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July 04, 1943 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1943-07-04

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I
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4A-4
PRWI IWI, Wtr

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Weather
Occasional Showers

VOL. LIII, No. 6-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, JULY 4, 1943
Hundred Ja lanes RoutedoverCe

PRICE FIVE CENTS
itral

Solomons

Area

in

ew

Allied

Offensive

I

* * *

* * *

Italian Bases
Pulverized by
Allied Bombs
U.S. Liberators from
Levant Aid in. Assault
On Sicily, Mainland
By NOLAND NORGAARD
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
NORTH AFRICA, July 3.- ()-The
Allied assault on Italy's military air
fields rose to a new peak of fury yes-
terday when heavy and medium
American bombers from North Afri-
ca and the Middle East swung across
by daylight to pulverize four impor-
tant bases on Sicily and the Italian
mainland.
Only a few hours earlier heavy
British night bombers had poured
scores of tons of high explosives and
fire bombs on the battered cities of
Palermo and Catania, Sicily, and
Cagliari, on Sardinia.
The attack on Palermo was termed
"heavy and successful," with two-
ton blockbusters heading the de-
struction.
100 Liberators Bomb Italy
In what a U.S. communique de-
scribed as "a sudden intensification
of the attack," nearly 100 four-en-
gined Liberators of the Middle East
command swarmed over the "hell" of
Italy to drop more than 400,000
pounds of bombs on Axis airdromes
at Lecce, Grottagie and San Pan-
crazio-all within the aerial defense
zone protecting the big Italian naval
base at Taranto.
It was the biggest offensive action
yet staged by Liberators of the Cairo
command. Three were lost as clouds
of Germans and Italian fighters rose
to defend their home fields, but 12
Axis planes were destroyed, paying
the penalty for getting within range
of the Liberators' machine-guns.
Direct Hits Scored
Dispersal areas at all three air-
dromes were blanketed with frag-
mentation bombs, direct hits were
scored on hangars and runways and
bursts were seen throughout the tar-
get areas, a communique said. At
Lecce bursts of smoke covered the
field, indicating hits on grounded
aircraft, and at least two were de-
stroyed at Grottaglie, the announce-
ment said. It was American preci-
sion bombing at its best.
Food Subsidies
RecommenIded
Senate Group Agrees
With Byrnes On Plan
WASHINGTON, July 3.- (P)_
Authority for payment of up to
$525,000,000 in subsidies between now
and Jan. 1 was recommended by the
Senate Banking Committee today I
after a three-houi' closed session
with War Mobilization Director
Byrnes and other high administra-
tion officials.
The authority would be extended
-and limited to that sum-by an
amendment to a House-approvedi
resolution renewing the life of the
Commodity Credit Corporation for
six months and increasing its bor-
rowing power from $2,650,000,000 to
an even $3,000,000,000.
The House approved the CCC ex-
tender, after sustaining President
Roosevelt's veto of an earlier meas-
ure which attempted to place a
drastic ban on subsidy payments in-
tended to roll back the price of food.
Senator Taft (Rep-Ohio), sponsor
of the amendment limiting subsidy

payments for the balance of the year
to the $525,000,000 total, pointed out
that the language of- the provision
did not restrict rollback payments
which have been made to processors
under the administration's subsidy
plan reducing butter and meat pri-
ces.
Russians Th.war t
German thrijsts

