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July 08, 1943 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1943-07-08

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VOL. LIII, No. 8-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JULY 8, 1943

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Yanks Land at Munda;
9 Jap Destroyers Sunk
Americans Embark at Rice Anchorage, Zanzna
To Strengthen End of 700-Mile Battle Arc
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN AUSTRALIA, July 8, Thursday- Amer-
ican landing troops have won two beachheads near the Japanese air base
of Munda, Gen. Douglas MacArthur announced today in a communique
which also expanded our naval victory in the Kula Gulf to at least nine and
possibly 11 enemy cruisers and destroyers sunk.
The noon communique in an elaboration of the naval battle in the Kula
Gulf above New Georgia also announced that nine Japanese destroyers and
cruisers were sunk there.
The landings near Munda, which is the immediate objective of the
central Solomons offensive were at Rice Anchorage four miles northeast of
Boiroko and at Zanzna six miles east of Munda.
At the other end of the 700-mile battle arc where American and Aus-
- _<__-tralians hold positions near Sala-

Lt. A. Owens
Killed in Recent
Battle of Attu

Regents Increase U' Budget,
Make 41 Faculty Promotions

The 1943-44 University budget,
adopted by the board of regents,
amounts to $7,658,121.06. an increase
of $409,033.57 over the 1942-43 bud-;
get.
Summer term salaries this year
amount to -$528,091, an increase of
$248,912.29 over last summer's salary
costs, but are offset by a special
legislative war emergency appropri-
ation of $800,000.
The University Hospital budget
has been fixed by the regents at
$3,202.290 for the year, an increase
Lecture Sertes
Scheduled on
Negro Culture
Hayden To Discuss
American Negro in
Special 8-Week Course
The work of Negroes in the fields
of literature and the arts is an inte-
gral part of American culture and'
not just a "contribution" to the
American scene, Robert Hayden.
special student at the University,
said in commenting on his eight
week course in Negro culture and
history beginning at 8 p.m. Monday
in the East Lecture Hall of the Rack-
ham Building.
Under the sponsorship of the
Inter - Racial Association, this
course will be open to all students
and Ann Arbor residents and will
deal with the historical back-
grounds of Negroes from the great
African kingdoms to the present
time.
The first two lectures, Hayden
said, will be called "Notes Toward a
New Perspective of Negro History".
They will emphasize the fact that
Negroes do have a past beyond their
slavehood in America, and that the
present culture of Negroes in music
and art as well as in literature is not
African but American.
Hayden, who was a winner of a
major Hdpwood award for poetry
in 1942, is an authority on Negro
culture and history. "The Black
Spear", his book of poetry, is con-
cerned with slavery and the Civil
War. It required two years of
special research, and will be pub-
lished by Doubleday Doran.
Hayden has also worked on Fed-
eral projects in the general field of
Negro culture and has been in charge
of collecting items on Negro folk
lore. He has also given several lec-
tures at the Detroit Public Library
on the subject of poetry written by
Negroes-
Captured Jap Submarine
Will Be on Parade Here
'rh f.,-ri t.. n T A.Y . afm VI ri~

of $585,795.50 over last year's budget,
necessitated by the increased hospital
patients as well as increased labor
and supply costs.
The hospital budget is wholly pro-
vided by income from patients treat-
ed, including patients at public ex-
pense and those who meet their own
bills.
Board MaIes Promotions
The board of regents in addition
made effective forty-one faculty
promotions for the year of 1943-44.
In the college of Literature, Science
and the Arts the following were pro-
moted from associate professorships:
Arthur H. Copeland to professor of
mathematics, George M. Ehlers to
professor of geology, and Leslie A.
White to professor of anthropology.
Seven were promoted from assist-
ant professors to associate professor-
ships. They are Donal H. Haines
of the School of Journalism,.Edward
B. Ham of the department of French,
Sumner B. Myers of the department
of mathematics, Byron A. Soule of
the department of chemistry. Palmer
A. Throop of the department of his-
tory, Harold C. Youtie of the depart-
ment of Greek, and Elzada U. Clover
of the department of botany.
In Literary College
Also in the literary college were
three promotions from instrror tor
Turn to Page 3, Col. 3
CJO Aporg'
WASHINGTON, July 7. ---The
national executive board of the Con-
gress of Industrial Organization,,
(CIO), established a political action
committee today and appointed Sid-
ney Hillman, president of the Amal-
gamated Clothing Workers, to head
it.
The board also affirmed the CIO.s
no-strike pledge and blamed John
L. Lewis for inspiring enactment of
the Connally-Smith Act, which pro-
vides penal ties for fostering strikes
in government-operated.p1lants or
mines and requires 30 days notice
and a secret ballot before a strike in
any other war plant.
CIO President Philip Moudy -jv sid
the political action committee has
no definitely formula ted plan nor
program yet and will not necessarily
be confined to CIO unions,
"It seeks," said Murray, "tWe ac-
t,ive cooperation of other labor or-
ganizations and other groups."
MSC Will Abandoni
Plan. 1*r'(O' (4arnr
WASHINGTON, July 7..UP).Se-
lective Service officials said today
that a large camp for conscientious
objectors will not be established at
Michigan State College.
Plans to send 25 or 30 men to the

