THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SATURDAY AsUGUST 19, 1944
. . . ..
How Nazis Are Using Spain
(The following is from an address by
Representative Emanuel Cellar of New
IF WE permit ourselves to forget,
in pure blind escapism, the mean-
ing of all the danger signals that
marked the road to World War II,
our inevitable victories on the Conti-
nent and in Japan will prove hollow.
Smashing the Fascist-Nazi militaris-
tic pattern in Germany, Italy and
Japan and ignoring the same dread
pattern in Spain, which has extended,
to Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia and
Chile, would be like pulling weeds
but taking pains to leave the roots
The political mentality of the
Spanish Falange is Nazi. No Franco
double-talk can make it otherwise.
Deliver us, in the name of Allied
ships sunk off Gibraltar, in the name
of military secrets betrayed to the
Axis through the work of Spanish
embassies, in the name of wolfram, in
the name of iron ore sent by Spain to
feed Hitler's death machines, deliver
us from Franco's "neutrality."
Our Folly With Spain
We need not preen ourselves that
our expensive wooing of Franco kept
Spain neutral. Spain is "neutral"
only because German militarists
wished it so-Churchill's kindly
words about Spain notwithstanding.
Militarists planning a war do not
overlook the possibility of defeat. If
defeat should come again, the war
machine must go underground for
another try, as it did in 1918. .It
is not for nothing that Marshal
Goering said, "Spain is the key to
Now that an Allied victory is im-
minent, it is well for Spain to make
placatory gestures toward the Al-
lies and at the same time to do the
Axis' bidding. She has promised to
cut down her wolfram shipments to
Germany, but nothing has stopped
her, from sending 45,000 tons of
iron ore a month to German-occu-
pied territory. She has promised toI
withdraw the Spanish Blue Legion
fighting against Russia on thej
Eastern front, but nothing has
stopped her from seeing that the;
Blue Legion is incorporated into4
the Nazi columns.;
The Falange militia is dissolved,
Franco announced with braying
trumpet, but the fact remains that
it was made part of the Spanish
Army, thus strategically placing key
positions in the hands of the Falange..
Most significantly, the appropriation
to the Falange has been tripled this
Fascist Poison in Argentina
IT IS apparent that Franco Spain
will not be crushed as will be
Germany following an Allied victory.
What a springboard for Germany's
What a springboard-right into
Latin America. The work has been
done very well indeed in Argentina.
The Colonels' clique has followed the
antics of the Falange in Spain and
the Nazi party in Germany. Nor is
that anything to marvel at. More
than half the money appropriated
to the Falange by the Spanish Gov-
ernment is earmarked for use in
Latin America. It cannot be said
that this money has been spent in
The administrations of President
Ramirez and Farrell followed
closely the Franco brand of neu-
trality. Riding high and hand-
some now is Col. Juan D. Peron,
Argentina's Vice-President. When
accused of organizing labor and
capital along totalitarian lines,
Peron declared, "If the Nazis think
along these lines, then the Nazis
must be right."
The "neutrality" practices of
Franco are assiduously aped by Ar-
gentina. True, after much pressure.
Argentina enacted the farce of break-
ing relations with the Axis, but the
smuggling of vital war materials to
Germany, such as platinum, indu-
strial diamonds, drugs (including in-
sulin) continues. The violently an-
ti-United States newspapers are en-
couraged to vilify the Northern neigh-
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NIGHT EDITOR: JENNIE FITCH
Editorials published in The" Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
PEOPLE fond of lamenting the lack of differ-
ences in America's two-party system of gov-
ernment have some real issues and personalities
to choose from in the coming November gen-
Republican victory in the Congress will mean
a widespread revamping of legislative organiza-
-tion, and committees where Democrats previous-
ly held a majority may be controlled by the
GOP with chairmanship in GOP hands.
Men whose records are most studded with
obstructionist activity will head committees
on legislation in those very fields.
The Democratic majority in both houses is
no longer so great as to preclude legislative
domination as was the case the past 12 years.
In the Senate, a Republican majority would
place Gerald P. Nye, of North Dakota, in con-
trol of the nation's purse strings. Nye's record
on recent voting has been almost entirely nega-
tive. The farm bloc leader has opposed continu-
ation of the far-sighted National Resources
Planning Board, voted against a cloture. rule
on the anti-Poll-Tax bill, and opposed continua-
tion of subsidies.
Nye, up for election this fall, has admitted
political ties with leaders of the "lunatic fringe"
such as Gerald L. K. Smith. Nye is a fair-
haired boy among America Firsters, and has
been cited by the Deutscher Weckruf and Social
Justice, Father Coughlin's organ.
THE HOUSE, Ham Fish, of New York, re-
pudiated by every major Republican party
leader for his undemocratic statements in the
primary campaign, would inherit the leadership
of the all-important Rules Committee, heart-
beat of House organization.
It is redundant to cite Fish's reactionary rec-
ord. He never denied friendship with Ameri-
can fascists of the ilk of Joe McWilliams,
leader of the Christian Front, and William
Dudley Pelley, fuehrer of the Silver Shirts.
