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July 18, 1942 - Image 7

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1942-07-18

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THE MICHIGAN - DAILY

The

Week

In

Review

Foreigng
Will you, won't you, will you, won't you
Won't you Join the dance?
The Russian equivalent of that in
sistent Lewis Carroll question echoe
around the world last week, for th
Soviet Union was in desperate nee
of the long promised diversion fron
of the United Nations - yet th
leaders of the United Nations heme n ae-n tl oscn
med and hawed-and still no secon
front.
Affirmative answers to the desper
ate Russian query came from ever:
direction but unfortunately those i
authority did not see fit to endors
the affirmative answers with action
A Chinese newspaper commented
"There's a lot of noise at the heat
of the stairs, but no one seems t
come down."
American workmen, editorial writ
ers, and public opinion polls calle
for diversion.
The British still disgusted by th
time and materials consuming Egyp
tian fiasco pleaded that their troop
be thrown into the breach to hell
the Soviets in their direst hour.
Yet RAF bombings, command
raids, and internal uprisings marke
the only second front the German
have had to fear, Apparently whe
Hitler took his final, daring plung
toward the Caucasus and left hi;
rear open he knew what he wa:
doing. Apparently he had figure
the United Nations as the bluffers
they still appear to be.
Unless those same United Nation
carry out their boasts within a
month, war-weary Soviet soldiers
may get tired of dancing by them-
selves. What then, diversion?eWhc
then will play the tune for every-
body's dancing?
Nazi Strategy Revealed
Meanwhile the valiant Russians
struggled on, still alone, but still un-
daunted. And meanwhile the Nazis
shot the works.
Strategy, which before was only
suspected came clearly into the open
this, week as the Nazis drove far
enough in most critical sectors to
reveal their general intentions, ex-
cept that is, in the Voronezh sector.
Thus held at the northern anchor
of the southern front the Nazis did
not reveal whether this stronghold
was to serve as a center for a drive
on Moscow or as a pivot point in an-
other drive on Stalingrad from the
North. A Russian counterattack
which wiped out one of the hard-won
German bridgeheads over the Don
still complicated this question, but
everywhere else the strategy seemed
clear.
North near Leningrad the Nazis
merely attempted to improve their
positions without making any con-
perted drive. And west of Moscow
stiff German pressure has so far
effected no break-through. Thus it
hooked like the all-out effort was on
the Caucasus and Stalingrad where
Hitler's staff officers had long
pleaded it might come.
The spearhead which shot through
the Russian lines south of Voronezh
pt Rossosh took seven league strides
toward the rich industrial center of
southern Russia, the much-prized
city of Stalingrad. It took Boguchar
and moved into the borders of Kaz-
nsk less than 175 miles short of its
goal.
Its twin, which smashed into and
past Lisichansk, took Millerovo and
enabled the Nazis to look almost
straight south at the strategic city
of Rostov, key to the Caucasus. Still
another drive, less powerful than
its two northern brothers, moved
towards Rostov from the south,
through Taganrog.
Thus, although almost all prep-
arations pointed to a decisive batle
for Stalingrad, it appeared that a

smashing victory at Rostov might
spring a leak into the Caucasus even
before such a battle took place The
]Russians are a strong, optimistic
people, but they are realists too.
They know that they need help badly
and at once. And they are shouting
for it.
soils And Bubbles
Like one of MacBeth's witches
Gen. Erwin Rommel kept the Egyp-
tian cauldron boiling this week, not
by large frontal assaults, but by
carefully worked out feelers and
feints.
The net result of all his finagling
was nothing but a few lost miles.
Auchinleck, fearing as did his op-
ponent that the enemy had superior
power, attacked so cautiously as to
#iake no serious difference in the
positions of the two.
The Axis, driven back a little from
the El Alamein bottleneck, was still
Well off -- waiting until Rommel
found the weak spot he was looking
for.
Occasionally the battle broke out
fiercely, but the contestants were so
Ovenly matched that no break-
throughs were achieved. Biggest ac-
ac-.- s- - o h uorn nr

