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June 18, 1942 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1942-06-18

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Editorial
E~xorbitant Incomes
Must Be Cuirbed .

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4 a Ii,

Weatier

cor~ntlied wartm,

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VOL. LII. No. 3,

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JUNE 18, 1942

2:15 A.M. FINAL

}

Soldiers' Pay
Increase Bill
Is Made Law
B President
,Buck Privates, Apprentice
Seamen Will Get $50
Miniinum Pay, Raising
Rates $20 Per Month
Rent Allowances
To Be Graded Up
WASHIlGTON, June 7. -(P-
Men in the armed forces were assured
of minimum pay of $50 Rt month
when President Roosevelt signed in-
to law today legislation recently
passed by Congress.
Retroactive to June 1, the measure
raises the pay of buck privates and
apprentice seamen to $50, and like-
wise grants increases to grades up
to and including Army second lieu-
tenants and Naval ensigns.
For most men it means an in-
crease of at least $20 a month. Army
privates now get $21 to start, $30
after fofr months and $40 after a
year.
The following tables shbw the old
and new monthly base pay and al-
lowance schedules:
Privates and apprentice seamen
raised from $30 to $50.
First-class privates and second-
class seamen/ raised from $36 to $54.
Corporals and first-class seamen,
raised from $54 to $66.
Sergeants, Petty Officers
Sergeants and third-class petty of-
ficers, raised from $60 to $78.
Staff sergeants and second-class
petty officers, raised from $84 to
$114.
Master sergeatit and chief petty
officer, raised from $126 to $138.
Second lieutenants, and ensigns,
raised from $125 to $150.
Nurses' base pay would be raised
$20 monthly, to $90, for those with
less than three years of service, and
$5 monthly, to $135, for those with
more than nine years of service. As
in the case of the Army and Navy,
the base pay is exclusive of additional
pay for longevity.f
Rental Allowances
Second lieutenant with dependents.
raised from $40 to $60. Without de-
pendents, $40 to $45.
First lieutenant with dependents,'
raised from $60 to $75. Without de-
pendents, $40 to $60.
Captains with dependents, raised
from $80 to $90. Without depend-
ents, $60 to $75.
Majors, with dependents, raisedr
from $100 to $105. Without depend-l
ents, $60 to $90.f
Lieutenant colonels with depend--f
ents, $120 (no increase). Without de-
pendents, raised from $80 to $1'05.f
Colonels with dependents, $120 (no1
Increase). Without dependents, raised
from $80 to $105.
Higher ranks unchanged except forI
$25 increase for brigadier and major1
generals without dependents.
(Similar provisions for Naval off i-
cers of corresponding rank.)
P etain Adm'its
Rising Unrest
WthinoFrane
VJICHY, June 17. -(X)- Marshal
Petain, France's aged Chief' of State,
acknowledged on this second anni-

versary of his suit for the armistice
with Germany that "discontent is
growing , . anger is rumbling" in
F'rance.
Heappealed to Frenchmen to be
patient and hopeful in the face of
"all-too-real deficiences of the state."
Of these, he said he was aware, as
he was of the unrest for which he
blamed in part individual citizens.
Petain opened his address with a
reference to June 17, 1940. "the trag-
Ic hour of the armistice request"
when he called on the French "to
silence your anguish so as to heart-
en only your faith in the destiny of
your country."
"A year later, on June 17, 1941,"
continued the 86-year-old leader, "I
declared to you that the trail would
be long and hard. Today I cannot
speak to you in different terms.
I do not hide from myself the feeble-
ness of the echoes my appeals havet
met with.
". .the workman suffers-and
his enforced passivity cannot be tak-
en for resignation: the peasant grows
impatient."
But he held out no promises of1

Savage Nazi Terrorism Strikes
Back At European Resistance
Propaganda "rive On Home Front Warns Defeat
Means Dire Results; Calls For Iron Purpose'

