TiE MICHIGAN DAILY
THURSDAY, AUGUST 2; 1940
.... W..U..A. U U S 2 1 4
British Labor Personalities
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board of Control
of Student Publications. The Summer Daily is pub-
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NIGHT EDITOR: ARTHUR KRAFT
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
THE NEW All-Nations Club, which is to hold
a meeting today, was formed to foster closer
relationships among students of all nationalities
on campus, both socially and culturally.
This will be attempted through a series of
entertainments to which the club hopes to invite
students of all nationalities with special at-
tention to foreign students.
Although the club was originated by the staff
of the International Center, and works in col-
laboration with it, it is an independent organiz-
ation and does not wish to compete, but to co-
operate, with other international organizations
The All-Nations Club and other organiz-
ations similar to it are doing on a small scale
what the world security organization attempts
on a world-wide plane. Peace and goodwill
can exist only with knowledge and mutual
understanding. Fear and hatred spring. from
Stay' at Home!
DESPITE THE short-sightedness of the WPB
and the War Manpower Commission, who
have severely restricted materials an manpower
fcr the railroad companies in the United States,
the railways have managed to meet seemingly
impossible demands in transporting troops from
the East to the West Coast.
Their biggest job lies ahead: that of moving
as many troops across America in the next 10
months as they have done in the last three years.
Needless to say the civilians ride only at the
pleasure of the army. But each individual has
a responsibility. No trips for pleasure or need-
less excursions should be attempted while this
greatest troop movement in our continental his-
tory is taking place.
With the end of the Summer Session in
sight, many of us may plan to take a detour-
ing jaunt on the way home, just to repay a
roommate's visit, or to take advantage of a
two month vacation by stopping at one or
two interesting locales. But . . . the request
the army and railroad companies are making
applies to you. Stay at home! Your small
trip added to thousands of other seemingly
insignificant trips will make a great deal of
difference in the success or failure of the job
facing the railroad companies.
Their facilities are inadequate without add-
ing to their burden unnecessary civilian travel.
TIDE JAPANESE have turned down the Anglo-
American surrender offer by informing us
that the offer was unworthy of reply and that
Japan is ready for a long war.
That Japan should reject the offer was in-
evitable.- They may want to give up, but they
.don't want to give up to unconditional sur-
render. And they are capable of holding out
But the rejection of the surrender offer does
nct mean the attempt was futile. It showed Ja-
pan that we would gladly quit the war, but that
We have no intention of mitigating our demands
in order to gain peace sooner. The tremendous
power we are thrusting against Japan now is
By DREW PEARSON
W ASHINGTON-Britain's Labor party which
swept Churchill out of office is a strange
mixture, resembles the liberal branch of the
Democratic party more than any socialist move-
ment. It has its liberal and its conservative
wings, has had no labor troubles similar to ours
during the past decade.
Clement Attlee, Britain's new prime minister,
is a poor man. He was little known among the
fashionable people of England until 1935 when
his salary was raised to 2,000 pounds a year.
After getting this pay boost, Mrs. Attlee was
able to venture into society for the first time,
was able to start playing golf, hire enough help
to keep her home going. Attlee like to putter
in his garden, do odd jobs around the house
constantly puffs a pipe, is a sharp contrast to
fiery, charming Ramsey MacDonald, England's
last Labor prime minister.
Attlee is no forthright leader, is considered
more of an impartial middle man, will have all
he can do to keep peace within his own widely
Attlee's Rivals . ..
ATTLEE'S GREATEST RIVALS for power in-
side the party are paunchy, jovial Herbert
Morrison and hard-headed, deep-voiced, testy
Ernest Bevin. Morrison lost his right eye when
he was three days old, has had a "leftist"
outlook ever since. Morrison has played runner-
up to Attlee in many elections, carries on con-
stant behind-the-scenes warfare with Bevin.
Bevin had the same war job which Sidney Hill-
man took over in the OPM after Pearl Harbor-
handling labor relations. However, Bevin made
a better go of it, fought grimly and successfully
for better rations for workers.
Morrison is a cockney, has a spry sense of
humor, likes to dance, is head of the Labor
party in politically potent London. He is also
a man of daring, had the ancient tradition-en-
crusted Waterloo Bridge torn down because he
found it unserviceable, afterward had traffic
rolling more smoothly through the center of
London. Morrison is a hard ruler, loves effi-
ciency, is known as a practical reformer, a power-
ful party man.
Ernie Bevin is a hard-headed union boss.
