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August 15, 1942 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1942-08-15

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I N.7AM 11 " & A UA


- -_




Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan upder the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
The Summer Daily is published every morning except
Monday and Tuesday.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights-
of republication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during.the regular school year by car-
rier $4.00, by mail $5.00.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
420 MADIsoN AvE. NEW YORK. N. Y.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1941-42
Editorial Staff

WASHINGTON-Shortly after the war broie
out, British shipping suffered terrific casualties
from Nazi submarines. Ships were sunk with
sickening rapidity. But today the submarine
menace in British waters is licked. Not a sub
dares stick its nose anywhere near British shores.
The British also have developed a bureau of
submarine warfare which is one of the most
efficient branches of the war, effort. It has used
hundreds of small civilian yachts, fishing boats,
airplanes-every possible weapon working a-
gainst the U-Boat.
In view of British success, many people have
been critical of the U. S. Navy for not being more,
effective against the submarine.
Doubtless some of that criticism is justified.
On the other hand, the U. S. Navy faces a far
tougher problem than the British. In the first
place, the British Isles are small. The area in-
volved is not much greater than the waters im-
mediately adjacent to New England and the
Middle Atlantic states. In contrast, our sub-
marine combat zone extends all the way to
northern South America, including the islands of
the Gulf and the Caribbean.
It has been urged that these small civilian
boats might patrol the Atlantic Coast, looking
for submarines. However, it is almost impossible

to sight a submarine any more because they
don't keep their periscopes up.
The modern Nazi submarine is far different
from the lumbering U-boat of the Kaiser's day.
Almost never does its periscope appear above
water, not because it is easily seen--it isn't-but
because it causes a wake which can be seen.
Therefore a good submarine commander can
lift his periscope for only six seconds and in that
brief moment, take aim. Or in many cases he can
fire without raising his periscope at all. His own
listening devices tell him accurately where the
target is.
Elimination of storagf batteries also permits
a sub to dive at a much steeper angle. For in the
old days the water in the batteries tilted and ex-
posed the plates if the ship dived too sharply.
Storage batteries have been eliminated as the
result of a new Nazi invention which takes care
of the exhaust under water. In the old type of
submarine, storage batteries were used for un-
der-water propulsion because the engine exhaust
would foul the air.
There is one other argument for the use of
small civilian vessels for patrol work, namely,
that they could use sonic or listening devices.
However, the Navy does not have enough of these
instruments to spare. Those that it has are need-
ed in destroyers or for regular escort vessels.


net Swande . . . . . Managing Ed
i Sapp . . City.d.-
ke Dann . . . . . Sports Ed-
Hale Champion, John Erlewine, Robert Mantho,
Irving Jaffe. Robert Preiskel
Business Staff


Edward Perlberg
Fred M. Ginsberg,
Morton Hunter

. . Business Manager
. Associate Business Manager
. Publications Manager

The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Chamber Of Commerce
Complains About Taxes ...
THE U. S. CHAMBER of Commerce is
at the wailing wall again.
It has been pleading with the Senate Finance
Committee to modify drastically the plan for
normal and excess-profits taxes on corporations
and also the proposed income tax rates with
graduated increases in proportion to ability to
The Chamber requested a series of exemptions
from the excess-profits tax that would detract
drastically from revenues. It asked also that 35
per cent of the increases in the income tax scale
be eliminated.
To make up for, the deficit which would be
caused by such alterations in thewproposed taxes.
the Chamber of Commerce representative, Ells-
worth C. Alvord, proposed a general sales tax
of 10 per cent and a 3 percent withholding tax
on all wages, interest and dividends.
would have the effect of dealing a sharp blow
at the poor while takirg away a large share of
the restrictions on big business' profits.
But these proposals' gloomy implica-
tiens for the poor was a subject judi-
clously avoided by the Chamber's repre-
sentatives. Instead, they listed a number of
reasons why the incomes of the wealthy
shuld be treated with kid gloves. These
reasons Included the financial needs of the
wealthy for living expenses, payment of
debts, education of their children and do-
nations to charity.
A more ridiculous argument would be hard
to 1iigine. So our big-business men are at
the doorstep of the poor-house and are cer-
tain to be pushed right through the door if.
the proposed excess-profits and graduated
income tax are passed? This is really very
interesting, gentlemen of the Chamber of
AND WHAT ABOUT that general-sales tax and
withholding tax which the Chamber is so
blandly trying to pass off on the Finance Com-
mittee? The poor are always the hardest-hit by
such sales taxes as that proposed by the Cham-
ber, since so large a portion of their earnings is
taken away in their purchase of the necessities
of life. And the proposed withholding tax on
wages would carry no personal exemptions to
cover the necessary living expenses of the poor.
It cannot be denied. then, that both of the
Chamber's substitute proposals would have by
far their greatest effect on the people who can
least afford a further strain on their pocket-
Hasn't enough been done by too many
people already in the way f taking advan-
tago of the war effort without the Chamber
making such clearly unjustified requests as
these? We fervently hope the Senate Fin-
ance Committee doesn't tread the road of
seme of its fellow Congressional commit-
tees which have bowed obsequiously to the
sceptre of pressure.
It would be well for all critics of labor's tactics
in the war effert to examine these pleas of the
Chamber of Commerce and then to look at the
complete record of both business and labor since
the start of the war. Such a perusal would prove
highly revealing and should lead to some inter-
esting conclusions.
Irving Jaffe

