THE MICHIGAN DAILY TraSDA,
r , ir ig t c ti1
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NIGHT EDITOR: HALE CHAMPION
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are Written by members dof The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
FpHURMAN ARNOLD'S suggested re-
vision of the patent laws, giving
courts the right to rescind patents used to es-
tablish monopoly power, again calls attention to
big business' flagrant misuse of rights guaran-
teed by the government.
The patent laws were pad with the hope
that by protecting inventors the development of
new techniques and processes would be encour-
aged; the result "was to be an increase in the
aniount of goods available for the people. Yet
those very laws have been used to limit produc-
tion, to protect monopoly profits, to keep com-
petitors out of the field and to discourage the
invention and introduction of new and better
The miost spectacular and immediate violation
of the spirit of the patent laws -is of course the
Standard Oil Case. In 1926 Standard and the
I. J. Farbenindustrie agreed that Standard Oil
should cohtrol the production of synthetic gaso-
line and that the Gerihan company should deal
with the developi'nent of synthetic rubber.
According to, Arnold, Goodyear and the, Dow
Chemical Co. wanted to work on the develop-
ment of rubber substitutes in 1938 but Standard
Oil prevented their entrance to'the field by offer-
ing them secrets of the synthetic process only on
cbnditions which could not possibly be met.
In the current issue of the Atlanstic. Monthly,
Arnold quotes a letter written at that time by
Frank A. Howard, vice-president of Standard
Oil, asserting that "The thing that is really hold-
ing us up, however, is not the lack of a plan
elth'er frqm Goodyear or ourselves, but. the in-
ability of our partner to obtain permission froimi
its government to proceed with the development
in the United States."
Standard's abuse of the power and protection
granted them under the patent laws is clearly
shown in the following memoraridum written by
a Standard executive on Feb. 1, 1940, after the
coming emergency had been clearly recognized.
"A high royalty rate (7.5 cents a pound) is fixed
so- as to make operation practical for rubber
companies only as a relatively Aaigh cost spe-
BUTSES OF THE PATENT LAWS are many
and of great impact. During the 17 years of
protection granted by a patent a company can
gain a position of such dominance that it can
remain the controlling aid leading producer
lcng after the patent has expired. By holding
basic patents, and because it is the leading or
only producer in the field, a corporation can
force all inventors of improvements to come to
them. It can buy the new developments at its
cwn prices, and can "put them to sleep" to avoid
the expense of retooling.
Because it has the jump on any other pro-
'ducers, and because of its great financial
'frehgth, the company can sue entrants to the
field for infringement of patent rtights. And
although the decision might eventually be in
favor of the would-be competitor, the huge
staff of lawyers and great money reserves of
the monopollst can result in long and emblr-
passing legislation. Even if the entrant had
the temerity to fight, and even if he were not
to be defeated on a technicality, it is doubtful
that he could afford the long years of legisla-
tien. There is nothing for him to do but bow
ovt of the field and turn over his developments
to the original company.
.13v natentin several parts of a machine at
(This tm we turn our column over to Eugene
Mandeberg. former Daily nighteditor who is sore as
hell. Any opinions expressed by Mr. Mandeberg in
the following column are not necessarily concurred
in by ycur columnist, but then again . . . . Torque-
SEE by the papers and hear by the radio that
the eight Nazi saboteurs now on trial in
Washington will be allowed to appear before the
Supreme Court of the United States in order to
enter pleas for themselves in regard to jurisdic-
tion and what not. I'm not concerned with the
"You may quote me as crying," said the young
lady in the next seat, blotting her eyes with her
hanky, When the curtain fell on the final act of
the Vincent-Rotter drama, "Letters to Lucerne."
And judging from the number of saturated
handkerchiefs seen in the aisle, the fourth pre-
sentation of the 14th annual Repertory Players
was a sobbing big success.
"Le ters," called by Burns Mantle one of the
10 best of current theatre offerings, was an ideal
vehicle for a student production. The story of
the effect of World War II on sequestered school
mates was "timely," the actors impersonated
characters of their own age, and as there were,
uniquely, no lead roles, performances were
judged solely on interpretation, rather than by
bulk of part.
Most pert and jumpered of the six Lucerne
students, Marjorie Warren, as Olga, the Polish
boarder, gave a soft-voiced, trusting-faced por-
trayal of the victim of the Third Reich. As her
friend, Erna Schmidt, whose triumphant letters
from her home in Germany incite all the com-
motion in the cosmopolitan school, anguish-eyed
Barbara White did admirably, and her mournful
weeping stimulated tear ducts to excess.
