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August 23, 1944 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1944-08-23

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4tit t an

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WEATHER
Partly cloudy: no decided
change in temperature,,

VOL. LIV No. 36-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN WEDNESDAY, AUG. 23, 1944

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Red Ofensives
Gain on 156-Mile
Romanian Front*
Iasi, Top Industrial City, Falls As Twin
Drives Aim at Ploesti Oil Fields;
Reds Within 65 Miles of Danube River
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Aug. 22-Tremendous new twin Russian offensives on the
long-dormant Romanian battleground have gained 38 to 44 miles on a
156-mile front, toppling the big industrial city of Iasi and costing the
Germans 25,000 dead and more than 12,000 prisoners in three days, Moscow
announced tonight.
Quiet since last April, these two powerful armies apparently were
aiming at the Ploesti oilfields, Germany's chief source of vital petroleum,
now 160-odd miles southwest of the battle lines. Already the Russians
were less than 65 miles from the Danube river.
C Between Warsaw and Bialystok the

Yanks, French

Close on Marsejile

,.. r

>

' +s'y- g~s -r

LT.S. Tanks Drive Southeast of Paris

v

Senate Assent
On Conference
Plans Predicted
Vandenberg Favors a
World Organization
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Aug. 22-Three
Senators declared today they saw
bright. prospects for the Dumbarton
Oaks Conference, as British, Ameri-
can and Russian delegates settled to
the task of framing a proposed In-
ternational organization to keep the
peace.
Predicting Senate approval of the
conference's work, Chairman Con-
nally (D.-Tex.) of the Foreign Rela-
tions Committee said that the pros-
pects for success were "indeed propi-
tious." The present conference, he
told the Senate, will be followed by
another that brings together higher
officers of the Allied Governments.
Vanderberg Optimistic
Senator Vandenberg (R.-Mich.)
declared the, conference convened
under "the happiest possible pros-
pects of good effect" and added:
"If this world can not organize
to assure permanent peace, the weap-
ons of the next war will put an end
to civilization. Only those blind to
the realities of. global suicide can
fail to make a practical effort to pre-
vent such a development."
Carrys Out Moscow Declaration
In another Senate speech, Senator
Downey (D.-Calif.) asserted that
"great events" are in the maKing at
the conference-which he described
as fulfilling the "prophetic vision" of
Woodrow Wilson.
"It is the first formal move to car-
ry out the Moscow Declaration which
obliged the United States, Russia,
Great Britain and China to create a
general international organization,"
Downey said. "The Senate by al-
most unanimous vote already has en-
dorsed the findings of the Moscow
Conference."
Clay Reveals
- War Shortage
Lack of Manpower Is
Reason for Scarcity
WASHINGTON, Aug. 22-(P)-
Maj. Gen. Lucius D. Clay, Director
of Materiel for the Army Service For-
ces, has informed Senate War in-
vestigators that a theater command-
er failed to get half the 155 milli-
meter ammunition needed for a re-
cent landing operation.
Clay appeared before the War In-
vestigating Committee last Wednes-
day and his testimony last Wednes-
tonight.
Clay said that there were serious
shortages in a number of categories,
largely because of a manpower prob-
lem. But on small arms ammunition,
he said, the best estimates show that
"our stocks on hand, plus produc-
tion, would carry us through 1945,
leaving us at that time with the auth-
orized reserve levels."
Included in the shortages, he said,
were a 9 per cent deficit in heavy
trucks, 5 per cent in bombs, 45 per
cent in 155 millimeter shells, 53 per
cent in 8-inch howitzer shells, and
46 per cent in 240 millimeter howit-
zer shells.
'Aunt' Ruth Thanks
Daily Contributors

