. . 1
VOL. LIV No. 6-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 12, 1944
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Students Are Needed To Harvest Cherries
Local Crop Threatened'
By Shortage of Pickers-
An urgent call was sounded yesterday by County Agent H. S. Osler to
enlist the aid of University students in harvesting lotal cherry crops.
The program calls for 30 workers to be in the orchards both tomorrow
and Friday and transportation will be furnished to and from the farms.
Realizing the importance of immediate action a committee was organ-
ized representing The Daily and the Women's War Council to facilitate the
project and the following plan of action was outlined last night.
1) Persons interested should register between 9:15 a.m. and 10 a.m.
and from 1:30 p.m. to 5:30 p.m. TODAY in the Undergraduate Offices
of the League.
2) Students taking the trip should pack a box lunch to carry along.
3) Complete directions for assembly will be given at the time of
One University coed who heard of the project through the Office of
Civilian Defense which has been recruiting workers for more than two weeks
An Urgent Call
Here is your opportunity, as a part of fighting America, to do a valuable
service in the war effort.
An urgent appeal was issued yesterday by the county agricultural agent
for a group of volunteers to aid in the harvesting of a cherry crop on a
A committee, formed by the Women's War Council and The Daily, has
met the call with arrangements for a crew of students to fill this vital need.
The results depend on immediate and spontaneous cooperation from the
Trucks will be available tomorrow and Thursday to furnish transporta-
tion to and from the farm. The wage rate will be sufficient to add incentive.
And aside from the material compensation will be the exhilarating feeling
of satisfaction in actively helping on the home front.
Volunteers may sign up from 9:15-10 a.m. and 1:30-5 p.m. today and
tomorrow in the undergraduate office of the Michigan League.
Only 30 people are needed to work each day (tomorrow and Thursday).
Aren't there enough people on this campus Ito make the project a success?
Here's a chance to spike those rumors about the Michigan student being
an apathetic citizen. -The time is short; the need is great. How many of
you are going to sign up today? - Betty Ann Koffman
picked cherries last week-end and reported "a pleasant day with excellent
Immediate Action Imperative.
Osler emphasized the fact that the work must be completed before the
week-end or else the crop would rot on the trees.
Work will continue all day tomorrow and Friday and it was predicted
that compensation would be upwards of $3 per day, depending on the
amount of work done.
This project is being carried on under the direction of the United States
Agriculture Department and the Michigan State Department of Agriculture
in a last ditch attempt to save Michigan's cherry crop which is expected to
be the largest in history.
Washtenaw County Short of Quota
The state-wide program requires Washtenaw County to provide 300
pickers, but to date only 130 people have volunteered. Kenneth Russell, who
is directly supervising the project for the county, stressed the necessity of
immediate citizen cooperation.
Michigan's main cherry growing district is in the Traverse City region
and already some 2,000 volunteer pickers have been dispatched to that area.
A special girls' camp is maintained there for persons able to spend up-
wards of a week in the fields. Complete information is available at the
County Court House.
World News in Brief
GOP Leads in Light Primary;
Fry, Brown Are Ahead in Dace
-Daily Photo by John Horeth
BEING DECORATED-Seen above is Maj.-Gen. Myron C. Cramer,
head of the Judge Advocate General Department of the Army, pinning
the Soldier's Medal to the tunic of Cand. Buster Cole for his action on
a sinking ship. The presentation was made during the review parade
Monday at Ferry Field when the JAG Officer Candidates (background)
received their commissions.
'Damask Cheek' Will Open
With Claribel Baird As Star
Brooks, Cody Gain
In Early Returns
By the Associated Press
Edward J. Fry, former state racing 1
commissioner, polled a vote morey
than equalling the combined totals of5
his two rivals for the Democratic6
nomination for governor in earlyc
unofficial returns from Tuesday'so
primary, while Auditor General Ver-
non J. Brown, administration sup-r
ported candidate, ran up a mounting C
lead over the incumbent Dr. Eugene
C. Keyes in their race for the Re-
publican nomination for lieutenantI
Governor Harry F. Kelly was un-
opposed for renomination in the Re-
publhan primary, and James H.C
Lee, assistant corporation counsel
of Detroit, was unopposed for the
Democratic lieutenant governor nom-
Fry, a former chairman of ther
Democratic state central committee,
whose home is in Fremont; Earnest
C. Brooks of Holland, a former state
senator and present Democratic
state chairman; and William J. Cody,
Wayne County circuit court commis-
sioner, ran one-two-three in the re-
turns, which were slowly trickling in
to the tabulating machines.