Even Hollywood publicity men would have to soldiers who are still defending their great city.
pore intently through their dictionaries to find The entire incident was cleverly woven about
adjectives highly complimentary enough for the the appearance of a tiny bird; a finch, on the
Soviet film, "This Is the. Enemy." front line of battle. At the beginning of the scene
"This Is the Enemy" is a movie of intense, pro- the bird took flight, signifying the coming of
foufid hatred-the Russians' hatred for the Nazi the-Nazis. When the all clear sounded, the bird
invading hordes. It is that feeling, a feeling that returned to troops hiding place to give neat con-
permeates Russia, that unifies the movie, for it tinuity to the incident.
is but a series of six marvelously performed inci- "A Drop of Milk" was the title of the first
dents of the heroic fight. scene which unfearingly illustratedthe brutal-
No beautiful color shots of shiny airplanes fly- ity of the Nazis' conquest of Poland. It was stark-
ing against an azure sky give this movie its ef- ly pointed. The third incident, "Three in a
fectiveness. Its characters are no handsome Trench," showed the treachery of the Natzis by
glamor boys and its heroines wear no shiny sat- a picture of a wounded German about to shoot a
ins. The scenes are of smoke and destruction, of wounded Russian. Both were being aided in their
the peasant and the. worker turned soldier. hurts by a heroic nurse. The fourth incident--
The most powerful of the six incidents is the "Saboteur"-showed brave behavior by a Soviet
last, entitled "One Hundred for One." It shows woman and her grandson in capturing a Nazi
a village in Nazi hands and the brutal fascist spy who had tried to gain their confidence.
soldiers strutting, leering in the streefs. And it A humorous, clever climax was added in a
tells of the murder of two of them and the conse- scene of a very peaceful telegraph office. Push-
quept rebellion of two hundred Soviet citizens as ing through the lines of civilians, Napoleon ap-
they were digging their own graves. Those Rus- peared and duly paid for a telegram. He warned
sians-no soldiers they-showed wonderful joy Hitler to take heed of his own defeat.
at smashing the heads of the hateful German It all adds up to a terrific set of reasons for
soldiers. They fought for their homes as people Americans to hate their enemy with the depth
should, fight. that enabled the Soviets to sacrifice their lives;.
The second of the six incidenits-"Air Raid"- to burn their cities and to hold the invaders back.
showed unquestionably real shots of Leningrad This is propganda artfully done and convinc-
as the dreaded warning sirens blew. Then the ingly performed.
camera turned toward the trenches, showed the Leon Gordenker
Letters To The Editor

