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June 18, 1942 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1942-06-18

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e mlr4igan "Daily

An Axe To Grind


By Liphty


Edited and managed by student of the University of
chgan under the authority of the -Board in Control
of";Student Publicaons.
The Summer Daly is published every morning except
Monday and Tuesday.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all, news dispatches credited to
it or otherwise credited i this newspaper. All rights
of republication 91 all other matters herein also reserved,
,Etered at the Post Office at An.Arbor Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.00, by mail $5.00.
National dvertisig Service,Jc-
e C kee PUldshers JupresnWtie
AC2) MMicsoN AVE. NEW YOx, N. Y.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1941-42
Editorial Staff .
Homer D. Swander . . . . Managing Editor
l Sapp . . . . city Eitor
Mikle "D n . . . .Sorts Editor
;dale Champion, John Erlewine, Leon Grdencer,
Robert Preisel
Business Staff
Edward Perlberg . . . Business Manager
Fred M. Ginsberg . . Associate Business Manager
Moton .Hunter . . . . Publications Manager
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by .members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Exorbitant Incomes
Must Be Curbed ,* *
C ONSERVATIVE business - as - usual
criticisms of the super taxes recent-
ly tabled by the House Ways And Means Com-
mittee are keynoted by the Detroit Free Press'
which sees in the bill a threat to "the America
you have known as the symbol of freedom and
President Roosevelt's suggestion was that no
one be allowed to retain a personal income of
more than $25,000 a year. According to the
plan, if anyone 'las more than 25,000 left after
paying the regular income tax he can use 15 per
cent of the sum to pay debts or insurance pre-
miums, contribute to charity or invest in gov-
ernment securities. What is left of the excess
after this deduction is subject to a 100 per cent
tax that will bring his spending money down to
$25,000 a year.
"The dangerous aspect of the proposal is that
for the first time in the history of our country,
a limitation would be placed on the amount any
marn could earn," says the Free Press. "This
reasoning is fallacious because it puts our char-
acteristic national ambition and incentive away
in moth balls."
IT IS TRUE that as a revenue getter-$184,-
000,000 would he collected from 11,000 in-
dividuals-the plan is not too important a piece
of legislation. But as a bill to establish equality
of sacrifice and equality of privilege the propos-
al becomes truly significant.
Complete freedom of expression is gone
for the duration. Labor has given up its
right t strike. The rights to remain in
school, to hold a job, to buy what one can
pay for and to sel to whom one wishes, to
manufacture what one desires have all been
stowed "away in moth balls." The country
has decreed that millions of men will spend
years training and fighting, and of necessi-
ty many of them will die.
But for some undoubtedly unacceptable
reason the "'right" of some "1,0M0 persons to
make fortunes out of the war, to live lux-
uriously for the next few years and to
feather their nests at the expense of the
whole country is to be considered inviolable.
If democracy-"equality of privilege" is the
phrase used by tax adviser Randolph Paul--
is to have any meaning at all exorbitant

wartime incomes must be curbed.
THE BEST ARGUMENT for enormous profits
is, of course, the incentive one. Big Busi-
ness is greedy and Big Business loves its profits.
But there is something immoral about demand-
ing more than $25,000 a year for effective pen-
cil-pushing while gun-toting and dying is worth
only $50 per month.
It is all part of the attitude that prohibits
disclosure of Big Business salaries "for military
reasons.' A desire to safeguard national unity
would ne more acceptable, to safeguard profits
more honest.
It is part of the attitude that is Ileeping a tax
measure in the hands of the Ways and Means
Committee until reactionary members can force
through a sales tax.
Tt is the feeling that America belongs to a
privileged few and that sacrifices belong to the
unprivileged many.

