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July 01, 1942 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1942-07-01

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Editotial

Present Congress
Among History's Worst .

I

VOL. LI. No. 12-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WDNESDAY, JULY 1, 1942

2:15 A.M. FiNAL

Kursk Battle
Still Raging;
Reds Fight On
At Sevastopol
Whole Russian Line Still
Holds After Offensives
By Nazis; Crimean Base
Still In Grave Danger
200 German Tanks
Lost In Kursk Area
MOSCOW, July 1 (Wednesday)-
(P)-The great German tank and in-
fantry offensive in the Kursk sector,
now in its fourth day, was rolled back
again yesterday by stubborn Red
Army fighting which cost the Ger-
mans 150 tanks, the midnight com-
munique said today.
The Russians also beat off massive
German attacks on the fortifications
of Sevastopol, Crimean naval base
more than 500 miles to the south of
the Kursk battle.
The Battle of Kursk, 200 miles
south of Moscow, showed no signs
of diminishing its intensity. The
communique mentioned attacks of
"big infantry and tank units" and
said the Germans were suffering
'colossal losses."-
"In the Kursk direction, the stub-
born battle continues," the communi-
que said. "On one sector alone dur-
ing the day we killed over 2,000 Ger-
mans."
150 Tanks Destroyed
The communique said 150 tanks
were destroyed in addition to 200
previously reported knocked out in
the first two days of the Kursk battle.
Referring to the bitter fighting
around besieged Sevastopol, where
the Germans have thrown a quarter
of a million men into the furious as-
sault, the High Command said terse-
ly:
"On the Sevastopol sector our
troops beat off attacks by big enemy
forces."
This indicated the Russian lines
were holding firm after the with-
drawals mentioned in the previous
day's communique.
The Kursk offensive, north of
Kharkov, thundered into full fury
Sunday in what looked like the pre-
lude to Hitler's long-overdue general
assault and the Russians said the
Nazis registered some initial pene-
trations with infantry troops.
Timoshenko's Men Swarm
But before supporting tanks could
be brought up, Marshal Timoshenko's
men swarmed in behind the Nazis
who perished in these tight pockets
by the hundreds. More than 200
German tanks were declared knocked
out in two days and, with the enemy
thus weakened, the Russians said
their forces were able to smash sub-
sequent attacks on their positions.
At Sevastopol the situation was
clearly one of the utmost gravity for
the Soviet garrison as the unequal
struggle raged through its 26th day
apparently to an imminent decision.
Dispatches from the German bat-
tlefield said the Germans had inched
forward slowly during the day with
their fortifications of once-great but
now ruined naval base.
18 To 20 Age Group
Registration Ends;
Number Unknown
As the fifth Selective Service Reg-
istration ended yesterday, voluntary

registrars were busily tabulating the
number of University and local men
within the 18 to 20 year limits who
had registered.
Although no figures have as yet
been announced as to the number of
men registered, officials expected that
the number of University students
would almost equal the city's regis-
tration.
Throughout the county officials
were busily registering young men
for selective service which now in-
cludes all men between the ages of
18 and 65.
White To Lecture
On Race Problem
"The Racial Subject' from an
Anthropological Viewpoint" will be
discussed by Prof. Leslie A. White
at the organizational meeting of the
newly formed Race Relations Asso-
ciation at 8 p.m. today in the Union.

Fifteen Minute Pause To Fight Axis:

Bonds For Victory

Rampaging Axis Columns Sweep
PastElDaba,TowardsAlexandria;
Churchill'Confidence'Vote Seen

