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July 29, 1945 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1945-07-29

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0

PAGE TWO

THE MICHGAN' AILY

SUNDAY, JULY 29, 1945

Clement Atlee
Rej ois Truman,
Stalin at Potsdam
Big Three Resume Work To Finish
Document Deciding Fate of Europe

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By The Associated Press
POTSDAM, July 28-Britain's nev
Prime Minister, Clement Attlee, re-
turned to Potsdam tonight to hell
President Truman and Premier Sta-
lin draft the final chapters of the
historic document upon which the
future fate of Europe hinges.
With the colorful Winston Church-
ill misisng for the first time, the con-
ference picked up where it left off
Govt. Bureau
Sees No Food
Relief in Year
Survey Report Says
Shortages to Continue
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 28-The Bu-
reau of Agricultural Economics ad-
vised civilians today to expect no sig-
nificant relief from food shortages
within the next 12 months.
In a report on the national food
situation, the bureau-which is the
Agricultural Department's statistical
agency-said such foods as meats,
fats and vetetable oils, sugar, cheese,
condensed and evaporated milk,
poultry, eggs, canned fruits and can-
ned vegetables will continue short in
relation to demands.
Some Shortages May Increase
In addition, rice, dry beans, apples.
and processed foods using large
amounts of sugar and fats and oils
may become short, it said.
On the other hand, civilian sup-
plies of fluid milk, skim milk products,
canned fruit juices, many fresh veg-
etables and fruits, including citrus
fruits, fresh fish, and most grain pro-
ducts are expected by the bureau to
be fairly plentiful.
Listed as the basic food problem of
the United States in 1945 was how
to distribute an over-all food output
one-third greater than in 1935-39 to
meet an over-all civilian, military,
and export demand approximately
one-half greater than the pre-war
demand.
Distribution Percentages Announced
Present plans indicate that the
1945 food supply will be distributed
about as follows: U. S. civilians 77
per cent, Armed Forces-including
relief feeding by the military-17 per
cent, government purchases for lend-
lease and civilian relief abroad 4 to
5 per cent, and other commercial ex-
ports 1 to 2 per cent.
The bureau said over-all supplies
of meats for civilians may be a little
larger this winter than in recent
months, but that most of the seasonal
increase in meat production will be
taken to meet the needs of the Armed
Forces.
Threats Force
Japs To Fight
{I n Philipines
MANILA, July 28-()-A former
Japanese war correspondent said to-
day that iron discipline, backed by
harsh decisions of courtmartial, keeps
restless, starving Japanese soldiers on
the firing line in northern Luzon,
where cases of cannibalism have been
reported.
Information that the Japanese mil-
itary police enforce rigid discipline
among the isolated enemy troops
came from Ken Murayama, an Amer-
ican born Japanese who recently sur-
rendered.
Murayama, who predicted yester-
day that Japan would surrender with-
in a few weeks, reported cases of mur-
der, fights and thievery as starving
Japanese fought for food.
James Hutcheson, Associated Press
war corespondent with the U. S. 38th

Division in northern Luzon, reported
increasing evidence of cannibalism
among isolated Japanese soldiers, al-
though possibly on a small scale. His
information came from an American
patrol just returned from the heart
of the rugged Sierra Madre Mount-
ains.
Yank officers of the patrol, Hut-
cheson said, reported one or two JaP-
anese surrendered in fear of canni-
balism that had befallen others.
State Troops
Train in Camp
GRAND RAPIDS, Mich, July 28-
1 A nnriMAtl l 5 N0Michiaan