Yum was the word for fascinator Yvonne
Wotherspoon, cast as the French rabble-rouser,
when she first appeared on the stage. But her
splendid suggestion of malicious1Wss, cunning
and Parisian chic subordinated her beauty to her
Blanche Halpar, as owner of a really thick
Southern accent, got every laugh from her lines
that the authors had intended. Phillipa Herman
and Betty Alice Brown, as the English and fast-
talking American boarders, resppctively, did
justice to the first-nighter.
And in this show-without-a-lead, no less in the
Repertory limelight were Genevieve Edwards, as
the Head Mistress; Pat Meikle, as Gretchen;
Philip Swander, in the romantic lead, as the
young Nai in love with Olga; Karl Kreuter, as
Koppler; and Merle Webb, as the postman.
Special mention among the character roles is
due William Kinzer and Eve Strong, who er-
acted the menials in make-up and mannerism
"Letters" was not faultless. Perhaps Miss
White's sobs were often a little unreal; perhaps
Miss H'alpar's Southern dialect wAs enough to
cause a native Kentuckian to wince on several
occasions; but these instances are scarcely worth
mnmntioning, when the play is considered en toto.
Howard Bay's settings and the expert lighting
effects of this week's stage crew contributed
vastly to the success of the show. Only dis-
cerning eyes could detect that the Main Hall
scene Was the neatly disguised set from last
week's "Hay Fever," with somber hues masking
the bright jungle scene, and staircases and de-
tails carefully rearranged.
Best dramatic moment: Felice, deleting a pas-
sage from her letter in reading, with a slant-
eyed, "But this is too bitter for you."
Best staging effect: Night in the dormitory
with a single light burning on the night table
near Olga, who was writing in bed.
Guest director Claribel Baird should be proud
of her production, for, as the old man across the
aisle whispered, "Nice to see that the youngsters
can handle drama as skillfully as comedy."
There is no doubt about it, "Letters To Lu-
cerne" should draw praise from Ann Arbor.
in the production of glass containers. The com-
pany does not itself manufacture machines or
containers, but occupies itself with research,
experimentation and the exploitation of patent
By interference and appeals the company kept
th'e first patent, filed by the inventor in 1907,
on its plunger feeder in the Patent Office for 20
years. The company meantime divided the in-
vention into four separate parts, obtained a
patent on one in 1925, on another in 1928, on a
third in 1931, and on the fourth in 1937. The
final patent will not expire until 1954.
The TNEC reports that the company has, ac-
cording to memorandum taken from its files,
applied for patents designed "to block the de-
velopment of machines which might be con-
structed by others for the same purposes as our
machines using alternative means."
The company has required its licensees to
surrender to it such patents as they may obtain
by making improvements on its machines, has
repeatedly brought suit against competitors and
customers of its competitors for violations of
patent rights, and has driven them from the
It-has created monopolies among its customers
by licensing only a few of them to use its ma-
chines, has indulged in price-setting, and has
told its customers the amount and types of con-
tainers they might make.
Similar monopolistic, restrictive and unfair
practices have existed in the aluminum, optical
glass, hardboard (used in pre-fabricated house-
Y;,r riat ama yn Yt m~a.Yitnt me n
reasons why they're appealing right now. My
only interest is that they can appeal to the
"highest tribunal in the land." Two of the eight
are American citizens via the naturalization
route, six are enemy aliens and have no civil
rights. But the government is allowing them to
bring an appeal before the Supreme Court.
I don't take issue with that. It seems to me
that regardless of what these men have done, or
were planning to do, the United States would be
playing false to its own legal setup if the eight
Nazis were summarily shot, or dumped into
prison without a fair trial. It may be a back-
breaking altruism, but we are supposedly fight-
ing for that very freedom, the right of a man
to a just trial by his peers. °
WHAT BURNS ME UP is that while these
eight Nazis can get to the Supreme Court
in order to save themselves, American citi-
zvfs all over this country are being denied
those very rights. Government plans for ab-
sentee ballots for men in the ariped services
was fought like mad by some congressmen;
what would happen to the noble institution of
the poll tax? A Negro can get his guts blown
out for the good old U.S.A., but niggers can't
vote where Ah come from, suh. Farmers want
to do their bit toward winning this war, too.
