'IT V M I HT V A Vfl isAITV
A P r I 'IA.--. ) . - . -.. ...' -
ISUtNDA, JIU-Y11, 1943
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
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regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
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Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
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Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.25, byemail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43
Marion Ford , Managing Editor
Bud Brimmer . . . . Editorial Director
Leon Gordenker . . . . . City Editor
:Rarvey Frank . . . . . Sports Editor
Ed Podliashuk , . . . Columnist
J. M. Flagler . . . . Columnist
Mary Anne Olson . . . . . Women's Editor
Jeanne Lovett . . sot .Business Manager
Molly Winokur . . Associate Business Manager
NIGHT EDITOR: CLAIRE SHERMAN
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Invasion? Nope! Just-
Step it Right Direction
"THE BATTLE OF AFRICA is over; the Battle
of Europe has begun." Thus, the Allied in-
vasion of Sicily was dramatically announced.
Actually, however, these words are in error.
The battle of Europe did not begin Saturday,
July 10, North Africa time. The Allies have
been travelling the road to Berlin ever since
their first offensive action-their first Com-
mando attack, or air attack on the Continent.
Just as the capture of Pantelleria and Lampe-
dusa gave us stepping stones to Sicily, so will
the conquest of Sicily give us another stepping
stone to Europe. But it still remains that
Sicily is not the mainland, nor is this cam-
paign the actual invasion. It is a step in the
Allies process of gradually tightening the noose
around the Axis neck.
Aside from 9,860 square miles of . land to be
gained, the chief value of the Sicilian campaign
will come from its great worth to Russian and
Chinese morale. Neither of these countries will
be directly aided except by the knowledge that
Uncle Sam, by undertaking to fight on two fronts
Sicily and New Georgia-at once is intent on
using the might of his armies to the fullest ex-
tent. The hard-pressed, patient Russians will
find solace in the ever-growing nearness of Al-
lied armies to the heart of the hub of Europe-
Berlin. - Bud Brimmer
Anti-Strike Law Must
Be Stringently Enforced
NOT LONG AGO Congress seemed quite deter-
mined that labor on the home front should
strike no more; and so the Smith-Connally Anti-
Strike bill. in spite of presidential veto, became
Congress probably did mean business.Good
patriotic Americans were getting sick and tired
of hearing about the 10,000 or 100,000 miners
out on strike, or the Packard Motor Car Co.
shutting down because of Negro promotions.
Soldiers from the fronts wrote back indignant
letters calling strikers- the saboteurs of Amer-
ica's war effort. Businessmen and coal oper-
ators got hot under the collar when goods were
not delivered. Production of ships and planes
and guns fell behind schedule.
But now the government, since it has the anti-
strike law to work under, has a chance to -assert
its authority. Both labor and capital, American
citizens at home and the soldiers abroad will be
watching the activity of Federal officials who
are supposed to be investigating the. wildcat
strikes in Western Pennsylvania's soft-coal
mines. This situation, indeed; might be called
a kind of test case.
THE STRIKES are not of such magnitude as
those of a month ago, but they are serious
enough. Twenty-five mines are closed, 17,000
miners ire idle, and United States district attor-
ney Charles F. Uhl asked for the right to "invest-
igate matters of great importance to the United
The Smith-Connally law, which provides
penalties of $5,000 fine or a year's imprison-
ment or both, could probably be applied in this
case. And if the government discovers who
is responsible for the walkouts, it had better
Fight Against Inflation
Is Shown Inadequate
ANOTHER request has been made to the Wa
Labor Board which threatens anew the anti-
John Green, president of the Industrial Union
of Marine and Shipbuilding Workers of America
has asked the WLB to grant shipbuilders a 9 per
cent wage increase.
This new case, largest ever presented to the
WLB, involves more than 1,000,000 workers in
The situation is spotlighted by the fact that
shipbuilding is both a critical and top-paying
war industry. Criticising Bureau of Labor Sta-
tistics, figured on the cost of living, union spokes-
men quoted higher increases in commodity prices
throughbut the country and based their demands
on these figures.
