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August 12, 1943 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1943-08-12

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TfiIt RICHiGAN AUIL

JHUftSDAIT, AUG. 12, 1949

. ...................

r'..

Fifty-Third Year

Straight from. the Shoulder
...DCHIPS..

I

I

Ii'

IC

GRIN AND BEAR IT

By Lichty

Samuel

Grafton's

did Rather
Be Right

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is ex*usively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
lication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Offlce at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier '$4.25 by Emal $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43
Editorial Staff
MarionFord . . . . . . Managing Editor
Sud Brimmer . . . . . Editorial Director
Leon Gordenker . . City Editor
Harvey Frank . . . . . .'Sports Editor
Mary Anne Olson . . . . . Women's Editor
Business Staff
*eanne Lovett . . . . Business Manager
Molly -Ann Winokur . Associate Business Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
NIGHT EDITOR: JANE FARRANT
iditorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
FLOOD TIDE:
Cooperation Needed in
Solving Youth Prablems
[. EDGAR HOOVER, the competent head of the
Federal Bureau of Investigation, is nobody's
fool when it comes to recognizing that the social
and economic forces now in action are sowing
the grain that will reap a whirlwind of destruc-
tion and hate in post-war America.
In a recent speech before the international
Association of Chiefs of Police, Hoover pointed
out that civil violence, race riots, and insidious
campaigns against minority groups are reach-
ing 'flood tide proportions.' And he minced
no words when he said, "Every victory for in-
tolerance in America is a menace to democracy
for all of us."
The reckless depredations of teen-age hood-
lums who perpetrate race riots are a national
disgtace, Hoover emphatically declared. And
here in this same teen-age group lies the unfor-
tunate effect of social -and economic conditions
as well as a partial cause of the recent upheavals
between races.
The fact that the juvenile delinquency rate
among 17 year olds has risen 17 percent, the
fact that many of the most:active, most intol-
erant rioters were definitely under 21, the fact
that persecution and discrimination is growing
in every community, whether large or small,
should cause some of our "oldsters" to sit up and
take notice.
How to solve these problems of intolerance
and delinquency has stumped the experts, but
one thing is certain--nothing effective can be
done by one individual or group. The school,
the home, the church, the government and
yes, even the movies have their roles to play.
Cooperation is a law as old as this nation, but
one phrase can stand repeating-"United we
stand, divided we fall." - Virginia Rock
eCtteri tth e &lito
REACTIONARIES, sentimentalists and hu-
manitarians have suddenly become one and
the same, according to Chips, whose "Straight
from the Shoulder" column gets a little twisted
en route from shoulder to paper.
in his column in yesterday's Daily, Chips de-
clares that he does not believe that the majority
of the campus shares the "vicious and in large
part, totally unfounded views" of Prof. Slosson
and Pfc. Bigman on Russia.
Unfortunately for Chips' loud denunciation
of the few who have taken the trouble to at-
tack his own rabid ideas on the great "democ-
racy" of Russia, the answers and comments of
his refuters appear to possess a sound factual

basis that Chips himself consistently lacks in
his column.
Chips has decided, on the basis of a propa-
ganda film, that Russia has always followed an
"honest and pro-democratic foreign policy" and
ha's supported the "preservation of small demo-
cratic states." This columnist overlooks com-
pletely the fact that "Mission. to Moscow" does
not explain why Russia attacked Finland. Only
Chips explains it in the light of the film. The
film has been radically changed from the origi-
nal source since Russia became an ally of the
United Nations.
Prof. Slosson, a man who knows infinitely
more about the history and policies of Europe
than Chips does, receives a bitter attack by
this columnist with a "chip" on his shoulder,
in answer to a letter in which Slosson ceur-
teously begs to differ with Chips utterly un-
founded statements on Communist Russia's
least.