In the Brown-Keyes race, in which
the Governor frankly demanded the
election of Brown and defeat of
Keyes, Brown led at the first total
which was struck by tabulators by a
margin of 2,000 votes by 4,000 on the
next, and stretched it further as
more returns came in from perhaps
the smallest presgential year pri-
mary election vote in Michigan's
Strategic St. Lo
SUPREME HEADQUARTERS AL-
LIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE,
Wednesday, July 12-(AP)-Ameri-
can tanks and infantrymen in a pow-
erful new offensive smashed to with-
in two miles of the mid-Normandy
communications hub of St. Lo yes-
terday, and late dispatches said that
one of the heaviest armored battles
of the war was being fought outside
the city as Marshal Erwin Rommel
hurled in select Panzer units divert-
ed from his hard-pressed Caen front.
The Germans' entire western flank
from St. Lo to the sea was imperiled.
Hundreds of American big guns
and dive-bombers were supporting
the American tank-infantry units.
Thunderbolt dive-bombers in one of
the biggest air-tank battles of the
campaign already had destroyed
more than a score of Rommel's tanks.
On the eastern end of the blaz-
ing Normandy front British and
Canadian troops gave up some
ground southwest of Caen near the
Orne River, while northeast of fal-
len Caen the British hammered out
Lt. Gen. Omar N. Bradley's drive
caught up the impetus of attack as
the British-Canadian second army's
push around Caen lost some of its
initial momentum due to fierce Ger-
man resistance and a steady series
of enemy counterattacks.
Nearly the entire 100-mile Nor-
mandy front, however, was aflame
Less Than 5,000
Vote in Ann Arbor
In what was termed one of the
lightest primary votes in recent
years, Ann Arbor voters, less than
5,000 strong, assured positions on
the November ballot for all republi-
cans for local, state, and federal
Unofficial returns from Ann Arbor
precincts are as follows:
H. F. Kelley, R, 2206, unopposed.
Em. J. Fry, D, 185.
V. J. Brown, R, 1849.
E. C. Keyes, R, 698.
J. H. Lee, D, 267, unopposed.
Congress, 2nd District-
E. C. Michener, R, 1682.
G. S. Ross, R, 549.
State Senator, 12th District-
G. N. Higgins, R, 922.
J. D. Thorn, R, 530.
State Representative, 1st District-
L. G. Christman, R, 1187.
R. C. Ashmore, R, 523.
J. W. Rae, R, 1598.
A. J. Rapp, R, 973
J. J. L. Osborn, R, 2140.
F. Norris, D, 332.
For Product ion
To Be Effected
WASHINGTON, July 11-(AP)Thc
War Production Board announced
tonight that Chairman Donald M.
Nelson's full program to prepare in-
dustry for civilian production will be
ordered into effect beginning Satur-
The only concession to army and
navy opponents of the plan is in
staggered dates which defer opera-
tion of part of the plan to August
Battle is Climaxed
The announcement climaxed a
stormy inter-agency battle in which
Nelson, convalescing from pneu-
monia, was opposed by the War and
Navy Departments and the War
Manpower Commission on grounds
that the announced program would
divert labor from arms production
The deferment of the most sweep-
ing of the four Nelson orders until
mid-August, will "give the War
Manpower Commission more time to
perfect its organization and admini-
strative controls," said Charles E.
