THE MICHIGAN DAILY FRIAY YUY1, 19s
c i e i.rl i ttrt tti1
By DREW PEARSON
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
The Summer Daily is published every morning except
Monday and Tuesday.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the'
use for republication of all news dispatches, credited to
it or otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights,
of republication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, a
second-class mail matter.
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AREPRESENTSO FOR NATIONAL ADVERTISING BY
National Advertisiig Service, Inc.
College Publisbers Representative,
42 MADisON Ave. *w YORK. N. Y.
(tIIICAG*" - UbSTON - LOS ANOELEt - SAl rRANCISCO'
Me nber, Associated Collegiate Press, 1941-42
Acier Swander . . . . . Managing Editor
Will Sapp . .. . City Editor
Mike Dann . . . . . . Sports Editor
Hale Champion, John Erlewine, Robert Mantho,
Irving Jaffe, Robert Preistcl
Edward Perlberg . . . . Business Manager
Fr HM. Olnsberg . . Associate Business Manager
Morton Hunter . . . . Publications Manager
NIGHT EDITOR: ROBERT MANTHO
WASHINGTON-To appreciate the difficulty
of establishing a second front in Europe, it is
necessary to understand the mental fears of the,
man who has to make the main decision for
Important background fact is that for years
Winston Churchill has been haunted by the
memories of Gallipoli, the disastrous second
front to aid Russia in the last war.
For years, when Churchill appeared at politi-
cal gatherings women would fling the derisive
word "Gallipoli" at him. Sometimes Britain's
eqjuivalent of the Gold Star Mothers even stood
dressed in black, picketing the functions which
he visited, reminding him of the thousands of
British boys lost at the base of Gallipoli's cliffs.
Events leading up to Gallipoli were similar to
those of today. In 1915,'Russia was fighting a
losing war. If she did not get help, Germany
seemed sure to knock her out, after which the
Kaiser could concentrate all,.his forces on the
Churchill, then First Lord of the Admiralty,
led the impatient minority in the British cabinet
which demanded action immediately. So an
army was sent to take the Dardanelles from
Turkey, then use the Black Sea to reach Russia.
After nine months of terrific losses, the Brit-
ish withdrew. Gallipoli was chalked up as one
of the worst defeats in British history and a
scar was left on the mind of Winston Churchill
which ppwerfully affects his war decisions today.
Churchill And Tobruk Y
It is no secret that Churchill never has been
enthusiastic over a second front; always hoped
that the North African front might develop
as a stepping stone into Italy.
But since the fall of Tobruk, Churchill is re-
ported to be even more worried. Churchill started
to Washington on his latest trip before Tobruk
was in real danger. When he got the news of
Tob uk's fall, friends say he wept. To him it
was e most tragic blow of the war. And To-
bruk's effect upon him when it now comes to
planning a seond front is readily imaginable.
In addition to these understandable psycho-
logical factors are inescapable military handi-
caps: the fact that the French coast bristles
with fortifications and guns removed from the
Maginot Line: the fact that the Nazis were not
able to invade England when England was much
less prepared; the difficulty of shipping men
and supplies to England from the U.S. and
then across the Channel; the 600,000 Nailis de-
fending West Europe's shores-in addition to
the Nazi pool of 1,500,000 men in Germany ready
to be shifted either to the English Channel or
Russia, wherever needed.
Bristling Nazi Defenses,
The lines of fortifications along the French
coast ,for instance, are in four waves:
2-The Ragged Line, a system of traps and
concealed artillery which extends in jagged
formation back from the coast,
1---The big guns of the shore batteries.
3--A new "Siegfried" line of machine gun
4-A revamped Maginot Line.
This is, what the Allied armies are up against
in establishing a second front now. And yet, if
that front is -delayed, we face the possibility
that by next year Russia will be virtually elim-
inated. Then not merely 600,000 Nazis, but
3,500,000 will be waiting across the English
Channel ready for the long-planned invasion
That is why the decisions involving a second
front are so difficult to make.
