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July 08, 1943 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1943-07-08

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PAGE TWO

THE "-MlrHlrXN !!XlrV-'

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Ulka

Fifi igatt'Bal
Fifty-Third "Year

Straight from the Shoulder

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
rgular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of :The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitledsstothe use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of rejub-
lication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class nial matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.45, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43
Editorial Staff
Marion Ford . . . . . . Managing editor
Bud grimmer . . . 9. . Editorial Director
L4on Gordenker . . . . . City ditor
I{arvey Frank . . . . . Sports Editor
Business Staff
Jeanne Lovett s . . . Business Manager
Molly Winokur . . Associate Business ganger
Telephone 23-24-1
NIGHT EDITOR: MARGARET FRANK
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
AID TO AXIS:
Slackening Production
Menaces War Effort
WAR PRODUCTION Chairman Donald Nel-
son's report that the production of arms
failed to show any increas.e during May r.aises the
serious question. of how America is 'going to
launch the necessary offensives on the Eastern
and Western fronts without the needed mater-
inils.
At the present time this country is not only
waging a war on two fronts but is also giving
lend lease aid to its Allies. If war production
continues on the present level we can maintain
the present scale of warfare, only. But we can
never win the war by continuing to fight on
the current level.
For the coming invasion of the Continent,
American supplies are vitally needed by the Brit-
ish. Materials on a greater scale are needed by
American troops in order to step up the impetus
of the attack against the Axis. Furthermore, the
new Nazi onslaught in Russia presents grave
dangers to the Allied forces unless they are able
to keep Russia well supplied with the materials
to continue their defense. The bombed and
often-shifted Russian factories are incapable of
producing at the rate necessary to keep the Ger-
mans from overrunning their country.
Also seriously menaced is the new Allied
offensive against Japan which has just been
launched in the East. With the vast area that
the Allies will have to take over before Japan
cap be cleaned out of the Pacific, more and
better war materials are the most vital neces-
sity.
NELSON SAID in his monthly production com-
munique, "We are on the verge of one of the
greatest trials in our national history. We can-
not afford to relax our efforts for an instant."
He assigned no reason for the production lag.
Whatever the reason or lack of reason for
this startling development, if it continues
America's successfil contuiuation of the war
effort is more gravely endangered now than
at any other time since the early months of
the fighting.
The only solution is the complete devotion of
ell our efforts to this so-called "total war". Non-
essential occupations must be cut to release more
men and women for war work. Every man and
woman who can take a war job must do so. Fur-
thermore, most important of all, Union squab-
bles, strikes and absenteeism must be eliminated
as far as is possible if we hope to win this war,
which must be fought on the production lines as
much as on the fronts. - Jane Farrant