Soviet communique announced cap-
ture of the large highway junction
town of Zambrow, 14 miles southeast
of Lomza. This represented an ad-
vance of 15 miles from previously re-
ported positions.
Threaten to Outflank Warsaw
Nearer to Warsaw, the Russians
thrust suddenly northwestward and
cleared the Germans from the south
bank of the Bug river along a 40-
mile front from Olekhny to Slopsk.
Moscow dispatches said this drive
threatened to outflank Warsaw by
pushing to the confluence of the Bug
and Vistula rivers 28 miles northwest
of the old Polish capital.
Already it was furthering the iso-
lation of East Prussia, where an un-
official Soviet account said the bor-
der finally had been crossed, appar-
ently in the Schirwindt sector.
Nazis Attack in Latvia
In Latvia, where the Germans
Monday succeeded in reestablishing
contact with the two army corps that
had been cut off in the north Baltic
states, the Nazis threw in strong tank
and infantry attacks to try to widen
the gap but the Russians said they
failed. In Estonia, the Russians cut
the important Tartu-Valga railway
down the center of the country.
The great scope of the victories in
Romania was emphasized by Stalin's
two orders of the day and the com-
munique which said that in three
days the second Ukranian army had
killed 13,000 German and Romanian
soldiers and captured 7,000, while the
third Ukranian army had killed
12,000 and captured 5,665.
During the same period the two
armies destroyed 155 enemy tanks
and captured 32, destroying 487 pieces
of field artillery and captured 439,
plus thousa~ids of motor trucks, trac-
tors and machine guns.
Yanks Meet No
Interception
In Raid on Yap
PEARL HARBOR, Aug. 22-(IP)-
American army heavy bombers based
in the Marianas islands raided Yap
Island, guarding the central eastern
approach to the Philippines, for the
second consecutive day Sunday with-
out encountering enemy iterception.
Army Liberators that struck at
Truk in the Eastern Carolines, how-
ever, ran into Japanese fighter planes.
They overcame the opposition, com-
pleted their mission and returned to
their base.
Adm. Chester W. Nimitz announc-
ed these aerial actions today and also
reported another raid on Nauru,
west of the Gilberts, and an attack
on enemy shipping in the Marcus
Island Area. One Japanese medium
cargo vessel was destroyed near Mar-
cus, which is 1,200 miles southeast of
Tokyo, and a smaller ship was left
burning.'
The announcement covered actions
over a Pacific Ocean area of 90,000
square miles, demonstrating how
American warplanes can fan out
from their new advanced bases in
the Marianas
Robot Bombs
Blast England
LONDON, Aug. 22.-(W)- Flying
bombs plunged into southern Eng-
land today on an accelerated scale,
bringing a heavy toll of casualties
while the populace dug into debris,
with their ears cocked for news of
the U.S. Third Army's headway to-
ward the rocket coast across the
fl Irhn

Americans
Plunge Past
Town of Sens
Yanks Meet Only
Meager Opposition
WAR AT A GLANCE
By The Associated Press
FRANCE-New Allied landing
reported at Bordeaux. On western
front Yanks dash halfway across
France, southeast of Paris; close
in on Le Havre. Germans pound-
ed in trap along Seine. South
France forces advance briskly.
Fighting continues in Toulon.
RUSSIA-Reds open twin offen-
sive to drive Romania from war.
Iasi falls. Make deep gains on
wide front.
GERMANY - Petain reported
under arrest and taken to Ger-
many. Patriots reported fighting
in Paris and taking over large por-
tions of country.
PACIFIC-Yap Island hit again.
Aerial offensive west of New .Gui-
nea continues.
By The Associated Press
SHAEF, Aug. 22-An American ar-
mored column has driven more than
half way across France on the road
to Germany, plunging past the
ancient town of Sens, 58 miles south-
east of Paris, in a 65-mile smash
against only meager opposition, a
front dispatch disclosed tonight.
Sens is a full 180 airline miles from
the original Normandy invasion
beachhead-much farther over the
road of battle-and only 165 miles
from the German border to the
northeast near the Saar town of
Neunkirchen. Germany also lies due
east, 200 miles away at the Rhine.
West of Paris American armored
and infantry forces wheeled north-
westward toward the sea in a new
drive co close a noose of encircle-
ment on thousands of weary Germais
caught on the south side of the
Seine.
Between the two great drives the
entire metropolitan area of Paris lay
cut off, apparently ready' to be taken
at will by Allied forces which for the
moment were racing to destroy the
routed German armies.
The Americans were racing beyond
Sens in the direction of Troyes, 37
miles to the east, a large communica-
tion center on the upper Seine. Sens
itself is a minor communications hub,
lying on the Yonne near its conflu-
ence with the Vanne.
The movements of these forces had
been hidden for some hours. The
depth of their penetration, plus the
information that it was against only
meager opposition, disclosed that the
Americans under Lt. Gen. Omar N.
Bradley still were rampant on a
grand scale without the slightest evi-
dence of being checked.
Northwest of Paris the Americans
sought to shape a trap approximate-
ly 40 miles square around those Ger-
mans, still reeling in a tailspin
Cardinal Dies
Of Heart Attack
VATICAN CITY, Aug. 22-()-Lu-
igi Cardinal Maglione, Papal Secre-
tary of State since 1939, died of a
heart attack last night at his native
home in Casoria, in the Archdiocese
of Naples. He was 67.
Cardinal Maglione retired some
weeks ago to Casoria for thermal
treatment and rest after years of
uninterrupted, intensive work. Vati-

can sources said he was suffering
from neuritis.

