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August 12, 1943 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1943-08-12

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it: 411fl1

Ratty

Weather
Little Change

VOL. LIII, No. 33-S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, AUG. 12, 1943

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Allies Knife German Forces at

Randazzo

Reds Advance Roosevelt and Churchill

To 8 Miles
Of Kharkov

Russians Cut Last Nazi
Escape Rail to South;
Dnieper Trek Shorter

To Confer in Quebec'
Allied Leaders To Plan Continued Axis
Onslaught; Censorship on Sites Removed
By The Associated Press
QUEBEC, Que., Aug. 11.- President Roosevelt will meet Prime Minister
Winston Churchill of Britain here, Canadian officials announced tonight, to
draft their blueprints for continuing the onslaught of Allied arms against
the Axis.
It was disclosed at a-press conference that the ban imposed by American
censorship on revealing the site for the strategy' talks had been removed.
The date will be divulged later.
Parleys To Be Secret
As in the past, the parleys are expected to take place in an atmosphere
of utmost secrecy, to be climaxed by a joint press conference at which the
. , . .two United Nations leaders will dis-

/

By The Associated Press
LONDON, Aug. 12, Thursday.-
Russian forces advanced to within
eight miles of Kharkov yesterday and
shot a column southwest of the al-
most encircled city to cut one of
the last German escape railways in
a sudden wheeling movement that
carried them to within 93 miles of
the Dnieper River bend.
By cutting the Kharkov-Poltava
railway at Vodyanaya, 40 miles west
of harkov, the Russians thus nar-
rowed the escape gap from Kharkov
to about 60 miles in the south, a
vpecial Moscow communique indi-
cated.
flonets Basin Threatened
The advance toward the Dnieper
threatened to drop down behind the
Germans in the Donets Basin, where
large Nazi forces are deployed from
160 -to 200 miles southeastward of
the new thrust.
'Capture of the hamlet of Cher-
k sskie Tishki, brought the; Russians
nearest to Kharkov from the north-
east. Russia's third largest city,
'Kharkov, lying on an open plain,
appeared doomed, for the Russians
were now 20 miles away on the east,
12 miles on the north, 30 miles on
the west and 22 miles on the south-
e ast.
Nazis Bring Up Troops
'The Germans hurriedly brought up
several tank divisions in an attempt
to? break the Soviet drive on Khar-
kv, the Moscow midnight communi-
que, recorded by the Soviet monitor,
said. .
* But the Russians crashed through,
capturing 50 populated places in a
12-mile advance.
One unit burst into the large town
4 Akhtyrka, 42 miles south of Sumy,
aid captured it after heavy street
fighting in which 1,600 Germans
were killed, 36 tanks destroyed and
20. trucks wrecked. Almost 200
trucks and other war material were
captured in this area, 65 miles north-
West of Kharkov.
)oItava Railway Cut
In cutting the Poltava railway the
Aussians sent the Germans into
.headlong retreat. Typical of the
fighting was a night attack by Rus-
sian 'automatic -riflemen who stole
silently into a village and wiped out
150 Germans, capturing the village
and large amounts of war material.
Moscow dispatches said that Pol-
tava itself was heavily battered Tues-
day night by Russian bombers. The
communique said that a total of 127
German planes were brought down
in two days of fighting.
The battle, raging along a 400-mile
front from north of Smolensk to
south of Kharkov, saw other Russiar.
gains.
Bryansk Neared
One column reached to within 40
miles of Bryansk by capturing Alex-
eyevka despite stiff resistance and
cleverly-placed German minefields.
.Seventy populated places were cap-
tured in this area and one Russian
formation wiped out about 2,000 Ger-
mans and captured stores, guns and
trucks. South of this area, near
kromi, 1,200 Germans were killed
and 5,000 Soviet citizens, about to
be sent to Germany for forced labor,
rescued from their captors.
AFL Declines
To Reinstate
UMW Charter
CHICAGO, Aug. 11.- (0)- The
!American Federation of Labor exec-
utive council today referred the
charter application of John L. Lew-
is's United Mine Workers to its an-
nual convention without recommen-
*,dation, a decision which President
William Green conceded was unusual
in the council's history.
The council in effect declined to

exercise a power it commonly uses,
although in this case there was some
question whether it could charter
the UMW legally in view of Lewis's
insistence that the Federation take
him "as is" and talk about jurisdic-

