THE MICIGAN -DAILY
THURSDAY, AUGUST 17, 1944
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Defeatism Blocks Democracy
Edited and managed by students of the University
of Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Stucent Publications.
Jane Farrant . . . Managing Editor
Betty Ann Koffman , , . Editorial Director
Stan Wallace . . City Editor
Hank Iantho . . . . . sports Editor
Feg Weiss . . . Women's Editor
. . _
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Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
NIGHT EDITOR: KATHIE SHARFMAN
Edtorias published in The Mihigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
#nd represent the views of the writers only.
1HE SECOND Allied invasion of France came
without the many extras and prayers for
D-Day success'fanfare, that accompanied the
June landings, nevertheless the news was greeted
with enthusiasm and hope. Just where other
beachheads and fronts will be established is still
the well-kept secret of the military authorities
although the Bay of Biscay and the Adriatic
Sea offer interesting possibilities.
Defeat of the German armies without addi-
tional invasions had been forecast in two
months. With the breakthrough in northern
France and the expected junction- of the two
main forces it is possible to think of the end
of the war in Europe in terms of weeks and
Coupled with this is the recent Russian blitz
which struck out 350 miles in six weeks. The
next moves along the eastern front, according
to Max Werner, PM's military analyst, will
certainly complete the conquest of Estonia and
Latvia and go ahead through Warsaw to Ger-
many. Whether that approach, the middle
route through Krakow with its munitions and
industrial centers or the Yugoslavia-Romania
underthrust will be used will be apparent after
the Russian offensive again gets underway. The
Wehrmacht forces will discover this only too
The Allies are moving in for the final push
with a steady and unrelenting advance.
- Dorothy Potts
HE HUMID weather was soon forgotten last
night when the curtain went up on the final
0fAering of the season of the Michigan Repertory
Players in conjunction with the School of Mu-
The responsive first-night audience witnessed
A refreshing and sparkling presentation of Oscar
'trauss's "The Chocolate Soldier." The role of
singing actor or actress is a difficult one, but
this performance was a manifestation of gen-
leral competence in that medium.
Lucille Genuit was especially notable for her
interpretation of Cousin Mascha. Her natural
-ease on stage coupled with a vocal flexibility
not too conspicuously marred by weakness won
ler the plaudits at least of this reviewer.
Of course, the most pleasing voice was that
of Dorothy Feldman whose singing of the
Trite but melodic "My Hero" in the first act
revealed the skill she was to display from then
Qn. Although a trifle windy in spots, her
voice rang with power and agility in the
higher ranges. Her slightly stiff manner-
isms gave one the impression that she swas
a little ill at ease, but these were well com-
pensated by her interpretive tonal ability.
If the Aurelia of Mary Craigmiles would have
chortled less and utilized her singing quality to
better advantage, her lovely contralto voice
would have been appreciated that much more.
EACH OPERETTA must have a comedian or
two. The entertainment offered by a buffo
artist is always enjoyable and Charles Ben-
jamin was not disappointing in that capacity.
Eis creation of the comical character of Colonel
Popoff is so characteristic of Viennese operetta
By ANN FAGAN GINGER
1 HE WORLD is not a hopeless
mess . . . and it is not lacking in
any sore of positiveness. There are
parts of living which are good and
beautiful, and which can last as long
as we fight for them, and which will
perish as soon as we stop fighting.
Because the world is not all gay,
should we therefore bemoan its sad-
ness until we have convinced our-
selves-emotionally as much as intel-
lectually-that there is no hope for
mankind or for ourselves as indi-
viduals? And more, should we so
interpret our difficulties that they
become identified with those of but
a single group?
All peoples have fundamentally the
same problem. Jews, Poles, Chinese,
Irish, Hindus and Moslems, Germans,
Japanese . . members of minori-
ties living in fear of pogroms, mas-
sacres, discrimination, intimidation,
segregation, murder, riot. Their
problems are basically no different
from those of just ordinary citizens
of the globe, Americans and Eng-
lishmen and Dutch. And the reason
they have to fear getting kicked
around is that these common prob-
lems are not solved, and too few
people are working too unrealistically
in attempting to solve them.
j unemployment, insecurity, pov-
erty, illiteracy, war were banished
from this Twentieth Century, race
hatred and subjection of nations
would be also, and the positive as-
pects of living could take their prop-
er preeminent place.
But these things exist, people say.
And they will always exist. And as
long as they exist, there will be class
tensions and race hatred and scape-
goatism and maladjustment of large
percentages of society.
