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August 19, 1944 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1944-08-19

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WEATHER
Continued Cool with Fresh
Breezes

VOL. LIV No. 34-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN SATURDAY, AUG. 19, 1944

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Patton

Breaks German

Grip

on

France

, __

Schedule Is Revised'
The new revised University schedule for next year, released
yesterday, is as follows:
End summer term..............................Saturday, Oct. 21
Examination period .................. Monday-Saturday, Oct. 16-21
Graduation exercises.. .,......................Saturday, Oct. 21
Fall term begins.............................Wednesday, Oct. 25
Orientation week............Wednesday-Wednesday, Oct. 25-Nov. 1
Registration..................Monday-Wednesday, Oct. 30-Nov. 1
Dental classes begin............................Monday, Oct. 30
All other classes begin ................. . .... . Thursday, Nov. 2
Thanksgiving............................ Thursday, Nov. 23 or 30
Christmas recess... ..,Friday evening, Dec. 22 to Thursday, Dec. 28
Examinations ...................... Saturday-Saturday, Feb. 17-24
Commencement ................................. Saturday, Feb. 24
Spring term begins ............. ........... .. Wednesday, Feb. 28
Orientation week .......... Wednesday-Saturday, Feb. 28-March 3
Registration ....................... Thursday-Saturday, March 1-3
Classes begin..............................Monday, March 5
Memorial Day ................................ Wednesday, May 30

Examinations.... .............. .
Commencement .................

....Saturday-Saturday, June 16-23
................Saturday, June 23

i

Hull Accepts
Dewey Man
GOP Advisor Will
Aid in World Plans
WASHINGTON, Aug. 18-()-
Gov. Thomas E. Dewey today pro-
posed and Secretary of State Hull ac-
cepted direct participation of Dew-
ey's foreign relations adviser in Am-
erican preparations for organizing
postwar world security.
This dramatic turn of political
events in the background of Big Four
security talks beginning here next
week was immediately interpreted in
diplomatic quarters as strengthening
the United States' position.
John Dulles Named
Dewey had wired Hull earlier today
suggesting that John Foster Dulles,
who probably would be his secretary,
of state if Dewey is elected president,
confer with Hull on postwar foreign
policy.
The Republican nominee's move
followed a Hull news conference
statement yesterday that he would
be glad to meet with Dewey or any-
one else who came in a mood of co-
operation rather than one of political
partisanship.
Hull Answers Dewey
After' receiving Dewey's telegram
today, Hull responded with this mes-
sage:
"I am immensely gratified to re-
ceive your assurance of bi-partisan
cooperation in the effort to establish
lasting peace.
"I shall be delighted to see Mr.
Dulles and to confer with him on any
date or dates convenient to him."
Dulles is regarded as a recognized
part of the new Republican leader-
ship, and while there is no evident
intention of making him a part of
the delegation, Hull's and Dewey's
decision to count him in on current
developments evidently strengthened
their mutual pledges of bi-partisan
cooperation.
FDR Approves
Unified Forces
WASHINGTON, Aug. 18.- (P)-
President Roosevelt said today there
is general agreement on the need
for post-war merger of the Army and
Navy into a single department under
unified command.
But nothing will be done about it,
he said at a news conference, until
after the war.
The President did not elaborate,
but his comment indicated that op-
position to the idea, largely within
the Navy, has been overruled at the
top command level.
Truman, in an article in Collier's
magazine, said evidence obtained by
the special Senate committee of
which he was chairman showed a
division of power and function in the
field, competition in procurement of
essential materials, rivalry in claim-
ing credit for new developments and
wastage and conflict inimical to effi-
cient conduct of the war.
Norman Thomas To
Talk at Saline