But some of the Senators figured that their
friends could make a lot more money if they
decided on items like prices and parity. Share-
croppers can be shot for meeting in groups of
more than one, and have their death certifi-
cates read "heart failure."
Nazi saboteurs can be judged by a board of
generals, but in some states a Negro can't serve
on a jury. Labor unions can fight for their
rights, but bigwigs can get injunctions issued
by "friendly" judges. Little guys can sue for
injuries, but the big boys can drag the case along
through the courts so long that the little fella
just can't take it any more. Wholesale indict-
ments against racketeers can be secured, but
half the time someone with more money than
you or I is on the in with the judge.
T'S A GREAT SYSTEM where Nazi Henrich
can appeal to the Supreme Court, but Negro
Sam can't bring a suit against a white man. It's
justice personified when German agents get a
chance to defend themselves in a court, and
American soldiers can't vote beause they might
swing an honest election the wrong way, or con-
taminate the ballots with the color of their skin.
It all adds u to action ntw, not after the
war. It means fighting for individual rights
here just as hard as the soldiers are doing
outside the country. It means knockin some
awfully firm people and traditions right off
their settings. But it means a democracy for
Americans as well as for Nazi saboteurs.
WASH I NGTON
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-The question of preparing
and defending San Francisco against Jap air
raids has been the subject of a hot behind-the-
scenes debate between the War Department and
straight-from-the-shoulder Judge William Den-
man of the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals.
Judge Denman, who served as Woodrow Wil-
son's Shipping Board Chairman, has been hound-
ing the War Department regarding the failure
of Lieut. Gen. John L. DeWitt to trah residents
of San Francisco in the evacuation of tle city
in case of a bombing attack.
During the summer, Judge Denman points
out, a blanket of fog sweeps in on San Francisco
from the Pacific, providing exactly the same type
of screen which Jap planes used in bombing
Dutch Harbor, Alaska. And the War Depart-
ment has admitted that even one Jap plane
could carry three or four thousand phosphorus
wafers which could start fires equal to those
caused by the San Francisco earthquake.
With zerb visibility at night because of fog,
Judge Denman contends, evacuation would be
extremely difficult unless planned for in ad-
"Our letters have not suggested that Gen. De-
Witt is not competent to destroy assailing Jap-
anese," Judge Denman wrote to the War Depart-
ment. "We are concerned with his plan, by
which our women and children and sick and
aged may be burned alive by action by Japanese
before they (the attackers) are destroyed."
Similar To Tokyo
After reminding Assistant Secretary of War
Mcloy that Sanl Francisco was built of frame
houses and had the highest fire insurance rate
in the "white world," Judge Denman warned:
"What for seven months Gen. DeWitt has
contemplated doing is to wait until this con-
flagration existed, and then, for the first time,
place officers and soldiers, unfamiliar with the
hills, valleys and ravines of San Francisco, in
its streets. They then, for the first time, would
attempt to direct the citizens, by that time panic-
stricken and choking with smoke, to fhe exits
which he would then choose for their evacuation.
"The fact that during seven months there
has been no training of soldiers nor of the people,
and no signals nor sirens nor cannon arranged
for concerted population movements to the des-
ignated exits, properly entitles one to use the
word 'ghastly' as describing the nature of Gen.
THURSDAY, JULY 30, 1942
VOL. LII No. 32-S
All Notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
summer Session before 3.0 p.m. of the
day preceding its publication except on
saturday, when the notices should be
submitted before 11:30 a.m.
To Purchasers of War Bonds: Those
who have pledged 10% of their an-
nual income for the purchase of War
Bonds, either under the University's
payroll savings plan or otherwise.
are entitled to a special button and
sticker.' These may be obtained at
Investment Office, 100 South Wing,
University Committee on
Sale of War Bonds and Stamps
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments has received notice of the fol-
lowing State of Michigan Civil Ser-
vice Examinations. Closing dates for
filing applications is roted in each
Inheritance Tax Examiner II, Au-
gust 12, 1942. $200 per month.
Institution Psychologist A, August
22, 1942, $135 per month.
Institution Psychologist I, August
22, 1942, $155 per month.
Industrial Hygiene Physician V.
August 12, 1942, $400 per month.
Inter-County Drain Inspector I.
August 12, 1942, $155 per month.
Orchard Farmer B, August 12, 1942
$115 per month.
Poultry Farmer B, August 12, 1942,
$115 per month.
Numeric Bookkeeping Clerk B, Au-
gust 12, 1942, $115 per month.