He hates dictatorships but is a dictator in his
own union, the giant transport workers. Bevin
runs his own union like John L. Lewis runs the
mine workers. Outside his union, however,
Bevin's labor practices are more like those
of Sidney Hillman and Phillip Murray. He
believes in negotiation rather than strikes.
Bevin took a bad trouncing from Winston
Churchill in 1926, has never forgiven the ex-
BY WILLIAM S. GOLDSTEIN
WHAT STARTED OUT to be a friendly rivalry
has of late developed into a raging dispute
which threatens to get completely out of hand.
What might have been passed off with a smile
three weeks ago is now the center of a bitter
dispute. With our honor at stake we .decided
that as alast resort '"e would present our side
of the argument to the campus, fully confident
that the student body, alwaysquick to pick
up to the fight of the underdog, would rise
to the occasion in a righteous wrath.
. . .
TO GET FEMININE support, the new Labor
government will lean heavily on a red-head-
ed fiery Labor M. P., Ellen Wilkinson. Miss Wil-
kinson is at home in a fight. knows the world,
has contempt for Britain's colonial policies, is a
scrapper from the word go.
She knows about riots and bloodshed first
hand, was in the thick of the black and tan
trouble in Ireland, even led hunger marches on
London during the depression. Miss Wilkinson
lives in the Bohemian Bloomsbury section of
London surrounded by poets, painters, actors
and writers; has persuaded many of them to
pitch into labor's fight.
(Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
By JOHN A. MEREWETHER
THE RECENT DISCUSSION on these pages
about the merits of the veterans' organiza-
tions was very useful. It raised up, like a ghost,
the entire problem of the organization which the
veterans should undertake. Like a spook spe-
cialist I will try to lay that ghost.
Analyzing the problem from the point of view
of the needs of the veteran, we need only look
at one U. S. Representative John T. Rankin. As
an important member of the House Veterans'
Committee, his treatment of Albert Deutsch of
PM and his anti-labor bill hardly recommend
him as a friend of the veteran. Rankin threat-
ened Deutsch with imprisonment for contempt
over articles the reporter wrote criticizing the
administration of the medical part of the Veter-
ans' Administration. Rankin apparently was
more interested in stopping criticism than in
helping the veterans through the investigaton.
Rankin's anti-labor bill was designed to
smash labor unions and cause practically a
civil war between 14,000,000 veterans and 10,
000,000 union members, under the clever guise
of "allowing" veterans to work in plants where
there is a union without either joining the
union or paying any dues.
This is Mr. Rankin's touching generosity for
the veterans: "allowing" them the unique priv-
ilige of being scabs, of suffering speed-ups in an
open-shop, and of getting low, non-union wages.
In the light of these facts Mr. Rankin is not a
friend of the veteran, but rather a foe.
Looking outside the House Veteran's Commit-
tee we find that Rankin is a member of the no-
toriously undemocratic House Committee on un-
American Activities, popularly called the Dies
Committee. This committee spent more time
hounding labor leaders than in persecuting Nazis
and their friends and agents here in America,
the latter activity which would have aided the
old veterans as well as those of this war. Here
then is the catch, in regard to such nationalistic
veterans groups as the American Legion. They
support reactionary Rankin on the Dies Com-
mittee but not on the Veterans' Committee. The
question naturally arises as to whether Mr. Ran-
kin works for the veterans' interests in the Dies
Committee or anywhere else. If he doesn't, and
it doesn't look like it, then the Legion has no
business supporting him and the Dies Commit-
tee, at least if it is a veterans group.
This leads me to what I wish to say about
veterans' organizations. They diust be pro-
gressive to really do any good. They must op-
pose Rankin, the Dies Committee, anti-labor
laws, and also poor administration of govern-
ment agencies dealing with veterans. Further-
more since veterans need and want jobs, their
organization must support the Roosevelt-Wal-
lace platform of 60,000,000 jobs, which includes
a well-operated Fair Employment Practices
Act for all minorities, especially the Negroes.
Logically the next step is to question whether
we should seek to change the policies of the
American Legion by having liberal veterans of
World War II join up, or should seek rather to
organize a new, liberal group among the men
back from this war, a group like the already
established American Veterans' Committee.
Friends in the American Legion say it can be
reformed. I hope they are right. Nevertheless
a liberal campus group of veterans is a good idea
and would serve the students in a way the non-
campus groups would not. For example, any
weaknesses in the Veterans' Bureau or the Vet-
erans' Administration could be overcome by a
campus group more political in character than
the Veterans' Organization.
