-__THE MICHIGAN DAILY
THE MIC..: I1'JE .. :X L V. aN4! ! ['Ai IVX1
__ _.._ __ _ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ _ _
C14g 3 rigJIUUU iII
By DREW PEARSON and ROBERT S. ALLEN
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NIGHT EDITOR: IRVING JAFFE
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Labor Unions And
Racial Discrimination . .
W HEN several thousand workers in the
Hudson Naval Ordnance Arsenal
went on strike Thursday because eight Negroes
were put on production jobs with them, they
gave the nation's anti-labor bloc the finest op-
portunity it has had in months to howl with
glee. And at the same time, the heart of many
a pro-laborite hit near rock bottom on reading
the disgusting details of almost unbelievable
racial discrimination among a group of Ameri-
The reactionaries were happy-and the liberals
proportionately unhappy-because the strike
came close to discrediting not only the UAW-
CIO but the entire labor movement in the eyes
of the public. Only the swift, decisive and
highly commendable action of R. J. Thomas,
international president of the UAW, saved his
union and the rest of labor from a complete
THE CHARGE that this one instance of obvi-
ous racial discrimination within one trade
union proves all trade unions undemocratic is,
of course, nonsense-the usual type of reac-
tionary nonsense. But it does go far toward
proving something else. It strongly indicates
that rumors of Ku Klux Klan and National
Workers League encroachment on labor unions
in Detroit are perhaps not far from the truth.
It is known that both of these organizations
have an all-too-large following among the thou-
sands of Southerners who have migrated to the
automobile city. It is also known for a fact that
the KKK afid the NWL were the instigators of
the recent Sojourner Truth race riots.
That these pro-Fascist groups have been
able to work their way into some of the locals
in Detroit is not the fault of the labor leaders.
Although from time to time unions-particu-
larly in the South-have been guilty of racial
discrimination, the labor movement on the
whole is probably more free of this stigma
than any other section of the population. The
explanation of the Hudson plant episode lies
in the fact that the UAW accepts as a member
any worker--and a good many of those work-
ers are Southern and almost completely un-
educated, thus ready prey for organizations
of the Klan type.
Unions and union leaders have almost con-
tiually attempted to educate their members
against the Fascism and inequality represented
by the Klan and the National Workers League.
The constitution of the UAW specifically pro-
vides for the rights of its members with no re-
gard to race or creed. In an attempt to aid the
war effort, every UAW local has set up a Fair
Employment Practice Committee which is
pledged to "eliminate discrimination of this
kind (race, creed, color or national origin) and
carry on a broad educational policy throughout
the union and the community in support of
fair employment practices."
T HE COMMITTEE at the Hudson plant tried
its best to keep the men at their jobs. So did
the officials of the local. But the hold of racial
prejudice-spread and fostered by men who pose
as Americans but are in reality Fascists (one
cannot be both)-was too strong on at least
some of the workers.
Four of them have now been fired by the
Navy with the wholehearted approval of the
international union and the local. Thomas and
WASHINGTON-If you are registered on the
draft rolls, here is the general picture of your
prospects under the Selective Service amend-
ments just passed by Congress.
If you are between 20 and 45, unmarried with
no dependents, your status is unchanged.
If you are married and now classified as 1-A,
your draft board will be directed to shift you to
3-A. That means the chances are strong you
will not be called for at least another 8 to 12
months, depending on the trend of the war and
on what is done about lowering the draft age
If you are unmarried, but have dependents
and are classed 3-A, you will.be moved up to 1-A
and headed for induction by fall. The new al-
lowance and allotment act, under which soldiers
with dependents put up $22 a month and the
government $28, is the basis for this change.
As Selective Service officials figure it, by off-
setting these two switches against one another,
the 4,500,000 Army which the War Department
wants to raise by January, can be obtained from
1-A's in the 20 to 45 age groups. After that, if
the Army still needs men, Selective Service ei-
ther will have to turn to married men now de-
ferred, or the draft age will have to be lowered
to 18, as strongly favored by military chiefs.
That will take congressional action, and until
next November, there is no chance of anything
being done by Congress. Ever after November
elections there is no certainty Congress will be
any more eager to act. It will depend on what
happens in the elections and the way the war is
going. If it is not going well, Congress is likely
to be more willing to follow the demands of the
military and include 18-year-olds.