THAT THE JEWISH problem is a problem in
our democracy was revealed by an editorial
from PM reprinted in yesterday's Daily. There
are still people in the United States who will
judge Sammy Goldberg not on whether he is a
good egg or a crumb, but on his being Sammy
The fact that some of the scum of anti-
Semitism has been brought to the surface need
cause no one to despair of working democracy.
The only valid despair would come if people
didn't give much of a hoot for the whole thing.
There is-a lot of anti-Semitism in the country
-only seldom does it rise to the visual.level of
Jew-baiting. If everybody merely shudders a
little at an obvious atrocity, like they shuddered
when the Germans cut off 50,000,000 Belgian
hands during the last war, and like when four
miners got trapped in a shaft for 10 days in Ari-
zona, or indulges in similar sympathetic emo-
tions, then is when you should start worrying
about democracy.
Because the whole thing depends on whe-
ther people are willing to make an effort
to understand and combat anti-Semitism.
None of us believes that democracy here is
perfect, but all of us depend essentially on
its willingness to try and be perfect. Things
'like this can't be a drop in a bucket; they
can.t merely ,vrovoke a shudder and then a
"So What?"
TE ORIGINE of anti-Semitism lie pretty deep
and pretty far back, the consensus of opin-
ion being that it was the natural result which
occurs when you have an alien group in -a
country. Jews in 70 A.D. became an expatriate
-group, desiring in large part to retain the cus-
tqms and religion of their old society. They were
a relatively unassimilateable group in practic-
ally all the Near East and European countries,
they were foreigners and aliens, a small minor-
ity, and they were misunderstood.
The misunderstanding works both ways.
First the Jew is ojectionable because of his
being a foreigner. That causes anti-Semi-
tism, which in turn gives the Jew a sort of a
group inferiority complex, By trying to
overcome and compensate for this in ways
which ma'y be objectionable to the national
group, more anti-Semitism is created.
FOR EXAMPLE, in the Dark Ages, Jews were a
foreign group in an almost entirely Catholic
world. They were kept at arm's distance like
everything-strange is kept at arm's distance.
They refused to become Christian, which was
at the time incomprehensible to the Christians;
so they were barred from working the land, from
engaging in ordinary pursuits. They turned' to
the only thing available, money-lending. Some
were unscrupulous (the Law of Moses forbids
usury), some were aggressive, all were clannish
-of necessity-and so more anti-Semitism
Draft information
Is Very Confusig...
THE SELECTIVE Service system and
policies as expounded by draft offi-
cials, publicity releases, and Brigadier-General
Lewis M. Hershey are getting more confusing
by the day. The one bureau in Washington
which sadly needs organized publicity for a
newspaper audiencequick to seize on every small
tidbit of informaton apparently has almost no
organizaion at all.
According to publicity statements about mar-
ried men deferments, all the following has been
decided at approximately the same time:
They're not going.
They are going.
They're not going because we don't need
They are going with Congressional pay
to dependents.
They're not going until all the single men'
are gone.
What do you say, boys, to keeping it quiet un-
til you make up your minds? We can wait.
-hale Champion
Situation Deplorable..

halted an American tour and offi-
cial visit to Washington to go back to the Ba-
hamas and straighten out some labor trouble.
That was the surface story carried by most of
the American press last week, but beneath it
lay a serious problem in one of Britain's here-
tofore most peaceful possessions.
The situation which yanked the royal visitor
home in such a hurry was a labor dispute which
had erupted. into violent riots causing several
fatalities and additional heavy injuries.
NEGRO WORKERS on American defense pro-
jetsin the islands are getting about 8Q
cents per day in contrast to wages of a dollar a
day and over for white workers whose skills are
little greater than their own.
The tremendous wage differentation alone-
stirred up serious trouble, and when pseudo-
Americans started brutal mistreatment of, the
sensitive Bahamians for no apparent reason,
things got out of control.
Add the further fact of tremendous local price
increases to catch U.S. workers' wages ands
explosion was natural.
r HE INEXCUSABLE handling of the Negro
question by industry in this country seems to