- Soviet Asks Second Front

Domestic

i}

Bastille Day Riots
Bastille Day was expected to raise
the subdued temperatures of French-
men, but all Europe exploded in the
surprised German's faces with most
of the punishment being taken by
the Gestapo.
Rebellious Dutchmen killed 13 of
Himmler's spies and that was only
the beginning. In celebration of the
Feints, Parries

reported to be bringing in as much
as ever came over the late lamented
and much fought over Burmese
route.
The Japanese, as usual when they
run into American fighting men,
were having trouble. They seemed
to have temporarily lost control of
'the air over China to Chennault's
former 'Flying Tigers' and bombing
command. As a result their supply
bases continued to suffer.
Near Australia good old Uncle Sam
also gave the Japs a dose of quinine
as it moved a commando-like force
into New Guinea in the first of a
series of moves which may mean
MacArthur is tired of waiting and is
about ready to strike.
The Japs were happier about their
potential expedition into India where
the natives decided to do this and
that, and will undoubtedly end up in
doing nothing. British Imperials are
apparently none too strong in India
and the next strong Japanese move
may come there.
The only hitch came in the lack
of a potent Jap fleet, a large part of
which according to American naval
reports still lay in drydock being re-
paired. or was rusting at the bottom
of the Pacific somewhere near Mid-
way.
Only diplomatic news of the week
that attracted very much attention
was the United States' move towards
a break with Finland. Breaking off
Finnish consular relations after more
than six months as an ally of the
country Finland is attacking, the
U.S. finally took action to close one
of the most cordial international re-
lationships of all history.
-Hale Champion

This week the War Labor Board adopted unani
awarded - and CIO accepted - a tee representi
daily wage increase of 44 cents to four "Little St
four "Little Steel" companies instead that the work
the forefront
of the dollar hike per day sought by national polic
the United Steel Workers (CIO). The nation in its
Board used the steel case to lay down Once again
a national wage stabilization policy; willingness to
entitling wage earners to maintain with the gove
their peacetime purchasing power as fort.
of January, 1941. Since the cost of Note:The
living between January 1, 1941, and "Little Steel
May, 1942, jumped 15 per cent, wage 157,000 steel u
earners are entitled to a similar boost the decision w
in hourly earnings, the WLB ruled. stick for all s
Stripped of -technicalities, the WLB before the W
decision eliminated the gap between wage increase
wages and prices by tying the two to- e es
wage an prcesby tingthetwoto-employees of F
,ether. In reading the majority opin- eral Motors.
ion, Dir. George W. Taylor, vice- course, will a
chairman of the WLB, said that the industry of sox
oolicy was not "inflexible" but "elas-
tic." This means that if 15 per cent ' to

___ Pay-PriceControversyRages
mously by the commit- sure it can muster to prevent the with the iron resolution that
ng 157,000 workers of government from selling government- madness of tyrants must perish
teel" companies, stated owned grain ;at sub-parity prices, the earth, so that the earth ma
ers were glad to be "in While the country faces the prospect turn to the people to whom i
in carrying out the of inflation, the House farm bloc is longs, and be their village,
y which will aid our liddling with its own private inter- home, forever."
war for total survival." ests.
labor has shown its In the face of such difficulties, Out .Again, In. Again
cooperate completely FDR gave reporters the nod that he
rnment in the war ef- was ready to come out of his corner Like a fickle woman, the Wa
with gloves swinging-probably next partment changes its mind. Fit
WLB decision on the week. announced that young married
case directly affected and boys between f8 and 20 yea
workers. It is believed Lidice Lives Again age would not be used for comb
ill be used as a yard- duty. The government just w
imilar cases. Pending In Europe last month (June 10) to register them to keep its files
LB is a dollar-a-day the little Czech village of Lidice, plete. On Friday Secretary of
demand by 400,000 , ' Henry L. Stimson told the press
ord,umbeing less than 100 homes, was the same 18-20 age group wou
To htslecisinofn-leveled to the ground on orders from drafted for use "sometime in t1
ffect the entire steel Hitler. The Nazi atrocity came as a ture."
me 600,000 workers. "penalty" for the assassination of But it isn't the War Depari
Reinhard Heydrich, Hitler's "hang- that is so inconsistent. It is
man" governor of Czechoslovakia, In gress. Early in the war, the
Cp Power America this week that same Czech asked Congress for authority to
kvillage came back to life when a script 19-year-olds, The blunt
rngton oate in the weekp ll cm k toe ea osal rocked the two houses in
whisperings that CPresi-hCcago was rchisteneproidce b lent debate. The House rejecte
lt may ask Congress fore a crowd of 35,000 spectators, Army request, sent it to the Sen
or broad discretionary A number of dignitaries helped and the Senate approved it. A
ol wages and for power usher in the new town-Clifton Fadi- ference committee compromise
n bloc under his thumb. man of The New Yorker magazine, 20 years. Since that time the i
t intimated this in a lawyer Wendell Willkie, publisher Selective Service process became
ce, saying that the en- Marshall Field and Colonel Vladimir fused. Now the Army wants tl
of inflation and wage Hurdan, Czech minister to the Unit- 20 age group for service. This
der intensive study but ed States. Mr. Willkie went back to Stimson thought it was time
the same time that he Abraham Lincoln to put his speech the people know about it.
ady to go out on a limb. over and press comment shows that
'ces in Washington de- the Lincoln eloquence is still good Caesar Stays Tough
°sident Roosevelt wants today. Hard-hearted soft-bellied "Ca
10 per cent parity level "Let us here highly resolve," Will- Petrillo, tough little czar of the;
ingress as the lowest kie told the gathering, "that the world, decided to ban Dr. Josel
ceilings on farm crops memory of this little village of Bo- Maddy's National Music Camp s
d. The President has hernia, now resurrected by the people terlochen from the air this wei
s full with the farm of -a little village in Illinois, will fire spite of hell and high water.
putting on all the pres- us, now and until the battle is over, soinof al ditha igh n.m

