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August 21, 1943 - Image 2

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PAGE TW~O

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AT'dRDiAY, AUG. 21, 1943

1

#!m

Fifty-Third Year

The WASHINGTON
MERRY-GO-ROUND
By DREW PEARSON

Pd Rather Be Right
By SAMUEL GRAFTON

t

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
lication of all other matters herein also reserved,
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43

Editorial Staff
Marion Ford .
Fud Brimmer . ..
Leon Gordenker . . . .
Harvey Frank . . .
Mary Anne Olson .
Ed Podliashuk .

. Managing Editor
. Editorial Director
. . City Editor
. . Sports Editor
. Women's Editor
. . Columnist

Business Staff
Jeanne Lovett . . . . Business Manager
Molly Ann Winokur . Associate Business Manager
NIGHT EDITOR: MARGARET FRANK
Editorials published in The Michigan Daili
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
AXIS SUPPORTER?
Franco Should Not Be
Given US. Aviation Gwas
THE CURRENT RUMOR floating around
Washington that the United States is mak-
ing a deal to give Franco aviation gas presents a
potentially dangerous set-up, if true.
Gen. Franco has been a consistent under-
cover supporter of the Axis. Reports that he
is now leaning toward the United Nations as
the Axis military situation grows worse, is still
no proof that a deal giving him aviation gas
for an unannounced purpose is worth the pro-
posed landing privileges in Spain for the
American Export Airlines.
Franco's cooperation with the Axis dates way
hack to the days when Nazi and Fascist troops
help him wipe out the Loyalists and take over
the government in the Spanish Civil War.
Supposedly neutral, Franco has given no
support to the United States that would war-
rant the exchange of as precious and scarce a
commodity as aviation gas, while, on the other
hand, he is strongly suspected by most Allied
sources as having long been a secret supporter
of the Axis.
Latest hint of this fact was the news broad-
cast by the German radio that a squadron of
Nazi torpedo planes sank 70,000 tons of Allied
shipping Aug. 13 just off Gibraltar. Torpedo
planes have not been able to operate near Gib-
raltar for a long time because of their limited
range. The nearest Axis base to this area is
fully twice the distance of the normal torpedo
plane's range.
WHERE these Nazi planes sprang from, if not
from the coast of Spain or the Spanish
Balearic Islands, is a mystery beyond solution,
unless the Germans have developed a new long-
range torpedo plane.
Such evidence as this against "neutral"
Spain offers a strong argument against either
military or civilian supplies being sent to a
country whose use of them is dubious.
If the United States is to help Spain with
precious gas supplies, Spain should first offer
guarantees that she will use this gas only for her
own civilian uses and that she will cooperate
with the United Nations wholeheartedly from
now onn- Jane Farrant
'PALAVER':
Johnston Warns U.S.,
Britain To Be Realistic
NGLO-AMERICAN relationships have to be
wisely worked out on the basis of fact and
not racial sentimentality, Eric A. Johnston, pres-
ident of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce warned
Wednesday in London.
"We ought to put a dead stop to all this
palaver on either side of the ocean about how
blood is thicker than water," Johnston main-