If that is done, then married exempts will get
another breather, probably into the summer or
fall of 1943. It is estimated that 18-19 yearers
will furnish 1,200,000 new soldiers. This would
bring the Army to over 6,000,000 by next July.
If by that time still more men are needed, then
will come the turn of married registrants, begin-
ning with the lower age groups.
A Warship's Will
Drawing up a will is a simple matter for Rep-
resentative Warren Magnuson of Washington,
who practiced law before coming to Congress.
However, the scrappy, young New Dealer learned
a new wrinkle about wills while he was on active
duty as a Lieutenant Commander with the Pa-
cific fleet. He had to make out a will for a ship.
Few people know that it is customary for Navy
ships, especially large ones, battleships and air-
plane carriers, to have wills just as do the men
All the big ships have their own bank ac-
counts, made up of "service funds" acquired
from the sale of tobacco, candy and other mer-
chandise. These accounts run into thousands of
dollars, and they don't belong to the Navy or
the government, but to the ships and crews.
Magnuson, who won his bars in the Naval Re-
serve, didn't know this either until one day he
was handed a memorandum from the ecom-
manding officer of the airplane carrier oi
which he was stationed. It read:
"Please have Magnuson prepare a proper legal
document, transferring all assets (bank ac-
counts, cash, etc.) to Navy Relief in event ship
The carrier, Magnuson learned, had a nest-
egg of thousands of dollars, most of it in Cali-
Unsung Heroes Of Sea
Nobody shouted it from the housetops, but
last week for the first time since Pearl Harbor
not a single U.S. or Allied ship was tied up in an
American port for lack of a crew.
This may not sound like a remarkable achieve-
ment. But considering the numerous desertions
from Allied merchant ships, it is. Allied seamen
have been jumping ship in American ports at
the rate of 400 per month, and the resulting
congestion of shipping here has been serious.
Last week's record came partly as a result of
patriotic appeals made to seamen, partly as a
result of some tough, but unobtrusive, work by
Marshall Dimmock, in charge of the Maritime
Commission's labor setup.
Dimmock has been working quietly with the
Department of Justice, the unions and the Al-
lied countries in a combined drive to get men
back to the merchant ships. Part of this drive
is the arrest of all foreign seamen in the United
States. A lot of them have been getting jobs in
defense plants where they earn in one week
what they make at sea in a month.
Also Dimmock has persuaded the British to
raise their wages somewhat. Finally, the unions
have been doing their best to cooperate in train-
ing men, and getting more U.S. seamen on the
It isn't generally realized, but the average
seaman faces more risk at sea than most men
in the army and navy. And they get almost no
recognition for it. In some ports, for instance,
Army and Navy men are welcomed at canteens
and benefits for service men, but members of
the merchant marine are turned away-chiefly
because they are not recognized.
Dimmock is trying to work out some arrange-
ment whereby these unsung heroes of the sea
get more recognition for the patriotic work they
New York Battle
Behind the scenes a big battle is in the mak-
ing among New York Democratic chiefs over the
Administrationites and their powerful labor al-
It is possible that in the end, thanks to Far-
ley's skillful management, they may have to take
Bennett, but it would be only after a knock-
This has been made very clear behind the
scenes since Farley's recent talk with the Pres-
Following that meeting, the first between
them in 14 months, word went out from the
Bennett camp that he had been given the nod
by Roosevelt and everything was all set. This
claim immediately drew a flock of excited in-
quiries from anti-Bennett quarters, particularly
labor, which is cold towards him indeed.
The private White House answer was a flat
denial that the President had agreed to go along
The version of the Roosevelt-Farley conversa-
tion related by White House spokesmen was this:
That when Farley proposed Bennett, the Presi-
dent replied, "Jim, Bennett's. my man. I person-
ally picked him for State Attorney years ago. I
know John and I like him. He's a fine fellw.
But, Jim, I don't think he can win."
The Administrationites charge that only the
first part of this statement was put out by the
Bennet camp and that the latter part, turning
him down, was carefully suppressed.
