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August 09, 1944 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1944-08-09

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___________________________________________________________ I I

Fifty-Fourth Year


Failures of Secondary Education

Edited and managed by students of the University
of Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.

Editorial Staff

Jane Farrant
Betty Ann Koff man
Stan Wallace
hank- Mantho
iee Amer

Managing Editor
Editorial Director
. . City Editor
. . . . Sports Editor

W ELL OVER ninety per cent of
our citizenry never receive more
than, if as much as, a complete sec-
ondary education. It would then
seem apparent that the high schools
of America deserve our closest scru-
tiny and our most solicitous care.
They have had neither.
Most of the learned disputes en-
gaged in by educators are concerned
with university curricula, the pur-
poses of "higher" education, or kin-
dergarten methodology. These are
worthy questions to discuss, but their
bulk is incommensurate with their
This is true because our coun-
try is not ruled by an intellectual
aristocracy. Every grade school
graduate who exercises his fran-
chise is a part of the government.
The least schooled individual is
as powerful politically as the most
schooled individual.
It thus becomes obvious that the
high school, by virtue of its mass
productivity and the strength of that
mass in a democracy, merits. much
closer attention than it has hereto-
fore received
Concentration upon this area of
education is all the more important
because it is in the 'teen ages that
most people form their life-long
points of view.
It is my opinion that if the reac-
tion is normal, the present system
will continually work to the detri-
ment of the society it helps create.


THESE schools are the slipshod
breeding grounds for callousness
and materialism of a sort that would
have made Niccolo Machiavelli clap
his hands with joy. No one could
doubt this who has seen the way
in which democracy is preached one
moment and disallowed the next; or
the sickening passivity accorded our
loft of ideals; the subordination of
knowledge to marks, of wisdom to
misleading manifestations of it; the
presence of intellectually under-
nourished teachers; and the "noth-
ing sacred" attitude all that engend-
ers in young minds.
Much has been said in recent
years against the elective system.
American colleges should return to
a less flexible curriculum in the
liberal arts according to critics of
the Hutchins-Adler stamp. They
say students are not able to choose.
the subjects most needed. This is
certainly true in many cases. How
can a student select the correct
courses for himself, when as most
unhappy freshman English in-
structors have learned he is ex-
ceptional indeed if he knows how
to read!
The deplorable fact is that most
entering freshmen are illiterate. Im-
mense cobwebs of infantile misirifor-
mation have to 'be cleared away be-
fore the educational process can
begin in college.
The marking system, bad any-
where, is especially disadvantageous

Business Staff
Business Manager

in secondary education. (It may be
noted, by the way, that this univer-
sity once abandoned that system--
and unfortunately resumed it years
later.) Marks are to the young: per-
son what money is to the adult: a
false standard of success. How suc-
cess of this sort is attained we do
not much care. Stan Wallace some
Sundays ago, wrote with alarm about
the increase of cheating on campus.
I am sure its in picayunish next to
what goes on in the average high
A FEW years ago, when most of
of us were being innocently victim-
ized "Scholastic" magazine-the of-
ficial high school publication report-
ed that less than nine per cent of the
pupils of the United States, by their
own admission, felt any qualms about
cheating. That is to °say, the means
of succeeding scholastically count for
nought with these youngsters.
Yet how many of us were forced to
hear pedagogical piffle about hon-
esty being the best policy! Upon
graduation from high school, the ma-
jority of young people step into adult
life. Can you imagine what would
happen 'if they transferred the val-
ues they were taught in school to the
remainder of their lives? Too often
they do, and values are set up in di-
rect contradication to the ones we
claim are American.
Any bill of particulars against
secondary schools would take hours
to recite. For instance, there is a
subergence of the supernormal and
a neglect of the subnormal child
under a system that recognizes the
necessity for segregation along-
these lines,'but does next to noth-
ing about it.

Telephone 23-24-1

National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publisbers Representative
420 MADitom AvE. NEW YORK. N. Y.

Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
vecond-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Post-War News
WITH the ultimate outcome of the war in
sight, an extensive plan for the free flow of
foreign news after the war should be formulated
by the Allied Nations.
A good start along this road has already been
imade by the European Advisory Council which
is considering a draft for the free transmission'
of news in Germany after the war. This is ample
evidence that the Allies realize the importance
of keeping the world informed on the important
issues which will arise in the post-war era.
A proposal for a free channel of foreign
news should include two obligations. First,
provision should be made for the rapid and
inexpensive transmission of news through a
world communication system. Second, the
rigid system of censorship and the barriers to
free news reporting should be removed.
Any plans for a solid foundation for peace in
the post-war world must give serious thought
to the important role in uncontrolled flow of
news can play in the shaping of international
good will and understanding. The distortion
and suppression of news can only result in sus-
,picion and ill-feeling among the nations of the
world. - Neva Negrevski