t

LONDON, June ,;7.-(P)-A grow-
ing wave of terror, with repressive
measures of the Nazi conquerors in-
creasing in savagery and ingenuity
was reported from many parts of oc-
cupied Europe tonight.
On the German home front itself,
reports added, the Nazis have opened
a new propaganda drive calling for
fortitude and "iron purpose"-and,
menacingly, warning of the dire con-
sequences of defeat:
By countries, the reports reaching
London gave this picture of the latest
Nazi moves to make good their "new
order" in Europe:
Poland: More than 1,000 persons
were arrested in Warsaw yesterday,
the PolishGovernment in exile an-
nounced, in a noon mass raid and
were carried away, presumably, to
join 5,000 others who were seized in
Warsaw a few weeks ago and sent to
Germany as slave laborers.
,The Polish Government in exile
also saidt it had received word that
12 women and three men accused of
distributing underground newspapers
were hanged publicly in Poznan on
June 8.
Czechoslovakia: The Czech Gov-
ernment in exile, led by President
Eduard Benes, vowed vengeance on
the Nazis from Adolf Hitler to the
lowest tbol of the Gestapo respon-
sible for crimes committed in Czech-
oslovakia, where 382 persons have
been executed and the village of Li-
dice exterminated with 350 more
dead in retaliation for the assassina-
tion of Reinhard Heydrich, Gestapo
executioner.
Russia: Russians escaping from
German-held Kharkov, Ukrainian

Student Blood
Donors Ask ed
To Si)gn Friday
In answer to a rush call for great-
er contributions from this area the
Red Cross is appealing for 50 stu-
dent volunteer blood donors.
Students who wish to help the vital
blood bank campaign are asked to
sign Friday on the Diagonal for ap-
pointments with the Red Cross Mobile
Unit which is scheduled to appear
here June 24.
The Diagonal station will be open
from 12:30 p.m. to 5 p.m. only, at
which time appointments will be
made for the afternoon of June 24.
Since students under 21 must se-
cure parental permission difficult to
procure. before the Mobile Unit ap-
pears here, a special appeal is made
to older students to sign Friday.,
In appealing to the Detroit area,
the Red Cross pointed out that it
had fallen short of its share in this
vitally important program. Since the
demand for blood for transfusion
purposes is greater now than ever
before with Americans in action on
every front, all quotas must be met
immediately, it further stressed.
Prof. Williams To Speak
Prof. Mentor L. Williams of the
English department will be the prin-
cipal speaker at a celebration of
United Nations day and the signing
of the Atlantic Charter to be held
at 8 p.m. today at the Beth Israel
Center under the sponsorship of the
local B'nai B'rith.

city, told of mass executions among
suffering civilians who daily saw
bodies of those who had died of star-
vation being carted to the city's out-
skirts.
Yugoslavia: Reports received by
secret channel said 250hostages were
shot in a 10-day period during April
in the German-occupied part of Slo-
venia, in northern Yugoslavia. Yugo-
slav resistance continued and 1,500
Axis soldiers were reported captured
recently in a battle between them and
Gen. Draja Mihailovics guerrilla
fbrces.
Rushing Rules
To Be Learned
Houses Violating Summer
Regulations Will Suffer,
Warns IFC President
Stressing the point that the IFC
will be in full operation this summer
and hence able to punish any houses
violating the rushing regulations,
John W. Fauver, '43, president of the
council, yesterday urged all fresh-
men, rushing chairmen and house
presidents to familiarize themselves
with the summer rulings,
First semester freshmen should
note that it is illegal for any house
to rush them or for any fraternity
man to approach them during the
summer term. This does not apply
to second semester freshmen and
others, who may be rushed outside
of houses, pledged, and initiated
when a proper grade average is at-
tained and certain data given to the
Dean of Students.
Complete Regulations
The complete regulations are as
follows:
Article 1. It shall be a punishable
offense for any fraternity or the
member of any fraternity to con-
duct rushing, between the first and
the last days of the summer term in-
clusive, except as hereinafter pi'o-
vided; and any such offense shall be
punished as provided in Article 5
Article 2. It is deemed to be a
punishable offense for any frater-
nity or member thereof to rush a
man enrolled in the University who
has not completed at least one se-
mester therein.
Article 3. Those men not excluded
from rushing by Article 2 may only
be rushed outside of the fraternity
house. There shall be no rushing of
any kind conducted within the fra-
ternity house.
Meaning Of 'Rushing'
Article 4. The term "rushing" shall
be held to include all contact between
a fraternity man or men with a non-
fraternity man or men, which con-
tact is for the purpose of influencing
the non-fraternity man or men with
respect to the fraternity house or to
the members thereof.
Article 5. The Executive Commit-
tee of the Interfraternity Council
shall have jurisdiction over all
alleged offenses of any or all of these
articles, and the said Executive Com-
mittee shall be empowered to levy a
fine against the offending fraternity
of not more than $50.00 nor less than
$25.00 for each offense.