Oy p er SA~1Ie
was going to tell you about Ed, who runs the
punch-press next to mine in the factory. He's
got a doctorate and two masters, one in physics
and the other in math; but all this was before I
went to Saturday luncheon over at Lane Hall;
now I've got something else to say and Ed will
have to wait.
It's going to be a difficult column to write
because it's about a mistake, a mistake made by
a fellow who's rather an idol of mine. For that
matter he's the idol of hundreds of little people
you see around. Sophomores, who sit up late
turning sentences around three times so that
they ring, and juniors who burn Story Magazine
rejection slips in ash trays. You can tell who we
are when you see us. We tell freshmen we're
writers and upperclassmen, that we'll probably
teach school, we say My God, only we slur it to-
gether so it's migod and we flip our cigarettes
out the window when they're low enough to
burn our fingers. Oh, you've seen us around,
you've seen us drinking coffee, or cutting classes,
or soft-soaping our landladies. Anyway, all this
is about why I hate to write this column, be-
cause the mistake was Jay McCormick's and he's
rather an idol of mine.
FOR A LONG TIME Jay's column, Touch-
stone's to you, was being printed in a Meth-
odist Journal of one sort or another and once
there was a column about religion, not about be-
ing a Methodist or anything like that, just gen-
erally about religion, I don't remember it but
maybe you do. Well, the editor of the magazine
being naturally interested in the topic, wrote
Jay to ask what provision for religious discussion
and training was made for students at the Uni-
versity. The letter which he received in reply
has, as I understand it, been returned to Univer-
sity authorities and has created something of a
In it Jay said that no provision for student
discussion of religious problems had been made
and that there was no recognized religious or-
ganization on campus. That, then, is Jay's mis-
take because such provision has been made-
migod it has.
For you others, who like Jay-and that puts
you in good company-have never heard of the
Student Religious Association, have never been
to coffee hour, or Saturday luncheon, or discus-
sion group, or work holiday, or meditation week-
end, I'm here to tell you that there is such a
place. If you're coming down the diag, you cross
over in front of the Arcade and walk two blocks
down State Street-it's not far, if you're in a
hurry-and there's Lane Hall. Just walk in, go
on in the lounge, sit down and have a cigarette,
or listen to whatever your choice is from the
record collection in the music room. Find Con-
nie Taber, she's president of the place, and tell
her your name, just tell her I sent you, that
you'd never heard of the place.
YOU don't have to be religious, that's not the
point at all, why even I, I hang around over
there and I haven't been able to believe in a
personal God since my maiden aunt fell on the
ice and broke her hip, but when people start
talking about abstract right or ethical war, I
talk just as loudly as Greg Heilman, and he's a
Methodist preacher's son. There's lots like me
too, people who like to talk, or sit around, and
be a member. I'm planning on becoming a pillar
And Jay old boy, if you're ever in town, drop
in at Lane Hall just so you'll know it's there,
there's some people over there that would like to
talk to you and there's people you like to meet.
Lots of them whose last names I don't know but
I say "hello" to them on campus. You'd like
Connie,her mother's a well-known writer and
she lives on a farm in Connecticut, and you'd
like Faulkner, he was a leader of the youth
movement in Turkey and is wanted by the Ges-
SUNDAY, JUNE 21, 1942
VOL. LU No. 6
All Notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
Summer Session before 3:30 p.m. of the
day preceding its publication except on
Saturday, when the notices should be
submitted before 11:30 a.m.
First Presbyterian courch: Morn-
ing Worship, 10:45 a.m. "God and
History," subject of the sermon by
Westminster Student Guild: Dis-
cussion at 7:15 p.m. led by Mr.
Lampe on "Obligations of the
Church to Society." All newcomers
are cordially invited. The slogan of
the group is "Only once a stranger"
Wesley Foundation: Supper and
fellowship hour at 6:00 p.m. Sun-
day. At the meeting at 6:45 Tom
Johnson, '43, and Inez Chamberlin,
'43, will speak on "What I Believe."
Bob Shugart will lead group discus-
sion following the talks. New stu-
dents especially invited. All stu-
Betty Rae Hileman,
Memorial Christian Church (Dis-
ciples): 10:45 a.m., Morning wor-
ship, Rev. Frederick Cowin, Min-
5:30 p.m., Students of the Disciples
Guild and their friends will meet at
the Guild House, 438 Maynard Street.