arose. They became more clannish, it became
harder to make an honest living and so more
became unscrupulous. It became a question of
fighting against growing anti-Semitism, (fos-
,tered by the Church, and not unwillingly ac-
cepted by the people) by fair means or foul, or
else migrating. Some stayed, some were killed,
most migrated.
Emancipation started in England with
Cromwell, was first given legal status by
Napoleon. But by the time they became
accepted as regular members of society, it
had become increasingly difficult for them
to adjust to that society.
Thus you have the sociologist's phenomenon
of the inverted pyramid. A normal society is
arranged quanitatively with most people farm-
ers and in basic manufacturing and fewest in
the professions, government and management.
But with the Jews the situation is reversed, be-
cause of the original closing of the more home-
ly ways of getting a living. So more people
rail at Jews, and the whole damn mess gets more
,WTHEN YOU HAVE an undesirable circular
problem, you have to break into it some-
way. Some have suggested that the Jews be
repatriated in Palestine. This has been tried,
and to a large degree in Palestine the twisted
occupational problem has been solved. Every-
one, however, won't go to Palestine, and this
seems to be only a partial solution to the prob-
lem. (The interesting parallel between the
Zionist movement and the establishment of
Liberia can here be noted).
The solution that Americans are faced with
is a realignment of their thinking along the
lines of considering a person as a person. The
intelligent Jew will have to fight his racial in-
feriority complex. Little by little Jews may be-
come accepted, and with the acceptance may
vanish any objectionable features which accrue
to them as non-Gentiles rather than as people.
It may work out, but probably not Aoon. The key
to the whole thing lies in the action of a democ-
racy's citizens in trying to make that denoc-
racy work.
Pc/n ted
SEE WHERE Louis Bromfield and the Detroit
Free Press find a "clear cleavage" between
the thoughts of the people and the "New Deal
politicians." They believe the people are wor-
ried because of "Washington's persistent pur-
suit of social experimentation when the fate of
the Nation is at stake."
Perhaps Bromfield and the Free Press have
forgotten that the "people" they speak of are
the same people who sent the New Deal to
Washington three times in a row by over-
whelming majorities. And if I know the Free
Press, it will still be finding a "clear cleavage"
after the New Deal has made it four straight
in 1944.
* * * *
OUR OWN Senator Arthur Vandenberg, rg-
cently commenting on the nation's taxa-
tion problem, had this to

() 9"2 f 1c*.".
s, , 1F 'l
men; it's my wife's special recipe for Welsh rarebit!"
"It's tough, durable, and elastic-the ideal synthetic rubber, gentle-
A s O the rs yatts asee oIo t
Sam il (FooN Say Isoato n
Minds Folloii Nazi Paiteri

Ten days ago I heard the Germans
chattering on the short wave that a
second front would mean a second
Dunkerque. One bright Nazi lad,I
fatuously sounding like a teacher's
pet, read chapters out of English
books on the horrors of Dunkerque,
gloating over each bloody detail. He
was curiously cheerful for a man en-
gaged in the difficult enterpriseof
trying to scare the English by radio.,
A few days later I heard more
short wave; this time two German
comics making much of America's
gasoline shortage, and asking, in that
special Ngzi manner; whether giving
up automobiles constituted saving the
American way of life. They were be-
side themselves with glee; they
howled; they certainly thought they
had a point.
Same Stetf f Reappears
I stacked this stuff somewhere in
the back of n y mind, where it lay
dormant. Then, last week, it came
to life. The moment the Soviet-
English-American agreement on the
second front was announced several
of our isolationist senators and news-
papers began to comment that we
had better beware of a second Dun-l
kerque; that's all they had to say,
that's all.
When, simultaneously, the isola-
tionist press continued to kick up
about the gasoline shortage, enjoy-
ing this, safe excuse for making a
stink about the war, the similarity
with the Nazi line became oppres-
sive. I do not accuse any of these
men of working for the Nazis. Their
offense is, really, rather worse; they
thought up the Nazi line all by them-
selves, 3,000 miles away, without help.
Here's Another Line
It is one thing to see a man pick
up a scrap of Nazi material and use
it, perhaps in dim-witted innocence.
It is more depressing, not less, to
know that he doesn't get it from the
Nazi at all, but that his mind works
somewhat as theirs do, and comes to
the same conclusions when present-
ed with the same facts; that we have
local infections of gloom, defeatism,

