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August 07, 1942 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1942-08-07

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Weather
Scattered Showers Tonight

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Editorial

I

What Happened To
Equality Of Sacrifice?'

, . S j

Y A IY M I®I 9

I

VOL. LII No. 38-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, AUGUST 7, 1942

2:15 A.M. FINAL

FDR Appoints
New Agency
To Invstigate
RubbTer Tiemup
Bernard Baruch Selected
Chairman Of Group;
Conant, Compton Also
AppointedMembers
President Vetoes
Congressional Bill
By RICHARD L. TURNER
Associated Press Staff Writer
WASHINGTON, Aug. 6.-President
Roosevelt today appointed a com-
mittee headed ly Bernard M. Baruch
to "get the facts" on the confused
and much-disputed rubber situation.
He instructed it to make a thorough
survey and to submit, as quickly as
possible, a report which is to become
the basis for action on the manufac-
ture of synthetic rubber and the
question of nation-wide gasoline ra-
tioning.
The Chief Executive made this
announcement in a message to Con-
gress vetoing a bill, pushed through
by the farm bloc, under which an
WASHINGTON, Aug. 6-()-
Chairman Truman (D-Mo.) of the
Senate Defense Investigating Com-
mittee proposed today that Donald
M. Nelson exercise his authority a
Director of the War Production
Board to "out off a few heads and
*make that board work more effi-
ciently."
His remark was made during a.
hearing on the shortage of steel
and the system, of allocations for
ships and other kar purposes.
independent rubber supply agency
would have been created and directed
to provide an adequate supply of
rubber, using synthetics made with
alcohol produced from farm and
forestry products.
Establishing such an agency, the
President said, would have infringed
the ~i iciple ~ountiiedcontrol of the
war production program, and would
have used up critical materials in
building synthetic rubber plants, re-
gardless of the needs of the Army
and Navy, until civilian motorists,
including "Joy riders," had received
an adequate supply of tires.
In naming Baruch to the chair-
manship of the committee, Mr.
Roosevelt drafted the services of an
old friend and intimate advisor, as
well as of one who is versed in war-
time industrial problems. Baruch
was chairman of the War Industries
Board in the World War. The other
members of the committee were an-
nouncel as Dr. James B. Conant,
president of Harvard University, and
Dr. Karl F. Compton, president of
Massachusetts Institute of Tech-
nology.
Dutch ' W arned
Against Aiding
Second Front
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Aug. 6.-A "most urgent
warning" that those Dutch who aid
landing parties or as much as show
themselves on the streets in event of
an allied invasion will be given a
blood bath was sounded by German

military authorities in the Nether-
lands today.
'The stern proclamation of (Gen.
Friedrich Christiansen, Nazi com-
mander, was read over the Nether-
lands radio as informed British sour-
ces, deeply impressed by the gravity
of the situation in Southern Russia,
asserted they were "working zealous-
ly" with -the United States on prep-
arations for an ultimate continental
front while seeking means to increase
immediate material aid to the Red
Army.
The German counter-preparations
to the second front threat came less
than 12 hours after Premier Pieter
S. Gerbrady of the Dutch govern-
ment here, in a broadcast to his
homeland, had urged the people to
wait patiently until the call came
from London to take "an active part
in the destruction of the tyrant."
It also came a few days after it was
announced that Prince. Bernhard,
husband of the Crown Princess, was
preparing to "return to the Nether-
lands" presumably in his capacity as

NLRB Upholds Charges
Of UA WAgainst Broach

Condemns Company For Unfair Labor
Resulting In Decreased Output Of War

Practices
Goods

By ROBERT PREISKEL
Charges filed two months ago by
the UAW-CIO that unfair labor
practices resulted in a large drop
in the production of war materials
at the American Broach & Ma-
chine Co., were upheld yesterday
by William R. Ringer, trial exam-
iner of the NLRB in a decision
condemning the Broach company
for descrimination, intimidation
and company unionism.
According to Ringer, "Implicit
throughout the hearing was the
contention of the respondent that
the organizational campaign of
the Union caused a slump in the
production of vital war materials,
and that the Board, by issuing the
complaint and conducting the
hearing increased the .unsettled
conditions in the respondent's
plant. On the findings heretofore
made, it is clear that the slump in
production was caused by the re-
spondent's attempt. to defeat the
Union. What the situation would
have been if the respondent had
accorded its employes their rights
under the law is speculative, but
it is clear that when the resphnded
interfered, assisted, and discrimin-
ated, as found hereinabove, an at-
mosphere of uncertainty, fear and
resen'tment immediately and inev-
itably resulted in lessened produc-
tion."
On April 29, The Daily reported
a statement by James Morgan, in-
ternational representative of the