Tansportation will be provided to
the park by the Huron River for
games, a picnic supper and vesper
service. New students are invited.
First Church of Christ, Scientist,
409 S. Division St., Sunday morning
service at 10:30. Subject: "Is the
Universe, Including Man, Evolved by
Sunday School at 11:45.
Free public Reading Room at 106
E. Washington St., open every day
except Sundays and holidays, from
11:30 a.m. until 5 p.m., Saturdays
until 9 p.m.
Avukah, Student Zionist Organi-
zation, will hold a Communal Sup-
per at Hillel Foundation this Sun-
day night at 6:30. Reservations may
be made by calling Netta Siegel,
2-2868 or 3379. Following the sup-
per and clean-up a timely current
event will be discussed. 'The remain-
der of the evening will be devoted to
individual and group study. All are
Zion Lutheran Church: Church .
Worship Services will be held at
10:30 a.m. Sunday.
Trinity Lutheran Church worship
services will be held at 10:30 a.m.
on Sunday with the pastor, Rev.
Henry O. Yoder using as thertheme
of his sermon, "Living and Serving
The Lutheran Student Association
will meet at 5:30 Sunday evening
in Zion Lutheran Parish Hall, 309
E. Washington. Supper will be served
at 6:00. The speaker for this Sun-
day will be Vicar Clement Shoemak-
er of Zion Lutheran Church.
St. Andrew's Episcopal Church:
8:00 a.m. Holy Communion; 11:00
PROGRESSIVE character comes
close to describing what is going
on when one is "getting an educa-
tion" or hammering out knowledge
for . himself. Many disintegrating
factors play upon every student, loss
of a friend, misunderstanding in
homes, haste, ill health, a series of
errors, goals too remote or too vague,
prejudices within a group, the use
of liquor and other escapes, lack of
group status, fatigue and loss of
family support. All these tend to
harass the organization already at-
On the other hand, the movement
toward solidarity of the personality,
toward strong character and positive
unity of the self is brought about by
a combination of organic, intellec-
tual and emotional factors. A home-
grown conscience unoffended, an
ambition driving the person toward
definite aims, a skill by which one
can throw his entirebeing forth into
free participation, as well as some
not too remote organic need and a
daily program are all helpful.
BUT the greatest power to advance
a person in the direction of full
integration, and to keep him pro-
gressing consistently, is a high reli-
gion. When this love affair between
a man and God is achieved, every
one of these lesser aids are height-
ened. The entire adventure then be-
comes a rhythmical growing process.
Not only can this experience realize
the true, the good and the beautiful
within the self but the person who
gains the religious attitude to others
and to God's universe is thereby en-
abled to distill from the encircling
world of events, nature, persons, and
a.m. Kindergarten, Harris Hall; 11:00
a.m. Summer Church School: 11:00
a.m. Morning Prayer and Sermon
by the Rev. Frederick W. Leech;
7:30 p.m. Episcopal Student Guild,
Harris Hall. The Rev. Rollin J.
Fairbanks, rector of St. James'
Church, Grosse Ile, will speak
on "Personal Religion." Compline.
First Baptist Church, 512 East Hur-
on, C. H. Loucks, Minister. Services
for Sunday, June 21. 10:00, Chil-
dren's Departments of the Church
10:15, Adult Department of the
Church School. Mr. Loucks leads
the student class on "The World's
Living Religions" in the Guild House,
502 East Huron. The discussion this
week will be on "Hinduism."
11:00, The Church at Worship.
Sermon, "Life's Constants." Solo-
ist, Miss Carol Campbell.
7:00, Roger Williams Guild. Rev.
George Jerome, a recent graduate of
Union Theological Seminary, will
Church of Christ: The Church of
Christ will meet for Bible study
Sunday at 10:00 a.m. in the Y.M.C.A.
At the morning worship at 11:00 Mr.
Charles H. Coleman, of Detroit, will
preach on the subject: "Be Thou
A Blessing." For the evening serv-
ice at 8:00 his subject will be: "The
Church-the Family of God." Serv-
ices will be held each evening
throughout the week. The public is
College of Literature, Science and
the Arts, Schools of Education, For-
estry and Conservation, Music and
Public Health: Students, enrolled in
the Summer Term, who received
marks of I or X at the close of their
last term of attendance (viz., sem-
ester or summer session) will receive
a grade of E in the course unless this
work is made up by July 15. Stu-
dents wishing an extension of time
beyond this date should file a peti-
tion addressed to the appropriate of-
ficial in their school with Room 4
U.H., where i twill be transmitted.
