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August 04, 1944 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1944-08-04

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Fifty-Fourth Year

GOP BunglesCampaignIssues

Edited and managed by students of the University
of Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.

THE Republican line is appallingly
shoddy this election year.
Fortunately, few people will be
swayed by it. However, some inde-
pendent voters, if such creatures
really exist, may part company with
Dewey on the basis of what has thus
far been a bungled campaign.
Let us look at a few of the points
under discussion.,
The GOP asserts that Washington
is swamped with bureaucrats, that
their number increases by the day,
and that it is horrified at this un-
democratic development. What it
does not say is that the removal of
bureaucracy in the capitol would
mean the end of Republican influ-
ence upon the executive branch of
the federal government. When the
Republicans raise a cry against
bureaucracy, they unconsciously point
an accusing finger at themselves.
Practically every major bureau
has at its head some faithful Re-
publican Big Businessman who de-
tests the New Deal, the Roosevelt
Administration, Eleanor, liberalism,
and Fala. Dollar-a-year men who
fulminate when FDR is mentioned

are the very ones who make up the
bulk of the bureaucratic influx.
Since Pearl Harbor they have been
coming to Washington in droves.
They occupy the seats where once
long-haired professors hatched their
schemes for America. The number
of government employees hired in
the past two years has multiplied at
an astonishing rate. But the new
administrative boards are composed
largely of long-time anti-Democrats.
THE GOP has hit upon a jingo and
does not know enough to drop
it. Now and then the jingo boom-
erangs and hits General Knudsen or
Bill Jeffers or Leo Crowley in the
face. The truth is warfare has be-
come so complex that everyone's
ability and ingenuity must be en-
listed in the common egort-and in-
dustrialists are no exception.
But, to orate against the re-
election of Roosevelt on these
grounds with one side while whirl-
ing on an OPA swivel chair, issu-
ing governmental edicts with the
other side-as some Washington-
ians are doing-is too gross an
abuse of reason.
For a while Brownell and Co.

Editorial Staff

Jane Farrant
Betty Ann Koffman
Stan Waliace
Hiank Mantho
Lee pAmer

Managing Editor
Editorial Director
City Editor
Bports Editor
Business Manager

Business ,St

Telephone 23-24.1

NatouiMye tisig Service, bIc.
College Pujblislers Representative
4;90,MPjON AVE. N EW YORK, Na. Y.

Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited.to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Zubscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4,50, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the iews of the writers only.


The strologer Gets on yeful

A Four-Bell Movie
"THE NEGRO Soldier", documentary short
produced by the Army Signal Corps, is
playing today at a downtown theatre. The con-
tribution of the Negro soldier in the American
Army has been too often ignored during the
course of this war. Few people know of the
splendid record made by Negro Army units
in France, in Italy, on battlefronts all over the
At a time when racial discrimination at home
is keeping pace with the fight to achieve free-
dom for the world, it is vital that University
students see and comprehend a film depicting a
little-known aspect of Americanism. It is un-
fortunate that the University has not taken
steps to bring this educational film to its stu-
dents However, today, students have an unex-
pected opportunity to see this film, which they
cannot afford to ignore. -Jane Farrant
The People's War
FROM EVERY section of the world we are
daily getting new evidence that this is not
jn ordinary era we are living in, not an ordinary
war we are fighting, not an ordinary election
we are having.
Perhaps the most recent indication that this
war is "different" is the interview which the
New York Times printed Sunday with Shushumu
Okano, leader of the Japanese People's Emanci-
pation League in China. In the interview
Okano discussed the position of the new Japa-
nese Cabinet and expressed the opinion that
"this is a dangerous Cabinet for the United
Nations because its purpose is to preserve the
core of Japanese militarism intact . ..
Okano added that "The United Nations
should re-emphasize the Cairo Declaration,
push on to the destruction of Japanese mili-
tarism and create the conditions for the birth
ofa democratic Japan."
Okano's statement, merely throwing new light
on the situation within Japan, is not unique.
The fact that a Japanese like Okano is whole-
heartedly a supporter of the United Nations is.
T HE ATTITUDE of Okano, leading a group of
Japanese fighting for the United Nations, is
but another sign that this war is indeed a
people's war. The rise of Tito in Yugoslavia as
head of a coalition of the right and the left, the
formation of the Italian Six-Party coalition gov-
ernment, containing elements of varied political
persuasion united only in their opposition to
fascism and their love for democracy-these
were concrete indications before us for some
We can see in this country similar group-
jings of the people themselves (CIO Political
Action Committee, for example) around Presi-
dent Roosevelt for the coming election. And
we see the elements opposing the people's war
uniting in opposition to FDR. When Gerald
L. K. Smith, pro-fascist anti-semite, nominat-
ed Gov. John Bricker, GOP vice-presidential
candidate as his own vice-presidential candi-
date, Gov. Bricker immediately repudiated
lim. Of course, the Republican Party itself,
composed of millions of sincere democratic
Americans is by no means fascist-but because
it has placed itself in opposition to a people's
coalition centered in President Roosevelt, it
has a great attraction for pro-fascist elements
in the country. The anti-labor, anti-Russian
and sometimes anti-semitic elements are all