UAW-CIO asserting that the in-
timidation and descrimination at.
American Broach "had cut pro-
duction 50%". At that time Mr. F.
J. La Pointe refused to comment.
Last night he said that he had
heard nothing about the NLRB de-
cision.
The NLRB recommended to the
company that it shall:
1. Cease and desist from domin-
ating and interfering with the ad-
ministration of the Broach Pro-
tective Association (independent
union formerly. representing em-
ployes), from interfering with the
formation of any other labor or-
ganization, and from contributing
to the support of any such organi-
zation;
2. Cease recognizing the Protec-'
tive Association as representing
the employes.
3. Cease from discouraging
membership in the UAW and en-
couraging membership in the Pro-
te>tive Association.
4. Cease interfering with any
other employes in their rights to
organize and to bargain collective-
ly through representatives of their
own choosing.
5. Pay to six men fired for dis-
criminatory reasons, net earnings
lost because of the discriminatory
action.
The six men are Alfred Eckerle,
Walter Butler, Albert Shipman,
Ivan L. Boner, Orville Nowlin and
Max Tobias.-

I IIOI IIIIYI gY Ylli 1®Yli

C. Of C. Head
Asks Congress
For Sales fTax
Sthieffelin Demands Bill
Be Passed Even Though
Fall Elections Delay It
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Aug. 6.-The Sen-
ate Finance Committee was, chal-
lenged today by W. J. Schielfelin,
Jr., representing the Chamber of
Commerce ..of New York state, to
write a "stunning" new revenue bill
incorporating a retail sales tax even
if it had to wait until after the
November election to do it. f
Recommending a graduated levy
ranging from 2 to 5 per cent on the
sales of all articles, Schieffelin told
the committee:
Election Miasma
"If election miasma makes such a
bill impossible within the next few
weeks, please stand up and tell the
country so and tell them that in!
November you will pass the stunning
bill demanded by the times to whip
the enemy and to keep our money
good."
The witness asserted that the tax
program submitted by Secretary of
the Treasury Morgenthau apparently
was designed to "shield the majority
of voters from bearing a greater
share of the country's burdens."
A flat limitation on the pfofits
from war production was proposed
by Chairman George (Dem.-Ga.)
after businessmen had complained to
the committee that renegotiation of
their contracts with the government
was causing confusion and excessive
taxation.
Brown Makes Suggestion
Senator Brown (Dem.-Mich.) pro-
posed in a formal statement today
that arrangements be made in the
new revenue bill to defer tax pay-
ments for persons and corporations
in debt by the amounts they paid
on these debts.
Brown said low interest rates might
be charged on the amount of taxes
thus deferred, but he contended that
levies eventually must be collected
by the government to avoid inequi-
ties with taxpayers not in debt.
CIO Committee
Urges Willow Run
HousingApproval
WASHINGTON, Aug. 6.-P)-The
housing committee of the Congress
of Industrial Organizations urged
the war production board today to
approve construction of houses at