The implications of this request cannot be
overlooked, although WLB members have in-
dicated that it will probably ,be denied. This
request is paramount proof that workers, al-
though willing to work with the interests of
the war effort, realize that the administra-
tion's fight against inflation has been inade-
quate and intend to do something about it.
It means that unless over-all extension of
subsidies and taxes is not carried out in the im-
mediate future one of the largest and most
powerful groups in the country will be demand-
ing, not requesting, wage increases.
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
NEW YORK, July 11.-A number of Wash-
ington reporters are apparently being button-
holed by State Department officials and told
that General de Gaulle has dictatorial and fas-
I wonder if these are the same officials who
used to buttonhole reporters and tell them that
Admiral Darlan had democratic and pro-Allied
They used to look at the wretched admiral
and see a democrat. They look at de Gaulle
and see a -fascist. This seems to me a clear
case of an emergency eye examination.
Some of the Washington whisperers have sunk
to the level of explaining de Gaulle's popularity
among the French youth of Africa on the ground
that these young French people are "fascistic."
That (say~s Washington) is why they like de
But these same gray little babblers kept de
Gaulle out of North Africa last fall on the
ground that the local French population was
Petainite and fascistic and therefore wouldn't
What is the meaning of these verbal con-
vulsions? These officials found de Gaulleun-
suitable last fall because he was too demo-
cratic. They find him unsuitable now because
he is not democratic enough. There is only
one possible explanation. This i that chat-
tering of men who have been proved wrong
but who are determined not to confess it. That
is why they throw these political fits and bend
their minds into these ideological pretzels.
They sound for all the world like men who
have been standing on their heads too long.
Once they argued against de Gaulle on the
ground that the French population did not
want him. Now they find an argument against
de Gaulle on the ground that the French popu-
lation does want him.
They found hope for France in Petain. They
found hope for France in Darlan. Now when
France stirs at last, and ,through de Gaulle,
produces a movement of her own, they shake
their heads in alarm at this sign of life and
opine that poor France must be dying.
Actually, French African manifestations on
behalf of de Gaulle constitute a sign of a sort
which we, as fighters in- the democratic cause,
should have gone down on our knees and prayed
They show that years of Petainite and Laval-
ite education for fascism have not taken hold.
But our State Department, which found the
sinister manifestations of Vichy promising, finds
these popular manifestations to be sinister. To
discover that the French people are not good for
France is to gallop into a final blind alley after
three years of riding the wrong horse.
Now there is wounded vanity at work, and
the need for justifying the old Vichy policy.
And behold, our method is the same as Vi-
chy's, to east discredit on de Gaulle.
De we condemn him? Vichy does too. And a
de Gaulle paper is suppressed in England, and
who will rise to say that if Vichy could have
stretched out its hand and killed that journal, it
would not have done so, too?
For all those who wander away from the peo-.
ple, for whatever reason, will find themselves in
the same place at the end.
In topsy-turvy land, in which to recognize
would-be French dictators is to help the demo-
cratic cause, but in which the emergence of a
democratic movement arouses fears of a French
(Copyright, 1943, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
Tanks On. Way Out
IN THE BEGINNING of the present war it
FROM THE SHOULDER
DURING THE Negro riots in -Detroit a Negro
war mother wrote a letter to the President in,
which she said in part: "We, 13,000,000 Negroes.
will never be slaves again. We will never accet
the status of second class citizens. Please, Yi,.
President strike at the forces that have brought
on these riots. Issue another Emancipation Proc-
lamation, Mr. President, so that we will agair be
free. For I speak with deep conviction whoyaI
say that the Negro will fight, fight till the last
drop of Negro blood for the right to be free.''
To be free, to live in friendship and equality
with his fellow man-that is the hope of." the
- oppressed today, but how long will it remain
the hope of the abused minorities, in this
country and the world at large? How 'much
persecution will they bear in humble toler-
ance, asking only for equality? The string of
intolerance is more like the rubber bard. Pull
it taut and it will snap -back in your face.