Not only recreational activities, but social
and political ones are needed. If anyone should
be interested in world politics and world peace
it should be the veteran. He must organize
himself not only for fun but for keeps.
prime minister. It was Bevin who called the
1926 general strike in England, a strike which
Churchill dealt a shattering blow.
Bevin is a forthright anti-Fascist, was
against Hitler, Mussolini and the Cliveden set
from their inception, was responsible for the
tough-minded positi jn his party took interna-
tionally from 1933 to the outbreak of war. As
leader of the transport workers, Bevin con-
trols considerable of the Labor party, is rough
on his enemies, gruff with his friends, loses his
Quality Street-James M. Barrie.
LIKE the Kamikaze, the Michigan
Repertory Players seem to thrive
on adversity. Finding themselves
dealt "Quality Street," they played
it like something good.
Sir James Barrie, hardly inferior
to Maeterlinck and almost half as
good as W. S. Gilbert, is often de-
fended on the basis of this play.
It is, of course a mistake to do so:
very few of the dramatic possibili-
ties of the situation (if it can be
called that) are exploited; the
characterization is ambiguous and
the last act is almost wholly unne-
cessary. This may be called charm
-but it is obviously incompetence.
Last night's performance showed
the extent to which it is possible to
patch "Quality Street" up into an
acceptable play-to a rather large
extent. Frankly accepting Phoebe
and Valentine as jerks, Miss Godwin
and Mr. Hale read the frequently
sickly lines with just the proper leer.
The other players were equally good,
and worked together to make "Qual-
ity Street" the most nicely acted play
of the season so far, and almost clever
Consider, however, the confused
technicians. Trying to affect the
early nineteenth century, they achiev-
ed the early twentieth. To choose
mistakes at random: the piano pro-
duced Percy Grainger, the map show-
ed Europe after the Balkan wars of
1912, and the garden was decorated
with Japanese Lanterns.
It is interesting to notice the
only respect in which the players
were more squeamish than the
playwright: Sir James chopped off
Mr. Brown's hand in the war, but
Michigan has restored it.
-Frank A. Haight
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
THEIMPOSSIBLE is impossible
again. During the war in Europe,
the impossible was easy. and we dids
it all the time; if, during that war,
we had found it necessary to ship
25,000,000 tons of coal to the Conti-
nent to win, we would have dug it
and done it. somehow. But we will
not do it to win the peace; with the
end of the shooting, we have subtly
lowered our sights. Northwestern
Europe needs 25,000,000 tons of Amer-
ican coal to survive the coming win-
ter, and America turns out its hands,
palms upward, and says it cannot be
We will not concede that some-
times you have to do the impossible
to win a peace. War, to us, is a
matter of shooting only; we will
not recognize it as a social convul-
sion, of which shooting is only a
symptom. Our conception of war
and peace has all the profundity of
a Wild West thriller; the war ends
when the villain lies quivering in
A SURE SIGN of the slackening of
our intensity can be seen in the
fact that, with such awful questions
as the above hanging fire, Congress
has decided to go home for two
It might be supposed that Congres-
sional conservatives particularly, with
their deep concern about the "left-
ward drift" in the world today, would
want to stay in session, and do some-
thing about the fact that northwest-
ern Europe is going to have a cold
and idle winter.
Congress could properly ask
whether America, which is capable
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
Congress Adjourns; Ignores
Starving, Freezing Europe
of producing more than 700,000,000
tons of coal a year, and which is go-
ing to produce 570,0-00,000 tons,
could not squeeze out 25,000,000
tons for Europe. It could consider
the War Department's refusal to
release 30,000 coal miners from the
ranks, as requested by Secretary
Ickes. But the long, thin line of
Congressmen is streaming toward
Union Station. They will be back
in October, when it begins to get
OF COURSE (as the Mead Commit-
tee has hinted) the war with
Japan might end during the interim
period, too, leaving us with the most
startled of expressions on our faces;
though really, when a nation is in a
war, it ought to consider the end of
same as a reasonable possibility, and
it ought to do something to prepare
for it. But President Truman's re-
quest for unemployment insurance of
$25 a week, to tide war workers over
when the end comes, has never been
met; it remains on Congressional
desks as unfinished business.
The adjournment is, in fact, an
implicit "no" vote on the Presi-
dent's request, and through all
this, as through Congress' indiffer-
ence to Europe's plight, one feels
a deep and bitter Congressional dis-
dain for the problems of transition.