Nednesday when he flew to London
o learn of the nation's crushing re-
jection of his government.
The new Big Three began immed-
iate work on the last phases of the
)arley amid the general impression
hat it might be concluded early next
-veek.
Attlee's presence in Potsdam
throughout the early part of the
meeting enabled him to replace
iurchill without a break in the con-
uinuity of the discussions. These have
overed everything from President
Truman's primary objective -vic-
ory over Japan - to the future gov-
2rnment of Germany.
ince Thursday's ultimatum by the
U. S., Britain and China that Japan
urrender immediately or be wiped
,sut there has been no further com-
ment on how long the Japanese will
be given to comply with the stringent
Allied terms for surrender.
Judge Samuel Rosenman, special
counsel to Truman, was disclosed to
have been summoned by the Presi-
dent, presumably to help him draft a
report of the conference to be broad-
cast to the American people immed-
iately upon his return to Washing-
ton.
Chinese Retake
Kweilin Bases
UT. S. Airfields Siezed
As Armies Smash On
By The Associated Press
CHUNGKING, July 28-Chinese
troops recaptured the prize air-base
city of Kweilin yesterday and seizei
its three former American airfields
from the Japanese, the Chinese High
Command said tonight. The victory
ended a savage six-week battle.
Kweilin, walled capital of Kwang-
si Province, once was the biggest
U. S. airbase in SouthCentral China.
It had been occupied by the Japanese
since last November. Its recapture
was the most significant victory in
the recent comeback of the Chinese
armies.
Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek's
veterans smashed into the rubbled
streets of Kweilin, 360 miles south-
east of Chungking, at 4 p. m., yes-
terday.
The last Japanese defenders of the
city, headquarters said, withdrew to
the northwest to escape annihilation.
Kweilin, abandoned by the U. S.
14th air force eight months ago,
was the third former American air-
base recovered in three days by the
Chinese, whose current drive rapidly
is strengthening American air pow-
er on the Asiatic mainland. It also
was the ninth airbase recaptured in
recent months.
Meanwhile, the Chinese also were
threatening the vital transcontinen-
tal Japanese corridor that links Korea
with Canton and Hong Kong.
The High Command reported that
spearheads were pressing toward the
strategic communications center of
Hukong, 120 miles north of Canton,
on the Canton-Hankow railroad.
Tax Cases Are
Before Jury
WASHINGTON, July 28-()-The
Treasury said today "scores of ma-
jor cases" against alleged tax chisel-
ers are being prepared for early pres-
entation to federal grand juries.
It made that statement in a report
on the Treasury's enforcement activi-
ties during the fiscal year which end-
ed June 30.
Meantime a Treasury spokesman
said the often-mentioned tax case
against the owner of a New York
restaurant chain continues to be de-
layed by the discovery of additional
evidence.

The Treasury has given out details
of this investigation from time to
time, but never has named the res-
taurant owner.
The fiscal-year summary just re-
leased said that during the year the
Bureau recommended for assessment
the record amount of $885,000,000 in
additional taxes and penalties-of
which $700,000,000 represented delin-
quencies in income and excess-pro-
fits taxes.
CLASSIFIED
DIRECTORYI

NEW HEADACHES FOR MIKADO-Formation of th e B-32 Dominator sunerbombers, the Air Forces newest
sky giant, in flight. One of the Major characteristics of the B-32, now rolling off the Consolidated Vultee
Aircraft Corporation's assembly lines at Ft. Worth, T ex., is its 32-foot tail surface which gives the plane
greater stability and maneuverability than any other bomber of comparable size.
Battle Looms on Merits of Report General Thinks