Yes, they exist today. Does that
mean that they will necessarily
exist tomorrow? More than that,
does their existence give you, a
citizen of this nation and of the
world, the RIGHT to sticl your
head in a hole, or run away to
what you think is a refuge, when
you are one of the people who
recognizes their existence, and
wllo has some 'ideas about their
solution? The theory on which
suicide is considered a crime
against the state is legitimate, and
intellectual, organizational suicide
is also a crime, against the state,
AND AGAINST YOURSELF.
Knowledge, when it leads to disil-
lusionment which ends in despair
and negative-defeatism, is a bad
thing. Knowledge, when it leads
from disillusionment to experimenta-
tion and planning, is a good thing.
We can, to a certain extent, use
knowledge either way. If we use it
to immerse ourselves further and
further in the sorrows of the world
until we feel that we should be suf-
fering because the rest of the world
is suffering . . . if we use it in this
way, we are useless to ourselves and
But if we use learning to see the
problems, to plan solutions, and
THEN, to organize all those who are
victims of existing conditions into
groups willing to combat defeatism
as well as the status quo: then we
have accomplished something essen-
tial to our happiness and to the hap-
piness of all future generations.
ENOUGH of generalities. There are
things to be done. By students.
By faculty. By Administration.
Right here. In Ann Arbor. Right
now. This summer and this fall.
The first should by now be obvi-
ous to anyone interested in a posi-
tive future: elect Roosevelt president,
and trounce Dewey and his backers
sufficiently so that the theories of
keeping the people in the political
dark and defeating the will of the
people (on soldier-vote, on anti-poll
tax bill, on Murray-Wagner-Dingellj
social security bill, on $25,000 salary
limitation) will not again be put be-
fore the American people. Register
and then vote yourself, and get your
landladies and roommate$ and de-
partment heads and uncles and ne-
phews to register and vote . . . for
And when you vote, vote for the
right people, and against the Mich-
eners and Fishes and Hoffmans who
can not represent citizens in a dem-
Then, START TALKING. To
anybody who will listen. Don't be
belligerent, but there are many
things citizens need to talk about
these days. About the growing
anti-semitic, anti-Negro, anti-un-
ion, anti co-operative propaganda.
Get in debates, and argue over
your bridge games. . . that's what
you're supposed to do in a country
where admittedly the government
rests in the hands of the people.
After that, start making changes
... little ones at first, but changes
nonetheless. Get rid, of "restrict-
ive, covenants" and racial clauses in
the leases on your real estate. Find
out about the problems of the groups
and classes to which you do not now
And on campus, make Democracy
an actuality by choosing student
members of administrative boards,
with voices and votes. Set up a new
student council, with authority and
student backing, to handle student
affairs now taken care of by non-
students who, by their nature, can-
not understand as fully what we
want and why. Reinstitute spring
parleys, and make them mean some-
thing. We may have left some things
out, but the fundamental idea is this:
start being a citizen, and stop being
a sad-eyed, beer-drinking defeatist in
a nation that was built on the
people's will, and will fall if the
people don't think, don't care, won't
latest Paris Creation
Dewey Succeeds at Parley
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-Tom Dewey isn't talking
about it, but the men closest to the GOP
Presidential nominee believe he has already
squeaked through the most difficult part of his
campaign in good shape.
With Election Day still 12 weeks away; Dewey
has revitalized the party organization, smoothed
out most of the wrinkles in-the GOP elephant's
hide, laid the groundwork for a fireball cam-
Although it isn't generally known, cautious
political heads around Dewey were vigorously
opposed to the St. Louis GOP Governors' confer-
ence. They were afraid too many cooks would
spoil the soup; that Dewey might stub his toe;
offend some of them.
When Dewey said he wanted to meet with the
25 other Republican Governors all at once, some
of his brain-trusters threw their hands in the
air, begged, pleaded with him not to do so.
However, Dewey and sharp-thinking, smooth-op-
erating Herbert Brownell, his campaign man-
ager; were determined, pointed out that the
GOP Governors had to be reached at the start
of the campaign if the national organization
was to work efficiently.
Most anxious moment came in a St. Louis
hotel suite when national photo agencies asked
Dewey and Bricker to pose separately with
each of the other 24 Governors. It was neces-
sary to line up the other Governors, have
them step into the picture one by one for ,
more than two hours. During this time,
Dewey's aides almost had fits. The room
looked like a barber shop, with Governors of
half the 48 States lined up cafeteria style,
waiting their turn.
However, Dewey kept his wits about him, took
time for light conversation with each Governor
as he sat down, ran through the ordeal in
ONE BONER committed by the Dewey camp on
the St. Louis trip won't be repeated-the
farce about Dewey not using special trains.
Fearful of public opposition to use of a special
train, Dewey had his train described as the
"advance section" of a regular train, giving the
impression that a couple of cars were merely
added to a regular train to accommodate his
Real fact was that Dewey used a nine-car
special, completely occupied by himself, staff
members and correspondents. Gov. and Mrs.