Blind School Elementary Teacher
I, August 12, 1942, $155 per month.
Bacteriologist II, August 12, 1942.
$200 per nnth.
Blue-Print Machine Operator B,
August 12, 1942, $115 per month.
Nurse Anaesthetist Al, August 12,
1942, $145 per month.)
Farmhand C, August 12, 1942, $100
Manual Worker C, August 12, 1942,
$100 per month.
Soils Engineer I, August 12, 1942
$155 per month.
Soils Engineer II, August 12, 1942,
$200 per month.
Soils Engipeer III, August 12, 1942,
$250 per month.
Further information may be had
from the notices which are on file in
the office of the Bureau of Appoint-
ments, 201 Mason Hall, office hours
9-12 and 2-4.
Bureau of Appointments and
The Harrison M. Randall Labora-
tory of Physics will be closed Thurs-
day afternoon as an/expression of tle
deep regard held for Mrs. Randall by
all members of the Physics Staff.
Seniors in Chemical Engineering:
Dr. F. N. Rugg of the Bakelite Corp-
oration will interview chemical en-
gineers who expect to receive their
Can The World
Live At Peace?
THERE ARE THOSE who believe
that it is a delusion to suppose
that the world can long live without
war. Those of this opinion include
not only the enthusiasts of war, like
the Nazis and the Fascists, but con-
servatives who think that everything
in the future must be like everything
in the past, that "huipan nature"
does not change, and so that men
will always fight for one reason or
another. Specifically, these persons
now believe that the 'Germans are
ineradicably aggressive and will
make a bid for world ; power every
twenty or thirty years unless they
all are extirpated; that if the Ger-
man menace could be subdued, some
other contestant would arise. Ac-
cording to this view, we merely
weaken ourselves by trusting too
much in plans for peace, and our
only safe course is either to remain
unassailable or, if that is rnpossible,
to be sure we shall be on the winning
In the light of experience, this
view cannot be dismissed lightly.
Certainly the most ambitious at-
tempt of our day to banish war was
a failure. Unless we can do much
better than that, we shall be incau-
tious not to expect, and be well pre-
pared for, the next outbreak of this
But mankind has learned that it,
is not necessary to adopt an all-or-
nothing attitude a bout such prob-
lems. In the fifteenth century it
might have been argued that small-
pox and bubonic plague were period-
ically recurring diseases, an inevita-
ble part of the ills which flesh is heir
to, and that the only sensible course
was to live in expectation of the
next epidemic. But science gradually
and painfully learned what it was
necessary to do in order to safe-
guard ourselves from them. Now we
rarely suffer from these contagions.
But at the same time we do not as-
sume that they might not assail us
;f - _n - t%+ n vnfll r.a C _
'.~ ion^. ('h,,,ig..T M. Th.
U q . n Annll R a
"Hon. spy in U.S. report women on home front disappointed in war
effort-they crowding bcauty shops daily in effort to save face!'"
degree in September on Thursday,
July 30, beginning at 9:00 o'clock.
Sign interview list in Room 2028 East
Watch the Bulletin Board outside
Room 2028 East Engineering for no-
tices of the interviewers from various
companies who will be coming to talk
Engineering Faculty: There will be
a meeting of the Faculty of this
college on Tuesday, August 4th at
4:15 p.m. in Room 348.
A. H. Lovell,
Assistant Dean and Secretary
Tennis tournament schedule is now
posted in W.A.B. for women's singls
and mixed doubles. The first bracket
must be played off by July 31st. Top
person in each bracket is responsible
for calling opponent to arrange time
for play. Pay entrance fee to matron
at desk in Women's Athletic Building.
Department of Physical Education
Consumer Education Exhibit may
be seen daily at the Michigan League.
Hours-11 a.m. to 8 p.m.
Students, Summer Term, College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts:
Courses dropped after Saturday, July
25, by students other than freshmen
will be recorded with the grade of E.
Freshmen (students with less than
24 hours of credit) may drop courses
without penalty through the eighth
week. Exceptions to these regulations
may be made only because of extra-
ordinary circumstances, such as seri-
ous or long-continued illness.
E. H. Walter, Assistant Dean
Language Examinations for Mas-
ter's Degree candidates in history.
Examinations will be given Friday,
July 31, 2:00 to 4:00 in Room B,
Haven Hall. Candidates must bring
their own dictionaries.
Tonight at 7:30-All members and
friends of the Newman Club are in-
vited to attend a social gathering to
be held in the clubroom, loated in
the basement of St. Mary's Chapel.