A FEW WEEKS AGO a leading New York paper
offere a prize for the best 200 word essay on
the "name that means most to me". Unfor-
tunately the editors also required you to answer
a few hundred puzzles correctly before an entry
would be considered, so I did not enter it. Yet
the contest set me to thinking of what name
really means most to me today. First I thought
of- the great heroes of the past: Alexander the
Great, Caesar, Napoleon. Then I thought of the
great revolutionaries: Robespierre, Washington,
Lenin. Then I thought of the great American
fighters for freedom: Jefferson, Jackson, Lincoln,
Roosevelt. Yet somehow none of these seemed
the most important. Abraham Lincoln seemed
a likely prospect, till I remembered how he had
been debunked in my history and economics
courses.
Yet there must be some name somewhere, I
thought, that has an overpowering meaning
fpr me. I thought, and suddenly I saw it.
Almost immediately I sat down and started
writing: The name that means most to me is
not the name of a statesman, a revolutionary,
nor even of a common man. It is the name of
t ship and the men who sail her. It is the
name of the Booker T. Washington.
T EY SAY that racial equality is impossible.
They say that we should have segregation
and discriminatrion. They say that Negroes and
white men cannot live together, work together as
free and equal men. They say that it can't be
done and won't be done, but they lie.
They lie because American seamen have giv-
en the answer-yes, the merchant mariners of
the Booker T.
From the outside the Booker T. looks like an
average ,merchant ship. It is only when you step
aboard that you feel a gust of fresh air hit you.
R is the wind of liberty.
For this is the hallowed spot where all the
ghosts of the great reformers meet, to watch
from the sidelines the living proof that they
have not lived in vain.
Yet the men on this ship are not ghosts. Cer-
tainly not the captain in whose determined look
one can see the face of a warrior. 'Yet it is not
,the typical face of a merchant skipper. There
is something about him that doesn't seem just
right to you. 'You walk up closer and now you
see it-why he's a Negro. You shake hands with
him and you nervously scan the ship. Is this a
Negro ship you ask? And then you see it, white
men from the East, the West, yes even from the
South, white men from Norway, Holland, Poland.
You see Negroes from the West Indies and from
America, from all over America. And their grimy
faces are smiling. This is a happy ship you can
feel it, you don't have to ask. And your heart
fills with pride and with a lump in your throat
you say almost aloud, "That-that's what we're
fighting for."
IDRAMAj
The well-known melodrama, "Ladies in Re-
tirement", was an impressive opening to the
summer dramatic season. It was a well-staged,
well-costumed, and polished performance, which
proved diverting summer entertainment.
Most of the credit for success goes to Clarl-
bel Baird, who lent poise and finish to her role
as the shrewd, undauntable spinster Aunt.
Not only were her scenes the highlights but
she capably shouldered the task of holding
the ends together.
Aside from the sure-fire thrills and chills of
plot, some of the characterizations provided
amusement. Blanche Holpar as the unfortunate
Miss Fiske compensated for her too youthful
movement with liveliness and humor.
By the last act Gertrude Slack caused a
ripple in the audience upon entrance because
of good comedy throughout, both feeble-mind-
ed sisters being quite convincing.
Hal Cooper wore his clothes but not his part
well, and his excess movement often proved dis-
tracting. His partner in crime, Miriam Ruge,

was set off to a running start by her grace and
good looks, but seemed to lose steam when she
most needed it-for her final and crucial de-
parture.
From all indications Play Production will pre-
sent some pretty first-rate material this sum-
mer with emphasis on lightness and entertain-
ment. - Harriet Cooper

QO I GUESS THAT'S THE NAME that means
the most to me: the Booker T. Washington.
It sort of means even more to me today. It
means more to me when in the halls of Congress
the cry is heard: "More discrimination, more
segregation!" It means more to me when in De-
ticit, I hear officials say that the riots were un-
avoidable. It means more to me when ostensibly
sensible men decry most progress as "social ex-
periment". Yes, and it means more to me when
I think that the union that made this possible,
the National Maritime Union, which has suffered
proportionally higher casualties than the armed
forces, is now insulted by the Smith-Connally
outrage of the Congressional absentees.
And if you have felt yourself slipping into the
morass and decay of prejudice, if you felt your-
self saying maybe segregation and discrimination
will have to stay or be extended, well, you think
of the Booker T. and the men who sail her. You
think of the Negro skipper who in spite of heavy
gales brought his ship to its Russian destina-
tion way ahead of schedule. You think of the
nire who through unavoidable association and
sympathetic union education learned to suppress
their prejudices and to eradicate them. And
when you think of them, you might remember
that every single man signed on for a second trip.
Those men on the high seas know tolerance in
practice and they like it.
Maybe that's why I think it's such a great ship.
-Ed Podliashuk
I'd Raether
Ber~ Right
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
NEW YORK, July 7.- Our gurgling over the
absence of a German offensive in Russia was
hollow. There is a German offensive, a big one,
on the Orel-Belgorod front. Those who fought
the war with a loud ha-ha directed against the
Germans for not being able to make an offensive
have now had their ha-ha returned to them.
They may wear it on their lapels, under their
V-buttons
Those Americans. and Englishmen too, who
rested their propaganda case against Germany
on her presumed inability to mount an offensive
in Russia, now have no case. It has blown up.
We made a claim; a foolish, premature claim.
It has been answered.
Let that be a lesson to us, to stop snickering.
Snickering is not propaganda. . Even if the
new German offensive ends soon, even if it
turns out to have been a feint, the biggest feint
in history, an elephantine feint, there will still
be no ground for resuming the chuckles and
low laughs with which we had blithely unpre-
pared ourselves for this great threat.
If the German offensive was delayed, it was
delayed for a reason; when it was made, it was
made for a reason; if it halts, it will halt for a
reason. To search out these reasons, to come to
know them, in all their awful seriousness, is our
task, and not to make each other's ribs sore with
much nudging and early and feverish self-con-
gratulation.
What was Germany doing while we thought
she was only holding her wounded toe? While
we have been improving our defenses against the
submarine, which is Germany's weapon of eco-
nomic blockade, she has been improving her de-
fenses against bombing, which is our weapon of
economic blockade. Our ratio of bomber-losses
seems to have increased lately. We have taken
a great deal of cheery comfort in the fact that
Germany has switched much of her aircraft pro-
duction from bombers to fighters. That is cold
comfort, especially for American and British
bombers. What's there to be glad about in Ger-
many's switch to fighters?
Germany seems, also, to have de'cided to de-
fend Italy. Mr. Hanson Baldwin, in the New
York Times; names the German divisions
which have been sent to save Mussolini. He
makes the flat statement that the moment for
an easy victory over Italy has passed, Italy's
new cockiness supports this account. Her first
wild terror seems to have evaporated like a