By, Dethmers on Jackson Prison

By The Associated Press
LANSING, July 28-A battle over
the merits of the John R. Dethmers
report on the State Prison of South-
ern Michigan loomed as inevitable
today even as a second prison in-
vestigation in Michigan impended.
Suspended officials of the South-
ern Michigan institution, which At-
torney General Dethmers declared
was ridden with malpractices, flayed
recommendations in the report which
brought about their temporary oust-
er and made plain that they would
fight its charges.
To Conduct Hearings
Hearings for the accused group
will be conducted by the State Cor-
rections Commission on dates yet
to be determined. The Dethmers
report was made public in four sec-
tions this week and seven prison offi-
cials had been suspended before the
last chapter was released.
In the meantime a group of sus-
Weekend Bike
Trip Planned
Hostel Grou Reveals
Summer Program
A weekend bicycle trip to South
Lyon for folk dancing, hiking, canoe-
ing or horseback riding, has been
planned for Saturday and Sunday by
the Ann Arbor Council of the Amer-
ican Youth Hostels.
Reservations should be made at the
local hostel office in Lane Hall
('phone-4121, ext. 2148) by Wed-
nesday.
Announce Plan for Summer
Recently organized at the Univer-
sity, the Ann Arbor Council has an-
nounced plans for a full summer pro-
gram of weekend trips. An all-day
round-trp bicycle ride of 30 miles,
with swimming at a destination yet
to be announced, is planned for Aug-
ust 12. The following Sunday, host-
elers will hike to a farm four-and-
a-half miles from Ann Arbor.
An all-day canoe trip on the Huron
River, with swimning in the after-
noon, is planned for August 26.
Three Day Campout
The biggest event of all, a campout
at Cedar Lake in the Waterloo Rec-
reation Area, in cooperation with the
Wolverine Hiking Club of Detroit,
will be held over the Labor Day week-
end, September 1 to 3. Reservations
for the campout must be made at
the Lane Hall office by August 22.
Hiking, swimming and square-danc-
ing on Saturday evening are schedul-
ed for hostelers, who must each bring
a sleeping bag or blankets.
Students wishing to participate in
or join the Ann Arbor Council aire
requested to contact the Lane Hall
office to receive an A. Y. H. pass,
required of all hostelers.
Under the leadership of Prof. How-
ard Y. McClusky of the School of
Education, the Ann Arbor Council
was organized in May as part of the
national organization, A. Y. H., an
educational, non-profit organization.
Throughout the nation, A. Y. H., an
educational, non-profit organization.
maintains hostel inns under the sup-
ervision of resident houseparents.
Hostels in this area have already been
established at Chelsea, Saline, South
Lyon and Mason.
Students wishing assistance in
planning a trip, who want informa-
tion about the A. Y. H., or would like
to volunteer their services in plan-
ning and leading trips, help make
maps, signs and mark trails, assist in
the Lane Hall office, edit or illustrate
the monthly news-letter, or serve as
photographer, are requested to ap-
ply at the Council's office Wednes-
day.

pended officials hailed Lt. Gov. Ver-
non J. Brown's announcement that
he would name a state senatorial in-
vestigating committee next week to
study Michigan's whole penology
system. The inquiry was authorized
by the State Senate last spring.
Pettit Anticipates "Vast Good"
D. C. Pettit, suspended assistant
deputy warden, said at Jackson that
"vast good" could come from the new
investigation if conducted by "un-
biased individuals." Brown said he
would name three senators, includ-
ing two lawyers, to the committee,
which will have powers of subpoena.
At the same time Harry H. Jack-
son, suspended as warden of South-
ern Michigan Prison, said in his first
formal comment on Dethmers' report
that the charges against him "will
not be borne out by the facts."
Jackson "Astounded" at Charges
Jackson said he was "astounded"
at the charges but that he preferred
to make his "supported denial" to
the Corrections Commission. He said
he had not received copies of the
charges, either from Dethmers or the
commission, and that his only know-
ledge of them was from reading the
newspapers.
"Those charges against me, which
I have seen only in thenewspapers,
will not be borne out by the facts
which I will be able to present when
I have a chance to be heard," Jack-
son said in a brief statement.
Bhush Praises
Russian Science
Russian Science
Despite the handicap of war, Rus-
sia has kept right on the ball in basic
scientific research-the kind that
doesn't pay off immediately but is
the most important in the long run.
That's the report made by Ameri-
can scientists returning from the So-
viet Union.
In our own country, according to
Dr. Vannevar Bush, director of the
Office of Scientific Research and De-
velopment, there's a real need for de-
veloping basic 'research.