Reds Ga in
31 Miles
Silesian Defense
Lines Weakened
LONDON, Aug. 18-(;P)--Russian
troops have advanced 31 miles on a
75-mile front west of the Vistula
River in a surge threatening to snap
the Axis Warsaw-Krakow line guard-
ing the approaches to German Sile-
sia, Premier-Marshal Joseph Stalin
disclosed tonight in a order of the
day.
. Sandomierz, west bank stronghold
110 miles below besieged Warsaw,
was captured by Marshal Ivan S. Ko-
nev's First Ukraine Armies, the ot-
der of the day said. The Russians
previously had been reported within
35 miles of Krakow and within 75
miles of German Silesia.
Nazis Burn Villages
This smash through Poland toward
highly industrialized German Silesia
occurred as Soviet Naval fliers said
that German troops retreating into
East Prussia, far to the north, now
were burning their own villages along
the border in the path of Russian
forces whose spearheads already
might be fighting on Reich soil for
the first time in the war.
Three German divisions of 30,000
to 45,000 men were trapped north
of Sandomierz, the Daily Russian
communique said, and 21 additional
villages were seized. Mop-up opera-
tions against the pocketed Germans
already have begun.
Attacks Repulsed
East of Praga, big Warsaw indu-
strial suburb, the Russians were said
to have repulsed enemy infantry and
tank attacks and in a number of
sectors went over to counterattacks.
The Russians last were reported
within 11 miles of Warsaw, where
bitter street fighting continued be-
tween Germans and Polish patriots.
The possibility of another big So-
viet army coming into action on the
Romanian front was suggested by a
Berlin high command communique.
saying that Russian attempts to cross
the lower Dnestr river were repulsed.
This apparently occurred between
Tiraspol and the black sea where the
Dnestr flows within 225 miles of
Bucharest, Romanian capital and the
Ploesti oil fields.
Soviet gains also were made north
of Krustpils in Latvia, but Moscow
acknowledged a slight German wedge
being driven in Russian lines west of
Siauliai in northern Lithuania.

7th Nears
Toulon in
Dual Drive
One Column Within
Six Miles of Base
By The Associated Press
ROME, Aug. 18.- American and
French Seventh Army troops drove
against Toulon both along the coast
and 20 miles inland in a threatening
flanking movement behind the great
naval base today while a wave of
American medium bombers hit and
set fire to the French battleship
Strasbourg which the Germans had
been using as a coastal fortress in
the harbor.
Column Nears Sollies
It was officially disclosed tonight
that one of Maj.-Gen. Alexander M.
Patch's swift-moving columns surged
into the vicinity of Sollies Pont, only
six miles northeast of Toulon, while
far to the north another spearhead
punched into the area of Brignoles
20 miles almost due north of Toulon
in anoutflanking drive..
The 26,500-ton Strasbourg, partly
submerged when the French scuttled
their own fleet at Toulon in 1941, was
sought out by B-25 Mitchells. Sev-
eral direct hits were scored and fires
and explosions were caused by the
bombs, crewmen reported.
Although partly dismantled, the
Germans had used her guns to bom-
bard the Allied troops.
Casualties Only 300
Headquarters announced the
known American assault casualties
for the southern French invasion
were only 300, an almost incredibly
low figure, and said 7,000 German
prisoners had been taken in a count
still far from complete.
Headquarters announced the drives
inland had brought capture of a sec-
ond Nazi general in two days, and
said this general professed amaze-
ment at the news of the Normandy
and Brittany campaigns in the north
and the German reverses near East
Prussia.
The 7,000 prisoners taken probably
numbered fully half of the original
enem force which faced the Allied
invasion waves today.
Defenses Crumbling
German defenses crumbled in
many sectors, and as yet the Nazis
had mustered no big scale resistance.
There was no indication of what .the
hard-presseddNazi Command might
be able to do to reinforce its fast
fading units for a real stand.
Operetta To Le
Given Twice
Two performances of "The Choco-
late Soldier;" the final production of
the Michigan Repertory Players of
the Department of Speech, will be
presented at 2:30 and 8:30 p.m. to-
day at the Lydia Mendelssohn Thea-
tre.
Prof. William Revelli of the School
of Music is the director of the Uni-
versity Orchestra for the operetta.
Dorothy Feldman plays the leading
role of Nadina Popoff, and Jack
Secrist, the male lead, Lt. Bumerli.
Others in the cast include Lucille
Genuit, Worth Mallory, Charles Ben-
jamin, Albert Richards, Mary Craig-
miles, Eileen Blum, Byron Mitchell
and a large chorus of men and
women.
Prof. Valentine Windt is the direc-
tor of the production.