House-Seriate
Holdup Shows
Breaking Signs,
WASHINGTON, July 7. - (/P) -
Definite signs of a break-up appeared
tonight in the deadlock between the
House and Senate on appropriations,
but prospects of an early summer re-
cess were still clouded by disagree-
ments onthe question of subsidizing
food price rollbacks.
The biggest change in the outlook
came late in the day when Senate
conferees agreed to recommend to
their branch tomorrow that it recede
from its stand and allow federal crop
insurance to die.
No Compromise on Subsidy
Representatives of both houses,
however, were still uncompromising
on the subsidy question. Conferees
met for nearly six hours in two ses-
sions today and broke up until to-,
morrow morning with Senate Ma-
jority Leader Barkley of Kentucky
reporting "no progress."
Some other confereesron the sub-
sidy issue, however, were more opti-
mistic. There were even predictions,
inspired by the appropriations com-
promises, that the legislative calen-
dar might be cleared in time to per-
mit the summer recess to begin Fri-
day.
Disagree on Confirmation
Outside subsidies, the most direct
d isigreement reported was on the
yiast ion of requiring Senate confir-
mation of all employes of a score of
war agencies who are paid more than
$4,500 a year.
(1.1farees reported no common
Sround on that matter and voted to
refer it back to both houses tomor-
row for a new expression of senti-
ment,
Legislators said the subsidy issue
was the biggest stumbling block in
the way of clearing the calendar.
The disagreement was over a Sen-
ate effort to attach a food price sub-
siddy prohibition to a bill extending
the life of the Commodity Credit
Corporation.

Giraud Arrives
In Capital for
Military Talks
French CommitteeActs
To Relieve Admiral
Robert of Command
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 7.- General
Henri Honore Giraud came to Wash-
ington today for military talks as
the French committee of National
liberation, headed by Giraud and
General Charles De Gaulle, acted to
relieve Admiral Georges Robert from
his command in the French West
Indies.
From Algiers the committee in-
vested Henri Etienne Hoppenot, now
in Washington, with extraordinary
powers to negotiate with Robert for
the return of Martinique and Guade-
loupe to "the unified empire," mean-
ing their alignment in the fight
against the Axis.
Jacomy Supersedes Robert
It also appointed Brigadier Gen-
eral Henry Jacomy to supersede Ro-
bert as commanding offcer in
French Guinea and the Antilles,
which include Martinique and Gua-
deloupe. This indicated that the
Admiral is expected to surrender his
one-man rule of the two islands.
Hoppenot, who has been Giraud's
diplomatic representative here, was
not available tonight for comment.
He was busy with his chief, whom
he met at Bolling Field, along with
Philippe Baudet, acting chief of the
Fighting French delegation, and the
highest ranking U.S. Army and Navy
officers.
Hoppenot Awaits Robert's Views
Whether Hoppenot would go soon
to Martinique was believed to depend
on Robert's readiness to step out as
the Vichy French High Commissioner
there. Vice-Admiral John H. Hoo-
ver, U.S. Naval commander in the
Caribbean, visited Robert at Fort
De France last week to obtain his
views.
The result of his survey of the
situation has not been disclosed, but
an official who is following the situ-
ation closely said nothing had been
received to indicate that Martinique
already had come under the author-
ity of the French committee.
Admiral Robert previously had re-
quested that the American govern-
ment send an envoy to negotiate a
change of authority in Martinique,
proposing two general terms-that
French sovereignty be maintained

