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August 15, 1942 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1942-08-15

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Editorial

Showers

Chamber Of Commerce
Complains .About Taxes .

1'

AL11 No. 44-S

ANN ARBOR, NI4CIG N, SATURDAY, AUGUST 15, 1942

2:15 A.M. FINAL

Nazi Advance Polish Force F

'On Stalin grad
Smashes Past
Don Defenses
Russian Positions South l
Of Kletskaya Reported9
'Pierced' As German n
Force Reaches River °
Soviets Reinforeede
B y Siberian Troops
By EDDY GILMORE
Associated Press. Correspondent 1
MOSCOW, Aug. 15 (Saturday") v
Germnan troops fighting towardg
*taligad in the on River bendt
we're reported officially early todayb
to have pierced Russian positions
south of Kletskaya, 75 miles north-F
west of Stalingrad.T
- "To the south of Kletskaya," af
*. usian communique said, "our
tpops fought fierce battles against
fin enemy group which had brokene
through to a river."~
The communique indicated thea
QGmans had reached the Don River
1ecause Kletskaya is only a shortd
distance from the Don, the last nt-n
_ iral defense barrier west of the im-v
' portant Volga River port of Stlin-
grad.
J(The German-controlled Paris ra-
dio reported that Siberian troops had
sarrived. to bolster the Stalingrad
front and that German airmen
"heavily strafed these newly-arrived
divisions.")
RRussians Acknowledge
The Russians aso acknowledged a
Nazi" breakthrough in the Krasno-
dar area in the suothwestern Cauca-
sus despite heavy losses inflicted on
the Germans.
"On one of the' sectors," the com-
..munique said of this front which is
northeast of the Black Sea port of
Novorossisk, "the enemy at the costn
* of large forces was able to advance
into the depths of our defenses."
Two German infantry companies,h
a, squadron of, Rumanian cavalry and
12 German tanks were knocked out
oin the Krasnodar action,, the Rus- _
shins 'said.h
Elsewhere the Red Army was re-
ported holdi firmly on a line ex-r
teniding more than 1,000 miles frome
below, the ice-sheathed Caucasian
mdountain :peak of Elborus in thea
south to Leningrad in the north. c
German Break-Through
A menacing German break-v
through to the Don In the Kletskayar
area had been reported in press dis-o
-patches late yesterday, but the Rus-1
is were said then, to have hurledn
back the Germans.
Today's official announcement ofr
this serious turn in the fight to saveF
stalingrad said that the Red Army
had beaten off ".considerable forceso
of tanks and motorized infafitry" atx
Ketskaya itself but that the Ger-e
a 4 tide had broken through southi
of that, city "to a river" (presumably
the Don).k
More than 1,500 Germans were1
killed in the loop battle, the com-I
munique said.
Dodge Death
Is, Attributed
To Fracture1
By The Associated Press
DETROI, Aug. 14-Even after his
death, the ppotlight today followed1
John 'Duval Dodge, scion of the mul-i

ti-millionaire automotive family,
when a coroner's autopsy disclosed
that before he lapsed into a coma
Wednesday morning he had sufferedI
a skull fracture.I
Dodge had been more or less in the
public eye for 22 years, climaxing. his]
escapades with what Prosecutor Wil-7
liam E. Dowling said was a drinking
party that rsuited in his arrest, his
subsequent collapse at a precinct po-
lice station and his death last night
in receiving hospital.
Today's autopsy brought a formal
report that Dodge died of cerebral
hemorrhage following a ten-inch
fracture of the skull.
Dr. Edmund J. Knobloch, coroner,
said the fracture "could only have
been caused by a good jar of the
head. It was not caiised by a sharp
blow because there was no wound, or,
depression."
Police of the precinct station al-
ready had reported 'that Dodge,
placed in a sitting position on the
stone composition floor, suddenly
threw himself backward, his head