End ofan Era
NEW YORK, Aug. 3--I had better catch up on
my mid-summer trend-spotting, because
there are a lot of trends going on all over the
place, and we must clear them out before the
fall trends start coming in.
With the defeat of Senator Clark of Mis-
souri in a primary election, I seem to detect
the end of an era. It looks as if the old
orthodox kind of shoutin', stompin' isolation
is about finished. Senator Clark joins Sen-
ator Holman and Senator Reynolds in retire-
This trio may now sit around some sort of
political firehouse, and reminisce about the
old days when theirs was a good business, like
the livery stable line. But it is a dying pro-
fession in which even a top man can no longer
make $10,000 a year.
There is some expectation that Senator Nye
may join their little club, too, along about the
first Wednesday after the first Tuesday after
the first Monday in November. The trend seems
clear enough; we are heading toward the end of
the old school of hush-my-mouth or screaming
meelnie isolation. There is nothing to do but
close the chapter gently,
GIVE YOU NOW, a second mid-summer
trend, and this one also concerns foreign
policy. It is about the appearance of a new
kind of figure on the American political scene.
The Experiment Fails
This new kind of man calls himself an inter-
nationalist, and he is, he really is, but he is an
internationalist all alone, all by himself, in his
own little room. He has almost no contact
with that big wide world with which (he says)
he pants to have us do business.
The voters are going to expect some form
of experimental proof from Mr. Dewey that
he is really an internationalist. Verbal evi-
dence isn't enough. This opens a fascinating
field of inquiry. If a man has -really become
an internationalist, there ought to be some
way to show that, in the life he leads, the
actions he takes, the friends he picks. Wil-
liam James used to say that unless an idea
could be experimentally verified, then it
really wasn't an idea; it was just nothing.
One Seeks an Act of Faith
It is true that Mr. Dewey broke with Rep.
Ham Fish, because of a remark of the latter
about the Jews. But he did not break with Mr.
Fish as an isolationist. So, while we may
gladly accept the incident as an experimental
verification of Mr. Dewey's lack of racial bigotry,
it is no proof of his internationalism.
If a man lives the isolationist life, how can
one tell, by any good old American pragmatic
test, that he is not really an isolationist? I
give you then a rather strange trend toward the
appearance in American politics of what might
be called the isolated internationalist, a figure
curiously cut off from that world of interna-
tionalist activity which (he says) he intends
sometime to embrace,
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)