Helen Betke sells her share of bonds .. .
* * * *

Launching Michigan's 'Retailers for Victory' month, every merchant
in Washtenaw County will halt all business activity at 12 noon today and
devote 15 minutes exclusively to the sale of War Savings Stamps and
Bonds.
With 61,000 retail merchants in the state behind the drive, Michigan's
quota of the $1,000,000,000 nation-wide goal has been set at $48,000,000.
"While July is the big month, it is not the only month," stated Paul
L. Proud, Retail Chairman of Washtenaw County. "We retailers are in the
War Stamp and Bond business for the duration."
Dropping' the passive attitude which has characterized the sale of'
War Bonds and Stamps to date, retailers will really push their sale. In
every retail store clerks will suggest that customers take their change in
stamps, a habit which the Government is asking all persons to form.
Calling upon retail merchants with their sales ability and wide con-
nections with the public as the logical persons to undertake othe drive,
Treasury officials are asking retailers to sell War Stamps and Bonds
amounting to four percent of the gross sales for that month.
Since early May retailers in Michigan, under the State Chairmanship
of Qscar Webber, Vice President and General Manager of J. L. Hudson
Co., have been building a super organization to do this job assigned them
by the Treasury Department. In meetings throughout Michigan retailers
and their employes have been trained in methods of selling for the victory
campaign.
Standard insignia of stores participating in the stamp and bond drive
will be a red, white and blue 'V' decoration in the display windows. Other
special feature of the campaign will be sales clerks in special .costumes
selling boutonnieres made of savings stamps.
Tlfe retail merchants' drive is designed to meet the needs of our na-
tion where less than half of the wage-earners can participate in payroll
savings plans.
"The other half cannot be feasibly reached on the payroll deduction
basis and therefore must be contacted in some other manner," said Mr.
Proud. "Those people come to our stores every day to buy food, clothing,
furniture and merchandise and services of all kinds. We retailers, by sug-
gesting that they accept part of their change in War Savings Stamps, can
turn over to Uncle Sam millions of dimes and quarters and half-dollars
for providing more ships, planes, tanks, guns and bullets for our boys who
are fighting at the front."
Governor Van Wagoner is expected to make a special proclamation at
noon today to inaugurate the program, and other special features are
planned to let the people know what the retailers are doing to help win
the war.
Among these special features planned are marching bands, blasting
air raid warning whistle and flights of warplanes from nearby fields.
These devices and many others will be used to make the people aware of
the drive.
"We want people to know that a twenty-five cent War Savings Stamp
buys a dozen bullets. When people begin to realize what these War Stamps
will actually buy, they will want more and more of them," said Mr. Proud.
800 University Staff Members
Participate In Bond Drive

Auchinleck's Appointment
Soothes Critics; Ritchie
Out As African Leader
Prime Minister's
Return Applauded
LONDON, June 30.-(P)-A decisive
victory for Prime Minister Church-
ill's National Government was pre-
dicted tonight by well-informed par-
liamentary sources despite the addi-
tion of two recruits to the list of 19
chronic critics whose "no-confi-
dence" motion precipitated the im-
pending two-day debate in Commons.
The Prime Minister himself partly
disarmed his critics today by an-
nouncing in Commons that General
Sir Claude J. E. Auchinleck, Com-
mander-in-Chief of the British forces
in the Middle East, had assumed
command of the British Army in
North Africa on June 25, superseding
Lieut.-Gen. Neil M. Ritchie. After
today's House session Churchill con-
ferred with King George.
Churchill's First Appearance
It was Churchill's first appearance
in the House since his return from
the United States and he received
a tumultuous welcome.
Nevertheless, the debate which
opens tomorrow was expected to
verge on the acrimonious and the
probing and criticism were expected
to wring from Churchill some con-
cessions. These, the Parliamentary
sources said, would be most likely
to take the form of the creation of
a more effective body to direct the
British military effort, such as a
combined general staff.
The Prime Minister gave no ac-
counting today of his conferences
with President Roosevelt, confining
himself to this brief statement:
Auchinleck Decides To Lead
"I do not propose to make any
statement today about the momen-
tous battle now being fought in
Egypt, but I feel the House would
wish to know that on June 25 Gen-
eral Auchinleck decided to assume
command of the Eighth Army per-
sonally in succession to General
Ritchie.
"As soon as Auchinleck informed
the government of the decision he
had taken he was at once told that
it had our approval."
ullietin
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, AUS-
TRALIA, - (Wednesday) July 1.-()
-Allied troops made a commando-
type raid Sunday night on the Japa-
nese garrison at Salamaua, New
Guinea, inflicting approximately 60
casualties on the enemy and suf-
fering only two wounded in their
own forces, General MacArthur's
headquarters announced today.
A high Army spokesman said the
raid could be compared with the
British commando raids on the Euro-
pean continent, but did not disclose
any illuminating details.
Both United States and Australian
troops are stationed in southern New
Guinea, but itwas not disclosed
which participated.,
(U.S. Marines may have partici-
pated in the landing. It was dis-
closed last Saturday in Atlanta, Ga.,
that a major expeditionary force of
Marines had landed at a South Pa-
cific "jumping off place," apparently
equipped to be the spearhead of a
United Nations offensive in that war
area.
(Salamaua is about 150 miles due
north of Port Moresby, the Allied
base in southern New Guinea. An
almost impassable mountain range
lies between the two points. Thus it
would appear the Allied action was a
sea-borne affair rather than an
overland strike.)

