tEMI CHI1GA t3lI
r1 I ;fAY 1JLY '2;1941
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Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
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Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
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Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43
Marion Ford ..Managing Editor
ud Brimmer . . Editorial Director
Leon dordenkerC . . . City Editor
Harvey Frank . . Sports Editor
Jeanne Lovett . . . . . Business Manager
Molly Winokur . Associate Business Manager
NIGHT EDITOR: MARGARET FRANK
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
''Men Must Not Fail
To Donate to I31o'd Bank
"IIS IS ADDRESSED to two and a half thou-
sand men, for that's the male civilian en-
rollment in the University at the present time.
Two days ago a call for 150 blood donors was
issued by Roy D. Boucher, chairman of the Red
Cross blood drive. This quota is the usual num-
ber which has been asked in past drives and
never have University men failed to meet it.
Actually this quota is a very small one, for out
of those 150 volunteers there'll be donors who
for physical reasons cannot be accepted to give
their blood plasma to the war effort.
YET, TODAY .ONLY FIVE STUDENTS
IAVE OFFERE) TO IDONATE TO THE
The value of the Red Cross blood bank work
cannot be highly enough praised. Through this
organization's good offices colorless, life-giving
blood plasma has been collected and sent to our
far-flung battlefields where thousands of Ameri-
can doughboys' lives have been saved by it. The
contributions which we University students make
to the blood bank are unquestionably helping the
Nation in its struggle for victory just as surely
as the toil of the men in armament factories,
steel mills, and shipyards.
N DONATING A PINT OF BLOOD, volunteers
have found that there is no easier method of
helping a war. The process is painless, speedy,
Army officials here at Ann Arbor expect that
at least 100 members of the armed forces wfll
voluntarily give blood to meet the quota in
August, but that leaves the July quota up to
civilians. Out of 2,500 male students on cam-
pus, 150 blood donors must and will be found.
'Ihe volunteers have until July 9 to sign up.
The place to volunteer is the Union mai desk.
Only those students 18 years or more inay regis-
It is the direct responsibility of dampus men
to see that this worthwhile home front objec-
tive is achieved. There are drily 7 days, but
145 volunteers to go. - Bud rimmer
NOT A PRANK!
Newsmen Did Not
Start Agency Row
PRESIDENT ROOSEVtLT tried Wednesday to
blow a smoke screen over domestic troubies
by accusing newspaper writers of stirring up
"some of the, controversies among officials and
agencies'of his Administration."
He mentioned the "internecine affairs" start-
ed by the newspapers, but when aked to be
specific reported. "there were flocks of them .,.
Read any columnists, pretty nearly, and go Back
to the files."
It may be a newsman's ideal of a prank that
Vibe-President Henry A. Wallace should be at
the same time calling FDR's Secretary of Co&-
merce Jessie Jones "an obstructionist to the
war effort" but it may be running true to the
old axiom "where there's smoke there's fire."
It seems that Mr. Roosevelt is providing the
The resignation of War Food Administrator
Chester C. Davis the day before was a little too
tangible for a newspaper prank. Also too tangi-
ble was Mr. Davis's statement to the Chief that
"the program to combat inflation won't work"
before he walked out and closed the door.
1T ALL BOILS DOWN to this. Whether the
smnr that h irst into flames this week'issued
L A OIREAY:
C eclares ft wi
Fight Congress' Acts
WHEN CONGRESS ordered the repeal of the
roll-back subsidy plan it declared war on
organized labor. The Connally anti-strike bill
and the pro-inflation moves of the legislators
are comparable to the Jap sneak attack on Pearl
Harbor. Labor has no choice but to declare war
oi the reactionaries who are bringing this nation
to its knees.
Phaillip Murray, president of the CIO, de-
clared reluctantly that unless prices were rolled
back by July 15, regardless of the actions of Con-
gi'ess, labor would do everything to break the
"Little Steel Formula". Mr. Murray has an ex-
cellent record as far as the war is concerned far
better than that of many of the Republican and
Democratic congressmen who voted the "declar-
ation- of war" on labor. But he- has no choice.
As leader of one of organized labor's largest rep-
resentative organizations, he knows that labor
cannot give up the freedom to organize freely,
and the principle of equality of sacrifice. Oth-
erwise, Hitlerism will creep in by the back door.