c,/tier to the &ltor
Because of current newsprint shortages, The Daily
reserves the right when necessary to shorten any
letters submitted for publication which exceed 300
Defense of Akiya..,.
WAS quite pained by the letter published in
the Michigan Daily on Tuesday which ad-
monished us to beware of half-truths--of which
that letter was full. The writer of that letter
not only dealt with half-truths but labors
under the misconception that there exists such
a thing as a national or racial mentality. I
am sure that everyone appreciated being alert-
ed to that "strange phenomenon in the Japa-
nese mentality . . . the Japanese genius for
manufacturing half-truths."
The lecture given by Mr. Akiya on Monday
was an excellent sociological survey of the
problems faced by Japanese-Americans, and
how the rise of prejudice and discrimination
influences their finding a place in American
society. He concerned himself with the prob-
lems of Japanese-Americans and only discussed
events in the Orient as they affected the Japa-
nese-American problems of assimilation. His
discussion of Chinese immigration and Chinese-
Americans was limited to a brief portion of an
objective comparison of the problems of the
various national immigrant groups and their
assimilation into American culture.
The lecture was a scholarly work which,
when documented, is the kind which is pub-
lished monthly by reputable sociological jour-
nals on the problem of American minority
groups. It could not by the greatest stretch
of imagination have been construed to be
propaganda designed to influence anyone's
attitude toward the war in the Pacific.
THE EXACT words of Mr. Akiya, when he
discussed the impact of militaristic and
imperialistic activities and made reference to
the 1931 attack on Manchuria, were "a shame-
ful act of aggression." He told how the Kibei,
like himself, who, when they returned to Japan
from this country, incurred the suspicion of
the military police because of their adherence
to democratic doctrine and loyalty to demo-
cratic institutions, often returned to the United
States to escape the penalty of that suspicion
and to avoid being forced into military service
in China.
The students and friends of the University
of Michigan have and will continue to show
their true spirit of universal goodwill and
democratic tolerance, not only by a show of
goodwill, and tolerance but by their keen and
active interest in the problems of the assimi-
lation of national and racial minorities.
I have made a careful inquiry among my
acquaintances of Japanese-American ancestry
and found no evidence of anti-Chinese feeling,
but rather a deep realization that the problems
of the two peoples related to their integration
as American citizens were similar. They also
told me of their excellent cultural relationships
with Chinese-Americans when many of them
were University students on the West Coast. It

FRIDAY, AUG. 4, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 23-S
All notices for The Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office or the
Summer Session, in typewritten form
by 3:30 p. m. of the day preceding its
publication, except on saturday when
the notices should be submitted by
11:30 a. m..
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence and the Arts: There will be a
meeting of the Faculty of the College
of Literature, Science and the Arts
in Rm. 1025, Angell Hall, Aug. 7,
1944 at 4:10 p.m.
Reports of the various committees
have been prepared in advance and
are included with this call to the
meeting. They should be retained in
your files as part of the minutes of
the August meeting. .
1. Consideration of the minutes of
the meeting of June 5, 1944, pp. 1092-
2. Consideration of the reports sub-
mitted with the call to this meeting.
a. Executive Committee-Professor L.
I. Bredvold. b. Executive Board of
the Graduate School-Z. C. Dickin-
son. c. University Council-No Re-
port. d. Senate Advisory Committee
on University Affairs-J. K. Pollock.
e. Deans' Conference-Dean E. H.
3. Retirement of Assistant Profes-
sor Philip L. Schenk.
4. Committee on Deanship: Profes-
sor J. E. Dunlap.
5. New Business.
6. Announcements.
Edward H. Kraus
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence and the Arts: The civilian fresh-
man five-week progress reports will
be due Aug. 5 in the Office of the
Academic Counselors, 108 Mason
Arthur Van Duren
Chairman, Academic Counselors
The five-weeks grades for Navy and
Marine trainees (other than Engi-
neers and Supply Corps) will be due
Aug. 5. Department offices will be
provided with special cards and the
Office of the AcademicCounselors,
108 Mason Hall, will receive these
reports and transmit them to the
proper officers.
Arthur Van Duren
Supervisor, Navy V-12
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: Attendance report
cards are being distributed through
the departmental offices. Instructors
are requested to report absences of
freshmen on green cards, directly to
the Office of the Academic Counsel-
ors, 108 Mason Hall. Buff cards
seems that Miss Chao projected
the problems of Japanese military
and imperial ambitions into a dis-
cussion of the problems of Japanese-
The last need and desire of the
Americans whose ancestors come from
that "small, pitiful country, Japan,"
is pity. They need during the crises
of war and evacuation a deep under-
standing of their intense desire to be
good American citizens and their
strivings to achieve economic and
social security in this country after
the war.
-John T. Blue