Robert L. Williams
Recreational Swimming - Women
Students: There will be recreational
swimming for women at the Union
Pool every Tuesday and Thursday
evening from 8:30 to 9:30.
Dept. of Physical Education
The Storehouse Building will act
as a receiving center for scrap rub-
ber and also metals. Any depart-
ment on the Campus having metals
or rubber to dispose of for defense
purposes, please call Ext. 337 or 317
and the materials will be picked up
by the trucks which make regular
campus deliveries. Service of th
janitors is available to collect the
materials from the various rooms in
the buildings to be delivered to the
E. C. Pardon
Psychology 31: A new section, sec-
tion 4, will be given Monday and
Friday at 11 oclock in Room 3126
Graduate Outing2Club organization
meeting Sunday, 2:30 p.m., North-
west door of Rackham Building. It
is essential that those interested in
having organized outdoor activities
for graduate students continue
through the summer should attend.
Loss of old members makes it neces-
sary that summer members take over
the direction of the Club, otherwise
the Club facilities will not be avail-
able at all during the summer. A
picnic will follow the meeting; small
fee for supper. Ivor Cornman
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: Attendance re-
port cards are being distributed
through the departmental offices.
Instructors are requested to report
absences of freshmen on green cards,
directly to the Office of the Aca-
demic Counselors, 108 Mason Hall.
Buff cards should be used in report-
ing sophomores, juniors, and seniors
to 1220 Angell Hall.
Please note especially the regula-
tions concerning three-week ab-
sences, and the time limits for drop-
ping courses. The rules relating to
absences are printed on the attend-
ance cards. They may also be found
on page 52 of the 1941-42 Announce-
ment of our College.
E. A. Walter, Assistant Dean
Student Organizations which are
active during the Summer Term
should file.-list of officers with the
Dean of Students at once. That of-
fice now has mail for certain groups
which cannot be delivered for lack
of this information.
Certificate of Eligibility: At the
beginning of each semester and sum-
mer session every student shall be
conclusively presumed to be ineligi-
ble for any public activity until his
eligibility is affirmatively established
by obtaining from the Chairman of
the Committee on Student Affairs,
in the Office of the Dean of Stu-
dents, a Certificate of Eligibility.
Participation before the opening of
the first semester must be approved
as at any other time.
Chairmen and Managers of Piblic
Activities: Before permitting .any
students to participate in a public
activity, the chairman or manager of
such activity shall (a) require each
applicant to present a certificate of
eligibility, (b) sign his initials on the
back of such certificate and () file
with the Chairman of the Committee
on Student Affairs the names of all
those who have presented certifi-
cates of eligibility and a signed
statement to exclude all others from
participation. Blanks for the chair-
men's lists may be obtained in the
Office of the Dean of Students.
Candidates for the Master's De-
gree in English: The qualifying ex-
amination and examination in for-
eign language will be given on Mon-
day evening, June 29, for those en-
tering in the Summer Term as well
as those entering in the Summer'
Session. See Summer Session An-
nouncement for time and place.
N. E. Nelson
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Informa-
tion has received notice of the fol-
lowing Civil Service Examinations.
Last date for..filing applications is
rioted in each case:
Medical Attendant (Male); inuc-
tion salary, $1518 per year; June 25,
Student Public Health Nurse (Fe-
male); induction salary, $1584 per
year; applications will be accepted
until further notice.
General Staff Nurse-Relief-(Fe-
male); induction salary, $1848 per
year; applications will be accepted
until further notice.
Communicable Disease Nurse (Fe-'
male) ; induction salary, $1980 per
year; applications will be accepted
until further notice.
Junior Appraiser (Male); induc-
tion salary, $2046 per year; July 7,
Students, Summer Term, College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts:
Election cards filed after the end of
the first week of the semester may
GRIN AND BEARI
IT By Lichty
"Where have you been all night?-and don't give me that
Shangri-La alibi again, either!"