Goebbel's

Second Guess

At Invasion Backfires

By RUSSELL LANDSTROM
Associated Press Correspondent
LONDON, July 3.-(/P)-Ponderous
attempts at levity by Paul Joseph
Goebbels' propanga machine today
could not quite conceal the misgiv-
ings within Nazi Europe as the sec-
ond date set by the Germans for an
Allied invasion passed with scarcely
more than the usual flow of reports
from belligerent and neutral capi-
tals.
Stories of spreading uneasiness
Congress Votes
To KIll NYA
War Activities
Decision Goes Through
In Spite of 'Truman's
Pleas To Save Agency
WASHINGTON, July 3.- (P-
Congress agreed today to kill the
National Youth Administration (N.
Y. A.)
The decision to end the agency
which was created eight years ago
as a work relief organization came
when the Senate accepted by a 39 to
33 vote a House demand that NYA
be given only $3,000,000 to finar.4c
its liquidation at the end of 1943.
The argument of Senator Truman
Originally, the Senate had voted the
agency $48,000,000 to continue oper-
ation for the fiscal year ending nextI
(Dem.-Mo.) of the Senate's War In-
vestigating Committee that NYA'sy
program of training youths for war
industry work is "absolutely essen-
tial" failed to save the agency. Op-
ponents of NYA had contended NYA
was inducing youths to leave farmst
for work in shipyards and was en-
gaged in "silly, crazy, cock-eyed" ac-
tivities.
The provision abolishing NYA was
written into a $1,136,000,000 appro-
priation bill for labor-security pro-
grams. Agreement of the House and
Senate on the NYA amendment3
brought the two houses a long stepa
nearer final accord on the appropri-
ation measure, one of a group of big
money bills to supply funds for theE
fiscal year started three days ago
and over which Congress has beenG
in dispute.
Congressional action was complet-
ed by the Senate on a $143,000,000'
deficiency appropriation bill con-
taining a provision cutting from the
government payroll on next Nov. 15
three officials accused by House
committees of membership in sub-
versive organizations.
Involved are Dr. Robert Morss
Lovett, secretary to the Virgin Is-
lands government; William E. Dodd,
Jr., and Goodwin Watson, Federal
Communications Commission em-
ployes.

within Hitler's fortress kept coming.
Stockholm newspaper reports assert-
ed that Deichsmarshall Herman
Goering was "very ill," having suf-
fered a "nervous breakdown with
serious heart trouble after taking a
cure."
The reports said two specialists
and Goering's wife were at his side
almost uninterruptedly and that only
intimates were permitted to see the
Air Chief.
Obviously inspired by Goebbels, the
Paris radio put on during the day a
heavy-footed "humorous" program
ridiculing Allied plans for an attack
on Europe. The date of July 3 for the
Allied push was set arbitrarily by
Goebbels after his previous guess of
June 22 had not borne fruit.
Starting at 7 a.m. and breaking
into the program at intervals until
early afternoon, voices from "some-
where in 'rance" kept listeners ad-
vised of the invasion situation. It was
designed to be extremely funny.
The apparent reason for the Ger-
man build-up of the alleged invasion
date was to arouse the hopes of the
populace of the occupied countries
and then to crush them withv ridi-
cule. At one time today the Paris
announcer told them with heavy
satire that "the hour of liberation is
striking."
Universty Club
Feels Horrors
Of Modern War
"Sorry, sir, but the Army has all

the soup spoons," has become the
stock reply of weary waitresses in
the Union University Club every
time a prcfessor asks for a means
of eating his soup.
Since Army engineers anr Ian-
Since Army engineers and lan-
cended on the Union cafeteria for
their meals, no soup spoons have
been available for faculty mem-
bers who eat in the nearby Uni-
versity Club. As soup forms part
of the menu every day, the short-
age has created serious problems.
Forced to eat their piece de re-
sistance with an ordinary tea-
spoon, the professors have taken
to avoiding the dish. One soup-lov-
ing soul, however, demanded
straws in desperation.
The crowning blow fell today
when it developed that the Army
has not been served soup since it
began to eat in the cafteria last
Monday. Said Lt. Miller of the Ian-
guage area group, "Every day we
file past a pile of soup spoons.
Every day we wonder what they
are doing there and where the soup
is. Now we hear that the faculty
has been eating soup with tea-
spoons so the Army can use soup
spoons for soup that we haven't
had."