Students Interested
In Navy Programs
To Be Interviewed
Lieut.-Commdr. Harry G. Kipke
and Lieut.-Comdr. D. G. Shea will

Japs Threaten
To Open New
Front In China
Coastal Town Of Fukien
Is Possible Objective;
Troops Based Nearby
CHUNGKING, June 30.-(AP)-Jap-
anese forces in Kiangsi Province ap-,
peared tonight to have opened a new
phase of their East China campaign
with indications that the coastal
province of Fukien might be their
next objective.
Japanese columns admittedly were
making progress in slashing attacks
through Eastern Kiangsi toward the
Fukien border and a Chinese spokes-
man said some 50,000 Japanese troops
from the Philippines were concen-
trated on Formosa, the Japanese is-
land colony just off Fukien's coast.
They were there, the Chinese heard,
"for readjustment and training"-
presumably after their hard cam-
paigning and heavy losses that pre-
ceded the reduction of Bataan and
Corregidor-but Formosa notoriously
is a preparation ground for offensive
action. The conquest of the Phil-
ippines was rehearsed there.
Japanese columns already are in
southern Chekiang, near Fukien's
northern border, and in Eastern Ki-
angsi, just west of Fukien. Chinese
strategists believed there might be co-
ordinated drives from both direc-
tions against the province which the
Japanese need to round out their
conquests and give them a safe over-
land route from Shanghai to Singa-
pore.
The Chinese High Command com-
munique admitted that Japanese
forces attacking south off Ihwang,
80 miles south-southeast of Nan-
chang, former capital of Kiangsi, had
made progress.
The communique was silent on the
situation along the Chekiang-Kiang-
si railway, the objective of most of the
East China fighting in the last six
weeks,
Bishop Scores Nazis
LONDON, June 30.-('P)--Disclos-
ure today of a critical sermon de-
livered Sunday by the Bishop of
Berlin, Count Konrad von Preysing-
Lichtenegg-Moos, coupled with re-
cent anti-Nazi manifestations by
Catholic priests in occupied coun-
tries, have led informed British
sources to the belief there might be
the beginning of coordinated church
opposition to Adolf Hitler.

Krug Tells At Treason Trial
Of Flight FromCanada, U.S.
Nazi Airmen Nonchalantly Relates How He Fooled
Police; Says Stephan Merely Did 'Personal Favor'
By PAUL M. CHANDLER
DETROIT, June 30.-(P)-Smug and smiling in the blue uniform of
a Nazi air oberlieutenant, 22-year-old Hans Peter Krug blandly told in
Federal court today of how he outwitted police officers of Canada and the
United States for almost two weeks in making his way from an Ontario
prison camp to Detroit, Chicago, New York and San Antonio.
The government's first witness in the treason trial of Max Stephan,
Detroit restaurant-keeper, the young pilot balked only at divulging details
n of his flight, which he described as

"military secrets." He insiSted Ste-
phan helped him as a "personal fa.
vor" and not with treasonable intent
to aid an enemy nation.
At length he brought the question-
ing to a halt, saying: "The defenders
of Max Stephan stated that I stayed
to testify against Stephan. If that
is so, I will be relieved of further
questioning-I don't want to testify
against Stephan."
Government attorneys said they
had completed his examination, and
he was permitted to leave the stand
at this point.
Earlier the young Nazi had related
his experiences with Stephan in De-
troit-of trips to bars and restau-
rants and gifts of money from the
restaurant owner, a naturalized citi-
zen who was a sergeant in the Ger-
man Army during World War I. The
hot courtroom was packed with spec-
tators and in the hallway stood two
hundred more.
Krug grinned broadly when he
testified, "yes, FBI agents arrested
me in San Antonio--unfortunately."
He gave two reasons for his flight
from a -Bowmanville, Ont., prison
camp on April 16.
"First, I wanted to return to Ger-
many and to my duty," he said. "Sec-
ond, I wanted to report to German
government officials the conditions
I fund in Canadian camps-of the
murder of a comrade-flier of mine.
District Attorney J. C. Lehr said
there was "absolutely no substantia-
tion" of the young Nazi's story of
the shooting of a fellow-,prisoner
whom he designated only as "Ober-
lieutenant Miller."
Enrollment Figures
Reveal Increases
The Statistical Service of the Reg-
istrar's office disclosed that up to
June 30 the enrollment of students
in the summer term and session has
increased 16.4 percent over the pre-
vious summer's attendance. The sta-
tistics show that the number of men
students for this period has in-
creased 34.5 percent, while the en-
rollment of coeds has decreased 7.5
percent.
The undergraduates in the sum-.
mer term total 2,931 of which only
598 are coeds. The undergraduate
enrollment in the summer session is
619.
The total attendance in the pro-
fessional schools numbers 719, the
greater part of which comes from
the summer term. In contrast, the
total graduate attendance is concen-
trated in the summer session. The
graduates in summer session total
1,286, whereas those in summer term
total 328.