Cautious Cordell Hull and forthright Elmer
Davis, staged a backstage sparring contest the
other day which almost developed into a major
row. It was over the highly controversial ques-
tion of publishing diplomatic news, regarding
which the State Department wants to maintain
A State Department aide prepared a letter
which was signed by Secretary Hull and ad-
dressed to War Information Czar Davis. The
letter stated that since Mr. Davis was in charge
of war information, the State Department would
retain control of foreign affairs information.
In reply, Elmer Davis wrote the Secretary of
State asking when it was that foreign relations
had become divorced from the war.
Secretary Hull, who was born of Tennessee
mountaineer stock and once enjoyed a reputa-
tion for verbal feuding, was about to repily with
a hot letter, when one of his aides advised that
he and Davis get together personally and
straighten things out instead of hurling a lot of
Mike McDermott, able State Department press
relations chief, tried to cut about 1,000 words
out of Cordell Hull's recent radio speech. But
Hull put them all back in again next morning.
.. Diplomatic advisers thought the speech would
have been better if briefer . . . Justice Frank
Murphy, who has been soldiering in Georgia,
definitely will come back to the Supreme Court
in October. Felix Frankfurter would like to
have him stay in the Army, but Chief Justice
Stone has expressed himself bluntly to friends
that Murphy should'return . . . Walter Winchell
hit it on the button when his piece, "Amercans
We Can Do Without," appeared on the news-
stands simultaneously with the indictment of 28
of these Americans. Incidentally, Winchell
played a big part in accomplishing their indict-
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Capitol Red Tape
Slows War Effort ...
10LUMNISTS and news writers
. Athroughout the nation have taken
another peek over their shoulders and to their
surprise have found that it is not the compla-
cency of the people that is hindering the war
effort. Instead, the finger of accusation is point-
ing directly at that quagmire of red tape-Wash-
The man who has exposed this to public view
in a manner that ha long been needed, is An-
drew J. Higgins, mass production builder of
b ats whose war contract was recently cancelled.
The inefficiency,. bad judgment and general
mismanagement which has been brought to
light by this case has painted a very sorry pic-
ture for the American public.
It must be obious to anyone who rads the
newspapers that there is still much confusion in
Washington. This was to be expected for awhile.
But to have it continue with no sign of lessening
is something which should concern every citizen.
At the Aottom of this reigning confusion is
one fundamental difficulty. Many of our lead-
ers have not grasped the. magnitude of the war.
OUR PLANNING and action has all been car-
ried out in a small scale manner.' Our prep- -
arations for the war show this very clearly. The
much-publicized rubber scandal, the steel short-
age which theatens .to develop into a scandal,
the shipbuilding program which is falling be-
hind; all are evidence of small scale planning.
Tre, most of these mistakes were made in the
pst. Jesse Jones, failing to build up an ade-
quate stockpile of rubber and the steel industry
ladling on the assurance that their facilities
would more than meet the demand; all of this
happened in the past. But those mistakes have
had a tremendous impact upon our war effort.
?ouch more serious, those same men are still in
ppsition to make costly mistakes and are still
making them. .
' HE RESULTING CONFUSION is something
disheartening to behold. Wild talk of victory
by next fall/'still comes from supposedly respon-
stble persons. Plans for issuing civilians tires
for pleasure driving are contradicted by urgent
appeals for more sacrap rubber. Optimistic de-
scriptions of the nation's great shipbuilding
program continue to be matched and exceeded
by staggering ship losses. Contracts for 200
merchant ships are cancelled because of a steel
Shortage. Senators and Representatives, depart-
ment heads and undersecretaries, all are run-
nling back and forth, all are talkig, and the
majority through their hats. Washington is
orne great bewildering mess.
MANY GOOD MEN have bogged dow in that
Sred tape. A few like Higgins have reached
in boldly and, grasping that red tape, exposed
it to the public. A lot want to clear out the de-
bhrn in Washington and really go to work. At
least one Senator is on record as saying that
Congress should forget about the coming elec-
tions and do something constructive for a
change. That is a lot for a Senator.
The power and authority to put our govern-
ment on a truly efficient wartime basis rests in
the hands of our congressmen, for President
Roosevelt appears to have done all that he can
or is going to. However, one thing is certain. A
great number of American men are going to pay
with their lives if this confusion continues.
