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August 21, 1943 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1943-08-21

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VOL. LIII, No. 40-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, AUG. 21, 1943_

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Japanese

Flee

from

Salamaua

Defenses

Navy Seizes
Italian Islands;
Raid Foggia
More Than 700 Planes
Drop Block-Busters on
Important Rail :City
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
NORTH AFRICA, Aug. 20-Alliedl

'Task Force' Tackles

Tomato Crisis

air fleets slashing at Italy's railroad
sinews of defense blasted the com-
munications center of Foggia in sat-
oration block-buster raids yesterday,
while at sea American naval forces
seized the Aeolian stepping-stone is-
lands north of Sicily.
The raid on Foggia, 20 miles in-
land from the east coast opposite
Naples, was described officially as
the heaviest of the Mediterranean
war, and although the total num-
her of planes participating was not
specified, it was greater even than
the total hurled against Rome in
the first attack on the Italian cap-
ital.
700 Planes in Raid
Seven hundred planes-500 bomb-
er. and 200 fighters-were used by
the Allies in the Rome raid.
The city is one of the master
bastions in any Axis blueprint for
the defense of southern Italy.
The important industrial and com-
munications center was left a seeth-
ing mass of flame by three different
types of bombers that attacked by
daylight and darkness on a scale
unparalleled in both size and feroci-
ty in the Mediterrean war.
Fortresses Strike First
Flying Fortresses in double waves,
followed by formations of liberators,
struck the first blows. Their strings
of bombs interlaved the freight
yards, squarely hit a railway bridge.
and kriocked out repair shops, ware-
houses, military barracks and set fire
to a large number of freight and pas-
senger cars.
Sheets of flame shot upward from
locomotive repair shops and the rail-
way station itself, and explosion-
hurled bits of wreckage and rubble
filled the air as the last of the big
bombers swept past.
But even then the "triple strength"
road wasn't ended.
As darkness fell, RAF Welling-
tons, guided by fires visible 80 miles
away, loosed a cascade of 2,000-
pound bombs that spread the old
fires and started new ones, and
toppled the walls of buildings al-
ready undermined by the day as-
saults.
5Coal Mines
Are Returned
To Operators
Government Indicates
Control of Others Will
Be Relinquished Soon
WASHINGTON, Aug. 20.- (A-
ive coal mines were turned back to
their owners today, amid indications
that the government soon would re-
linquish control of others and there-
by test the willingness of John L.
Lewis' United Mine Workers to con-
tinue production.
None of these five mines had ex-
perienced strikes and none had a
contract with the UMW. Thus their
return did not involve the union's
stated position that its members
would continue to work until Oct. 31
if government operation continued,
but would "automatically terminate"
this agreement should the mines be
returned to their owners.
The five were Barnes Coal and
Mining Company, Coshocton, O.;
Elk River Coal and Lumber Com-
pany, Columbus, O.; Rail and Lake
Coal Company, Cleveland; Sheban
Mining Company, North Lima, O.;
and the Shuff Coal Company, One-
onta, Ala.
Labor Board Calls
Act Constitutional
WASHINGTON, Aug. 20.-(')-
The War Labor Board (WLB), re-
jecting a contention by the Mont-

gomery Ward and Company, Inc.,
thsa the, gmit -nnqll Art is un_

Sailor volunteers from the Philadelphia Navy Yard, lending a hand
at the request of the War Manpower Commission, unload tomatoes at a
cannery at Camden, N.J. The bumper crou had ripened ten days ahead
of time.
Soviets Take Lebedin;
Dash Deep into Ukraine
Army Has Captured All but 13 Miles of
Kharkov as 6,100 Germans Are Killed
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Aug. 21, Saturday.-- Russia's new steppe army smashed deep
into the Ukraine almost 100 miles northwest of Kharkov to capture Lebedin,
highwater mark of last winter's offensive, Moscow announced early today,
while London reports indicated the Red Army had encircled all but 13 miles
of Kharkov itself.
Lebedin is 100 miles from the starting point of the Soviet Ukranian
offensive near Belgorod and midway between captured Akhtyrka and threat-
ened Sumy. The Russian column that took it apparently was aiming for
-,the vital rail junction of Konotop on