An intelligent, fighting and highly self-con-I
scious people will not long be able to resist the
development of an inferiority complex under
abuse. And once that is firmly entrenched noth-
ing but complete superiority will satisy the per-
secuted. They will want revenge, sweet sadistic
The Germans and Japanese throuh continu-
ous mistreatment have developed to an amazing
degree, this complex inferiority. Thiey felt, jus-
tifiably, that other races and nations considered
them to be inferior and treated thiem with dis-
crimination and prejudice, which made them boil
with rage and livid anger.
That was why Admiral Yamamoto wanted
to dictate the peace terms from the steps of the
White House. That is why he wanted to
ride around Washington in a rickshaw pulled
by the President, Secretary of the Navy Knox
and perhaps Winston Churchill. It was to sat-
isfy his ego, his inferiority complex which was
in no small way developed by American diplo-.
Yes the inferiority complex helped bring on the
war, but it may still bring us into more trouble.
For example, even if we do abolish the Chinese
Exclusion Act, the condescending attitude of
the press on this issue is certainly not befitting
a great nation like China. No one likes to be in a
position of having someone tell him, "Well, I'm
going to treat you as an equal, but remember it's
only because you're helping me out in the Far
East." That is not going to cut any ice with the
Closer to home, the non-committal attitude of
the President on the race question may be
good political strategy as far as the 1944 Presi-
dential election is concerned, but it is not going
to help solve the race question.
The trouble is that Mayor Jefferies of Detroit,
the President, and millions of people throughout
the nation, are considering this question of as-
suring and insuring equal citizenship for all
Americans as a problem, a race problem. If we
treat the issue in this light we will certainly
entrench the feeling of inferiority among the
Negroes which was being slowly wiped out by the
extension of democracy during the war. u
Put yourself in the shoes of an average
Negro when he hears even a sympathetic
speaker speak of the race problem. "Nice of
him isn't it to be so kind to us black trash,"
he thinks sarcastically. "We're a problem, like
the shortage of gasoline and tires, and this
fellow has a nice ready-made solution. How
nice of him to take such an interest in these
No, the way to treat this question is by merely
enforcing the fundamental principles of our
Declaration of Independence. We must say to
our Negro brethern: "You are not a problem.
Some slimy murderous fascists have tried to de-
prive you of your God-given rights, but they
won't get away with it.t
"They will get their just deserts. The Presi-e
dent will see to it. The Congress will see to itl
and if necessary the Army will see to it. You're 1
no more of a problem than the rest of us. If
an attack on a race or nation makes it a prob-
lem, then every American has been a problem
since Pearl Harbor. So as long as you do your
duty as an American, you and everybody else
* will enjoy his God-given rights in peace and
security and hoodlums of all sorts will pay the
Though that is what we should say, it is not7
what we have said. We have insulted our Negro
citizens by the indifference of our President, our
Congress, and our officials and by their con-
descending attitude. We have insulted the fam-
ilies of the dead and injured in the Detroit riots
by attributing their deaths to a race problem,'
rather than to the work of men who can never
be considered Americans. We have treated the
entire question with too much talk and too lit-
There are many people who feel that if "those
damn niggers don't like it let them try some-
thing, they'll get mighty sick of fighting back."
There are many others who say the same thing
in different words. They point with pride to the1
arrest of Negro soldiers who broke into an ar-
senal at Selfridge Field and attempted to arm1
themselves so that they could fight the hood-
lums ravaging their homes, their wives, and chil-
dren. But if the fascists, or the "do-nothings"
think the Negroes are too dumb or too cowardly
to fight, let them think again.
Let them remember what the Negroes undert
Tonuaint L'Ouvreture and other Haitian lead-
REW - RSOND p
B y D RE W P E A R S®N
WASHINGTON, July 11-Con
gress just finished publicly taking
pieces out of the hide of OPA, but
the latest shearing suffered by Pren-
tiss Brown was done more privately,
and with great finesse, in the elegant
office of the Secretary of the In-
It was a high-powered luncheon
attended by Mr. Ickes as host,
Ralph K. Davies, Deputy Pe-
troleum Administrator; WPB's
Donald Nelson, and Prentiss
Brown. When Brown went into
that meeting, OPA had substantial
powers in the field of petroleumI
products. But when he came out,
after three hours, OPA had lost its
Nelson had suspected something
of the sort, and both he and Jimmy
Brynes had said to Brown in ad-
vance: "Prentiss, you don't have to
give up a thing." They knew that
Davies wanted to run the whole
petroleum show, and they also knew
that he was cleverly persuasive.