nightmare dream.Q
I do not bring up these points to cause alarm.
I bring them up to show there is no cause for
mirth. I bring them up so that maybe from now
on we can avoid doing the movie-comnedian's
double-take in which the smirk of glee forever
fades down to the wistful oh!
These moods of strange, unreal delight come
upon us whenever we try to puzzle out some way
of defeating Germany without a second front,
That manic hope pursues us yet. See, she
can make no offensive against Russia! We put
our eggs in that basket, then the basket is
kicked over. See, she is evacuating the Ruhr!
See, she is turning to a limited war, no longer
trying to conquer the world, but merely to hold
on.
What of it? Our side fought a limited war,
too, for years, not trying to conquer the world,
but only to hold on. What do these ecstasies
prove? The basic pattern of Germany's war has
not changed; it is still that same pendulum,
swinging now west, now east. But some of us
are childishly sure that once the pendulum moves
avay from where we stand, it will never come
back.
If Germany delayed her offensive aainst
Russia, we may be sure she did it for German

MERRY-G0-
ROUND
B y DREW
PEARSON
WASHINGTON, July 8.- Worst
long range problem worrying Ad-
ministration leaders during the hec-
tic closing days of Congress was the
ever widening gap between factions
of the American people similar to
that which -preceded the Fall of
Fiance.
In France, a labor government had
its own way to such extent under
Blum that public reaction veered in
the opposite direction, labor was in
the public dog-house and reaction-
aries were in the saddle. Labor be-
came bitter, sulky, uncooperative,
while big French business had its
sway.
So France Fell
Neither side would cooperate. Both
hated each other. So France fell.
Today, in the U.S.A., public re-
action against labor hit the full
swing of the pendulum with the
anti-strike bill. Labor had en-
joyed the largest degree of power.
under Roosevelt ever achieved by
American unions in their entire
history. Now, as in France, labor
is in the national dog-house.
Whether it remains there is the
big question; also whether labor be-
comes sulky, bitter and uncoopera-
tive as in France. Upon the ability
of both sides to cooperate, to see the
other side's viewpoint is going to de-
pend a great many things in this
country--not only winning the war,
but the kind of government we have
after the war is over.
War Profits
The War Production Board has
just made a study of certain war in-
dustries, the result of which is not
going to help labor's mood. The
WPB shows the profitsof airplane
companies from war contracts, which
even after deducting taxes, are enor-

GRIN AND BEAR IT

By Licht y

. 4> .
" -- ~ ~4 1943, Chieago Ts Ic
"Fignewton is getting to be an -awful bore about his Victory Gar-
den! Somnetimes I wish for the old days when the government paid
;people. not. to plant things::'

mous. These profit figures are based
upon invested capital.
:For instance, North American
Aviation, which suffered a strike
and seizure of its California opera-
tion by the Government, made
51.06% profit in 1941 after paying
taxes. Before paying taxeis its
profits were 134.53%. North Amer-
ican's 1940 profits were even high-
,er-5733% after deducting taxes.
Consolidated Aircraft, another big
company, made the gigantic profit of
94% in 1941 after paying taxes. Boe-
ing, which turns out bombers, made
25%; Curtiss-Wright 41.9%; and
Douglas 51%. All these were after
paying taxes. Consolidated, inci-
dentally, made 309% before paying
taxes.