For 'Futlure OJ
Gen. Sikorski Announces New Arm
As European Spirit Of Rebi
By BLAKE SULLIVAN the sabote
Associated Press Correspondent identities
LONDON: Aug. 14.-Gen. Wladys- thorities.
law Sikorski, premier of the Polish Dth-
government in London; announced Dutchy ex
the formation of a Polish armored onlybero
mrotors corps for "a future offensive faced exec
on the continent" today as the spirit cause of a
of rebellion appeared to be on the Nazi-opera
rise in Nazi-trampled Europe despite Country
executions and reprisals, picture ofi
From Norway, Holland, Czecoslo- France-
vakia, France and Greece came re- the Petain-
ports of punishment for sabotage and tion were
anti-Nadi activities, while via the Clermont
Moscow radio the French were ad- France.
vised to "prepare for armed strug- greec --
gle" because "the real fight is at chief clerk
hand." Fighting French headquar- sulate at S
ters here declined to comment on the The city's
broadcast but dispatches from the been press
Soviet capital quoted Roger Garreau,
Fighting French representative in Czechosl
MVoscow, as making a plea to prepare cuted on v
for open insurrection, and Bruen
Great Tension jelgium-
The greatest tension was experi- to have at
enced in Holland where a midnight airdrome i
deadline had been set for the arrest ing four p
of 'saboteurs who' last week wrecked mans. ThE
a Nazi military train near Rotter- arrested 4
dam. The execution of an unan- saboteurs
nounced number of 1,000 hostages furnaces i
was threatened by the Nazis unless Norway-
Wednesday
Wage Increaseteagis
~-~- the work
Recom ended Norwegian
said it had
For GM Corp.pnsmn
arrested in
ing flower
Panel Okays Five-Cent Per Haakon's b
Hour Raise In Earnings who bl ast
For 225,000 Workers out of th
________threatening
By The Associated Press shelteredt
WASHINGTON, Aug. 14. -The children a
majority of a three-man panel rec- males weri
ammended to the War Labor Board Italy, the
Today an increase of five cents an-
hour for more than 225,000 employe
of the General Motors Corporationa. Cony
Two CI0 unions had asked for an
increase of $1 a day, or 12 1/2 cents an
hour. Wa
The majority also recommended a
maintenance-of -membership clause,
effective as of last January 1. Concen
The wage increase would be retro- Def
active to April 28, the date the old
contract expired.,
Fowler V. Harper, dean of the Uni- B
versity of Indiana Law School, the LONDO
public member, and' Patrick Fagan, voy defied
of the United Mine Workers, the planes, s
labor member, constituted the panel boats and
majority of the WLB. bomb-spla
Wilbur H. Doran, of the Metro- plies to t,
politan Edison Company, Reading, ranean for
Pa., the industry member of the of the cr
panel, recommended an increase of aircraft ca
one-and-a-half cents an hour and a announced
maintenance-of-membership clause Axis cl
effective on whatever date the Board ships, two
issues its order. ers as wel
Board sources said no decision had branded a
been made whether to hold a public the Admir
hearing on the recommendations. also claim
They said it was possible no decision ships, two
would be made until panels in the fied numb
Chrysler and Ford Motor Company The bu
cases reported.' shepherded
The recommended increase in- ships as
luded 11/2 cents per hour as an ad- weathered
justment for increased living costs, been the1
and 31/2 cents per hour to equalize reted aga
rates with. those in Ford plants. voy.
The panel's report said average hul annso M okr d
hourlearinsofGC ores d - I
vacdfrom 97.9 cents an hour in 7~~i~
January, 1941, when they were work-
ing'an average of 41.8 hours per week,
to $1.147 an hour in May, 1942, when I51i~
they were working an average of