. . .. ... . l:M1 .iy .t-*ti: , .. ; - = -'-r" ..rs"_"' ._: -h.= 7 ,..... °irarsx
fir.-,:e':= . ~t..,-- 9 R;. - ,fiv..-., ., r^'r +'"' .. n e-, - r. -.aM+ .Y-.-"'.' ,f+ Ri
. -

Strengthen the Bars

etllCP to the &d'ocitor

A Reply to My Critics ...
AS A BRIEF REPLY to the objections raised
by Mr. Blue, Mr. Ando and Mrs. Akiya to
my letter which appeared last Wednesday, I
will simply say this, that if Mr. Akiya's record
shows that he is a true friend of democracy
and of China, (as I believe it does, according
to Mrs. Akiya's letter), I am perfectly willing
to revise my opinion of him. It is quite pos-
sible, as Mr. Ando suggested, that I had mis-
understood Mr. Akiya's attitude toward China
through his failure to transmit his ideas clear-
ly. If that is true, I shall of course not quarrel
with him, since it was not so much his English
which irritated my ear as what I thought he
was trying to say, or intimate, about China.
In closing, I wish to thank all three of my
critics for having taken the trouble to dis-
cuss, criticize and clarify my notions about
the Nisei, and they have in their discussions
given me some valuable pieces of information
concerning the relationship between the Jap-
anese-Americans and the Chinese.
- Celia Hwaguen Chao

E's Granted for Errors?

WASHINGTON, Aug. 8.-The row inside the'
War Production Board over peacetime conver-
sion is basically between big business and little
business, but some interesting personalities have
come back to Washington and taken unique
sides in the fight. One is Sidney Weinberg, part-
ner in the giant investment banking firm of
Goldman-Sachs of New York.
Essentially, the big manufacturers, such as
General Motors, Du Pont, General Electric and
Curtiss-Wright, which have secured the great
bulk of war business, want to hold up peacetime
conversion until they can finish their war orders.
They don't want other firms to get a head start.
Their friends inside the War Production Board,
led by charming Charles E. Wilson, efficient
head of General Electric, have fought tooth and
nail for this position.
But WPBoss Donald Nelson maintains that
little companies which don't get the breaks on
war orders should be given a chance for at least
some peacetime orders.
Several weeks ago, Wilson suggested 'to
Nelson that an old friend, whom both of
them could trust, wanted to come back to
Washington-namely, Sidney Weinberg. Nel-
son gladly acquiesced. Weinberg, a director
of Nelson's old firm, Sears-Roebuck, had help-
ed him during the early WPB battle with the
Army. A former sleuth in naval intelligence
during World War I, Weinberg used to be
known as Nelson's hatchet man.
But in his recent tour of WPB duty, Weinberg
has sided with big business and Nelson's oppon-
ent, Wilson. He has been battling vigorously
against his old friend Don.
Realizing what a hot spot he had got into,
Weinberg was complaining the other day to
John Lord O'Brian, War Production Board
general counsel and former Republican candi-
date for senator from New York.

store and almost timidly asked for matches. The
clerk handed him a pack of paper matches.
The little Marine hesitated, then handed them
"Oh, I want the long wooden matches," he
said. "I am afraid of these-they burn my
The clerk stared contemptuously. He as-
sumed this was just another swivel-chair
officer. What he did not know was that the
mild little man was Brig.-Gen. Oscar Ray
("Speedy") Cauldwell, who led the "Fighting
Third" Marines in the initial landing at Bou-
gainville and in the battle of the Gilberts.
Wounded in both World Wars I and II, little
"Speedy" Cauldwell has the reputation among
enlisted Marines as one of the best "fighting
men" in the Marine Corps.
"E" for Errors?
Navy Department officials aren't saying any-
thing about it, but they have received several
complaints from workers in war plants who
want to know why the armed forces are making
a farce of the Army-Navy E awards. The Navy
is actually granting E's to companies found
guilty of war frauds against the Allies.
Fact is, Anaconda Wire and Cable got its
third Army-Navy E award July 17, although
officials of one of the company's plants had
been indicted and convicted for sending faulty
copper wire to the Russian army. The court
record showed that this wire was for com-
munication between units of the Red Army,
but was completely faulty. Once it had been
put to use on the Eastern Front, it might have
cost thousands of Russian lives. Yet, despite