To admit that there are such prob-
lems is to accept a certain respon-
sibility for human happiness, and
warmth in winter, and jobs, and
Congress has voted a great no
against this whole area of trouble
by simply going home.
(Copyright, 1945, N. Y. Post Syndicate)
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
We regret that we must enlist the aid ofI
students, but this thing has grown too big
one man to handle, and the implications are
* * *
Publication In the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Summer Session office,
Angell Hall, by 2:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (10:30 a. m. Sat-
CENTRAL WAR TIME USED IN
THE DAILY OFFICIAL
THURSDAY, AUGUST 2, 1945
VOL. LV, No. 22S
The American Red Cross has ur-
gent need for Social Workers, Rec-
reation workers and Staff Aides to
help in Hospitals in this country as
well as for overseas positions. Age
23 to 50 and college men and women
preferred. Personnel secretaries from
Headquarters will be in Ann Ar-
bor on August 13 and 14 to inter-
view interested persons.
Appointments for interviews may
be made at Red Cross Headquarters,
All Nations Club will meet Thurs-
day, August 2, at 7:00 p. m. EWT, at
the International Center. Refresh-
ments will be served after the busi-
ness meeting. Everyone is cordially
Pi Lambda Theta and women in
education group will meet at 7:30
(EWT) on Thursday, August 2 in
the West Conference Room of the
Rackham Building. Dr. Marie Sko-
dak will speak on the topic Notes
to the Teacher from the Guidance
Clinic. A social hour will follow the
Meet your friends for tea at the
Russian Table, Thursday, 3:00
(CWT), at the International Center,
and brush up on your Russian con-
Frene Club: The fifth meeting of
the Club will take place today at 8
p.m. (EWT), 7 p.m. (CWT) at the
Michigan League. Mr. Richard Pic-
ard, of the Romance Language De-
partment will give a talk entitled:
"Hommage a Paul Valery." Games,
group singing, social hour. Come all
for having a good time and practice
La Sociedad Hispanica is giving a
Tea this afternoon at 4 p.m. EWT in
the International Center. All those
interested in Spanish are cordially
French Tea today at 4 p.m. (EWT)
3 p.m. (CWT) at the International
Friday, August 3, University
It all began when we found that we had a
malignant competitor for the readers' atten-
tion: the "Daily Official Bulletin." The
"D. O. B.," as it is affectionately called in in-
timate circles, appears on the same page we
do and usually occupies two or three columns
that are as long as your arm or maybe even
longer. We don't begrudge them the space
(after all it was here first), and we must
admit that up until recently the "D. O. B." has
been a powerful albeit impersonal competitor.
A little good, clean competition never hurt
anyone, but when the "D. 0. B." begins to
institute foul play, that's where we draw
E TRIED to ignore their attempt to curry
favor with the' ditor. Typical of the petty
methods they employed was the apple-a-day
stunt. In all fairness let us say that we too.
managed to polish up a couple apples and put
them on the editor's desk, but when the "D.O.B."
brought over fifteen and then proceeded to
squeeze them down into an even "fifth," that's
carrying things too far.
The devious and underhanded methods em-
ployed spon reached the point where the
"D. O. B." began to pad its copy by printing
central and eastern war times in its notices.
The best that we could do was to drop in a
couple extra "ands," "buts," commas, etc.
When the "D. O. B." began to compete for
the campus women with tempting offers of
tennis, golf, swimming, and dancing, we de-
cided that there was something sinister and
sordid about the whole thing that ought to be
brought to he attention of the campus.
Lecture: "Adjusting Personnel Ser-
vices to Changing Experiences of
Youth," James M. McCallister, Regis-
trar and Personnel Director of Herzl
Junior College. 2:05 p. m. CWT or
3:05 p. m. EWT, Thursday, August
2. University High School Auditor-
Lecture: The Mayo lecture this
year will be delivered by Dr. O. T.
Clagett, one of the surgeons of the
Mayo clinic. He will speak on surg-
ery of the pancreas in the main
amphitheatre, second floor, Univers-
ity Hospital today at 1:30 p.m.