Bell Aircraft, which is building
a big bomber plant in Georgia,
made 36% in 1941; Sperry Gyro-
scope 37.9%; Ryan Aeronautical
3%. Wright Aeronautics, which
the Truman Committee charged
with manufacturing faulty engines
despite government inspectors' op-
position, made the juicy profit of
45.7% in 1941 and 250% before
deducting taxes.
These lush war profits, taken to-
gether with Congressional adoption
of the Ruml tax, plus Congressional
veto of the $25,000 salary ceiling,
plus current talk of a sales tax, is
not going to help lessen the rift be-
tween capital and labor, already in-
creased by the coal mine, anti-strike
bill controversies. t

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

i

THURSDAY, JULY 8, 1943
VOL. Lill, No. 8-S
All notices for The Daily Official Bulle-
tin are to be sent to the Office of the
Summer Session in typewritten form by
3:30 p.m. of the day preceding its publi-
cation, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Notices
Notice of Withholding Tax Deduc-
tions: All persons upon the Univer-
sity Payrolls for services rendered
after June 30, 1943, are notified that
under the federal "Current Tax Pay-
ment Act of 1943" there will be de-
ducted from each salary payment
made an amount equivalent to 20 per
cent of such payment above legal
exemptions to which any employee
shall be entitled. The University has
elected, unsder Federal authority, to
base this deduction, after legal ex-
emptions, upon 20 per cent of the
salary payment to each individual
calculated to the nearest dollar. Ev-
ery employee of the University, in
whatever, capacity, should secure, at
the Business Office, or at other of-
fices at which they will be available,
a copy of the Government withhold-
ing exemption certificate, Form W-4,
and should promptly fill out and
mail or file this exemption certifi-
cate at the Business Office at which
the certificate was obtained. The
burden of filling out and filing this,
form is under the law exclusively'
upon the employee and if it is not
filed in time the deduction of 20 per
cent must be taken upon the basis of
the employee's entire earnings with-
out benefit of the exemption to
which the employee would be en-
titled if he or she filed the certifi-
cate.
Vice-President and Secretary
-Shirley W. Smith
Change of Address: Any student
who has changed his address since
registering is urged to report the new
address to the Dean of Students,
Room 2, University Hall.
College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts, Schools of Education, For-
estry, Music, and Public Health:
Students who received marks of I or
X at the close of their last semester
or summer session of attendance will
receive a grade of E in the course or
courses unless this work is made up
by July 28. Students wishing an ex-
tension of time beyond this date in
ordes to make up this work should
file a petition addressed to the ap-
propriate official in their school with
Room 4 U.H., where it will be trans-
mitted.
_-Rbet,. cWilims-i