To THE EDITOR
Protests Nance-C aif ng
To The Editor:
Hale Champion is an able and sin-
cere writer. Pet phrases like "sink-
hole of iniquity," "octopus of big bus-
inessmen . . ."cupidity ..." double-
dealing . . ." flow from his pen with
a fluency and bitterness worthy of
Upton Sinclair. But I fail to see how
they prove his point.
Champion seems to think thatthe
virtue of a column, as opposed to an
editorial, is that you can "call people
stinkers" - and, thereby, convince
your reader that you are a crusader
in armor shining white and that your
opponent is a -- stinker.
$arcasm aside, I have no doubts
that Hale is sincere, but I will not
take it on faith that Big Business is
the monster responsible for our pres-
ent troubles, nor will I take it on
Champion's isolated instances. I
could cite, in reply, cases showing
the graft and greed of thesDemo-
cratic party, of stupidity and blun-
der on the part of our generals and
admirals, and plenty of mistakes and
subterfuges on the part of Mr. Cham-
pion's "great liberal," Franklin Del-
And yet I have somehow enough
naive faith in democracy, and the
individuals who make up that democ-
racy, to feel that President Roosevelt
is a great leader, that the men who
head the Army and Navy are doing
their best to win the war, and will
succeed, in spite of their mistakes,
And I feel also that Eugene Grace is
also doing his best for that common
effort. True, he is drawing 15 per
cent more salary than he was in 1940;
but Bethlehem Steel has surely in-
creased its orders in that time by far
more than 15 per cent.
Champion talks of the evil of "Mr.
Dollar in a country at war." Our
capitalistic system of free enterprise
is set up so that a man will do his
best just for the love of that dollar.
Perhaps the system is wrong, perhaps
it won't work. I believe that, with
governmental regulation, it will work.,
I could be wrong. But, if Champion
believes that a system of free enter-
prise is not fitted to survive, why
doesn't he say so, instead of calling
It boils down to this: Big Business
is no saint.. I never thought I should
be writing a letter to The Daily de-
fending it. But to single it out as the
whipping-boy is unfair; if there's any-
thing fundamentally wrong, it's the
system. And one more point. Cham-
pion may be right. I don't think so;
but whether he is or not, when I
hear him calling people names like
that, I'll always be found on the
other side of the fence.
- Jim Conant, '44
FRIDAY, JULY 31, 1942
VOL. LII No. 33-S
All Notices for the IDaIly Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office'of the
Summer Session before 3:30 p.m. of the
day preceding its publication except on
Saturday, when the notices should be
submitted before 11:30 a.m.
The University Bureau of Appoint-'
ments has received notice of the fol-
lowing State of Michigan Civil Ser-
vice Examinations. Closing dates for
filing applications is noted in each
Inheritance Tax Examiner II, Au-
gust 12, 1942, $200 per month.
Institution Psychologist A, August
22, 1942, $135 per month.
Institution Psychologist I, August
22, 1942, $155 per month.
Industrial Hygiene Physician V,
August 12, 1942, $400 per month.
Inter-County Drain Inspector I,
August 12, 1942, $155 per month.
Orchard Farmer B, August 12, 1942,
$115 per month..
Poultry Farmer B, August 12, 1942,
$115 per monthi
Numeric Bookkeeping Clerk B, Au-
gust 12, 1942, $115 per month.
Blind School Elementary Teacher
I. August 12, 1942, $155 per month.
Bacteriologist II, August 12, 1942,
$200 per month.
Blue-Print Machine Operator B,
August 12, 1942,$115per month.
Nurse Anaesthetisth A, August 12.
1942. $145 per month.
Farmhand C, August 12, 1942, $100
Manual Worker C, August 12, 1942,
$100 per month.
Soils Engineer I, August 12, 1942,
$155 per month.I
Snils Enginer IT, August 12. 1942.,
*Sawdtu~l anti OOyiier S4fl1 *
PEOPLE have been telling me for a long time.
in fact ever since I started writing this col-
umn, that I should forget the "trivia" which
too often concerns me. and that the editorial
page is a place for learned discourses on weighty
problems of a moral and political nature.