VOL. LH No. 44-S
All Notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
Summer Session before 3:30 p.m. of the
day preceding its publication except on
Saturday, when the notices should be
submitted before 11:30 a.m.
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments has received notice of the fol-
lowing City of Detroit Civil Service
Examinations. The examination and
filing date is given in each case:
Student Public Health Nurse; fe-
male; September 1. 1942; applica-
tions accepted until further notice.
General Staff Nurse, Relief; Fe-
male; September 1, 1942; applica-
tions accepted until further notice,
Motorman; male; August 21, 1942;
until further notice.
Communicable Disease Nurse; fe-
male; September 1, 1942; until fur-
ther notice.
Intermediate Typist; male; Sep-
tember 3, 1942: August 27. 1942.
Further information may be had
from the notices which are on file in
the office of the Bureau of Appoint-
ments, 201 Mason Hall, office hours
9-12 and 2-4.
Bureau of Appointments and
Occupational Information
Consumer Education Exhibit may
be seen daily at the Michigan League.
Hours-I1 a.m. to 8 p.m.
Academic Notices
Students and Faculty, Summer
Session; College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: The attention of
students and faculty is called to the
following regulation of the College:
It should be noted that a report of
X (absent from examination) does
not guarantee a make-up examina
tion. An instructor must, in fairness
to those who take the final exami-
nation at the time announced for it,
give make-up examinations only to
students who have a legitimate rea-
son for absence.
Faculty, Summer Session, College
of Literature, Science and the Arts:
It is requested by the Administrative
Board that all instructors who make
reports of Incomplete or Absent from
Examination on grode-report-sheets
give also information showing the
character of the part of the work
which has been completed. This may
be done by use of the symbols, I(A),
X(D), etc.
1. Students enrolled in the eight
weeks summer session and having in
their possession books drawn from
the University, are notified that such
books are due Wednesday, August 19.
2. The names of all students en-
rolled in the eight weeks summer ses-
sion who have not cleared their rec-
ords at the Library by Friday, August
21, will be sent to the Recorder's Of-'
fice where their semester's credits
will be ield up until such time as said
records are cleared, in compliance
with the regulations of the Regents.
Doctoral Examination fdr Howard
T. Batchelder; field: Education;
thesis: "An Analysis of Student
Teachers' Difficulties in Directed
Teaching," will be held on Tuesday,
August '18. in East Council Room,
Rackham, at 2:00 p.m. Chairman,
R. Schorling.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doc-
toral candidates to attend the exam-
ination and he may grant permission

to those who for sufficient reason
might wish to be present.
Doctoral Examination for Este-
fania Aldaba; field: Psychology;
thesis: "A Study of the Resemblance
of Siblings in Various Tests of Func-
tional Efficiency," will be held on
Monday, August 17, in 2129 Natural
Science, af 3:00 p.m. Chairman, C.
H. Griffitts.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doc-
toral candidates to attend the exam-
ination and he may grant permis-
sion to those who for sufficient rea-
son might wish to be present.
Doctoral Examination for Lyman
Beecher Brooks; field: Education;
thesis: "A Socio-Economic and Edu-
cational Study of Negro High-School'
and Junior-College Training," will
be held on Monday, August 17, in
East Council Room, Rackham, at
2:00 p.m. Chairman, F. D. Curtis.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doc-
toral candidates to attend the exam-
ination and he may grant permission
to those who for sufficient reason
might wish to be present.
Doctoral Examination for Irwin
August Berg; field: Psychology; the-
sis: "Development in Behavior: the
Micturiton Pattern in the Dog," will
be held on Monday, August 17, in
2129 Natural Science, at 3:00 p.m.
Chairman, J. F. Shepard.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doc-