and that very special brand of snide
Nazi cleverness.
One other line peddled by local
isolatimi ists had been annoying me,
theirattack on scholars, intellectuals,
pedagogues. The vicious assaults
against the poet, Mr. Archibald Mac-
Leish, are an example, the cheap
"sock 'em with a sonnet," comments
on Mr. MacLeish's work in the Office
of Facts and Figures, the attempts
to poke fun at Mrl-. MacLeish for hav-
ing hired "a weird assortment" of
dramatists, novelists, etc., though
why he should have hired bricklay-
ers or doctors to do a writing job
has never been explained.
Why Fear Intelligence?
Then, last week, the Gestapo
raised to horrid crescendo its mur-
der of Czechs, and Emanuel Moravec,
the Czech Quisling, that startling
exception in a race almost free of
traitors, took to the Prague radio.
He announced (and at the same time
the same comment was made in Ber-
lin) that Czech "intellectuals" were
to blame for all unrest, that the
Czech intelligentsia, as a class, would
now have to be destroyed.
Well, there you are. This third
parallel between a line locally pop-
ular with American isolationists, and
a line officially adopted by Nazidom
is, in a way, the most dreadful of
all. This hysterical fear of the in-
tellectual exposes the essential phoni-
ness of both the Nazi and the isola-
tionist worlds. Who has anything
to fear from intelligence and learn-
ing except the man who is wrong?
No critic has been able to point to
any conspicuous error Mr. MacLeish
has made in his official analysis of
the world problem; they hate him
precisely and specifically because he.
is right; as the swine Moravec hates
Czechoslovakia's MacLeishes for the
same reason.
Our Case Stands Up
It will probably break some isola-
tionist hearts that the President has
picked for his final, or semifinal fully
coordinated coordinator of informa-
tion, Mr. Elmer Davis, a man who
was once a Rhodes scholar. Why
couldn't he, they will want to know,

VOL. LI. No. 3
All Notices for the Daily Offi-ial *1-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
summer Session before 3:30 p. of the
day preceding its publication bxcept on
Saturday, when the notices should be
submitted before 11:30 a.m.
Recreational Swimming -- Women
Students: There will be recreatinal
swimming for women at the Union
Pool every Tuesday and Thursday
evening frogi 8:30 to 9:30.
Dept. of Physical Education
for Women.
International Center: All foreign
students and their Amerifan friends
are invited to attend the regular
Thursday afternoon teas sponsored
by the International Club Board and
given at the International Center
from 4 to 6 o'clock. The teas on
June 18 and June 25 will be in charge
of the Chinese Club.
Michigan Sailing Club: First s i-
mer meeting at 7:45 p.m.. in Rouu
304 Michigan Union.
The Storehouse Bullling will act
as a receiving center for scrap rubber
and also metals. Any department on
the Campus having metals or rubber
to dispose of for defense purposes,
please call Ext. 337 or 317 and the
materials will. be picked up by the
trucks whih make regular campus
deliveries. Service of the janitors is
available to collect the materials
from the various rooms in the build-
ings to be delivered to the receiving
E. C. Pardon
Candidates: All student previous-
ly registered with the Bireau and
now on the campus are requested to
come in to the Bureau and leave
their addresses, telephone numbers,
and their summer elections.
University Bureau of Appointments
and Occupationdl Information.
Flying Club will meet Thursday
evening at 7:30 p.m. in Room 302 of
the Union. All members should be
there. In addition, any students or
members of the faculty who might be
interested in flying the University
Club airplane this summer are in-
vited to attend.
Alan R. Pott, Pres. of
U. of M. Flying Club
Ch.-Met. 171. Explosives. 3 Fours.
Mr. Osburn. Lecture and Recitation,
Mon. and Fri., 1-3, Rm. 4215. A
Study of the Processes Used in the
Manufacture of Commercial Explo-
sives: Their Properties and Uses,
Prerequisites Ch.-Met. 25. First meet-
ing of the class will be on Friday,
June 19.
Department of Chemical and
Matalurgical Ehkineering
Women Students: The Women's
Department of Physical Education is
sponsoring a picnic for all women on
campus. This will be held at 0:00
p.m., Friday, June 19, on Palmer
Field. A small fee will be charged
to cover the cost of food. Students
(Continued on Page 3)
have picked some one filled to the
neck with pure smoking-car political
science, instead?
I'm glad he didn't. One outstand-
ing fact in our war is the almost com-
plete agreement on the issues by our
intellectuals, and England's, too, and
I am proud of that agreement, proud
that our case can stand review by
able and well-stocked minds, and be
the stronger for it, That is one of
our protections against the bleak mir-
acle which takes place again and
again when mean minds look at the