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Ver R
sY__- - oches .BOURGES
AMERICANS SMASH ON TOWARD PARIS-Arrows indicate main
Allied drives in France following capture by Americans of four key
cities of Dreux, Chartres, Chateaudun and Orleans in the advance on
Paris. Germans said Americans had reached St. Arnoult. Canadians
took Falaise and St. Pierre.
Groups on Campus Asked To
Fill Large Blood Bank Quota

Allies Near Paris,
Tjrap Nazi" Forces
Enemy Diverts Bulk of 15th Army From
Coast To Avert Normandy Disaster
By The Associated Press
SHAEF, Saturday, Aug. 19-The bulk of the German 15th Army
guarding the north French rocket coast has been thrown into an eleventh
hour attempt to avert a Normandy debacle and has gone down to a defeat
that may spell an Allied victory in the battle for France, it was disclosed
officially last night.
Mighty Allied forces were driving the beaten 15th and Seventh Armies
toward the all but bridgeless Seine, and Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's tanks
smashing to the vicinity of Paris-only 12 miles away by German accounts
-had blocked off their retreat toward the French capital.
The surging lines were developing*

Four hundred and fifty blood don-
ors must be registered Monday
through Saturday to fill the largest
quota ever assigned to the Univer-
sity, Sandy Perlis, USNR, chairman
of the drive, said yesterday.
Organizations To Be Contacted
Campus organizations will be con-
tacted by the central committee, Pa-
mela Watts and Jim Platte, Perlis
said, and arrangements made for do-
nating blood as a group. Among the
FDR Advocates
Post-War Youth
Pot a c r7Training Plan
WASHINGTON, Aug. 18-(IP)-
President Roosevelt said today public
opinion should be gradually formed
on the idea of offering a year's post-
war training-both military and civil
-to 1,000,000 or 1,250,000 youths be-
tween 17 and 23.
He told a news conference that ex-
cellently built service camps in the
United States, Alaska, the Aleutians
and elsewhere-capable of housing
5,000,000 men-could be utilized for
the purpose.
He said it would not constitute
compulsory military training, but
some civilian training, including vo-
cational and stenbgraphic courses to
prepare young men for civilian jobs,
some of them in the government ser-
vice.
Saying he personally has studied
the matter and that it warrants pub-
lic study, the Chief Executive said
such training would teach youths
the special art of living together in
groups, and also teach them clean-
liness and discipline.

organizations to be contacted will be
the Interfraternity Council, the foot-
ball team, the Women's War Coun-
cil, Sphinx, Inter-Racial Association,
Post-War Council, Men's Glee Club,
and Michigan Dames. Michigan
Youth for Democratic Action was the
first organization to volunteer.
Bob Chapin, a veteran of World
War II, who recently returned to
the University, commenting on the
drive said: "I know how much it
means, and speaking for the thou-
sands of men whose lives have been
saved by blood plasma and for the
thousands of men whose lives will be
saved, I can only urge that the stu-
dent body and the entire University
back the drive with their complete
cooperation."
"This quota of 450 pints is only a
minor fraction of the blood already
given in the field of battle by Univer-
REGISTRATION FOR BLOOD
BANK
Special Booth at Center of
( Diagonal
Monday through Friday, 9 a.m.
to noon, 1 p.m. to 2:15 p.m.
Saturday, 9 a.m. to noon.
Social Director's Office in League
Monday through Friday, 9 a.m.
to noon, 1 p.m. to 2:15 p.m.
Saturday, 9 a.m. to noon.
Student Offices in Union
Monday through Friday, 3 p.m.
to 5 p.m.
Servicemen will be registered in
the East and West Quadrangles at
a time which will be announced
by their respective headquarters.
sity students alone," he said, "but
whether the blood is given here or on
the fronts or in both places, it takes
us that much closer to victory."
Unit Will Be At WAB
The Mobile unit will be stationed
at the Women's Athletic Sept. 14 and
15 and donors will be excused from
class the hour of their appointments
by Assistant Dean E. A. Walters of
the literary college and Dean Ivan C.
Crawford of the engineering school.
Red Cross requirements make it
necessary for persons under 21 years
of age to obtain the consent of their
parents before registering as donors.
Ten weeks must elapse between each
donation; therefore individuals who
gave blood in the August bank are
not eligible this month.

