Local Union Has No
Right To Strike .
VOL. LII No. 48-8 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN FRIDAY, AUGUST 21, 1942
SolomonIslands aptured BU. . T
2 15 AM. FriAL
Thrust At Dieppe
Will Force Nazis
To Divert Power
* .. *
* * *
Observers Claim Germans
Must Shift Air Forces
From Russian Front
Allies Bring Down
275 Enemy Craft
By DREW MIDDLETON
Associated Press War Correspondent"
A SOUTHERN BRITISH PORT,
Aug. 20 - The smashing Allied tri-
umph over the German Air Force
over Dieppe in which 275 enemy craft
were destroyed or damaged will force
the Nazis to divert bombers and
fighters .from the Russian front to
Western Europe, qualified observers
These observers, who must remain
anonymous, declared the German
losses consisted of 91 planes certain-
ly destroyed, 38 probably shot down
and 140 damaged.
RAF Strength Mounts
The mounting strength of the RAF
and the United States Army Air
Cerps plus the new assurance--won
at Dieppe by Canadians, British
Commandos and U. S. Rangers-
make it imperative for the Germans
to 'strengthen the Western air fron-
tier, it said.
No second front can be opened cn
the continent without a mass of
troops experienced in operations sim-
ilar to Dieppe, these observers said.
Analyzing the Allied moves in the
Dieppe raid, it was clear that the
British and Canadians made the
greatest progress on the left flank
where they destroyed a six-inch bat-
Allied Force Checked
After a partial success the Allied
force was checked in the center while
on the right remnants of the original
landing party were partly able oy
skill and ingenuity to put another
six-inch battery out of action.
Nevertheless, the German coastal
defenses showed the enemy has the
wind up, and valuable experience and
information were gained by the Al-
lies in the center, where the blow was
aimed at th heart of Dieppe.
'Ihe Germans stiffened that posi-
tion with fresh troops and new ma-
terial. Nevertheless, the Allies made
considerable gains against this strong
The Commandos and Canadians
were attacked with impetuosity sel-
dom seen in this war and were able
to carry all local objectives before
Allies Have Il Luck
The Allies ran into ill luck on the
right flank. Landing craft speeding
toward the shore ran into a Ger-
man convoy, a sure sign that the
enemy expected no attack in the
region of Dieppe.
Larry Meier, International News
Service correspondent representing
the Association of American Corres-
pondents in London, who was with
the raiders meeting the convoy of
tankers, said it at first appeared to be
a German trap.
A furious battle ensued in which
two of four Nazi anti-aircraft ships
were sunk, Meier reported.
Gram, Laidlaw Each Win
Double Awards; $475
Given In Four Fields
Seven University of Michigan stu-
dents received awards yesterday to-
taling $475 in the annual Summer
Twenty-six manuscripts were sub-
mitted in the fields of drama, essay,
fiction and poetry.
Clara Laidlaw, Gladstone, Mich-
igan, and William Parker Gram, Ann
Arbor, are recipients of the largest
prizes. Laidlaw, first place winner in
fiction last summer, again received
$75 for her "Short Stories" and $50
for her essay "A Critique of Blake's
'Tyger'." Gram took a $50 prize for
his "One Act Plays" and $25 for his
poetry "Early Statement."
An award of $75 was also made to
Mrs. Margaret Avery Dewey, Ann Ar-
bor, received $75 for her essay "A
Teacher's Middletown." Mrs. Betty
Baskin Berris, also of Ann Arbor, was
awarded $50 for her "Short Stories."
In the poetry division Beth Merizon,
Grand Rapids, took a $50 prize with
her manuscript "The Skater and
Other Poems." Leona E. Thoma, To-
ledo, Ohio, won $25 for her collection
of poetry "Falcon Freed."
Judges for the contest, selected
from the faculty, were: Drama: Prof.
Karl Litzenberg, Prof. Albert Marck-
wardt, Mr. John Weimer.
Essay: Prof. Norman Nelson, Dr.
Henry V. Ogden, Dr. Herbert Wei-
Fiction: Dr. Charles Peake, Dr.
Turn to Page 4, Col. 4
Tough 'Little Tiger'
Leads Rout Of Japs
By Chinese Troops
CHUNGKING, CHINA, Aug. 21
(Friday)--(P')-Chinese fighting men
commanded by "Little Tiger" Gen.