Attention Engineering Faculty:
Five-week reports below C of all
Navy and Marine students who are
not in the Prescribed Curriculum;
also for those in Terms 5, 6, and 7
of the Prescribed Curriculum are to
be turned in to Dean Emmons' Of-
fice, Room 259, W. Eng. Bldg., not
later than August 4. Report cards
may be obtained from your depart-
Attention Engineering Faculty:
Five-week reports on standings of
all civilian Engineering freshmen and
all Navy and Marine students in
Terms 1, 2, 3, and 4 of the Prescrib-
ed Curriculum are due August 4. Re-
port blanks will be furnished by cam-
pus mail and are to be returned to
Dean Crawford's Office, Room 255,
W. Eng. Bldg.
Students who intend to take the
Language Examination for Masters'
degrees in History should sign up in
advance in the History Office, 119
Haven Hall. The examination is to
be given on Thursday, August 2nd, at
4 p.m. EWT, in Room B, Haven Hall.
Attention Engineering Faculty:
The first in a series of semi-technical
lectures on Electron Tubes (sponsor-
ed by the Electrical Engineering De-
partment) will be given on Thursday
August 2 at 3:15 CWT (4:15 EWT)
in Room 246 West Engineering Build-
Graduate Students expecting mast-
er's degrees at the end of the Sum-
mer Session must have their diploma
applications turned in to the Grad-
uate School'office by August 3. Ap-
plications received after that date
will not be considered until the end
of the Summer Term.
The five-weeks' grades for Navy and
Marine trainees (other than Engi-
neers and Supply Corps will be due
Saturday, August 4. Department of-
fices will be provided with special
cards and the Office of the Academic
Counselors, 108 Mason Hall, will re-
ceive these reports and transmit them
to the proper officers.
Conferences for Music Teachers.
Two conferences for teachers of
school vocal music, and teachers of
string instruments, will be held in
Ann Arhr Thursdav Fridav and
freshman five-week progress reports
will be due Saturday, August 4, in
the Office of the Academic Counsel-
ors, 108 Mason Hall.
Colleges of Literature, Science, and
the Arts, and Architecture; Schools
of Education, Forestry, and Music:
Each student who has changed his
address since June registration
should file a change of address in
Room 4, U.H., so that the report of
this summer work will not be mis-
The Fourth Clinic of the season
at the University of Michigan Fresh
Air Camp will be held Friday, July
13th, 8:00 p. m. (EWT) at the Main
Lodge. Dr. Marie Skodak, Director
f of the Flint Guidance Center, will be
the consultant. The camp is on Pat-
terson Lake, near Pickney. Students
interested in mental hygiene and
the problems of adjustment are wel-
come to attend.
Linguistic Institute Luncheon Con-
ference. Thursday, August 2. Lunch-
eon at 11 a. m. CWT (12 noon EWT),
League Ballroom. Conference at 12
noon CWT (1 p. m. EWT), ABC
Room, Michigan League. "Classical
Latin Noun Inflection." Dr. Robert
A. Hall, jr., lecturer in Romance
Linguistic Institute. Introduction
to Linguistic Science. "Spotting and
Delimiting Speech Areas." Prof. Hans
Kurath. The lecture will be illustrated
with slides. 6 p. m. CWT (7 p. m.
EWT), Thursday, August 2, Rackham
Chamber Music Program: On
Thursday, August 2, at 7:30 p. m.
CWT, Gilbert Ross, violinist, Louise
Rood, vocalist, Robert Swenson, cel-
list, and Joseph Brinkman, pianist,
will be heard in the third program
of the current series of chamber
music programs being given in Pat-
tengill Auditorium. The program will
be open to the public and will con-
sist f Mozart's Divertimento in E-
flat major, K. 563, for violin, viola,
and cello, and Brahms' Sonata in F
major, Op. 99, for cello and piano.
Clements Library. Japan in Maps
from Columbus to Perry (1492-1854).
-Architecture Building. Student
Michigan Historical Collections,
160 Rackham Building. The Uni-
versity of Michigan in the war.
Museums Building, rotunda. Some
foods of the American Indian.
General Library, main corridor
cases. Early military science. Selec-
tion from the Stephen Spaulding, '27,
memorial collection, presented by Col.
T. M. Spaulding, '02.
Play. "Quality Street" by Sir James
2:05 p. m.
"Trends in Religious Ed-
Edward W. Blakeman,
in Religiouis Education.
CWT or 3:05 p. m. EWT,
Why is the living room furniture Well, maybe, but-Say!
.. J'1 A....L_; - -4_11 [ wg- :. ..e . an ir 2
(Now she's out there encouraging
&n h-..c . JL: Lal: iht F .;.n i
By Crockett Johnson
But my Fairy Godfather isn't)
II tomnr i folr nnrty Aunt