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August 11, 1944 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1944-08-11

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WEATHER
Fair, continued
warm, mild wind.

VOL. LIV No. 28-S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN FRIDAY, AUG. 11, 1944

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Yank Columns Plunge

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Allies Bomb jap Air Fields in Philipp

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FDR, MacArthur Plan
Final Japanese Defeat
Admiral Nimitz, High Ranking Officers
Take Part in Recent Discussions
By The Associated Press
HONOLULU, July 29 (delayed)-President Roosevelt and Gen. Douglas
MacArthur mapped plans for smashing the Japanese into unconditional
surrender at an historic three-day strategy conference here under the,
gently waving palms of Waikiki Beach.
It was the President's first war-time conference with the Southwest
Pacific Commander, whom he greeted with a cordial "It's good to see you,
Doug,#' and together they went over every phase of the far-flung offensive
in the west.
Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, Pacific fleet commander, and other top-
ranking officers took part in the discussions, which ended today and which
were interlarded by a series of in-O-

spection trips that took Mr. Roosevelt
to many parts of this bristling fort-
ress island.
The President arrived three days
ago, on July 26, aboard a new super
cruiser. He left the marine base at
San Diego, Calif., amid the utmost
LONDON, Aug.. 11, Friday-
(R)-Shooting broke out in East
Prussia, West Prussia and the
Danzig area when Nazi SS Elite
guardsmen attempted to arrest
German army officers, the Moscow
radio said early today.
"Many SS men were killed," the
Moscow account recorded here by
Reuters, said.
secrecy, shortly after his radio
speech of July 20 accepting a fourth
term nomination.
He said he will report to the na-
tion at some future date on his trip
to the Pacific, which brought him
into Pearl Harbor ten years to the
day from the time of his last visit.
Franeavilla Is
Captured by.
Poles, Italians
By The Associated Press
ROME, Aug. 10-Polish and Italian
troops attacked the Germans in the
Adriatic sector of the Italian front
today, quickly captured Francavilla
and tonight were nearing the Cesano
river, 40 miles .below Rimini.
In the Allied-held southern section
of Florence, Canadian troops, helped
by 250 Italian patriots, cleaned up
hostile Fascist pockets and lashed out
at snipers.
The Vatican made arrangements to
send food and water to the popula-
tion of Florence, caught between the
Allied and German armies.
The Polish-Italian drive in the
east was headed toward the line of
the Misa River and toward Rimini,
Adriatic city of about 30,000, 69
miles southeast of Bologna.
Allied headquarters said the Ger-
mans had withdrawn their matn
force in the Arno River bend east of
Florence, leaving the Allies in pos-
session of all high ground in that
sector. Only minor operations were
reported on the Fifth and Eighth
army fronts, where Allied troops pre-
sumably were resting preparatory to
an assault against the German Goth-
ic line.
Polish Premier
Leaves Russia
Mikolajczyk Must Unite
Two Rival Regimes
MOSCOW, Aug. 10.-(P)-Premier
Stanislaw Mikolajczyk sped back to-
ward London tonight shouldered
with the responsibility of trying to
weld two rival Polish regimes into
one strong, independent government.
Foreign observers, eager for a so-
lution to the Polish question now
that liberation seems- near, noted
these two developments bearing upon
differences between the government-

