, stating that
there could be no free elections under the
present set-up and no democratic system in
Bulgaria. The letter was addressed to the
Bulgarian prime minister, the American min-
ister in Bulgaria, and the Allied control com-
missioner. It proved a bombshell.
Stalin, taken aback, said no more about Bul-
garia. Next day, the agrarian cabinet member
was dropped from the Bulgarian cabinet and
the question of holdng free elections in-Bulgaria
went over to the meeting of foreign ministers to
be held in London before September 1.
(Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
AS AFTER THE LAST World War, the true
extent of the secret hookups between cer-
tain American businessmen and Nazi manufac-
turers is being revealed.
The expose of American Bosch, a manufac-
turer of magnetos and fuel-injector equipment
for Diesel engines and subsidiary for the Robert
Bosch Co. of Stuttgart, has pointed up the
vaguely-realized problem of these international
"merchants of death" to this demand: that the
underground connections between American and
German business be rooted out and brought into
According to a New York Herald Tribune
dispatch from Carl Levin in Stuttgart, the
German Bosch had "secretly reacquired the
majority stock of the American company, us-
ing the Darmstadter National Bank of Berlin
and Kuhn, Loeb and Co. of New York to pro-
vide funds and cloak the true ownership."
The Enskilda Bank of Stockholm took nom-
inal title of the company, but when the Alien
Property Custodian seized the company in 1942,
the German Bosch's legal adviser wrote a pre-
dated document proposing to transfer German
rights to the Wallenbergs, owners of Enskilda.
A secret arrangement accompanying the docu-
ment overrode its cover-up provisions.
On the American side of the dealings, George
Murnane, chairman and voting trustee of Amer-
ican Bosch, wrote a letter asserting his loyalty
to the German Bosch after the outbreak of war
but before American entrance. The letter did
not prove his disloyalty to the United States.
In 1942, however, a memorandum was writ-
ten to German Bosch explaining that, as Levin
phrases it, "the Alien Property Custodian
seized American Bosch somewhat unwillingly
and only at the insistence of Henry Morgen-
The American Bosch is not the only company
making war supplies which had secret connec-
tions with Germany and these others should be
Various South American nations are being
severely criticized for their laxity or down-
right refusal to eradicate connections such as
these and their action is being used as a pre-
requisite for admisson to the United Nations
circle. And yet complacently, perhaps half
fearfully, the United States has been slow in
investigating its submerged "trading in war
and death," and permits its own skeletons to
rj1HELASTING DESTRUCTION of aerial bom-
bardment is something which few people
can comprehend. For months we read of the
terrific bombardment that Greater Berlin re-
ceived from the U. S. Eighth Air Force, the R.-
A. F. and Russian heavy artillery. The cost of
rebuilding dwellings destroyed or hopelessly
damaged, estimated by Joel Sayre at 1,200,000
out of a total of 1,600,000 Berlin dwellings in a
cable to the New Yorker Magazine last week,
will be enormous in money, manpower and time.
Clearing rubble, some 35,000,000 cubic yards
of it, alone, Sayre writes, will take Berliners
24 years. He bases this estimate on a rate of
clearing of 10,000,000 truckloads or 3,000,000
freight car loads, removed at a rate of ten
freight train loads of 50 cars apiece every day.
As for rebuilding Berlin, Sayre, taking as a
maximum, 40,000 new dwellings a year, the
peacetime high for construction in Berlin, it
will be another 35 years before homes, hotels
and apartment houses reach their pre-war num-
One ,possible solution to the disposal prob-
lem, Sayre reports, is the construction of a
vast mountain of rubble, covered with green-
ery, on Berlin's largest park, the Tiergarten.
Such a mountain of rubble, it strikes us, would
be a fitting reminder to German generations
of the future that a sleeping democracy, like
the peaceful bee, can make an awful lot of
trouble for those who choose to disturb the
tenor of its ways.
-Arthur J. Kraft
THIS WAR must nave been fought
for fun. All the time we have
battled against the Nazi doctrine
of racial segregation and medieval
bigotry, the same principle has been
upheld in this country by some of
its leading cultural institutions.
