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July 26, 1942 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1942-07-26

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An Axe To Grind

Dominie Says


By Lichiy



.. )...


Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
The Summer Daily is published every morning except
Monday and Tuesday.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled7 to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights
of republication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.00, by mail $5.00.
National Advertising Service, Inc,
, College PublishersRep resentat.e
420 MADisoN AVE. NEW YORK. N. Y.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1941 -42

Editorial Staff

Homer Swander
Wil Sapp
Mike aL lnn.

. . . .Managing Editor
. . . . . City Editor
* F.r9 fL U


NO L.M111 rports wEd
Hale Champion, John Erlewine, Robert Mantho,
Irving Jaffe, Robert Preiskel


Edward Perlberg
Fred M. Ginsberg
Morton Hunter

Business Staff
. . . . Business Manager
. . Associate Business Manager
. . . Publications Manager




The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers

Prodaetion Dilemma
Is Very Confusing . .
W HATEVER the reasons are; the War
Production Board is falling far
short of providing the. nation with maximum
production for the war effort.
Evidence of this is mounting every day. The
full extent of our productive resources is not
being utilized, and final responsibility must be
laid at the door of the WPB.
It is immaterial whether our inadequate pro-
duction is the result of selfish pressure exerted
by industrial interests, or is merely due to WPB
inefficiency. The undeniable fact is that in order
to win the war we must utilize all our resources
to the fullest extent, and at present we are not
accomplishing this.
HE principal sore spot at present involves the
shortage-or alleged shortage-of steel for
many vitally important war production plants.
One case in point is Walter Reuther's charge
that 2,500,000 tons of steel are being wasted each
year and that industrialists are keeping addi-
tional millions idle because of inefficient meth-
ods. As a result of this, he said, a great many
plants have been forced to close down. He has
informed WPB's chairman, Donald Nelson that
Army and Navy officials are still insisting on
the use of steel for buildings that will be torn
down after the war. It is up to Nelson and his
Board to investigate such charges and to do
something about them, especially in the case of
steel, which is of such vital importance to the
war effort.
ANOTHER sore spot arises from the accusation
by Andrew Higgins, New Orleans shipbuilder,
that his contract to construct 200 cargo ships
was cancelled by the Maritime Commission be-
cause of the influence of powerful industrialists
who are opposed to the development of a big
shipbuilding industry in the South. The reason
given for the cancellation was that there was not
sufficient steel for the project. But Higgins and
L. E. Detwiler, assistant to the president of the
company, claim that such is not the case. And
Rep. F. Edward Hebert, of Louisiana, confirms
this contention by declaring that the Vera Cruz
Steel Company has offered to supply the neces-
sary steel. Several members of the House Marine
Subcommittee also denied the existence of a
steel shortage.
THE situation at Willow Run is perhaps the
most distressing and confusing of all. Re-
ports have it that the government will not build
as many houses in its Bomber City as had been
planned because an alleged steel shortage will
prevent the employment of the number of
workers it was previously thought would be hired.
Here again it seems very strange that not enough
steel will be available. Especially incomprehen-
sible in this case is the allegation of a steel
shortage, for Willow Run is so tremendously im-
'portant to war production and is so remarkably
equipped for the huge-scale manufacture of
All this, as we have said, may indicate nothing
about the integrity of the WPB. But if it doesn't,
it certainly shows that the WPB is doing an
alarminglyincompetent job. And it is one place
where we cannot tolerate incompetence, unless
we want to lse the war.
An immediate investigation must be made
of the facts behind our production dilemmas
-especially the steel situation. W are ran-