.Aircraft Cut
Is Ordered
By Government
Production Change to
Affect 20,000 Workers
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Aug. 10-A sweep-
ing aircraft cutback, affecting Liber-
ator bombers, Commando transports
and Thunderbolt fighters, was order-
ed by the war department tonight to
clear the way for the huge new B-29
and B-32 Superbombers and to re-
lease workers for more critical jobs.-
Twenty thousand workers will be
affected immediately and an estimat-
ed 100,000 more will be laid off by
the end of this year, said the an-
nouncement released by the office
of war information.
The Higgins Industries of New Or.
leans, which lost their Liberty Ship
contract in 1942 before a ship was
built, was cut entirely from produc-
tion of the C-46 Commando trans-
port before a plane was completed.
will continue, and about half the
Higgins' suacontract work on planes
6,300 workers may be retained.
Cutbacks after the first of the
year will take place in Commando
plane production at Buffalo, St.
Louis and Louisville, Ky., but until
that time, expanding schedules are
to be met.
Production of the Liberator will
be reduced at Ford's great Willow
Run plant and at the Consolidated-
Vultee Aircraft Corporation in San
Diego.
A reduction of presently unknown
depth will be made in the sub-con-
tract' work for the P-47 Thunder-
bolt fighters done by Goodyear at
Akron, Ohio, OWI said.
Fresh Fields'
To le Staged
Agrain Tonight
Maida Ruth Steinberg plays one of
the leading roles in "Fresh Fields,"
Ivor Novello's comedy, which will be
presented at 8:30 p. m. today at the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Mary Jordan is cast as Lady Lilian,
Don Mullin portrays Tim, and Geor-

Raid First
Since Fall
Of Islands
Liberators Hit Jap
Airstrip at Davao
By The Associated Press
GENERAL HEADQUARTERS,
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC, Friday, Aug.
11-Allied aircraft have bombed Jap-
anese airdromes at Davao, on Minda-
nao island in the Southern Philip-
pines, headquarters announced to-
day.
This was the first bombing of the
Philippines since the fall of Corregi-
dor 27 months ago.
Liberators hit the Nipponese air-
strips at Davao on three success-
sive nights, ending the night of
Aug. 8-9, the announcement said.
Mindanao, the main southern
island of the Philippines, is within
bombing range of newly-acquired
American bases in the Schouten
Islands, off northern Dutch New
Guinea. It is little over 600 miles
north of the latest American beach-
head at Sansapor, on the extreme tip
of New Guinea.
All enemy resistance had ended
along the bitterly-contested Driniu-
mor River battle front in British
New Guinea.
Japanese casualties in this area
were estimated at 18,000 during
bitter fighting which began July
12 with Nipponese attempts to
break Allied encirclement.
The effectiveness of tifle Japa-
nese 18th Imperial army has been
"destroyed," the announcement
said. F
Remnants of the 18th army, once
estimated at 60,000 men, were trap-
ped by American landings at Aitape
last April. Jungle rigors and disease
cost the enemy at least an estimat-
ed 15,000 men before Gen. Hatazo
Adachi's survivors began their break-
though attempts.
Yanks Bomb
Jap Industries
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Aug. 10 - The
Superfortresses of America's 20th
bomber command, lashing at the
vitals of Japan's war machine, struck
simultaneously today at targets 3,500
miles apart-the enemy homeland
port and industrial center of Naga-
saki and the great oil refining area
of Palembang on the island of Su-
matra.
The targets of this strategic mis-
sion of huge scope are among the
most important in enemy territory.
The Pladjoe oil refinery at Palem-
bang is the largest in the Orient, and
is believed to have been operating at
or near its prewar capacity of 18,-
000,000 barrels of crude a year. It
is an important source of aviation
gasoline.
Yank Submarines
Rip Jap Shipping
WASHINGTON, Aug. 10-(IP)-
American submarines have ripped
another big gap in Japanese ship-
ping lines, destroying an enemy war-
ship and 15 merchant vessels on
their latest forays into Nipponese
waters.
The sinkings, reported by the Navy
today, brought to 839 the number of

Japanese craft sunk, probably sunk
or damaged by the submersibles.