Russians Stall
German Drive
On Sevastapo!
Resist Constant Battering
Of Nazis On Soviet's
Last Black Sea Port
Still Hold Balakava
MOSCOW, June 17.-( )--The
fortifications of Sevastopol and his-
toric, battered Balaklava presented
an unbending defense tonight to the
repeated attacks of Germany's great-
est offensive against the last Russian
ports to stand guard on the western
Black Sea.
Front line dispatches described six
Nazi assaults against an important
highway on the upper approaches
to the Sevastopol Naval Base andt
five others against the southern de-
fenses, and said the fury of the Ger-
man attacks exceeded that of last!
November and December.f
However, the Russians said theyt
still held the highway and remaineds
in possession of Balaklava, the fish-
ing port seven and a half miles south
of Sevastopol where the British light
brigade made its storied charge in
1854. .
The Germans continued fierce as-1
saults on the Sevastopol lines onI
Wednesday, the Russian midnight1
communique stated, but the Red Ar-i
my held firm and repulsed the at-,
tacks.,
On other sectors of the front, no1
essential change took place, the
communique said. It noted that in
fighting on the Kharkov front the
Russians destroyed 15 German tanks;
and "up to 1,500 German soldiers
and officers."
(The German High Command, re-
porting "bitter resistance and diffi-
culties of terrain" at Sevastopol, said
the Germans and Rumanians on that
front had stormed the important1
"Fort Siberia" Wednesday morning;
and had extended other breaches in1
the fortified lines about the naval1
base.)
In the Ukraine, the second battle
of Kharkov appeared to have turned
in the Russian favor. The Germans
were reported lagging in the attack?
and falling back
SelfmGoverning
Girl 'Citizens'
To :meet Today
More than 225 girls from every1
part of the state of Michigan will
arrive in Ann Arbor today for a full
week of experience in communal liv-t
ing and self government.
The seconfd annual Wolverine Girls'1
State-an organization designed to1
develop leadership in outstanding
girl 'citizens' of high school age-will
begin a complete program guided by
Universty instructors and making
use; of many University facilities.
Living in Mosher Hall, the girls
will publish their own newspaper.
compete in a photography contest
and participate' in musical, art and
athletic programs.
Sponsored by the American League
Auxiliary, the group will follow a
full, variegated schedule for the
seven days they are here, electing
their own officers, studying home
economics, and giving a good share
of their time to recreation and en-
tertainment.

Tank Strength Shortage
Hampers British Army
In Defense Of Tobruk
RA F's Bombings
Take Heavy Tolls
CAIRO, June 17.-(P)-Depletion
of British tank strength-principally
the 28-ton Michigan-made "General
Grant" tanks-was the principal
factor in today's smashing Nazi tank
assaults with superior forces south-
east of Tobruk. in an ineffectual at-
tempt to isolate that stalwart British
seaport garrison from additional land
supplies. 0
British Heartened
British defenders of the Eighth
Army were buoyed up in the hope
that a much-battered convoy from
the east, which fought off an Axis
naval assault several days ago, will
land armament supplies at Tobruk,
including new tanks needed for a
counter-attack before Axis columns
can press their present advantage to
the limit.
The Michigan-made British tanks
were the bulwark of the defending
forces' strength, but weeks of day
and night action had depleted this
battle arm. Reserve tanks now in
action are. no match for the heavy
"mark fours" of the German African
Corps.
With RAF fighter-bombers alone
destroying ten of thirty German
tanks thrusting toward Sidi Rezegh,
25 miles southeast of Tobruk, the
Eighth Army's command announced
the first attack had been broken up.
British At Acroma,
The British forces at Acroma, 20
miles southwest of Tobruk, repulsed
another Axis attack, and today the
Imperial forces still were holding all
the important 'fixed positions in a
semi-circle west, south and southeast
of the Tobruk perimeter. Their line
was anchored on the west at Acroma,
dipped southward through El Adem
and veered east to Sidi Rezegh,
which is but 50 miles from the Egyp-
tian border.
Reinforced Axis forces were massed
about El Adem, however, apparently
taking on ammunition and supplies
for another jab eastward. This force,
it was conceded, presented a serious
threat to the British land communi-
cations with Tobruk. There already
was new fighting of a fierce nature
between tanks and motorized infan-
try between El Adem and Sidi Re-
zegh.
All British forces from west of
Acroma now have been withdrawn.
DoilyT ryouts
Any student interested in work-
ing on any staff of The Daily this
summer is invited to attend a try-
out meeting at 4:30 pm. today in
the conference room of the Stu-
Publications Building, 420 May-
nard.
Previous 'experience is not an"
absolute prerequisite, but those
with publications training are par-
ticularly urged to attend.