The current Michigan CI convention
knows that too. They have gone on record' as
willing' to fight for their rights against the
eneknies at hmie as well as abroad. Yesterday
the CIb fiade its position clear, by declaring
"that we consider our no-strike pledge no
longer binding unless the assurances made to
labor at the time the pledge was made are
immediately put into operation. The resolu-
tion further stated that "American industry
which fought against the establishment' of
our unions has used the war as an excuse to
refuse1 to bargain."
HE DELEGATES were justly incensed at the
activities of industry and their Republican-
Democratic stooges in Congress. Said one dele-
gate from Pontiac referring to a specific case:
"Strikes are the only language the Chrysler Cor-
poration understands, so let's give it to them."
Whoever does the thinking for the irresponsi-
ble reactionary coalition ought to have realized
what the result of recent Congressional actions
would be. This is the typeof action that brought
on a civil war between the workers of France and
their government in pre-Vichy days and brought
about that country's collapse.
But perhaps there is a iplan ad purpose to
this partisan war on the President and labor.
Perhaps tie' Repuliicans want the war to go
to pot for a while so that in 1944 they can
promiise to fix it all up agaii. Yes, the Re-
publican leadership doesn't miss on an anti-
Roosevelt trick nowadays even if it does cause
In the face of these outrageous activities of
Congress, in the face of a constantly more scorn-
ful attitude of emfployers towards the unions,
organized labor is faced with one of the greatest
dilemmas in its history. Will it abandon its
right's, throw away its hard won privileges, suffer
privation, when the rest of the nation, the cor-
porations, the farmers and such will be per-
mitted to make higher and higher profits "to
induce them to produce?" Rather, they would
gladly enter the armed forces.
T'IE WAY the national CIb organization is
handling the issue and the way the Michigan
CIO stands on the issue, seuarely means that
workers will fight for a people's War. They will
not denand more of the national resources than
any other group. But if under the recent Con-
gressional acts they are unable to do so, they
will have to strike and the responsibility will not
be theirs. ,
And if countless unjustified strikes occur
through heated tempers, the responsibility will
rest on Congress whose acts have made em-
ployers cocky in their dealings with unions,
and the press, especially in Detroit and Chi-
cago, which has misrepresented labor's ease
Labor has declared war but the hostilities have
not yet begun. The labor movement has wisely
given the Administration 15 days to convince the
Congress that either the anti-strike bill or the
anti-rollback must go. If the Republicans espe-
cially fefuse to see it that way their true purpose
Imust be publicized thrdUgh the width and
breadth bf the land-the Republicans are out to
destroy the New Deal even if it costs its the war.
Above all, let that be clear. - Ed Podiashuk
British Use German
Strahegy on Ruhr Area
THE ArR BATTLE of the Ruhr has become so
intense that it has turned into an aerial Ver-
dun or Battle of London in reverse. The Ger-
mans started both battles with the objective of
attacking wvith a superior air forde a target which
the enemy would have to defend at all costs.
They attacked Verdun and London not for their
own importance but rather 'as incidental objec-
tives to bleeding the French army white and
knocking taut the Sritish Air Force as a pre-
liminary to invasion.
The same strategy 1I now being applied by
the Allies to the kAuhr with devastating suc-
ces's. The Gerimins must defend the Ruhr at
any cost, for in it are prodeed three-fourths
of Germany's coal, four-fifths of her coke, and
two-thirds' of the nation's raw iron and coal,
the loss of which would cripple Axis armies,
At first, the Germans like the British, did not
call up reserve forces to resist the raiders as
they were willing to sacrifice factories to save
WASHINGTON, July 2.- Current rowing be-
tween the President and Congress is viewed by
White House advisers with a mixture of philoso-
phy and alarm. The White House staff is so big
these days that you are bound to get all shades
of reaction, beginning with that of worried Mar-
vin McIhtyre who recently told a friend on the
"When you have as much on your mind as the
President and Winston Churchill, you can under-
stand why things at home come second."
"Yes, Mac," said the President's friend, "but if
the Boss doesn't watch the home front, the
ground may be cut out from upder his main war
More philosophic advisers, on the other
hand, point to the problems which Woodrow
Wilson had with his last Congress, the Con-
gressional rows with Coolidge, Hoover and
Teddy Roosevelt. They argue that this fric-
tion is bound to develop, and that domestic
legislation especially suffers during a war.