FDR To Speak
To Canadian
Parliament
Address Wednesday To
Follow Conclusion of
Strategy Conference
By The Associated Press
QUEBEC, Aug. 20. - President
Roosevelt will address an informal
meeting of the Canadian Parlia-
ment at Ottawa Wednesday, follow-
ing conclusion of the high strategy
conference here in which he and
Prime Minister Churchill are work-
ing in "complete harmony" and mak-
ing excellent progress.
Plans for the speech were an-
nounced officially late today at the
same time that a Citadel spokesman
gave the first picture of how the
Chief Executive and Prime Minister
are putting in their time.
Fish for Relaxation
Mr. Roosevelt and Churchill set
such a pace last night, by working
until 2:30 a.m., that today they were
completely caught up on current
tasks. This enabled them to go on
a picnic and fishing trip, with mem-
bers of their immediate parties, to
an unidentified lake about 50 miles
north of here.
This evening they swung back into
conference routine at a dinner with
Secretary of State Hull and Britain's
Foreign. Minister Anthony Eden. Hull
joined the Quebec group during the
afternoon, his presence here drama-
tizing half a dozen urgent political
problems, directly grown out of the
war, for which solutions of one sort
or another must be found.
Discuss Closer Russian Cooperation
Foremost among these problems, in
the opinion of many here, is the
matter of closer coordination with
Russia in the campaigns-apparently
soon to be undertaken for final vic-
tory in Europe.
Announcement of the President's
Ottawa plans was made at a press
conference by Canadian, British and
American spokesmen. Stephen Early,
one of President Roosevelt's secre-
taries, was authority for information
about how the Chief Executive and
Prime Minister worked until the
small hours this morning to wipe
theirschedule clean of all matters
requiring their attention up to that
time.
** *
Berlin Answers Quebec
Meeting with New Boast
By The Associated Press
Berlin's answer to the meeting of
British and American leaders at Que-
bec was a broadcast statement last
night that Germany is "building up
new strength and reorganization and
planning all fields of German strat-
egy.~
The Berlin radio statement, quot-
ing a German foreign office spokes-
man, said: "The question of an Al-
lied attempt on the European conti-
nent is little discussed by the Ger-
man public. Whether such an oper-
ation is discussed at Quebec is left
open here."
Rushton Will
Ask Wind U"
Of Jury Probe
State Official Plans To
Avoid Interfering with
Special Winter Session
LANSING, Aug. 20.-(')-Attorney
General Herbert J. Rushton, prepar-

ing to petition next week for a grand
jury investigation of the state legis-
lature, asserted today he would at-
tempt to avoid interference with next
winter's special session of the law-
makers by driving for a wind-up of
the probe 'before the holidays.
Some state capital sources have
expressed fear that functioning of
the legislature might be hampered
or embarrassed if its members were
being called continuously before the
grand jury while the lawmakers were
in session. Gov. Kelly has indicated
he would summon a special session
about Jan. 1.
Rushton conferred today with Cir-
cuit Judge Leland W. Carr of the
Ingham County Circuit Court rela-

Where Invasion Blows May Fall

Patriots in occupied Europe (shaded areas) have been told to pre-
pare for an Allied invasion (arrows) which observers say will fall frogs
Britain or the Mediterranean area or from both directions at once.
The broadcast was directed primarily at France.
TANKS, JEEPS TO BATTLE:
Military Police To Parade
Down State Street Monday