Wilson, WPB executive vice-chair-
man, in announcing the agency's de-
Board Ratifies Program
The staggered program was rati-
fied by the full War Production
Board, including its military mem-
bers, in a brief, almost perfunctory
session this afternoon. Terms of the
agreement had been worked out pri-
vately after War Mobilization Direct-
or James F. Byrnes sent word to the
disputants to adjust their differences
The final order, effective in mid-
August, will permit WPB field of-
fices to authorize the manufacture of
civilian goods hitherto prohibited or
restricted, in the plants of com-
panies which have labor and ma
chinery not needed in the war ef-
FDR Would Serve
As 'Good Soldier'
By the Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 11.--
President Roosevelt, with a noncha-
lant smile on his face but his hands
atremble with emption, announced
today that he would accept a fourth
term nomination and, if elected,
would serve reluctantly, but as a
The announcement, which sur-
prised newsmen and politicians only
as to its timing, was made at a
White House news conference. The
President read a letter from Chair-
man Robert E. Hannegan of the
Democratic National Committee in-
forming him that more than a ma-
jority of convention delegates are
already "legally bound" to support
his renomination and asking that
he 'again respond to the call of the
party and the people."
Then he read his reply:
"I Will Serve"
"If the convention should carry
this out, and nominate me for the
Presidency, I shall accept. If the
people elect me, I will serve."
He asserted that he will not "run"
for either nomination or election "in
the usual partisan, political sense"
but would take orders from a "sup-
erior officer-the people of the Unit-
His personal choice the President
said, would be to retire to his home
on the Hudson and leave public re-
sponsibilities and the publicity at-
tendant upon the office of chief
Future Is at Stake
"But we of this generation chance
to live in a day and hour when our
nation has been attacked, and when
the . future existence of our chosen
method of government is at stake,"
Mr. Roosevelt went on.
"To win this war wholeheartedly,
unequivocally and as quickly as we
can is our task of the first import-
ance. To win this war in suchad
way that there be no future world
wars in the foreseeabled. future is our
second objective. To provide occu-
pations and to provide a decent
standard of living for our men in the
armed forces after the war, and for
all Americans, are the final object-
"Therefore, reluctantly, but as a
good soldier, I repeat that I will ac-
cept and serve in this office, if I am
so ordered by the commander-n-
chief of all of us-the sovereign
pepole of the United States."
* * *
Wall ace Con fer~
WASHINGTON, July 11.- (
President Roosevelt held another
long conference with Vice-President
Wallace today as authoritative re-
ports circulated that he would issue
a statement within 48 hours express-
ing a preference for Wallace as his
1944 running mate.
At the same time Democratic lead-
ers indicated the President would
allow the convention to make a free
choice without any dictation from
the White House.
Gen Cramer Explains
Maj.-Gen. Myron C. Cramer, Army
Judge Advocate General, in a pre-
pared statement for the press issued
yesterday, explained the way the
Army has been conserving its man-
power by the use of rehabilitation
"Realizing that a soldier in the
guard house or an Army prison is as
much acasualty as a soldier wound-
ed in battle," he said, "the Army
established a system of rehabilitating
soldiers found guilty of lesser crimes
Mrs. Claribel Baird, guest director
with the Michigan Repertory Play-
ers, of the Department of Speech,
will play the leading role of Rhoda
in the first performance of "The
Damask Cheek" which will begin at
8:30 p. m. today in the Lydia Men-
Blanche Holpar is cast as the
domineering Mrs. Randall, Patricia
Meikle as the errant actress and
In War Effort
President Alexander G. Ruthven,
in speaking at the Judge Advocate
General's School graduate ceremon-
ies yesterday, gave the following fig-
ures in regard to the part the Uni-
versity has played in training ser-
vicemen and towards the war effort.
He said in short that 10,000 Army
and Navy personnel have been
trained here, that approximately 300
faculty members have been employed
on an extensive research program,
and that at the present time some-
what less than 3,000 Army and Navy
men are being trained on the campus.
He said that ten departments or
branches of the Army and six bran-
ches of the Navy have used its train-
ing facilities. As many as 15 separate
training programs in addition to a
large number of distinct curricula
were taught in ASTP, with over 50
courses being in operation at one
time involving the full or part time
services of more than 500 members
of the faculty.
Donald Hargis as the cousin about
whom the play revolves.