George Hill, Fish's secretary, was convicted
for perjury regarding collaboration with Nazi
agent George Sylvester Viereck.
The agirm Hiram Johnson, California Senator,
is heir apparent to the Foreign Affairs Com-
mittee. The ailing Californian has been absent
on much legislation but has found time to op-
pose the extension of food subsidies, and a clo-
ture clause to limit debate on the anti-Poll-Tax
bill, which left the measure vulnerable to fili-
buster. Should Johnson decline the post, Ar-
thur Capper, of Kansas, and isolationist Bob
La Follette, of Wisconsin, if accepted by GOP
cauus, would be next in line.
Capper would lead the Agriculture or Finance
Committee. on the basis of seniority. He has
voted consistently against measures for higher
taxes and other controls on inflation. Capper
also opposed the National Resources Planning
CHAIRMAN of the House committee on World
War Veterans' Legislation would be Edith
Nourse Rogers of Massachusetts, who voted
against a federal soldier vote ballot. Her reac-
tionary record is studded with votes against the
Home Owners' -oan Corp., the United Nations
Relief and Rehabilitation Administration, and
recent farm relief measures. She has consist-
ently opposed measures designed to keep down
the cost of living.
Michigan's Jesse P. Wolcott would head the
committee on Banking and Currency. Wolcott
To the present government heads
of Spain and Argentina, the ultimate
victory of Germany is merely a hope
deferred. There will be much work
done after the war to raise the Ger-
man banner again.
So Franco and his Falange
dream. Undoubtedly, the Reich's
master minds have watched with
deep satisfaction the poisonous
tentacles reaching forth to corrupt
and destroy. The Reich's invest-
ment in the Spanish Civil War has
paid high dividends.
Our coddling of Spain must cease.
We must recognize that Spain is an
Axis nation, that Spain is dedicated
to the ominous purposes of the Axis,
and that in defeating the Axis our
victory remains a half-measure un-
less Franco Spain is crushed along
with its begetters. A democratic
Spain must be our goal. Let us be
sure this time.
Smash Axis, Wherever Met
Our duty in Argentina is plain. We
must smash the Axis there as we
are smashing it in Europe. It is
insufficient to provide for diplomatic
isolation. It must be implemented
by an iron-clad quarantine. Our
attitude must be firm and hard. We
must isolate Argentina completely.
To this end, we need the active
co-operation of Great Britain.
However, with its heavy invest-
ments in Argentina, Britain.may
be loath to take such steps. Her
trade with Argentina gains while
ours declines. But Britain must
be made to see the light. She must
refrain from importing wool, beef,
wheat and corn, and we must re-
frain from importing Argentine
cheese, corn, and other foods. We
must deny Argentina access to,
iron and steel for her huge arma-
ment program. Both America and
Britain may have to tighten belts,
I wager that if Great Britain, with
the co-operation of the United
States, would completely refuse navi-
certs and build an economic wall
around Argentina, the Farrell-Peron
regime would crumble in a fortnight.
-St. Louis Post -Dispatch
'Pass the Mustard'
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-Strictest censorship in the
world today is from the Middle Eastern war
theater. Actually, it can no longer be called a
"war theater," for the war has passed by Egypt,
Syria, Lebanon, the Near East. Thus censor-
ship now applies purely. to political operations-
operations by which Winston Churchill is carry-
ing out his promise: "I wasn't made Prime Mini-
ster to liquidate the British Empire."
Greeks, Syrians and American newsmen re-
turning from the Near East strongly suspect that
Churchill, thumbing his nose at the Atlantic
Charter, intends to keep the Dodecanese Islands,
the Greek island of Crete, and the Italian islands
of Sicily and Pantelleria as British bases to
guard the jugular vein of the British Empire
American newsmen, trying to tell the real
story of what is happening in the Near East, run
up against not only British censorship but, not
long ago, they were called in by Maj. Gen. Bar-
ney Giles, U. S. Commander in Cairo, who pro-
ceeded to give them a lecture.
"Gentlemen," he said, "I have noticed that
you have been writing political news. You
are war correspondents. You are a part of
the U. S. Army and you have no right but to
reflect the opinion of the high command.
You will write nothing critical of British pol-
icy in the Middle East."
"But, General," remonstrated New York
Times' Cy Sulzberger, "since so much of what
the British are doing here is with American
lend-lease and with American prestige, it
seems to us that the American people have a
right to know what is happening, so long as
military secrets are not involved."
"The American public," shot back Gen.
Giles, banging his fist on the table, "Has no
g.... d.... right to know anything that is
going on in this theater, gentlemen."
That ended that. And since the British have
'three different censorships watching all out-
going U. S. mail from the Middle East, no
real word of what is happening has leaked out.
Why Greeks Revolted in Egypt
However, here's the inside ,story, from un-
censored diplomatic reports, of what U. S. news-
men wanted to say when Gen. Giles cracked
down on them.
