VEDAMDAV, TMT 14, 1943
TllI~ MICHIGAN '~7~Ti~ VA~i Th~E
Hayden Emphasizes Negro
Culture as True American
Bags Seven Axis Planes
Offered by 'U
Ability, Citizenship To
DIM THE LIGHTS:
Technical Mysteries of Play
Production Revealed by Expert
"A separate Negro culture does not
exist in America," Robert Hayden
emphatically declared in the first of
his series of lectures on Negro his-
tory and culture in the Amphitheatre
of the Rackham Building Monday
These lectures were originally
scheduled in the East Lecture Room,
but because of a larger attendance
than was anticipated, the audience
was moved to the Amphitheatre.
Dobert Hayden stressed the fact
that there is no such thing as Amer-
ican Negro culture. The Negro's
achievements, literature, and arts
are American. To hear true African
Negro poetry one would have to
travel to the Sudan.
Artistic Criticisms Are Biased
"The double standard of artistic
criticism in this country is harmful
to the Negro," he emphasized. The
critics excuse the colored writer's
faults on the assumption that the
work is pretty good for a Negro.
His writings are appraised as racial
commentary and not on the same
standards as the white man's work.
Hayden, author of two books of
poetry, recommends J. Saunders
'Reeding's "No Day of Triumph" as
an excellent American book written
by a Negro.
Historians have only published an-
ti-Negro propaganda for they have
falsified the true history of the Ne-
gro, said Hayden. He pointed to
Stressing the urgent need for more
instructors in the surgical dressing
unit, Jean Whittemore, '44, chair-
man of the unit, announced that the
unit would be open from 1 p.m. to
5 p.m. today and tomorrow.
The houses which are especially
invited to come today are Stockwell,
Alpha Delta Pi, Gamma Phi Beta,
and the Jellema, Freeman, and Bor-
den League houses.
To become an instructor a coed
must put in a minimum of six hours
of work at the unit. If she is ap-
proved by the Red Cross supervisor,
she then assumes the job of teaching
newcomers how to roll bandages and
of inspecting the dressings.
The dressings are inspected twice
before they are packed and are then
sent directly to the medical receiving
units. Just before being used at the
field hospitals, the dressings are
sterilized. Some of them are used
at Army and Navy hospitals in the
U.S. and others are sent overseas to
Africa and Guadalcanal.
Next week the houses that put in
the greatest number of hours will
be announced in The Daily, and also
those which have the greatest per-
centage of participation. This will,
give both large and small houses an
equal opportunity to show their ef-
Muzzey and Woodward, authors of
high school history books as exam-
Historians Ignore Negro's Values
These writers have pictured the
Negro as a naked savage coming to
America as a slave, and then pining
for his lost master after the Civil
War. They failed to mention the
200,000 black men who fought in the
Hayden then traced Negro his-
tory from the dawn of civilization to
the slave revolt in Haiti. He pointed
out that the black men knew the
process of iron smelting, employed
the industrial arts, and wove cotton
long before the Mediterranean civili-
zation existed. "The slave trade de-
stroyed the African culture," added
Hayden, author of 'The Black Spear'
a book to be published shortly.
Slave Revolt 'Talk Is Next
In the next lecture the slave revolt,
Civil War and Reconstruction period
will be presented. After the first two
lectures entitled "Toward a New Per-
spective of Negro History and Cul-
tural Achievement," Hayden will dis-
cuss various phases of literature a-id
conclude the series with the graphic
"The large audience is indicative
of something happening in people's'
minds," Prof. Mentor Williams of
the English department, master of
ceremonies, said. By these lectures
Hayden wishes to promote a better
understanding of Negro problems and
achievements. Suggested reading lists
will be distributed at the lectures and
the books will be on reserve at Angell
Hall Study Hall.
Open to the public free of charge
this lecture series is sponsored by the
To Meet iTod ay
Presenting a program by three
Latin American students, the second
Hispanic Club meeting of the year'
will be held at 8 p.m. today in the
Dr. Jorge Vallarino of Quito, Ecua-
dor, will lecture in Spanish on "The
Republic of Ecuador,-New Tenden-
cies." Following his lecture Dr. Nel-
son Santaio of San Paulo, Brazil will
give a brief talk in Portugese on
scme interesting aspects of his coun-
try. In addition, Senorita Mary San-
tosof Begota, Columbia, will present
several piano selections.