Jungle Troops
Withdraw to
Inner Citadel
Yanks Mop Up at New
Guinea Air Base; 350
Of Enemy Are Dead
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
THE SOUTHWEST PACIFIC, Aug.
21, Saturday.- Japanese jungle
troops are in full flight from the
mountain ridge defenses before Sala-
maua, New Guinea, and are falling
back on the inner defenses of the air
base, Gen. Douglas MacArthur an-
nounced today.
"The enemy is in full retreat to
his inner citadel of defenses at
Salamaua itself," a new communi-
que reported.
Machineguns and artillery have
been abandoned along with more
than 350 buried dead.
Troops Are Mopping Up
"Our troops are mopping up."'
The Japanese troops, their supplies
low as the result of Allied air attacks
on coastal barges and their air sup-
port virtually wiped out on 'dromes
above Salanaua, suddenly gave up
positions from which they long have
held off Americans and Australians.
Today's communique disclosed that
their defenses cracked wide open. All
at once, they gave up Orodubi, five
miles southeast of Salamaua, the
nearby strongpoint of Komiatum and
the Goodview junction and Mount
Tambu areas near the coast.
The day before General MacAr-
thur's communique had announced
the capture on the Francisco River
of Bobdubi Ridge, only three miles
from the Salamaua airdrome whose
possession would put the Allies wit-
in easy fighter plane range of big
Japanese holdings on New Britai.
Japs Have Held Since 1942
Salamaua, which the Japanese
have held since January, 1942, re-
cently was laid in rins by more than
1,000 tons of bombs.
Today's communique said that
American and Australian troops,
which for long have approached it,
driving the enemy from ridge and
jungle positions, had taken several
key points in a drive on the last
defense.
Twenty-four Japanese planes were
destroyed and nine damaged in a
new raid 350 miles up the coast on
Wewak. This brought to 248 the
number of enemy planes smashed
there within a week. The other 215
out of a fleet of 225 which might
have supported the Salamaua garri-
son were wiped out in raids Tuesday
and Wednesday. Friday 66 more tons
of bombs were dropped there on air
re-enforcements.
Publications Building's
Hours Are Announced
The Student Publications Building
will be open from 8:30 a.m. to noon
and from 1:30 p.m. to 5 p.m. every
Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday
from Aug. 25 to-Sept. 30, Prof. Mervin
Waterman, secretary of the Board
in'Control, said yesterday.
For the remainder of the week the
building will be closed all day. All
editorial rooms are to be locked dur-
ing the- remainder of the summer
term.

,.

Danes Confer
To Determ ine
War' Policy
STOCKHOLM, Aug. 20.- U()-
Danish political leaders met in Co-
penhagen today to consider whether
the government would back an open
rebellion of the ;people against the
Nazi occupation and war services, or
yield part of its justice administra-
tion to the Germans.
The government of Premier Eric
Scavenius appeared to seek a show-
down between the rising public clam-
or for a new government with a more
militant attitude toward Germans
and the Berlin demands for a more
submissive Denmark.
* Attacks on Nazi soldiers and sabo-
tage against factories producing Ger-
man war materials have been report-
ed rampant for a week.
Details of the swelling campaign
against Nazi rule were brought here
by travelers arriving from Denmark
today.
The meeting of the political lead-
ers, which included all members of
the Danish Parliament, was the first
since a year ago when they put Scav-
enius at the head of the government.
Each of the five parties has held
separate sessions to discuss the cri-
sis. There was no official indication
what the outcome of the conference
might be.

the Kiev-Bryansk railway, 70 miles
to the northwest.
New Offensive Opening
(The BBC quoted a Berlin
broadcast as saying the Russians
"are now attacking furiously at
six widely separated points along
a 1,000-mile front" between Lenin-
grad and Murmansk in the far
north. NBC heard the BBC broad-
cast, which, if true, means the
Russians are opening a new offen-
sive on the long-stalemated Fin-
nish front.)
A Moscow communique recorded
by the Soviet monitor said a total of
6,100 Germans were killed yesterday
on all fronts, including 1,400 in the
Kharkov zone, 2,600 on the central
front southwest of Spas Demensk,
and 1,300 on the Bryansk front.
Fierce German Opposition
On the Bryansk front the Soviets
acknowledged fierce German opposi-
tion as they pounded on from cap-
tured Karachev. 25 miles to the east.
Farther north, in the Spas Demensk
offensive, the Russians were moving
between the two railroads leading to
Smolensk, roughly 75 miles north-
westward.
In the Ukraine offensive over 20
towns and villages fell to driving
columns northwest of Kharkov,
said the communique. The Ger-
mans countered with fresh infan-
try and tanks in an effort to stem
the Red Army advance.
Opposing tanks crashed over the
countryside in a weaving battle of
armor but the Germans receded after
45 of their tanks were disabled by
Soviet fire.

University students living on State
Street will have the opportunity of
seeing a military police battalion
march past their doors at 6 p.m.
Monday, enroute to Ferry Field
where a sham battle, complete with
tanks, jeeps, and guns will be staged
in honor of local industry, labor and
agriculture.
The parade route was changed it
was announced late yesterday, and
instead of proceeding to the golf
course, as originally planned, the
band and soldiers will go down West
Huron Street to State Street, turn
south and continue to Ferry Field.
A reviewing stand will be set up in
front of the Michigan Union.
Parade Route Changed
The parade route was changed
when Coach Fritz Crisler agreed to
have Ferry Field used for the sham
battle. This will enable the battalions
to make use of the tanks which would
have been left out if the mock con-
flict had been at the golf course.
Heading the parade will be the
728th Military Police battalion band,
followed by the 792nd battalion and
several mobile units, including tanks,
jeeps, and guns.
Soldiers to Parade
Soldiers attending the University
will also be represented by the Air
Corps band, 240 men from Company
A, Company A's 3651st S.U. Bagpi-
pers and 400 men from the ROTC.
Also participating in the parade
will be a contingent of State Police
under Capt. Eugene Gehringer, mil-
itary guards of industrial plants, the'
American Red Cross, labor units rep-
A SICK BELLIGERENT :