Haber Named
To Manpower
Division Post

PROF. WILLIAM HABER
. * *
Special to The Daily
WASHINGTON, June 17. - Dr.
William Haber, University of Michi-
gan economics professor, was named
today to the Manpower Commission's
professional and. technical -employ-
ment and training division..
A social security expert, Dr. Haber
has been here in Washington 'since
February working under Harold D.
Smith in the Bureau of the Budget.
Edward C. Elliott, president of Pur-
due University, was appointed head
of the division by Paul V. McNutt,
Commission chairman, along with the
following other selections:
Dr. Leonard Carmichael, Tufts Col-
lege president;
Robert C. Weaver, of Washington,
chief of the Negro manpower serv-
ice;
Will W. Alexander, chief of minor-
ity groups service.
Under the division's direction will
be the engineering, scientific and
management training program con-
ducted in more than 200 colleges and
universities through the U.S. Office
of Feucation.
Inveterate Tire Saver
Adds To Rubber Drive
ANTIGO, Wis., June 17. =(/P)-
Frank Neigenfind, Langlade County
farmer, stopped at a filling station
here and started to toss off old tires
from his truck.
He kept on tossing, while the at-
tendant watched in amazement, un-
til the pile towered as high as the
station roof. When he stopped he
had unloaded more than 500 tires-
an estimated two and one-half tons
-for the scrap rubber drive.
Neigenfind said he had bought the
tires over a period of years to be
cut up and burned in pans when
boiling sap to make maple syrup in
I his sugar bush. He plans to burn
wood next year.

Four-Motored Liberators
Score Bullseyes On Two
Fascist Dreadnaughts
Germany Claims
SinkingsOf British
LONDON, June 17.-(A)-Newly-
graduated United States Army air-
men, led by a Hoosier veteran of the
commercial airways, scored 35 bulls-
eye bomb hits on two Italian battle-
ships as a major contribution to the
American and RAF aerial' exploits
which enabled convoys to run the
Mediterranean gantlet to Tobruk and
Malta this week, it was disclosed to-
day.
In this first American air opera-
tidn in the Mediterranean war, the
four-motored Consolidated Liber-
ators coasted down with the sun at
their backs so quietly that the Ital-
ians did not know they were there
until the bombs were neatly dropped,
The Americans also contributed
with the RAF to sinking a 10,000-
ton Italian cruiser and two destroy-
ers and damaging two cruisers 'and
two destroyers, British accounts said.
For good measure, the RAF an-
nounced that its torpedo planes fol-
lowed up Monday morning's defeat
of the heavy Italian naval squadron
by penetrating a smoke screen and
torpedoing one of the wounded bat-
tleships Monday night as the thwart-
ed Fascists fled back toward their
home base.
Italian Navy
The Italian Navy never got into
contact with the Tobruk-bound con
voy which had been its objective,
reliable London sources said.
With 20 bomb hits on one battle-
ship and 15 on the other, plus a tor-
pedo wound in one, experts said the
two would be laid up at least four
or five mnonths for repairs.
It was officially stated in London
that both convoys got through with
needed supplies but the cost was
conceded to be "considerable," be-
cause of violent German and Italian
air attacks.
No Tabulation
No tabulation of convoy losses was
given, but one source said it was be-
lieved that the British lost- no war-
ship larger than a destroyer and
that four merchant ships were sunk
or damaged.
The combined German-Italian
claims in the four-day running fight
added up to 53 ships sunk or dam-
aged-a figure that the British Ad-,
miralty scornfully dismissed as "Fas-
fistic.
Besides the Axis naval losses, the
RAFsannounced that 14 Axis planes
were shot down at sea on Monday
alone and many others probably nev-
er reached their bases, so badly were
they hit.
Reached Malta
The convoy which reached Malta
(and which apparently suffered the
heaviest of the Axis attacks) was
shepherded the final 300 miles by re-
lays of RAF fighters which sallied
out from Malta continuously from
Sunday night until the convoy ar-
rival Monday night.
Nothing was said in London to
confirm speculation that United
States warships might have been I
the convoys. The Consolidated Lib-
erators were the only American
fighting forces specifically mentioned
as participating.
Germans Claim
Sinkings Of British
BERLIN (from German broad-
casts) June 17.-()-The German
Radio indicated tonight that the
British Navy had lost four warships
in the air-sea battle in the Western
Mediterranean and that 18 ships car-
rying dead and wounded men had

reached Gibraltar this morning,
The radio, broadcasting a DNB
dispatch from Madrid, said 22 war-
ships left the British base last Thurs-
day night. One of the cruisers which
returned was said to be in a sinking
condition.
Among the ships reported arriving
were the battleship Malaya, and the
aircraft carriers Eagle and Argus.
The Eagle was said to have been
damaged.