New officers of the Hispanic Club
for the summer term are, Ruth Con-
zelman, '45, president, Edythe Hen-
derson, Grad., vice-president, Carme-
lita Rosasco, Grad., secretary, and
Norman Bernhardt, '44, treasurer.
All students interested in Spanish
and Portugese are invited to attend
Tennis Players To
Register in WAB
By VIRGlNIA ROCK
"All clear, Do2n?"
Be Basis for. Awards "Then, curtain up, dim the house-
Nlights the play is on."
New scholarships which each year Donald Horton, or "Don" as he is
will pay the full tuition of the out- known backstage in the Lydia, Men-
standing graduate of each of Michi- delssohn Theatre is officially the
gan's accredited high schools were technical director for) the Michigan
announced yesterday by the Board of Repertory Players of the Department
Regents.RpioyPaeso h eatet
. . of Speech.
The scholarships will provide the Makesec
student's tuition throughout a nor- He's the man responsible for the
mal four year course in any of the sunlight and fire, for the oil lamps
following fields: liberal arts and sci-
ences, engineering, pharmacy, archi-
tecture and design, education, for--
estry, nursing, music and pre-profes-
sional study for medicine, dentistry.
law and business administration.
The new grants will be given on x
the basis of academic ability, desir-
able personal characteristics, good
citizenship, health ,and need for fi-
nancial assistance in order to attend
High school records, ed 3ational
and psychological tests, app ications :<r
from candidates, personal interviews
and letters from local citizens, in-
eluding the high school principal, a
physician and a University alumnus,
will be used in selecting the appli-
Students Will Enroll in Fall
The first students to enter with
the new scholarships will enroll in'
the University's fall term, Oct. 25. .
Principals of all - accredited high
schools and preparatory schools will DONALD HORTON
have applications for the scholar-
ships. and the moon, for the house lights in
Five University officials: Clark the theatre and all the special "trick"
Tibbitts, administrator; Dr. Theo- effects.
phile Raphael, technical director; Dr. "Lighting for any dramatic pro-
Wilman Donahue, assistant techni- duction is largely a matter of sug-
cal director; and two members of gesting an idea to the audience
the instructional staff representing and letting their imagination do
the College of Engineering and the the rest," he said backstage last
College of Literature, Science and the night.
Arts will manage the scholarship The switchboard, which requires
program.two or three operators, is nine feet
high and about twelve feet long.
LiuSkS Every light in the theatre is con-
JJ trolled from this central spot, located
a half a story above the right hand
On Education __
L~n duca ionside of the stage.
"Education for International Liv- - --
ing" was the topic chosen by Dr.
B. A. Liu, of the Chinese News Ser-
A technician's job' is no simple
matter. On the nights the plays are
presented, the lighting expert is sta-
tioned up on his "catwalk" by the
switchboard. He cannot see the stage
nor the audience. All his cues are
given to him by one of the stage
managers via a flashlight,
The switchboard contains 55 sep-
arate circuts. every one of which
controls different lights in differ-
ent areas of the theatre.
Three rows of levers, distinguished
from each other by the colors red,
white, and blue, axe shoved at dif-
ferent times to achieve the effects
the audience sees on the stage. When
Ellen Creed blew out the oil lamps-
she didn't really blow them out; they
were turned off by the technician
from the switchboard.
Cues Must Be Coordinated
"One of the hardest jobs in this
business is to get cues to the switch-
board and to coordinate the timing
manipulation of the dimmers," Hor-
ton said. "There really is a great
chance for error-especially if some
of the lighters get nervous-and some
of them do just as much as the ac-
tors," he added.
The Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre
has 27 spotlights, a beam projector,
and two floods which control and
light up every portion of the stage.
"The equipment of the Lydia
Mendelssohn is about the best of
any theatre in this section of the
mid-West," Horton said. "For this
reason we are able to achieve some
especially impressive effects."