should be used in reporting sopho-
mores, juniors and seniors to 1220
Angell Hall.
Please note especially the regula-
tions concerning three-week absen-
ces, and the time limits for dropping
courses. The rules relating to absen-
ces are printed on the attendance
cards. They may also b found on
page 47 of the 1943-44 Announcement
of our College. E. A. Walter
State of Michigan Civil Service an-
nouncements for Liquor Control Pur-
chasing Agent V, Industrial Inspector
I, and Boiler Inspector II, have been
received in our office. For further
details stop in at 201 Mason Hall.
University Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Information
Today: "China's Hopes and Aims."
Dr. Y. C. Yang, President of Soochow
University. 8:30 p.m., Rackham Lec-
ture Hall. The public is cordially
Monday, Aug. 7: Dr. John Somer-
ville of Cornell University will speak
on "Soviet Russian Education" at
4:10 p.m., min the University High
School Auditorium. The public is
cordially invited.
Monday, Aug. 7 through Friday,
Aug. 11: Professor Charles B. Shaw,
Librarian, Swarthmore College, will
present a series of five illustrated
lectures on contemporary typogra-
phy, "Seeing Things in Print." The
lectures will be held each evening at
8:15 p.m., in the Rackham Amphi-
theatre. Everyone is invited to attend.
Tuesday, Aug. 8: Professor.Preston
W. Slosson will present his weekly
talk on "Interpreting the News" at
4:10 p.m., Rackham Amphitheatre.
Wednesday, Aug. 9: Miss Elba Mo-
lina of Porto Rico will speak (in
English) on "Where Two Civiliza-
tions Meet-Porto Rico," at 8 p.m.,
Kellogg Auditorium, under the auspi-
ces of the Latin-American Society
and the International Center.
Thursday, Aug. 10: Mr. Shih Chia
Chu of the Library of Congress Ori-
ental Section will present his last in
a series of lectures on Chinese Civili-
zation. The title of his lecture will
be "China Today and Tomorrow."
4:10 p.m., Rackham Amphitheatre.
The public is cordially invited, admis-
sion free.
Thursday, Aug. 10: Professor Nico-
las Slonimsky of Cornell University
will lecture on "Soviet Russian Mu-
sic" at 8:30 p.m., Rackham Lecture
Hall. The public is cordially invited
to attend free of charge.
Academic Notices
Zoology Seminar: There will be a
meeting of the Zoology Club on Fri-
day, Aug. 4, at 8 p.m: in the East
Lecture Room of the Rackham Build-
ing. Robert Miller will speak on "The
Fishes of Death Valley."
English 184: Questions for Friday's
quiz will be handed out promptly at
one o'clock, although the quiz is set
up for 50 minutes. R. C. Boys
Preliminary Examinations for the
Doctorate in the School of Education
will be held immediately following
Aug. 28, 29, 30. Anyone desiring to
the close of the Summer Session on
take these examinations should no-
tify Dr. Woody's Office not later than