-Daily Photo by John Horeth
CALLED A DISGRACE TO MICHIGAN-A candid shot of part of the camnpus in front of the library
gives some reason why visitors to the campus have left with a bad impression. Campus organizations
-The Women's War Council and the Michigan Union-are planning a "clean up" program and urge
"every student to make sure he is not responsible for littering the campus with refuse." They ask is this
the campus beautiful?I

FOURTH STATE CENTER:
Rapid Cure for Venereal
Disease Offered to Patients

Ann Arbor's second Rapid Treat-
ment Center for the cure of venereal
disease was formally opened yester-
day making available to indigent
patients the new fast cure of from
seven days to two weeks.
This Rapid Treatment Center, one
of four in the state, and the only
one under the direction of the state
Board of Health, will introduce
,methods of treatment which will
shorten the period of venereal di-
sease treatment. It is also hoped
that with the experience gained at
the Center, the incidence of the di-
sease will be cut down.
Speakers during the opening as-
sembly included Dr. William De-
Kleine, state health commissioner,
and Col. Udo J. Wile, consultant at
the Center, and in charge of all
venereal disease work for the United
State Public Health Service. Col.
Wile is on leave from the University.
Approximatelyv150 doctors and
nurses from all over the state attend-
ed yesterday's meetings and were
shown about the Center. The capa-
city of the clinic is from 100 to 125
patients, though at present only 57
are being cared for because of the
nurse shortage. It will be operated
for indigent patients only and will
be supported by federal funds for the
duration.
Dr. DeKleine explained that the
prime purpose of the center is to
prevent the spread of venereal di-
sease which medical science is just
beginning to harness. He added the
hope that operations of the center
will prove valuable enough for the
state to support it after federal funds
run out after the war.
Dr. Noble Guthrie, acting director
of the Bureau of Venereal Disease in
the State Health Department and Dr.

Nelson W. Ryan, medical officer in
charge of the center also spoke at
the assembly yesterday.
The treatment which will .be used
at the center will mean that syphil-
lis patients can be cured in two
weeks. Those suffering from gonorr-
hea -can now be cured in seven to
10 days.
U.S. Loss in
Guam Conquest
Is Set at 7,247
PEARL HARBOR, Aug. 10.-()-
The reconauest of Guam cost 7,247
American casualties, of whom 1,214
were killed in action, Adm. Chester
W. Nimitz announced in a communi-
que today.
Nimitz said 10,971 Japanese dead
have been counted on Guam. This
brings to 37,551 the total Nipponese
killed in ground fighting during the
Marianas campaign.
Earlier, Nimitz announced that the
last organized resistance on Guam
was wiped out yesterday. The finale
came after a 20-day battle, and the
Nipponese were overcome without
being able to try a final suicidal
counterattack which has marked
such battles as Saip an.
The Pacific commander reported
that 5,704 Americans were wounded
and 329 missing during the cam-
paign on Guam. Less than half the
losses on Saipan, although the new-
ly-conquered area. is three times as
large as the first captured Marianas
island.
On Saipan, the American casual-
ties were 3,049 killed, 13,049 wound-
ed and 365 missing.

Russians Gain
On All Fronts
East Prussia Periled
By Pincer Movement
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Aug. 11, Friday-Rus-
sian troops, attacking a bitterly-
resisting enemy near the Niemen
River in Lithuania, yesterday drove
another spearhead to within 11 miles
of the German East Prussian border.
while other Red Army units far tc
the southcrossed the historic Narew
River in a gigantic pincers move on
that imperilled Nazi province.
Reds Outnumber Nazis
Berlin said a battle of "very great
proportions" was raging on the East
Prussian front, and again declared
that the reinforced German armies
were "greatly outnumbered" by thi
Russian legions.
Of equal gravity to the Germans
was the Soviet extension of a huge
Red Army bridgehead across the
Vistula River south of Warsaw. Mos-
cow's communique announced the
cutting of the Sandomierz-Kielce
highway with the capture of Lagow
20 miles east of Kielce, and 30 miler
beyond the Vistula-last Axis water
barrier before Germany itself.
60 Towns Are Seized
With the seizure of 60 more locali-
ties in this key area the Russians
now occupy nearly 1,500 square miles
of territory beyond the Vistula and
are within 75 miles of German Sile-
sia. They are threatening to collapse
the enemy communications network
between besieged Warsaw and Kra-
kow, German-held bastion in south-
ern Poland, while other Red armies
clean out a. big area northeast of
Warsaw, between the Polish capital
and the southern side of the East
Prussian border.
Opatow, junction town midway be-
tween Kielce and Sandonierz, also
was threatened by Russians columns
which seized Modliborzyce.
Transit Guard Is
Cut in Philadelphia.
PHILADELPHIA, Aug. 11, Friday
-(A)-The Army announced early
today that some of the armtd guards
would be removed immediately from
properties and vehicles of the seized
Philadelphia Transportation Com-
pany.