"Take 'Ladies in Retirement,' for
instance-certain parts had to be
timed just right, as when the sun
faded out, when Ellen Creed came
down the steps to commit the mur-
der, and when Lucy disguised as
Leonora Fiske appeared as an ap-
Still Secondary To Acting
"But, as important as good lighting
is to a play," Horton said, "it is still
only secondary to the acting. Any
lighting that calls attention to itself
and detracts from the drama-well,
it just isn't right," the technical di-
Sgt. Benjamin J. Warmer, of San Francisco, reloads his Flying
Fortress waist gun at Allied Force Headquarters, North Africa, after he
wrote himself into aerial warfare history by bagging seven Axis planes
during an Allied bomber raid on Gerbini, Sicily, July 5. It was one of
the raids which prepared for tne invasion launched by the Allies on
Clothes for All
WASHINGTON, July 13.--UP)-A
production and sales policy program
designed to make rationing of cloth-
ing "unnecessary for the duration of
the war" was announced today by
Chairman Donald M. Nelson of the
War Production Board.
"We need not have clothes ration-
ing in the United States," Nelson said
in a statement accompanying his six-
point plan. "There is an adequate
supply of textiles and textile products
to meet all military and essential
civilian needs. The major problem is
to see that the proper distribution
and use is made."
A salient feature of the broad pro-
gram will be an attempt by WPB to
accelerate output of mass-produced,
low-priced clothing, reversing a
trend in the industry which officials
said has brought about a pronounced
increase in emphasis on expensive
Thurston Will Lecture
On Post-War Education
from 1 P.M.
Those students interested in play- Dr. Lee M. Thurston, Professor of
ing in the WAA tennis tournament Education at the University of Pitts-
should sign up at the W.A.B. as soon burgh, will deliver a lecture on "De-
as possible, Betsy Perry, '46A, an- signs for Post-war Education" at 4
nounced yesterday. p.m. today in the University High
Students should leave their name School auditorium in the School of
and phone number and they will be Education series.
notified when they are to play. I Dr. Irving H. Anderson, associate
In addition, there will be a meet- professor of Education, will speak on
ing of all women who play golf or "Reading Disabilities: Their Nature
are interested in playing golf at 4 and Causation", at 4 p.m. tomorrow
p.m. tomorrow in the lounge of the in the University High School audi-
Wonen's Last Chance
I(o Sign Up Is Monday
The last chance for women to
come out for volunteer work at the
University Hospital will be at the
orientation meeting to be held at
7:30 p.m. Monday in the Hospital
amphitheatre, Mavis Kennedy, '46,
chairman, said yesterday.
The meeting will be addressed by
Miss Karen Dahlberg, Head Nurse of
the Hospital, and Miss Katheryn
Walsh, director of the University
Hospital Volunteer Service. Atten-
dance is compulsory for would-be
volunteers if they have missed the
Miss Kennedy described the pres-
ent turnout by the women as good.
It is not at all improbable that
when the Allies invade Italy the
Church will neet them with open
friendliness, Prof. Preston Slgsson
said yesterday at the Rackham Buil-
cling in commenting on the recent
note President Roosevelt sent to the
In this third lecture of a series of
eight on current events, Prof. Slos-
son of the history department de-
clared that the recent developments
in the Mediteri-anean theatire of war
indicate the definite prospect of an
invasion of the Italian mainland in
the near future.
"The Italian people have no great
enthusiasm for this war although
they are fighting, of course, since
they have no choice, he added.
"We are indeed dealing with the
soft underbelly of the Axis, even
though the Medi terran ean islands
and Italy contain some of the most
rugged fighting country in Europe,"
Prof. Slosson concluded.
These lectures are given at 4:15
p.m. every Tuesday in the Rackham
Prol'f. BairI I To Discuss
'Ilieadtre I)recting 'Ioday
Professor Claribel Baird of Okla-
homa College for Women, a member
of the summer faculty of the De-
partment of Speech, will discuss "Di-
recting in the Amateur Theatre at
the Speech Assembly to be held at 3
p.m. today in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Her discussion will be followed
with illustrations enacted by stu-
dents from the acting classes in the
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
vice, for his talk before the School
of Education Lecture Series audi-
ence, yesterday in the University
High School auditorium.