Hsueh Ueyh, hero of Changsha, have
captured Kweiki and Shangjao to
wrest from Japanese control a 60-
mile stretch of the eastern Kiangsi
Railroad, dispatches said today.'
This development; combined with
the recapture of Wenchow port in
southeastern Chekiang Province,
marks a definite turn in the battle
of Eastern China which began 13
weeks ago, Chinese quarters said. The
Japanese primary objective had been
to remove the menace of air bases
within range of Tokyo.
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United States forces, regaining the first segment s of land from the Japanese, are engaged in mopping-
up activities in the Tulagi-4uadalcanal area, indicated by arrow 1. Further thrusts from Australia toward
Lae and Salamana on New Guinea, Gasmata and Raba ul on New Britai in the direction of 2, and up the
chain of the Solomon Islands from the newly-recaptu red harbors to cut the supply lines from Japan, may
C R EE Ke e
DEFNS0. A e lne i rnc nD hh ad
Ja panese Forces
By RICHARD L. TURNER
Associated Press staff Writer
WASHINGTON, Aug. 20.-The winning American thrust at the Solo-
mon Islands today reached the advanced stage of mopping up remnants
of Japanese forces apparently left stranded there when enemy warships
were destroyed or forced to withdraw.
The Navy said that while the United States Marines were busy with
this task, Japanese aircraft, destroyers and submarines engaged in a casual
bombardment of the newly won shore positions. They inflicted only minor
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Aug. 20.--In the great-
est daylight aerial offensive of the
war, 500 Allied fighter planes raided
the invasion coast of France today
with a four-way sweep while United
States Flying Fortresses bombed the
Amiens railway yards.
Previously the Allies have limited
Announces Loss Of Sixth
Ship To Axis U-Boats
RIO DE JANEIRO, Aug. 20 -(;)-~
German nationals aboard two repa-
triation ships were seized today in
the harbor as hostages for interned
Brazilians in Occupied France as
Brazil announced the loss of her
sixth ship to Axis torpedoes in the
new outburst of U-Boat raids and
Allied counter-action in the South
Tonight President Getulio Vargas
announced that henceforth Brazilian
merchantmen moving through the
usual sea lanes would be convoyed by
the Navy and Air Force "in coopera-
tion with the U. S. Navy and Air
The hostage order excepted only
those with diplomatic status among
the Germans awaiting repatriation
via Lisbon on the exchange ships
Bage and Cuiaba. The two ships had
been scheduled to sail early this
week but were held in port when
the submarine crisis flared up.
The sixth announced victim of re-
cent submarine attacks was the small
coaster, Jacy, sunk yesterday off Port
Itacare in the northeastern state of
the number of planes in a similar
daytime operation to about 300.
The widespread attack, too, was a
continuation of the daytime use of
the huge American four-motored
bombers, a recent innovation.
The fact that not a single plane
was reported lost and only slight
fighter opposition was encountered
was regarded by the British as a
further indication of the severe
mauling the Nazi Air Force took in
the air battles over Dieppe.
In fact, some quarters in London
believed the German losses yesterday
included at least one-third of the
Nazi fighter strength in the western
occupied zone of Europe.
The operations extended from Le
Havre up the French coast to Furnes,
The British declared direct hits
were scored on numerous targets at-
tacked by the raiders.
The intensity of the raiding was
disclosed by the story of the Belgian
pilot of an RAF Spitfire plane.
"I saw 15 bursts on the target and
French Say Allies
Haue New Weapon
VICHY, Unoccupied France, Aug.
20.- -()--Hand-to-hand fighting in
the streets of Dieppe while the most
modern weapons of war poured
shells into the historic city was de-
scribed today in French accounts
telephoned to this capital from the
scene of the commando coastal raid.
Chief of State Petain himself was
given a report on the raid by Krug
Von Nidda, German Consul General
in Vichy, who called on the Marshal
Underlining Berlin's report, the
French officially hailed the "com-
plete failure" of the landing and re-
ported 25 French civilian dead.
most of the hits were on yards and
locomotive depots," he said. "Great
mushrooms of gray smoke went up
after the bombs were dropped."
One German Focke-Wulf 190 plane
was shot into the sea and others were
All Allied planes returned safely.
U.S. Army Air Force fighters and
bombers struck the railway at Amiens
and made sweeps with the RAF and
other Allied fliers in a swift follow-up
to the "delightful show" over Dieppe
which cost them five casualties
against three probable victories.