WASHINGTON, Aug. 21.- Don't be surprised
if Hollywood opens one of the strongest-and
strangest lobbies ever set up in Washington.
The film companies are making plans to this
effect, and the lobby would not be to influence
legislation, but to keep Congress acquainted with
the multiple problems of Hollywood.
The film industry now ranks, after farming,
automobiles and steel, as one of the most
important in the U.S.A. The farm lobby is
all-powerful in Washington. Automobiles and
steel are potently represented through the U.S.
Chamber of Commerce, the:National Manu-
facturers Association, as well as their own
private lobbies.
But Hollywood so far has let its views per-
colate to Congress through glamour girl pho-
tos plus Will Hays' peregrinations between
New Fork, Washington and Hollywood.
Both have been equally ineffective. Will Hays
is now as dead politically as the Harding Ad-
ministration which spawned him. He carries no
weight in Washington.
Two years ago, the film moguls boped that the
appointment of Wendell Willkie as counsel in
the Senate "Smear" investigation, and later his
chairmanship of 20th Century Fox, would help
Hollywood.
But today, through no fault of Willkie's,
they believe Col. McCormick's Chicago Tribune
attacks against Hollywood are motivated as
much by his dislike of Wilkie as his objection
to what he calls "New Deal Propaganda" in
Mission to Moscow.
That is why film industry leaders want to
establish a streamlined, non-political lobby right
in the Nation's capital.
Capital Chaff
Quite a few Italian soldiers in Sicily undressed,
hid their uniforms, put on overalls and went
home to work to avoid becoming prisoners . . .
Tom Corcoran, the ex-Brain Truster, is helping
his old friend Mayor Ed Kelly and his ex-Boss
Jesse Jones in a proposed amalgamation of Chi-
cago's streetcar lines, buses, elevated and alleged
subway . . . Milo Perkins got off to Mexico this
week to be gone until November-the first vaca-
tion in seven years . . . The State Department's
chief of the American Republics Division, blue-
blood conservative Phil Bonsal, thinks "For
Whom the Bell Tolls" is entirely suitable for
foreign distribution. Paramount censored most
of the anti-Franco criticism out of it . . . When
forthright ex-assistant Secretary of War Louis
Johnson got back from India his report was so
critical of the British that State Department
officials scarcely believed parts of it. But after
Ambassador Bill Phillips got back from his India
survey, Undersecretary Sumner Welles told
Johnson that pro-British Phillips was in com-
plete agreement . . . Among other things, Phil-
lips advised that Field Marshal Wavell was in-
adequate to command in Burma. He was subse-
quently relieved of his military duties.
Britain Backs Down
It was not generally known, but when Madame
Chiang Kai-shek was in the U. S. A. it was
planned to present her with a gift of two Liberty
ships which she was to christen. Then sud-
denly the gift was mysteriously held up.
Now, several months later, it has been de-
cided to present China with the two Liberty
ships. Behind this is one of the most impor-
tant economic decisions made by the British
Empire since the war began-the decision to
pay Chinese seamen the same wages as British.
Inside reason why the two Liberty vessels were

withheld from Madame Chiang was because the
Chinese proposed paying British-scale wages to
the crews on these ships. This would have meant
agitation by 10,000 Chinese seamen on British
ships throughout the world.
For a time this developed into an embarras-
sing, almost ugly argument. The Chinese
government felt that it had a right to pay its
seamen any wages it wished on the two new
Liberty ships we were giving Madame Chiang.
But the British, supported by the War Ship-
ping Administration, opposed.
The argument got down to the very roots of
Empire dominance: down to Britannia's rule
over the seven seas. For what most people don't
realize is that hundreds of British ships are
manned by low-paid Chinese sailors,
In peacetimes, Chinese seamen sail on every
British merchant ship on the Pacific. Thousands
of them ply up and down the Yangtze River,
along the China coast, among the South Sea
Islands-all under British captains and the Brit-
ish flag. In wartime. their number has been
perhaps greater, due to the terrific casualties
among British seamen.
U.S. vs. British Shipping
The lower wage scale paid to Chinese is one
way British shipping has been able to squeeze
out American shipping in peacetime; also one
reason why American ships have registered
under the Panamanian flag. The Jones-
LaFollette Act sets up labor standards aboard
American registry ships far superior to those
among Chinese crews on British ships.
So after the last war, the American flag, de-
spite the greatest shipping tonnage in the world's
history, gradually disappeared from the seven
seas.
But now the British have taken a step which
may mean more equalized wage competition
after the war. They have agreed to pay Chinese
seamen the same scale as British.
The British did not make this decision eas-
ily. Obviously they recognized the ramifica-
tions it would have on the Empire after the
war. Sir Arthur Salter negotiated regarding
the matter for weeks. Lord Leathers, head of
the British Ministry of War Transport, made
a special trin to this country. In the end,
Prime Minister Churchill himself sat in on the
discussions.
Finally. the increased wage was agreed to not
because of Madame Chiang Kai-shek and her
two stymied Liberty ships, but because of heavy
Chinese desertions from British ships in Ameri-
can harbors.
We Have Seamen
WSA officials contend that there are now
enough American seamen available to man all
the American ships coming off the ways. They
point out that U.S.-manned ships are now sail-
ing from U.S. ports with only rare delays. Last
week there were only two delayed departures in
all U.S. ports-one U.S. and one Allied ship-as
contrasted with a condition far worse a year ago.
These officials susnect that there is more
than a manpower motive in transferring the
ships to the British. There is also the empire
motive. Certain countries which depend upon
shipping for the life of empire-such as the
British and the Dutch-are already worried
lest the end of the war should find them with-
out enough ships to maintain their empires.
, Obviously, the strongest hands at the peace
conference will be those which have the strong-
est merchant marine.
(Copyright, 1943, United Features Syndicate)