"Education for international living
will be built upon a new educational
philosophy, and will call for funda-
mental revisions in the materials and
techniques of education," he said.
"One of the immediate prerequi-
sites," he continued, is the prepara-
tion of a new race of teachers who
will possess both the global vision
and the necessarytcompetence for
leadership in the unified brave new
world of tomorrow."
Dr. Liu stressed the importance of
education in the post-war world by
pointing out that, "Education has
been made a tool of national policy
in all countries in modern times. The
ruling powers of each nation have
sought to implant the seeds of their
particular varieties of social, eco-
nomic and political philosophies in
the fertile soil of the minds of their
Students May Sign Up
For Bond, Stamp Sale
Students not already on bond and
stamp sales committees will have op-
portunity to sign up between 11 a.m.
and 5 p.m. today and tomorrow on
the Diagonal, Carol Evanston, JGP
head said yesterday.
More students are needed for a
special carnival committee under
Jean Paty, '44, chariman. The carni-
val will be given on Palmer Field on
1MIXER IS TONIGHT
Informality will be the keynote of
the "Hayloft Swing" as 8 p.m. today
in the W. A. B. for students in the
School of Education. The mixer will
begin with games, followed by square
dancing later in the evening.
During World War I, divers did
much in our battle against the
U-boats, by locating destroyed subs
and taking from them secret Ger-
man codes and other vital informa-
tion. We are using thousands for
the same purpose in this war. Many
War Bonds must be bought to pay
for diving outfits as they cost up to
More wonderful than ever,
because it brings you war-
tinme savings on fashions you
need for summer smartness.
Right now-when you need
a few new dresses, but hesi-
tate to buy them because you
y' fmust buy a bond at least
every payday-we bring you
a sale that will enable you to
buy your war bond - and
Dreses for Misses and Women
Sizes 9-17, 10-44, 16'z26'
Prints - Crepes Sheers - .Bembergs Shantungs
Mesh Spiui Rayons Cot i
(Continued from Page 2)
titled "Photometric Atlas". Anyone
interested is invited to attend.
Engineering Council Meeting: 7:30
o'clock this evening in Room 244
West Engineering Building. Any
membes who is unable to attenn
should call me at 7248.
-D. B. Wehmeyer, Secretary
Professional Laing of the Depart-
ment of Political Science is speaking
for Professor J. K. Pollock, at 4:15 in
the Rackham Lecthre Hall. The
subject of the talk is "The Aims of
the United Nations".
Joint Meeting for Men and Wo-
men in Education at 8 o'clock this
evening at the Women's Athletic
Building. Admission price is ten
French Tea: There will be a
French Tea today at 4:00 o'clock in
the Cafeteria of the Michigan
League Students, men in uniform,
and faculty people are cordially in-
Hispanic Club Meeting: This eve-
ning at 8 o'clock, Michigan League.
Program: A talk in Spanish by Dr.
ing in the Amateur Theatre"
Speech Assembly at 3 p.m.i
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre
American Society of Mechanical
Engineers: The opening meeting of
the summer semester will be held
Thursday, July 15 in Room 318 of
the Union. Pictures of the Michi-
gan-Notre Dame 1942 football game
will be shown. All Engineering stu-
dents (Marines, Bluejackets, Sol-
diers, and Civilians) are invited to
French Club: The French National
Holiday will be celebrated by the
French Club tomorrow evening at 8
p.m. in the Michigan League. Mr.
Pierre de St. Clair will give a talk.
There will be group singing and a
social hour. All students and men
in uniform, as well as faculty people
interested, are cordially invited.
Pi Lambda Theta Guest Recep-
tion: Xi Chapter of Pi Lambda "The-
ta, National Honor Association of
Women in Education, will hold a
Guest Reception in the West Confer-
ence Room of the Rackham Build-
Former values 7.95 to 29.95
Evening and dance dresses included in all groups
(Also MATERNITY DRESSES a $5,00 to $7.00)
...... . ..