Planes Convoy
Vital Supplies
Across Ocean
Give Complete 'Shore
To Shore Coverage'
Against Nazi Subs
LONDON, July 3. -(')- Carrier-
borne and land-based planes, team-
ing to provide "complete shore-to-
shore air cover" spanning the Atlan-
tic, have helped bring a valuable con-
voy over that dangerous sea "with-
out interference from powerful forces
of U-boats," it was announced today.
A joint Admiralty and Air Min-
istry communique describing con-
tinuous air protection against sub-
marines declared that'in attacks over
a two-day period recently one U-boat
was destroyed, another was probably
destroyed, and "others may have
been damaged."
The escort carrier I.L.M.S. Archer
and her planes took up the task of
air protection between the time that
the convoy moved out of range of
land-based planes on the western
side of the Atlantic, and reached the
range of those based in Britain. The
convoy crossed "a few weeks ago."
"Close air cover was provided dur-
ing the initial stage of the passage
by Hudson, Ventura, Liberator and
Catalina aircraft of the Royal Can-
adian Air Force Eastern Air Com-
Imand and during the final stage by
Liberator, Sunderland and Halifax
aircraft of the Royal Air Force
Coastal Command," the communique
said.
"The mid-Atlantic gap between the
extreme escorting ranges of these
shore-based aircraft was bridged by
Swordfish and Martlet aircraft from
the escort carrier H.M.S. Archer."
Aircraft from the Archer scored
the one confirmed kill, diving out
of a cloud cover on a submarine 15
miles from the convoy,
"The submarine made repeated
and unsuccessful attempts to dive.
It then endeavored to get underway
on the surface, turning in slow cir-
cles with oil pouring from its tanks."
Later it was abandoned and sank,
and a number of survivors were pick-
ed up.
Depth charges from an airplane of
the fleet air arm probably sank an-
other U-boat, a Liberator of the
coastal command attacked a third,
and naval aircraft forced two others
to dive. The conning tower of one
submarine was peppered by gunfire
from a plane.
Local Students
Crowd Holiday
Trains, Busses
University students will get their
first vacation of the semester tomor-
row as school facilities close down
for a long Fourth of July weekend.
Hundreds of students and soldiers
with weekend passes crowded the
Michigan Central station yesterday
and officials said that ticket sales
were much higher than usual.
* * *1
Detroit Riot Aftermath
DETROIT, July 3-UP)-This met-
ropolitan area started a long holi-
day week-end today with its cele-
bration of the Fourth of July guarded
by soldiers.
There was no holiday for the
troops sent here nearly two weeks
ago after race rioting in Detroit
streets had cost 34 lives. Their rou-
tine for the week-end was un-
changed.

On public behavior over the holi-
days rested the decision as to when
the troops will start their movement
out of the area. Brig.-Gen. William
E. Guthner of the Sixth Service
Command, under whose direction the
troops operated, will confer Monday
with Governor Kelly and Mayor Ed-
ward J. Jeffries to review the situ-
ation.
General Guthner has said the
troops would depart only when civil
authorities considered the danger of
new racial fighting had ended.
I!I lP °.s mnd Yl CP. fP

WASHINGTON, July 3.-(IP)-The
Army, an informed source said today,
has agreed to turn over to hard-
pressed civilian industry 10 per cent
of the 130,000 students it is sending
to college for specialized training.
The informant, who asked to be
anonymous, said the 130,000 to be
relinquished would be students of en-
gineering, since the Army wants to
At the present time, there are
more than 500 Army engineers
studying at the University. The
period of training for these men
varies from three to eighteen
months.
hold on to its medical trainees and
others in highly-technical categories.
The men released by the Army will
not be selected until they have com-
pleted their courses, it was said.
Meanwhile, they will be indistin-
guishable from their fellow soldier-
students, required to complete the
13-week basic military training
course and to wear uniforms while
attending school.
Most of those released for civilian
work probably will be men the Army
could use only for limited service be-
cause of physical handicaps.
The Army's decision was in re-
sponse to an appeal from the War
Manpower Commission for the re-
lease of some engineering college
Seek Midwest
Gas Regulationt
WASHINGTON, July 3. -(,P)-
Tightened restrictions on gasoline
use in the mid-west-so that some of
its motor fuel may be sent to the
east-were recommended today by a
senate committee which also urged
broader authority over all oil prob-
lems for Secretary Ickes.
The committee, headed by Senator
Maloney (Dem.-Conn.) and appoint-
ed to investigate gasoline and fuel
oil shortages, said the outlook for re-
lief was not good.