Endanger Entire Egyptian
Defense; Marks 75 Mie
Advance Since Matruh
Witness Describes
ConfusedStruggle
By EDWARD KENNEDY
(Associated Press Correspondent)
CAIRO, June 30.-Swiftly attack-
ing Axis armored columns plunged
past El Daba, only 100 miles west of
Alexandria, tonight on an advance
that imperiled the entire defense of
Egypt.
This marked a 75-mile sweep dur-
ing one night and day since the fall
of Matruh.
Whether the Axis sweep beyond
El Daba-generally regarded as the
point where the mauled Eighth Army
had been expected to make a firm
stand-was in force or by scattered
panzer units was not clarified in a
brief announcement tonight.
The Eighth Army, now under the
personal command of Gen. Sir
Claude Auchenleck, may be able to
stand firm at a natural defense posi-
tion 35 miles east of -El Daba. There
the desert between the Mediterra-
nean and the eastern extremity of
the soft, sand-bogged Qattara De-
pression narrows to about 36 miles.
Narrowest Point
This is the narrowest point of the
bottlneck into which the Axis forces
have plunged in their speedy ad-
vance against the British, who, al-
though exacting what Nazi casualties
they could, have been withdrawing
without making a major stand,
Fresh New Zealand and Free
French reinforcements and new U.S.
Army Air Corps squadrons joined the
battle during the day and earlier
reports said the British lines were
stiffening.
The battle of rapid maneuver still
was highly fluid, but the Axis forces
already were 200 miles inside Egypt
-far beyond the deepest previous
penetration by the Italians at the
start of the first desert campaign in
1940.
Tanks, Men, Artillery
The milling masses of tanks, men
and artillery ranged over hundreds
of square miles of hard, brown desert
sand during the day and fought on
tonight under the refreshing cool of
a desert moon.
Earlier in the bitter combat today,
the Allied army had thrown back the
advancing Germans from Fuka, a
coastal point on the rim of the desert
45 miles southeast of Matruh. But
the wily Axis commander, Marshal
Erwin Rommel, struck again with
his two German and a third Italian
armored divisions. Apparently the
British dropped back before the su-
perior forces in good order.
Witness Describes
Confused Struggle
By HARRY CROCKETT
(Associated Press Correspondent)
With the British Army On the
Egyptian Desert Front, June 29-
(Delayed) -(2')- British and Axis
troops were fighting tonight in the
El Daba-Fuka area west of Alexan-
dria, but the supreme collision be-
tween their main armies was yet to
come.
British troops cntinue to slip
through the German and Italian ad-
vance pa.trols to regain the positions
of their main army, and reinforce-
ments still are moving up for a big
prospective battle along the coastal
road between the Mediterranean
coast and the Qattara Depression to
the south.
For hours I've watched leathery
Britons, bearded Sikhs and dark-
skinner Cape Colony troops stream-
ing back from the front to new posi-
tions.

University Graduate
James C. Anderson
Killed In Accident
James Carlson Anderson, 1520 Hill,
died en route to University Hospital
yesterday of severe chest injuries re-
ceived in a truck-auto collision near
Howell. He was 24 years old.

ti

Aviation Cadet Board To Recruit
At Health Service Until Friday

As the University's voluntary sav-
ings plan ended its third month in
operation, officials reported that
nearly 800 staff members were par-
ticipating with payroll deductions
for the systematic purchase of War
Bonds, totaling over $10,000 for the
month of June.
Continuing its rapidly accelerating
rise, from $618.75 for the first month
and $5,229.75 for the second, deduc-
tions cleared the $10,000 mark for
June with substantial increases ex-

versity has also been busy purchasing
war bonds, officials disclosed yester-
day. Since War Bonds first became
available, the University has pur-
chased a total of $227,150 for its
trust funds and for campus organ-
izations eligible to buy them. At
present the University has nearly
$5,000,000 of endowment and other
funds invested in War Bonds and
in regular U.S. Government issues.
A question frequently asked sav-
ings plan officials concerns the use

Recruiting for the most flexible'
program yet offered by the Army
Air Forces, the Aviation Cadet Trav-
elling Examining Board headed by
Lieut. John H. Patterson will be
located at the Health Service through
Friday of this week.
The board has already enlisted
19 cadets and will enlist a similar
group on Friday. Many of these
are students who have been granted
deferred status.
Lieut. George Comte reported that
ha l-.rnrA l a4-nnn-1-nnahla-to ra4-a rnl

Washtenaw County Air Force Spon-
sors Association.
Particularly stressed by the board
on this trip are openings in other
than combat pilot training. The
board is authorized to accept appli-
cations for special Air Force branch-
es which ask for specialized educa-
tional requirements. Candidates for
training in communications, meteor-
ology, engineering, armaments and
photography may present their schol-
astic blueprints for examination by
Washington authorities. Those who

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