This, of course, is true. But it is also true that
fiiction increases the further away a President
gets from his honeymoon days with Congress;
the longer he-stays in office.
However, nothing explains away the glaring
White House ineptitude of last week in not noti-
fying Capitol Hill leaders that the anti-strike
veto was coming so they could have the Presi-
dent's own labor supporters present to try to
That ineptitude substantiates what many
have felt for a long time, that with all the
high-powered White House secretaries and a
special assistant, ex-Congressman Jim Barnes,
supposed to coordinate between the White
House. and Congress, there just isn't any coor-
Note: One difficulty with every President is
that he hasn't the time to see many people, has
t- filter his views through the eyes of advisers.
In the last year or so, Roosevelt's advisers have
changed. He sees less of Congressional leaders,
more of Harry Hopkins, the genial Pa Watson
and the charming Princess Martha of Norway.
And because of the war, he has to devote a great
deal of time to military conferences with admir-
als and generals. The domestic front and Cor-
gress take a back seat.
The Governors' Conference, with police motor-
cycles and special cars whizzing all over Colum-
bus, set no example to gas-saving Americans.
Highlight of the meeting was a lovely junket of
$0 miles in 50 cars to inspect a nearby war plant
for no purpose at all . . . Perhaps they wanted
to equal the record of Maryland's First Lady,
Mrs. O'Conor in driving to Charleston, S.C. in a
state car . . . Ex-Governor George White, Demo-
crat, who deserted FDR for Willkie in 1940, this
time seemed to desert Willkie for Tom Dewey ...
When Dewey arrived in Columbus, he completely
stole the show from the Bricker crowd-women
rushing up to shake hands, admirers crowding
the hotel lobby. Finally when Young Tom
looked around for his Bricker aide to escort him
to his own hotel, ex-Gov. White stepped up and
offered to take Dewey off to his home for the
night . . . At the starch-bosom banquet Dewey
was the only man appearing in a business suit.
Ambassador Davies made a good speech at the
dinner, but the most talked of incident was the
fact that when he mentioned Roosevelt's name
a commander-in-chief, you could have heard a
pin drop. There was not one ripple of applause.
"I felt like yelling Heil to see if they would all
stand up," remarked a waiter . . . Some Bricker
leaders claim that the Taft boys are secretly
backing Dewey now in order to block Bricker-
thus creating a deadlock from which Taft would
emerge as the nominee. They say it is a favorite
Taft trick to put a rival candidate out in front
early, then let the politicos take pot-shots at him.
This is only one sample of the poison being
poured in on Italian-American families day in
and day out. The Schenectady family listening
to this broadcast had bought more than its quota
of bonds. The father worked in a war plant.
They were above average in their patriotism.
Yet when they heard this broadcast they wept.
The poison regarding American planes
bombing children could be easily refuted, be-
cause American pilots have a miraculous rec-
ord for hitting military objectives in precision
bombing. But a hog-wild Congress, bent on
cutting off all radio propaganda on the domes-
tic front, wants to let Axis poison from Rome
Note: Smart Dr. Frank Gigliotti, patriotic
Italian.- American from California, promptly
looked up Mussolini's edicts banning the use of
gasoline or oil for all entertainment, including
merry-go-rounds, pointed out that the incident
broadcast by Guidi could not have happened be-
cause no merry-go-rounds are operating. This
type of counter-propaganda is what OWI wants
to broadcast to Italian-Americans-if not barred
(Copyright. 1943, United Features Syndicate)
effort to defend one of their most vital areas.
I'd Rather Be Right
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
NEW YORK, July 2.-The trouble along with my overwhelming ap- line on the Willow Run scale, you
with most of our talk about foreign proval of it. still have to go right back to building
policy is that it is too lofty and time- that same wretched little shed.