Ion from 12 noon to 12:15 p.m. each
Thursday until Aug. 19.
The Summer Chorus is being or-
ganized under the direction of Rose
Marie Grentzer of the School of Mu-
sic Faculty. It is open to civilian and
military students in any school or
college. No registration or member-
ship fee. Rehearsals 7:15-8:15 p.m.
Tuesdays and Thursdays. Auditor-
ium, School of Music.
The annual summer registration
meeting of the University Bureau of
Appointments and Occupational In-
formation will be held at 7:30 o'clock
this evening in Room 231 Angell
Hall, for all people interested in se-
curing new jobs or better jobs in all
walks of life. There will also be a
short discussion of the present situa-
tion regarding teaching government
and industrial employment.
Civilian Engineers: The need for
plasma by our armed forces is in-
creasing daily. 150 donors (other
than those in the service) are re-
quired to supply the July quota for
the Michigan Blood Bank, July 15-16.
Register before Friday afternoon of
this week at the Main Desk in the
Union, between noon and 4 p.m., or
in. the Engineering Arch.
-A. H. Lovell,
Assistant Dean
Events Today
Teachers of Commercial- Subjects:
There will be a get-acquainted meet-
ing of the teachers of Commercial
Subjects in the West Conference
Room of the Rackham Building at 8
o'clock this evening. Mr. Charles
Zoubek, certified shorthand reporter
and author of a number of books will
be present at the meeting.
At the regular International Cen-
ter Tea from 4 tq 6 this afternoon,,
three tables will be reserved for those
desiring to speak French, Spanish,
or Portuguese. Professor Julio del
Toro and his Spanish speaking group
will join the Spanish table, and Pro-
fessor Charles Koella will preside at
the French table. The nuclei of the
tables will be foreign students who
speak these languages. Faculty mem-
bers and foreign language students
are cordially invited to attend.
There will be a joint meeting of
Pi Lambda Thetans with the Women
in Education at 8 o'clock this eve-
ning in the West Conference Room
of the Rackham Building.
Xrench Club: The second meeting
of the French Club will be held thisI
evening at 8 in the Michigan League.
Program: "Impressions d'un etudianti
en France" by Mr. Robert Berahya,1
y-duat whnmstu ierd, Qrglt-a 1 r

Master of Music Degree at 8:30 this
evening in Hill Auditorium. The
public is cordially invited.
Coming Events
The Angell Hall Observatory will
be open to the public from 9:30 to 11
Saturday evening, July 10. The moon
will be shown through the telescopes.
Children must be accompanied by
adults.
International Center: A reception
for foreign students, faculty mem-
bers, iriterested American students,
and friends will be held at the In-
ternational Center Friday, July 9, at
8 p.m. Dr. and Mrs. Esson M. Gale
and specially invited guests will re-
ceive the visitors. Opportunity for
getting acquainted will be provided
newcomers, and refreshments will be
served.
Engineering Council: Meeting,
Wednesday, July 14, 7:30 p.m. in
Room 244 West Engineering. Any
member who is unable to attend
should call me at 7248.
-D. B. Wehmeyer, Secretary
The Graduate Outing Club: will
meet Sunday, July 11, at 2:30 p.m.
in the club quarters, just inside the
west entrance of the Rackham Buil-
ding on Huron Street, for a swim-
ming trip to Whitmore Lake. Mem-
bers may either bring food or secure
it at the lake. Those driving should
stop at the club for extra passengers.
Others will take the bus. Alterna-
tive program in case of bad weather.
-Winfred P. Wilson, Secretary
Zoology Concentrates: Students
planning to offer credits in Military
Science as part of the total of 90
hours required by the Medical School
should see me at once.
-F. H. Test
Dept. of Zoology
Academic Notices
Students, Summer Session, Col-
lege, Literature, Science, and Arts:
Except under extraordinary circurn-
stances, courses dropped after the
third week, Saturday, July 17, will
be recorded with a grade of E.
Students, Summer Session, Col-
lege, Literature, Science, and the
Arts: Courses may not be elected for
credit after the end of the second
week. Saturday, July 10, is there-
fore the last day on which new elec-
tions may be approved. The willing-
ness of an instructor to admit a stu-
dent later will not affect the opera-
tion of this rule. --E. A. Walter

FEAR OF PRESIDENTIAL POWER:
Senate Ban on Subsidies Puts Politics
Before Program To Curb Inflation

AFTER a series of votes, in which decisions
were repeatedly reversed, a rebellious Senate
vnable to make up its mind finally took another
stand against the administration's subsidy pro-
gram despite President Roosevelt's recent veto of
the ban.
As was the first, the new ban is written into
a measure to extend the life of the CCC. If
#ie House committee which is trying to work
N ut a compromise fails to make one compatible
to the Senate and Roosevelt, the fight against

in nothing but destruction of the political insti-
tutions of the country that tried it" are com-
pletely unsubstantiated by fact. As the Presi-
dent has said time and again, he realizes that
the subsidy program has its faults, but there has
been no better plan proposed to curb inflation.
In light of this fact, a carefully planned and
complete subsidy program is absolutely neces-
sary.
Canada and England have used subsidy pro-
grams durng this war very effectively, and

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