Mrs. Francesca Thivi will talk orb In-
dia. Refreshments will be served1 at
the conclision of the lecture.
The Slavic Society will hold its
regular meeting tonight at 8:00 p.m.
in ' the International Center. Pro-
gram: Play Production; music and
refreshments. All members please
attend. New members welcome.
Cercle Frangais: Professor Percival
Price of the School of Music, will ex-
plain and demonstrate the operation
of the University Carillon to mem-
bers of the Cercle. Students and fac-
ulty who are interested will please
meet Professor Price at the Burton
Memorial Tower, Thursday at 7 p.m.
Pi Lambda Theta Picnic: Thurs-
day, July 30, 5:30 p.m. Call Dorothy
Tissue for reservations. Phone 8321.
Meet at the steps of University High
School at 5:00 p.m.
"Letters to Lucerne," rated as one
of the best plays of the current New
York season opened yesterday and will
run through Saturday evening. This
is the fourth production of the 1942
Michigan Repertory Players of the
department of speech. Tickets are on
sale at the Mendelssohn Theatre box
office daily from 10-8:30. '
A woodwind recital in which fac-
ulty and students will participate has
been planned by the School of Mu-
sic for Thursday evening, July 30,
in the Assembly Hall of the Rack-
ham Building. The program will in-
clude compositions by Blumer, De-
i r- - i -- ri 1hsi~m- - xra An ft ri-,
A The Future of Nationalism will be
discussed at a panel discussion, by
William Muehl, Paul Lim Yuen, and
Max Dresden, at the Michigan
League, Thursday, July 30. at 7:55.
There will be questions from the floor.
Everybody is invited.
The Post-War Conic
Wesley Foundation: Reservations
for ,the Methodist-Baptist student
picnic, Friday, July 31, at 8:00 p.m.,
should be made at the student of-
fice (6881) by Thursday evening.
The group will meet Friday night in
the Wesley Foundation lounge. The
cost will be 20c.
Star clusters and double stars will
be seen from the Angell Hall Ob-
servatory on Friday night, July 31,
from 10:00 to 11:0 p.m. Dr. Mc-
Laughlin will be in charge of the
public nights assisted by the sumn-
mer term assistant. Chlldren must
be accompanied by adults.
Dancing: Friday and Saturday
evehings from 9-12 at the Michign
League. Come with or without a
Summer Session Students of the
English Department: All upper-cla$
and graduate students enrolted in
the Summer Session are cordially in-
vited to a tea on Friday, July 31, at
four o'clock in the Assembly Room
of the Rackham Building. Dr. Cle-
anth Brooks, visiting professor from
Louisiana State University, will give
,an informal demonstration of cer-
tain teaching methods in poefry.
Graduate Student Dance: 9-12
p.m., Saturday, Rackham Ballroom.
Lounge and Terrace. Single and
Youth Hostel Trip: There will be
a Youth Hostel Trip to Saline Valley
Farms leaving the Women's Athletic,
Building Saturday afternoon, August
1, at 1:30 p.m. and retuning Sunday
morning. This will be a bicycling
Delit. of Physical Educatio
Graduate Outing Club: The Grai-'
uate Outing Club (and other inter-
ested graduate setudents) will make
a tour of Greenfield Village on Sun-
day, August 2, leaving Ann Arbor at
2 p.m. on the Greyhound Bus and
returning at 6:50. The cost of the
trip including lunch will be about
$2.00. All those planning to go are
requested to sign up either at the In-
formation desk at the League or at
Rackham before Saturday noon.
Watch this column for further notice
about meeting place.
-The faculty concert planned for
8:30 Tuesday etening, August 4, in
Hill Auditorium will include a group
of works for organ played by Frieda
Op't Holt, English songs by Thelma
Lewis, and Sonata quasi una fan-
tasia, Op. 27, No. 2, by Beethoven,
which~ John Killen willp resent as
his portion of 'the progam. The
concert is open to the general public.
,Lectures on Statistical Methods:
Professor J. Neym=fn will give the
second of his series of lectures on
"Methods of Sampling," on Thus-
day, July 30, at 8 p.m., in 3011 A.H.
All persons interested are cordially in-
Growth and Education of Elemen-
tary School Children, Byron O.
Hughes, Instructor in Education "nd
ResearchAssociate in hild Develop-
ment FTnivrAv 14ioh 'Shnnl Anii-
GRIN AND BEAR IT