Dewey had a special car to themselves. There
was a work car for staff, work car for corre-
spondents, special dining car, four Pullman
cars for staff and newsmen, plus a baggage
car. Schedules were made to accommodate
the candidate. Result was that hundreds of
people along the way, hoping to board the
"advance section" of a regular train, found
theAtrain occupied entirely by the Dewey party.
NOTE-There is no reason why Dewey should-
n't have a special train. ODT. has given full
permission, says it will not hurt the war effort.
Roosevelt uses a long special on all trips, in-
cluding "non-political" war-plant inspections.
,FOLKS who think Tom Dewey is simon pure
when it comes to bosses should have been in
Albany to watch the "unbossed"'New York GOP
machine choose candidates for U. S. Senator
and the State judiciary.
Fact was that Dewey pulled a "Roosevelt,"
kissed off a candidate pretty much as FDR
bounced Henry Wallace. Here's what hap-
Veteran progressive Republican W. Kings-
land Macy, whom the OldGuard hates, had the
inside track to the Senate nomination. Macy
told all comers he had the nod from Dewey,
was even moving ahead with plans for his actual
Before Dewey left for St. Louis, he invited
Macy to the Executive Mansion, told him in
best FDR fashion how much he liked him,
what a great contribution he could make to
the nation. Macy left smiling' broadly, even
twitted Boss Ed Jaeckle, State chairman, about
having won out despite Jaeckle's opposition.
However, when Dewey returned from St.
Louis, GOP machine bosses Jaeckle, John
Chews and Tom Curran nut on the heat,
demanded that Dewey drop Macy. Dewey
knuckled under, finally got Macy on the
phone, summoned him hastily to the Execu-
"You're a swell fellow," Dewey told Macy,
"but you haven't been shaking hands with
the right people."
Result was Macy agreed to bow out.
Choice of Machine Leaders
Next, Dewey called in his old friend Thomas
J. Curran, New York County Republican leader
and former colleague of Dewey's in the New
York U. S. attorney's office, where both worked
as assistant prosecutors.
"Tom," Dewey said, "you're going to be the
candidate for the Senate."
"But I don't want it," replied Curran, "I
don't like Washington. I'm not sure I'm a big
enough man for the job."
"You've got to take it, Tom," replied Dewey.
"You've got to take it for the sake of the
(Copyright, 1944, United Features Syndicate)
THURSDAY, AUG. 17, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 32-S
All notices for The Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
Summer Session, in typewritten form
by 3:30 p. m. of the day preceding its
publication, except on Saturday when
the notices should be submitted by
11:30 a. m.
Labor Day: Monday, Sept. 4, Labor
Day, will be a University holiday,
except for Army instructional units
in which special orders are issued.
F. E. Robbins
Seniors: College of Literature, Sci-
ence and the Arts, Schools of Educa-
tion, Music and Public Health: Ten-
tative lists of seniors for September
and October graduation including
candidates for the Certificate in
Public Health Nursing have been
posted on the bulletin board in Rm. 4,
University Hall. If your name does
not appear, or, if included there, it is
not correctly spelled, please notify
the counter clerk.
Robert L. Williams
Recommendations for Departmen-
tal Honors: Teaching departments
wishing to recommend tentative Aug-
ust graduates from the College of
Literature, Science and the Arts and
the School of Education for depart-
mental honors should send such
names to the Registrar's Office, Rm.
4, University Hall, by noon Aug. 30.
Recommendations for tenative Octo-
ber candidates should be in the Reg-
istrar's Office by noon Oct. 25.
Robert L. Williams
To Members of the Faculty of the
Summer Session: Should you desire
to attend the breakfast for the can-
didates for the Master's degree Sun-
day morning, 9 a.m., at the Michigan
League Ball Room, you may purchase
tickets in the Office of the Summer
Session, 1213 Angell Hall. The price
is 75 cents.
Attention Hopwood Contestants:
All manuscripts for the summer con-
test must be in the Hopwood Room
this Friday by 4:30 p.m.
R. W. Cowden,
House Presidents: Turn in tickets
and money for the I.F.C. dance to the
office, Rm. 306, Union, on Monday
afternoon, Aug. 21, between three
Students, Gollege of Engineering:
The final day for DROPPING
COURSES WITHOUT RECORD will
be Saturday, Aug.-26. A course may
be dropped only with the permission
of the classifier after conference
with the instructor.
W. J. Emmons, Secretary
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for REMOVAL OF
INCOMPLETES will . be Saturday,
Aug. 26. Petitions for extension of
time must be on file in the Secre-
tary's Office on or before Wednes-
day, Aug. 23.