Others in the cast include Barbara
Greeberg as Miss Pinner, Jean Loree
as Nora, Miriam Ruge as Daphne,
Byron Mitchell as Michael and Char-
les Benjamin as Neil.
The play unfolds the tale of the
interesting English girl, Rhoda, who
has always been in love with her
cousin Jimmy, who, however, is en-
gaged to a pert little actress. After
suitable displays of modesty, Rhoda
captures the coveted Jimmy who has
finally realized that he had taken
her too long for granted to realize
that he was in love with her.
Tickets for the fullseason of plays
are on sale from 10 a. m. to 5 p. m.
daily except Sunday at the box office
of the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Single tickets for the individual plays
and the operetta are also available.
LONDON, July 12, Wednesday-
Russian armies plunged steadily to-
ward East Prussia and the Baltic Sea
yesterday, continuing to bowl over
all Nazi efforts to organize effective
opposition, while late German broad-
casts cried, "The enemy is at the
gates of Germany."
Daugavpils, (Dvinsk), big rail cen-
ter in southern Latvia, rapidly was
being outflanked from the south and
advances up to 20 miles were regis-
tered by Soviet forces on some sec-
tions of the 350-mile battle front,
By the Associated Press
Carolines Bombed -..-
ADVANCED ALLIED HEADQUAR-
TERS, New Guinea, July 12, Wed-
nesday-Southwest Pacific Libera-
tors have blasted Jap airdromes in
the Carolines again, this time with
30 tons of bombs. Some parked air-
planes were destroyed.
* * *
Yanks Threaten Pisa.. 1
ROME, July 11. - American
troops were striking northward
tonight down the Era River valley
beyond the by-passed German
strongpoint of Jajatico in a bold
flanking threat to Livorno and
Pisa. The enemy, fully aroused to
the-danger of the U.S. maneuver,
was offering violent opposition.
Chinese Take Yungfeng...
CHUNGKING, July 11.- Chinese
troops have r.ecaptured Yungfeng, 45
miles northwest of the Hunan prov-
ince rail city of Hengyang, while
withstanding Japanese pressure in
the outskirts of Hengyang itself, the
Chinese high command announced
vere fighting raged northwest of
western Pacific were reported to-
day, with indications that fighter
plane sweeps from newly con-
quered Saipan Island have added
their weight to the attack.
* * *
Advance in Burma .. .
SOUTHEAST ASIA COMMAND
HEADQUARTERS, Kandy, Ceylon,
July 11.-British troops in a dogged
pursuit of overwhelmed Japanese
forces have pushed on from Ukhrul,
reaching Ongshim, nine miles to the
southeast, Admiral Lord Louis
Mountbatten's headquarters an-
ADDRESSES JAG SCHOOL GRADUATES:
Patterson Reveals U.S. Superiority in Fire Power
By STAN WALLACE
"We have an advantage in' fire
power at a rate of four to one",
spelling complete doom to our ene-
mies, acting Secretary of War Rob-
ert P. Patterson declared yester-
day in a prepared address before
the largest graduating class of the
TviA ero.r. sn lria al' gnh
The Acting Secretary was flank-
ed by high Army and University
officials on the rostrum including
Maj. Gen. Myron C. Cramer, head
of the JAG department, Maj. Gen.
Henry S. Aurand, commandant,
Sixth Corps Area, President Alex-
anda C_ nMithvn and Col. Edward
jitters and that we might say it's
all over but the fighting."
Pointing to the future, he stated
that "we are not content with a
four to one ratio. Our soldiers who
bear the heavy hazards that go
with assault deserve better, the
best we can give them."
On behalf of the War Depart-
ing sense of humor with which
most American soldiers are bless-
Spiking rumors that men go
overseas without adequate train-
ing, Patterson stated "I can assure
you that no division is sent over-
seas until its performance in camp
and on maneuvers has indicated it
handled 19,000 men of which more
than 50 per cent have been restored
to active duty.
Rapping on the speaker's table,
Patterson repeated the Allied aim
of unconditional surrender of the
Germans and Japanese and stress-
ed that there should be no future
opportunity for Germany to begin