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July 02, 1943 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1943-07-02

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ide A ?t'JULY 3,t . . 1943

Fifty-Third Year


KN I~n JrAE-.n ."< . . .
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year. and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
lication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mal matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43
Editorial Staff
Marion Ford . . . . Managing Editor
Bud Brimmer . . . . Editorial Director
Leon Gordenker . . . . . City Editor
Harvey Frank . . . . . Sports Editor
Busness Staff
Jeanne Lovett . . . . . Business Manager
Molly Winokur . . Associate Business Manager
Telephone 23-24.1
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
One Billion Dollar FSA
Loans Must Be Allowed
\ 'W HY IS IT," Paul Sifton, a National Farmers
Union official, asks, "that 17 months after
Pearl Harbor American agriculture is practically
on the farming as usual basis, unlike American
industry which, with all its mistakes, has in the
same period of time given us the greatest indus-
trial war production in the world?"
This is a question which can be anwered by
a brief review of the home front battle that
has been raging betweeji the commerial farm-
p s' Hunger Bloc and the lower income farm
families. With stringent commodity .and foodi
shortages as the 1943 prospect too few Ameri-
ean people have been aware of this skirmsh
and even fewer are the Congressmen who have
deigned. to become concerned about it.
Today in the UnitedStates, according to Sif-
ton, there are about 1,840,000 farm families, who,
with little government assistance in loans and
in farm management service and supervision,
can greatly increase the production of vital
foods. Yet, due to pressure brought on Cngress
by the Hunger Bloc of large scale commercialized
farmers, that body has been steadily whittling
away the funds of the Farm Security Adminis-
tration to the point where only 463,000 of these
families are being helped by the FSA.
Estimates show that the small amount of help
given to these 463,000 families which comprise
only 7.6% of all farmers has stepped up food
production as much as 38% in the case of milk,
27% in the case of dry beans, and 10% in the
case of eggs, chickens and peanuts.
But there is still another 1,390,900 families
waiting, ready and anxious to go into maxi-
mum production of war vital food whenever
the people of the United States, acting through
the government, give the word.
SIFTON estimates that these farmers could in-
crease the production of milk 250%, and
when their number is added to those already re-
ceiving FSA aid, they could produce as much as
75% and not less than 16% of the hoped for in-
crease in s'oybeans, eggs, beef, peanuts, beet
sugar, pork, chickens and dry beans.
This increased FSA aid means that production
loans averaging $700 per farm would b.e made
by the government. These would total one bil-
lion dollars, the amount spent by the govern-
ment in five days of warfare, and the returns on
these loans in terms of increased food production
would be invaluable. This is a proposal which is
by no means new.
The National Farmers Union has repeatedly
urged that Congress increase FSA appropria-

tions so that these small farmers , could be
given help. Yet a reactionary Congressi ol
farm bloc has opposed these. Measures at every
Spokesmen for large scale agriculture have
resisted expansion of food production. They op-
pose conversion of land, equipment and man-
power from the production of less-needed to
more-needed foods, because in the face of rising
demand, a smaller supply would bring larger
IMMEDIATELY after Pearl Harbor the Hunger
B1oc proposed to liquidate the FSA, despite
the President's declaration that its continuance
was a vital necessity. He asked for increased
appropriations for that body which the Senatej
made, the House opposed, and out of the. lgog
fight that ensued, the FSA received a $97,000,000
' hAniu,- that. wnri 5,,, na in H0 n'ohp nn in an I.