Jap Defenses V
Will e Weaker
By The Associated Pressr
WASHINGTON, July 28-An Army
Engineer General, veteran of scoresa
of landings in the Pacific, said todayX
he believes beaches of the Japanesee
home island and the China coast willc
be less difficult for invasion thanv
those encountered up to now.I
Brig. Gen. William F. Heavey, com-
mander of the second engineer spe-
cial brigade, just returned from two
and a half years and eighty-two land-
ing operations in the Pacific war,
made these points:
The Japanese and China coast
beaches do not have the hazardous
coral formations that fringe the
beaches of most of the southwest
Pacific islands.I
Landing forces going ashore onr
Japan will have behind them long
experience and better equipment. C
The weather forecasting in thec
Pacific is so good that invasions cant
be timed to fit in between typhoons,(
making possible landings during thate
stormy season.C
Heavey said General Douglas Mac-
Arthur fooled the Japanese by land-t
ing on Leyte at a time when the ene-
my thought he wouldn't-in the ty-
phoon season.
Spe ech Classes/
To Hear Expert
Hoffman of CBS Is
Second Guest Speaker
Elwood Hoffman, the second of a
series of radio experts sent by the
Columbia Broadcasting System to
lecture before speech classes, will be
in Ann Arbor Monday through
Thursday, it was announced by Prof.
David Owen of the Department of
Speech.
Hoffman, who is script editor for
CBS, will speak to radio writing and
other radio classes and will hold a
public conference at 4 p. m. EWT
(3 p. m. CWT) Thursday in the West
Conference Room of the Rackham
Building.
He joined CBS as a staff writer in
1943,
Four-Star General
Craig Wore Civies
WASHINGTON--)P-Malin Craig,
the four-star general who died re-
cently, spent the last two years of
his service fighting with the War De-
partment.
Recalled from retirement to head
a board assigned to provide officers
quickly for the expanded Army, Craig
showed up for duty in civilian clothes.
Repeatedly his superiors insisted he
wear a uniform; repeatedly he re-
fused. He told a reporter:
"I'm running an officer factory.
It's pretty secret. If I walk around
here in four stars, every Congress-
man in town will know it and be
down here trying to get some lieu-
tenant colonel promoted."
Craig won the argument.

Russian Engin4
Study Educatic
"No American could appear in
Moscow V-E Day without being
cheerfuly greeted by Russians whom,
they would meet on the streets."
Ccnveying the gratitude of the
Russians toward Americans, Prof.
Anatcli P. Kreshkov of the Mende-
eev Institute of Chemical Engineer-
ing and Prof. Alexander I. Richkov
rm the Moscow Institute of Chem-
ical Industries visited the University
during the past week as a part of an
investigation of American techniques
of education in the engineering field.
They will present a report on their
visit to Scviet authorities.
Toured Universtiies
In America as advisors to the Gov-
ernment Purchasing Commission of
the Soviet Union in the United States
-the two profes.ors have toured var -
ious universities throughout the
country, purchasing textbooks to be
translated into Russian.
Expressing gratitude for a warmE
welcome from the University facul-
ty, they commented on the fact that
students in America begin their
training earlier than in Russia. How-
ever, a European student is faced
with a more rigid and lengthy edu-
cational program, they said, point-
out that a Russian school day is
longer, and more requirements are
necessary for a degree.
Americans take a more practical
approach to their teaching, they ex-
plained, the Russians placing more
emphasis on theory. American lab-
oratories also are more fully equipped
with a finer type of apparatus. j
Russia Needs Equipment
Impressed with the beauty of the
Universtiy campus, they noted that
Plans Announced
For L of A. S. Dance
The Institute o f Aeronautical
Science will give a semi-formal dance
Friday, Aug 10, at the League Ball-
room.
Leroy Smith and his 12-piece or-
chestra will play for the dance. The
orchestra was one of the first to in-
troduce "Rhapsody in Blue" as a
dance piece, has recorded for Victor
and played at the Hotel Statler and
other hotels.
Tickets will be on sale beginning
tomorrow at the Union and League.
The dance is open to all students.
INVEST IN VICTORY

