THE MICHIGAN DAILY~
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 8, 1945
Background of Atomic Bomb
,Edited and managed by students of the University of
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NIGHT EDITOR: PATRICIA CAMERON
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY universities
and colleges are concerned with the housing
shortage - where to place the products of an
increased enrollment. The University of Michi-
gan is faced with the duo-problem of housing
students in a city of an expanding civilian pop-
Postwar housing plans have been formulated
here. The building of several large dormitories
and apartment houses for married couples has
already been approved by the Board of Regents.
Recent announcement of three loans from the
Federal Works Agency is eneouraging. In ad-
dition to last week's revelation of the allocation
of $23,775 for planning apartments for married
students and a loan of $5,888 for planning the
proposed construction of a University Frequency
Modulation radio broadcasting station, we learn
today that the Agency has advanced $25,000 to
help finance plans for a $1,450,000 building to
house the School of Business Administration.
Following the war it is expected that an
Influx of returning veterans will swell univer-
sity enrollments to an unequalled level. It
cannot now be ascertained whether a, state
Institution will have sufficient funds forth-
coming to take care of the increase.
If there should be an inadequacy of living
quarters it will be essential to provide for addi-
tional housing through outside help if neces-
sary. The recent Federal subsidies raise the
hope that in any event returning veterans and
others who seek an education will be able to
find the necessary facilities.
It would be most unfortunate if the bene-
ficiaries of the GI Bill of Rights under Gov-
ernment subsidy were to be stymied by the
lack of subsidy at the other end - the educa-
tional institution itself.
IF THE WORLD were in need of a conclusive
reason for the prevention of future wars, that
reason was supplied by the disclosure of the per-
fection of the atomic bomb by the United States
and its use against the Japanese.
The atomic bomb, even in its preliminary
stages, represents a force of destruction that
pales the havoc wrought by all previous weap-
one of war. Hitler's V-bombs were bad enough,
but this new weapon throws the robots into
It takes little imagination to foresee the pos-
sibilities of large air fleets loaded with these
parcels of destruction, fleets which could wipe
out all living things in a large area at a single
blow. Nor is it unlikely that man, with his abil-
ities at technical improvement, can eventually
improve the atomic principle into explosives far
more powerful than those used against Hiro-
shima. This is probably only the beginning.
Harnessing the sun's energy may eventually
prove tremendously useful in constructive peace-
time technology. As a source of power, it may
easily accomiplish miracles hitherto only dreamed
of by man. But in the hands of an aggressor,
this new discovery can be turned into the most
terrible of all weapons, a weapon which might
easily enable one nation to destroy completely
Those who are now formulating, and will con-
tinue to formulate, the coming world order for
peace and security should recognize this new
element of warfare and its potential threat to
human life. They should take whatever meas-
BY DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-With President Truman's an-
nouncement regarding the new atomic
bomb, some of the background behind the na-
tion's most carefully kept secret can now be told.
If the Nazis had known the details of this
secret and developed it before V-E Day, the
results of this war might have been just the
opposite. As it was, there is reason to believe
that the Nazis knew we were working on such
an invention, because the eight Nazi saboteurs,
under cross-examination, admitted that they
were instructed to find out what they could
about this experiment.
Those who have studied the new bomb say
that its discovery is just as revolutionary as the
Chinese invention of 'gunpowder. It will not
only rvolutionize warfare, but might wipe out
civilization if nations continue to resort to war.
One new atomic bomb, if dropped on New York
City by a transatlantic rocket, would wipe out
the city completely.
Actually, the inventors of the bomb are not
entirely certain what its future strength may be.
While the details are still highly secret, it is
reported that the effect on atmospheric pressure
is such that the bomb's destructive force travels
in waves in the atmosphere surrounding it. It
is also reported that, if dropped in a bay or con-
fined body of water, the bomb could start a tidal
wave capable of inundating whole cities.
Part of the experimentation for the bomb
was performed at the University of Chicago;
part also by British scientists at Oxford. While
the bomb was in the process of being devel-
oped, trusted workmen had to sign an oath
that they would work in the secret desert bases
without visiting their families.
The danger of the bomb to future civilization
is almost beyond belief, once the secret becomes
known. For instance, it is estimated that a bomb
hidden in a safe deposit vault in a New York
bank could explode 24 hours later with such
terrific force that it would cestroy most of the
One complication is whether the bomb secret
should be given to our other allies. At Teheran
it is understood that preliminary arrangements
were made for Russian entrance into the war
against Japan and that in return the United
States was to give Russia knowledge of all our
Now, many military men, believing the war
with Japan can be terminated relatively soon,
doubt the feasibility of handing over this new
and revolutionary secret to the Russians.