Third Landing
Is Reported

-Photo by John Horeth
VETERANS' REGISTER FOR BLOOD BANK-Members of the Veterans' Organization volunteer to
donate blood. Standing left to right are Kenneth McManis, James McGinnis, Al Lomako, Tom Patton,
Lazlo Hetenyi, Mike Stern, Pamela Watts and Jim Platte, co-chairmen of the drive, Bob Lynch, Lynn
Cavanaugh, and Al Dolynko. Jean Hotchkiss, seated, is registering the donors.
*r . ., . . - - - - --

450 DONORS NEEDED:
Only 120 Register for Largest
University Blood Bank Quota
41-

"Response to the call for blood don-
ors has not been entirely satisfactory,
but approximately 120 volunteers
have registered to date," Sandy Per-
lis, USNR, chairman of the Septem-
ber Blood Bank drive, announced
yesterday.
Perlis urged student organizationsl
to contact the committee and ar-
range to give blood as a group. Sev-
eral organizations have made such
plans, he said. He emphasized that
the drive should have the full sup-
port of the entire campus.
The University has been assigned
its largest quota, 450, with the en-
tire quota to be filled from campus
personnel.
Japs Adopt Compulsory
Labor Law for Women
NEW YORK, Aug. 22.-(')-- The
Japanese Domei Agency said in a
broadcast dispatch recorded by the
Federal Communications Commis-
sion that a compulsory labor service
law for girls and unmarried women
from 12 to 40 years old in Japan
went into effect today.
Domei indicated that the girls and
women would be mobilized.

Registration will continue today
through Saturday. A special blood
bank booth at the center of the diag-
onal will be open from 9 a. m. to
noon and from 1 p. m. to 2:15 p. m.
today through Friday and from 9
a. m. to noon Saturday.
Facilities for registration are also
available in the Social Director's Of-
fice in the League. Volunteers may
register in the student, offices in the
Union from 3 p. m. to 5 p. m. today
through Friday.
Servicemen in the army and navy
will be registered at noon tomor-
row in the East and West Quad-
rhngles. Men in the Judge Advocate
General school will be registered lat-
er in the week.
The Red Cross mobile unit will be
stationed at the Women's Athletic
Building Sept. 14 and 15. Donors
will be excused from class the hour
of their appointment.
Allies 0ccupYI
City Without
Damaging Art
ROME, Aug. 22--(P)-Allied troops
"by skill and patience" have complet-
ed occupation of the world famous
art center of Florence without incur-j
ring extensive damage to its cul-'
tural treasures and have sent patrols'
digging into Nazi positions beyond
the city, Gen. Sir Harold Alexander's!
headquarters announced today.
"Unless the enemy decides to en-
gage the city with long-range artil-
lery fire the city will rapidly return
to normal and full assistance will be
brought to the inhabitants by the
Allied Military Government," an of-
ficial statement said.
"When the time is ripe Allied ar-
mies will continue their advance, re-
lieved to know that the city has been
spared irreparable damage."