WINSTON CHURCIMLL
.. Prime Minister arrives in
Canada for war discussions with
Canada and the United States.
Stalin To Be
Absent from
Conferences
LONDON, Aug. 12, Thursday-P).
-The absence of Premier Joseph
Stalin of Russia from the impending
conferences in Canada between
Prime Minister Churchill and Presi-
dent Roosevelt drew comment from
London newspapers today.
The Moscow radio announced that
Stalin received the American and
British ambassadors in Moscow yes-
terday in a meeting also attended by
Vyacheslav Molotov, Soviet Minister
of Foreign Affairs, but there was no
explanation of the topic discussed.
London, however, quickly connected
it with Churchill's visit to North
America.
The London Times commented
that if Stalin "for perfectly compre-
hensible reasons" cannot leave his
own country "other means of per-
sonal consultation exist or must be
found."
The Daily Telegraph commented
that "the practical inconvenience"
of Stalin's absence is not a barrier to
associating the Russians closely with
the talks.
The Daily Express said Stalin had
been invited but was unable to ac-
cept, so he will be given detailed ac-
counts and will send his comments.
In Buckingham Palace King
Georgdconferred yesterday with the
Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden and
Dominions Secretary Clement Att-
lee. It was the second successive
day he has received Attlee, labor
member of the cabinet.
Premier Joseph Stalin received the
American and British ambassadors
in Moscow today, the Moscow radio
announced today.
Vyacheslav Molotov, Minister of
Foreign Affairs, also was present,
said the broadcast, recorded by the
Soviet monitor.
German Bishops To
Discuss Air Warfare
By The Associated Press
The Berlin radio said last (Wed.)

close whatever they can of the sub-
jects they have considered and the
decisions reached.
The full significance of the forth-
coming meeting, the fifth between
the two principals since Pearl Har-
bor, obviously will not become known
until it is translated into action
against the enemy.
Chiefs of Staff To Confer
American chiefs of staff also will
come here to confer with the British
chiefs of staff whom Churchill
brought along with him from Eng-
land when he arrived in Quebec yes-
terday. Since then, Churchill and
Prime Minister Mackenzie King of'
Canada, and the British and Cana-
dian staff chiefs have been in con-'
ferences forming a significant intro-
duction to the Anglo-American talks
which will follow.'
Churchill and Mackenzie King
spent three hours today at a joint
session of the British war cabinet
and the war committee of the Cana-
dian cabinet, described by Canadian
officials as unique in the annals of
the British dominions.
Field of War Surveyed
The two prime ministers said in a
statement afterward: "The field of
the war was surveyed and questions
of especial joint interest to the two
governments were discussed.
"A further joint session will be
held at a later date."
The British were represented by
Churchill, who also is Minister of
Defense, and Sir John Anderson,
Lord President of the Council and a
British cabinet member without
portfolio.
Britain Hopeful
Of Italian Exit
LONDON, Aug. 11.-UP)-Prime
Minister Churchill's war councils
with Canadian leaders and later with
President Roosevelt, at a time when
Allied fortunes are at their highest,
produced the confident hope in Brit-
ain today of Italy's quick exit from
the conflict followed by a grand of-
fensive against the Germans before
the end of 1943.
These were the immediate pros-
pects raised for Britons whose para-
mount interest lies in the European
phase of the struggle. But the pos-
sibility that far-reaching decisions
may be reached on the whole global
war was not overlooked.
Churchill's meeting with the Ca-
nadian cabinet's war committee in
Quebec after talks with-Prime Min-
ister W. L. MacKenzie King may be
a significant pointer to coming
events.

Yanks Split
Munda, Base
On Bairoko.
Japanese Bulwark
Develops Around Zieta
New Ireland Territory
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
THE SOUTHWEST PACIFIC, Aug.
12, Thursday-The left flank of
American forces pushing on the last
foothold of the Japanese on New
Georgia Island has advanced north
to a point midway between captured
Munda and the encircled enemy gar-
rison at Bairoko Harbor, Gen. Doug-
las MacArthur's headquarters an-
nounced today.
Simultaneously, a spokesman for
the general disclosed for the first
time that capture on Aug. 5 of the
vital Munda airfield was accom-
panied by the elements of the 25th,
37th and 43rd infantry divisions and
the Marines.
Advises from South Pacific head-
quarters of Admiral William F. Hal-
sey gave little information about the
general progress of a two-pronged
American drive on Bairoko except to
say that enemy resistance was devel-
oping around Zieta, a village four
and a half= miles southwest of Bai-
roko. The right flank of the north-
ward-pushing elements previously
had been reported within two miles
of the harbor and had joinedwith
other forces which have been in the
area since July 5 when they landed
from the Kula Gulf at Rice Anchor-
age northeast of Bairoko.
Northwestward of this land action
above the Solomons in the vicinity of
New Ireland, our Liberators recon-
noitering those enemy-controlled
waters enjoyed some success against
Japanese shipping.
Planes Bomb
Nazi Shrine City
1,500 Tons of Bombs
Spilled on Nuernberg
LONDON, Aug. 12, Thursday-( P)
-British heavy bombers spilled more
than 1,500 long tons of explosives on
the Nazi shrine city of Nuernberg
Tuesday night, and Berlin radio
abruptly quit the air just after mid-
night Wednesday to indicate that the
ROF was hammering Germany for
the third straight night.
German planes dropped bombs on
a southwestern English coastal dis-
trict early today. These retaliatory
stabs have grown infrequent during
the summer as the Axis air force has
been put more and more on the de-
fensive.
The blasting of Nuernberg dis-
closed a switch in Allied strategy,
aimed at destroying Germany's fin-
ished products centers as distinct
from her already devasted basic in-
dustries.
Convinced that the long, heavy
blows in the Ruhr and the Rhineland,
where the Reich's elementary mater-
ials of war are produced, has all but
put an end to the enemy's flow of
basis materials, the RAF bomber
command has decided to concentrate
on the manufacturing stage.