Not since I was a sophomore have I been
colossally impudent enough to set myself up as
an authority on anything except ° the way I,
myself, feel within myself.' Then, when I was a
spohomore I mean, I spent hours over wordy
editorials. When they were printed I read them
to anyone who would listen and sent copies to
everyone I knew. I remember seeing my name
at the bottom of the column for the first time.
It's a tremendous sensation, you just want to
sit and look at it, even though all the blase
senior editors assure you from the first that a
scarce ten percent of the student body ever
reads the edit page. Those were the good old
days, but there's a lot of cigarettes, black coffee
and cut classes between then and now. I don't
know that I could even write an editorial any
more. I know that I laugh at the people who
say that I should.
TODAY, though, I've got a concert, something
that I'd like to say, not just to please my
critics but because what I want to say is im-
In a thne when industry needs every Ameri-
can worker in order to produce goods in suf-
fiient quantities to win this war, women are
actually being discouraged from entering war
factories by a policy, dictated both by the
government and by industry which discrim-
inates against them as workers. Furthermore
the production efficiency of women already
employed is hampered by methods designed
to protect the male worker against his female
It's all coming back, I remember now how it's1
done. Once, when I was a sophomore, I said
"American Democracy cannot survive the War."
That was good but this is better, this is more
important. I'd rather see equality under -a dic-
tator than prejudiced subjection in a democracy.
But then a real democracy isn't possible without
If we are really fighting to achieve democracy
and freedom, and that's what people keep telling
every cranny of the structure upon which this
new freedom is to be built and assure ourselves
that no prejudice, no inequality remains.
THE STATE OF MICHIGAN has a newly en-
acted statute which makes it unlawful for
companies to pay women less than min, either
on an hourly or piece-work basis. This provis-
ion is' important only in that it indicates a new
recognition of the condition -as it exists. In real-
ity its intentions can be so easily muddled while
its letter is obeyed that the reforms accomplished
under it are negligible.
A common device used to escape this and
similar regulations is to designate certain jobs
as "women's jobs" which are payed less and
often robbed of production bonuses. In one
Ann Arbor defense plant inspection work is
divided into primary and secondary inspec-
tion. Secondary inspection, with a beginning
pay of 60c and a top pay of 70e an hour belongs
to women workers while primary inspection
boasts a beginning pay of 75c an hour and an
eventual raise to 95c goes to men. Further-
more men inspectors may lay claim to a bonus
pool built up of accumulated extra profits,
while women must depend upon their hourly
In another factory a production line made
up entirely of women is paid only 55c an hour
-a rate far below that of the factory in gen-
There is not a woman who does not blush
with humiliation before the placard distributed
by the national government and posted in every
factory across the country which is entitled
"working hours and conditions for females and
minors." A man,,worker by accumulated over-
time can nearly double the money made by a
woman even when she is working the maximum
number of hours allowed her by federal govern-
"Bench Jobs" and other positions which not
only pay less but give the worker no opportun-
ity to learn a skill are reserved for women
If sex equality is attainable this is the time
to fight. Workers are at a premium and no
employer is in a position to refuse to hire
women simply because they are women. Wo-
men do not ask for special consideration, they
School of Music Students may se-
cure complimentary tickets to the
song recital to be given at 8:30 p.m.
Monday, August '10, by Blair Mc-
Cosky, baritone, by applying at the
office of the School of Music before
the end of this week. Due to the
limited seating capacity of the As-
sembly Hall of the Rackham Build-
ing, admission is by ticket only, and
after August 3 any remaining tickets
will be available to the general pub-
Notice to Students in the College
of Literature, Science and the Arts:
Students transferring to a new
course during the second half of the
,Summer Term, or to a new instructor
in the same course, are hereby noti-
fied that the first half of the Sum-
mer Term will end on August 5th and
the second half of the Summer Term
will begin on' August 6th.