Doughboys
Veer South
To Orleans
Battle For Paris Is
On, Nazis Report
WAR NEWS AT A GLANCE
By The Associated Press
France-Battle for Paris has be-
gun. Bradley's forces veer off
toward Orleans. Another column
rolling toward Tours and one tow-
ard Chartres. Aerial warfare con-
tinues.
Pacific-Superfortresses strike at
Japan and Sumatra. Last organ-
ized resistance on Guam wiped out.
Roosevelt and MacArthur meet in
Honolulu. Allies bomb Jap air-
dromes on Mindanao in southern
Philippines.
Russia - Reds drve forward
against bitterly resisting enemy in
Lithuania. Also extend bridgehead
across Vistula river south of War-
saw.
Italy-Polish and Americans at-
tack Germans in Adriatic sector.
By The Associated Press
SHAEF, Friday, Aug. 11-Lt. Gen.
Omar N. Bradley, whose armored
columns were striking toward Char-
tres and the last 50-mile defense
zone west of Paris, suddenly sent one
force veering off in the direction of
Orleans early today, threatening to
flank the French capital from the
south.
"The battle for Paris has begun,"
German broadcasts declared as the.
Swift-moving Allied forces rolled
toward the historic city's outer de-
fense lines.
Nearing Orleans
(NBC reporter David Anderson,
broadcasting from a rolling Allied
transmitter in France, said the drive
already had reached within 30 miles
of Orleans with the "Americans at
this moment" attacking Chateaudun,
70 miles from Paris.)
Yet a third American column was
believed rolling south toward Tours,
18 miles southeast of Le Mans on the
Loire River, possibly in support of
,ther forces which have stabbed
hrough mine-fields and thin resist-
unce to Nantes and Angers, farther
iownstream on the Loire.
Penetrate Chartres Defenses
The columns pressing due east
toward Paris were deep into the
"hartres defense zone, which guards
the last 50 miles to the capital.
There still was no evidence that Lt.
Gen. Bradley's forces had met re-
,istance, or that the Germans were
intending to put up any sort of a
tand on the north bank of the Loire,
earring the way to southern France
In the drive on Orleans, the Amer-
cans were heading for the gap be-
tween the Seine and Loire rivers south
of the capital, possibly in an attempt
to head off ten German divisions re-
aorted fleeing northward from south-
west France.
WLB Orders
Workers Back
At Chevrolet
WASHINGTON, Aug. 10-(P)--The
War Labor Board (WLB), sharply
critical of a strike of 7,000 war work-
ers over the dismissal of seven, to-

night ordered a four-day walkout at
the Chevrolet plant in Detroit ended
immediately so production of vitally-
needed aircraft engines, heavy trucks
and tanks can be resumed.
Walter P. Reuther, international
vice president of the United Auto-
mobile Workers, said he would fly to
Detroit promptly, and arrange a
mass meeting in the Cass High
School Friday at 7 p. m. in an effort

RESISTANCE WIPED OUT:
Japanese Run for Lives on Guam

PEARL HARBOR, Aug. .-
The American reconquest of Guam

American marines and infantry
were engaged in mopping up small
enemy groups that had fled into the

anas to be conquered, where the
Japanese fought to the last, exact-
ing the highest American casual-

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