Friendly youngsters crowd themselves into an American jeep
parked on a street in Sicily hoping the Yankee driver will give them a
ride.
.billion Dollar War Foo
Request Is Anticipated
RFC May Loan Commodity Credit Corporation
Funds To Encourage Higher Farmn Production
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Aug. 11.- The administration may ask Congress for at
least a billion dollars when it returns from recess in September to finance
the 1944 war food program-a program which is expected to set production
goals considerably above this year's prospective record output.
Programs Being Prepared
Associates of Food Administrator Marvin Jones said tentative recom-
mendations for funds were being prepared for submission to the lawmakers.
Congress would be asked to grant the Commodity Credit Corporation
authority to borrow the necessary funds from the Reconstruction Finance
Corporation.
The money would be used largely to support farm prices at levels de-
signed to encourage farmers to produce to the limit of their resources. Be-
cause production costs have ad- h-

A Jeepful of Hopeful Sicilians

vanced somewhat and Congress has
eliminated AAA benefit payments
for 1944, it may be necessary, food
officials said, to raise the support
prices on some commodities to assure
farmers a sufficient return.
Prices May Conflict with OPA
The increased support prices may
in some cases, they said, be out of
line with price ceilings established
by the Office of Price Administration.
Where such was the case, the offi-
cials continued, it would be neces-
sary for the CCC to buy the affected
crop or commodity and resell to dis-
tributors and processors at prices in
line with the ceilings.
Such resale operations would in-
volve losses. The losses would be
borne by the billion dollar fund now
under consideration.
Officials emphasized, however,
that losses would be far less than a
billion dollars. They explained that
a large fund would be necessary to
finance purchase and loan opera-
tions.
Transport Party
Reported Safe;
Await Rescue
NEW DELHI, Aug. 11.--()-An
American officer, returning from the
American base in Assam, India, re-
ported today that two-way ground
contact had been made with the
American and Chinese passengers
and. crew who parachuted from a
transport plane over northern Burma
Aug. 2, and he said that all were
comfortable.
By an undisclosed method, written
messages passing through the hands
of native runners and other secret
means have already arrived at the
base saying in part "all comfortable,
awaiting rescue party, natives friend-
ly."
The entire party was ordered to
remain in the same location until a
rescue mission arrives and American
authorities in Assam estimated it
may take two or three months before
the stranded party can be returned.
Among the group who bailed out
of their plane when engine trouble
developed were 20 of the 21 passen-
gers and crew.

Faulty Building
Causes Crash
St. Louis Glider Was
Poorly Manufactured
WASHINGTON, Aug. 11.-(M)-
The War Department announced to-
day that faulty manufacture and in-
spection caused the St. Louis glider
crash in which 10 persons were killed,
and said two Army Air Force inspect-
ors have been temporarily suspended.
A summary of conclusions reached
by three air forces investigating
groups, the announcement said, in-
dicated "that faulty manufacture by
a sub-contractor, faulty inspection
by the prime manufacturer, and in-
adequate enforcement of inspection
procedures, combined to produce a
fatal hidden defect in a wing strut
metal fitting."
The air forces have acted to pre-
vent any recurrence of such parts
failure, including the grounding of
all similar gliders manufactured in
the St. Louis area because they might
contain fittings from the same sub-
contractors. The glider which crash-
ed Aug. 1 was manufactured by the
Robertson Aircraft Corp., the Army
said, and approximately 100 craft
were grounded Aug. 4.
Occupations To
Decide Order
Of draft Call
WASHINGTON, Aug. 11.-()-
Selective Service , Headquarters is
preparing, D. C. Speaker said tonight,
to make occupation the principal fac-
tor' in determining the order of calls
for induction into the armed forces,
now that drafting of pre-Pearl Har-
bor fathers has been authorized af-
ter Oct. 1.
Speaker, unofficial authority, said
that as steps to this end it is planned:
1. To extend the long-dormant
"non-deferrable" list and make
holders of certain "non-essential"