J. S. Airmen Blast Italian
Battleships With 35 Hits;
Nazis Repulsed In ibya

Heroic Crew Fights Desperately To Save Lexington

(This is another in the series of sto-
ries supplied to the Associated Press by
the Chicago Tribune whose foreign cor-
respondent, Stanley Johnston, was the
only American newspaperman aboard
the aircraft carrier 16exington n the
Coral Sea battle. In his preceding sto-
ries Johnston recounted preliminary
movements of the American fleet, the
air raid on Jap ships in Tulagi Harbor.
the sinking of an enemy aircraft car-
rier and the attack on the Lexington.
This story details the last hours of the
battered Lexington.)
By STANLEY JOHNSTON
(Copyright 1942 by The Chicago Tribune)
CHICAGO. June 17.-This is the
story of the Lexington's last hour.
It is the story of a crew, smashed
and blitzed from the air by an over-
whelming enemy force, that rose to
a second desperate fight when at-
tacked from within by natural ene-
mies that fed upon the fuels and
stores within the great, valiant air-
craft carrier.
The fight to save the Lexington
began as soon as the attack upon her
had ceased that morning of last May

port (left) side along the water line
and below it. One heavy bomb, prob-
ably a Japanese 1,000 pounder, had
hit the ship's rail on the forward
flight deck and on the port forward
5 inch gun position. Another lighter
bomb had ripped holes in her smoke-
stack and killed with its splinters
several men of an anti-aircraft ma-
chine gun crew stationed there.
In addition to these direct hits by
torpedoes and bombs, the Lexington
also had been damaged to some ex-
tent by scpres of near misses by
Japanese dive bombers. The heavy
bombs, exploding in the water at dis-
tances of 100 feet to 10 feet from the
carrier's sides. had rocked her and
possibly had sprung certain side
plates.
She had taken, in the swift air
battle, a six degree list to the port
side as water poured through the
torpedo holes.
The torpedoes and bombs had damr=
aged three fire rooms of the Lexing-

dive bomber had flown away Com-
mander H. R. (Pop) Healy had tele-.
phoned to the bridge to tell Capt.
Fred Sherman, the Lexington's skip-
per (and since promoted to Rear
Admiral: "We've got the torpedo
damage temporarily shored up, the
fires out and soon will have the ship
back on an even keel. But I would
suggest sir, that if you have to take
any more torpedoes you take 'em on
the starboard (right) side."
The routine of a carrier in dan-
gerous waters was going on. Com-
mander Healy was overseeing the
pumping of fuel oils from port stor-
age tanks into empty tanks on the
starboard side, and the list was taken
off the ship and its flight deck. As
soon as this was done our fighting
planes, which had been in the air
for durations ranging from one to
three hours each, began coming back
on board.
The first one in was a scout bomb-

plane were picked up, unharmed by
the accident.
Now many planes of all types be-
gan returning from the attack on
the Jap fleet. So normal was the
Lexington's appearance that many of
them did not know she had been in
a fight until they were on the deck'
and saw the bomb splinter scrat-
ches.
At 12:45 p.m. there was a heavy.
dull explosion 'inside the hull. I was
standing on the flight deck and my
knees buckled as the ship shook. Go-
ing below with damage parties I found
that the blast had come from deep
within, and had twisted heavy, steel,
watertight doors from their hinges.
Fires at a number of points in the
opened holds were burning fiercely,
These were being fed fresh air
through bent and twisted scuttles
that had given way along with the
watertight compartment doors. A
scuttle is a thick steel hatch which
closes off entrances between decks.

had thrown Commander Arthur J.
White, the ship's surgeon, through
one of his hospital doors, breaking
his collarbone and one ankle.
The second explosion camecabout
25 minutes after the first. It was
the beginning of a series that ulti-
mately came at intervals of a few
seconds.
After the third and fourth explo-
sions the navigator reported that the
steering apparatus for the Lexington,.
which had functioned perfectly in
the battle and up to that time,
had failed, This failure was due
to the loss - of electric power for
the bridge control. Men were sta-
tioned at the "trick wheel"-an aux-
iliary wheel situated deep inside the
ship where it was operated by hand.
But the greatest difficulty for the
navigators was the loss of electrical
communications systems to pass their
orders to the wheelsmen.
When the fires destroyed these sys-
tems a line of men was formed along

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