Mihailovich Exposed
By Escaped Partisans
to Yugoslavia. But he is not alone. The en-
tire former Yugoslav government, which recent-
ly resigned, has been part of a reactionary pro-
Axis campaign to destroy the partisan Yugoslav
People's Liberating Army, which has been suc-
cessfsully harassing the Axis.
The whole vileand nefariu.s plot, and tpe,
part played in it by the BBC and the London
Yugoslav Government, was revealed recently in
Britain by three Yugoslav partisans who were
captured.by the Germans almost a year ago,
and who escaped; toBritain. Thei story fol-
MOST OF US started fighting a mponth or so
after the Germans came in, in July or
August, 1941. General Mihailovitch, who had
fled to the mountains during the war, stayed pat
during these two months. On Sept. 13, he and
the Chetniks signed an agreement with the High
Command of. the People's Liberating Army, and
we thought we were allies.
On Sept. 27, Captain Kosievich Petrovich with
a detachment of. 2,000 Chetniks attacked a gar-
rison of partisans stationed in a small town. The
partisan High Command immediately got in
touch withMihailovitch and asked him if.Petro-
vich's men were under his command. Mihailo-
itch denied thatthey were, so the, patisans sent
lorries with reinforcements and drove out the
Chetnik detachment. Then, surprisingly, Mi-
hailovitch admitted that Petrovich was an offi-
cer in his forces, but oered toturn him over to
the partisans for summary execution. A new
agreement was signed between the partisans and
From September to Nqvember lp41, no less
than six of these agreements were consumlu-
mated. In every inportant action by the par-
tisans against the army of occupation, Mihail-
ovich Chetpiks would stab them in the back.
Qply one did Mlhaiovich fight on the same
side as the partisans and that as 'in October
Mihailovich by November was being praised
in the Quisling press which was crediting him
with having turned over 350 partisans to the
Axis for execution.
In its last agreement with Wihailovich late in
November 1941' the partisan command decided
to give Mihailovich, who was pleading innoent
to the "excesses" of his officers, 5,000 of their
treasurer rifles produced in their own factories.
In the very same month, when the partisan for-
ces were engaged in fierce combat with the Axis
enemy, Mihailovich and 5,000 CheJnik attacked
from the rear. As a result, the partisans de-
clared Miaiovich a traitor and launched an
extermination campaign against his forces which
was going very successfully when, clear out of the
blue, the Yugoslav Government in London ap-
pointed Mihailovich Minister of War.
The timing of the reactionaries in London
was excellent. Mihailvlch was at his lowest
ebb and might have ben .exterminated, giv-
ing birth to a uni.ted people's anti-Axis move-
ment. Itowever,.with ti lodon government
actively supporting Mihailovich, much of the
spirit of tfie partisans was broken, giving Mi-
hailovich the needed breathing spell to reor-
ganize his forces. He was also aided by the
Germans who dropped paMphlets saying: Why
should you fight when the English as well as
the Germans are agaist you?
:N T9,MEANWHILE many Chetnik officrs
and men came over to the partisans. The
partisans did all they could to build up morale
by propagandizing the little Soviet aid they re-
ceived by air. However, their faith in the British
was shaken forever as they heard victory after
victory against the Axis, bought at the cost of
the lives of their comrades, reported as the work
of the. Axis cllaborator Mihailovich.
The People's Liberating Army kept on fight-
ing. Nor did Mihailovich step ot of the pic-

not analyze the present situation, but it
is clear just what Mihailovich is doing in Yu-
goslavia. Ltke millions of reactionaries, he be-
lieves that an armed and socially cgnscious peo- .
Pe are at least as dangerous as the foreign fas-
cists. He is not averse to fighting the Nazis as
long as the fight will be uot for a democratic
socialistic Yugoslavia, but for a backward reac-
tionary one.
The people of Yugoslavia do not share his
views, except perhaps for a few ultra-national-
istic Serbs. They remember too well the racial
discrimination against the Croats and Slovenes,
the suppression of unions, and the other myriad
anti-democratic acts of the pre-war regime. They
want a, new and better world to live in and the
escaped partisans report, that just as the Chi-
nese Red Army used to do, they are putting their
social and political ideas into practice in the
areas under their control. All we can say is:
Keep fighting, .)eep building your new world,
Yugoslav partisans, we're all for you!
- El Podliashuk