British Naval
Groups Rake
Bay of Naples
Contact Established
Between American,
Tommies, near Bronte
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
NORTH AFRICA, Aug. 11.- British
and American attacks, knifing
through both coastal flanks, put the
heart of German bitter-end resis-
tance at Randazzo in Sicily under
increasing pressure today.
While British naval units in a
foray up . the coast of Italy 'raked
targets at the edge of the Bay of
Naples, British Tommies of the
Northumbrian Division fought their
way through the town of Guardia,
seven miles north of Acireale on the
east coast of Sicily, and advanced to
within a short distance south of
Riposto.
Contact Established
Ross Munro, Canadian Press cor-
respondent with the British Eighth
Army, said contact was established
between British and American forces
about midway between Bronte and
Randazzo, about nine miles north-
east of Bronte. Munro reported the
British were working into German
positions in the area while the Amer-
icans, a few miles northwest of them,
were moving slowly down the Cesaro-
Randazzo road.
The vanguard of the British
Eighth Army thus drew up to a line
directly east of Mt. Etna's summit
and gained its first glimpse of Italy's
shoreline after battling its way from
Egypt. Riposto is nine miles south
of Taormina, an Axis evacuation
base, and less than 30 miles from
Italy.
Americans Gain
The American Seventh Army was
reported to have made gains in the
battle for Cape Orlando, a little more
than 40 miles from Messina, after
firmly establishing itself on the
bridgehead won by sea-borne infan-
trymen two days ago. This landing
was at the mouth of the Rosmarino
River, three miles east of San Agata.
(The German communique said
German forces there were adopting
a mobile defense.)
Evacuation Fleet Gathers
The enemy's small boat traffic
across the narrow strait of Messina
increased and indications of the
gathering of an evacuation fleet mul-
tiplied-signs which caused the Al-
lied air forces, favored by moonlight
nights, to hurl greater fleets than
ever into making any Sicilian Dun-
kerque a costly endeavor.
But Allied spokesmen warned
against expecting anything but a
measured advance.
The battle for Randazzo, north of
Mt. Etna, grew in intensity in fact,
as the stubborn enemy burrowed into
the ruins of that central sector key
point, apparently determined to
make it a Sicilian Verdun.
Troops Approach Objective
American troops threw themselves
across mountain river's in the face
of raking artillery fire and with their
British and Canadian Allies charged
to within about six miles of their
objective.
Allied combat engineers continued
to perform near miracles in building
temporary bridges and clearing th
roads of thousands of tons of dyna-
mite-loosened debris in order to get
up the guns and the materials to
strangle the Germans into submis-
sion.
For the fourth consecutive "day
fleets of Allied light and fighter-
bombers saturatedgRandazzo with
bombs, intended to choke the narrow

twisting roads and make it unten-
able.
German losses in killed and woun-
ded were reported by Allied spokes-
men to have been extra high because
of their grim, fanatical resistance
against overwhelming odds.
Richenbacher
Finishes Tour
WASHINGTON, Aug. 11.-(W)--
Capt. Edward V. Rickenbacker re-
turned to Washington today from an
inspection tour abroad, including a
trip to Moscow in June, and reported
immediately to Secretary of War
Stimson.
Rickenbacker arrived in Moscow

i

RACIAL TENSION:
Dispute over Responsibility
For Detroit Race Riots Settled

DETROIT Mich., Aug. 11.--( ')-
Dispute over the responsibility for
Detroit's race roit of June 21 appar-
ently ceased tonight in the accept-
ance of a report by Gov. Harry F.
Kelley's fact-finding committee.
The committee, in a 300-page re-
port, said the riot was neither
planned nor premeditated, nor was
it inspired by subversive enemy in-
fluence.
Tension Caused Riots
"The riot resulted," the report said,
"from smoldering racial tension
which was inflamed as the result of
several disconnected incidents pro-
voked by a group of Negroes."
Dr .Tames TT M cendon .president

measures so this disgraceful thing
should not happen again."
The NAACP and Prosecutor WU-
hiam E. Dowling had been at odds
over the advisability of calling a
grand jury. Dowling opposed a grand
jury investigation as "an unnecessary
expense" and the city council voted
down a proposal for such an inquiry.
Members Listed
Dowling was a member of the com-
mittee which made the report. Its
other members were State Attorney
General Herbert J. Rushton, State
Police Commissioner Oscar Olander
and Police Commissioner John E.
Witherspoon of Detroit.
Mavorn .Tffries called the cnmmit-

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