cal Study of Beaumont and Fletch-
er's The Maid's Tragedy," will be
held on Tuesday, August 18, in 2213
Angell Hall, at 3:30 p.m. Chairman.
H. T. Price.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doc-
toral candidates to attend the exam-
ination and he may grant permission
to those who for sufficient reason
might wish to be present.,
Events Today
Henry Wenzel, violinist, will pre-
sent a recital in partial fulfillment
of therequirements for the degree
of Master of Music at 8:30 p.m.
tonight in the Assembly Hall
of the Rackham Building. Mr.
Wenzel is head of the string and
wind instruments department at
Mary Hardin-Baylor College, Belton,
Tex., and a student under Professor
Wassily Besekirsky. His program, in-
cluding compositions by Bruch, de
Falla and Franck, will be open to
the public.
Methodist Students: The work hol-
iday scheduled for this afternoon has
been postponed.
H1. M S. Pinafore, conic opera by
Gilbert and Sullivan, will be given
tonight at the Mendelssohn Theatre,
with an additional performance on
Monday, August 17th. This produc-
tion will be staged by the Michigan
Repertory Players of the Department
of Speech in conjunction with the
School of Music and the University
Symphony Orchestra.. Tickets are on
sale daily from 10:00 a.m. to 8:30
p.m. at the theatre box office.
Dancing tonight at the Michigan
League from 9:12 p.m. Come with
or without a partner.
Coming Events
Choral Vespers on Sunday evening,
August 16. The Summer Session
Choir of 100 voices, directed by Pro-
fessor Maynard Klein, with Blair
McClosky, Arthur Hackett, Mary
Craigmiles, Delta Dean Doran, Marg-
aret Martin and Betty Mason as
soloists. Palmer Christian at the
great organ. The Vespers will take
place at 8:30 p.m. at Hill Auditorium.
Edward W. BLakeman,
Counselor in Religious Education
The Inter-Racial Association will
have a picnic at the Saline Valley
Farms Sunday afternoon, August
16th. All members and those inter-
ested in the Association are cordially
invited to attend. We will leave f;om
the steps of the Rackham Building
at 4:00 p. m. Iced drinks will be sold
at the Farms and ice cream will be
provided without charge. There are
facilities for cooking. A small charge
will be made to cover transportation
costs. Reservations shouldbe made
by Friday at the main desk of the
Union, the Social Director's Office
of the League, or the Bulletin Boards
of the Main Library, Lane Hall, and
International Center.
Choral Vespers on Sunday evening,
August 16. The Summer Session
Choir of 100 voices directed by Pro-
fessor Maynard Klein with Blair
McClosky, Arthur Hckett, Mary
Craigmiles, Delta Dean Doran, Mar-
garet Martin, and Betty Mason as
soloists. Palmer Christian at the
great organ. The Vespers will take
place at 8:30 p. m. at Hill Auditor-
Members of the -Graduate Outing
Club will go to Clear Lake county
park west of Chelsea Sunday for
swimming, boating, and hamburgers.
Cost is 40c. Meet at the northwest
door of the Rackham Building at
2:30 p. m. Those who have cars
please leave name at Rackham lobby
desk by Saturday noon.


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"Wilbur's morale has been high right from the start-never once have
I heard him plan anything but offensive operations!"

The "Midwest Avukah Camp will be,
held at Chelsea. Mich., from the 28th
of August to Labor Day. The U. of
M. chapter will attend on the week-
ends. Discussions, lectures. sports,
and social activities will comprise
the program. Further information
may be obtained from William Schu-
mer at 7945.
Pauline Slonecker, a student of pi-
ano under Professor Brinkman, has
planned a program of Mozart, Be-
thoven, Debussy and Brahms for her
recital in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the degree of Mas-
ter of Music. It will be given at 4:15
p. in. Monday, August 17 in the
Rackham Assembly Hall. The public
is invited.
Student Recital; Mary Jane Mor-
ris, pianist, will give her recital in
partial fulfillment of the requie-
ments for the degree of Master of
Music at 8:30 p. m. Monday, August
17, in the Rackham Assembly Hal.
The program will include works by
Brahms, Mendelssohn, Beethoven
and Chopin, and is open to the gen-
eral public.
Polonia Society. We will meet with
'Mr. Ostafin this Monday. All mem-
bers will gather at the International
Center at 8 o'clock.
Michigan Dames. Bridge Mon-'
day eveing, August 17,Bat Michigan
League, from 8 until 10:30.
All School of Music graduate stu
dents are asked to attend an assem-
bly to be held at 7:30 p.m., Monday,
August 17, in the Rackhamn Amphi-
Earl V. Moore
Secondary School Theatre: "Time
for Romance", a three-act comedy by
Alice Gerstenberg, will be presented
by the Secondary School Theatre of
the Department of Speech at 8:30
p. T1. Wednesday in the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre. Admission will be
free. As only a limited number of
seats will be available, patrons in-
terested in this production are urged
to come early. The doors will be
closed as soon as the theatre is full.
Doors open at 8 p. m.
Choir Concert: The University of
Michigan Summer Session Choir,
Maynard Klein, director, will pre-
sent a special concert at 8:30 p. m.
Wednesday, August 19, in Hill Audi-
torium. Mr. Klein has arranged A
program including four first per-
formances on the campus, and fea-
turing the works of Palestrina,
Thomas Morley, Brahms, Deliu, R.
Vaughan Williams and Randall
Thompson, in addition to a composi-
tion by Blair McClosky, guest in-
structor of the School of Music. The.
public is invited.
Professor Hanns Pick of the School
of Music has arranged a program
to be given by members of his chain-
beif music class at 4:15 p.m. Wednes-
day, August 19, in the Assembly Hall
of the Rackham Building. The pro-
gram will include compositions by
Bach, Mozart. Beethoven, Schubert,
Bruckner, Schelling and Milhaud,
and will be open to the general
The Angell Hall Observatory will
be open for visitors on Thursday,
August 20, from 9 to 11 p.m. for ob-
servation of THE MOON. The pub-
lic is invited. Children must be ac-
companied by adults.
Lec ures
Biological Chemistry Lecture:
Doctor H. B. Lewis will discuss
"Trends in Vitamin Research. The
Problem of Fortification and En-
richment of Foods", in the Amphi-
theatre of the Rackham Building at
1:30 p.m. on Saturday, August 15.
All interested are invited.
Cooperation between the Teaching
Profession and Lay Groups, by J. B.
Edmonson, Dean of the School of