"DOES THE AVERAGE SOLDIER know why
and for what 'we are fighting?" That is the
question that is causing alarm among American
educators today. It is causing alarm, because it
is obvious that the large majority of servicemen
do not understand either the real reasons for the
war nor the real principles that must guide us in
maintaining the peace. That they do not under-
stand them is in large part the fault of the Army.
College professors who have visited Army
camps throughout the country have found
that -almost without exoeption the =men never
seem to find time to discuss the war, the home
front, or the coming Peace, except in the most
superficial sense. In fact, aside from a lim-
ited number of special educational films, the
Army does little to encourage such discussion
and thinking, and in fact discourages it when
that discussion or thinking becomes too "radi-
,eal" or progressive.
There can be no doubt that rightly, or wrong-
ly, many pre-induction liberals and progressives
have 'felt the need to constrain themselves in
discussing politics for fear of being prejudiced
against in obtaining promotions and commis-
sions. This has been especially true after such
outstanding liberals as Joseph P. Lash, a per-
s9nal'friend of.Mrs. Roosevelt, and prominent in
progressive youth movements (he was definitely
anti-Communist) were denied commissions by
the -Army, largely on political grounds.
'1THUS PERHAPS ONE xof the big reasons for
the Army's refusal till now to permit
American educators to go out and stimulate
discussions of the war and the ;post-war by
series of addresses -is the fear that this might
"radicalize" the armed forces. In this the
Army has the ardent support of Congressional
Republicans who feel that the Army has gone
far ienough in -its "New Dealism" by showing
in -Its °educational films pictures of the Com-
manider-in-Chief and that further discussion
among the youth in the armed forces might
swing ;the fighting men solidly behind the pro-
gressves.
The -Army is also afraid that too much "intel-
lectualism" would not fit into the rigid Army
training program. Other Army officials and
many civilians feel that the men in the ranks
know iquite enough about the war as it is, and

that we ought to concentrate on training the
men to fight in the shortest possible time. Again
others feel that too much independent thinking
might lead to breaches of discipline.
However, the Army does not seem to con-
sider the fact that the men of the armed for-
tes, when they return, will be faced with the
problems of deciding and 'maintaining the
peace both at home and abroad. It seems to
forget that two years ,of political and -intellec-
tual oblivion for the men in the service, many
'of whom are being deprived of their customary
education, will be disastrous to the nation
after the war; that unless the Army encour-
ages discussion among the men, they will be
easy prey for the post-war demagogues to
come, even perhaps the very left-wing dema-
gogues that Army -conservatives fear so much.
TOME AMERICAN EDUCATORS have been
pleading for just one hour a week to stimu-
late intelligent discussion among our fighting
men. They have pointed to our Allies, Britain
(except for colonial troops) Russia, and China
as examples of how intelligent discussion of po-
litical issues has raised morale and :contributed
to the efficiency of the fighting units. "Certain-
ly," they said, "if a totalitarian country like
Russia needs to keep its fighting men informed
and alert and finds time to do it, our democratic
country which relies on the will of the people
for its very existence desperately needs a pro-
gram of political edifcation.
I really cannot see any honesty in the charg-
es of R--ublicans that such a program would
be a "political pronaganda machine for the
New Deal' since men on both sides of each
issue would have to sneak to make the pro-
gram effective. I am affraid rather that the
Republicans fear that their program cannot
be exnosed 'to intelligent discussion. I fear
also that the Army is basing its opposition
largely because this new program would be a
change, and the brass hats oppose any change
on general principles.
However, no matter what the reasons for the
strong opposition to this program are, the Army
and the Republicans better think them over.
For if they are wrong, they are again dooming
the nation to another disastrous "lose the peace"
period.

NEW YORK, Aug. 9.- President
Roosevelt said cheerily at a press
conference the other day that noth-
ing whatever had been done about
planning for a postwar Germany.
Now the President, as is well known,
is not an isolationist.
Yet this was a remark which an
isolationist would endorse. He
would be glad nothing had been
done about planning for a postwar
Germany, and he would add that
nothing should be done.
And when Secretary of State Hull
drops disparaging comments about
the political side of the war, and
says he is interested more or less ex-
clusively in the military side at the
moment, those comments, too, stroke
isolationist feathers in soothing
fashion.
For it is the isolationist conten-
tion that political planning is im-
practical (it's the bunk, is the way
they put it) and the less of it, the
better.
I do not say that this administra-
tion has gone isolationist in any
sense, for that would be an absurd
remark. Yet, on occasion, in the
past as in the present, it has shown
a tendency to succumb to the temp-
tations of taking the easy way, of not
looking too closely into the conse-
quences of convenient deals, of dis-
paraging the opponents of Darlan
and the Duke of Addis Ababa, rather
than disparaging Darlan and the
Duke.
And so, while the administration
is undoubtedly the leader of forces
tending toward world collaboration
in this country, it has sometimes
shown a predilection for using the
catch-as-catch-can methods of the
opposition to world collaboration.
That this situation really exists,
and is not merely a bad dream, is
shown by the enthusiastic support
afforded the administration by the
.Hearst press. and the New York
Daily News, et al., on its attitude to-
ward Italy. The pro-isolationist, or
ex-isolationist, press loved the ad-
ministration's short-lived game of
goo-goo eyes with the Duke of Addis
Ababa.
But this is the same press which
continually engages in globaloney-