Others believe, however, that an invention of
this kind is sure to leak out, just as every mil-
itary weapon sooner or later becomes known.
Liberals Organize .
EVER SINCE FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT died,
some of his most ardent Senate followers have
talked about organizing to carry on his left-of-
center program. Finally, encouraged by the Brit-
ish elections, and worried over what would hap-
pen to our domestic economy if the war ended
overnight, 17 Democratic senators gathered at
a private luncheon last week.
Practically ever senator present was a per-
sonal friend and booster of President Truman.
Yet behind their luncheon was a veiled threat
that if Truman become too much influenced
by the reactionary wing of the Democratic
party, he would have trouble - real trouble
from the Liberals.
The luncheon was called by Senators Pepper
of Florida and Kilgore of West Virginia. They
brought with them a mimeographed five-page
document labelled "Full Employment - Objec-
tive of Domestic Policy." In this carefully writ-
ten document, they proceeded to point out that:
"American economy has never provided
stable full employment under modern condi-
tions of high labor productivity and mass pro-
duction. A review of economic conditions be-
tween World War I and World War II makes
this clear . . . In 1939, though we reached the
production level of 1929, there were 7,000,000
"There are some of short memory," the sur-
vey continued, "who today urge on the federal
government a 'do nothing' policy toward en-
-suring full employment . . . We believe that
extensive federal action is essential at this time."
The "federal action" proposed by Senators Kil-
gore and Pepper was outlined to the other 15
senators immediately after the luncheon in the
form of a 12-point program.
"I am tired," said the West Virginia Senator,
"of seeing the opposition use us ds a chopping
block. The time has come for some action - and
way; if we do spend, our huge public debt will
continue to pile up."
"There is no problem there," interposed
Rhode Island's agile Senator Green, himself
a millionaire. "There is only one course. If we
do not have a high level of employment and
general well-being among the people of the
country, then we are headed for bankruptcy
"This country," continued Green bluntly,
"has not caught up with the Democratic move-
ment in Europe. The recent British elections
are a good example. Those in control over
here are not in touch with the changes taking
place in the world. They are in contrbl of the
press, in control of vast aggregations of wealth,
in control of the utilities. But we in the Senate
must not be deflected. We must go ahead with
a new legislative program."
ilbo's Words of Wisdom .. .
"THE MAN" Bilbo also threw in his two-cents'
worth on reconversion.
"I am not a politician," he opined, "but from
a practical standpoint, we Democrats had better
do something damn quick or the Japanese war
will end and we'll have five or ten million people
looking for jobs. There will be riotous condi-
tions throughout the country and when we come
back here for the next Congress, there wou't be
enough Democrats around for our own funerals.
We've got to do something damn quick to pro-
vide 60,000,000 jobs"
Bilbo, however, couldn't accept all the 12-
point program. Raising the minimum wage
level was too much for him. This caused Sen-
ator Pepper of Florida to remark jokingly that
it wasn't proposed to raise farm wages (Mis-
sissippi being largely an agricultural state).
"Don't think I'm dumb," shot back the gen-
tleman from Mississippi. "You raise industrial
wages and you won't get anyone to stay on the
farm. I can't grow cotton today because the
hands want too much money."
The other items of the 12-point program which
apparently met with Senator Bilbo's OK follow:
(1) Gearing of reconversion to full employ-
(2) Continuing stable and profitable agricul-
tural at high levels;
(3) Creation of expanded opportunities for
(4) Expanding foreign trade;
(5) National housing program;
(6) Stabilization of community construction;
(7) A broad national health program and so-
cial security system;
(8) Increased education and training for all;
(9) Greater development of natural resources;
(10) Gearing a fiscal policy to full employ-
(11) Adequate security, training and job op-
portunities for veterans.
NOTE - The 15 senators present in addition
to Kilgore and Pepper were: Thomas of Utah,
Thomas of Oklahoma, Mead of New York,
Stewart of Tennessee, Green of Rhode Island,
Lucas of Illinois, Murdock of Utah, Johnston
of South Carolina, Johnson of Colorado, Tay-
lor of Idaho, Magnuson and Mitchell of Wash-
ington, McMahon of Connecticut, Radcliffe of
Maryland and Bilbo of Mississippi.-
(Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
BY WILLIAM S. GOLDSTEIN
WE HAVE ALWAYS FELT that Ann Arbor in
the summer is just about as hot and humid
as any spot in the United States. For pure
scorching heat we'll match Ann Arbor with any-
thing that the Devil himself can whip up and
still feel confident enough to give him six-to-five
odds against us.