Stephan's Death Woni 1
Not Have Won the W ar
AFTER A YEAR of legal bickering, Max Ste-
phan will take up residence for the remain-
der of his natural life in one of the government's
federally endowed prisons.
Treason in wartime was his grime-a crime
punishable by death, and throughout the year
he, heard three courts and three judges uphold
the tradition that a traitor must die. "hanged
by the neck until dead" was his sentence.
His record was an amazing one and four times
his case appeared before the U.S. Supreme Court,
twice, before the federal circuit of appeals. His
-tearful puffed face graced the front pages of
Detroit papers week after week.
Because he believed "that the sentence im-
posed was too severe" President Roosevelt com-
muted Stephan's sentence to life imprisonment
and loosed upon himself some of the most reac-
tionary, stupid criticism of the war. His action
has been branded as a direct aid to the Axis..
BECAUSE one man's life was not taken, critics
choose to seize this occasion as an oppor-
tunity to say all the uncomplimentary things
they can against the President. Politically the
President's move was not wise. However, it was
humane and based on a law that defines treason
in terms .of different qualities.
Stephan did not design a deliberate plot to
sabotage America's war effort, his crime was
aiding a prisoner of war.
That blubbering man who took the witness
stand time and time again in his own defense is
certainly a poor example of humanity, but ac-
cording to democratic principles and ideals he
has a right to live.
The people who rant and rail, against the
President's action are merely admitting that
the President is far beyond his time.
If democratic law is to be maintained there
must be no exceptions. Not even emotional ex-
ceptions like Max Stephan. - Margaret F'ank
I'd Rather
Be lkRight
NEW YORK, July 2.- I would not take too
much comfort from the German delay in start-
ing the offensive against Russia. Maybe a grain
or two of comfort, but better not make a meal
of it.
For the German people are probably taking
comfort from the delay, too. It is like a reprieve
for them. It is a pause in their dying.
German delay in striking at Russia fits into
Hitler's propaganda picture of Europe as a for-
tress defending itself against deadly enemies.
Hitler has tried to rally the Germans to him by
making his war appear to be a war of defense.
If there is no major offensive against Russia, and
no major change of any kind in the European
picture this summer, there may even result in a
lift in German morale. Let us remember the
days when we used to base our happiness on the
fact that no major change was taking place.
If we are glad that nothing big is happening
on the Russian front, why should not the Ger-
mans be glad of that, too? This year's nothing
is a big improvement for them over last year's
The whispered hope may go through Germany
that, after all, she holds a great part of the
Ukraine; it is now the third summer since the
Ukraine was scorched; its physical wounds are
healing; it may begin to provide food; while Ger-
many merely fights a defensive war. Defensive
wars are popular. Even rabbits fight them.

Current talk about how marvelous it is that
the German offensive has been delayed takes
us back to an earlier period in the war, when
we appeared to have no affirmative program
of our own, when it seemed like an enormous
victory for us if Germany were merely not at-
tacking. We used to dread the summers and
long for winter and bad weather, because then
the German machine would halt. There are
ten miles of open ideological space between the
hope that Germany has stubbed her toe, and
the deliberate desire to smash her armies by
our own creative effort and will.
Russia's contribution has been her disdain of
the winter lull, her refusal to accept the winter
lull, her invention of the winter war.
I should imagine that all sound strategists,
similarly, if they were conscious of military su-
periority, would want a German offensive, would
welcome it, would even seek to provoke it. That
should be our spirit in the year 1943, and not
this flashback to 1940's mood of comfort in inac-
The real question for us to worry our pretty
little heads about is not whether Germany is
able to take the offensive, but whether we are.
If we are, then a German offensive against
Russia would be useful to us, by further
stretching and extending Germany's armies
and supplies, and making her all the more
vulnerable to a blow in the west.
If we are really panting for an offensive of our
own, we can draw no heart's-ease whatever from
the absence of a German. ditto. The mood of
rejoicing that the German armies are avoiding a
-4''c anA fr .nirlnnn of af


WASHINGTON, July 3.-White
House intimates say they have
never seen the President so reso-
lute on any issue as on the ques-
tion of holding the price line. One
of his intimate advisers remarked:
"The President really had his
Dutch up when he fi'ed Chester
Usually Roosevelt would rather
find a compromise than to offend
people. Sometimes he goes to ex-
treme lengths to find' a new place
for a man who doesn't fit. But
when it came to a choice of let-
ting prices rise or offending Ches-
ter Davis, he took the latter course
with a vengeance.
His letter to Davis will go
down in the Roosevelt records as
one of the sharpest, letters he
ever penned. Though it opened
with the usual first - naming
("Dear Chester"), it told Davis
to get out 'immediately, instead
of waiting to announce his new
program for I944. It also
charged that Davis 'was unwill-
ing to "support a program to
hold down the cost of living".
Hoeing His Own Ro
Davis was brought to Washing-
ton because of his farm support,
but inside fact is that trouble be-
gan as soon as Roosevelt found
Davis was using that support for
his own food program rather than
the President's.
Davis has always been close to
Republican farm leader Earle
Smith and conservative Ed O'Neal
ofthe 'Farm Bureau.. 'ut when
he began to play the Smith-Q'Neal
game on Capitol Hill-opposing
subsidies and the roll-back of pri-
ces-the President thought it was
time to get rid of opposition with-
in the official family.
The question of how much au-
tliority"Davis had or dir't have
is incidental. 'He might have
had more if he had played ball
and tried to hold the line in the
first place. But as it became ap-
parent that Chester was not a
holder-of-the-line, he was more
and more frequently overruled
by Jimmy Byrnes.