wage increases have been made since
January 1, 1941, further upward ad-
jiustment of the wage scale would be
made if the wages are still found to
be sub-standard.
The four labor members of the
twelve-man WLB dissented from the
ruling made in the case of "Little
Steel." They held that it struck "a
serious blow at the foundations of the
collective bargaining process." They
maintained that "Little Steel" should
have received a dollar-a-day hike in
wages.
But a referendum on the wage pro-
vision came before the 125-man poli-
cy committee of the UnitedaSteel
Workers of America one day later-
and the committee accepted the WLB
decision increasing the wages of
hourly workers to a minimum base
of 78 cents an hour. The resolution,

IV age, ril
From Washi
came hushed v
dent Rooseve
point-blank fc
power to contr
to put the farn
The President
press conferen
tire problemc
control was un
indicating at t
was not yet rea
Official sour
clared that Pre
to reduce the 1
pegged by Co
point at which
could be place
had his hand
bloc, which isx

Rommel, Staff Member

renaming of the Free French as the
Fighting French the Paris under-
gound did just that. Properly in-
censed by reports that Laval had
cooked up a deal in which the capi-
al would bedreturned to Paris and
the Nazis would take over all stra-
tegic military establishments-in-
cluding the French fleet base at
oulon--they rioted in the streets
from dawn to dusk. In Spain two
Nazi U-boat crews were reported to
have revolted. And so ran the wave
of unrest over Europe until it reached
north as far as Denmark and Norway
and east as far as Yugoslavia and the
Balkans.
"So Long, Chaps"
The RAF swept clear clear across the
continent in its longest raid of the
war in order to bomb Danzig, the
transplanted Nazi sub base which
Admiral Von Raeder had hoped
would escape the recently intensified
English attack on U-boats.
Tragedy for the gallant band of
fliers who have been England's
greatest contribution to the victory
effot was the death of their ace of
aces, young Wing Commander Paddy
Finucane. He died in the line of
service as a 100 to 1 shot clipped his
motor and sent him zooming toward
the storm-swept English channel
with only a "So long, chaps" to re-
member him by. But remember the
smiling young inspirational leader,
his fellow pilots will; and avenge
him they will, too.
U.S. At The Dike
The mighty leviathan of the demo-
^ratic nations, the United States, oc-
cupied itself this week with endless
rreparations for doing this and that.
Not yet was it ready to take any ac-
tive part. It only plugged the main
holes in the war effort wherever it
could do so.
American tanks and airplanes fill-
ed out the depleted ranks of the Brit-
ish in Egypt. An American Air Force
in China filled in for what should
have been a Chinese air force. And
more Americans perched in the Aleu-
tians, Australia, Ireland, and their
home bases waited for action, waited
for diversion. Russia was the weak-
ened link now, but how-was America
going to help her. A second front
looked like the only answer.
While the Army waited the Navy
pursued a solution of its most press-
ing problem-ship sinkings. Still
small boats, blimps, and airplanes on
patrol did not halt the savagely
striking rattlesnake of the seas, and
the Navy increased the number of
escort vessels -drawn not from the
still critical Murmansk route, but
from the less dangerous Irish route.
Silent, Stoic Japs
Leave it to the Japanese to keep
busy without letting anyone know
just what blueprints they're working
on. With her forces in the Aleutians
apparently attempting no forward
movement, it looked as if the Aleu-
tian venture was merely a flank pro-
tector in case of war with Russia-a
war which Russia so expects that she
maintains a huge Siberian army de-
spite the Nazi Caucasian drive.
The Japs had a big week in China
as they captured one of the two re-
-niina nnh -n O in -nnfn