Two Saved
In Sagmnaw
BayMishap
Couple Found On Small
Island; Rescue Total
Has Reached Four
By The Associated Press .
BAY CITY, MICH., Aug. 6.-(I-
Coast Guard rescue of two more sur-
yivors today wrote a final amazing
chapter to the tragic adventure of 13
persons whose fishing cruiser cap-
sized in Saginaw Bay last Sunday.
Eugene Sauve, 27, of Kawkawlin,
and his 21-year-old wife, Fern, were
taken from Lone Tree Island, four
miles off Sebewaing, today, and
brought to a Bays City hospital.
They were the third and fourth
persons from the ill-fated cruiser to
weach shore safely. Bodies of the
other nine aboard the boat have been
recovered from the bay.
Previously rescued were Abraham
La Bean, 32-year-old Bay City wel-
der who spent 73%/2 hours in the wa-
ter before Coast Guards found him
yesterday, and Mrs. Dorothy Repkie,
23, who swam seven miles to shore
Sunday after the 30-foot cruiser
struck a rocky reef. ,
In a Standish, Mich., hospital to-
day, La Bean told how part of the
torn superstructure of the boat
helped him keep afloat and how
"thoughts of my wife and my young-
sters kept me going."
When Coast Guards picked him up
he had only a life jacket to sustain
him. He didn't know when he lost his
plywood raft,
Pilot Describes
Wake Air Raid
Flying Fortress Destroys
Four Jap Defenders
From Associated Press Summaries
HEADQUARTERS, HAWAIIAN'
AIR FORCE, Aug. 6-A sky battle
three to five miles above Japanesel
held Wake Island during which an
American Flying Fortress definitely
destroyed four out of six attacking
Japanese fighter-planes, was de-
scribed today by Major George B.
Glober.
The 40-minute engagement took
place last weekend.
The fifth plane was reported prob-
GENERAL MACARTH.UR'S
HEADQUARTERS, Australia, Aug.
7 (Friday) .-Japanese occupation
of the islands of Kei, Aru and Tan--
imbar in the Arafura sea north of
Australia has been disclosed by

An Editorial
Ann Arbor-long one of the worst
open-shop towns in the nation
and still no picnic ground for a
labor union-has at last received
its first stiff dose of industrial
democracy. At the same time the
American Broac and Machine
Company has discovered that it
can no longer continue to deliber-
ately hold up essential war pro-
duction merely because it does
not choose to treat its workers
like decent American citizens.
The NLRB decision confirming
every CIO charge of discrimina-
tion and delayed production is as
good news as a military victory.
It means more guns for our sol-
diers and more democracy for our
war workers. We compliment the
NLRB on its excellent verdict and
we urge the CIO to vigorously
continue its local organizational
drive. Both the verdict and the
drive are long overdue.
- Homer Swander
Gandhi To Ask
For Settlement
Of Indiani Rule
Hindu Leader Will Plead
With British For New,
Freer Colonial Policy
India Threatens
'Mass Movement'
By The Associated Press
BOMBAY, Aug. 6.-Mohandas' K.
Gandhi declared tonight he would
plead with the British once more for
avoidance of conflict before begin-
ningt a "mass movement" to drive
British rule from India.
He said he would address his plea
to Viceroy Lord Linlithgow.
The nationalist leader made his
statement to American newsmen on
the eve of the opening here of the
All-India Congress committee ses-
sion from which he is certain to ob-
tain authorization for any course of
disobedience.
Meanwhile, Maulana Abul Kalan
Azad, president of the All-India Con-
gress Party, was reported to be draft-
ing letters to President Roosevelt,
Ggneralissimo Chiang Kai-Shek and
other Allied leaders asking support
for the Congress' demand for free-
dom and emphasizing that the Con-
gress was prepared to offer armed
resistance to aggressors.
The working committee charged
with drafting a resolution which all
sources agreed will undoubtedly be
ratified by the Congress made it
plain that the new "mass struggle"
will seek India's immediate inde-
pendence, despite British assertions
that "chaos and confusion" are
bound to follow any attempt to re-
organize the government in wartime.
"The committee feels that it is no
longer justified in holding the nation
back from endeavoring to assert its
will," the resolution said. It called
upon Mohandas K. Gandhi to lead
the campaign "on the widest possible
scale."
Queen Wilhelmina Sets
Eleanor-Like Record
WASHINGTON, Aug. 6-(I)-
When Queen Wilhelmina of the
Netherlands finally put her royal
head on her pillow at the White
House tonight, she could say
"Whew, what a day," conscious
that she followed through on a .

heavy program that ranged from
tulip discussions to commissioning
a new submarine chaser.
The 61-year-old monarch, the
world's senior ruler, was the first
Queen to address Congress, to hold
a press conference here. Aboard
the Presidential yacht, she went
with the President and' Mrs.
Roosevelt to Mount Vernon where
she .visited George Washington's
home.