Drama Review..-
THE DAILY'S review of the drama "Journey
to Jerusalem" has driven me to take my
sword in hand to slice a couple of inches off the
hard heel of the critic, Bernard Rosenberg. It
seems to me that way back in the eighth grade
we learned that a critic should retain a partially
open mind and feel it his responsibility to pre-
sent a fair review. B. R. does not have the one
and has not done the other! .--
In the first place, there is a simplicity of theme
in this play that is characteristic of Maxwell
Anderson. Perhaps he does not mean to sway
his audiences, of which there are many, with
dramatic curtain lines; perhaps his aim is to
present a picture in the fine brush strokes of
color, tone, line and feeling. And if that was
Mr. Anderson's aim, then I believe that he
accomplished his purpose, as perhaps he always
The cast seemed to understand this even if
Mr. Rosenberg did not. For Where in the
entire presentation did any one character
overplay or underplay their lines? The set-
tings, the lighting effects, the costumes were
excellently chosen. The characterizations were
as wel done by those women as they could
have been done by men. Thinking back over
the productionas a whole, I recall only one
voice that was outstandingly feminine; and
even in that instance the physical delineation
was superb. There is real talent in this group
of dramatists and it has not been hidden here.
I have been fortunate enough to have seen
many of the productions that have appeared
on the stages of New York and Chicago the past
ten years, and I can say truthfully that "Journey
to Jerusalem" as presented by Michigan Reper-
tory Players was well done and inspiring. There
were several periods during the evening in which
the acting, lighting, scenery and dramatic situ-
ation were so perfectly combined as to make my
body tingle with emotion.
Ann Arbor theatre-goers feel fortunate to
have had this fine production and the Michigan
Repertory Players may justly be proud.
- Mathilda Thompson
these convictions, Anaconda continues to win
Navy E's for excellence.
Here's the story of Jim Farley's trip to the
Democratic convention. He was primed and
loaded with ammunition to upset a fourth term.
But en route, he met former Mayor John Dur-
kan of Scranton, Pa., a long-time friend and
counsellor of Farley's, a man who has dined
with the President, wined with kings, and who
once saved Farley a small fortune by advising
him not to get mixed up in the old Pierce-
Arrow Company, which subsequently went to the
Durkan, travelling with Jim, prevailed upon
him to hold his peace and his tongue. So con-
vincing did the former Mayor put it, that Jim
wrapped up his tirade and just sat looking and
listening at Chicago.
(Copyright, 1944, United Features Syndicate)

VOL. LIV No. 26-S
All notices for The Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the 1
Summer Session, in typewritten form ]
by 3:30 p. m. of the day preceding its
publication, except on Saturday when ]
the notices should be submitted by 1
11:30 a. m.
There is a very urgent need for
more Dailies for the men in service.
Please send all copies after they have!
been read to Mrs. Buchanan in the
University Museum.
Colleges of Literature, Science and
the Arts, and Architecture and De-
sign; Schools of Education, Forestry,
Music and Public Health: Summer
Session students wishing a transcript
of this summer's work only should
file a request in Rm. 4, U.H., several
days before leaving Ann Arbor. Fail-
ure to file this request before the end
of the session will result in a needless
delay of several days.
Robert L. Williams
Assistant Registrar
Seniors: College of Literature, Sci-
ence and the Arts,,Schools of Educa-
tion, Music and Public Health: Ten-
tative lists of seniors for September
and October graduation including
candidates for the Certificate in
Public Health Nursing have been
posted on the bulletin board in Rm. 4,
University Hall. If your name does
not appear, or, if included there, it is
not correctly spelled, please notify
the counter clerk.
Robert L. Williams
Assistant Registrar
City of Detroit Civil Service an-
nouncement for Junior Art Curator,
has been received in our offices. For
further details stop in at 201 Mason
University Bureau of Appoinilments
and Occupational Information
Students, Summer Term, College
of Literature, Science and the Arts:
Courses dropped after Saturday, Aug.
12, by students other than freshmen
will be recorded with the grade of E.
Freshmen (students with less than
24 hours of credit) may drops courses
without penalty through the eighth
week, upon the recommendation ofj
their academic counselors.l
Exceptions to these regulations
may be made only because of extra-
ordinary circumstances, such as ser-
out illness. E. A. Walter
There will be a Mortarboard meet-
ing this evening, Aug. 9, at 7:30 in
the League. Anyone who cannot at-
tend this meeting should contact
Bette Willemin at 21528.
Varsity Glee Club serenade to-
night, Wednesday. Meet at Glee
Club Rooms at 9 p.m. All members
are urged to attend, as the club has
several invitations from sororities.
There will be a House President's
meeting of the Inter - Fraternity
Council tonight, Aug. 9, at 7:15 p.m.