(The guest column by Hale Champion printed be-
icw was written because Mr. Champion felt that
the restrictions of strict editorial form prevented
him from naming some very appropriate names.
The opinions given below do not necessarily oi-
cide with those of your columnist, but actually.)
I write an editorial, and then I write another
editorial, and still another, and so on into the
night, the weeks, the months, and eventually
the years. I see something wrong here, and then
a little later I see something wrong somewhere
else, and I carefully point out editorially just
what it is.
Pretty soon the things here and the things
there begin to take shape until finally they make
a rounded pattern, but all the time I'm writing
editorials about just prt of that pattern.
And I blame it all on the editorial form which
doesn't allow you to say what you want to say
in a manner which appeals to the sensibilities of
people who don't like the formal, stilted, objec-
tive treatments of isolated subjects. It forces
you to use a language which people don't speak
and therefore aren't familiar with. You have to
cover one topic carefully without having suffi-
cient room or scope of language to relate it to
the whole, and you therefore are always kept
from telling the whole truth. Not that anyone
in the midst of indignation sufficient enough to
demand expression ever can make clear the
whole truth, but he. can still do, a lot better job
without having burdensome editorial restrictions.
And so beca-use. I have something to say that
no more can be put in an editorial than can
half the world's peas for justice, it appears
here.. It. is as much a plea for action, for a
change of course as if it appeared in the edi-
torial column; in fact it is more so.
This is it.
Washington is an octopus of grasping big busi-
nessmen whose tentacles stretch in every direc-
tion impeding the national war effort. The
businessmen are interested in seeing us win the
war, but only interested if it is going to bring
profit to them; profit both now and later.
Hardly a day goes by in which some news item
or other does not show how business pressure
blocs in Congress are raising hell with some
phase of the inflation prevention program, how
dollar-a-year men have betrayed their country's
best interests for profits, how government com-
missions have been browbeaten into serving es-
tablished enterprise at the expense of maximum
production, Hardly a day goes by in which there
is not an attempt to descredit labor unions or
anything or anybody else that believes in essen-
tial civil rights and more equitable distribution
of income.
And hardly a day goes by in which these
big companies who keep professional protec-
tionin Washington do not pay out more big
dividends, happily huge salaries, and bounti-
ful bonuses to top executives.
As yin World War I everything eventually is
done Big Business' way unless direct and pitiless
publicity is brought, to bear on the attempt.
Now under cover of economy for the sake of
the war, Congressmen are attempting to sabo-
tage the- New Deal and discredit its leader and
the only man who prevents Washington from
becoming a literal sinkhole of iniquity, Franklin
D. Roosevelt. There are hundreds of thousands
of indications of all this-and because this is a
column, not an editorial, and I may speak as an
ordinary individual instead of like somebody
outside the range and interest of the ordinary
individual-I can talk about them, name names,
and call people stinkers. And here comes a
sample of Mr. Dollar in a country at war.
Item No 1 . . . What about Higgins, Kaiser,
and huge flying freighters and, fighters? Why
can't our War Production Board know far
enough ahead of time whether or not materi-
als can be furnished to a project on which
$10,000,000 worth of war materials were
wasted before they called a halt to activities?
How come there is such a terrific steel short-
age that a project approved by America's ace
production man to date-Henry J. Kaiser-is
cast aside in favor of Eastern shipbuilders
whose record in no way approaches that of
Kaiser? How come Higgins could have bought
steel on a black market which he could not ob-
tain through legal means? There are a lot
more embarrassing questions about this little
matter, but I have other questions to ask.

Item No. 2 . . . Why when incomes for the
year just ended were announced -were certain
big industrialists' salaries left off? Was it be-
cause pressure on the censorship office had
them concealed, using as its alibi the fact that
the plants were producing war materials-as if
that could possibly indicate anything to a for-
eign power? And now they are released singly
without any nonsense about 'defense reasons.'
Why release them singly unless the big boys
were afraid that the cumulative effect would be
such that all could not be announced at once?
When compiled the list gives one something to
think about; too much in fact. What are the
talents and energies which make Eugene Grace
worth $537,580 a year to the United States, which
pays his salary indirectly through the Bethle-
hem Steel Corporation? And what has increased
his worth $59,000 over 1940?
Item No. 3 .. . Typical defense plant earn-
ings report-while Congress gets pressured to
keep such plants' incomes from being taxed to
a logical limit-is the following from a Michi-
ga plant, Dow Chemical Company. It goes
something like this , . . Sales highest in his-
tory,,up 67% over last year . . . Earned $7.14 a
share for its common stockholders, 56c more