ease acute shortages.
graduates in this summer's classes to
It coincided with authoritative re-
ports that a projected WMC pro-f
gram calling for a $50,000,000 appro-
priation to help some 100,000 needy
youths get wartime college training
for work in vital industry had gotten
no further than the Budget Bureau.
The plan also had been received
coolly in congressional committees it
was reported.
Language Area
Men of ASTP 1
Arrive Here
More than 200 men in the Army;
Specialized Training Language Area
Program scheduled to begin July 12
are already on campus.
These men are to study virtually
every modern European language, in
preparation for the Army of Occu-
pation.
Before the program begins, ap-.
proximately 50 more men will ar-
rive. They will reside in Fletcher
Hall and fraternity houses.
All men selected for these courses
already have a speaking knowledge
of the language they are to study,
and have an advanced classification
in the ASTP.
A large number of the men in this
group have spent considerable time
abroad in the countries whose lang-
uages they will study.
The men who have already arrived
on campus have been reprocessing
Fletcher Hall and the fraternities
into Army barracks.
Their mornings have been devoted
to refresher courses concerning the
political, economic and geographical
aspects of the various countries. One
hour each day has been spent in a
current events lecture given by Uni-
versity professors.
All the language courses to be
studied will be given by University
professors.

Allies Menace New Gcorgia Bases
:. . . . . . . . : _:: H a r b
KOLOMBANGARAz. vlsuvlsu 1
i~r.:G SRTGAEMIS
sBs
Rendov:' Harbor
rA Renard -CLIFF
- **~*VANGUNA
RENDOVA
TE TI PAR
fter capturing Rendova Island in the Central Solomons, Allied
forces today menaced Japanese instlaions at Munda Point (north-
western New Georgia). Munda is only five miles from Rendova. Virm
Harbor, the only one suitable for large ships, has been captured. Other
raids ranged through the entire Netherlands East Indies area
ENGINEERS WANTED:
C g Trainees from Arm