maua, New Guinea, Allied planes
dropped more than 100 tons of
bombs on Japanese positions near
Mubo.
Japs Lose 9 Ships
The communique announcement
that the Japanese definitely lost nine
ships in the Kula Gulf battle, which
occurred the night of July 5 and in
the pre-dawn of July 6, increased
the extent of the American triumph.
Yesterday's communique had re-
ported that six enemy ships prob-
ably were sunk and four damaged as
against the loss on our side of a
cruiser, since disclosed to be the
U.S.S. Helena.
Tokyo Admits U.S. Progress
(The progress of the American of-
fensive in the Solomons was admit-
ted Wednesday in a left-handed way
by, Tokyo radio in a broadcast to
Italy. "Their efforts are simply des-
perate," the broadcast, recorded in
New York by OWI, said. "Let us
admit with complete frankness the
surprising stubbornness of the en-
emy.")
The Japanese continued to send
more planes against Rendova Island,
seized in the central Solomons June
30 within artillery shelling distance
of Munda. In the latest raid, they,
lost 12 bombers and fighters, the
communique said.
Japanese losses in this sector alone
now approximately 180.
U.S. Batters Japanese
Defenses on Kiska Island
WASHINGTON, July 7-(P)--War-
Warships of the North Pacific
poured hundreds of shells into Jap-
anese defenses on Kiska island last
night in an operation possiblly pre-
liminary to a drive to reconquer that
Aleutians position.
Navy communique, announcing
the attack this afternoon, gave no
details except that enemy shore bat-
teries failed to return the fire. It
left no doubt that the bombardment
was heavy and prolonged and ran
into hundreds of shells.
English Play To Run
Through Saturday

LT. ALFRED E. OWENS
* * *
Lt. Alfred E. Owens, '42, former
business manager of the 'Ensian, was
killed in action during the recent
battle of Attu, according to word re-
ceived from the War Department.
Lt. Owens, a member of Sigma Chi
fraternity, was well-known in cam-
pus circles. In addition to being busi-
ness manager of the 'Ensian, he was
a member of the Infantry Officers'
Club, Sphinx and Michigamua..
He received his commission on the
basis of his ROTC work here...
"Al was one of the most popular
boys in the house," Bill Gram, '43, a
brother Sigma Chi, said last night.
"He was always a lot of fun and a
swell pal. Always very modest about
his activities on campus, he wasn't
one, to demand publicity, but did his
work quickly, efficiently and well.
"Everyone who knew him and
worked with him recognized his fine
leadership and managerial ability,"
Gram said, "and knew that Al could
be trusted to carry out every job
-carefully and completely."
Haas Blames
Race Riots on
Inadequacies
Housing, Recreation,
Transportation Were
Culprits, Priest Says
WASHINGTON, July 7. - (P) -
Monsignor Francis J. Hass, chair-
man of the government's Fair Em-
ployment Practice Committee (FE-
PC), expressed the opinion today
that "inadequate housing, recreation
and public transportation" were 're-
sponsible for the recent fatal race
riots in Detroit.
The Catholic priest, back from a
three-day trip to the Michigan city,
said he had found no evidence that
the Ku Klux Klan or the Axis pow-
ers had inspired the outbreak, in
which more than 25 persons were
killed and several hundred injured.
Recurrence Can Be Prevented
Addressing a press conference, he
expressed belief that "a recurrence
can be prevented if the causes are
removed."
Observing that Detroit's mighty
war production plants had brought
35,000 people into that city since the
first of this year, he voiced that opin-
ion in response to questions that sim-
ilar movements of population into
other cities might foment similar
troubles in them.
Haas said, however, that the FEPC
"has no jurisdiction over bad feeling
between Negroes and whites" and is
authorized only to prevent discrim-
ination in employment because of
"race, creed, color or national origin."
Companies Make Adjustments
He said five of- eight unspecified
Detroit concerns accused of discrim-
ination in hiring practices had "made
adjustments satisfactory to the com-
mittee" and that negotiations are
being conducted with the other three
If the negotiations are fruitless, he
said, public hearings will be held by
the FEPC.
Although- it has no intention o
making any general public statemen
to that effect, the Federal Bureau o
Tnvestigation (FBI) takes the view