world and. come up with the same
descriptions of it as those formulated
3,000 miles away by men with a spe-
cial interest in the triumph of mean-
-By Samuel Grafton
in The Chicago Sun.



"This (additional in-
come-tax levies) is chief-
ly a device for increasing
further the burdens on
present income taxpay-
ers. The low - income
groups would be better
off under a sales tax
lowered exemptions."

than under

* * * *
A new way of apprehending Nazi agents
has been discovered by the Michigan State
Police. It all started a couple of days ago
when a military policeman heard a Mt.
Clemens man singing in German. The song
translated was something about "Blue is a
little f lower named the forget- me -iot."
This was obviously subversive, so the singer
was "investigated," had his job taken away
from him and may be charged with disor-
derly conduct. The latest rumour is that
the police are going all over the state sneez-
ing at people, and if anyone says "Gesund-
heit" for them be is immediately appre-
hended and charged with subversive activi-
ties. -The Managing Editor
'As Mame Goes
So GoesoThesNatm?...
ACK IN 1936. when the Kansas Sun-
flower bloomed from the lapels of
numerous voters adhering to the stand-still poli-
cies of the Republicans, a reincarnated slogan
appeared: "As Maine goes so goes the nation."
The disciples of Republicanism were deceived
by their apostles-much to the delight of the
Democrats who were joyfully triumphant-for
Maine went the wrong way. The infallible token
voting had not pointed the way.
WEDID NOT want the nation to follow Maine
in the last election. for the man in the

+ T


And Japanese Ship Losses

From The Christian Seience Monitor
The following tables show the respective losses suff ered by tle United States and Japan in actions in the
Pacific battle theatre since the Japanese attack on Pearl Ilarbor, Dec, 7. The tables have been compiled from
official communiques by the Navy Department.


Sunk or Believed Pos. Darn-


Sunk to
Lost Capture

Battleships ........
Aircraft Carriers ..
Aircraft Tender



Cruisers .......1
Destroyers .. .9
Submarines ........ 2
Seaplane Tender ... 0
Minesweepers ...... 3
Gunboats .......... 3
Patrol Torpedo Boats 2
Noncombatant Ships

. 6



Warships Sunk Probably
Battleships ..... 0 0
Aircraft Carriers, 4 1
Cruisers........11 "4
pestroyer leaders 1 0
Destroyers ..... 16 3
Submarines .... 6 0
Seaplane or aircraft.
tenders ........0 0
Minesweepers .. . 1 1
Gunboats .......9 1
Submarine chaser 1 0
Patrol boats .... 2 0
Totals ....... 51 10
Noncombatant Ships
Fleet tankers ... 9 0
Transports .... 14 0
Troopships ..,....0 0

Sunk Sunk aged Tot.
0 0 4 4
1 0 4 10
1 0 19 35
0 0 0 1
1 2 10 32
0 0 1 7
1 0 4- 5
0 0 0 2
0 0 1 11
0 0 0 1
0 0 0 2
2 43 110
0 0 0 9
4 0 10 28
0 0 1 1

Tankers ...........





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