45.6 hours per a week.
After allowing for overtime pay-
ments, the panel estimated the aver- I
age earnings at straight time ad-
vanced from 94.1 cents to $1.065 in Nine we
the period from January, 1941, tomeic
Ma,1942. The panel said that rep- ensk, inc
resented an increase of 13.4 per cent Duranty,
compared with the cost of living ad -____
vance of 15 per cent in that period.
Edwin Goddard,
Lawa Professor,
Dies InHospital
Prof .-Emeritus Edwin C. Goddard
of the Law School died at 9:10 p.m.
yesterday at the University Hospital
after a long illness caused by mastoid
infection.
Professor Goddard first camne to
the University in 1895 when he re-
ceived an instructorship in the De-
partment of Mathematics.
In 1899 he obtained a law degree,

ormed
rfens ive'
cored Motors Corpsi
ellion' Rises
urs surrendered or their
were disclosed to the au-
overnment officials here
:pressed fears a greater
f victims than originally
ution might be killed be-
n attempt to blow up a
.ted radio station.
by country, here was the
unrest in Europe tonight
-three persons opposed to
-.Laval policy of collabora-
condemned to death at
'errand in unoccupied
-David tiano, 38, former
in the United States Con-
>alonika, shot as a hostage.
6,000 Spanish Jews have
ed into labor gangs,
Ten Czechs
ovakia--Ten, Czechs exe-
arious charges at 'rague
n in two days this .week
-Belgian patriots reported
acked a German military
ni the Liege district, burn-
lanes and killing 16 Ger-
e Gestapo, said the BBC,
0 workers in its hunt for
who wrecked two blast
n a metallurgical factory.
-a Norwegian executed
, according to Swiss dis-
om Oslo, for having writ-
tthe Nazis and circulating
among his friends. The
government in London
been unable to learn what
1, if any, had been meted
men, women and children,
tOslo last Week for wear-
,s to commemorate King
irthday.
ia-Reuters said Italians,
etc the village of Ravnik
e ground, posted notices
g death to anyone who
he homeless women and
nd the aged. Most of the
e shot or drivn away to
agency said.
oy Battles
y To MaltaI
rated Axis Attack
'ed By British
The Associated Press
N, Aug. 14.-A British con-
d swarms of Axis war-
dubmarines and torpedo
fought its way through
shed seas to deliver sup-
e embattled mid-Mediter-
tress of Malta at the cost
wiser Manchester end the
rrier Eagle, the Admiralty
I today.
rims of sinking 21 cargo
destroyers and three cruis-
I as the Eagle were curtly
s known exaggerations by
salty statement. The Axis
red damage to two battle-
carriers and an unspeci-
er of other ships.
lk of the British ships,
d by several British battle-
well as aircraft carriers,
what was believed to have
heaviest air attack yet di-
tinsf a Mediterranean con-

American
jap ases

Forces Strentgth'en Grip
[)n Islands, As Allies Hit
, Ship Concentrations

4

Z

Where The Marines Hit The Ja ps
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s:
iaeii 10 STATUTE MILS AT EOUATaIt
While American marines fought to consolidate their positions in the Solomon Islands (circle), United
Nations bombers smashed (plane symbols) at key points in the Jap supply line to the Solomons to hin-
der Jap reinforcements on the way to the battle area,

U.S. Troops Consolilating
Beach Heads As Shore
Based Bombers Attack

Senate Will Pas
Bill By Oct. 1,

By The Associated PressR
WASHINGTON, Aug. 14.-Senate
passage before October 1 of a sub-
stantially revised tax bill was pre-
dicted today by Chairman George
Dem.-Ga.) as the Finance Commit-
tee wound up three weeks of. public
hearings on the new revenue meas-
ure voted by the House in July.
Although George declined to spec-
ulate on detailed charges in the bill,
which would add $6,271,000,000 to
yearly Federal revenues as it passed
the r House, he told reporters that
testimony taken by the committee
had made it apparent to him, at
least, that some alterations were
necessary in major sections of the
measure.
Business representatives have con-
centrated most of their criticism of
the bill's provisions on methods of
calculating excess profits taxes, on
a proposal to put all corporations or
a calendar year tax-paying basis
and on the measure's failure to pro.
vide relief for the payment of debts
or the accumulation of post-war re-
serves.
Only a handful of witnesses testi-
fled directly on, individual income
tax sections of the measure,, their
suggestions ranging from requests
for sharp increases in lower brackets