played with the idea of re-interpret-
ing the Constitution. Because Tom
Dewey has no experience in military
matters, they denied that the presi-
dent of the United States is also
legally the commander-in-chief of
the armed forces. This alarming
notion was propounded in the Re-
publican platform. Seeing that it
fell fiat, the party chieftains as-
sumed a new pose.
"You insist," they said, "that the
president is commander-in-chief. In
that case Mr. Roosevelt is responsi-
ble for the non-preparedness of this
country before December 7, 1941,"
The quotation is an accurate para-
phrase of what David Laurence wrote
in his syndicated column the other
day. As an argument it is laugh-
able ifone's memory serves him at
FROM 1937 on, after his prophetic
Chicago speech, FDR was ungen-
erously and intemperately vilified by
the press for alleged war-mongering.
Every measure he wished to take in
the name of national defense was
greeted by the cat-calls of isolation-
ist Republicanism. The Democratic
Party itself was and is split griev-
ously over domestic issues. But even
the Solid South stood behind inter-
In the international field Demo-
crats were awake. On the other
hand, shortly before the Wehr-
macht invaded Poland, Republican
Senator Borah could tell the world
how he had secret "information" to
the effect that there would be no
war at all.
President Roosevelt had to be cau-
tious. The destroyer deal, lend-lease,
eventually conscription: all these
brought down the wrath of the min-
ority party. No strong preparations
could be made for the impending war
because a recalcitrant group of
Grand Old Partymen would not ad-
mit the existence of a threat. Itris
true that none of the major powers
except Germany and Italy and Japan
actually prepared for World- War
II. But, this country at least, un-
like some of her allies, had as .its
chief executive a man who saw which
way the winds were blowing, who
sought to rouse his people, and suc-
ceeded only after a stubborn oppo-
sition was silenced by the Japanese
attack. Even then, Col. McCormick
and Mr. Hearst insinuated that the
president provoked the Japanese into
aggression against us.
The trouble with die-hards too
oft~en is that they do not die. They
are around twisting facts, distorting
events, retracting statements, mak-
ing new contradictory ones, and giv-
ing their all to oust from the presi-
dency the greatest American of mod-
ern times.
School of Music. Soloists, Bonnie
Ruth Van Deursen, Soprano, and
Harriet Porter, Contralto; organist,
Irene Applin Boice. Russian instru-
mental selections will be rendered by
Elizabeth Ivanoff, violinist, and Ruby
Joan Kuhlman, pianist. Sunday,
Aug. 6, 8:30 p.m., First Methodist
Church. The public is cordially in-
vited to attend.
Carillon Recital: On Sunday, Aug.
6, at 3, Percival Price will present a
varied program of carillon music. The
recital will include compositions by
Mendelssohn, French sacred airs,
songs by Schubert and Godard, and
"Juba Dance" by the well-known
American composer, Nathaniel Dett.
Student Recital: Miss Florence Mc-
Cracken, mezzo-soprano, will present
a recital on Monday evening, Aug 7,
at 8:30, in the Assembly Hall of the
Rackham Building. Miss McCrack-
en's program will include composi-
tions by Brahms, Handel and Monte-
verde. The public is cordially invited.
String Orchestra Concert: On
Tuesday evening, Aug. 8, at 8:30 p.m.,

the University of Michigan String
Orchestra, under the direction of
Gilbert Ross, will present a concert
of music of the 17th and 18th cen-
turies. The program will feature Dor-
othy Ornest Feldman, Soprano, and
Jeannette Haien, Pianist, as soloists.
Mrs. Feldman will sing the Cantata
"Idolo Mio" by Alessandro Scarlatti,
and Miss Haien will play Haydn's
Concerto in G major, No. 2. The
orchestra will present the music of
Vivaldi, Frescobaldi, Mozart, and
Sammartini. The public is cordially
invited to attend the concert which
will be given in Pattengill Auditor-
General Library, Main Lobby. In-
Museums Building: "What the Ser-
viceman May See in the Pacific
Area." (Animal Exhibits).
Clements Library: "Army News and
Views in Seven Wars." merican
military publications, particularly of
the present war.



By Crockett Johnson

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