This week, daily through Friday,;
Aug. 11: Professor Charles B. Shaw,
Librarian, Swarthmore College, will,
present a series of five illustrated
lectures on contemporary typogra-
phy, "Seeing Things in Print." The
lectures will be held each evening at
8:15 p.m., in the Rackham Amphi-
theatre. Everyone is invited to attend..
This evening: Miss Elba Molina of
Puerto Rico will speak (in English)
on "Where Two Civilizations Meet-
Puerto Rico," at 8 p.m., Kellogg
Auditorium, under the auspices of
the Latin-American Society and the
International Center.
Thursday, Aug. 10: Mr. Shih Chia
Chu of the Library of Congress Ori-
ental Section will present his last in
a series of lectures on Chinese Civili-
zation. The title of his lecture will
be "China Today and Tomorrow,"
4:10 p.m., Rackham Amphitheatre.
The public is cordially invited, admis-
sion free.
Thursday, Aug. 10: Professor Nic-
olas Slonimsky of Cornell University
will present a lecture recital with
demonstrations on the piano, on
"Soviet Russian Music" at 8:30 p.m.,
Rackham Lecture Hall. The public
is cordially invited to attend free
of charge.
Friday evening, Aug. 11, at 8 in
the Assembly Hall of the Rackham
Building, Mr. Nicolas Slonimsky will
meet students informally to discuss
and illustrate the music of Soviet
Russian composers. Students who
wish to ask questions or engage in
discussion are invited to attend.
Academic Notices
Students in Speech: An assembly
of the Department of Speech will be
held at 3 p.m. today in the Rackham
Amphitheatre, when a program of
group and individual readings will
be given.
Language Examination for the
M.A. Degree in History: Candidates
who intend to take this examination
on Friday, Aug. 11, at 4 p.m. in Rm.
C, Haven Hall, should sign up in the
I History Office.
History 347s-Seminar in Hispan-
ic American History-will meet as
a group on Wednesday, Aug. 9, in
Rm. 315 Haven Hall at 2 p.m.
On Monday evening, Aug. 14, the
School of Music will present a recital
of string quartet music. Theipro-
gram will be under the direction of
Mr. Gilbert Ross, a member of the
faculty. The performers are members
of Mr. Ross's String Quartet Class.
The recital will be given in the As-
sembly Hall of the Rackham Build-
ing at 8:30 p.m.
On Tuesday, Aug. 22, the Univer-
sity Band, under the direction of
Mr. William Revelli, will give their
first concert of the summer session.
The concert will be given in Hill
Auditorium at 8:30 p.m.
V .. 1 7 _ri. __

I realize this condition is seldom
thbe fault of high school administrat-
ors themselves. Zealous budget-bal-
ancers like Tom Dewey slash school
appropriations to the bone-and then
wonder about juvenile delinquency.
The family contributes to the prob-
lem; parent-teacher associations are
not numerous enough.
But, a great deal can be accom-
plished from within by intelligent
revision of an obsolete and injurious
York. Open daily except Sunday, 2-5,
and 7-10 p.m.
Clements Library: "Army News and
Views in Seven Wars." American
military publications, particularly of
the present war.
Architecture Building, First-floor
cases. Exhibitions of student work.
Michigan Historical Collections:
160 Rackham Building. The Growth
of the University of Michigan in
Events Today
French Tea: Today at 4 p.m. in
the Grill Room of the Michigan
Sociedad Hispanica: Those inter-
ested in practicing their Spanish in-
formally will meet for conversation
and refreshments at 4 p.m. in the
League Grill Room today.
Kappa Phi.members of all chap-
ters will meet for dinner in the
Michigan League Cafeteria Alcove on
Wednesday, Aug. 9, 5:30-6:30 p.m.
USO Bulletin: It wouldn't be Wed-
nesday without the Wednesday night
dance at the USO. Each dance is
better than the last. So, naturally,
this promises to be best of all. Make
it a custom to meet the gang at the
USO on Wednesday nights.
"Fresh Fields," comedy by Novello,
will be presented by the Michigan
Repertory Players of the Department
of Speech tonight through Saturday
evenings, Aug. 9-12, in, the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre. Tickets on
sale in the theatre box office. Box
office hours: Monday and Tuesday,
10 a.m. to 5 p.m., for the balance of
the week, 10 a.m. to 8:30 p.m.
French Club: The sixth mieeting of
the Club will take place tomorrow,
Thursday, Aug. 10, at 8 p.m. in the
Michigan League. Mme. Sarah May-
cock, Grad., will talk on "Souvenirs
pittoresques d'une etudiante ameri-
caine en France." Group singing and
social hour. All students of the Sum-
mer Session and the Summer Term
as well as all servicemen are cor-
dially invited to theweekly meetings
of the French Club which are free of
Pi Lambda Theta members will
have a supper meeting on Thursday,
Aug. 10, in the Russian Tea Room
at the Michigan League. The time
is 5:30 p.m. and Dr. Marguerite Hall
will be the speaker.. Allmembers are
urged to attend.

1 - - - - - nr- - - - Y wlf A

By Crockett Johnson
A Iunusual conversationafli!, C#ocI

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