As a matter of fact, we were so satisfied with
our judgment of Ann Arbor as being hotter
than a Bogart-Bacall movie that we were
more than a little disturbed to find out that
a great segment of the South came pp to
the Michigan campus for the summer to get
away from it all.
* * *
At least that's the explanation we received
from one of the sons of the deep South. He had
a great story to tell. It appears that his father
is a Southern planter and at one time the old
boy had five thousand men under him: he was
a caretaker in a Georgia cemetery. He later
made cardboard containers and was quite suc-
cessful until the bottom dropped out in '29.
* * *
A young gentleman from Dixie told us that he
was one of a family of 16. He said that all the
other children were Democrats but that he had
taken to reading and was a Republican.
* * *
With that explanation in mind, it isn't too
hard to see why things were too hot for him
down in Georgia. We hope that his case is
some sort of an exception, for our faith in
our own judgment was shaken when he said
that the South was too hot for him. The Ann
Arbor chamber of commerce notwithstanding,
we still claim that the town is as hot as they
Questions Drama Review
To the Editor:
IN YOUR August 2nd issue, Mr.
Frank A. Haight wrote what look-
ed like a brashtundergraduate review
of "Quality Street." In all fairness
to this production, I would like to
submit a few ideas on the other side.
"Quality Street" could not be
written about America, as we do
not understand the genteel poverty
which Sir James handles so deli-
cately, for we worship the Almighty
Dollar, and hence regard poverty as
a disgrace. Barrie has deep in-
sight into human foibles, he is
kind to humanity, and has a mar-
velous understanding of the subtle-I
ties of a woman's mind. Mr. Haight,.
like a Philistine of the first water,
damns "Quality Street" with faint
praise because it isn't one of those
bang-up American farces of clinch,
clutch, and divorce.
I would like to challenge Mr. Haight
on one of his comparisons. The re-
semblance to Maeterlinck is obvious,
since both playwirghts used a philoso-
phy of life in the vehicle; but how
can a logical mind compare the bril-
liant satire of W. S. Gilbert with the
whimsical comedy of Barrie? Is there
any reasonable basis of comparison
between a penguin and an orchid?
Claribel Baird surely deserves the
commendation that one would give
the musician who is able to render
the subtle exquisiteness required by
the pure intimacies of chamber mu-
sic. Doubtless Mr. Haight's prefer-
ence is for a Brass Band.
I do not wish to imply that all
plays should be classical, but I do
feel that no program is well-bal-
anced unless, together with farce
and musical comedy, it includes a
play which does something more
than merely poke malicious fun
at the weaknesses of humanity.
-Henry C. Klingbeil
Whitewashing Bilbo? I
To the Editor:
THE LETTER you published in last
Saturday's Daily concerning the
'virtues' of the ignominious Senator
Bilbo was a masterpiece in liberal
thinking-liberal as distinguished, of
course, from Progressive. With a
very excellent movement rapidly
gaining in strength, particularly in
New York, under the leadership of
Senator Wagner to have this repul-
sibe ghoul impeached from the Unit-
ed States Seate and removed as far
as possible fromtpublic responsibility.
What time could be more appropriate
for a frantic search for the charac-
ter's virtues, real or imaginery?
After all it is much more import-
ant to see both sides of the picture
even if both sides do not exist,
than it is to take some progressive
action. I don't know in what
fumey joy den or ivory tower'-
to use the more familiar expression
-the editors of the Nation reached
the conclusion that the most out-
standing characteristic of racial
hatred and Jim Crow is its subtlety.
It somehow has never occurred to
me that there is anything subtle
about segregation and lynchings.
Perhaps Senator Bilious is doing
the country a commendable favor
when he helps awaken these "dream
children." It seems to be, however,
that the little good he may accom-
plish in this direction is so far out-
weighed by the incalculable harm
this American style Fascist inflicts
upon the American people, not to
mention the vast encouragement his
words and actions give to Klansmen
and Crackers in general who far out-
number and out act people like the
editors of the Nation that anything
said in his favor is something said
to support the policies he advocates.
In the words of a great labor song I
would like to ask Miss Patricia Cam-
eron "Which Side Are You On?"
Presuming, in spite of her letter,
that she is on the side of progress,
I would like to suggest that if she
were to make up a petition calling
for the impeachment of Senator
Bilbo and pass it around among
her schoolmates, the vast majority
of whom would be overjoyed to'
sign it, she would be doing a real
service, a much more valuable ser-
vice than slapping this people's
enemy on the back.