less. It is conversation on a marble The Fulbright resolution doesn't It is perfectly possible for a Con-
pavement, among high pillars, in- start in any 'shed. 4t would put gressman to vote for this resolu-
stead of being instant, urgent col- Congress on record as favoring tion, and, next day, demand that
loquy on the sweating Tenth Ave- "creation of appropriate interna- we move our troops to the Pacific
nues of this world. tional machinery with power ade- and stop fretting so much about
Our sentences are round, and quate to maintain a just and last- Europe. He can vote for this reso-
smooth. There are- no projecting ing peace ... and participation of lution, and then vote against a sys-
knobs on them, on which a man the United States therein." Amen. tem of treaties with Britae, Rus
can hang .his hat. Do I want "in- I must also add: Build thee lesssia, and China, when these are
can hang :,lfinally. offeredt onntheground that
' ternational machinery" to "keep istately mansions, 0 my soul. This . finaldoesn't le clausegran is
the peace?" Of course I want it. is a resolution against sin. Even resolution, in other words, does not
But what does it mean? In the sinners can vote for it. The entire really hook them. It is round and
year 1943, the only international House Foreign Affairs Committeersmooth m. s tnisprouns and
machinery that can "keep the has voted for it. I am approxi- smoothasph an
peace" is a second front in Europe. mately as impressed as if it had cannot catch anything.
Possibly, too, we should join Brit. voted in favor of motherhood and Out of the Ages, Into Today
amI in her twenty-year treaty with against leprosy. I would be much I would .swap it for a resolution
Russia. Something on the order ofr more: impressed if it had: voted saying that this Congress goes on
these developments i s necessary as $5,000 to pay the expenses of a record in favor of immediate nego-
the first, crude machinery toward, roving ambassador to negotiate a tiation of binding twenty-year treat-
building the high powered peace system of twenty-year agreements ies of friendship and collaboration
plant of the future. with Britain, Russia and China. I with Britain, Russia and China. That
like timeless truths as well as the kind of resolution would implicitly
The Refinements Come Later next man. But I also like to know carry the Fulbright resolution in its
We need to use whatever machin- what time it is. teeth.
ery is available this year, to do the It would be a specifically 1943 reso-
work we have to do this year. Later We need a foreign policy for the uo a s modl, whres
on we can install air conditioning and ages, but we also need one for 1943. the Fulbright resolution is an any-
put rugs in the executives' offices. Too Round, Too Smooth, Too Big -old-year model.
After all, Henry Ford started in. a This one is too big and therefore It would sharpen the iron spears
shed. it lets Congress off too easily. Be- under the fence-sitters. It would take
This is may major objection to the cause, after you pass this resolution the issue. out of timeless into time.
Fulbright resolution, and it goes in favor of a peace-making assembly (Copyright, 1943, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
'SPITE AND FOLLY AHEAD OF WAR'
An Open Letter toCongressne
DEAR MR. CONGRESSMAN:
dEAR k. CONGES : r ave tnersThere are those who hate Rosevelt
don't know whether you ar Let me put it this way. There is a only a little more than they fear Hit-
aware of it, but you have during your grvlaneehtrh.ahieyo And there are those who fear
grave danger that the machnery of
actions over the last few weeks cut government on the home front will Hitler a good deal more than they
out a fateful role for yourself. By cometo a standstill. There is a hate Roosevelt.
youracrippling of the Office of War grave danger of the total collapse of The firstgroup has always been
Information, by your killing of the our price control structure. There is ready to. sabotage the anti-fascist
a grave danger of the further spread war. The second group has until
Farm Security Administration, by of strikes and the further corrosion Inow supported it. But now, whe-
your cuts in the OPA budget and of labor morale. There is a grave ther because of heat and irritation,
your ban on subsidies for rolling back danger of further organized with- or because of bitterness about the
food prices, by your vote to override holding of food from the market, as coal strike, or beeause they think
the President's veto of the Smith- in the present "beef strike." that the war is as good as won any-
Connally anti-labor bill, you and way, theyb have let their hatred of
your colleagues have assumed 'an fAnd, sie a war economy is all Roosevelt spill over until it drowns
ofa piece, there is a grave danger
enormous responsibility. that runaway prices, growing cut their fear of Hitler.
In the simplest words, you have strikes, labor bitterness, synthetic Responsibility
taken away from the President his food scarcities will have a drastic
constitutional role as leader on the effect on war production and on You ave a Constitutional right,
home front. You keep him and his the will to victory. Mr. Congressman, to talk and vote as
Administration from doing their red and spite. You have a rig t to
,fob. On the other hand, you and A Question folly. You do not have a moral rigit,
your fellows are obviously une- I put a frank question to you, Mr. however, to put your hatred and spite
quipped to run the home front Congressman: are you willing to car- and folly ahead of the war economy
yursel. T e rnut mut ba ry the responsibility for this on your and the homefront, or to endanger
chaos, stalemate, confusioni, and a shoulders? Because that is what it victory with them.