There were a lot of issues to be
discussed, all highly important
to the American people--the ques-
tion of whether crude petroleum
should be granted a higher price,
the question of stiffer rationing in
GRIN AND BEAR I
western areas, and also the ques-
tion of "divided authority" between
OPA and PAW.
The Ickes office was air condi-
tioned and comfortable, and the
luncheon was delicious, including
steaks, for which the ingratiating
Mr. Davies had provided his own
But things went bad for Brown.
The set-up was all wrong. He had
brought no experts along, and on
petroleum problems, he was no
match for Davies, Vice President
of Standard Oil of California.
When he got back to the OPA of-
fices and showed colleagues the
agreement he had reached with
Davies, they threw up their hands.
The good-natured Administrator had
been shorn like a lamb.
So OPA experts got busy and
revised the agreement, insisting
on retention of OPA authority in
petroleum matters. They talked to
Brown like a Dutch Uncle, point-
ing out the danger to the consumer
if his agreement went through.
In the end, the agreement' was re-
presented to Davies, and the decision
was finally made by Nelson, who
acted as protector of OPA.
T Rv ILichtv
yard, profiteering in contracts coun-
tered by strikes in industry, neglect
on the part of parents resulting in
delinquency while our boys afar fight
for a stainless flag, what is the office
of the ideal?
First, religion believes in an in-
terested God, a God of justice and
peace. Only such a God is great
enough to command the loyalty
and the worship of all men. Such
a God, being the reality toward
which the constructive spirits
move as their ideal, will outlive
disorder and meet us finally as a
wise, aged teacher meets his chas-
Second, religion believes in the
free man, a man who can and does
make choices-right ones and wrong
ones. This means that
Third, the universe we are in is
fair, is changing, permits evil on the
part of man as well as good and that
there are immutable laws. Man reaps
according to how he sows.
Fourth, religion, whether framed
by Moses, by Buddha, or by Christ,
suggests salvation, a way to escape
from sin, pain and death as well
as to attain a character equal to con-
structive deeds in a discouraging
Fifth, according to the later He-
brew prophets and our Christian
ethics, life under a democratic dis-
cipline implies that one is "always
involved in a moral struggle in
which the exercise of freedom
must be accompanied by a feeling
of personal responsibility." As re-
ligion would say, personal account-
ability is automatically the lot 'of
all who make choices.
The function of religion, therefore,
is to throw upon the screen before
man's imagination a social order
worth giving one's life to create, and
a. personal habit system which, if
m2de universal, would spell Utopia.
Ed*ard W. Blakeman
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4 ' .. *c .. _ ... IY .:..; tia '23 3'
THE FUNCTION of
K in a time like this
view with race riots
is up for re-
in our front
"Of course these war jobs are all right-but give me plenty of time
in beauty parlors and enough men and I'll get my hands on a Pay
check every week, anyhow!"
'DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN,
(Continued from Page 3)
Students, Summer Term, College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts:
No course may be elected for credit
after the end of the third week. July
17 is therefore the last date on which
new elections may be approved. The
willingness of an individual instruc-
tor to admit a student later does not
affect the operation of this rule.
E. A. Walter
The July meeting of the Faculty
of the College of Literature, Science,
and the Arts will be held on Monday,
July 12, at 4:10 in Room 1025 Angell
Hall. The agenda and committee
reports have been distributed by
Students, Summer Session, Col-
loge, Literature, Science, and Arts:
Except under extraordinary circu=-
stances, courses dropped after the
third week, Saturday, July 17, will
be recorded with a grade of E.
-E. A. Walter
Students, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: Election cards
filed after the end of the first week
of the semester may be accepted by
the Registrar's office only if they
are approved by Assistant Dean Wal-
ter. Students who fail to file their
election blanks by the close of the
third week, even though they have
registered and have attended classes
unofficially will forfeit their priv-
ilege of continuing in the college.