-Cornelius J. Loeser
S EORGEBERNARD SHAW writes
in the Glasgow Weekly Forward
that the only thing wrong with the
Way the British election went was
the defeat of Sir William Beveridge
(cradle-to-grave social security) Plan,
But, adds Shaw: "His defeat will
teach Sir William that a Liberal who
goes out of his way to disavow Social-
ism is doomed."
-PM, August 5, 1945
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Summer Session office,t
Angell Hall, by 2:30 p. m. of the dayG
preceding publication (10:30 a. m. Sat-t
CENTRAL WAR TIME USED IN
THE DAILY OFFICIAL "
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 8, 1945
VOL. LV, No. 25S1
The American Red Cross has ur-
gent need for Social Workers, Rec-I
reation workers and Staff Aides toi
help in Hospitals in this country as1
well as for overseas positions. Age
23 to 50 and college men and women
preferred. Personnel secretaries from
Headquarters will be in Ann Ar-
bor on August 13 and 14 to inter-
view interested persons.
Appointments for interviews may
be made at Red Cross Headquarters,
French Club: The sixth meeting of
the club will take place Thursday,
Aug. 9 at 8 p.m. EWT (7 p.m. CWT)
at the Michigan League. Mrs. Eugenia
Le Mat, grad., will speak on "Souven-
irs de France." Group singing, social
hour. All students, servicemen, facul-
ty people interested are cordially in-
The Fourth Clinic of the season
at the University of Michigan Fresh
Air Camp will be held Friday, Aug.
13th, 8:00 p. m. (EWT) at the Main
Lodge. Dr. Marie Skodak, Director
of the Flint Guidance Center, will be
the consultant. The camp is on Pat-
terson Lake, near Pickney. Students
interested in mental hygiene and
the problems of adjustment are wel-
come to attend.
The Graduate Outing Club is spon-
soring a supper picnic, Saturday,
August 11 at the island. We will
meet at the back entrance to the
Rackham building at 5 p. m. EWT
and proceed from there. Those in-
terested are asked to make their res-
ervations at the Rackham Building
check desk before Friday noon. The
charges will be fifty cents per person
and food will be provided. In the
event of rain the party will be held
in the Outing Club Room.
State of Michigan Civil Service
announcement for Hospital Super-
intendent V, salary $460 to $575 per
month, has been received in our of-
fice. Further information may be
obtained at 201 Mason Hall, Bureau
Russian Tea will be served Thurs-
day at 4:00 to 5:30 p. m. (EWT) at
the International Center.
French Tea today at 4 p. in., EWT,
(3 p. m. CWT) in the Grill Room
of the Michigan League.
Lecture. "The Parochial Contro-
versy in Nineteenth Century Eng-
land." Fred G. Walcott, Instructor
in Education and Teacher of English
at the University High School. 2:05
p. m. CWT or 3:05 p. m. EWT. Uni-
versity High School Auditorium,
Lecture. "Is There a Hiatus be-
tween Staff Functions and Operations
in Education?" William Clark Trow,
Professor of Educational Psychology.
2:05 p, m. CWT or 3:05 p. m. EWT.
University High School Auditorium
The Rev. George W. Shepherd,
formerly an advisor to Generalis-
imo Chiang Kai-Shek in the New
Life Movement, will speak at Kellogg
Auditorium, Thursday at 7 p. in.
Preliminary Examinations for the
Doctorate in School of Education.
These examinations will be held dur-
ing the summer on August 27-28-29
from 8 till 11 o'clock (CWT). Any-
one desiring to take the examinations
should notify Dr. Woody's Office,
4,000 University High School, before
A.I.E.E. A meeting of the Michigan
Student Branch of the American In-
stitute of Electrical Engineers will be
held Wednesday, Aug. 8, at 7:30 p.m.
EWT (6:30 p.m., CWT) in the Michi-
gan Union. Mr. W. A. Frankenfield
of Detroit Edison will speak on the
subject, "Electric Circuit Protection."
All interested in electrical engineering
Students, Summer Term, College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts:
Courses dropped after Saturday, Aug.
11, by students other than freshmen
will be recorded with the grade of E.
Freshmen (students with less than 24
hours of credit) may drop courses
without penalty through the eighth
week, upon the recommendation of
their academic counselors.