NEW YORK, Aug. 21.- The thing
that troubles us about Europe is that
we have a sinking feeling we must
make up our minds at last.
This we resist furiously. The
debate over our foreign policy has
not been wholly a contest between
good and evil. In large part it has
been a contest between policy and
no-policy, a contest between those
who want to leave every possible
stone unturned, and those who
think we ought to turn a few.
We are for almost any device that
avoids a decision. I am quite sure
that in our friendly approaches to
the King of Italy, we had no desire
to be reactionary, or pro-monarchist,
or anti-republican, or to give a help-
ing hand to the gray little brothers
Iof Fascism.
No, it seemed to us that in dealing
with the King, we could deal with
Italy without making up our minds
about Italy. We could continue our
hopfulprogram, which calls for
progress without policy.
Mr. Hull has said that he wants
to keep politics out of the war. I
am sure he believes it can be done.
The difficulty is that every other
nation and leader is playing poli-
tics, including the King of Italy.
Our non-political approach to the
King turned out to be a week's re-
prieve for the Germans in Italy,
which was very political, indeed.
(But if we had been unalterably in
favor of an Italian republic, there
would have been no such week's re-
prieve for the Germans, permitting
them to build a defense line at the
Po without interruption by our
bombers. Mr. Hull's non-political
approach to the war turned out to be
filled with political and military sig-
nificance. How can anyone say that
politics can be kept out of the war,
when, because of the particular atti-
tude which we entertained toward
the King of Italy, our bombers were
held back, whereas if our attitude
had been different, they would not
have been held back?)
We have also felt that we could
I have a non-political attitude to-
ward the new French Committee,
delaying our recognition while as-
suring the committee we were do-
ing so without prejudice, and with
entire good will.
But the long delay depressed every
exiled government in London. We
feared that to recognize the French
Committee might be a political act,
a choosing of sides in regard to the
new France. It has seemed to the

exiled governments that not to ree-
ognize was also a political act; to
vithhold recognition is to assert the
right to withhold recognition, the
light to choose against: and that is
just as much a political act as to
choose for.
In point of fact, the delay itself
has actually been a political act, as-
serting our right to delay, to keep a
new government in an ambiguous
state, halfway between the living and
the dead.
Finally, still pursuing the goal of
progress without policy, we have
set up a system of non-political
military government for occupied
territory, such as is functioning,
and no doubt efficiently and fairly,
in Sicily.
But it turns out that the exiled'
governments (especially the Czecho-
slovak) consider it a highly political
act for liberated territory to be ruled1
GRIN AND BEAR I

I
- W
Flew
A
"A new airplane that will make flying as safe as m ,torng isn't enough,
Snodgrass! You'll have to make it safer than that!"

by however non-political a military
government that is not their own
government.
The flight from politics is a
flight from reality. There are no
ice-boxes for government, in which
sovereignty can be preserved with-
out being used. And however de-
cent and fair we feel, deep in our
own hearts, about our refusal to
make decisions, those about whom
we refuse to make decisions feel
decided against.
Because we did not feel like decid-
ing in favor of an Italian republic,
we did not keep anything from hap-
pening; we got a Badoglio. If we
lack policy, the policies of others Will
leap into the empty space thus pro-
vided. To bid the world sit still
makes one think of the ancient who
addressed a somewhat similar mes-
sage to the restless waves.
(Copyright, 1943, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
T B Lichty

.