So Davis raised the cry of divid-
ed authority.
Final split came over the ques-
tion of subsidies, which the Presi-
d ntbelieves is being used as a
red herring by food processors,
who found in Davis a convenient
mouth-piece. One reason for their
opposition is the fact tlat subsi-
dies and the roll-back "of prices
would require government inspec-
tion of their books and records.
FDR's Comeback
The New Deal has lost much of
its old fervor. Domestic issues
have given way to war issues. But
now Roosevelt is coming back, like
a prodigal son, to the liberal strug-
gles which made him famous'.
He is determined to keep pri-
ces down for the housewife and
the average consumer. The Re-
publicans are already preparing
to make food shortages a cam-
paign issue next year, and
Roosevelt is selecting his own
weapens for the duel.
Note: When Davis came to
Washington for the War Food job,
he gave indication he thought it
would be a temporary job, which
he might quit at any time. Instead,
of taking ~"a modest government
salary, he preferred to keep' his
handsome salary as Federal Re-
serve Bank President in St. Louis.
He now returns to that job.
Obstructing justice
Even Supreme Court Justices
have their troubles in that vast
and teeming head'quarters of the
War Department-the Pentagon
Building. Recently Justice Felix
Frankfurter called to see Secretary
of 'W~jar' Stimson, 'but' was asked by
a pretty receptionist if he had any
"I have an appointment with
Secretary of War Stimson," re-
plied Frankfurter.
"What's youi' address?" inquired
the receptionist.
"The Supreme Court of the
United States," said Frankfurter.
"I am late for an appointment
with Mr. Stimson. Would' you
please call his office immediately
and get this thing straightened

A phone call developed that
Stimson was waiting at that very
minute to confer with Frankfur-
"Oh, there's one more thing, Mr.
Frankfurter," said the reception-
ist. "Every visitor in the building
must wear a badge."
She held out'a badge and a pink
slip of paper, which Stimson was
supposed to sign in order to let
Frankfurter out of the building
after his conference. The Supreme
Court Justice took both and hur-
ried off. After he was gone, the
receptionist hastily referred to a
Congressional Directory.
"Hmmm, well, it just goes to
show you," she remarked to the
next visitor. "That man was born
in Austria. You can't be too care-
ful these days."
Anti-Strike Fury
The President's veto message of
the anti-strike bill arrived on Cap-
itol Hill at 3:05:p.m., and here is
one conversation which took place
at 3:05 between two loyal Roose-
velt leaders who had had no ink-
ling that the message was coming.
House Leader John McCor-
mack of Massachusetts, confer-
ring with Democratic Whip
Ramspeck of Georgia, said he
would vote to sustain the veto,
even though he, MeCormack, or-
iginally had voted for the anti-
strike bill.
But Ramspeck demurred.
"I can't do it, John," he said. "I
supported the bill in the first place
because I was assured that the
President was for it. I don't like
to desert the President, but after
all, it looks like he hasn't been
faithful to us."
Burning with fury over the
White House shift, McCormack re-
"Well, I can't desert the ship,
Bob, but I can't object if you do."
Note: Speaker Sam Rayburn,
who had been informed by Justice
Byrnes that the President was for
the anti-strike bill, was so furious
that he put the bill to an immedi-
ate vote, knowing full well the
President would be defeated.
(Copyright, 1943,. United Features Synd)