fearful crippling of the will to vie-adds up to. You are risking the high If there are more strikes, you will
tort'. stakes of victory in this war for the have to bear the burden-for you
Immoral not-so-obscure motives that impel have taken over the home front. If
you to act as you do. there are price collapse, food scarcity,
I assume you know this. And know- You are takingsthe greed and co- race riots, you will bear the heavy
ing this, I assume you have intne nomic self-interest of the big cattle responsibility.
it. eng ho donoreon ithmeedmen and the big food profiteers, the Look into your heart, Mr. Con-
it. Men who do not reckon with the emions of the Roosevelt-haters, the gressman. Are you ready for that?
consequences of their acts are not panting for office on the part of -Max Lerner, PM
only ignorant: they are immoral. And those who have been out of it-and
I cannot bring myself to believe that you are heeding them in preference ngress
my Congress is made up of amajor-f a people's war. You ConS AI uC
my ongrens ansim oralmejr-are putting profits, politics, and pow- The predictions The New Republic
ity of ignorant and immoral men. er ahead of human life and ahead of made last year about what would
Since you are grown men, with national survival. happen if we elected the kind of
your eyes open -and with a know- I am not proud of you, Mr. Con- Congress we subsequently did elect
ledge of the facts of life, you must gressman. I have written in the past came true. Our Congress ran amuck.
know that we are in the midst of in these columns that the large ma- In rapid succession, our lower
an authentic home front crisis. It jority of Congress are decent and house voted in substantial favor of
won't do to mince words in speak- patriotic men, and that they must measures which if upheld in the
ing about these things. I think deal with their vicious minority. Well, Senate would bring: 1) Dangerous
that In speaking out during the they have dealt with that minority- inflation. 2) Confused and garbled
past week in words and pictures and ended by being swallowed up by presentation of the facts about the
about the anti-Negro riots, PM it. progress' of our war. 3) Post-war
performed a service to the NatIon. lack of any attempt at planned re-
And PM will speak out just as Roosevelt Hating turn to peacetime ways. No Axis
frankly about the extent to which The majority of Congressmen have agenda for undermining our strength
Congress is creating a national cri- revealed themselves as little emotion- could improve on these three points.
sis on the home'front. al mlen who fall into two groups. -The New Republic
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
All notices for The Daily Official Bulle-
tin are to be sent to the Office of the
Summer Session in typewritten form by
3:30 p.m. of the day preceding its publi-
cation, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
FRIDAY, JULY 1, 1943
VOL. LIII, No. 3-S
STUDENTS IN NAVY TRAINING
PROGRAM: All V-1 and V-7 stu-
dents assigned to University of
Michigan should obtain orders for
text books as follows: All Engineer-
ing from Assistant Dean A. H. Lov-
ell, 259 West Engineering Building;
all others from Assistant Dean L. S.
Woodburne, 1208 Angell Hall.
Season Tickets for the series of
five plays to be presented by the
Anthropology 159s, Primitive Soci-
ety will meet in Room 1025 Angell
Hall. -Leslie A. White
Mathematics 278-Mathematics of
Relativity-will meet Mondays and
Thursdays at 7:20 p.m. in the Staff
Room, 2nd floor, East Physics Build-
ing. ---G. Y. Rainich
Graduate Students: Preliminary
examinations in French and German
for the doctorate will be held on
Thursday, July 6 from 4 to 6 p.m. in
the Rackham Amphitheatre. Dic-
tionaries may be used.
4 FACULTY, COLLEGE OF LITER-
ATURE, SCIENCE, AND THE
Attendance report cards are being
'distributed through the departmen-
t ailr fip_"Isrora eraus
page '52 of the 1941-42 ANNOUNCE-,
MENT of our College.
-E. A. Walter
Students, College of Literature,
Science and the Arts: Election cards
filed after .the end of the first week
of the semester may be accepted by
the Registrar's Office only if they
are approved by Assistant Dean
Walter. Students who :fail to file
their election blanks by the closeof
the third week, even though they
have registered and have attended
classes unofficially will forfeit their
privilege of continuing in the Col-
lege. -E. A. Walter
Spanish Teas: There will be a
Spanish tea this afternoon in the
cafeteria of the Michigan League at
3 o'clock. All those interested see
Professor del Toro from 1:30 to 3 in
Room 201 Romance Language Build-