ering Profs
in Methods
many of Russia's cultural and edu-
cational institutes have been de-
stroyed by the Germans. The two
professors said that the lack of new
apparatus is so great that all of the
laboratory equipment concerns in the
United States could not fill Russia's
needs.
Interested in exc-anging students,
they investigated atdission require-
ments and living conditions of the
University.
OfFull Living
ring onors
BY HERBERT PEELE
MANTEO, N. C., July 28-(P)-Just
once in a long while, there lives a
man whose fame and friendships
spread far beyond the limits of the
little locality in which he roots his
life. Alpheus Walton. Drinkwater,
first citizen of Dare County, is such
a man.
For 70 years, he has been content
to live within a dozen miles of the
Coast Guard station here where he
was born. But to his trim white
house and its never-locked door have
come Presidents and Ambassadors,
as well as, just plain neighbors, He
is known and fondly remembered by
Mary, Dowager Queen of Great Brit-
ain; "Hap" Arnold, General of the
Air Forces; Eleanor Roosevelt, and,
in their day, Orville Wright and Gen.
Billy Mitchell.
Next Tuesday, Dare County will
honor Alpheus Drinkwater with an
official holiday. It will be his 70th
birthday and he will retire after 45
years in the Coast Guard. The com-
pany will include a busy Vice-Ad-
miral whose life Drinkwater once
saved.
In the long years he has been,
among'other things, telegraph oper-
ator, weather observer, Associated
Press correspondent, and officially,
senior communications engineer for
the Coast Guard. There has been no
secret along the wild reaches of the
outer banks that Drinkwater has not
shared - and guarded.
But it is the working newspaper-
man that he has served with the
greatest of diligence and patience.
He has in his files bales of valuable
Imanuscript, particularly the first-
hand accounts from Kill Devil Hill
when the Wrights were trying their
wings there. He has refused $10,000
for six of those stories.

The Department of Speech Presents
The Michigan Repertory Players in
By Sir James M. Barrie
Wednesday, through Saturday at 8:30 P.M. (E.W.T.)
Tickets $1.02 - 78c -- 54c (tax included)
LYDIA MENDELSSOHN THEATRE

~E~em'

flow s

To Rome To Sleep

- ' '

Latest sidelight on the Washing-
ton housing shortage is the story of
the girl who had to settle for a room
in-Rome, Italy.
Coming to Washington to take a
job with Army Intelligence, she found
temporary quarters at the YWCA but
couldn't find a permanent room.
The Army offered her an assign-
ment in Rome. She took it, saying:'
"I'd rather stay in Washington, but
after all, I had to have a room and
the Army assured me I'd have one in
Rome."
Time Out . . .
During debate on the United Na-
tions Charter the Democratic cloak-
room in the Senate suddenly was
darkened. A Senate employe ex-
plained:
"One of the Senators is taking a
nap."
Marriage Is Sub ject
Of Guild Discussion,
"Love and Marriage" will be the
subject of a discussion led by Rev.
Eugene Tenat of the Disciples Church
at the Roger Williams Guild today.
Supper will be served at 6 p. m.
EWT (5 p. m. CWT) Herman Jones
will lead the discussion.

I

COOL!

A RED-HEAD AND A BLONDE!

SHOWS DAILY at 1-3-5-7-9 P.M.

N

AROUND THE CLOCK WITH WPAG

gar 1 ETWEEN TWO

It's Something
To Remember...
0N4-E

N1: P.AN E

I q V N.. JULY 29. 1945

11:05-Free Methodist

6:05--Wilson Ames.

I

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