resenting the CIO and AF of L.
Color Guards of the American Le-
lion and the Veterans of Foreign
Wars will also march. Manufacturers
will sexhibit war materials and 50
Boy Scouts will carry War Bond ban-
ners. Members of the St. George Rid-
ing Academy will end the parade with
a group of 20 decorated horses.
Redls Call for
Joint Meeting
MOSCOW, Aug. 20-(jP)-The So-
viet labor magazine "War and the
Working Class" called today for a
three-power conference of Britain,
Russia and the United States with
the aims of shortening the war and
preparing for peace on the basis of
friendly collaboration among the Al-
lies.
In an editorial entitled "Quebec
and the Soviet Union," the magazine
said that the conferences between
President Roosevelt and Prime Min-
ister Churchill were "serving the in-
terests of the Anglo-American forces"
but did not "express the opinion of
the entire Anglo-Soviet-American
Coalition."
The editorial again presented the
Soviets' demand for another fight-
ing front in Europe, saying, "the
time is ripe to inflict a decisive
blow from, the east and the west.
The time is ripe to change over
from words to actions."
Victory over Germany is still pos-
sible this year, it said.

I

Italy Is Silent on Continuing War

KILLED IN ACTION:
Letter from Lt. Snot Tells
Story of Lt. Ragd'iesdeath
4. - E --

Lk NBy The Associated Press
LONDON, Aug. 20. - Italy was
plainly a sick belligerent tonight,
with her King issuing to the people
of Sicily a proclamation which was
silent about any intention to go on
fighting the war. There was con-
siderable feeling that Allied armies
might move next against fresher and
stronger objectives than the cracked
Axis southern wall.
Although it is far too early to play
the bugles of conquest over the Ital-
ians, King Vittorio Emanuele's curi-
ous and timorous message to the peo-
ple and the loss of seven more Italian
islands to the U.S. Navy-the Aeolian
group off the west coast-were im-
mensely heartening to the Allied
world.
Hope for 'Better Future'
Whatth e int nl the neonle

"The future will bring a reward
for your sufferings," the King said
in the proclamation, which was
broadcast by the Rome radio and re-
corded by the Associated Press.
"I have lived with you this ter-
rible moment," the King told Sicil-
ians. "I have heard your voice. I
have understood your sufferings."
King Near to Sicilians
"Italians of Sicily, your King is
near to you."
He called insistently for Sicily's
loyalty to the crown and the House'
of Savoy. For years the Sicilians have
been regarded as tepid in regard to
Fascism.
A later Rome broadcast indicated
that the proclamation was an
attempt to forestall a separatist
movement, rather than an impli-

amid growing apprehensions that
separatist feeling may increase to a
point which would cause a break
with the Italian peninsula.
A Milian dispatch to the 'Libera
Stampa of Lugano stated that the
Sicilians had not forgotten the
cry of "We need only a glance
to understand" with which they
fought a losing battle against the
imposition of Fascism.
La Suisse of Geneva declared edi-
torially that separatist feelings- in
Sicily were complemented since Ita-
ly's entrance into the war by the fact
that for nearly three years the Brit-
ish were so strongly checked in the
Mediterranean that they preferred
the long route around the Cape rath-
er than Suez passage exposed 'to
Italian and German attacks. The

A letter to his mother by Lt. David
Snow confirmed recently that Lt.
Paul J. Ragsdale, former University
student and Hopwood winner, had
been killed in action over Germany.
Lieutenant Snow was bombardier
and Ragsdale was the navigator of
a Flying Fortress that crashed over
Germany and he wrote from a Ger-
man nrisnn emn Ragsdale has heen

bell he died a hero as he kept the
plane in position for his crew to
jump. The engine was on fire and
melting the wing off. The rudder
was basted off. The co-pilot, three
of the gunners and Ragsdale never
got off.
"The ship blew up just after I
got out."
The Armv hasn't given official

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