Nazi sKidnap
Marshal Petain
From Vichy
Mass 30,000 Troops
To Defend Rlhineland
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Aug. 22-Aged Marshal
Petain was kidnaped from his Vichy
villa by the German Gestapo Sunday
and now, along with Pierre Laval, is
virtually a prisoner of the Germans
at Belfort in eastern France, a reli-
able report from the French-Swiss
border said tonight.
Petain was reported to have reach-
ed Belfort near the Swiss-French
border, Monday afternoon after be-
ing spirited across France by the
Gestapo. An earlier report had said
Petain was being held at Wiesbaden.
Prepare Belfort Defenses
At the same time Germans were
reported massing upwards of 30,000
troops around Belfort to defend the
gateway to the Rhineland, Belfort
is 25 miles from the Swiss border and
an equal distance from Germany.
The Nazis apparently hoped to
preserve a foothold on French soil
for the government of Pierre Laval,
who fled with them in the face of the
roaring tide of the Allied advance to
a place identified by the Nazis only
as "another French town." A re-
port Saturday said Laval had estab-
lished headquarters at Belfort in an
effort to escape attacks from the
French forces of the interior,
Patriots Cut Railroad
The Algiers radio reported, how-
ever, that "violent fighting" already
was raging at Belfort between the
Maquis and Germans and that the
patriots had cut the Belfort-Paris
railway,
Heavy fighting also was reported
at Bellegarde, on the Swiss border a
few miles from Geneva, where both
the Germans and the Maquis have
been reinforced.
Miss Babcock
To Retire Sept. 1
Miss Florence G. Babcock, who be-
came first medical librarian of the
University Hospital when she as-
sumed the post in 1925, will retire
Sept. 1, it was announced yester-
day.
Confronted with the task of or-
ganizing a central record system for
the hospital when she came here in
100r A -- a h is --1,-1 A -

At Bordeaux
U. S. Army Holds
2,000 Square Miles
By The Associated Press
HENDAYE, FRANCE, Aug. 22--
French military authorities said a
third Allied landing in France
started tonight in the area of Bor-
deaux, which was reported under a
coordinated attack by American
and French columns.
American and French ground
forces met on the outskirts of Bor-
deaux about noon and immediately
launched an attack on the city, the
last pocket of organized German
resistance in southeastern France,
French frontier guards said. .
(The War Department public re-
lations office said tonight it had no
information on a new Allied land-
ing in the Bordeaux area.)
By The Associated Press
ROME, Aug. 22-American and
French troops, plunging westward be-
yond the encircled and doomed naval
base of Toulon on the Mediterran-
ean, were fighting forward tonight
within three miles of Marseille,
France's second largest city, brushing
aside Nazi forces declared by 'Maj.
Gen. Alexander M. Patch to be "per-
plexed and stunned."
An American armored and infantry
column, spearing toward the wide
Rhone valley-pathway to northern
France-was roaring along at a point
eight miles west of captured Aix-Eh-
Provence, which is 15 miles north of
Marseille.
Approach St. Cannat
Another Yank column approached
St. Cannat, 10 miles northwest of
Aix. Still other American units, ad-
vancing along both banks of the
Durance River toward the Rhone
valley, were four miles beyond Les-
Puy.
The Nazis are in "full retreat"
everywhere in southern France ex-
cept for coastal defense forces hold-
ing out in and near Toulon and on
the immediate approaches to Mar-
seille, the commander of the invading
Seventh Army proclaimed in an or-
der of the day.
Nazis in Full Retreat
General Patch exhorted his troops
to forget their fatigue and the diffi-
culties of maintaining supply lines
and to devote the last ounce of ef-
fort to the pursuit of the fleeing
enemy.
The furious pace of the Allied push
in from the Mediterranean in recent
days had expanded the Seventh Ar-
my's grip on southern France to
more than 2,000 square miles, more
than double the holding of late last
week.
Bulgarians Try
Peace Feelers
Claim Declaration of
War Was a 'Mistake'
LONDON, Aug 22.-(/P)-Bulgar-
ian foreign minister Parvan Draga-
nov told Parliament in Sofia today
that Bulgaria's declaration of war on
the United States and Britain had
been a mistake and that the govern-
ment of Premier Ivan Bagrianov now
was looking for "ways and means"
to make peace.
His short speech was broadcast by
the Bulgarian radio and recorded by
Allied monitors.
Draganov told the Parliament that
his government was pursuing a pol-
icy of friendship with Russia, with
which Bulgaria is not at war, and
that she hoped her present attitude
would be understood by Britain and
the United States.

There had been speculation that
Draganov might announce a Bul-
garian decision to get out of the war.
CIO Political Committee
Ii tnoI * l 0 0 __

'OLD 98' ARRIVES HOME:
Harmon To Marry Elyse Knox Saturday

Lt. Tom Harmon, Michigan's 'Old
98', now an Army flyer, arrived home
yesterday from the West Coast to

night with Mr. and Mrs. Louis
Harmon, Tom's parents happy that
'the two are tnppther hfore their

days as an all American on the
gridiron here from '38 to '40 will
fly in from Florida to bhe nresnt

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