dends and salaries with those of the boys on
Bataan? The CIO News may have the answer
when they say that if they did, responsible
labor leaders wouldn't be able to control the
honest. indignation of hard-working men.
Item No. 4 . . . Who is behind the attempt to
throw out or discredit every liberal in Washing-
ton, including the President and his wife? . . . Is
it big business which accuses the President of
planning to do away with Congress as a special
dispatch from the Ann Arbor News Washington
Bureau indicated some of its representatives
have already done? Is it the same group which
has forced eviction from federal office of less
well-known liberals than the President and his
wife, which has caused the reasonless firing of
capable public servants because in one woman's
case she belonged to that unwholesome-at least
in the eyes of Martin Dies-National League of
Women Voters?
Item No. 5 . . . And where has the pressure
come from to break rent control, price control,
and so forth? Is it the little landlord who
wants to make some extra money-well, some-
times. But the guys who want and exert the
real pressure are the huge real estate holders,
the big businessmen of real estate. And what
about the farm pressure bloc? Is that for the
benefit of small, mortgage-burdened farmers?
No, as Midwestern farmers see it. It's for the
guys who have taken over the farms in huge
blocs, and the guys who have bought grain for
small prices and want to sell it for big. It
ought to be called the guys-who-want-to-
make-money-off-farmers bloc, for that's what
it is.
There are a lot of questions in the foregoing,
and maybe not all of the answers lead to Big
Business, but I know damn well that most of
them do, There are countless more examples in
which the cupidity of the double-dealing Big
Businessmen is exposed. But we won't drag you
through the Standard Oil, international cartel
business-worse-than-usual story, nor through
the tragic non-conversion story. Everybody who
will read this has read about them, and sees
what I'm driving at.
It is this. Big Business is getting away with
outright murder of the best interests of Amer-
ica. We don't want a John Dos Passos to come
out of this war to write of the follies of- an
American people who were led blindly through
a war lasting interninably longer than neces-
sary because of vested interests. If a Dos Passos
appears again, it will be because America has
not yet learned her lesson, has not seen that
day by day the National Association of Manu-
facturers and United States Chamber of Com-
merce move closer to control of the war effort.
May Franklin D. Roosevelt and every other
sincere patriotic liberal in the country stand
in the way of their march to power and in-
creased wealth.
P.S. May FDR, for God's sake, make a fuss
about that income limit of $25,000 a year for
everybody. It would be worth more than all the
rest of a year's legislative output and then some.
WASHINGTON-The groundwork for the
War Labor Board's new wage stabilization pol-
icy, authorizing pay increases up to 15 percent
of what workers received on January 1, 1941,
was laid at an important meeting in the office
of Board Chairman William C. Davis a few days
before the policy was announced.
The meeting was attended by top officials
dealing with war labor problems, including Man-
power Chief Paul McNutt; Secretary of Labor
Perkins; Wendell Lund, chief of the WPB's la-
bor division; John R. Steelman, chief of the U.S.
Conciliation Service, and Richard V. Gilbert,
OPA economic adviser, who represented Leon
All those present were pledged to secrecy,
which turned out to be a wise precaution, for
several of, the conferees tangled furiously on
the question of wage freezing. OPA economist
Gilbert started the fireworks by declaring that

both OPA loss Henderson and himself were
"unalterably opposed" to any wage boosts in
war plants.
Manpower's McNutt and his chief lieutenant,
Fowler Harper, vigorously objected to this view-
point on the ground that universal wage freez-
ing would be unfair to workers in industries
with sub-standard wage scales, and would en-
courage pirating of labor from one industry to
another. After a long wrangle, OPA's Gilbert
finally relented' and agreed to a maximum hourly
increase of 5 percent in certain industries, such
as aircraft, where wage scales are relatively low.
Inflation vs. Wages
However, this brought a fresh blowup. Paul
Porter, chief of the WPB wage stabilization
branch, hotly broke in:
"I won't be a party to any phony collective
bargaining agreement like that."
Porter added something to the effect that
Henderson and Gilbert wanted to establish arbi-
trary wage ceilings without regard for wage dis-
parities existing among key war industries.
Gilbert replied that all he and Henderson
wanted to do was to stop inflation.
Porter and Harper contended that the air-

"RELIGION is the crucible by
which sentiment is carried," said
a USO speaker recently. He was
urging upon his hearers the neces-
sity of a faith in the Universe, a cos-
mic basis of that sense of security in
which a boy knowing of his parents
love and the mutual loyalty of his
home groups can move out toward a
distant front. Here is religion mak-
ing" the home carry," said the
The same-values were being striven
for in a recent conference on "Can
the American Family Survive?" In
that assembly the social workers were
asking the ministers, "How can we
increase home solidarity across dis-
tance and uncertainty?" Religion,
said these social workers, has that
office. But we "deal with hundreds
who have not the language of the
spirit." Many children have been
reared without a prayer attitude.
apart from public as well as private
worship and without a philosophy of
daily life which is grounded in any
sort of theory of existence. In such
cases, how can we help our people
to sustain their sons or to support
spiritually, morally and ethically
their members now in the service?
War, separation, uncertainty, dan-
ger and a high possibility of death
in the line of duty on the part of
citizens now throw upon religious
leaders and chaplains a stupendous
task. However, it is in a decade like
our own that religion as a means in-
stead of an end in itself is made clear
to all. This aids us somewhat. It
makes religion seem real, indispen-
sable, a way of life. Such a perspec-
tive i, essential to religious growth
and spiritual insight, though one
must regret that it takes a revolu-
tion to bring us to the view.
E. W. Blakeman,
Counselor In Religious Education