FEARFUL NAZIS POR'WY HE WSTY

LLIED INVASION
able by military e
shrouded during much
two months, the Nazis a
shoal-barricaded coastli
picture of the invasion c
C1RDI
EXETER
PLYMOUTH

J of the continent is considered inevit-
xperts. Across the English Channel, fog- IELG
of June and July and clearest the next N =h S LAND KIEL
are building defenses behind the uneven,
ine, a natural barrier in itself. Here's a
coast and the territory behind it:HR
TRICKYWILHELMS- 6e
..- COASTLINEDEN HAVEN
w coastal areas HBREMEN
..is BIRMINGHAM north of Belgium are
-. MNGA often invisible few
. " NORWICH miles off shore. Sand- HANNOVER
COVENTRY bars, shallows are A
Snumerous. MSTE DAM *OSNABRUECK
.: ENGLAND * li11UECIIL
NNROTTERDAM *MUENSTER
PBRSTOL ESSEN Ruhr
BtiTO r.. .KA$SEL
SOUTHAMPTON DOVER OSTENDE DUESSELDORF
awl ORTSOUTHUNKER UEANWR COLOGNE
__s RUSELS AACHEN
BRUSSFLS e GERMANY
BELGI OBLENZ FRANKFURlT
- ~ ~~~ ~ ~NAZI DEFENSES
- HMIEN Four major lines are
CHE BRUNEVAL LUX (A) along entire coast,
~~LE UUEN A s {(B ) behind the Aisne
A RERiver, (C) behind the !
OISSONS VERDU Meuse, and (D) the '
r PREIMS " old West Wail.
I CC 31eI 1 rieMETZ
i, EE i I A'I ° STUTTGART
IEUC FRANCE
sTRASBflURG
RENNES CHARTRES E
LE M ANS OLASROYES '° NALa
ANNE I I LEANSr, :I
ST. NAZAIRE IC SAUXERE
NANTOURS-
BOURGESBERN
.. SWITZ.
CHATEAUROUX
LAVIH
ROCHELVEC *Y7GENEVA
LIMOGES LYON
CLERMONT-
* FERANDMILAN
PERIGUEUX FERRAND ST.
ORDEAUX ETIENNE* ITALY
BODEUXBRIVE TORINO
- Dordogne
FRANCE GENOA
"po MONTAUBAN
3AYONNE..AVG N
MONTPELIER NICE
TOULOUSE MARSEILLE
"TOULN
PERPIGNAN terranean Sea
PEPINA O150
SPAIN-
:S N Wide World Features M ILES

4;:

I

FORBIDDEN
ZONE, OPEN.
ONLY TO NAZI
SOLDIERS AND
TECHNICIANS

GERMAN
DEFENSE
LINES

i

THE FACT IS that military experts believe that sooner or later there must his reported to be kept in good condition and manned with a skeleton
be some kind of a landing on continental Europe - some kind of a against the time the tanks may be coming the other way.

"second front." German successes in Russia are believed to be hastening
the day.
Thp- Caa& an arnn l -rDer -onttrt 1 a ie nY1viv + m nvl.

BOULOGNE and Bruneval, a military center 12 miles north of the great
nort of Le Havre. and the submarine base at St. Nazaire already have

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