It so happens that today about 60 percent
of the Greek Navy and 25 percent of the
Greek Army are prisoners of the British In
addition, hundreds of Greek leaders, some
of them wealthy businessmen from the U. S. A.
'who went to Cairo to help their country are
now detained in British concentration camps.
Some Greeks actually feel that there is little
choice between German occupation of Greece
and British imprisonment of Greeks, except
that the British feed better.
This tragic situation came about when the
British started training the Greek Army and
Navy in Egypt to fight against their fellow
Greeks in Greece. They were being groomed
to fight against fellow countrymen who have
been consistently and successfully opposing the
It was at this point that the Greek
part of the Greek Army in Egypt
Behind this unfortunate turmoil is the fact
that Prime Minister Churchill insists on keep-
ing King George of Greece on the throne,
despite the opposition of a great majority of
the Greek people. King George presumably
would be amenable tosChurchill regarding
Crete and the Dodecanese Islands after the
Result is there are two Greek Governments-
the Greek Government-in-exile, headed by
the King, and the Greek Government-in-
Greece. The Greek Government-in-Greece
includes all Greek political factions, has put
up a miraculous fight against the Nazis, now
controls such a large part of Greece that
Allied officials can enter by ship, tying up
at the docks in broad daylight.
INSTEAD, however, the British attempted to
get the Greek Government-in-Greece to com-
promise with the Greek Government-in-Exile;
and to that end, arranged a conference last
spring in Lebanon. Premier Alexander Svolos
of Athens started for Lebanon to represent the
Greek Government-in-Greece. But while he
was en route, the Greek Government-in-Exile
changed Premiers, replacing Sophocles Veneze-
los, son of the former liberator, with George
Papandreou. The Greeks in Greece considered
Papandreou such a Quisling that they sent word
to Premier Svolos not to sign any agreement with
the Greeks in exile without communicating back
to the Government at home.
However, when the British were asked .to
transmit this 'message to Premier Svolos in
Lebanon, British Minister Rex Leeper tore it
up. It was never delivered to Premier Svolos.
As a result, he did sign an agreement in Leba-
non. But when he got back and found that
the British had failed to deliver the message
asking him not to sign, the Greek Govern-
ment-in-Greece refused to be bound by the
Since then, Foreign Minister Eden has declar-
ed in the House of Commons that the Greeks in
Greece have refused to live up to their signature
to join with the Government-in-Exile.
Would Fight For Crete
One thing the Churchill group in Britain
fears-and there is a lot of opposition to Chur-
chill among the British people on this question-
is that the railroads, public utilities and water
works built in Greece with British capital will
be confiscated by the present anti-King George
Government-in-Greece. They know also that
the present Greek Government would never give
Crete to Churchill.
As Premier Svolos expressed it: "If an
Anglo-American army comes in with the idea
of keeping Crete, we will fight against you as
we never fought against the Germans. We
fought the Turks in the mountains of Greece
for 500 years, and we will do the same against
(Copyright, 1944, United Features Syndicate)
SATURDAY, AUG. 19, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 34-S
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&U- A-4- - A Asia "__-
Campus Servicemen . .
IT IS difficult to believe that John
Muehl can have been a soldier
without learning that criticism such
as his, although leveled at only three
men, will result in the lenalizing of
every man, regardless of his behav-
I'm getting a little weary of the
sneers that are directed at soldiers
who are attending schools and col-
leges. Do the authors of disparag-
ing comments, like Mr. Muehl's, ever
pause to think who these men, are
and how they came to "college?"
Mr. Muehl need not "resent" call-
ing them "soldiers." They are
soldiers, every last one of them. They
are men whose numbers have been
called and who .gave up coipfortable
homes just as the next fellow did.
Many of them were in the Army be-
fore Pearl Harbor, some have served
overseas, some are fathers, many are
husbands. Most of them were well
on the way to much more adequate
incomes than are provided by the
Army, even in Ann Arbor. The "col-
lege training" they are now getting
will have little future value for most
-RUE, they are more comfortable
than they might be in regular
Army camps, or than they will be
when they get overseas. Every one
of them knows it, because with the
exception of the personnel of just
one company, they have all been
thru basic training and the hardship
incident to the change from civilian
to military life. Their lives have
been just as greatly disrupted as
those of any other group of service-
men. The one company that has
never lived under actual Army con-
ditions is the ASTPR which is com-
posed of seventeen year olds who
volunteered a year before they would
have been called.
And why are these soldiers here?
Because the Army sent them, as it
sends any GI, wherever the Army
feels they will be of greatest service.
These are the fortunes of war. Would
Mr. Muehl have them refuse to com-
ply with the order and demand a
foxhole? Unfortunately for all of us.
Mr. O'Malley, my Fairy Godfather,
Swill be here soon. l hope. gird-I
By Crockett Johnson
Oh, yes. lt's'ascinating, but- 1
ist en! Do you hear footsteps? I
Perhaps 1 am.. . The dangerous
mission O'Malley has planned
Well, how are you intrepid
adventurers tonight, eh?