No sooner has the voice of Hit-
ler fallen silent than Dr. Ernest
M. Hopkins, president of Dart-
mouth College, takes up the old
anti-Semitic torch, actualy quot-
ing the statistics of a Nazi philoso-
I pher as his justification.
In a telephone interview with the
New York Post, Dr. Hopkins stated
that Dartmouth College is "a Christ-
ian college founded for the Christ-
ianization of its students," and ad-
mitted that it denies entrance to most
Jews simply because they are Jews.
He justifies this policy by saying it
protects the Jews from anti-Semi-
In a letter to Herman Shumlin,
movie and theatrical producer, he
said there was a grave increase of
anti-Semitism in Germany after the
first world war because the soldiers
returning home found "all their in-
stitutions and all of their professions
dominated by a race (the Jews) which
numbered only one per cent of the
Dr. Hopkins' background for this
statement is to be found in a book
by Stephen Roberts, "The House
That Hitler Built," which quotes
statistics on the subject by Dr.r
Alfred Rosenberg, Nazi philosopher.
Apparently with the best of in- .
tentions, Dr. Hopkins wrote that
'Dartmouth would probably lose its
"racial tolerance" which it is "des-
perately anxious" to maintain, if it
were to admit large numbers of
Dr. 1-pkins is not the only one
guilty of such misuse of the word
tolerance. Not only his but other
educational institutions operate on
Real tolerance is not self-con-
scious. It does not hand to minori-
tiestas largess privileges which should
be theirs by right. It does not pro-
mote "racial equality" as a good work
but instinctively and without re-
Dr. Hopkins has been an active
internationalist, a leader in Amer-
' icans United for World Organiza-
tion. He has expressed hatred of
anti-Semitism. But while he "pro-
tects" Jews by keeping them a class
apart he defeats his avowed pur-
pose. Such efforts only serve to
advertiseand emphasize inter-ra-
BY WILLIAM S. GODSEIN
THERE ought to be a whipping day,
a public scapegoat on whom we
can hang the blame for the latest
bit of poor planning. It never rains
but it pours at Michigan. We go
five weeks without a dance, and then
two crop up for the same night. The
job is more than we can handle. We
decided to flip a coin. If it landed
heads, we would go to the "Aero"
dance. If it landed tails, we would go
to the "Grad" dance, and if it landed
on edge we decided that we would
stay in and study.
X* * *
We're rather satisfied to learn
both dances are semi-formal. We
haven't made up our minds yet
whether to go formal or wear our
own clothes. We expect to see a
lot of new summer formals being
worn by coeds. We know of at
least one girl who has an imported
formal. It's not really imported,
however. She had last year's dress
turned inside out, and now she
says that it's "from the other side."
We thoroughly enjoy a good dance
now and then, but to make dancing
a full time job, that's another story.
We know one fellow who one-steps
in the morning, two-steps in the aft-
ernoon, and side-steps his homework
in the evening.I
We're afraid that we're going to
be kept rather busy tonight going
from one dance to the other.
* *~ -
It seems to us that someone could
have saved us all the worry by hav-
ing a schedule all worked out before
hand. We notice that the football
team doesn't schedule two games
for the same day. A little consulta-
tion with the athletic department
or some other successful planner
might prove to be worth the time
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Summer Session office,
Angell Hall, by 2:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (10:30 a. m. Sat-
CENTRAL WAR TIME USED IN
FRIDAY, AUGUST 10, 1945
VOL. LV, No. 27S
The American Red Cross has ur-
gent need for Social Workers, Rec-
reation workers and Staff Aides to
help in Hospitals in this country as
well as for overseas positions. Age
23 to 50 and college men and women
preferred. Personnel secretaries from
Headquarters will be in Ann Ar-
bor on August 13 and 14 to inter-
view interested persons.
Appointments for interviews may
be made at Red Cross Headquarters,
The Fourth Clinic of the season
at the University of Michigan Fresh
Air Camp will be held Friday, Aug.
13th, 8:00 p. m. (EWT) at the Main
Lodge. Dr. Marie Skodak, Director
of the Flint Guidance Center, will be
the consultant. The camp is on Pat-
terson Lake, near Pickney. Students
interested in mental hygiene and
the problems of adjustment are wel-
come to attend.