Send Food To Europe
To the Editor:
T IS ENCOURAGING to believe that
Mr. Raymond's recent letter is typi-
cal of the attitude of most Americans toward
the problem of sending food to Europe. Encour-
aging because he so heartily endorses the ob-
jective; because he recognizes that talk about
Four Freedoms must sound insulting when it
comes from great powers who are inflicting star-
valtion by means of a naval blockade. Encourag-
ing because Mr. Raymond is in doubt only about
the channels of distribution which will guaran-
tee that such food will not get into Nazi hands.
Let us be clear about the facts.
(1) The present Allied blockade of Europe does
not permit the importation of food, and there-
fore the United Nations are held responsible by
Europeans for blockading their continent and
for their unhappy plight. The relevance for
"new order" propaganda is obvious!
(2) In the last war, Herbert Hoover's Com-
mission for Relief in Belgium distributed 5,000,-
000 tons of food worth $815,060,000 to the pros-
trate Belgians. The objection that this food
would get into German hands was also raised
then, but at the end of the war Germans were at
the point of starvation and Belgians were on the
whole well-fed. After the war, the British and
French governments were loud in their praise for
this work!
(3) On August 11, 1941, Mr. Hoover appealed
for the right again to distribute food. Since then,
the need has become infinitely more acute and
how such a plan would fit into this total war of
ideas has been clarified. His plan was again to
exact agreements from the British to allow food
ships to dock, from the Germans not to take any
food from the occupied countries, from both gov-
ernments to allow his own staff to handle all
feed and operate the soup kitchens.
silly to send food to Europe and not to insist
that one's own representatives distribute it. Both
the International Red Cross and the Quakers
have enviable records of distributing food under

children's lives are at stake, it is dangerous
merely to assume they would act in bad faith
without trying to find out!
Please note the all-important significance
of this plan: now starving people are bitter
against the Anglo-American blockade. If
it is partially lifted as herein proposed, and
even if the Axis refused to respect their part
of the agreement, the bitterness would be
transferred to them; grateful respect would
be felt toward the United Nations for a sin-
cere effort to help!
A food blockade hits the weakest and most
innocent of the population and leads to
warped and hateful personalities. That it is
an outmoded "sitzkrieg" weapon for our side
is indicated by Germany's full cooperation
with the blockade to keep those who dared
opposed Hitler starving!
ANO4HER ASPECT of the proposal deserves
mention. The New Statesman and Nation re-
cently commented on the possibility of anti-
Nazi Germans revolting against Hitler: "They
will not revolt so long as they believe it is the
purpose of the United Nations to make life for
them and their children unendurable to self-
respecting men." World powers with unsavory
imperalist records must also prove to those who
will attempt to rebuild Germany someday that
they have turned over a new leaf and are now
fighting for free men everywhere.
Therefore, since an utterly fantastic war of
ideas has engulfed humanity, and since fantastic
war aims have been proclaimed by American
leaders, it is more than criminal-it is not ex-
pedint-for a world-liberating coalition of pow-
ers to assign death by starvation to millions of
people in the mistaken belief that they will
someday rise to meet "second front" invaders
(who *ill be despoiling their homes, let us re-
member) with open arms!
For the electrifying effect upon downtrodden
Europeans, upon anti-Nazi Germans, upon the
United Nations themselves, and upon our still-
mistrustful allies (China-why not send food
there?-Russia, India) we must adopt this


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