g--a ... :'."'
__., -,, r . " ' " r ,H e193"Chcago Tirmes nc
"Maybe you did raise all of us, M4a--but the woman who wrote that
book didn't raise any-she had time to give some thought to their care!"

shouting against this same admin-
istration for being partial to world
planning. When we find this sec-
tion of our press attacking the ad-
ministration's theories but de-
fending its practices, are we not
compelled to say that there must
be some divergence between theory
and practice?
Conversely, we find the pro-world-
collaboration section of the press,
such as the New York Post and the
New York Herald Tribune, defending
the administration's theories, butof-
ten opposing its practices. This is a
remarkable dualism of character on
the part of the administration, for
those who hate its theories love what
it does, and those who hate what it
does love its theories.
The danger is that the adminis-
tration, by using tactics vehement-
ly endorsed by the isolationists,
will so depress the :French, and the
people of Italy, and the Russians
perhaps, also, that each of these
countries will also go in for its own
improvisations and quickie deals,

when able, on its own, for its own
purposes, without conferring. We
see signs of this in Moscow now.
If that happens, if world planning
goes out the window, our isolationists
will then take over, reminding us
that they said it would never work.
The administration will then have
prepared a theoretical victory for
isolation by pursuing practices close
to the isolationist heart.
One thing leads to another. Can
planners who spoof at planning
be amazed when planning fails.
I cannot believe Mr. Roosevelt will
slip further into this pitfall. One
must expect a startling reversal of
field, very soon; some announce-
ment that there will, from now on,
be joint decisions, by all the Allies,
on Italy, Germany and other prob-
lem countries.
Our practices will have to begin to
match our theory, or our theory must
soon begin to match ,,our practices.
I think our practices are about to
change.
(Copyright, 1943, N.Y. Post ,Syndicate)

The WASHINGTON
MERRY-GO-ROUND

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

WASHINGTN, Aug. 12.- When members of
the AFL executive council took up the applica-
tion of John L. Lewis, United Mine Workers
chief, for re-entry into the AFL this week in
,Chicago, they didn't bother to tell reporters that
Lewis might have been back in the AFL some
time before, except for strong intervention from
the White House.
It -can now be revealed that the Preside'nt
was extremely perturbed about the burly mine
labor chief'sefforts to climb back on the AFL
f1

DRAMA

BARBARA PIERSON, last night starred bril-
liantly in the role of Hansel in the Repretory
Player's final production of the year, "Hansel
and Gretel," given in conjunction with the
School of Music and the University Orchestra.
Backed up by an orchestra that at times was
more than adequate, nearly blasting the audience
out of their seats and submerging the soloists,
Miss Pierson's beautiful voice, vivacious actions
and,'complete naturalness made the role of Han-
sel one of the most outstanding of the season.
She was the tough little guy of ten, and com-
pletely convinced the audience with her rich con-
tralto voice and tomboyish airs.
Gretel, Charlotte Mullin, sang her role well,
but the audience-had difficulty at times under-
standing her. She was the typical flaxen-haired
Gretel and sang beautifully the famous duet in
the second act when the children pray-this was
easily the best number in the opera.
T I BAD beginning indicated by the shaky
overture 'found its fullest realization in
the dance of the angels. Fourteen angels--with
hips, hips that rotated and twitched accom-
panied °by various stages of pain on the sober
Young ladies faces. The intentionally serious
ballet-that wasn't ballet nor was it modern
dance, was one of the most humorous scenes
scenes ever presented on Lydia Mendelssohn
stage.
Bernarda Danfai'd gave a. terrific characteri-
zation of the old witch-she was repulsive, in-
sinuately flirtations, and her makeup was ex-
cellent. Her solo was completely convincing and
received the audience's approval of her horrible
"make believe."
One difficulty with the childrens' chorus was
that it was impossible to tell when they were
awakened and when they were still undei- the
spell of the old witch so little animation did
they show.
The orchestra was best when it was building
up suspense, as in the first 'act 'when it in-
troduced the father. It was good because the