OBERLEUTNANT KRUG and MAX STEPHAN
* * * *
By PAUL CHANDLER
Associated Press Staff Writer
DETROIT, Aug. 6.-German-born Max Stephan must die for treason
against the United States, despite his boast that "Germany will not let me
hang."
He will be hanged within the red brick walls of the Federal Correctional
Institution at Milan, Mich., on the morning of Friday, Nov. 13, 1942, Federal
Judge Arthur J. Tuttle decreed today.
His crime was the assistance he gave an escaped Nazi prisoner of war
who visited Detroit April 18 while trying to flee from Canada to his father-
land. The prisoner, Lieut. Hans Peter Krug, was captured in San Antonio,
Tex., and testified at Stephan's trial for the government.
"Stephan never lost his love for Germany," Judge Tuttle told a packed
courtroom.
Weary, pale, wearing the same wrinkled gray suit he wore during the
trial At which he was convicted by a jury July 2, the heavy-set restaurant
owner stared blankly as his sentence '

a
y

'Traitor'Stephan To Die
-Boasts 'I Won't Hang'

Reds Seize
Better Line
Of Defense
Win Favorable Position
In Battle Of Don Bend
To Protect Stalingrad
Russians Continue
Caucasian Retreat
By The Associated Press
MOSCOW, Aug. 7. (Friday)-The
Russians officially reported today
their capture of an "advantageous
defense line" in the Don bend battle
for Stalingrad but simultaneously
acknowledged that their hard-
pressed soldiers had withdrawn to
new defense positions in the Cdu-
casus.
The Soviet midnight communique
reported that a Qerman attempt to
land soldiers from planes behind the
Russian lines in the Belaya Glina
sector 100 miles southeast of Rostov
was defeated by Russian troops, who
annihilated or captured the flying in-
vaders.

was read.
His wife, a iose-complexioned wo-
man in a pale dress, crushed her
head into her arms and left the
jammed courtroom.
Outside she wept bitterly, and then
fainted.
Several hundred men and women
heard the verdict in startled silence.
It was- the first such conviction in
a Federal court in 148 years since the
Whiskey Insurrection against taxes:
on liquor occurred in Pennsylvania.
John Brown, the abolitionist, who
raided the Federal Arsenal at Har-
A short time after Stephan had
been taken back to Milan, John
W. Ingram, Deputy United States
Marshal, who was ;guarding him,
quoted him as saying:
"I'll bet all the tea in China I
won't hang."
per's Ferry before the Civil War was
convicted and hanged for treason,
-but it was in a Virginia state court.
"The life of this traitor, Max
Stephan, is less valuable than the
lives of our loyal sons which are be-
ing given to the cause of the United
States, Judge Tuttle said in a husky
voice, visibly wrought.
"This court does not hesitate to
take the life of one traitor, if it, in
turn, will help the just cause of the
United States.
"This court should, in no hesitat-
ing and uncertain way, say to the
disloyalelement that during this aw-
ful war the penalty for treason is
death."
Then the judge ordered that
Stephan be confined in a cell at Mi-
lan until Nov. 13, "and on that day,
within the walls of the Federal Cor-
rectional Institution or within an
enclosed yard thereof, the said de-
fendant be by the United States
Marshal hanged by the neck until
he, the said Max Stephan, is dead."
Until the last Stephan apparently.
did not expect the death sentence.
In his cell, puffing a cigar, he called
out: "Victory will be sure. Germany
will not let me hang."
And at another time he said: "This
war will be over soon and when it is
over I will get out of jail. A victor-
ious Germany will not leave Stephan
in jail."

Labor Board
'Coudemned'
By UAW Vote,
Refusal To Effect Wage
S t a b i liz aton .Measure
Of President Decried