Exceptions to these regulations may
be made only because of extraordi-
nary circumstances, such as serious
Students in Speech: An assembly
dealing with speech science will be
held at 4 p.m. (EWT) Wednesday in
the Rackham Amphiteater. Attend-
ance is required of all Speech concen-
trates, teaching majors and minors
in Speech, and all graduate students
working toward advanced degrees in
Seniors: College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts, Schools of Educa-
tion, Music, and Public Health: Tent-
ative lists of seniors for September
and October graduation have been
posted on the bulletin board in Room
4, University Hall. If your name does
not appear, or, if included there, it
is not correctly spelled, please notify
the counter clerk.
Linguistic Institute. Introduction to
Linguistic Science. "American Indian
Languages." Dr. C. F. Voegelin. 6
p. in. CWT (7 p. m. EWT), Thursday,
August 9, Rackham Amphitheatre.
L. S. & A. Civilian Freshman Five-
Week Reports will be given out in the
Academic Counselors' Office, 198 Ma-
son Hall, in the following order:
Wednesday, August 8th, A through
Thursday, August 9th, L through Z.
Student Recital: Dorothy Jeanne
Gentry, a student of organ under
Palmer Christian, will present a re-
cital in partial fulfillment of the re-
quirements of the degree of Master
of Music, at 7:30 p. m. CWT, Wed-
nesday, August 8, in Hill Auditorium.
The public is cordially invited.
Chamber Music Concert: The
fourth in a series of Chamber Music
Concerts will be presented Thursday
evening, August 9, at 7:30 p. m.
(CWT), in Pattengill Auditorium of
the Ann' Arbor High School. The
program will consist of compositions
by Mozart and Brahms played by
Gilbert Ross and Marian Struble
Freeman, violinists, Louise Rood and
Elizabeth Green, violinists, and Rob-
ert Swenson, cellist.
The last concert of the series will
be presented Thursday evening, Aug-
ust 6, at 7:30 p. m. (CWT) ,in Pat-
tengill Auditorium. The public is
Carillon Recital. Percival Price,
Universit Carillonneur. 6:15 p.d.
CWT or 7:15 p. m. EWT Thursday
Clements Library. Japan in Maps
from Golumbus to Perry (1492-1854).
Architecture Building. Student
Michigan Historical Collections,
160 Rackham Building. The Uni-
versity of Michigan in the war.
Museums Building, rotunda. Some
foods of the American Indian,
General Library, main corridor
cases. Early military science. Selec-
tion from the Stephen Spaulding, '27,
memorial collection, presented by Col.
T. M. Spaulding, '02.
La Sociedad Hispanica is presenting
tonight a lecture on Uruguay given
by Dr. Carlos Barberousse from Mon-
tevideo, capital of Uruguay. The
lecture will be given in Spanish at 8
o'clock (EWT) in room 302, Mich-
igan Union. Everybody is invited.
La Sociedad Hispanica is holding
an hour of talking in Spanish this
afternoon at 4 o'clock in the Inter-
national' Center. Everybody inter-
ested in Spanish is invited.
Linguistic Institute Special Lecture,
"Language and Immigration." Dr.
Einar Haugen, Professor of Scandi-
navian Languages, University of Wis-
consin. 6:30 p. m. CWT (7:30 p. m.
EWT), Rackham Amphitheatre.
Play. "Over 21" by Ruth Gordon.
Michigan Repertory Players, Depart-
ment of Speech. 7:30 p. m. CWT or
8:30 p. m. EWT Lydia Mendelssohn
The regular Wednesday evening
record concert of the All Nations
Club will feature an all Beethoven
program. Held at 8 p. m. (EWT in
the lounge of the International Cen-
ter, the program will consist of Bee-
thoven's Symphony No. 7 and the
Leonore Overture. Anyone interested
is cordially invited to attend.
La Sociedad Hispanica will have
coke-bar Tuesday and Wednesday
and tea Thursday at 4 o'clock in the
International Center. Everybody is
invited. Do not miss these opportu-
nities of practicing Spanish.
The regular Thursday afternoon
tea will be held at the International
Center from 4 to 5:30 EWT. Honor-
ed guests will be Mr. Robert Swen-
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
When Jap War Ends
"NE OF THE MOST INTERESTING inter-
changes took place between Maryland's Sen-
ator Radcliffe and Connecticut's Senator Brien
McMahon. Radcliffe expressed general approval
of the program but added that he knew of no
unemployment problem in the nation. Where-
upon, McMahon interrupted to say that there
was a growing unemployment problem in Con-
"We're in for a bad time if the war in the
Pacific should end during the summer, before
adequate legislation has been passed to pro-
vide for additional employment," McMahon
"It seems to me," he added, "the administra-
tion is on the horns of a dilemna. If we don't
spend to provide employment, we'll be in a bad
By Crockett Johnson
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flunkev has made a mistake ...Shift