r I

SUNDAY, JULY 26, 1942
VOL. LII No. 30-S
All Notices for the Daily Official Bui-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
Summer session before 3:30 p.m. of the
day preceding its publication except on
Saturday, when the notices should be
submitted before 11:30 a.m.
Vespers. There will be no VespersC
in the Rackham Lecture Hall tonight.
However, Professor Maynard KleinI
of the School of Music, supported byI
a University Summer Chorus, is pre-
paring a distinctive program of Sa-
cred Music, both vocal and instru-
mental, for Sunday, August 16, at
8:15 p.m. in Hill Auditorium.
Campus Worship: Midday Wor-
ship at the Congregational Edifice,
State and William Streets, each
Tuesday and Thursday at 12:10 p.m.
Open to all. Adjourn at 12:30. Led
by various Ann Arbor clergymen-
Henry O. Yoder, chairman.
Daily Mass at St. Mary's Chapel,
William and Thompson streets, at
7:00 a.m. and 8 a.m. Father Frank
J. McPhillips officiating. Open to
E. W. Blakeman,
Counselor of Religious Education
Sunday Services of Zion Lutheran
Church will be held at 10:30 with
Rev. Stellhorn speaking on "Be Sub-
missively Courageous."
Trinity Lutheran Church Services
will be held this Sunday at 10:30,
the Rev. Henry O. Yoder speaking
on "Blessed Trust."
The Lutheran Student Association
will meet this Sunday at 5:30, Zion
Lutheran Parish Hall. After a dinner
Roderick Anderson, Regional Presi-
dent of the L. S. A. will speak.
First Baptist Church, 512 E. Huron,
C. H. Loucks, Minister.
10:00-Children's Departments of
the Church School.
10:15-Adult Classes of the Church
School. The Roger Williams Class
meets in the Guild House, 502 E.
Huron, to discuss "Judaism," the
fifth in a series of studies of "The
World's Living Religions."
11:00-The Church at Worship.
Sermon-"Separate People."
7:00--Roger Williams Guild in the
Guild House, 502 E. Huron.
First Church of Christ, Scientist,
409 S. Division St.
Sunday morning service at 10:30.
Subject: "Truth."
Sunday School at 11:45.
Free public Reading Room at 1061
E. Washington St., open every day
except Sundays and holidays, from
11:30 a.m. until 5 p.m., Saturdays
until 9 p.m.
First Presbyterian Church.
Morning Worship-10:45 a.m. "The
Awakening of the Inner Man"-ser-
mon by Dr. S. A. Griffith of the
First Presbyterian Church of Jack-
son, Michigan.
Westminster Student Guild-6:15
!nm ,neialI('1,'lnfl ~low -dby ta~lk



St. Andrew's Episcopal Church:
8:00 asm., Holy Communion; 11:00
1.m. Kindergarten, Harris Hall; 11:00
a.m., Summer Church School; 11:00
a.m., Morning Prayer and Sermon by
Dr. John E. Bell, D.Ed., Theological
Supervisor, Clinical Training Center,
University Hospital; 5:00 to 8:00 p.m.,
Student Picnic at the Giefel Resi-
dence, Barton Hills. Picnic supper
and swimming,
Memorial Christian Church (Dis-
10:45 a.m., Morning worship. The
Rev. Frederick Cowin, Minister.
6:45 p.m. The Disciples Guild will
hold open house at the Guild House,
438 Maynard Street. The 8:00 o'clock
campus-wide vesper service at Rack-
ham Hall is being substituted for the
usual Guild program.
First Congregational Church:
Dr. Leonard A. Parr, Minister.
Service of public worship at 10:45
a.m. The subject of the morning
sermon by Dr. Parr: "Men as Trees
Walking." This, will be the closing
service of the summer season. On
Tuesday and Thursday at 12:10 the
Campus Worship Services will be
held in this sanctuary. Summer stu-
dents and visitors are cordially wel-
comed at these services.
Wesley Foundation: 6:00 p.m.
Supper and fellowship hour in the
student lounge of the church. At
6:40, Paul Lim-Yuen, well-known,
Chinese student and winner of this
year's oratorical contest, will speak
on "Outlook In Asia." Following his
talk there will be opportunity for
questions, and the three summer,
discussion groups will meet. All stu-
dents and their friends are cordiallyt
The Ann Arbor Church of Christ
will meet in the Y.M.C.A. Building
at 110 North Fourth Ave. on Sunday,
July 26. Sunday School will be at
10 a.mn. and Worship at 11 a.m. and1
7:45 p.m. Mr. Donald Healey of De-
troit will be the guest speaker.
Ann Arbor Church of Christ
The Reverend Mr. Sugden, of the
Calvary Baptist Church, Jackson,
will speak at the Michigan Christian
Fellowship meeting at 4:30 p.m. Sun-
day in the Fireside Room of Lane
Events Today
Wolverines: there will be a meeting
of the Wolverines Sunday, July 26,
at 2 p.m. in room 302 of the Union.
David Striffler, Vice President.
Graduate Outing Club: The club
has planned for the afternoon of
Sunday, July 26, an outing to Portage
Lake for swimming followed by a
fresco supper. Total expenses per
capita for food, transportation and
use of beach facilities are expected
iot to exceed eighty cents. Those in-
tending to participate are requested
to leave work prior to Saturday noon
at the Information Desk of the Rack-
ham Building. The club will meet at
2:20 p.m. at the west' door of the
Rackham Building.
Professor Percival Price, University
Carillonneur, presents a recital on
the Charles Baird Carillon on Sun-
day and Thursday evenings from
7:15 to 8:00. Printed copies of the
entire series of programs are avail-
able in the office of the School of
Music, and in the lobby of Burton
The Education Committee of the
Inter-Cooperative Council is spon-
soring a forum on Sunday, July 26,
at 4 p.m. at the Rochdale Coopera-
Hu- - nrms n, L ha ,-', -k a '900 ( "Tnfl