Next Monday, Aug. 21, Professor
Oscar Lange, University of Chicago,
will speak on "The Soviet Union in
World Politics" at 4:10 p.m. in the
Rackham Amphitheatre. The lecture
is open to the public free of charge.
On Tuesday, .Aug. 22: Professor
Preston W. Slosson will present his
last in a series of summer lectures
entitled "Interpreting the News.',
4:15 p.m., Rackham Amphitheatre.
The public is cordially invited to
. Academic Notices
Bacteriology Seminar: This morn-
ing at 10:30 a.m. in Rm. 1564 East
Medical Building. Subject: "Report
of Research Work on Influenza Vir-
us," by Dr. J. B. Sarracino. All inter-
ested are invited.
The Regular Thursday Evening
Record Concert will be held in the
Men's Lounge of the Graduate School
at 7:45 p.m. The program will consist
of Beethoven's Egmont Overture, De-
bussy's Nocturnes, the "Surprise"
Symphony of Haydn, and Les Pre-
ludes of Liszt. These programs are
held every Thursday evening for the
benefit of graduate students, service-
men, and their guests.
Carillon Recital: Percival Price,!
University carillonneur, will present
a recital on Friday, Aug. 17, at 7 p.m.
The program will include music by
Vivaldi, Schubert and Chopin.
Band Concert: Sunday evening,
Aug. 20, at 7:30, the University Band,
under the direction of William Rev-
elli, will present an outdoor concert
on the steps of the Rackham Build-
ing. In case of rain, the concert will
be given in Hill Auditorium. The
public is cordially invited.
Student Recital: On Tuesday eve-
ning, Aug. 22, at 8:30, the School of
Music will present a program of
string quartet music, given by the
students of Mr. Gilbert Ross's String
Quartet Class. The program will in-
viceman May See in the. Pacific
Area." (Animal Exhibits).
Rackham Galleries: Original water
colors by Soviet children (50 pic-
tures), and Reproduction of Book
Illustrations by Soviet Artists. Cir-
culated by the National Council of
American-Soviet Friendship, New
York. Open daily, 2-5 and 7-10 p.m.,
through Saturday, Aug. 19.
Clements Library: "Army News and
Views in Seven Wars." American
military publications, particularly of
the present war.
Architecture Building, First-floor
cases. Exhibitions of student work.
160 Rackham Building.
of the University of
proved themselves worthy of the positive re-
sponses granted them.
Successfully deflating the glorification of mili-
tarism, this musical is an accurate adaptation
of the famous play by George Bernard Shaw,
"Arms and the Man." The coeds on campus
doubtless understood the sympathy of the
women in the cast for the chocolate soldier.
Three women fawn over him, and one marries
the gentleman in question after deserting her
Viennese composers are perhaps the most suc-
cessful in the musical comedy idiom. Oscar
Strauss is one of the better representatives of
this field and may be ranked with such lumi-
naries as Lehar and his contemporaries. It is
fortunate that arrangements for Saturday mati-
nee have been made for "The Chocolate
Soldier." -Kay Engel
There will be a tea at the Inter-
national Center today from 4 to 5:30
p.m. All students, faculty, and towns-
people are cordially invited to attend.
For all interested in participating in
informal conversation in French,
Spanish or Russian, there will be
French Club: The last -meeting of
the club will take place today at
8 p.m. in the Michigan League. Mr.
Sami Turan, Grad., will speak on
"La vie des etudiants parisiens."
Group singing and social hour. All
students, servicemen and faculty
people interested are cordially in-
Pi Lambda Theta: Supper meeting
in Russian Tea room at the Michigan
League today at 5:30 p.m. The picnic
scheduled for the last meeting has
Cynthia M. Jones, Publicity Ch.
321 S. Division
Something New Has Been Added:
Ruckus night at the USO. Things
are really going to pop around here
Thursdays. All the wacky games and
stunts you can think of, and all we
can think of as well. For a hilarious
evening. Formality forbidden,
"The Chocolate Soldier," an oper-
etta by Oscar Straus and Stanislaus
Stange, will be presented this eve-
ning, Friday, Saturday and Monday
evenings, Aug. 17, 18, 19 and 21.
There will also be a special matinee
performance on Saturday afternoon,
Aug. 19, beginning at 2:30 p.m. The
School of Music will collaborate with
the Michigan Repertory Players in
this production. Evening performan-
ces will begin at 8:30 p.m., in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre. Tickets
on sale in the theatre box office.
Box office hours. 10 a.m. to 8:30 p.m.
By Crockett Johnson
Good erening, little boy... I was to
meet your Fairy Godfathe herd-I
sOH NV© ,
r tust you have your mother's
permission to embark upon this
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f ' -l
Yes. 1!asked Mom if 1 could
go out in the bouit in) the
cofdec in O'Malley, I