Hits Parts Plant
Closed Shop Is Demanded
By CIO Workers
Work was stopped completely at
the Precision Parts Co. at noon yes-
terday when almost all of the day
shift went on a wildcat strike be-
cause of company refusal to grant a
CIO closed shop and check-off.
B. H. Warner, part owner of the
company, said that the issue involved
was not recognition of the UAW-CIO
as bargaining agent for the em-
ployes, but certain details of the con-
tract such as the closed shop.
"I believe in the right of laborers
to join any organization they wish
to," he said, "but I also believe that
men have a right to work even if
they do not choose to belong to any
Almost all of the workers-the CIO
claims a 98 percent enrollment-were
out of the plant by 2 p. m. and none
of the machines, previously working
on war material, were running.
The matter of a closed shop and
also the question of a 20 percent in-
crease in wages have already been
submitted to the WLB, but workers
are demanding that the closed shop
be granted immediately.
N. Y. Nominee
Mead Bested By Farley's
Candidate In Crucial
NEW YORK, Aug. 20 -(RP)-State
Attorney General John J. Bennett,
Jr., was unanimously nominated De-
mocratic candidate for Governor of
New York today-against the wish of
President Roosevelt-to give James
A. Farley one of the outstanding vic-
tories of his political career.
Nomination of Bennett over Uni-
ted States Senator James M. Mead,
who carried Presidential approval,
came on the first ballot at the Demo-
cratic state convention in Brook-
lyn. The official vote, later made
unanimous, was Bennett, 623; Mead,
393, with 509 votes required for nom-
The convention, after making
Bennett the gubernatorial nominee,
adjourned until tonight when other
places on the state ticket were to
be filled. Candidates for Lieut. Gov-
ernor, Attorney General, state comp-
troiler, and two representatives at
large were to be nominated.
State Chairman Farley, who man-
aged two of Roosevelt's three Presi-
dential campaigns, steered Bennett's
candidacy for the nomination
through a long and bitter struggle
for delegates climaxed this afternoon
in the party's first convention floor
fight in nearly a quarter century.
The result was viewed generally in
political circles as making Farley the
decisive power in the party's state
organization. Some observers believed
it also decided control of New York's
powerful delegation to the nationa
democratic convention in 1944, al
though Roosevelt has been reported
to feel no such issue was involved.
In Don Battle
By The Associated Press
MOSCOW, Aug. 21 (Friday).-Th
Red Army defending Stalingrad wa
reported officially early today t
have wiped out a German forc
which had crossed the Don Rive
while other Sovaiet units fought of
constant German attacks inside th
Don bend itself southeast of Klet
In the Southern and Western Cau
casus the Soviets acknowledged sligh
German gains against Russian de
fensive forces fighting east of Pyati
gorsk in therCaucasian foothills an
south of Krasnodar on the railwa
leading to the Black Sea port o
Battle dispatches from four north
ern sectors, however, said the Re
Army was holding the initiative i
increasingly hard fighting. Thes
were the -Bryansk sector, 210 mile
southwest of Moscow, the Vyazm
salient, 130 miles west of Mosco
the Kalinin-Rzhev sector, northwe
of the capital, and the Lake Ilme
front, south of Leningrad.
In the area southeast of Kletskay
within the Don bend some 75 mil
above Stalingrad, the Germans trie
a large-scale tank assault with auto
matic gunners riding on the outsid
edamage, but a Japanese destroyer or
cruiser was bombed and set afire by
Thus, the Navy's first communique
in three days on the offensive in the
Solomons brought word that it was
continuing with uninterrupted suo-
cess. It also brought evidence corro-
borating the general assumption
that the Marines have installed
themselves in positions. from which
they will not easily be dislodged.
The Navy gave no details of the
fighting, but observers piecing toge-
ther today's news and that contained
in previous communiques endeavored
to reconstruct the general course of
Jap Shipping Attacked
They recalled that previous Navy
announcements told of attacks on
Japanese shipping in the harbors of
the Solomons, and a night battle
between American and Japanese na-
val units, in which the latter were
forced to retreat. Meanwhile, the Ma-
rines made their landings.
The destruction or disabling of
ships in the harbor and the defeat of
the Japanese flotillas at sea obvi-
ously left the Japanese troops on the
islands cut off. Many of them were
killed in action, the Navy had report-
ed, and many prisoners were taken.