s Rev ised Tax WPB Needs
George predicts Srn os
States Tolan
to proposals to shift a greater part of ____
the burden to incomes above $10,000.
In this connection, the Congress of Congressman- Points Out
Industrial Organizations supported Need For Civilian Head
and the American Federation of La-
bor opposed President Roosevelt's With Absolute Control
suggestion that all incomes be limn-
ited to $25,000 through taxation. By The Associated Press
Senator George announced that WASHINGTON, Aug. 1.-Re-as-
the committee would' begin work re- serting that the nation faced a crisis
'vising the bill behind closed doors in its war effort, Chairman Tolan
August 24. (0-Calif.) of the House Committee
__________ on Defense Migration, declared to-
- night that the arms production pro-
0 PA Declares Steels gram needed a civilian boss "who
t i doesn't have to be afraid of- any-
Probe Just Starting body."
_____Tolan said Donald M. Nelson,
u chairman of the War Production
, QLEVELAND, Aug. 14.-(IP)-OPA Bojard; had been given broad powers
attorneys said tonight a suit filed by President Roosevelt to get needed
*here "only scratched the surface" in tools of war built, but that he had
- their nation-wide drive to break a given most of this power to the Army
f"black market" in steel, No. 1 war and Navy.
1 He recited reports of shortages of
1commodity. vital materials and shut downs of
s Accusing steel operator Willard P. War plants and declared they threat-
Markle of charging 68 per cent in ex- ened America's present military po-
s cess of legal ceiling prices, the OPA sitions abroad.
-attorneys today obtained a tempor- "The time has come," said Tiolan,
ary injunction against the former "for Mr. Nelson to use the powers
-Houston, Tex. warehouseman. Their conferred on him by the President
e civil suit said he had bought 80 tons eight months ago. Throukhout these
r of steel and sold it to the New Or- months too much of. Mr. Nelson's
s leans shipbuilding interests of An- time has been spent in being an umn-
- drew J. Higgins. pire. instead of ,a boss."
-The chairman's remarks were
' made in an address prepared for ra-
dio broadcast over CBS.
The address reiterated charges
made by his committee recently that
III ! mss' the war production program was not
functioning as effectively as it
9 o should. The committee, he said, was
ia i e" convinced that "faulty control" was
/L11P1 I t a responsible factor.
-months before trial in the prison o EightAr Wo n e
3Chalon, and -was investigated andAr Wo n e
dnqestioned as a possible spy, of both During Indian Riot
Churchill and Stalin before being ____
________________ BOMBAY, India, Saturday, Aug.
* 15,-(I)-Eight demonstrators were
::>: :.....{.......wounded today when police fired into
:<::>::>' :> >:.:.>>;:.:".::- a crowd in Calcutta, ending a period
of quiet in the All-India Congress
"':>.:.;;ii$:'{?:' {>;2i".:-:::%:: 'iii:Party's campaign for independence
t for India.
e The demonstrators in India's great
eastern city interfered with street car
< ~service, cut telephone" wires and
's smashed fire alarm boxes.
Mounted police dispersed a crowd
at Rajkot which attempted to picket
e the secretariat of the Western India
n - States Agency.
{ Delhi was quiet but two big textile
d mills and one flour mill still were
closed.
- Before the latest flare-ups, Mo-