bandwagon. In fact he expressed himself to
friends in very blunt language about how fool-
hardy it would be for the AFL to welcome back
a man who was in disrepute for openly defying
the government during the mine dispute.
It also can be revealed that William Hutche-
son, AFL carpenters' boss, and other Lewis
friends on the executive council had the stage
all set for a special meeting of the council last
May to consider Lewis's application. This was
the inside reason why John L. enclosed a fat
$60,000 check for advance dues with his applica-
tion. %
Just who blocked the move-and how closely
the President himself was involved-is a secret
but Administration insiders report that Marvin
McIntyre, the President's secretary, a great
friend of the railroad brotherhoods, had a hand
in it._
Furthermore, immediately after Lewis re-
quested readmission, the President had sep-
arate conferences with Dan Tobin, teamsters'
boss and a ton-rung member of the AFL exec-
utive council, plus George Harrison, railway
clerks' head, who is the most powerful figure
in the brotherhoods.
Immediately afterward, the move for a special
executive council meeting was abandoned. In
the course of one of these conferences, the ques-
tion of Lewis's application for readmission was
discussed at sorte length-and the President ex-
pressed himself point-blank against it.
Unenergetic Hopkins
When Winston Churchill was last in Wash-
ington, one very private luncheon he attended
was with President Roosevelt, Harry Hopkins
and Bernie Baruch, the elderly but energetic
pusher of war production.
Baruch was discussing his favorite theme,
more munitions, speedier munitions, and bet-
ter munitions. Among other things he point-
ed out, what now has just been officially an-
nounced, that American airplane production
would reach more than 7,000 planes in July,
but that if certain short cuts had been made,
this total would have been more than 8,000.
"Good lord, Bernie," sighed Harry Hopkins,
"aren't you ever satisfied?"
Churchill and Roosevelt both looked surprised,
but made no comment at the satisfied Mr.Hop-
kins' remark.
John L. Lewis Purrs
A throng of spectators flocked to John L.
Lewis's meeting with the War Labor Board to
discuss portal-to-portal pay, but much to their
disappointment, the expected fireworks didn't
develop. The bushy-browed mine labor chief
was courtesy personified.
At one time he said in a low, syruny voice to
WLB Chairman William H. Davis, whom he
had once described as a "Park Avenue lawfyer
on the loos~ea in Wasehinton against lao.

THURSDAY, AUG. 12, 1943
VOL. LIII, No. '33-S
All notices for The Daily Official Bulle-
tin .are to be sent to the Office of the
Summer Session in typewritten form by
3:30 p.m. of the day preceding its publi-
cation, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 am.
Notices
P.E.M. (Phys. Edu. for Men): The
few men students'who have failed to
register for P.E.M. are reminded of
the following Board of Regent's rul-
ing:
That as a condition to continued
attendance in the University a phys-'
ical conditioning course be required:
of students who, at the beginning of
a particular term, are regularly en-
rolled in the University.
Anyone who has been participat-
ing in League activities this summer
please get your eligibility card and
have it signed in the Undergraduate
Office on Thursday, 4-5:30 p.m. or
Friday. 4-5:30.
-Merit Committee
Convocation: Students and the
public are cordially invited to attend
the Summer Convocation, Sunday,
Aug. 15, at 8 p.m. in Hill Auditorium.
E. Blythe Stason, Provost of the Uni-
versity, will give the address. Music
will be furnished by a church choir
and Navy Unit Chorus, under the
direction of Prof. Hardin Van Deur-
sen. Prof. Palmer Christian at the
organ.
College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts, and Architecture; Schools
of Education, Forestry, Music, and
Public Health: Summer Session stu-
dents wishing a transcript of this
summer's work only should file a re-
quest in Room 4, U.H., several days
before leaving Ann Arbor. Failure
to file this request before ther end of
the session will result in a needless
delay of several days.
-Robert L. Williams
Assistant Registrar
Change in University Year Salary
Payments in 1943-1944: During the
year 1943-1944 salaries for those on
the academic or university year basis
will be paid as follows:
Summer Session
Summer session staff will be paid
in two equal installments on July 31
and Aug. 31, 1943.
Summer Term
(a) Those teaching the first half
only' will be paid in two equal install-