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

-7-

f

'MAJOR BATTLES LIE AHEAD':
New Evidence of Governm nt Teamivor-k Should
Encourage Americans To Bickle Down ati Home

ANAGEMENT OF THE WAR on the Ameri-
can home front is looking up. Some loose
parts of the administrative machinery are shak-
ing down, more practical methods are being
adopted and better teamwork developed.
Two striking evidences of the improvement
come along together in the confidence inspir- .
ing speech of War Mobilization Director
Byrnes and the OPA reorganization an-
nounced by Chester Bowles, new general man-
ager. A beginning has been made.
More than any statement by a government
official, Mr. Byrnes's radio talk gave the impres-
sion of a clear, coordinated policy. Any Ameri-
can who heard or read his statement must have
gained a steadying sense of grave tasks ahead
and an assurance that the high command on the
home front is aware of the need for tighter ad-
ministration.
The warning half of his speech was backed
by acts which have been too much over-
looked: that so far the Axis in Europe has used
less than half its combat troops; and that
"the Germans still have a huge net balance in
their favor in military and naval losses suf-
fered, strategic advantages gained, territory
and peoples conquered and even in equipment
destroyed."
IANIFESTLY American hoie front leader-
ship is deeply concerned by some slacking
of production efforts due to over-confidence.

increase in the weekly wages of factory work-
ers since the United States entered the war; a
50 percent gain in net farm income in 1942
over 1941; and an 83 percent rise in corpora-
tions' net profits after taxes since 1939. He
also stressed the plight of 20,000,000 citizens
whose incomes have not increased. This sum-
mary of the position should steel the resolution
of the American people to resist new boosts in
wages, prices or profits.
SOME OF THE BYRNES FIGURES may be
questioned, particularly that of a mere 12
percent rise in living costs since Pearl Harbor
which leaves out of account the rise before
December, 1941. Farmers, workers and corpora-
tions may cite special individual hardships which
are exceptions to the general figures, but the
over-all picture is certainly one to support Mr.
$yrnes's plea for holding the anti-inflation
front. This is so despite the inflationary effect
of the Government's, own new order giving more
than a proportionate increase in pay when in-
creasing the working week in some coal. mines to
forty-eight hours.
Mr. Bowles's whole approach to the rela-
tions of government and business in the com-
plex price-fixing, rationing problem promises
to lessen the friction which has caused so
much recent trouble. The plan for more self-
policing should please business men and the
general tendency toward simplification should
help the public. There may be need for strong

SATURDAY, AUG. 21, 1943
VOL. LIII, No. 40-S
All notices for The Daily Official Bulle-
tin are to be sent to the Office of the
Summer Session in typewritten form by
3:30 p.m. of the day preceding its publi-
cation, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Notices
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Informa-
tion: All students who are registered
with the University Bureau of Ap-
pointments in either the Business or
Teaching Division should come in to
leave their change of address when
they leave school, and also notify the
Bureau when they have taken a posi-
tion. This is very important at this
time as positions to be filled at this
time of the year are quite urgent.
-University Bureau of Appointmentsj
and Occupational Information 1
A notice has been received of a!
position for a staff nurse in the Dis-
trict Nursing Association of West-
field, N.J. The'"salary is $1,500. Ap-
plicants must be qualified to register
in the State of New Jersey and must
have completed six points in funda-
mentals of public health nursing.
Further information may be had
from the notice which is on file in
the office of the Bureau of Appoint-
ments, 201 Mason Hall, office hours
9-12 and 2-4.
-Bureau of Appointments and
Occupational Information
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments has received notice of the fol-
lowing Civil Service Examinations.
The United States: Senior Horti-
culturists with the Coordinator of
Inter-American Affairs, place of
duty- various Central American
countries. The salaries are $4,600
per year plus overtime (approxi-
mately $5,000).
Further information may be had
from the notice which is on file in
the office of the Bureau of Appoint-
ments, 201 Mason Hall, office hours
9-12 and 2-4.
-Bureau of Appointments and
Occupational Information r