_ _.. _


VOL. LIlT, No. 5-S
All notices for The Daily Official Bulle-
tin are to be sent to the Office of the
Summer Session in typewritten form by
3:30 p.m. of the day preceding its publi-
cation, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
PROGRAM: All V-1 and V-7 stu-
dents assigned to University of
Michigan should obtain orders for
text books as follows: All Engineer-
ing from Assistant Dean A. H. Lov-
ell, 259 West Engineering Builcing;
all others from Assistant Dean L. S.
Woodburne, 1208 Angell Hall.
college of Literature, Science, and
the Arts, Schools of Education, Fo'-
estry, Music, and Public Health:
Students who received marks of I or
X at the close of their last semesterj
or summer session of attendance will
receive a grade of E in the course or
courses unless this work is made up
by July 28. Students wishing an ei-
tension of time beyond this date 'in
order to make up this work should
file a petition addressed to the ap-
propriate official in their school in
Room 4 U.H. where it will be trans-
mitted. --Robert R. Williams
Assistant Uegistmr
The General Library and all the
Departmental Libraries will be closed
Monday, July 5.
-Samuel W. McAllister
Associate Director
The annual summer registration
meeting of the University Bureau of
Appointments andi Occupational 'In=
formation will be held' Thirsday,
July 8, at 7 o'clock inroom 205, Ma-
son Hall, for all persons interested in
seeking new jobs in all walks of life.
There will also be a short discussion
of the present situation regarding
teaching, government and industrial
The bell chaWber of B.urton Tower
will be open to visitors interested in
observing the playing of the carillon
frm19nnnfi 12 " - 1 Rm an- -h

Academic Notices
Attendance report cards are being
distributed through the departmen-
tal offices. Instructdrs are request-
ed to report absences of freshmen on
green cards, directly to the Office of
the Academic Counselors, 108 Mason
Hall. Buff cards should be used in
reporting sophomores, juniors, and
seniors to 1220 Angell Hall.
Please note especially the regula-
tions 'concerning three-week -absen-
ces, and the time limits for dropping
courses. The rules relating to ab-
sences are printed on the 'attendance
cards. 'They may 'also be found on
page 52 of the' 1941-2 ANINOUNCE-
MVENT"'of our College:
--E. A. Walter
Students, College of Literature,
Science and the Arts: Election cards
filed after the end of the first week
of the semester may be accepted by
the Registrar's Office only if they
are approved by Assistant Dean
Walter. Students who fail to file
their election blanks by the close of
the third week, -even though they
have registered and have attended
classes unofficially will forfeit their
privilege of continuing in the Col-
lege. --E. A. Walter'
Meical Students: Any medical)
students on campus who made ap-
plication for a room in Vaughan
House for the summer or fall, ~1943,
should call at the Office of the Dean
of Students to arrange for a refund
of the ten dollar deposit.
Elementary Radio, Electrical En-
gineering 23n: The orignal plan to
cancel EE 23n has been reconsidered
and the course is to be given as
scheduled. The first class will be
held in loom 111 West Engineering
Building. Thursday afternoon, July
6, 2-5. Those who have inquired
about the course and are interested

Coring Events
The First Vesper Service will be
held on Sunday, July 4, at 7 p.m. in
the First Congregational Church.
Wesley Foundation: Recreation
program tonight for all Methodist
students and their friends and for
service men, 8:30 to 11:30 p.m. in the
Wesley Lounge at the First Metho-
dist Church.
Lecture Recital: Rene Amengual,
, Chiean 'pianist and composer, 'will
present a program of music for the
piano by Chilean composers at 8:30
p.m. Tuesday, July 6, in the Assem-
bly Hall of the Rackham Bhilding.
Admission by complimentary ticket
obtainable Tuesday at the office of
the School of Music.
The Lutheran Student Association
will meet Sunday, July 4, at the Zion
Lutheran Parish Hall, 309 East
Washington Street at 4:40 and leave
from there for a picnic. Lutheran
Service men are cordially invited to
join with the members of the Asso-
Graduate Outing Club: Will meet
at 2:30, July 4, in the Club Quarters
just inside the West Entrance 'of the
RackhamBuilding on Huron Street.
Election of officers and choice of
committee, to be followed by a hike
along the Huron River.
Marching feet of our boys itching
.to push the Germans closer to $er-
lin and the Japs closer to Tokyo, are
shod in comfortable and strong
leather shoes. Every soldier is is-
sued two pairs costing $3.85 each.
It's important that our soldiers have
good footwear for they have impor-
tant dates 'to keep with Hitler a d

the advantages in food pyrdcuctien it would bring
and in view of the 14 billion dollar budget of the
Department of Agricultpre.
It must alsq be remember d that $uis aid
given small farmers is a loan which FSA rec-
Ards show will be nm re ti 90% rpeid by the
NOW is the time for American citizens to de-
mand that their Senators and Representa-
tives become acquainted wKh this sitiation. The
City Congressmen, speeringly referred to by
professional farm Congressmen. as "window box

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