Nazis Suffer
Huge Losses
In Kursk Line
'Greatest Blow in War'
Kills 30,000 Germans,
Destroys 1,539 Tanks
By The Associated Press
MOSCOW, July 8 (Thursday)-
Soviet Russia claimed today that the
Red army had dealt the Nazi war
machine the greatest blow in its his-
tory and had thwarted for the mom-
ent the huge German onslaught on
the central front by killing 30,000
Nazis, destroying or damaging 1539
tanks and shooting down 649 air-
planes in the first three days of
fighting.
A special announcement said the
Axis hurled 30 divisions, or approxi-
mately 450,000 men, against the Rus-
sians in a two-pronged drive against
the bulging Kursk salient, one col-
umn driving from Orel south against
Kursk while the other sought to hit
northward from Belgorod against the
same point.
Soviets Hold Firm
Soviet troops were declared to
have held firmly against the great of-
fensive along the entire Orel-Kursk-
Belgorod, line except for .a few "in-
significant wedges" driven into the
Red army defenses near Belgorod at
the southern end.
While telling of the enormous Ger-
man losses, the announcement never-
theless said "it is too early to form-
ulate a final conclusion concerning
the outcome of the battles" and add-
ed, the German forces here are
great."
Germans Did Not Yield
"One thing is indubitable and
clear," the special announcement
added. "The Germans' resolute of-
fensive commenced on. July 5 yielded
no success in thefirst three days.'.
In a breakdown of figures of the
attacking forces, the Russians said
the Germans were using six tank,
one motorized and seven infantry di-
visions in the Orel-Kursk area and
nine panzer divisions and seven ir}-
fantry including some of their crack
formations in the Belgorod area.
Enemy Drives Few Wedges
"Only in a few sections of Belgorod
area has the enemy, at the cost of
enormous losses, succeeded in driving
insignificant wedges into our de-
fenses."
The regular midnight bulletin had
acknowledged the German capture
of an additional "few villages" Wed-
nesday in the Belgorod sector at the
end of the flaming 200-mile front
where two villages already had been
taken by the enemy during Tuesday's
fighting.
The later Soviet announcement
made no attempt to minimize the
power of the German threat, but said
flatly that "in the first three days
the Germans, despite the size of their
offensive had met with no success."
Program Shifts
Bring Let-Down
Lag Is Not Called
A Discouraging Sign
WASHINGTON, July 7. -OP)-
Failure of the Nation's war plants
to turn in a production gain in May
over April must be blamed primarily
on switches in the military program
necessitated by battlefront experi-
ence and is definitely "not a dis-
couraging sign," War Production

Board Chairman Donald M. Nelson
said today.
June production "appears to be a
little better than it was in May", on
the basis of preliminary estimates,
Nelson told an informal press confer-
ence in which his executive vice
chairman, Charles E. Wilson, partici-
pated.
"The fact still remains," Wilson in-
terjected, that this country will
have to produce 50 per cent more in
the last half of this year than it did
in the first half. This is no time- for
a let down."
Maharajah, Bride Spend
t Honeymoon in Auto Camp
f
v RENO, July 7.--(/P)- Wealthy,

The popular English mystery
drama, "Ladies in Retirement" with
the lead role of Ellen Creed por-.
trayed by Claribel Baird will continue
its run in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre at 8:30 p.m. today through
Saturday.
The play which opens the fifteenth
summer season for the Michigan
Repertory Players, includes in the
cast Hal Cooper, Blanche Holpar,
Marilyn Mayer, and Gertrude Slack.
Directors of the production are
Valentine Winndt and Claribel Baird.

there and that no
occupy the island.

foreign troops

John Ragsdale, Former Hopwood
Winner, Reported 'Among Missing'

' Quit-spoken. John Paul Rags-
dale, twice a Hopwood winner, was
i (ern ty reported by the War De-
partnent as "missing since May"
in Euroopea n aerial action.
As it is known that the bonbar-
dier of the same ship of which
Lieutenant Ragsdale was navigator
is now a prisoner in Germany, his
family and friends on campus are
hoping that Ragsdale landed safely
and is also a prisoner in Germany,
Shortly before he was reported
missing, Lieutenant Ragsdale re-
ceived particular commendation
for expert, navigating work which

Prof. Roy W. Cowden, Director
of the Hopwood Awards, said yes-
terday, "We here think that he
showed great promise."
Several years ago, Charles Mor-
gan, English novelist, while staying
at the Union during a visit in Ann
Arbor, glanced through a copy of
the Perspective which was deliver-
ed to him, and was immediately
struck by the literary talent of the
Michigan student.
He made notations in the mar-
gin of the story and asked Pro-
fessor Cowden to give the copy
to Ragsdale. Professor Cowden

Ragsdale took his examination
for entrance into the Army Air
Forces Jan. 20, 1942, at Lafay-
ette, Ind., and was sworn into
service March 2, 1942. After
training at Santa Ana, Calif.,
and at Mather Field, Sacramen-
to, Calif., he received his com-
mission and the wings of the
navigator. He visited his parents
for six days last February and
left the United States March 2
for England where he partici-
pated in numerous Flying Fort-
ress bombing raids from his Eng-
lish base.
Lieutenant Ragsdale's father. a

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