a great enveloping movement west of
Paris, where a senior British officer
disclosed the Germans had rashly
committed roughly half their crack
15th army.
This was the first intimation that
Field Marshal Gen. Guenther Vo
Kluge had brought across the Seine
important elements of his army
guarding the channel coast and the
rocket roosts to try to extricate the
already battered Seventh from the
pitfalls of Normandy.
Dutch, Belgians Included
Americans, British, Canadians,
Poles, Dutch and Belgians-the last
two disclosed for the first time to be
in action-were in hot pursuit of the
estimated 40,000 to 100,000 enemy
troops who had squeezed from the
Normandy pocket with the bulk of
their tanks and were heading toward
Rouen.
The staff officer declared their of-
fensive power was spent, that from
here on these German forces were
capable only of rearguard action, and
that in winning the batte of Nor-
mandy the Allies will have won the
battle of France.
Two Armies Along Coast
Both the Seventh and 15th-The
only striking force the Germans had
Nazis Prepare
Population for
Shock of Defeat
Vichy Men May Be
Sent to 'Safer Place'
LONDON, Aug. 18-G(P)-Nazi pro-
paganda -agencies began preparing
the German people for the shock of
wholesale flight-on the eastern
front pattern-from large sections of
France today and announced that Lt.
Gen. George S. Patton's armored
spearheads had already reached with-
in 12 miles of Paris.
The early removal of the puppet
French government to some place
safer than Vichy was hinted at on
the German foreign office.
The German Agency Transocean
said Patton's main thrust was along
the "high road leading to Versailles,"
a western suburb of Paris.
Hope For Miracle Weapons
Hitler's personal newspaper Voel-
kischer Boebachter frankly said the
German Army would pull out wher-
ever necessary to "maintain op-
erational freedom" and to keep the
forces in being until miracle weapons
could "change the whole aspect of
the war."
The paper said, "this final goal
is more important than holding on
to French towns and departments."
More Withdrawals Suggested
The Transocean military commen-
tator Ludwig Sertorius said that "the
strategy of German defense will be
changed or already has been chang-
ed" as a result of rapid Allied ad-
vances between the middle Seine and
middle Loire rivers.
This comparison with the collapse
of the eastern front suggested that
the Germans were preparing with-
drawals on a much vaster scale than
the retreats thus far.

along the Atlantic wall--were esti-
mated to have had up to 25 divisions
at D-Day.
Half of the 15th Army, it is esti-
mated, was thrown into the lost bat-
tle of Normandy in the last two
weeks and has been badly mauled.
Replacements brought in to guard
the channel are believed to be low
grade and spread all the way through
the Low countries.
(The/United Nations radio at Al-
giers said 400,000 Germans had been
AN ADVANCED COMMAND POST
IN NORMANDY, Aug. 18.- (P)--
Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower and his
field commanders conferred this af-
ternoon as Allied patrols pushed to-
ward the Seine, and momentous de-
cisions are believed to have been
made.
The supreme commander emerged
tight lipped from a lengthy session
at the field headquarters of Lt.-Gen.
Omar N. Bradley. With him were
Map.-Gen. K. W. D. Strong and
Maj.-Gen. R. R. Bull, ranking offi-
cers on his staff in charge of intelli-
gence and operations, respectively.
put out of action in northern France
and 60,000 more were surrounded in
the ports of Brittany.)
Versailles Reports 'Unconfirm'
Supreme Headquarters, lapsing in-
to silence to mask possible new light-
ning blows, found occasion to an-
nounce officially that it was "unable
to confirm" earlier reports that Amer-
ican forces were near Versailles, seven
miles outside Paris.
It did report, however, that Ameri-
can forces had widened their bridge-
head over the Eure River both north-
east and southeast of Dreux, only 20
miles from the Seine, a drive which
apparently prompted the Germans to
check their rush toward Paris and
veer north toward Rouen.
FDR To Confer
With Churchill
WASHINGTON, Aug. 18-(R)-
President Roosevelt told reporters to-
day that he expected to have another
conference with Prime Minister
Churchill soon, but would not be-
come more specific as to the date.
At a news conference the presi-
dent elaboratied somewhat on his re-
cent remark that Germany and Ja-
pan would be occupied regardless of
whether they surrender before be-
ing over-run by Allied troops.
He said there was a rather gen-
eral understanding with Russia and
Britain on the question of occupy-
ing Germany, although all of the de-
tails cannot be planned in advance;
and added in response to questions
that it would be just as easy to reach
an understanding with China for oc-
cupation of Japan.
Aircraft Plants
Cut Produetion
WASHINGTON, Aug. 18-(AP)-Am-
erica's losses in heavy bombers have
been so much less than anticipated
that production is being cut back
gradually and 294,000 workers will be
laid off in the aircraft industry by
next July, Major Gen. Oliver P.
Echols said today.
At the vast Ford Willow Run plant
in Detroit a reduction of 50 per cent
will be effective by December, said
Echols who is assistant chief of air
staff.

SKY FIREWORKS:
Fiery Object Seen in Midwest
Believed To Have Been Meteor

INDIANAPOLIS, Aug. 18-(AP)-A
fiav.hi -h .-pdfnhnv bpn

agreed generally that the object's di-
r~n --nswsar. and it noccr-

s.

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