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July 04, 1943 - Image 2

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1943-07-04

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PAGE TWO

THE MICHIGAN DATILY

-S AY, TMY 4, 1943

i --- --- -

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p

'U' Professor
Turns Down
Raise Request
Sharfman Puts Dispute
In FDR's Lap Because
Of Lack of Authority
WASHINGTON, July 3.- (P)- A
new administrative dispute was
dumped on the White House door-
step today when I L. Sharfman,
chairman of the railroad emergency
board, turned down flatly stabiliza-
tion director Fred M. Vinson's re-
quest that the board reconsider its
recommendation for an 8 cents an
hour wage increase for non-operat-
ing railway employes.
Sharfman, professor of economics
at the University of Michigan, is not
a government employe. Under the
Railway Mediation Act, special
boards are appointed to consider la-
bor disputes and report to the presi-
dent. Sharfman headed the one in
this case.
Blames Lack of Power
Sharfman told Vinson in a letter
that he was without authority to re-
convene the board. At a press con-
ference, he added that the stabiliza-
tion director "is trying to tell us how
to settle the dispute and we are the
only ones having that authority.
The board, Sharfman said, had
recommended to the President what
it deemed to be a fair and reasonable
settlement, and there was no point
in reconsidering it.
Vinson set aside the award on the
grounds that it violated wage stabili-
zation policies. In a memorandum
opinion, he suggested that the board
mnight-use a test as to whether wages
are "substandard" in reconsidering
the matter.
FDR's Intervention Needed
In view of his convention he was
without power to reconvene the
board, it appeared }hat direct pres-
idential intervention would be re-
quired in the form either of appoint-
ment of a new board or perhaps a
special order for the board to recon-
vene.
Railroad union spokesmen already
have protested strongly to Mr.
Roosevelt against Vinson's decision.
Memorandum Doesn't Apply
Writing to Vinson, Sharfman said:
"Essentially this (Vinson's) mem-
orandum opinion, does not confine
itself to, or even deal primarily with,
the effects of our findings and rec-
ommendations upon the stabilization
program; it seeks, rather, to mold
the terms of settlement of the dis-
pute between the carriers and their
employes-which is a function, I
venture to believe, entrusted exclus-
ively to the emergency board.
"The procedures you suggest are,
in my judgment, entirely unworkable
in the circumstances of this pro-
ceeding, except insofar as they may
be effectuated through arbitrary ac-
tion.
"There is no sound basis, ground-
ed in available facts, for declaring
in this nation-wide industry that all
wage rates below a uniform desig-
nated level involve substandards of
living; nor is there any basis for rec-
ommending tapering adjustments in
so-called related job classifications."
July 4th Holida
Lost in War Work1
Sunday, July 4.-W)-The peace-1
time practice of taking an extra day
off when the Fourth of July comes
on Sunday will be lost this year in
tihe dust of America's highspeed war
production.
Full-time working schedules over

the July 3-4-5 week-end are in order
for Joe the war plant worker al-
though banks, many stores and otherj
establishments will be closed tomor-
row.
The War Production Board
(WPB) said it had received promises
of general adherence to Chairman1
Donald M. Nelson's request that war
workers celebrate Independence Day
on Sunday only instead of carrying
the holiday over into Monday.

Th' Winnal-And Th' L'oser

Pacific War Theatre Claims World Spotlight

By GLENN BABB
Associated Press Correspondent
While the great forces besieging
and defending Hitler's European
fortress remained poised last week
I for the first onset of the Allies' 1943
offensive the war in the Pacific
claimed the spotlight. Against the
European end of the Axis the United
Nations waged the war of the air and
the war of nerves but against the
Asiatic end they loosed a formidable
combination of air, land and sea
I power.
But while these forces were in act-
ual clone-quarter contact with the
enemy holding Japan's outermost de-
fenses it was strongly indicated that
this, like the continued air assault on
Europe, was merely a preparatory
phase for far larger undertakings.
In Ehrope the Axis lands, especial-
ly Italy, lived from day to day under
the shadow of imminent invasion.
They knew that it might come at any
moment and the Allies did nothing
to lessen their anxieties. Axis propa-
ganda insisted throughout the week
that the American-British attack
was coming on Saturday. When it did
not--and there never had been any
Allied suggestion that it would-Doc-