-E. A. Walter
Engineering Mechanics 12: Fun-
damentals of Vibration. The course
will be given Tuesdays and Thurs-
begin the week of July 12 in Body
Conditioning, Dancing, Golf, Ele-
mentary Swimming, Riding and
Badminton. Students interested
should register in Office 15, Barbour
Gymnasium, 8 to 12 and 1:30 to 4:30
daily except Saturday; Saturday 8
The Michigan Christian Fellow-
ship will offer its regular Sunday
Program this afternoon at 4:30 p.m.
in the Fireplace Room of Lane Hall.
All students are invited to attend
Lutheran Student Association will
meet in Zion Lutheran Parish Hall
at 5:30 p.m. today. Following supper
at 6:00 the Rev. Carl Satre will speak
on "The Church in our Present and
Graduate Outing Club will meet
at 2:30 today in the Club quarters
for a swimming trip to Whitmore
Lake. Members may either bring
food or secure it at the lake. "Those
driving should stop at ktheclub for
extra passengers. Others will take
the bus. Alternative program in case
of bad weather.
Engineering Council Meeting,
Wednesday, July 14, 7:30 p.m. in
Room 244 West Engineering Build-
ing. Any member who is unable to
attend should oall me at 7248,
-D. B. Weymeyer, Secretary
Record Hour: Another of our
weekly record concerts will be giv-
Memorial Christian Church (Dis-
ciples) 10:45 a.m. Morning Worship,
Rev. Frederick Cowin, Minister.
4:30 p.m. Disciple students will
join with Congregational students
at the Guild House, 438 Maynard St.,
for a trip to Riverside Park. The ac-
tivities will consist of games, picnic
supper and a vesper service. Men
and women in military service are
especially invited. Small charge.
Lutheran Student Chapel: Divine
Service Sunday at 11:00 a.m. in the
Michigan League Chapel. Sermon by
the Rev. Alfred Scheips, "The Chris-
tian Youth and His Education."
St. Andrew's Episcopal Church:
8:00 a.m. Holy Communion; 11:00
a.m. Junior Church (Nursery-Fourth
grade), Tatlock Hall; 11:00 a.m.
Morning Prayer and Sermon by the
Rev. Henry Lewis, D.D., Rector; 5:00
p.m. Canterbury Club for Episcopal
Students and Servicemen. Please
meet at Page Hall (Catherine at Di-
vision St.) to go for swimming, pic-
nic supper, and discussion led by
Student Chaplain, The Rev. Robert
M. Muir, at the Giefel residence on
Barton Shore Drive. Wednesday,
8:00 a.m. Holy Communion in the
church. Please not the change in
time. The Chaplain's consultation
hours are from 5:00 to 6:00 p.m. on
Tuesdays and Fridays or by appoint-
ment (7735) at the Church Office,
306 N. Division St.
Unitarian Church, State and Hu-
ron Streets: 11:00 a.m. Church Serv-
ice: Mr. Redman will preach on:
"There Is One God."
3:30 p.m. Recreational meeting for
students and servicemen featuring
folk-dance instruction, refreshments,
First Presbyterian Church: Morn-
ing Worship 10:45 a~m. "God of the
Casual," subject' of the sermon by
Westminster Student Guild-Sun-
day Afternoon Forum at 4 o'clock.
Dr. Lemon will give a short address
on "Now that the 'Far' East Is No
More." Resource people for the open
discussion which follows, will include
Mrs. Roy S. Lautenschlager, the Rev.
and Mrs. W. A. March, Mr. and Mrs.
Win. Booth and Dr. M. Senstius.
Refreshments and a social hour fol-
low. All students are cordially wel-
First Methodist Church and Wes-
ley Foundation. Dr. E. W. Blakeman
will lead the Sunday morning class
at 9:30 o'clock in a discussion of the
subject: "The Group, Made or Un-
made by the Person." This is in the
series "Personality and Religion."
Morning Worship Service at 10:40
o'clock. Dr. Charles W. Brashares
will preach on "Workers of the
World." Wesleyan Guild meeting at
4:30 p.m. Discussion on "Workers of
the World." Fellowship hour and
supper at 5:30. Servicemen and ci-
vilian students are nrdially invited