the Michigan League from- & until
10:30 in the evening. Michigan
John Glenn Metcalf, Organist, will
present a recital at, 8:30 p.m. Man-
day, July 27, in Hill Auditorium, in
partial fulfillment of the require-
ments for the degree of Master of
Muac. Assistant Professor of Organ
and Theory at Hendrix College, Con-
way, Arkansas, Mr. Metcalf has ar-
ranged a program of compositibns by
Bach, Brahms, Vaughan William$
and Vierne.

Reg. U.-, a tO.,A il ts nes. .
"Just look at all those phone numbers, sir!-You can see what
a furlough for me would mean to civilian morale!"

Phi Delta Kappa will hold
weekly luncheon Tuesday, July
at 12:10 in the Michigan Union.
Breed will speak on "EducationE
the Liberal Outlook."



Wednesday, July 29, 1942. Bridge
at the Michigan League from 2 until
4:30 in the afternoon. Coffee hour at
4:30 in the Rackham Building.
Students and Faculty of the Latin
and Greek departments will meet for
a Coffee Hour and Round-table dis-
cussion of teaching problems on Tues-
day, July 28, at 4:10 in the East Con-
ference Room of Rackham.
Freshmen and Sophomores major-
ing in Chemistry and Chemical Engi-
neering: First summer meeting of
Chemistry Club will be Tuesday, July
28, at 7:30 p.m., room 151 Chemistry
Building. Dr. R. R. White will speak
on petroleum. Election of officers.
Richard E. Field
American Society of Civil Engi-
neers: will meet on Tuesday, July
28th, at 7:30 in the Union. There
will be moving pictures on "Making
of Alloy Steel." All# Civil Engineers
are invited.
Institute of the Aeronautical ,So-
ences. There will be a meeting of
the Institute Tuesday, July 28, at
7:30 p.m. in Rooms 319-323 of the
Michigan Union. Mr. A. Gail will
discuss The Effect- of Ice On- Per-
formance. Slides will be shown. All
engineers are invited.
Tuesday evening concert of re-
corded music. Because of the Faculty
Concert to be given in Hill Auditor-
ium on Tuesday evening, July 28,
the regular Tuesday recorded pro-
gram in the Men's Lounge of the
Rackham Building has been can-
An all-Brahms program -will be
presented at 8:30 Tuesday evening,
July 28, in Hill Auditorium, as an-
other in the current series of faculty
concerts. Maud Okkelberg and Jo-
seph Brinkman, pianists, William
Stubbins, clarinetist, Wassily Bese-
kirsky, violinist, and Hanns Pick,
cellist, all members of the regular
staff of the School of Music, will
participate in the program, which is
open to the public.
Sound Motion Pictures: "The Per-
fect Tribute" and "Teddy Roosevelt,
the Rough-Rider" will be shown at
the weekly Speech assembly at 3 p.m.
Wednesday in the Amphitheatre- of
the Rackham Building. All Speech
students should attend. The public
is invited.
Graduate Coffee Hour Wednesday,
4:30 p.m. in the Men's Lounge of the
Rackham Building. All faculty mem-
bers, graduate students and their
friends are invited to attend.
American Society of' Mechanical
Engineers will hear Prof F. N. Men-
efee on the subject: "The Engineer
and the War," Wednesday, July 29th,
at 7:30 p.m. in the Michigan Union.


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