The Graduate Outing Club is spon-
soring a supper picnic, Saturday,
August 11 at the island. We will
meet at the back entrance to the
Rackham building at 5 p. m. EWT
and proceed from there. Those in-
terested are asked to make their res-
ervations at 'the Rackham Building
check desk before Friday noon. The
charges will be fifty cents per person
and food will be provided. In the
event of rain the party will be held
in the Outing Club Room.
State of Michigan Civil Service
announcement for Hospital Super-
intendent V, salary $460 to $575 per
month, has been received in our of-
fice. Further information may be
obtained at 201 Mason Hall, Bureau
La Sociedad Hispanica is present-
ing a lecture on Argentinian Art by
Prof. Julio Payro, visiting prof. at the
Fine Arts Department from Argen-
tina. The lecture will be given in
Spanish Wednesday, August 15th at
8 o'clock (EWT) in Room D Fine
Arts Department. (Alumni Memorial
Hall). Everybody is invited.
What not to believe about Russia
will be the subject of a talk by Pro-
fessor Andrew Lobanov-Rostovsky on
Monday evening, August 13th, in the
Rackham Amphitheatre, at 8:15 p.m.
(EWT). The Russky Kruzhok (Rus-
sian Circle) cordially invites all facul-
ty members, students, and towns-
people to attend.
nary circumstances, such as serious
Colleges of Literature, Science, and
4he Arts, and Architecture and De-
sign; Schools of Education, Forestry,
Music, and Public Health: Summer
Session Stundents wishing a trans-
cript of this summer's work only
should file a request in Room 4, U.H.,
several days before leaving Ann Ar-
bor. Failure to file this request be-
fore the end of the session will re-
sult in a needless delay of several
Assistance for Veterans in Mathe-
matics: All veterans who require ad-
ditional assistance in Mathematics
are requested to meet in Room 3010
Angell Hall, Friday, August 10, at 5:00
p. m. (EWT) to make arrangements
for hours, type of assistance required,
Student Recital: Florcpce Mc-
Cracken; mezzo-soprano, will present
a recital in partial fulfillment of ,the
requirements for the degree of Mast-
er of Music at 7:30 p. m., (CWT)
Monday, August 13, in Pattengill
Auditorium of the Ann Arbor High
School. A pupil of Arthur Hackett,
Miss McCracken will sing selections
by Gluck, Debussey, Dvorak, Medni-
koff and Rachmaninoff. The public
is cordially invited.
Faculty Concert: Louise Rood, vio-
linist, and Benjamin Owen, pianist,
will present a concert Tuesday eve-
ning, August 14, at 7:30 p. m. (CWT)
in Pattengill Auditorium of the Ann
Arbor High School. The program
will consist of compositions by Jac-
obi, Griffes and Bloch. The general
public is invited.
Clements Library. Japan in Maps
from Columbus to Perry (1492-1854).
Still Mourn Death of Fascism
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Michigan Historical Collections,
160 Rackham Building. The Uni-
versity of Michigan in the war.
Museums Building, rotunda. Some
foods of the American Indian.
General Library, main corridor
cases. Early military science. Selec-
tion from the Stephen Spaulding, '27,
memorial collection, presented by Col.
T. M. Spaulding, '02.
Play. "Over 21" by Ruth Gordon.
Michigan Repertory Players, Depart-
ment of Speech. 7:30 p. m. CWT or
8:30 p. m. EWT Lydia Mendelssohn
The All National Club of the Uni-
versity will hold a tea dance on Fri-
day afternoon, August 10 from 4 to
6 o'clock (EWT) in the Interna-
tional Center. Admission is free to
anyone wishing to attend and music
will be recorded.
Motion Picture. French film, "Ulti-
matum," starring Eric von Stroheim.
7:30 p. m. CWT or 8:30 p. m. EWT.
Rackham Lecture Hall.
By Crockett Johnson
Me? Why, n.j But, somebody did, Minerva.
MI W hy n.
She did, too. She
thinks Barnaby's The doorbell .. The
Mr. and Mrs. Shultz just got here.
They're in the house, Mr. O'Malley.