Room, Rackham Building, at 3:15
p.m. Chairman R. M. Thrall.
By action of the -Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doc-
toral candidates to attend this exam-
ination, and he may grant permis-
sion to those who for sufficient rea-
son might wish to be present.
--C. S. Yoakum
Faculty College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: Midsemester re-
ports are due not later than Wednes-
day, Aug. 25.
Report cards are being distributed
to all departmiental offices. Green
cards are being provided for fresh-
man reports; they should be returned
to the office of the Academic Coun-
selors, 108 Mason Hall. White cards,
for reporting sophomores, juniors,
and seniors should be returned to
1220 Angell Hall.
Midsemester reports should name
those students, freshman and upper-
class, whose standing at mid-semes-
ter is D or E, not merely those who
receive D or E in so-called mid-sem-
ester examinations.
Students electing our courses, but
registered in other schools or col-
leges of the University should be re-
ported to the school or college in
which they are registered.
Additional cards may be had at
108 Mason Hall or at 1220 Angell
Hall. --E. A. Walter
Freshmen, Summer Term, College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts:
Freshmen may not drop courses
without E grade after Saturday, Aug.
21. In administering this rule, stu-
dents with less than 24 hours of
credit are considered freshmen. Ex-
ceptions may be made in extraordin-
ary circumstances, such as severe or
long-continued illness.
--E. A. Walter
Seniors: August and October 1943:
College of L. S. and A., Schools of
Education, Music, and Public Health.
Tentative lists of August and Octo-
ber 1943 graduates have been posted
in Rm. 4, U. Hall. Please check the
list and notify the counter clerk of
any discrepancies.,

the session will result in a needless
delay of several days.
-Robert H. Williams
Assistant Registrar
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for DROPPING
COURSES WITHOUT RECORD will
be Saturday, Aug. 21. A course may
be dropped only with the permission
of the classifier, after conference
with the instructor.
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for REMOVAL OF IN-
COMPLETES will be Saturday, Aug.
21. Petitions for extension of time
must be on file in the Secretary's
Office before that date.
-A. H. Lovell, Secretary
English 177: second 8 weeks of the
Summer Term, will meet MTuWTh,
2. in 3010 A.H. --L. I. Bredvold
English 107: second 8 weeks of the
Summer Term, will meet in 301 U.H.,
MTuWTh, 1. --. Fletcher
College of Architecture and Design,
School of Education, School of For-
estry and Conservation,. School of
Music, School of Public Health: Mid-
semester reports indicating students
enrolled in these units doing unsatis-
factory work in any unit of the Uni-
versity are due in the Office of the
school Aug. 25 at noon. Report
blanks for this purpose mgay be se-
cured from the office of the school or
from Rm. 4 University Hall.
-Robert L. Wiliams
Assistant Registrar
Concerts
Record Concert at Hoa H.
Rackham School: Another of the
weekly concerts will be given Tues-
day evening at 7:45 p.m. The Oro-
gram will consist of the following
recordings: Corelli's Sonata in D
Major; Haydn's Symphony No. 104
in D Major; Beethoven's Sonata No.
14 in C Sharp Minor; Tschaikowski's
Concerto in D Major for Violin and
Orchestra, and Strauss' Emperor
Waltz. Servicemen are cordially in-

.I

tained.
And then he proceeded to point out just how
Americans and Britons are different. "No Ameri-
can can sincerely promise any cooperation in a
system of world-wide cartels, for the average
American would call it economic imperialism
and he is against it, just as he is against
political imperialism."
Maybe this is what you call being realistic,
l9r. Johnston, but isn't it also a little foolish?
Certainly your statements will not aid in pro-
moting good relations. Certainly your impli-
cations that the average British citizen by
favoring a world-wide cartel system is thereby
an "economic imperialist" won't find enthiusi-

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