tor Goebbels tried to comfort his peo- The Allied-chiefly American-of-
ple with the idea that the Allied fensive in the southwest Pacific
tietablehadgno basis outsidsfth opened Wednesday, June 30, along a
Goebbels imagination; the prepara- 700-mile arc, endig the deadlock
tions for the invasion, from all in- that had persisted in that theatre
dications, moved ahead surely and since the Allies cleared the last Jap-
implacably. anese from Guadalcanal and mopped

up the Papua area of New Guinea in
January and February. General Mac-
Arthur was in supreme command of
the new operation, which drew on
the naval, ground and air forces of
Admiral Halsey's South Pacific com-
mand as well as MacArthur's own
American-Australian-British forces.

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Blind People I
Supporting, U.

By KATHRYN :UMPHREY
Associated Press Correspondent

DETROIT, July 3.- UP)- "You go
blind-you sit around, listen to the
radio-your wife has to go out and
pick up a job-your self esteem goes
down."
With these cryptic phrases, Cletus
Dahl, proprietor of the Blind-Made
Products Company here, described
blindness. Blind for many years
himself; Dahl knows what he is talk-
ing about.
He was not, however, asking for
sympathy from sighted people, but
rather for action from the blind
themselves.

}
7

Seated across from Dahl in the
small crowded office, Harold F. War-
man, a tall distinguished looking
gentleman who was blinded suddenly
a few years ago, nodded vehemently
in approval.
"The sooner a man does some
work for money after he's blind, the
better off he is," Warman, who is
business manager of the Leader-Dog
League for the Blind, commented.
Concerned with all who are blind,
but particularly with those who lose
their sight in this war, Dahl said,
"There are a good many war-blind
back already, and there will be a lot
more."
"Social workers and rehabilita-
tion people feel, you know, that
one should take a year off to be-
come adjusted to being blind," he
continued. "We don't. We know
you get into a rut that way. Start
working, do something productive,
make a place for yourself in the
world and the adjustment will
come.
Warman put in here, "The young
men who will come back from the
war blind have been raised and edu-
cated as sighted people, just as I
was. They are used to freedom and
action, and will be ,happier when
they can do something for them-
selves."
Enlarging on Warman's point,
Dahl told of a Detroiter who was
blinded in an accident just two
weeks previously. "He's coming to
work here Monday," Dahl said en-
thusiastically "I had a hard time
persuading him, but he's decided it's
for the best. He's a big man, six
feet six, has a family and owns his
own home. If he only makes $10
next week, he'll have started toward
being independent."
Blind persons don't want and
shouldn't have sympathy, accord-
ing to Warman, who helps place
the blind in jobs. "The hardest

Ilust Become Self
seful Says Dahli
part is to educate employers to
this fact," he declared adding:
"I think one of the biggest fields
for the blind is selling-from house
to house, store to store or town to
town. Just recently a well known
brush company in Detroit was per
suaded to put on a crew of blind
salesmen. Their deliveries will have
to be made by sighted men; other-
wise they can do all the work them-
selves. It's an opening wedge."
Dahl went blind while he was in
high school, but finished his school-
ing at the state school in Lansing.
Then he came back home to Detroit
and, in his words, "sat around".
Three years ago he decided to do
something, so he wrote a few men
he knew in school who also were
"just sitting."
"They were hard to persuade, but
finally came around when this bus-
iness was started," Dahl said.
From that start three years ago,
Dahl has not only found indepen-
dence for himself but for the 70 or
80 persons he now employs at the
Blind-Made Products Company.
Except for the office force, two
shop inspectors, and shipping
clerks, all employes, including
salesmen, are blind.
The workers make brooms, brush-
es, throw rugs, mats, purses and the
like. Up to now, Dahl says, the com-
pany has absorbed all the available
trained blind workers in the state,
so he is now training his new em-
ployes.
The fact that these workers, most
of whom were formerly dependent
on Others, are not being employed
by charity or being subsidized by the
government helps a lot toward a
feeling of independent security, Dahl
pointed out, adding that they also
feel they're getting an even break
because they are making average
wages.

.I

. 7.,

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