L. S. Woodburne, Assistant Dean
Exchange Fellowships and Profes-
sorships Leaflets and other informa-
tion pertaining to the Exchange
fellowships and professorships in
Latin-America provided by the gov-
ernment of the United States under
the convention for the promotion of
inter-American cultural relations can
be obtained in the office of the In-
ternational Center by anyone inter-
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for removal of incom-
pletes will be Saturday, August 8.,
Petitions for extension of time
shjould be filed in the Secretary's Of-
fice at once.
The final day for dropping courses
without record will be Saturday,
August 8. A course may be dropped
only with the permission of the
classifier, after conference with the
Language Examinations for Mas-
ter's Degree candidates in history.
Examinations will be given Friday,
July 31, 2:00 to 4:00 in Room B,
Haven Hall. Candidates must bring
their own dictionaries. ,
"Letters to Lucerne," rated as one
of the best plays of the current New
York season opened yesterday and will
run through Saturday evening. This
is the fourth production of the 142
Michigan Repertory Players of the
department of speech. Tickets are on
sale at the Mendelssohn Theatre-'box
office daily from 10-8:30.
Summer Session Students of te
English Department: All upper-class
and graduate students enrolled in
the Summer Session are cordially in-
vited to a tea on Friday, July 31, at7
four o'clock in the 'Assembly Room:
of the Rackham Building. Dr. Cle-
anth Brooks, visiting professor from
Louisiana State University, will give
an informal demonstration of cer-
tain ,teaching methods in poetry.
Wesley Foundation: Tortight at
8:00 p.m. Methodist and Baptist stu-
dents and their friends will meet in
the Foundation lounge to leave for a
picnic. There will be opportunity for
Gradua~te Outing Club: The Grad-
uate Outing Club (and other inter-
ested graduate students) will make
a tour of Greenfield Village on Sun-
day, August 2, leaving Ann Arbor at
2 p.m. on the Greyhound Bus and
returning at 6:50. The cost of the
trip including lunch will be about
$2.00. All those planning to go are
requested to sign up either at the In-
formation desk at the League or at
Rackham before Saturday noon.
Watch this column for further notice
about meeting place.
The first of a series of three re-
cita by Gilbert Ross, violinist, and
Mabel Ross Rhead, pianist, of ,the
School of Music faculty, will be pre-
sented Monday evening, August 3,
at 8:30 in the Assembly Hall of the
Rackham Building. The program
will be devoted to three Beethoven
sonatas, and admission is by ticket
only, d'ue to the limited seating ca-
pacity of the hall.
Students and Faculty of the Latin
and Greek Departments will meet
for a Coffee Hour and Round-table
discussion of teaching problems on
Tuesday, August 4, at 4:10, in the
East Conference Room of Rackham
The ROTC Drum and Bugle Corps
will meet Tuesday, August 4,,at 7:30.
All ROTC freshmen who are inter-
ested in playing in the corps should
report at that time. 'The meeting
will be held in the ROTC hall.
The English Journal Club will
meet at 7:45 p.m., Tuesday, August
4, in the West Conference Room of
the Rackham Building. Professor
Cleanth Brooks will speak on "Rele-
vance in Poetry: What Belpngs
There." All graduate students in Eng-
lish are invited.
The faculty concert planned for
8:30 Tuesday evening, August 4, in
Hill Auditorium will include a group
of works for organ played by Frieda
Op't Holt, English songs by Thelma
Lewis, and Sonata 'quasi una fan-
tasia, Op. 27, No. 2, by Beethoven,
whitfi John Kollen will present as
his portion of the program. The
concert is open to the general public.
Physical Fitness In a Nation at
War by Elmer D. Mitchell, Professor
of Physical Education. 4:05 p.m.,
Monday, August 3. (University High
Inter-Cultural Education Present-
ing 'Americads All', by R. D. Lind-
quist, Director of the Cranbrook
School. 4:05 p.m., Tuesday, August
4, (University High Auditorium.)
Weekly Review of the War, by Pro-
fessor Howard M. Ehrmann, Depart-
ment of History. 4:15 p.m., Tuesday,
August 4, (Rackham Amphitheatre.)
Zion Lutheran Church Services
will be held at 10:30 a.m. with Rev.