By The Associated Press
CHICAGO, August 6.-(W)-The'
united automobile, aircraft and agri-
cultural implement workers unani-
mously passed today a resolution
condemning the National War Labor
Board "for its refusal to effect a wage
stabilization program as announced
by President Roosevelt."
Delegates adopted the measure'
after their president, R. J. Thomas,
a member of the War Labor Board,
urged its passage and explained he
had voted against the Board's deci-
sion in the little steel-. case which
gave the CIO-United Steelworkers
a 44 cents a day pay raise and union
maintenance, whereas thedsteel-
workers had asked $1 a day in-
crease.
The resolution, asserted the War
Labor Board, "has fallen victim to a
fallacious theory that wage stabiliza-
tion would lead to an inflationary
tendency." In it the UAW-CIO "de-
manded" that the Board and other
government agencies concerned with
wage adjustments guarantee raising
of sub-standard wages, elimination
of inequities in wage levels on a plant,
regional and national basis, and ad-
justment of wages "to safeguard
workers against loss of the estab-
lished real wage fevels through in-
creased living costs ."
By a standing vote the convention
approved addition of two vice presi-
dents to the union's executive staff,
now including only the president,
secretary-treasurer and executive
board members. Five vice presiden-
cies were abolished in 1939 after an
internal union row which finally
brought the end of the reign of
Homer Martin as president.
Union spokesmen indicated candi-
dates for the new vice-presidencies
in the elections scheduled 'tomorrow
probably would include executive
board members Richard T. Franken-
steen and Walter Reuther, long-time
leaders of the UAW.
Resolutions adopted included call-
ing on Attorney General Francis
Biddle to severse his "arbitrary and
unfounded" order for deportation of
Harry Bridges, west coast CIO lea-
der,
Green Waits AFL
Approval Of Amity
CHICAGO, Aug. 6.-(P)-President

Berlin Claims iAdvance
(The Berlin radio reported early
Friday that a German column had
reached Kursavka, indicating an ad-
vance of 230 miles from Rostov in
ten days. Kursavka is on the Rostov-
Baku railroad.)
The communique told of fierce bat-
tles in the Kletskaya sector some 75
miles northwest of Stalingrad.
"South of Kletskaya one of our
units in cooperation with tanks
pressed back the enemy and captured
an advantageous defense line," the
communique declared. "Prisoners
were taken."
The withdrawals of the battered
Russian soldiers were in several sec-
tors of the Belaya Glina battle and in
the Kotelnikovski fighting.
In each instance, it was reported,
the Russians fell back before the
German tanks, motorized infantry
and massed troops.
Germans Drive Wedge
The Russians reported that a
wedge was driven by the Germans In
the Kotelnikovski battle, some 95
miles southwest of Stalingrad on the
Stalingrad-North Caucasus rail line.
Soviet soldiers bolstered with re-
serves were reported holding the
Germans in the western Caucasus
south of Kushchevka, which is sdlne
50 miles below Rostov. -
Here the Russians said they beat
off enemy attacks and several times
penetrated the German lines and in-
flicted s vere losses on them.
The Russian mid-day communique
and frontline dispatches yesterday
declared the Soviet troops were in- %
flicting heavy casualties on the Ger-
mans incessantly attacking toward
Stalingrad.
Circus Blaze
Suspect Held
By The Associated Press
PITTSBURGH, Aug.'6.-District
Attorney Russell H. Adams reported
today a 16-year-old Pittsburgh Ne
gro had told him he and a companion
started the fire which destroyed 42
animals of the Ringling Brothers
Circus at Cleveland Tuesday.
Adams said the boy, whom he iden-
tified as Lemandris Ford, explain'ed
they tossed lighted cigarettes into
hay in the menagerie tent "to get
even with circus" for discharging
them as roustabouts. The two, Ad-
ams said, were hired here by the
circus July 26 and were dismissed at
Cleveland for being absent from
work.
Adams said Ford related:
"We puffed on the cigarettes until
they got a good light. The other fel-
low shot his cigarette into the straw.
I hesitated but he persuaded me to 3
do the same and threatened me with
a knife if I didn't."
When the menagerie tent burst
into flames and smoke, the youths
fled. Later they 'returned to the
scene, Adams said, adding that Ford
told him:
"I felt pretty sorry when I saw all
those dead animals lying around."
The district attorney reported
Pennsylvania railroad detectives ar-
rested Ford in nearby Duquesne for
riding a freight train. He was held
for Cleveland detectives. His com.
panion was sought by police.

Sellars Says U.S. Must Change
Ideology For Complete Victory

America must redefine and think
through its democracy, must bring
its ideology up to date if we are to
have a spiritual victory over the Axis
powers as well as a conquest by arms,
Prof. Roy Sellars of the Philosophy
department declared yesterday.
In a University lecture, Prof. Sellars
said "to convince the peoples of the

economic and social aspects of the
kind of society in which they live.
"We have lived too simply, too con-
fident that time would take care
of everything. It took the great
hammer blows of the depression to
let us know that we had lagged in
our feeling for democracy and our
understanding of new problems.

ON-"

7

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