Presumably, the rest sought refu-
ge in the jungle clad hills which in
many places rise steeply just inside
the shore line. In the jungles it would
be possible for them to wage a snip-
ing sort of nuisance warfare at the
Jungle Land Cleared
The mopping-up operations which
the Navy cited today were generally
taken to mean that the American
forces were engaged in clearing the
tangled jungle land of such enemy
In any event, the use of the phrase
r "mopping up," showed the Americans
in clear and continied command of
the situation ashore.
A special treat awaits students en-
rolled in the University's summer se-
mester, and all because Michigan's
1942 football team will open itssche-
dule this fall before the regular au-
tumn semester begins.
The Wolverines play their first
game Sept. 26 against the powerful
Great Lakes Naval Training Station
e eleven here. This also is the closing
s date for the summer semester.
0 As a result, those here for the full
e term now will be admitted to the
r Great Lakes game without charge,
Ticket Manager Harry Tillctson an-
e nounced yesterday. He outlined the
procedure to be followed in obtain-
ing tickets with this statement:
t "Students enrolled in the summer
semester may exchange their trea-
- surer's receipt for a ticket to the
,d Michigan-Great Lakes game here
y Sept. 26 at the Ferry Field ticket of-
f fice any time after September 22.
Absolutely no tickets will be granted,
- however, until the treasurer's receipt
d is turned in."
n Those who are not here this sum-
e merbut who later will enroll for the
s fall semester may obtain tickets to
ia the Great Lakes game also through
w,a spec alprocedure.
st Students stating thtt they intend
n to enroll in the fall semester will be
required to deposit $27 for a ticket.
a, This amow l will be refanded upon
es presenting a coupon which they wiP
d receive wh.n paying their fees for
- the fall sem -ter.
Mc-tyre To Play For Al-Camp us
Dance, Today In In traim ural Bu ilding
Deans Move Back
Contrary to the announcement in
the final examination schedule, there
will not be a final examination from
2 p. m. to-4 p. m. Saturday, Sept. 26,
the afternoon of the Michigan-Great
Lakes football game.
When Assistant Dean Erich A.
Walter found that there was such a
conflict, he went into a huddle with
Dean Edward H. Kraus and Prof.
Daniel L. Rich to consider the situa-
tion. Realizing that writing a final
would be difficult with cheers from
the stadium echoing in students'
---- -1- --" nrrno- a f fh -
By BARBARA DeFRIES
Hal McIntyre and his 22 piece
band who will arrive in Ann Arbor
this afternoon by bus, will be on a
flag bedecked bandstand from 9 p. m.
to 1 a. m. tonight in the Sports
Building to play for the all-campus,
all-city Summer Prom, the first "big"
dance to be offered on a Michigan
Any tickets remaining when the
Sports Building opens tonight will
be placed on sale at the door and may
be purchased by anyone up to the
time of intermission when the sales
will be officially closed, Don West,
general chairman, announced. He
added that there is still a limited
number available at the League and
Sharing the spotlight with McIn-
tyre, the band that tied with Claude
Thornhill in a recent Billboard col-
legiate poll, will be the Four Lyttle
Sisters, feminine quartet. Featured
tune of the evening, according to
an all-campus poll of popular favo-
rites, will be "Kalamazoo" in num-
ber one position and "Stage Door
Canteen" and "Jingle, Jangle, Jingle"
in a solid second and third place.
With general chairman Don Westj
will be Margaret Dodge, and with
Elsie Litman, Russia WarBRelief r -
presentative, Ed Ormond. Buck Daw -
son, Alpha Phi Omega, will attend
with Suzanne Springer; Dick Raw-
don, IFC, with Pat Bennett;' Sue
Simms, League, with Dave Keller,
Downs Two Planes
In Die ppe Warfare
Sergeant Moss Fletcher, a former
University of Michigan student, took
part in yesterday's commando raid
on the coast of France, The Daily
was informed yesterday.
This campus commando from Ter-
race, Ill., shot down a Focke-Wulf
190 and damaged an ME 109 while
flying an RCAF Spitfire in the de-
vastating Deppe attack.
"He left school in Feb. 1941, at
the end of the first semester of his
freshman year," said his brother-in-
law. Dr. James Griffin, assistant cu-
U..., I I