Japanese Naval
Convoy Pounde
By RICHARD 1, TURNER
Associated Press Staff Writer
WASHINGTON, 'Aug. 13.--Ame
ican fighting men, though' st
in the thick of heavy combat, t
night had obviously taken a fir
and perhaps winning grip upon the
Solomon Islands.,v
The Navy, given to reticence and
understatement, announced that the
"task of consolidating" the beach-
heads seized and held by the marines
was "progressing satisfactorily."
Naval units, it said, were protecting
the communication lines and escort-
ing supply vessels to the forces Qf
occupation.
Shore-Based Aircraft
"United States. Army and Allied...
shore-based aircraft," it added, "are
continuing to attack Japanese air
bases and ship concentrations in en-
emy-held harbors."
There weret additional indications
that American and,Allied forces held
the important advantage of superior-
ity in the air.
Flying fortresses and fast attack
bopbers of General Douglas Mac-
Arthur's Australian Command were
reported to be keeping up an inces-
sant attack upon Japanese bases
from which reinforcements might be
sent to the Solomons, At MVac-.
Arthur's headquarters, it was said
that these planes ,were battering a
Japanese naval convoy bound for the
scene of the fighting..,
From Sydney, Australia, an Eng-,
lish war correspondent cabled word
to his London paper, the Evening
Star, that the Americans had won
the first stage of the' battle for the
Solomons.
Strongly Entrenched
American marines, he said, were
so strongly entrenched at, Tulagi, a
major point of attack, that only the
"heaviest reinforcements" could di8-
lodge them.
The fighting would continue for
weeks, he predicted, asserting that
the Japanese had accepted the~
American challenge and apparently
were. prepared to risk the results of
a big naval action in the effort to~
hold the Solomons.
Although not conclusive, the news
was all good from this new theatre
of active warfare, this first big of-
fensive of the United S tates and the
United Nations in the broad Pacific_
war area. Many gruelling rounds lay
ahead, but it seemed evident that 14
the early fighting the Americans btl4
won.
'Navy Seizes
Plant To End
Cable Strike,

L3 Lecture Program Announced:
runty, De Seversky I
' U' Oratorical Assoc

orld-famous men and wo-
iding Alexander P. de Se-
viation authority, Walter
prominent foreign corre-

Louis Fischer, formerly foreign cor-
respondent for The Nation; Mrs
Ruth Mitchell, recently connecter
with the Chetniks, Margaret Bourke-
White, famed photographer; and 'I
R. Ybarra, author of "Young Man a
Caracas", and Jay Allen, foreign cor"
respondent.
Co1. Romulo, who will open the ser"
ies Oct. 22 with a talk on "The Bat,
tle of Bataan", was one of the las
men to leave Bataan before thi
American surrender. Minister of In
formation in the cabinet of Presidens
Quezon, he owned four newspaper
and two radio stations in the Philip
pines.
Born in the Philippines, he was th,
first non-.American journalist to wi
the Pulitzer Prize for foreign corre
spondence when he won the coveter
award for a series of articles writte:
shortly before Pearl Harbor describc

1.
3
B
B

By The Associated Press
BAYONNE, N. J., Aug. 14.-The
navy seized the General Cable Con1_-
pany's Bayonne plant today to end a.
wildcat walkout and the strikers en-
thusiastically returned to work for
"Uncle Sam, our new boss."
"We're all damn' glad it h
pened," said Michael P. Petraki.
strike committee chairman.
have a real boss!"
But the very jubilation bro
from Washington indication the go
ernmient had no intention of turn
the seizure into a victory for work s
who had walked out of their jo s
despite the pleas of the War Labor
Board and their own union leaders.
The strike began Monday midnight
when 1,000 workers tied up produc-
tion of cable for army and navy af-
ter the War Labor Board' had re-
fused their demand for a 10-cent-an-
hour wage increase.
A responsible Washington official,
declining to permit use of his nam~e,
said employes: of the company prob-
ably *'ould be'notified that the navy
had taken over the plant to police
it, not jto supplant the management.
He implied a ,warning to other war
workers that the government would
not punish management for wildcat
strikes.
Anvr impression .that the navy was

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