Salaries will be paid in eight equal
installments on Nov. 30, 1943 and on
the last day of each succeeding
month through June 30, 1944.
Annuity and Insurance and Group
Surgery and Hospitalization Deduc-
tions: For those teaching through
the fall and spring terms, whether
durfig the summer or not, one-
eighth of total annual requirements
for annuity and insurance premiums
will be deducted from each of the
eight checks received during the per-
iod from November through June.
For group surgery and hospitaliza-
tion, two monthly premiums will be
deducted in November, one will be
deducted from each payment from
December through May, and four
monthly premiums will be deducted
from the June payment to cover the
summer months..
The above arrangements are for
the year 1943-1944 only and are oc-
casioned by the change in the aca-
demic calendar due to the war emer-
gency and the various features of the
Federal Withholding Tax.
Lectures
Byron 0. Hughes, Instructor in
Education and Research Associate in
Child Development will address the
members of the School of Education
afternoon lecture series Thursday
afternoon at 4:10 in the University
High School auditorium on-the topic,
"Physical Fitness of a Native at
War." The public is invited.
A cademic Notices
Trigonometry Vourse: If there is
sufficient demand for the second
half of Mathematics 7, the $ equiva-
lent of Mathematics 8, Trigonome-
try, a section will be formed at 11
o'clock, MTuThF, beginning Aug. 23,
for the second half of the summer
term, 2 hours credit. Those who
would wish to take this course, please
leave their names in the office of
the Mathematics Department, 3012
Angell Hall.
Candidates for the Teacher's Cer-
tificate for August and October 1943:
Please call at the office of the School
of Education, 1437 University Ele-
mentary School on Wednesday or
Thursday, Aug. 11 and 12, between
1:30 and 4:30 to take the Teacher's
Oath. This is a requirement' for the
certificate.
School of Business Administration:

-Concerts
School of Music Assembly: P'eri
Roth, violinist, and Mabel Ross
Rhead, pianist, of the School of Mu-
sic faculty, will present a program
consisting of two Beethoven Sonatas
for violin and piano at 3:00 p.m.,
Friday, Aug. 13, in the Rackham As-
sembly Hall. Open to the public.
Events Today
Russian Tea:'There will be a Rus-
sian tea at the International Center
at 4 o'clock today. Persons inter-
ested in speaking Russian are' cor-
dially invited.
The French Club : The last met-
ing of the club will be held today at
8 p.m. at the Michigan League. Mrs.
Charles B. Vibbert will talk on:"A
Rochelle La Pallice." Group singing
and social hour. -Charles E. Koella
French Tea today at the Interna-
tional Center. --
International' Center Tea: From ,4
until 6 o'clock at the Internationol
Center.
Pi Lambda Theta Supper Meeting:
Xi Chapter of Pi Lambda Theta, 'Na-
tional Honor Association of woiaen
in education, will have a supper
meeting at 6 p.m, in the Michigan
League Garden. Mrs. Mary Lou
Chanter and Miss Marie Wallis will
entertain the group. Misses Mary
Ellen Dedman and Corine Grathwohl
are in charge of arrangements.
Members are requested to phone 3359,
after 6 p.m., for reservations for sup-
per.
Coming Events
All Lambda Chi Alpha's from all
chapters are invited to attend a.re-
union picnic Saturday Aug. 14, .at
1:00, Refreshments and games. 60t
in touch with Al Raymond at 301
3054, or 4636 before' Saturday. If
unable to phone, meet at the Parrot
at 1:00. -F. X. Nutto, H.T.
Graduate Outing Club: Members
will meet at the club quarters at
2:30, Sunday afternoon, Aug. 15, 'for
hike out Sunset Blvd. Bring your
lunch.
Wars Are I'nevitable
MOST AMERICANS AGREE thkt
World War II is not the "war to
end war," reported the National
Opinion Research Center, of the Uni-
versity of Denver. Pollers found

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