Gains -Made
Throughout
Attack Area
Three Light Enemy
Cruisers, 4 Nipponese
Destroyers Driven Off
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
AUSTRALIA, July 4. (Sunday)-(P)
-One hundred Japanese planeshave
been routed in the last two days of
sky fighting over the newly-invaded
central Solomons and enemy plane
losses in that area of the Pacific of-
fensive have mounted to 134, it was
announced today.
In far flung battles 'for control of
the air, the enemy also was routed
over the scene of American landings
at Nassau Bay, New Guinea; his biv-
ouac areas near his menaced air
base on Munda on New Georgia was
blasted by 28 tons of bombs dropped
by torpedo and divebombers; his
mighty air fortress of Rabaul was
set ablaze by 22 tons- of bombs in
the fourth straight Allied raid; his
air base at Kendari, Dutch Celebes,
was rocked by 16 tons of bombs by
Allied planes which had to make a
1,500 mile round trip flight; and hi
airdrome at Koepang, on Dutch Ti-
mor, 500 miles northwest of Darwin,
underwent a heavy attack.
Seven Ships Chased
In the darkness of early morning
Saturday, three Japanese light cruis
ers and four destroyers succeeded in
lobbing a few shells on Rendova Is-
land in the Solomons where the
Americans landed Wednesday but
the shelling was characterized as "in-
effective" and American warships
chased the enemy units away.
The Japanese units moved up to
Renard Cove seven miles southwest
of Ugali on the north end of Rendova
Island to place their shells at Ren-
dova plantation.
Whether they sought to ascertain
the strength of our naval forces was
not disclosed but they pulled out as
soon as the American warships
moved in. Meanwhile, our troops
went on about the business of con-
solidating positions.
Japanese Send 100 Planes
The Japanese, battling against
American control of the air over the
newly-conquered positions, sent over
100 planes- Friday and Saturday.
Against the 50 encountered Friday
were pitted only seven Allied fight-
ers but the seven downed six of the
enemy and dispersed the remainder
with a loss of only three planes. And
one of the pilots was saved. On Sat-
urday 50 more enemy planes fought
it out with 10 American planes, los-
ing five against three of ours.
Today's communique also told of
continued Allied efforts to conquer
the New Georgia area.
Allied ships poured shells into en-
emy positions on Vangunu, an is-
land off the southeastern tip of New
Georgia.
Baritch Investigates
Jones-Wallace Tilt
WASHINGTON, July 3.- ()--
Bernard M. Baruch, adviser extra-
ordinary to the administration, has
taken a hand in efforts to straighten
out policy differences between the
Board of Economic Warfare (BEW)
and the Reconstruction Finance Cor-
poration (RFC) which led to the
feud between Vice-President Wal-
lace and Secretary of Commerce
Jesse Jones.
Disclosure of Baruch's efforts was
made today by Milo Perkins, BEW's
executive director, in a report to the

joint committee on reduction of non-
essential federal expenditures, head-
ed by Senator Byrd (Dem.-Va.)
Perkins did not indicate whether
intervention by the Chairman of the
War Industries board of the First
World War and the present assistant
to War Mobilization Director James
F. Byrnes, is continuing in the light
of the explosive exchanges which
have taken place between Wallace
and Jones.
-B UnnT ~LLEA TN-avLP

NVO Sill lr,IA w -l' 4 1;1 #

Ann Arbor LaundryS ituaion
Makes Clean Clothes Valuable

i

-

By MARGARET FRANK
A pile of fresh laundry is get-
ting to be more valuable than but-
ter to students and servicemen as
local laundries find themselves
swamped by war-expanded busi-
ness.
Laundry and cleaning crises in
Ann Arbor arc "extremely critical"
--the worst in ar'y city in the mid-
west," laundry owners yesterday
disclosed.
A week to two is needed to get
clothes washed and countless bun-
dles are being turned away daily.
Owners blamed the acute sitia-
tion on shortage of labor. One
manager estimated that his shop
was getting along on one-third the
labor employed last year, and he
said that he doubted if all the peo-
ple employed in laundries could
adequately staff a single plant.
Hit hardest by the laundry crisis

last month and found that much
vital equipment is lying idle be-
cause workers cannot be found.
"We finally made an agreement
with a Detroit laundry to take care
of the bulk of the work, but if the
situation gets worse our laundry
may be sent to Camp Custer where
hat plant will put on an extra
night shift to take care of it,"
Capt. Ross Zartman of the
Quartermasters Corps said yester-
day.
"We checked laundries at Ionia
and Jackson state prisons, here,
we found a large enough labor sup-
ply but limited equipment," he
said. "The situation is by no means
solved as far as the Army is con-
cerned but some arrangement will
undoubtedly be made in the next
few weeks."
Laundry owners said the reason

WHO DONE IT?
Ladies in Retirement', Mystery
Thriller, To Open Wednesday

Ann Arbor theatre-goers who en-I
joy a mystery melodrama will have
a chance to satisfy their demands
when "Ladies in Retirement", pre-I
sented by the Michigan Repertory
Players, opens at 8:30 p.m. Wednes-
day on the stage of the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre.
Featured in this popular "who-
done-it" English murder story will
be Blanche Holpar as the wealthy
and trusting benefactress, Leonora
Fiske.
Claribel Baird, already well known

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